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iversity Magazine. 

Old Series Vol. XIX. 
New Series Vol. VI. 

September, 1886. 


No. 1. 



Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 


Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 



Respected Sir, Ladies and Gentle- 
men : — The old, old story of edu- 
cation in all its relations to every 
branch of progress has been told 
again and again by the profound- 
est thinkers, ripest scholars and 
most eloquent tongues. It has 
been so often repeated that noth- 
ing novel can be hoped for at this 
time, and I can assure you that 
never was the performance of a 
duty imposed and assumed ap- 
proached with more anxious mis- 
givings than this one. Inconsist- 
ent fears of opposite extremes con- 
front me. Wafted back on the 

wings of memory, dear to college 
days, there stands a student's ti- 
midity ; cognizant of a living pre- 
sent, there stands a conscious 
dread that too much will be ex- 
pected from an alumnus, in your 
forgetfulness that there is but an 
infinitessimal difference between 
the height of youth and that of 
man. It was not with any egotis- 
tical pride, or even remote hope of 
adding a gleam of light to this bril- 
liant occasion, that this invitation 
was accepted. 

Members of the Dialectic and 
Philanthropic Societies, I am with 


you to-day in obedience to the 
dictates of a manly affection for 
the historic society that mothered 
me in youth, and was then most 
generous with honors, as well as 
with kind feelings now ; in 're- 
sponse to the high esteem and 
deep regard, fruitage of honorable 
competition, entertained for her 
sister society, and in willing and 
most pleasurable submission to the 
ever imperious demands of sincere 
gratitude to this grand old institu- 
tion, which for a century has been 
intensely faithful and loyal to the 
mission of equipping her children 
for the perilous march over the 
limitless plain of human activities, 
even unto the Golden Gates of the 
world to come. Such emotions 
prompted me to revisit these 
sacred precincts and ascend once 
again the college rostrum, over- 
looking a scene of splendor that 
can never fade from memory so 
long as the soul shall be incarnate ; 
such a living human sea of beauty, 
culture and refinement — not of 
strangers to this institution or al- 
iens to her interests — has never 
been surpassed ; gathered under 
the protecting shade of classic 
halls, in homage to an institution 
of learning, their own or their fath- 
ers' alma mater, words always talis- 
manic in their influence on her 
sons, words that have whispered to 
them when in despair, encourage- 
ment, when flushed with success, 

You come, not to hear me, but 
the annual proclamation that the 
young men of another class, full of 
hope and promise of future useful- 
ness and honors, have been armed 
with the helmet of knowledge, the 
shield of morality, the spear of 
incisive thought and the glistening 
and untarnished sword of honor, 
ready to enlist in the army of the 
world's workers. 

The sight of these scenes, the 
first time since graduation, is one 
of mixed sadness and pleasure ; 
the commingling of the things of 
the past and present and the 
thoughts of the dead and living ; 
so many of the professors, stu- 
dents and villagers whom I knew 
so well and regarded so highly 
have been translated to the " Tem- 
ple not made with hands," yet how 
charming to meet, after long sepa- 
ration, the living friends of one's 
youth, to stroll over this lovely 
campus under its majestic oaks, 
and through the buildings, libra- 
ries and halls, once the home of 
your youth, awakening most de- 
lightful reminiscences of that ever 
hopeful age. 

I truly envy those whose preci- 
ous privilege it is to make an an- 
nual pilgrimage to the shrine of 
their alma mater. Where they can 
quaff the refreshing nectar of the 
fountain of youth ; where they can 
breathe the pure scholastic air, and 
thus clarify the moral and political 
malaria so often surrounding- us in 


the concrete thoughts of practical 
life ; where they can renew their 
devotion in all its freshness to lit- 
erature for its own pure sake, 
which is in constant danger of 
being killed by the spirit of the 
world, or smothered in the stifling 
atmosphere of an exclusively busi- 
ness life. Thev ?o hence stronger 
and better men. It is not time 

It is an honor indeed to respond 
to your most complimentary invi- 
tation, and especially so in this 
"Memorial Hall," beautiful in 
architecture, which, though new 
in construction and fresh from the 
handiwork of the mason's plumb 
and trowel, yet is rich and bristling 
with the wonderful traditions of a 
great State and nation for more 
than a century. Those whom it 
commemorates, a roll of honor too 
numerous to call on this occasion, 
speak to us in person of the great 
achievements in the struggle of 
man's advancement on this con- 
tinent ; of the events in the growth 
of self government in the colonies ; 
of the development of a country 
once solely the habitation of the 
savage ; of Indian wars ; of open 
and successful resistance to Eng- 
land's Stamp Act in 1766, nearly 
eight years before that against the 
tea tax at Boston; of the Meck- 
lenburg Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, prior to that of 1776 at 
Philadelphia ; of the battle fields 
of a seven years' war to make both 

a reality; of the trials of a Con- 
tinental Congress; of the delibe- 
rations of a Constitutional Con- 
vention, where was conceived and 
formulated a constitution for a 
federal confederated representa- 
tive republic, the first known to 
history; of soldiers of bravery, 
patriotism and self-sacrifice never 
eclipsed ; of those that graced and 
honored the chair of the Chief Exe- 
cutives of States and nation, and 
legislative halls of both ; of those 
that were members of cabinet and 
representatives at foreign Courts ; 
of judges of Fed'eral and State 
Courts ; and of those adorning all 
the professions and avocations of a 
mighty commonwealth. 

The central figure of all those 
so justly celebrated is the lawyer, 
judge, legislator, governor, histor- 
ian and educator, all united in one, 
David L. Swain, one of the most 
remarkable men of the age. He 
surveyed from the mountain peaks 
of the Blue Ridge all the varied 
necessities of his State, and dis- 
cerned the alpine need of them 
all ; and through a professional 
and political career most rapid, 
useful and illustrious, this moun- 
taineer, in ten short years, leaped 
to the head and front of the cause 
of education. He was a true man, a 
great teacher and a superb organ- 
izer and disciplinarian. The Nes- 
tor of College Presidents, whose 
death not only touched the Uni- 
versity, but every heart that beats 


throughout the State in sympathy 
with the interest of learning and 

Years ago I entered the collegi- 
ate department of this University. 
It was in most trying and trouble- 
some times ; civil war had com- 
menced its sad work of human 
carnage ; alarm and intense excite- 
ment pervaded the atmosphere 
and filled the minds of all, found 
their way to the professor's sanc- 
tum and the student's room. Un- 
der such unpropitious and unfavo- 
rable circumstances we then at- 
tempted to drink freely at this 
Pierian Spring. The young men 
of this day are to be congratulated 
that they have been able to pursue 
theirstudies under more auspicious 
surroundings, and that the bloody 
and wasting revolution, angry off- 
spring of conflicting interests and 
ideas, has forever settled the ques- 
tions that so long distracted and 
monopolized the American mind 
to the exclusion of others most 
needful. These issues were sub- 
mitted to the wager of battle, the 
last that should be resorted to, in 
which soldiers of the gallantry of 
the six hundred at Balaklava, faced 
in deadly array soldiers of the val- 
or of the old guard at Waterloo. 
A contest for courage, numbers 
engaged and killed, means ex- 
pended and influence on the des- 
tiny of the world itself, has no 
parallel in history. But grander 

and stranger than all these is the 
sequel: these hostile forces in a 
few years brought together as 
brothers of old, with equal ardor 
for and the same pride in the one 
Union, rejoicing in the preserva- 
tion of both the moral and phys- 
ical integrity of the nation, and 
that there is a radiant star for each 
State and a sovereign State for 
each star upon the flag of our com- 
mon country. 

What produced this result in the 
face of so many adverse prece- 
dents? It was due to the wise 
scheme of government that the 
founder of this University and his 
associates devised and crystalized 
into form ; to the enlightenment 
and morality of an educated peo- 
ple ; to the fact that the same 
undying honor that moved the 
Southern soldier to heroic deeds 
on her battle fields, moved him in 
good faith to acquiesce in the de- 
cision of the bloody arbitration 
selected. A spectacle so strange in 
the annals of time many doubted 
and disbelieved for a time, but 
both the honor and good faith of 
the Southerner were so strongly 
impressed that the citizens of the 
entire republic have solemnly de- 
clared, in due form of law, their 
mutual confidence in and respect 
for each other. And none regret, 
but all rejoice, that it has been de- 
creed forever that this is constitu- 
tionally an indestructible union, 



and that the spirit of fraternity- 
reigns supreme throughout a coun- 
try so great that it can and does 
count the Southern valor and 
Northern valor as joint assets in 
the estate of its fame ; a people so 
noble that heart and intellect have 
conquered hate and prejudice. 

According to science and the 
book of books, the Bible, man was 
last in order of creation and more 
richly endowed with gifts than all 
living creatures. He was made a 
free agent, with mind to think, 
voice to speak, and vitality to act, 
with the single restriction that he 
must not and cannot use these 
powers in violation of God's or 
nature's laws, without exposing 
himself to their penalty. Let him 
use them well and he shall have 
dominion over the earth, animate 
and inanimate ; he shall be enabled 
to subdue the powers of nature and 
combine and separate them accord- 
ing to his want ; he shall be master 
of the earth, covering it with harv- 
est and homes, villages and cities ; 
master of the sea, covering it with 
ships floating at ease over its un- 
fathomed abysses ; master of the 
elements, fire, air, light and water, 
docile slaves of his sovereign will ; 
utilizer of the beasts of the land, 
the birds of the air, and fish of the 
water ; and the possessor of things 
of beauty and usefulness. These 
immeasured and immeasurable 
blessings bestowed only on man, 
carried with them their correlative 

responsibilities, for every privilege 
has its corresponding duty. These 
benefactions, in their vastness and 
generousness, impel man nearer to 
Divinity than all living creatures. 
He says : use them, but obey the 
laws supreme over them. They 
were confided to man, not for 
purely selfish purposes, but in 
trust for his own and his fellow 
man's welfare and advancement. 
What we term progress or retro- 
gression, is the mere record of how 
these far reaching and all pervad- 
ing responsibilities have been ful- 
filled or neglected. 

The Holy Record, of admitted 
antiquity, reveals that their repu- 
diation resulted in the expulsion 
of man from the beauties and com- 
forts of Eden, and then in the de- 
struction of all save a single fam- 
ily. Now, be this as it may, be it 
a Divine revelation, authentic his- 
tory, or a romance, the context of 
that great Book proves beyond dis- 
pute that a high degree of learning 
and wisdom existed in the times of 
Moses, David, Solomon and Paul 
respectively ; the first, brought up 
as a member of the royal family of 
Egypt, was versed in the wisdom 
of that country ; the Psalms of the 
second, in their sublimity and ten- 
der and touching pa.hos, are still 
the most fitting strains of devo- 
tional raptures ; the Proverbs and 
songs of the third, who asked not 
for riches or long life, but under- 
standing, have been the delight 


and wonder of all ages ; the fourth 
was a man of the highest intelli- 
gence and rarest attainments. 

Purely profane history, at least, 
discloses that the world reached a 
wondrous development of wisdom, 
challenging our own boasted civil- 

Grecian literature is the miracle 
in the phenomena of the human 
mind and soul. In Greece there 
was an intensely original creative 
force which has never been tran- 
scended. There had been vast and 
powerful empires and cities before, 
but you must look to Greece for 
the parentage of profane history, 
epic poetry, tragedy, forensic elo- 
quence and philosophy, and there 
you will find Heroditus, Homer, 
^Eschylus Demosthenes and So- 

In Greece, literature, arts, phi- 
losophy and civilization reached a 
degree of perfection and an alti- 
tude never before touched, if in- 
deed attained since. 

To what causes are these marvel- 
ous results to be ascribed ? These 
causes once ascertained and fixed, 
you will discover that to the blind 
disregard of them, the subsequent 
decline was due. Free agency, de- 
veloped and understood, was the 
rock foundation upon which was 
raised the edifice of free institu- 
tions ; a temple that has and ever 
will crumble into dust, if exposed 
to the atmospheric action of im- 
morality and ignorance. 

The influence of free institu- 
tions and popular education is the 
source, doubtless, from which all 
the civilization that existed in 
Greece flowed. It was a govern- 
ment of the people for a people 
who had been educated. Schools 
and school-masters were essential 
elements in their social system. 
Plato says, as soon as the distinc- 
tion between right and wrong was 
impressed by the parent upon the 
child, he was sent to school to be 
instructed in "reading, writing, 
music and orderly habits," which 
fitted him for self-training as a citi- 
zen, and for further training in 
rhetoric and philosophy to be pur- 
sued at the Academy and Lyceum. 
They recognized the necessity of 
both popular and higher education. 
Grecian civilization was trans- 
planted to other lands ; to Ephe- 
sus, where the "Temple of Diana " 
was the depositor)' of the most 
perfect works of the greatest art- 
ists of antiquity, the painting by 
Apelles, of Alexander grasping a 
thunder-bolt, the picture of the 
Goddess, by Timante, the first fe- 
male artist upon record, and the 
matchless works of many others ; 
to Alexandria, affluent in her li- 
braries, museums, schools of arts, 
sciences, rhetoric, medicine, math- 
ematics and theology; to Rome 
whose poets, orators and philos- 
ophers translated Homer, Demos- 
thenes and Plato. 

Rome physically conquered the 



world and became an empire of 
strength and statesmen, but was 
subdued by the arts and learning 
of Greece. Her best scholars were 
educated there. Thus the learn- 
ing of Greece advanced the world 
to a remarkable condition of civil- 
ization, of which Athens and 
Rome were two mighty monu- 
ments. But in time Roman love 
of conquest and spoils became the 
dominating spirit of that empire, 
and then there came a decay of 
that learning and civilization ; a 
mighty cloud of decline covered 
the world with blight, a black night 
of desolation to human hopes and 
progress. During that long night 
of intellectual darkness, nearly 
every vestige of ancient learning 
and civilization was effaced. The 
Archaeologist of this day is still 
delving amid the ruins of the past 
to uncover them to the view once 
again. The dawn of light disclosed 
that a total failure to appreciate 
the responsibility of self to self 
and to others, imposed by the do- 
minion given man over the world 
in all things save his fellow man, 
had destroyed free agency; and 
free thought, free expression and 
free action were fettered, chained 
and enslaved. In this age and 
country, it is most difficult to be- 
lieve that the naked right to think 
was ever denied man. The stake, 
dungeon, gibbet, and inquisition, 
all affirm it beyond contradiction. 
Huss and Galileo, and a long list 

of associates, were victims or mar- 
tyrs to this tyranny. The contest, 
waged so long between Hellenic 
civilization and Oriental despot- 
ism, had to be fought over again; 
the fallen therein can never be 
counted. This despotism had be- 
come so firmly established that the 
success of the revolution for the 
emancipation of free thought, ex- 
pression and action, was gradual 
and slow indeed. Man had to 
struggle with himself, against the 
prejudices and superstitions that 
hovered around his birth and be-' 
came a part of him from infancy ; 
then, with his fellow man, for the 
right of expression ; and lastly, 
with rulers of church and nation, 
for freedom of action, the applica- 
tion of his thoughts to the practi- 
cal affairs of life. This revolution, 
sometimes in silence and some- 
times in noisy war, went on for 
ages, gaining slowly the rights be- 
longing to free agency. The final 
and fortuitous culmination of these 
bloody wars, waged for the right 
to think, was the discovery of this 
hemisphere by Columbus, where 
the liberty to think and speak was 
crowned with the triumph of free- 
dom of action, where, at a cost that 
to us would seem most burden- 
some, severance of the ties of home 
and kindred, an asylum was found, 
for their exercise. 

The seventeenth century mark- 
ed a mighty exodus from Europe 
to America, the importance of 


which, to man's advancement, was 
not second to that of Moses from 

The bold, manly, restless and 
determined spirits and firm believ- 
ers in the freedom of mind, expa- 
triated themselves from native 
lands, to seek the protection of the 
wilderness of the new continent. 
There came Englishman with his 
tenacity of purpose, Scotchman 
with his love of philosophy, Celt 
with his ever irrepressible agita- 
tion for the greatest liberty, Hol- 
4ander with his inherited fondness 
for work and freedom, Frenchman 
with his vivacity of spirit, German 
with his thrift and learning, and 
so on from all nations. 

Loneliness of position, self-pro- 
tection against the tomahawk of 
the scalping savage, self-interest, 
trade, commerce and social in- 
stincts, all combined to bring them 
together, intermarrying and living 
and working, under divine guid- 
ance, in harmony for the common 
benefit ; each lifted to a higher 
plane by the aid and presence of 
the other ; and thus the seed of 
free government and greater men- 
tal development was sown broad- 
cast over the continent. These 
subtle forces were silently working 
results never dreamt of by the 
statesman, philanthropist or poli- 
tical economist. The law of com- 
pensation reveals that every race 
excels in some respect, and as the 
blood of these different races mix- 

ed and commingled in the veins of 
the people, mental strength in- 
creased ; moral vigor advanced ; 
national prejudices, habits and 
customs, that once in their conflict 
seemed to have forbidden the uni- 
fication of the colonies, were amal- 
gamated ; the best traits of each 
survived, and the pernicious ones 
were obliterated, and a new race 
was created, " the American," 
without which this nation, a mar- 
vel in the world's history, could 
never have existed. 

Great effects are due to great 
causes and not to small ones. "A 
spark only lights a vast conflagra- 
tion when it falls upon combusti- 
ble material previously collected." 
General causes, whether moral or 
physical, direct the world's des- 

In 1776, the condition of the 
American colonies was such that 
the tea tax, of trifling burden, was 
the spark that set aflame the ac- 
cumulated spirit of free thought, 
voicing the principle of free agency 
and founding a government there- 
upon, that " all men were born 
equal," not in strength of mind or 
body, but in the right to enter the 
race of life and contend before im- 
partial judges, the full jury of one's 
countrymen, for the prizes great 
and small; that the people were 
sovereigns, a government of col- 
lective thought. 

The inspired leaders that impell- 
ed the world forward in this great 


stride of human progress, knew 
well that its perfection and perpe- 
tuation must rest upon developed 
thought, men trained for the con- 
test and clothed with the wisdom 
of the ruler. North Carolina was 
the first to stamp its recognition 
upon the organic law. Read it in 
her constitution of 1776, written 
in golden letters, that schools for 
the convenient education of chil- 
dren, and a University for the en- 
couragement and promotion of all 
useful learning, shall be establish- 
ed. The fame of him who penned 
these words of light can never be 
extinguished till the world itself 
shall be hurled out of its orbit 
through infinite space and broken 
into disintegrating fragments 
against worlds greater and larger 
than it. All hail his name ! 

Davie and his associates, as soon 
as the martial uniform and arms 
were laid aside, aroused from slum- 
ber the mandate of the constitu- 
tion, and breathed life and vitality 
in the infant University — a living 
and ever enduring monument to 
their glory, speaking through her 
scholars in every hamlet of this 
State and in every State, grander 
than was ever raised to the mili- 
tary heroes of empire. This Uni- 
versity can stand, in the sunlight 
of the 19th century, the crucial 
test of successful, useful and influ- 
ential lives of her students and 
their students in every walk of hu- 
man endeavor. 

Her doors have been open from 
birth till now, except for a few 
years, when strange gods, made 
mad and soon to be destroyed, 
desecrated her pure bosom, mis- 
taking the influence and power of 
her teachings in men, for these 
dumb walls. 

She was born of the practical 
idea, underlying the whole fabric 
of our institutions, that the rulers 
— the people — must be made intel- 
ligent, or a government by them 
will be either a farce or a tragedy, 
even under an absolute despotism. 
The theory is that he must know 
the law, for at his peril he must 
obey. In this country the voter 
not only obeys the law — directly 
or indirectly, by action or by neg- 
lect — he makes, interprets and ex- 
ecutes it ; his is the originating 
and guiding brain as well as the 
obedient hand. 

The mere accumulation of know- 
ledge is not education, nor is it 
wisdom ; and for this reason, the 
chief purpose of this college has 
not been to store the mind with 
facts of history, but to develop the 
moral nature of the student upon 
whom the mother has already 
strongly impressed the distinction 
between right and wrong ; and 
then to train his mind, teaching 
him to think and reason, drilling 
and strengthening the faculties in 
need thereof, and pruning and re- 
pressing those in need thereof, so 
that the resultant will be a sound 



and healthy mind, balanced and 
adjusted in all its parts and func- 
tions ; teaching him the best meth- 
ods of acquiring knowlege and cul- 
tivating the habit of learning ; to 
wrestle for the time with abstract 
thought rather than with the con- 
crete,, though these are always in 
some degree inter-woven ; prepar- 
ing him to continue, without the 
aid of teacher, the development 
only commenced, for graduation 
is only a mile stone on the high- 
way of development. He must 
then employ the complicated pow- 
ers and forces of mind in the fields 
of actual practice. 

The plow, sinking shallow or 
deep in the soil ; the intricate ma- 
chinery of the factory, moving 
with accuracy and without fric- 
tion ; the needle gun and minnie 
rifle, sending the ball with preci- 
sion to the desired object ; the 
diamond drill, penetrating to the 
places of the hidden treasures of 
the earth ; the lens of the tele- 
scope, carrying the human eye to 
the secret places of the skies; and 
chemical action, analyzing and 
commingling the properties of 
bodies for use; all think, when 
moved to action by the will of man 
who thinks. 

There is no royal road to learn- 
ing and wisdom. The mind must 
be exercised and disciplined, and 
the regular collegiate course, not- 
withstanding the bitter denuncia- 
tions lately directed against it, is 

best adapted to accomplish that 
end in a four years' term for classes 
of young men, ranging from fifteen 
to twenty, of average capacity and 
preparation. They then have ac- 
quired an index to the innumera- 
ble branches of human knowledge 
and industries, and their minds 
have been sufficiently disciplined 
to select and pursue one of these 
to its legitimate end with advan- 
tage and success. Our colleges 
are truly American institutions, 
grandly working in co-operation 
with the scheme of thirty-eight 
(38) State governments, united 
under one government, exercising 
delegated functions relating to the 
joint necessities of all. Each State 
has its college, where her sons 
gather and are taught to think 
upon the facts evolved from the 
industries, interests, lives of the 
people, and the diversified nature 
of the State. The legislatures of 
the States give diversity of legis- 
lation, and the Colleges of the 
States give diversity of thought. 
And when an American Congress 
convenes, whether scientific or leg- 
islative, the members do not voice 
the ideas of a single professor or 
institution, but of many schools of 
thought, from every conceivable 
standpoint ; and better results are 
reached, for just as flint upon flint 
throws off the spark, so the conflict 
of ideas of educated men has en- 
lightened the world. Save us from 
a people of the supineness of as- 


1 1 

similated ideas on all subjects. 
And for this reason, the tendency 
of the State to look to * Federal 
government for the means to edu- 
cate the people, is to be depreca- 
ted, for it will destroy self reliance 
and responsibility, the cornerstone 
of community independence; and 
the contribution will in time be 
followed by supervision of its ap- 
plication, appointment of teach- 
ers, and the direction of opinions 
to be taught or repressed, and will 
endanger the rights of States, cen- 
tralizing ideas and power — a con- 
stant menace to freedom of mind 
and action. 

^The conditions of our institu- 
tions and country during this cen- 
tury have been most conducive to 
the era of the great progress that 
has marked it. There was the rich 
soil with mental seed and moral 
atmosphere which brought forth a 
harvest most prolific. 

Progressive development has 
been wondrous indeed in answer 
to the ever increasing demands of 
man, as a living, breathing, seeing 
hearing, thinking, speaking, social 
and dying free-agent. Measured 
by the age of the individual, slow, 
but by the age of all time, swift. 
From the savage to the cultured 
gentleman ; cave to modern 
homes ; foot to horse ; oar to sail ; 
and from these to Titan steam 
driving, moving palaces over and 
through mountains and across the 
waters of the briny deep and the 

unsalted seas of the interior ; cou- 
rier to electricity harnessed as a 
messenger ; the music of the hu- 
man voice, audible only a few feet 
and lost forever to vocal sound, 
transmitted to startling distances 
through the telephone, and pre- 
servable for ages in the phono- 
graph ; the fickle sun picture of 
objects reflected upon the water 
mirror, to the likeness transferred 
and transfixed upon substances in 
enduring form ; garments of skins 
of wild animals fastened with 
thongs, to the machine made and 
sewed fabrics ; substances in na- 
tive form, to those changed and 
shaped by man at his will for his 
use, by mechanical and chemical 
action ; marble rough, to marble 
chiseled in statues perfect ; the 
healing ingredients and sweet per- 
fumes, separated from poisons and 
loathsome odors ; conjurer, to 
skilled physician and surgeon ; 
muscle unassisted, to gunpowder, 
steam and electricity, obedient to 
the will of man ; adobe architec- 
ture, to imposing cathedrals and 
proud capitals ; brute force, to 
persuasive reasoning ; thoughts 
spoken, to thoughts written and 
printed for exchange with the liv- 
ing and those of the future ; super- 
stitions debasing, to the philoso- 
phy of the materialists and idea- 
list, and from these to philosophy 
of an ego and non ego, the thing 
knowing and the thing known of ; 
intellect buried in ignorance, to 



intellect set at liberty; multiplic- 
ity of warring gods of passions 
vile, to one Supreme Divinity, all- 
knowing, all-powerful and always 
present, regulating the action of 
the subtle forces of nature by laws 
of uniform order, and offering im- 
mortal felicity to the spirit of man ; 
conscience buried in ignorance and 
immorality, to conscience cul- 
tured, moral and free, the tribunal 
before which every thought and 
act of man must pass in judgment 
of approval or condemnation, and 
through which the mysteries of 
God, self and the world must be 
discerned and detected. 

You are fortunate in the age 
you have been born, the fruitful 
era of the highest civilization yet 

You are fortunate in the coun- 
try in which you have been reared, 
which is second to none in prestige 
and power; foremost of all in its 
political institutions, in the secu- 
rity of private rights, and in op- 
portunities for individual advance- 
ment. You are justified in feeling 
a pride in this country, which in 
a century has increased and en- 
larged from three millions to sixty 
millions citizens, and from thir- 
teen to thirty-eight States ; lat- 
ticed with iron rails and wires; 
hills and valleys covered with 
farms and factories, towns and cit- 
ies, schools and churches, libraries 
and colleges. In wealth, inven- 
tion, discovery, arts, literature, phi- 

losophy, science and all achieve- 
ments, there has been a propor- 
tionate advance. Such ceaseless 
activity in all departments of pro- 
gress has never been exceeded. 
Without the strength and stimulus 
of education these advantages can 
never be preserved. Education is 
the most economical, if not the 
only defense of the prosperity and 
civilization of a nation. Such pro- 
gress makes it a greater necessity 
than ever. In a social system, the 
relations of which are so multi- 
plied and intricate, and growing 
more so, the duties of government, 
of the professional, business and 
laboring man, become more com- 
plex ; and greater wisdom is need- 
ed to cope with them ; greater 
moral vigor to resist the tempta- 
tions of the riches incident thereto. 
Accumulated wealth is followed 
by organized capital and labor, of 
ten engaged in a struggle for their 
respective rights, the bias of self- 
interest . frequently blinding each 
as to what are their rights ; virgin 
soil consumed requires the restora- 
tives of science ; over-production 
in field and factory calls for new 
markets; commerce enlarged, 
more perfect system of finance; 
large cities exac the best engineer- 
ing and hygienic skill. The laws 
of political economy applicable to 
such conditions are more difficult,, 
and the laws of mechanics more 
essential. Only a few years since 
the Swiss watch product, their 



chief industry, was driven from the 
markets of the world by the ma- 
chine-made watch of our own 

This outline of the landmarks of 
progress suggests from whence our 
civilization came, and where it is ; 
but where it shall go, whether on- 
ward and upward or backward and 
downward, depends upon whether 
or not each generation will arm it- 
self with all the weapons necessary 
to a full performance of the duties 
imposed by its rich gifts. Sons to 
be equal to their ancestors must 
be better ; they have the thoughts 
and works of the latter to add to. 
To-day is no better than yester- 
day, except it utilizes the experi- 
ences of yesterday. 

All the constituent elements of 
civilization must keep step in the 
march. Constant readjustment is 
needed to preserve their proper re- 
lations. One must not dominate 
the other or there will be a de- 
formed social system, either men- 
tally, morally or physically. It 
has been often and well said, that 
the majesty and authority of civil- 
ized government is not sufficient. 
Rome had these under a republic 
and empire for 1,000 years. Com- 
merce is not sufficient. Carthage 
had this. Intellectual culture is 
not sufficient. Greece had this, 
when there were separate States 
and a confederation of States, with 
her orators, poets, statesmen, rhet- 
oricians and philosophers. The 

elective suffrage is not sufficient. 
All the fallen republics of the past 
had this. There must be a har- 
monious blending and co-opera- 
tion of all the elements in every 
department of progress, according 
to the requirements of the com- 
munity and age. 

Our inventions, discoveries and 
products are used abroad, and 
the reflex influence of American 
thought has been felt in Europe. 
It assisted in making France thrice 
a republic, and her people in gi%ti- 
tude therefor have sent to us, to be 
placed in the harbor of the com- 
mercial metropolis, a colossal 
statue of the " Goddess of Liber- 
ty," raising high toward the heav- 
ens in her uplifted hand, a torch 
to beckon to these shores the ships 
of commerce and emigrants. But 
lest the newcomers be deceived 
and misunderstand the vital spirit 
of our institutions, right amid the 
commercial and money exchanges 
of that city, on the very stone and 
spot of his inauguration, stands a 
heroic sized statue of the pure, able 
and christian soldier and states- 
man, George Washington, the un- 
rivaled, to warn them that the god- 
dess of liberty or reason has not 
dethroned the King of Kings in 
this land. 
American thought has influenced 
England to such an extent that 
her Prime Minister (Gladstone) 
can rise under the very shadow of 
the divine right of kings, and ad- 



monishhis countrymen that unity 
of boundless empire can only be 
maintained by diversity of legisla- 
tion, decentralization. And this 
reminds us that our young men 
should learn well the constitution 
of their own country. 

Remember, neither to underesti- 
mate nor overvalue your strength 
— the one paralyzes and the other 
allures to dangerous shoals; that 
self-knowledge is all important, 
but the innate bias of self renders 
it the most difficult ; that knowl- 
edge is power, but of little value 
unless you utilize it; that the glory 
of power is not in the possession 
thereof, but rather in the use 
thereof along the line of moral 
purpose, to the beneficent end of 
shedding the effulgence of the star 
of progress over the world. The 
weight of evidence in spiritual and 
worldly matters must be respect- 
ed. When you reach the stream of 
doubt, do not plunge yourself 
headlong into the howling waters 
of infinite inquiry, but stand upon 
the firm facts of collective thought, 
cross the ugly torrent upon the 
bridges that have stood the strain 
of ages, unless you have construc- 
ted a stronger and safer one. You 
must select some definite pursuit, 
and let it be a rivulet, ever in sight, 
running its silver cord through the 
valley of your earnest efforts and 
unceasing labors. Supine content 
buries hope and absolute rest pre- 
vents ascent. You should be law- 

abiding and order loving. The im- 
perative" necesstiy of right, out- 
ward authority, binding us into 
organic connection with other 
beings," is the highest act of in- 
tellect — the highest glory and the 
highest freedom of a responsible 
and social being. Restrain the 
bo:istful spirit of the age — that 
self-glorification which rests upon 
material progress alone ; for the 
vastness of empire and wealth, 
subjugation of the latent forces of 
nature, classification of animals, 
and their descent traced, and in- 
genuity of invention, cannot sat- 
isfy conscience or relieve death of 
its terrors. " The search for causes 
in nature, when divorced from 
those spiritual verities which min- 
ister to the soul's health, simply 
pushes away from needy man the 
bending heavens and hides the 
Cause of Causes in the awful 
silence behind the stars."' Be con- 
servative, but not slavish to tradi' 
tion. True conservatism is the 
desire and effort to follow through 
all ages every step along the line 
of progress, distinguishing the en- 
during from the perishable in hu- 
man history, and preserving the 
former as the guide of the present. 
Let your motto be intellectual cul- 
ture and liberty rightfully employ- 
ed ; culture harmonious with all 
the relations of man to God, man 
and the world, and liberty free 
from infringement upon that of 
others. Let your potential influ 



ence as educated men be exerted 
towards keeping open the living 
fountains of thought. May you 
be lights of society and pillars of 
government, ever scrutinizing the 
mysteries ot the seen and unseen 
and promoting the welfare of man, 
reaching a higher fruition than 
ever before attained. May your 
acts ever shed lustre and reflect 
honor upon your alma mater. 
May you enjoy to the fullest mea- 
sure " the sweets of friendship, the 
charms of literature and the love- 
liness of virtue." 

May this University live and 
flourish to the end of time, deserv- 
ing the sympathetic support of 
good men and the loving smile of 
Him on high, and go on, with un- 
relaxing energy, to enlighten suc- 
cessive generations, training men 
in true learning and wisdom, in all 
that is manly and pure, humane 
and generous. May the crystal 
clear waters of this and the other 
similar fountains of knowledge 
flow on and on forever, till our 
country becomes one vast ocean of 
wisdom and intelligence, crowning 
our loftiest hopes and most daz- 
zling visions of development and 
glory, with realization complete. 

The mighty migrations of the 
human races in the order of their 
highest development respectively : 
from Egypt, the Orient, Greece, 
Rome, Gaul and Britain, in the 

westward march of empire, would 
seem to indicate that- there were 
some demoralizing influences at- 
tending the fruits of civilization, 
which man had been unable to re- 
sist in the past, such as the corrup- 
tion and enervation of wealth and 
luxury, and such as the supersti- 
tions and prejudices largely the re- 
sult of an over boastful spirit and 
self content of a people who have 
climbed to the highest round yet 
reached on the ladder of progress ; 
and that the preservation of each 
civilization required a fresh soil to 
plant its seed in and rear aloft a 
still higher growth. May the 
teachers of our schools and col- 
leges, and the ambassadors of God,, 
impart an intense love of truth and 
a deep sense of justice — the twin 
jewels in the crown of an intelli- 
gent free-agent, worth more than 
all else under the broad canopy of 
the skies — and thus save our land, 
even in the distant future, from 
migrations therefrom for such 

The trite truths of the past 
should never be lost sight of in the 
glitter of the latest civilization. 
But such civilization should per- 
petually be a text, a golden nail on 
the venerable wall of time, upon 
which to hang the old trophies of 
long enduring truths and familiar 
thoughts, and keep them free from 
the collecting dust of oblivion. 




The history of Europe and the 
civilization transmitted to the New- 
World began in Greece. Through- 
out the history of the Greeks, we 
observe a sociability, a tender sym- 
pathy that diffuses itself with more 
facility and energy than is found 
in any of the other nations of anti- 

Assyrian art, Egyptian science 
and the Phoenician alphabet were 
appropriated and assimilated by 
them, and became the seeds of a 
new and more vigorous growth, 
so that much of the life we live to- 
day — its political, social and intel- 
lectual advantages— date back to 
Grecian altars, upon which were 
first kindled the fires of philosophy 
and liberty, lighting the shores of 
the yEgean sea with a radiance 
that gradually dispelled the dark- 
ness that enshrouded the world. 

Greece was the first nation to 
impress herself upon the surround- 
ing nations to that degree of inter- 
est which for two thousand years 
has caused the eyes of the world 
to be directed toward her, while 
she in turn like a loving mother 
has led mankind to the shrine of 
civilization, where after paying his 
devotions, each arose with renew- 
ed strength and began the grand 
march of destiny. She was the 
first star in the firmament of an- 
cient nations that sent a silver ray 

across the long, dark night of bar- 
barism, whose trembling light re- 
vealed the pleasures of refinement 
and mental activity; and though 
she long 'ago lost her national 
existence, her gods driven from 
Olympus into oblivion, yet thro' 
her intellectual conquerors she 
has attained a world-wide empire 
over the minds of men. 

Modern science dates its origin 
from the study of nature under 
the shadow of the Olympian hills ; 
the poet still continues to draw 
his loftiest inspiration from their 
literature, the historian,, the rich 
metaphor with which he adorns 
his instructive page and the sci- 
entist vainly scans their philoso- 
phy to see if they did not leave 
untouched some phase of original 

With a possible exception, for- 
mer nations, even in their advance- 
ment, seem to have been wanting 
in " impressive force," do not 
seem to have had any ideas ex- 
tending beyond the sphere of their 
immediate experience ; their in- 
tellectual horizon seems to have 
been bounded by sordid notions 
and selfish sentiments, common 
to an age enveloped in mental 
darkness. Proscription and expe- 
diency were the only oracles con- 
sulted ; brute force, treachery, 
lasciv'iousness, mental lethargy 



and courtly glitter subdued all the 
nobler impulses of the human 
heart, and like a mighty storm 
swept over the earth, convulsed it 
with terror and left it in ruins and 
desolation. Consequently their 
contributions to the civilization 
and real welfare of mankind were 
so meagre that they soon lost 
their identity and became as un- 
substantial as "a vision in a 
dream," fading from memory with 
the dawn of the following day. 
But not so with the Greek, " the 
spoiled child of the graces." He 
grasped with unprecedented bold- 
ness every idea that promised to 
gratify his intellectual curiosity. 
Originality, power, variety, novel- 
ty of thought and brilliancy of 
conception flashed athwart every 
subject he handled ; nor was he 
content with what he saw and 
heard, his speculative genius led 
him to pass beyond the material 
world and to try the secrets re- 
served for future ages. The 
Greeks were the first of the great 
Aryan family of nations in -Europe 
whose achievements are recorded, 
nor was there ever a people whose 
deeds were more worthy of recital. 
No people ever accomplished so 
much, aided merely by heroic en- 
deavor. They were closely allied 
to several nations about them, 
yet they took the lead of them all 
and very early became the teach- 
ers of mankind by developing the 
theories of a few into the practices 

of many. Other nations were 
tried by very much the same in- 
fluences, before and after Grecian 
supremacy, but none swept to 
empire with that steady increase 
of political influence and intellec- 
tual life which characterized the 
Greeks, even before the star of 
foul ambition had dawned and 
revealed to despots the helpless 
condition of surrounding nations. 
They were the first to persuade 
men that obedience to law was 
not servitude, but that it was the 
necessary duty of man in this and 
the life to come. Their influence 
was steady from the first, increas- 
ing year by year, till finally 
Athens, their chief city, became 
the capital, or alma mater of the 
intellectual world, — the acknowi- 
ed fountain from which flowed 
"along the slopes of time" with 
ceaseless gurgle, the silvered 
stream of philosophy and an 
adaptable literature. Unlike other 
nations when conquered, the 
Greeks, with the sword of philoso- 
phy, poetry, art and science, di- 
rected by their resistless genius, 
still rushed on to higher and more 
imperishable victory. Not even 
the pliancy of servitude could 
wrest from them the spirit to as- 
similate, investigate and to pursue 
all former thought beyond the 
boundaries of previous investiga- 
tion. Hence it is, we find, amid 
the remains of his untiring re- 
search, so many of the elements 



that characterize the progressive 
career of his own civilization. 

In that early period, before the 
" glad tidings of great joy" had 
come to the Gentile nations of 
earth, the Greeks recognized the 
fact that there were joined to the 
destiny of man, many problems 
whose solution was beyond the 
possibilities of reason, if it were 
left to grope its way through the 
labyrinths of conjecture. They 
connected these problems to the 
ordinary things around them and 
invested them with personalities 
rich in ideal pictures. 

Under the circumstances, con- 
sidering their geographical sur- 
roundings, their peculiar tempera- 
ment, so intensified by the exer- 
cise of imagination, and the gene- 
ral idea man at that time had of 
futurity, it would have been quite 
impossible for the Greeks to have 
had any other than the religion 
I they professed.' Their apprecia- 
tion of courage, their admiration 
for symmetry, their ideals of beau- 
ty and their inordinate love of 
novelty led them to worship he- 
roes, to fill lakes, rivers, valleys, 
groves, and mountains with many 
gods whom they reverently glori- 
fied with a halo of legend and 
metaphor which charmed the su- 
perstitious ear of listening nations, 
while they traced their own genius 
by faith's credulous finger to some 
celestial origin. They groped 
their way through the darkness 

which enveloped them, formula- 
ting theories and conjecturing 
possibilities, till eventually they 
began to look upon death as the 
"spreading of pinions," to soar 
aloft and meet the celestials at 
their banquets in the "brazen 
based mansions" above the clouds. 
They came to believe that there 
was a god for each sentiment or 
inclination of human nature, and 
that he hovered about them, 
guarding with equal and zealous 
care all the gates of love, hope, 
revenge, jealousy, gratitude, and 
friendship. This was the all-per- 
vading idea that gave life and 
hope to every nerve of pleasure, 
that robbed melancholy of its 
pensive gloom and gilded sorrow, 
grief and misfortune, with the sun- 
shine of forgetfulness. It was 
this that quickened their enrapt- 
ured t fancy, and passed them 
through the iron portals of reality 
into ideal gardens filled with pic- 
tures of oriental splendor. The 
star that guided them amid pros- 
perous and victorious scenes, still 
continued to shine through the 
long twilight of servitude to which 
Imperial Rome reduced them ; for 
when their dauntless valor was 
overwhelmed by Roman might, 
and the Greeks kneeled at het 
feet, abject, cringing slaves, in th< 
lowest depths of national degra 
dation, they still compelled thei] 
imperious mistress to bow reve 
rently at the shrines of Zeus 


l 9 

lermes, Ares, and, indeed, to 
lmost the entire category of 
Grecian gods. Who has the 
ardihood to deny that Greece 
hrough the influence of her litera- 
ls re, religion,— force of character, 
id not more effectually conquer 
he Romans than she herself had 
een conquered? Another distin- 
uishing feature of the Greek 
as, no matter where he was car- 
ed by ambition, research, curi- 
sity. conquest or subjugation, he 
miained a Grecian, retaining his 
lanners, religion, language, litera- 
lre, arts, eloquence, poetry and 
ersonal individuality. But in the 
ilness of time, after centuries of 
unptation, scattered over the 
orld on fated missions of con- 
jest, they became enervated by 
le contagious,influences of folly, 
leness, luxury and licentious- 
j|s, and then, and not till then, 
as the land of Helen, with 
)undaries marked by a patriotic 
id frugal ancestry struck from 
ie maps of the world — fell from 
e Alpha to the Omega of na- 
ps, bequeathing to posterity its 
iperishable history. 
The three most prominent char- 
ters in shaping Grecian destiny, 
linking and identifying their 
/ilization with that of all subse- 
lent time, are Socrates, Phidias 
d Alexander. Without these 
mes and their influence upon 
•eece, the history of the world 
uld never have been what it is. 

Socrates was the noblest pagan 
the world ever produced. The 
imperishable 'grandeur of his ex- 
alted nature raised him far above 
his fellow-man, upon whose faults 
and frailties he looked through 
pity's tears with almost super- 
human forgiveness. By intuition 
he grasped the central idea of our 
civilization, and became the first 
martyr ever sacrificed upon the 
reeking altar of Polytheism. The 
example of such a man, at such a 
time-, almost startles us with 
wonder. His teaching, his re- 
search, and his character, all show 
him to have been one in whose 
heart "passion and purity met 
like red and white in the bosom 
of a rose," — one who yielded his 
life to his principles as freely as 
the flower gives its bosom to the 
"amorous kisses of the morning 
sun." When Paul, standing be- 
fore Agrippa, loaded with bonds, 
looked back over the triumphs of 
conscience, he saw in Socrates an 
example to nerve him against the 
short-lived decrees of tyranny; 
and Luther, the grand, central, 
immortal^figure at the Diet of 
Worms caught the inspiration of 
the old heathen philosopher, and 
electrified the world with his bold 
utterances in the hallowed' name 
of religious liberty. Phidias, the 
greatest sculptor that ever touched 
the " rough Ashler," breathed, as 
it were, upon its cold surface the 
likeness of the human form with 



a fidelity that "marks him the 
perfect man." All. the modern 
forms of statuary that adorn our 
art-galleries, museums, and sacred 
places, received at his hands an 
impetus which the ravages and 
fluctuations of time have never 
been able to check. The white 
shaft, commemorating the deeds 
of heroes, and keeping their illus- 
trious examples fresh in the 
memory of succeeding generations, 
is the product, or I might say, the 
monument of this all but inspired 
man. Without Phidias and his 
contemporaries, showing the tri- 
umphs of the chisel over voiceless 
marble, the history and influence 
of this powerful factor in our 
civilization could have been writ- 
ten in a few simple sentences. ' 

The nation in the time of Alex- 
ander had reached a culminating 
point, so to speak, and only need- 
ed an Alexander to impress itself 
upon the world around, and " all 
coming ages." He found many 
circumstances congenial to his in- 
ordinate ambition, and as soon as 
he became a leader , he created 
others, by the overpowering spirit 
of his imperious nature. Like all 
other heroes of antiquity or of 
modern times, his brilliant genius 
and restless spirit suggested the 
means for overcoming and con- 
trolling every obstacle that oppos- 
ed him. In his case, however, in- 
stead of a gradual development of 
the master schemes of lofty ambi- 

tion, his plans were put into exe 
cution as soon as conceived, ani 
he swept on to universal empir 
even before he himself was awar 
of his splendid achievements. H 
stamped his name upon histor 
with such splendid victories as t 
eclipse all former conquests, an 
render obscure the accomplisl 
ment of subsequent commander 
Every effort he put forth confirn 
ed the oracle that guided his re 
olutionary footsteps, and yielde 
him the diadem worthy only 
being worn by the " last Herculi 
of the Greeks." 

The commercial centres he 

tablished and the colonies 

founded, in their final effects upc 

the actions of men, were fraug 

with an importance that touchi 

the horizon of every age ai 

clime ; and though at his death r 

empire fell in pieces, yet the effec 

of his career have remained, a: 

will remain, as a powerful agent 

the solution of the great probh 

of the world's advancement. 

is vain to attempt to estimate t 

results of his victories, for doul 

less, we could, by a little appli< 

tion, trace the ripples, many 

which he started till they break 

waves upon the shores of ouro 

civilization. He seems to hi 

been a chosen instrument of G 

to scatter the Greek throughc 

the civilized (?) world, to prep 

the nations for the New Rev< 

tion that was to come, and to 



jduce to the world a civilization | 
lich should be the proud boast J 
er all the centuries gone, being I 
ided by the lone star that first j 
nt its welcome, silver beams over 
e hills of " Judea about Bethle- 

God chose their language to re- J 
al His " last Will and Testa- j 
ent " to all the nations of earth, ' 
•cause He knew it possessed a : 
:auty, power of expression and 
general charm of interest that j 
Duld invite the scholar's deepest 
ncern in " the Lamb that was 
lin for the sins of the world." 
jt why follow further the stately 
eppings of a nation, almost every 
le of whose history glows with 
ie recital of some heroic deed, or 
ime excellence surpassing all pre- 
ous endeavor. Their sculptors 
iuched the cold, unhewn stone 
id it stood forth in life-like real- 
y ; their orators poured forth a 

stream of impassioned eloquence 
whose resistless tide swept every- 
thing before it like a torrent, fed 
by a cloud-burst ; their painters 
appreciated all the beauties of na- 
ture and left upon canvass ample 
evidence that they had but one 
rival, and that one, the "Creator of 
the world and all therein" ; their 
poets sang a lullaby that has 
charmed all succeeding genera- 
tions with its rhythm, purity and 
sweetness ; their philosophers har- 
vested all the fields of thought 
and scattered the sheaves to the 
uttermost parts of the earth, and 
the dauntless spirit of their hero- 
ism in the defile of Thermopylae 
and on the haunted plain of Ma- 
rathon has furnished examples to 
stimulate the wavering, to give 
courage to the cowardly, strength 
to the weak, and liberty to the op- 
pressed of every nation. 

O. C. Odell. 


Not long ago two prominent 
len, who had been boys together, 
ad had been separated in after life, 
let in a hotel in Washington City, 
'he one was Supreme Court 
udge, the other Governor of one 
f the Western States. Upon 
;gistering his name, the Judge 
aw just above it the name of the 
ompanion of his boyhood days, 

and snatching up a piece of paper 
directed to him the following lines: 

"Jerry, dear Jerry, I've met you at last ; 
And memory, burdened with scenes of the 

Goes back to old Somerset's Mountains of 

When you were but Jerry and 1 was but Joe." 

The scene of their meeting can- 
not well be described, for awhile 



all dignity and reserve were for- 
gotten, and they were boys again, 
chasing the rabbit l amid "old Som- 
erset's Mountains of snow." Thus 
it is that however far one may be 
from the scenes of his youth, how- 
ever changed may be his condi- 
tion in life, there will be moments 
when he feels that he is once more 
gazing upon the familiar objects 
of his childhood. 

In Lenoir county, about ten 
miles from the pretty little town 
of Kinston, on the banks of the 
Neuse, is an old farm house in 
which the writer has spent his 
happiest days. I may not be an 
impartial judge, but it does seem 
to me if Nature ever did lend her 
charms to aid in making a place 
beautiful, she did not fail to do so 
there. Even the red men, Ameri- 
ca's native sons, did not fail to 
observe this, as they built their 
village here. 

The house is situated about fifty 
yards from the river, whose high 
and almost perpendicular banks 
completely hide the stream from 
view. On a bright, sunshiny day 
the water glitters and sparkles 
like a thousand gems ; and a great 
many years ago it seems to have 
been the favorite resort of the In- 
dian, whose birch-bark canoe 
gently drifted with the stream, as 
he caught the shining fishes from 
its depth. On its banks the chil- 
dren of the wigwam first learned 

to shoot the wild duck, and t< 
chase the jack-rabbit in pursuit o 
his morning's meal. No mon 
will the beaver build its dam alon^ 
its margin, for at the approach o 
the white man it departed to 
warmer clime, and now only indi 
cations of its existence may b< 
seen. The sturgeon, too, which 
in the Indian language is callec 
Nama, rarely ever makes his ap 
pearance in its upper waters, bu 
prefers to remain in his safe, but 
less attractive quarters near thu 

I fancy myself once more sit 
ting on its mossy banks, while th< 
gentle breezes, coming from the 
woods on the opposite side, bring 
with them the smell of the yellow 
jessamine, sparkle-berry, and wild 
haw. Perhaps where yonder sa::d 
bar juts out into the stream, th< 
Indian maidens paused near the 
brink to bathe in the silvery water 
resembling so many mermaids. I 
can see them now as they unfold 
their long, silky black hair and 
modestly blush to see their sym 
metrical forms reflected in the 
water beneath. Over there, where 
can now be seen waving fields o 
wheat, tradition says the Indian 
village stood. From yonder giant 
oak the Indian mother would sus 
pend her papoose and gently sing 
tc it a fond lullaby as it swayed 
to and fro in the breeze. In that 
pasture, where you now see feed 




ng a flock of sheep, the red man 
mnted the row-buck, while the 
loot of the owl and the scream of 
he night-hawk made music for 
lis ear. Near that thicket on the 
eft, rising up by degrees into a 
nound, an Indian burial ground 
s seen. Here mighty chiefs were 
aid away in the cold, damp earth 
dong with their bow and arrows, 
jbmahawk and hunting knife, 
vhich were thought to be use- 
ul to their former owner when 
le reached the happy hunting 
grounds of 'his forefathers. For 
iix centuries they have remained 
n these solitudes, and there is 
leard no sound save the whippor- 
jvill's song and the melancholy 
nusic of the pines. 

At night the Indian prophet 
would gather around him the 
simple children of the forest, and 
on gazing up into the heavens at the 
North star, would foretell to them 
the future welfare of their nation. 
That whole valley was then dotted 
with wigwams, and in the early 
morning when the sun darted out 
her first beams and dispelled the 
dark shadows, the smoke from 
them would go curling up to the 
blue sky, causing the big chief- 
tain, beholding it at a distance, to 
be happy and have a feeling of 

confidence in the strength of his 
tribe. The wildcat's wail had no 
terror for the young Indian chief 
as he gamboled in the forest, and 
he would laugh in scorn on hear- 
ing a copper-head hissing in the 

But I am wandering from my 
subject. All around this historic 
old place are the remains of a con- 
quered and extirpated race. Clay 
vessels, pipe stems, arrow-heads, 
broken tomahawks, and even In- 
dian beads can still be plowed up 
out of the mellow earth. 

But now all these things have 
changed. The surrounding for- 
ests that were once teeming with 
game of various kinds, have nearly 
all disappeared. Truly the wood- 
man's axe can work wondrous 
things ! No more will the copper- 
colored' visage of the red man be 
seen as he leaps along in pursuit 
of the deer ; no more will the 
young brave make love to the 
willing object of his affections, for 
to the advance of the white man 
and civilization, the plain and 
simple habits of the red man had 
to o-jve way, and now all that 
remains of a once happy and con- 
tented people, is a few shivering 
and starving wretches among the 


Foy Hyde. 

2 4 



E. P. Withers. 

— Earthquakes, cyclones and 
anarchists are enough to tear any 
country asunder. 

— The Anglomaniacs of New 
York turn up their trousers when 
ever it rains in London. 

— We hope every student will 
subscribe to and by all means pay 
for the MAGAZINE.. As a sub- 
scriber you are a nuisance if you 
don't pay. 

— Mentally and otherwise the 
editor of this department is "under 
the weather." He hasn't, recov- 
ered from his summer's spree. He 
asks for indulgence. 

— Everybody on " the hill " 
seems to be badly mashed. Even 
the staid Wilson has it bad, and as 
for the Savage, he's been to the 
station six times to see his girl, 
and hasn't seen her yet. 

— TlIE dude, a ridiculous farce 
on a chattering ape, is almost ex- 
tinct. This generation brought 
him forth, and this generation, dis- 
gusted, will consign him to eter- 
nal and deserved oblivion. 

— The gentlemen who owe the 
MAGAZINE are respectfully asked 
to pay up. We are pecuniarily 


— LOAFING at the cross roads 
grogshop, drinking mean whiskey 
and swearing at the weather is the 
approved method many farmers 
adopt to farm in our progressive 
South. Is it strange they are ever 
in debt, dissatisfied, and dis- 
gruntled ? 

— It is about time to put a limit 
on immigration, and to shut out 
our European scum as well as our 
Asiatic vermin. To exclude the 
thrifty and peace-loving Chinese 
and to freely admit the murderous, 
cowardly, beer-guzzling scoundrels 
of the MOST type is supreme 

— We earnestly hope the Fac- 
ulty, the Societies and the Alum- 
ni will come to our aid. The Mag-. 
AZINE is not self-supporting if de- 
pendent upon students and adver- 
tisers, and it is little encourage- 
ment to the editors to have a debt 
left over from last year hanging 
over us with no prospect of pay- 
ing: it off. 



— SOME men are negligent about 
paying their newspaper subscrip 
tions, some can't pay and some 
can but wont pay. These last 
have swindled the editor out of 
what is justly due him and are 
therefore swindlers, and men who 
swindle editors will swindle any- 
body else. This applies to col- 
lege magazines as well as to news- 

Two Wise Decisions. 

The Chicago judge and jury 
'have decided that the Anarchists 
must hang. 

The officials of the Knights of 
Labor have decided that the boy- 
cott and the mob are not the 
means by which they must obtain 
their fellow laborers' rights. 

These are two wise decisions. 


This department is for the first 
time under the present editor's 
charge. He asks that his short 
comings, which are many, be pass- 
ed over with as much leniency as 
possible in this, his first number. 

We will, to the best of our abil- 
ity, fulfill the duties imposed upon 
us - It is our purpose to try to 
improve this department of the 
Magazine. It seems heretofore 
to have been looked upon merely 
as an empty honor (if it can be so 
•called) and its editor considered 

his duty fulfilled if he emitted 
with each number one or two 
worthless articles, which had bet- 
ter been omitted. The latter half 
of last year was a notable excep- 
tion to the usual state of things. 
The editor then in charge made it 
superior to the editorial depart- 
ment of any college magazine 
that exchanged with us. We hope 
to keep up this improvement, at 
least to keep it above the old 
standard. We consider the edito- 
rial department as the channel 
through which the editor may ex- 
press his opinions and convictions 
on any subject if he so desires. We 
intend to express our opinion. In 
a word we are going to attempt to 
edit the Magazine as it should be 
edited and if we fail we shall re- 
sign and make way for one who 
can do so. 

A "Broad" Minister. 

The minister who dances regu- 
larly at the Warm Springs and 
who say's that he is neither "High" 
nor "Low" but "broad," seems to 
us to be rather too broad. In fact 
his breadth must be such that he 
is unable to hold any religion. 

Dancing, as is indulged in at 
summer resorts, is not hurt with 
modesty, but is rather a delicious 
" hug " in which both the hugger 
and the hugged seem to enjoy 
themselves immensely, especially 
the hugging part. Now to see a 



man who professes to be a minis- 
ter of the Gospel, not only encour- 
aging but engaging in this, is per- 
nicious and demoralizing, and 
about the next thing we may ex- 
pect to hear from this minister 
will be that he is engaged in a 
quiet little game, fifty dollars a 
side, or is on a roaring drunk, en- 
gaged in religiously painting the 
town red. Such men bring dis- 
credit and disrepute on religion 
and ought to be summarily 

To the Alumni. 

We appeal to you gentlemen, 
you who have graduated from this 
institution, and who have never 
lost your affection for your Alma 
Mater and its literary societies, to 
subscribe to the Magazine. It 
will bring back the reminiscences 
of the past when you were here 
as students, it will tell you how 
the dear old institution has pros- 
pered, it will give you an. insight 
into college life as it now is at the 
institution of which you were once 
a member. 

It is the college organ and 
ought to be maintained as every 
college has its magazine. But it 
cannot be maintained unless you 
with the Faculty and Societies 
come to its aid. 

Will you do so ? 

A Terrible Disease. . 

A plague is in college which is 
terrible in its destructiveness. No 
unmarried man escapes, at least 
but very, very few. Students are 
doing nothing but pining and pin- 
ing until nothing but a hideous 
skeleton remains. You ask what 
can be the cause ? Why every- 
body is in love. 

The Senior Class are a set of 
dreamers Avith listless air and far- 
away look, and swear they will 
marry immediately after gradua- 
ting, while the Juniors are utter- 
ly despairing, as their graduation 
is two years hence, the Sophs, 
wont wait and the Freshmen, well, 
there's no telling what the Fresh- 
men will do, they are perfectly 
wild. Even the unmarried Profes- 
sors have got it, and the Editors 
are completely demoralized (ex- 
cept this one, he never gets that 

Ten Sophomores will marry 
Christmas, and nearly every Fresh- 
man. There's one lone student in 
college (C. G. F.) who is not in 
love — the aforesaid editor always 
beir;g excepted— and he has been 
trying thirty-five years and has 
failed every time, and he has come 
to the conclusion that nobody 
wants him. The state of things is 
awful and the faculty have ordered 
ten specialists from New York to- 
treat the more serious cases. 







Stephen B. Weeks. 

When. the students left the Hill 
for their homes last June it seemed 
as if there was a long time before 
them in which they could rest 
from their labors and enjoy them- 
selves — some in hunting and fish- 
ing, some in tramping the moun- 
tains, some in reading, and some, 
perhaps, in speaking that language 
which " is never loud," or in listen- 
ing to the same sweet notes as 
they fell from the lips of some 
one of " Nature's lovely dears." 
But this pleasant holiday time is 
now passed. The class of '86 has 
scattered, and they will perhaps, 
never all meet again. Some are 
working at home, some studying 
law, some teaching, one is at the 
University of Virginia, four are 
here — two in the law department 
and two are taking English. The 
places of the others are now va- 
cant — we no longer see their fa- 
miliar places in the chapel. But 
the world moves on, and their 
places will soon be filled by others, 
and we will be left behind in the 
race for fame and fortune unless 
we work. 

To one who is almost a novice, 
the duties of an editor present 
something appalling, but they 

must be met, so, hoping that you 
will give us your kind support in 
the work, we resume our editor's 
chair and begin our notes on the 
happenings in college during the 
session of '86 and '87. 

The Freshmen are numerous 
this year. We are glad to see so 
many of them. The prospects are 
as bright as at any time since the 
re-ppening. They are treated 
more as gentlemen than at any 
previous time. Last year's action 
of the Faculty had a salutary effect 
on the rising Sophomores. There 
are now some eighty on the Hill. 


A larger proportion of the old 
students have returned than usual. 
The post-graduates in all depart- 
ments — law, chemistry, teaching, 
and English number thirteen. The 
Seniors have twenty-two out of 
twenty-nine Juniors last year ; the 
present Juniors have twenty out 
of thirty-five Sophomores ; the 
Sophomores forty-two out of 
fifty-three Freshmen. 

Mr. Eben Alexander, the new 
Professor of Greek, is at present 
occupying the room opposite the 



Biological Laboratory and adjoin- 
ing Prof. Henry's room — first 
■floor, N. E. B. The room has 
been fitted up, somewhat, and has 
been furnished with chairs. Is it 
not about time for us to abolish 
some of these abominable benches, 
anyhow ? We should like to ask 
the Professor of Hygiene how 
much of his lectures or any one 
else's a fellow can take down when 
he has such uncomfortable seats 
as those in the Natural History 
room — when he has to change his 
position twenty or thirty times a 
minute to prevent being cramped 
to death ? No wonder they get 
bored — the Professor would if he 
could have a little experience of 

this delightful sensation. 

•x- * 

Prof. J. Lee Love has given up 
the recitation room, N. W. B., 
first floor, east end, to ■ Prof. 
Graves, and now holds forth on 
Math, to groups of delighted 
Freshmen on the second floor of 
the Old East, middle entrance. 
This room has been used as dor- 
mitories during recent years, a 
partition having been put across 
it. It was used by Dr. Cbas. 
Phillips, as the Math, room in 
ante-bellum days, and it was here 
that in the thirties a fellow tried 
to shuffle off this mortal coil by 
fastening a rope into a staple, ty- 
ing the other end around the place 
just below the usual depository 
of the brain, and then jumping off 

the stove. He did not succeed, 
for some sympathizing soul came 
to his relief, and cut the rope, and 
he was restored to life only to be 
invited to leave college in a jiffy. 
The knot remained in the staple 
until a month ago. It was removed 
when the partition was taken out. 
It should be deposited in the 

N. B. Dr. Phillips says this chap 
had not fallen on Conies. 

The addition to Physics Hall is 
quite an improvement. It is built 
of brick, is joined at the end to 
the back of the old building,, and 
is of the same size. It has all the 
different rooms necessary for a 
full course in chemistry, metal- 
lurgy, &c. It is now about com- 
pleted, work having been begun 
on it in June, and will soon be 
ready for use. 

The laboratory under Smith 
Hall has been deserted. The gas 
pipes leading from- it to Physics 
Hall have been taken up and a 
new gas well has been sunk just 
north of the N. W. E. 

Dr. W. B. Phillips comes back to 
us from Germany fresh and ready 
for work. He is enthusiastic, and 
ready to put in practice his know- 
ledge gained at Freiburg. 

The libraries of the Literary 
Societies have been consolidated. 



A committee went over the libra- 
ries and condemned all books that 
were worn out or out of date, and 
these were allowed to remain in 
the old halls. All valuable ones 
were removed to Smith Hall, and 
this is now in reality the "Libra- 
ry" Building. The^ Phi. books 
are placed on the north side, the 
Di. on the south. The valuable 
books of the old University Libra- 
ry were divided about equally 
between them, and each Society 
has a new index. The alcoves 
have two cases each, and are num- 
bered with Roman capitals. The 
shelves of the cases are numbered 
with letters on the left and figures 
on the right. This makes refer- 
ence easy, having only to remem- 
ber the alcove and number of the 
case. At present it is kept open 
four hours Saturday and two 
hours every other day, except 
Sunday. As soon as practicable, 
it will be open all day. 

The consolidated library has an 
immense advantage over the old 
way, is kept open more, will be 
heated and will be a general resort 
for all those who have five or ten 
' minutes to spend. It will be much 
cheaper than the old way, because 
we will be able to buy three times 
as many books with the same 
amount of money, and there can 
now be some organized effort in 
buying the best books on the 
market, and this has never been 

attempted before. There are now 
in the library many duplicates 
which are unnecessary, and which 
came from having three sep- 
arate libraries. Had this con.- 
solidation taken place ninety years 
ago, we would have had a much 
larger collection now. There was 
some opposition to the consolida.- 
tion, but its opponents will soon 
see its advantages and will be 
compelled to come over. 


The Reading Room is very 
popular now. The boys go into 
into it and after awhile pass on 
into the library. The students of i 
German and French amuse them- ' 
selves by trying to read " Dcr 
Woclicnblatt , dcr . N. Y. Statts-Zei- 
tung" or "Fliegendc Blactter" and 
" Courier Etats Unis" It has 
also been made more useful by 
placing in it a set of the Encyclo- 
paedia Britannica, one of the En- 
cyclopaedia Americanna, a Web- 
ster's Unabridged, Dr. Thomas's 
Biographical Dictionary and Lip-' 
pincott's Gazeteer of the World. ; 

The Gymnasium was painted a 
little before Commencement, and; 
is now ready for all who are anx-, 
ious to become dumb-bell swing-- 
ers, or trapeze performers, or whol 
wish in any way to rival the an-; 
cient glories of great Greece. Herei 
is the place for the slim and frail: 
Fresh, to. develop himself into the' 



great double jointed, full chested 
Sophomore, ready to engage in 
any mad prank, even to that of 
tackling Conic Sections, the great- 
est and last enemy. 


The earthquake paid us a visit 
on the night of Tuesday, August 
31. It came with a deep, heavy, 
sullen roar like distant thunder, 
lasted about a minute and was 
gone. Many were deceived at 
first, thinking some one was using 
dumb-bells, dancing or rolling 
beds around, but they were soon 
undeceived. Window glass shook, 
lamps rattled and one chimney 
was shaken down in the village. 
The writer was on the fourth floor 
N. E., and the building swayed to 
and fro at a fearful rate, and it 
seemed but little more was want- 
ing to overthrow it. 

The boys were scared. They 
soon congregated in a few rooms 
and found in it food for thought 
and many conjectures were made 
as to the amount necessary to 
overthrow these heavy buildings 
and crush all their inmates. They 
had hardly separated when the 
second shock came and added 
fresh fuel to their . fear. They 
were scared now in earnest and 
began seeking what ought to have 
been terra-firma with the speed of 
lightning and were very loath to 
return to their rooms, thinking 
the ground safer. Some felt a 

third shock and some more than 
that. A slight shock lasting a 
minute was also felt on the fol- 
lowing Friday night. We may 
consider ourselves as fortunate 
and as specially and highly favored 
when so many around us suffered 
more or less and when Charleston 
not very far away was a scene of 
almost total wreck. 

' ■»" 
The Y. M. C. A. has commenced 
work for the year with the follow- 
ing officers: C. F. Smith, Presi- 
dent ; Hayne Davis, Vice-Presi- 
dent; Logan D. Howell, Cor. 
Secretary; Wm. B. . Ricks, Rec. 
Secretary ; D. J. Currie, Treasurer. 
They commenced work promptly 
the first week of the session, invi- 
ted the new students around to 
the evening meetings and a num- 
ber have been received as active 
members and prospects are bright 
for a session of good christian 
work. Let the members both 
new and old do their duty and 
their reward will be sure. The 
Sunday evening classes for Bible 
study are also at work. Their 
ranks have been recruited and 
study has commenced. They hold 
their meetings in the Y. M. C. A. 

The Temperance Association 
is working. At the time of the first 
meeting for this year, Sept. 2nd, 
some thirty new students became 
members and pledged themselves 



not to drink "any wine, beer whis- 
key or any other intoxicating 
drink while members of college." 
It is for them the association is 
mostly intended. They are the 
ones who are most likely to fall 
into bad habits. The officers this 
year are: Jos. A. Morris, Presi- 
dent; A. M. Simmons, Vice-Presi- 
dent ; John W. Graham, Secretary. 

The Senior class wishing to be 
distinguished from their younger 
brethren of the class of 1890 hive 
adopted a class hat. It is a hand- 
some black beaver and we con- 
gratulate them on their good 

The editor attended the last 
session of the Teachers' Assem- 
bly of North Carolina, held at 
Black Mountain, June 22 — July 6. 
Through the energy and persever- 
ance of Mr. Eugene G. Harrell, 
reduced rates were secured on all 
the railroads and he acted as 
general manager of the meeting. 
Black Mountain is a little station 
seventeen miles east of Asheville 
and is the point of railroad nearest 
Mt. Mitchell. It is a very small 
village consisting of a few little 
shops .and a hotel. As far as ac- 
commodations are concerned this 
hotel would hardly do credit to 
the chief of the Cherokees or to a 
petty prince of negroland. There 
were more than 600 people in at- 
tendance from thirteen states. 

Three sessions were held every 
day and the most practical meth- 
ods of teaching were discussed. 
There were other teachers there 
beside those regularly employed 
and one of these was that shy 
little god whom the ancients made 
the son of Venus and husband of 
Psyche and he too had a large 
following. Dr. R. H. Lewis, Presi- 
dent of Kinston College and a 
member of the class of 1852. pre- 
sided over the meetings. Much 
interest was manifested in the 
work and many teachers went 
away doubtless better prepared 
for their work in the future. We 
saw many U. N. C. boys there, 
some of them being the foremost 
educators in the State, among 
them were : Jas. A. Delke, LL. D. 
class 41, of Thomasville Female 
College ; E. A. Alderman, class 
'82, now principal of the Golds- 
boro Graded Schools. He was 
elected president of the Assembly 
for the years 1 886— '87 during the 
sessions ; B. C. Mclver, '85 ; W. 
H. Thompson, '83 ; J. D. Miller, 
'84; A. W. Long, '85, Prof, of 
Eng. Lang, and Lit. in Trinity 
College; E. D. Monroe, '84; Dr. 
T. W. Harris, '58 ; M. Butler, '85 ; 
Jenkins, '86 and M. C. S. Noble. 
The scenery around Black Moun- 
tain is grand. Nature has lavished 
her gifts on this section and has 
piled hill on hill until they rise in 
towering greatness and proclaim : 
" the hand that made us is divine." 



We went "to Mt. Mitchell and 
climbed to the very top. There 
in his lonely cairn rests the great 
and good man who has gone be- 
fore, for months his tomb is un- 
disturbed by the foot-steps of man 
and he rests alone in his glory. 
He is gone but not forgotten, his 
example still lives and long may 
the memory of his devotion to 
duty, to science and to religion 
grow green in the hearts of the 
sons of the land he loved so well. 

Vacation Jottings —College and 

Simmons, Foust, Smith and 
Rice remained all the summer on 
the Hill. 

Jodie Morris returned the last 
of June, after spending two or 
three weeks at home. He came 
to study, but studied, visited and 

Manning remained until the 
middle of July and started home, 
visiting L. Grandy, at Oxford, on 
the way. 

Simmons, Jenkins, Weeks and 
Dr. Harris attended the Teachers' 
Assembly at Black Mountain. 
Miss Lizzie Harris and Mrs. 
Weathersby were also in attend- 

Brother Wade is still here, said 
he might leave and go to Texas 
again if he got lonesome. Guess 
his machine kept him company. 

Wills returned in a few weeks 
and taught near Orange Church. 

The libraries were consolidated 
during the summer, and this gave 
employment to some whose time 
hung heavily on their hands. Prof. 
Love made out the new catalogue 
of the Di. books, and John Clem- 
mons, the college scrivener, that 
of the Phi. Smith was vacation 
librarian for the Phi. and Willie 
Battle for the Di., while Prof. 
Love represented the interests of 
the University. 

Ernest Mangum, -A. M. (U: N. 
C. '86,) was at home most of the 
time. He left about the middle 
of August for Kin st on, N. C. 

V. W. Long traveled for the 
Winston Sentinel and went to 
Washington with the Press Asso- 
ciation. He also acted as fighting 
editor of the MAGAZINE while vis- 
iting western N. C. 

" Big Pat " crammed up chem- 
istry and geology, stood on them, 
got through and then took his 
place as the twenty-sixth man (in 
numbers) in the class of 'S6. 

Knucks flourished. Its follow- 
ing was much reduced. " Dick," 
"Jincks," "Coon," "Judge," "Hal," 
"Mot," "Mac," and "Bullet" 
were gone ; but the devotion of 
the remainder made up for the 
loss in some measure. 

Father Wade sung, read the- 
ology and put in practice the 
thing next to godliness. 



Little staid on the Hill about 
' two weeks." 

Simmons read English Litera- 
:ure and novels. 

Dan Miller, '84, spent the sum- 
Tier on the Hill. 

Prof, and Mrs. Love visited his 
Other's family at Gastonia. 

The Gymnasium was much used 
>y the few that were here. 

Peter Rice read two books of 
:he JEneld and shot knucks. 

Some of the boys were dele- 
gates to the State Convention. 

Miss Mary Lee Martin visited 
ler aunt and cousins at Beaufort. 

Simmons moved into Prof. 
roy's rooms and kept house for 

Alexander studied law and 
.aught school in the office on the 
5wain lot. 

The campus was taken by the 
*irls. You could see bevies of the 
aeauties at every turn. 

The reading room was visited 
more frequently by the citizens 
than during the session. 

Miss Fannie Phillips, of Washi- 
ngton, D. C, spent the summer 
vvith her cousin, Miss Susie. 

Sid Woodard was here during 
August and it seems he was try- 
ing to pluck a beautiful flower. 

Miss Fannie Cunninggim spent 
:he summer at home. She is 
again attending Peace Institute. 

For information as to the quar- 
ter of the heavens in which the 
moon rises and sets, apply to Mr. 
A. M. S., class '87. 

Herring, Weeks and Wilkes 
Caldwell shot mad dogs (as they 
thought,) while Bro. Wade acted 
the part of a second Bergh. 

Miss Flora Belle Thompson 
went to Statesville and will remain 
there until Christmas, and "Peter" 
is disconsolate here forever more. 

Bob Stroud, matriculate of '82, 
with his accomplished young wife, 
nee Miss Fannie Headen, has 
moved into his new house near 

Jodie Morris practiced music, 
rising early (4 o'clock), " going 
down " and tuning up. He in- 
tended to play the role of a night- 
hawk, hoping to catch a bird. 

One edition of the new Phi. 
Register has been issued" for fur- 
ther additions and corrections. 
Nath. Wilson is working on the 
Di. at his home in Greensboro. 

Prof. Henry took in nearly all 
of the Normal schools and Teach- 
ers Assemblies' in . the State, 
making speeches, giving instruc- 
tion and encouragement wherever 
he went. 

The summer law class had eight 
members, as follows: Edmund 
Alexander, R. L. Cooper, T. N. 
Hill, C R. Johnson, T. R. Ran- 
som. S. L. Scull, A. D. Ward and 
Julian Wood. 



The library has 16,500 volumes 
by actual count. This excludes 
some 2,500 public documents. 
The valuable books of the old U. 
N. C. library were divided between 
the Societies. 

Dunston staid on the Hill two 
weeks after commencement, in- 
tending to go to the Teachers' 
Assembly, but failing to receive 
his certificate of membership in 
time he went home instead. 

Mr. Foster Utley, the college 
janitor, who is known to all the 
boys who have been here since 
the forties, had the misfortune to 
break his arm while working in the 

Gus Long came home in July 
and spent a few weeks with his 
mother and her family. While in 
the mountains he and Dr. Harris 
indulged in a good deal of trout 
fishing — also trout stories 

E. D. Monroe came up in July 
and was snon afterwards taken 
with a case of intermittent fever. 
For some days he was in a very 
critical condition, but he came 
through, and is ' now in almost 
perfect health. 

Prof. Hume spent a part of the 
summer at the home of his wife's 
father, at Waynesboro', Va., mak- 
ing occasional trips to Richmond 
and other places and making prac- 
tical and pointed talks on the use 
and value of English in prepara- 
tory schools. 

Josh sold books and was suc- 
cessful too. He had a severe case 
of rheumatism in his left arm and 
was compelled to go home. We 
hope he has recovered by this 
time. For the latest rat story 
apply to him. 

Among the visitors on the Hill 
during the summer, we have seen 
Dr. Henry E. Shepherd, of 
Charleston College, with his lady, 
daughter, Miss Lillie, and son Hal ; 
Mrs. E. G. Gayles, of Goldsboro ; 
Miss Mary Simmons, of Hyde 
county ; Mr. and Mrs. Willett, of 
New Berne ; and Mr. Barbee, of 
Tennessee. The Misses Roberts,, 
of New Berne, spent some time 
with their aunts, Misses Hattie 
and Cattie Cole and Mrs. Taylor. 

The library has more uses than 
one. During one quiet afternoon 
when the birds were singing in 
the trees and all nature wore a 
smile of joy, the deep and manly 
tones of a law student were heard 
speaking that " language which 
brings forgetfulness to all beside." 
He plead long and earnestly, ask- 
ing her to be his own and promis- 
ing to be all in all to her, and then 
the answer came in tones low, but 
firm : "I can't, I am too young ; I 
must ask papa." 

Simmons is a betting man. 
When at Black Mountain he 
offered to bet a young lady a box 
of candy that she could not ride a 
mule. She accepted the wager. 



Not long after he reached home 
there arrived a formidable look- 
ing letter. It was not sent to him, 
but to a friend of both parties. 
The letter began : " Office of clerk 
of superior court, Swain county, 
North Carolina," and went on to 
say that the aforesaid young lady 
had appeared before him and 
made affidavit that she had ridden 
an animal seven miles, which, by 

the common consent of all the zo- 
ologists of that section was known 
as a mule. The letter further went 
on to say what the wager was, 
and instructed the friend to col- 
lect the debt out of Mr. S., and 
hinted that there might be a law 
suit if he did not pay. The friend 
promptly began collecting. Mr. 
S. paid the debt without a word, 
and said he was glad it was not $5. 



Personal Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 

— Tarboro still ahead. 

- — Ed. Alderman, class of '82, 
paid us a visit a short time since. 

— The University opened Math 
90 freshmen and an earthquake. 

— Freshman (when he felt the 
s'hock) : " Save my Sunday breech- 
es !" 

— Prof. Weill, class '85, was with 
us a short time at the beginning 
of the session. 

— John Marshall came up and 
stayed with us a tew days. He is 
not going to join college this year 

— F. M. Little and J. J. Jen- 
kins, class '86, are spending a few 
days in their old haunts. 

— " Kesnich," (when he felt the 
earthquake): "Say you man down 
there! Stop digging under the 
side of this building." 

— A freshman started to throw 
his trunk out of the third story 
window to keep the earthquake 
from smashing it. 

— From afar comes the news 
that C. T. Alexander, a member 
of the class of '84, who went to 
West Point and then to Texas, is 
enjoying the bliss of married life. 
We wish him much happiness. 

— Prof. A. "Gentlemen, please 
don't expectorate while in the 
class room." Mr. S. " Prof., may 
I retire. I wish to expectorate." 

— The Salvation Army has been 
reorganized, and is having private 
drills preparatory to the grand 
dress parade to be given some 
time in the future. 

— We were much pleased to see 
the laughing face of " Old Bet " 
McEachin, who paid us a short 
visit. "Bet" is farming and is 
said to be one of the best farmers 
in Richmond county. 

— One of the townsmen, think- 
ing the earthquake was a burglar, 
jumped out of bed, seized a revol- 
ver, and yelled tragically, " Come 
out now or I'll blow you into 
atoms !" 

—Of the class who graduated 
last June, Cox, Bynum, R. Uzzell 
and Weeks are back on the hill. 
The two former to study law ; 
the latter to take post-graduate 

— Jno. C. Engelhard, member 
of class '85, is with us now. He 
will engage in business in Dur- 
ham, where he will introduce 
somctJiins. new. 



— Does any one know where 
Kirby H. is from, and why he 
came here ? 

■ — Thomas Ransom and Julian 
Wood, members class '85 and '84 
respectively, are with us studying 

— Capt. McAlister, class '82, is 
also studying law here. Since he 
graduated he has been teaching 
in Bingham's school. 

— John Atkinson has not been 
heard from lately. It is supposed 
that he committed suicide by 
jumping from the top of his collar. 

— Gus Self, class '86, is playing 
the guitar and working in the 
interest of science in Newton. He 
is undecided yet as to whether he 
will make this his business in life. 

— Prof. Toy spent the summer 
in Europe, Prof. Hume in Vir- 
ginia, Prof. Atkinson in the North. 
The rest of the Faculty spent most 
of the time at home. 

— The University opened this 
year with better prospects for a 

large number of students and a 
successful year than it has had in 
some time. The efforts of the 
Professors certainly deserve suc- 
cess. Each Professor seems to be 
endeavoring to make his the course 
of College. This, of course, tends 
both to raise the standard of 
scholarship and give greater ad- 
vantages to students, who take 
interest in getting as thorough an 
education as possible. The course 
in English deserves especial men- 
tion, because the Prof, in so short 
a time has elevated it from the 
least to the most comprehensive 
course in College. 

— Hazing is now a thing of the 
past. We have not heard the 
mischievous Sophomores even 
trying to "grin" the Freshman. 
This speaks well for the students 
as well as the Faculty, for it was 
not until the students combined 
with the Faculty in their efforts 
to stop it, that it was effectually 



Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery. 

The third edition of the Regis- 
ter of Members of the Philan- 
thropic Society is on our desk. It 
is a neat little pamphlet of thirty 
pages, printed by Edwards, 
Broughton & Co., Raleigh, N. C, 
containing the active members 
only from 1795 to 1886. It bears 
on the title page the following: 
" Register of the Members of the 
Philanthropic Society, instituted 
in the University of North Caro- 
lina August 1, 1795. Third edi- 
tion, revised. "Virtue, Liberty, 
and Science." Edited by Stephen 
B. Weeks, Class 1886." 

This will be a very valuable 
work when finished. Mr. Weeks 
has now been at work on it for 
more than two years, and hopes 
to complete it soon. The work 
has involved a vast amount of 
corresponding and other labor, 
but this has all been cheerfully 
endured, and every effort has been 
used to make it correct and full. 
It is impossible to print the first 
edition of anything like this with- 
out a number of mistakes. The 
Society foresaw it, and ordered 
this edition to be made. On the 
second page a circular letter to 
the Alumni is printed, as follows : 

Chapel Hill, N. C, 

July I, 1886. 

Dear Sir: I send you a ''ten- 
tative " copy of the new Register 
of the Philanthropic Society. 
This edition is issued with the 
special purpose of making the 
next one entirely correct. This 
copy is mailed you, therefore, with 
the request that you will take the 
trouble to go over it, making such 
corrections and additions as you 
are able. I ask your special at- 
tention to the names of those 
from your county, bo':h active 
and honorary, your classmates, 
relatives and friends. 

I WANT the occupation of each ; 
their present address ; all public 
offices they have held, from Mem- 
bers of the Legislature up, and 
the dates of their terms of office ; 
their highest position in the CON- 
FEDERATE States Army; all po- 
sitions as teachers in Institutions 
of Learning ; all honorary degrees 
received, the date and the institu- 
tion from which they were re- 
ceived, &c. If they are dead, 
give the year of their death. And 
in no case leave out anything in 
connection with YOURSELF which 
I have asked you to give. 

The Register cannot be made 
a success without your prompt 
aid. If you cannot do all that is 
asked, do what you can. As soon 
as these corrections are received 
a new edition will be issued. It 



will have nearly too pages, and 
ivill contain short sketches of our 
Alumni who fell in the service of 
the Confederate States. 

This letter explains fully the 
object of this special edition, and 
it is to be hoped that every Alum- 
nus will do all in his power to aid 
Mr. Weeks in making his work 
accurate. He has on hand a few . 
more copies of the Register which 
he will be glad to send to any 
Alumnus who thinks he can aid 
him in perfecting the lists. 

The time devoted to reading 
the September Brooklyn Magazine 
is well spent. It is bright and full 
of interest from cover to cover. 
An endless variety of articles is 
given, yet everyone is excellently 
written. An interesting glimpse 
is given of John G. Saxe, as he is 
in old age, confined to his room, 
forgotten by the world and almost 

" Reminiscenses of Holland 
House," by Henry C. Wilson, is 
an interesting description of the 
famous English house in which 
great literary and social lights as- 
sembled during its occupancy by 
the third Lord Holland. The as- 
sociations and memories of the 
place are well brought before the 
mind of the reader. Mrs. Henry 
Ward Beecher's second letter from 
England describes " In and about 
London," and narrates among 
other things a four-in-hand ride by 

Mr. Beecher and herself through 
the rural districts of England. 

There are some twenty or thir- 
ty more articles and poems given, 
ami besides all this array, is still 
further presented Mr. Beecher's 
sermons in England and Dr. Tal- 
ma^e's out-of-town sermons, a 
splendid literary feast. 

Address the Brooklyn Maga- 
zine, 7 Murray Street, New York. 

The Oak Leaf for August has 
reached our sanctum. We wel- 
come it among our exchanges. It 
is a sprightly journal, published as 
the organ of Oak Ridge Institute. 
We congratulate the editors upon 
its general make up. We respect- 
fully advise, however, that they 
keep under full control their fight- 
ing editor. He comes out in this 
issue in war paint. And with the 
pluck of a Caesar and the self-con- 
fidence of a Napoleon he com- 
mands the nations of earth to "be 
still !" 

Listen as he speaks : 

"Now it is little Mexico that is 
snubbing us. It is time we were 
asking ourselves " are we a na- 
tion ?" First Germany snubbed 
us through Bismark ; then Eng- 
land in the O'Donnell case; then 
Austria kicked Keilleyout of the 
front parlor; then Canada poked 
us under the ribs. Don't we need 
some backbone? 'Let us have 
peace ' by whipping somebody. 
We are that kind of a ' peace so- 
ciety.' " 



Keep cool my brother. Let us 
have peace. Think of the terri- 
rible results of a war on part of 
United States with these countries. 
" Come, let us reason together." 
Our fruitful fields now laden with 
abundant harvests would be un- 
tilled and go to waste. Cotton, 
our monopoly and chief articie of 
exportation, would droop and 
dwindle. Our sugar, rice and na- 
val stcres which now swell our 
commerce and increase our ton- 
nage would be comparatively un- 
seen and unfelt. All our indus- 
trial interests would languish ; our 
commercial facilities would be 
lost ; our magnificent rivers would 
flow to the ocean unincumbered 
with machinery and unused by 

"The waves would break in 
solitude in the silent magnificence 
of deserted wharves and shipless 
harbors." And the precious life 
blood of the Oak Leaf's fighting 
editor would be continually drawn 
amid the jungles of some un- 
known cave by the ever active 
mosquito. We repeat, sir, " Let 
us have peace !" 

Owing to the fact that a great 
majority of the colleges open in 
September, we have the pleasure 
of acknowledging receipt in this 
issue of only a very few exchanges. 
We welcome those that have come 
and will cheerfully exchange with 
them. It is our desire to get up 

a good list of exchanges among 
the college and other journals of 
our country. A little friendly crit- 
icism now and then, together with 
some good natured cross-firing 
would prove to be of interest, to 
say nothing of the healthy effects 
it might produce. We will be 
glad to exchange with those to 
whom we send this number of our 
MAGAZINE. If any are overlook- 
ed, just hold up your head and we 
will see you later. Brethren, let 
us hear from you. 

The September number of the 
Phrenological Journal is up to its 
usual standard. It contains many 
articles of interest. We notice 
especially that on the English 
Parliamentary leaders. 

Of Mr. Gladstone the writer 
naturally speaks .first. Confess- 
edly one of the two or three most 
distinguished statesmen of the 
age, and in some respects the 
greatest man of the time, it is not 
an easy matter for the phrenol- 
ogist to express an opinion of him 
that will be accounted by every- 
body as strictly impartial. How- 
ever, we clip from this piece a 
thoughtful sketch prepared some 
time ago by Prof. L. N. Fowler, 
whose residence in England has 
given him ample opportunities 
for studying the great Liberal. It 
is as follows : 

_ Mr. Gladstone's head is large, 
giving him predominating power ; 
yet he has a strong frame, a vig- 



>rous muscle, and a tenacious 
institution. His strong osseous 
system has a great regulating and 
)alancing influence, while his 
nuscular system aids to give 
itrength and stamina to his char- 
icter. He has not a superabun- 
iance of arterial and digestive 
orce, so that he does not show 
in excess of impulsiveness or ani- 
nal feeling; hence he does not 
)ften go beyond his strength. He 
hinks, talks, walks, and works 
vithout much friction. He has 
nore balance of power than most 
nen. He can take average views 
)f subjects, and does not delight 
n extremes of sensationalism. He 
las a great amount of force and 
executive ability, and has pluck 
endure hardships and even se- 
vere labor. His frame is as well 
idapted to physical exercise as 
lis brain is to the manifestation 
)f thought and feeling, and he 
nust have a distinct pleasure in 
vork. His head is prominent in 
:he crown and above the ears, 
jiving him an acute sense of char- 
icter, desire for position, influence 
ind appreciation, joined to a high 
iegree of perseverance and deter- 

His frontal lobe is long, and 
/ery fully developed, being partic- 
ularly large in the perceptive facul- 
:ies, which give him great range of 
observation, definite and correct 
Derception of things, their quali- 
:ies, conditions and uses ; the or- 
der and arrangement of things 
ind ideas, a ready power to esti- 
mate numbers, recall places, to ac- 
quaint himself with facts, and the 
"esults of experiment. His large 
Language, joined to his great va- 
*iety of knowledge, enables him 
:o express himself in a free, and 

easy, and copious manner. His 
very large Order, connected with 
his great discipline of mind, ena- 
bles him to arrange all his thoughts 
before utterance ; while his large 
Constructiveness and Ideality aid 
to give scope to his mental oper- 
ations, finish to his style of speak- 
ing, and ingenuity in the construct- 
ing of his sentences. His very 
large Comparison and Intuition 
give him great insight, penetra- 
tion and aptitude in getting at the 
essence of truth, together with 
great power of illustration, thus 
enabling him to make the most of 
his knowledge and experience. 

The strength of Mr. Gladstone's 
character, however, is in his moral 
brain. His portraits indicate that 
all the organs are full or large in 
development. Probably Hope is 
the smallest of the group. He is 
not given to extravagant anticipa- 
tion, and in making his plans he 
makes considerable allowance for 
failure. His hope is greater for 
the far than the near future. Con- 
scientiousness, Veneration, and 
Benevolence are all controlling 
faculties, and must have an abid- 
ing influence on character and mo- 
tive. He could never allow him- 
self to be governed by expedien- 
cy without doing violence to his 
nature. There is something of 
the Hebrew prophet in his moral 
composition. Naturally slow to 
adopt innovations and accept new 
ideas, he is conservative rather 
than revolutionary ; yet once pos- 
sessed of what appears to be a 
sense of duty, it is as if he 
were given a command from 
above to " go and do this thing." 
His large Cautiousness, together 
with his Conscientiousness, makes 
him hesitate in taking anew posi- 



tion or a fresh responsibilty ; but 
having taken the step he with- 
holds not his hand from the plow. 
Duty to God, duty to man, and 
duty to himself, as regards his al- 
legiance to truth, musthave always 
constituted the ultimate court of 
appeal in his character, and the de- 
cision therein come to, whether 
arrived at soon or late, compels 
his obedience, and having accept- 
ed a position, few men would more 
resolutely and steadfastly manifest 
the courage of their opinions. Mr. 
Gladstone might have been a more 

" popular " man, in the ordinary 
sense of the term, if he had more 
affability, suavity and bendingness 
of mind (if I may coin a phrase), 
but it is not easy for him to be 
" all things to all men." Life to 
him is " real " and very "earnest," 
and though his mental constitu- 
tion is such that he could have ex- 
celled in many spheres, he would 
not have been in his element save 
in one that brought him into di- 
rect contact with the actual prob- 
lems of life. 

"*■**» Hr JC.Butt* it™ . Da&w 



w 1 

iversity Magazine. 

October, 1886. 

Old Series Vol. XIX. 
New Series Vol. VI. 


No. 2. 


Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 


Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 



James Johnston Pettigrew was 
a son of the Hon. Ebenezer Pet- 
tigrew and Ann B. Pettigrew, and 
a grand-son of the Rev. Charles 
Pettigrew, the first Bishop Elect 
of the Diocese of North Carolina. 
He was born on the 4th of July, 
1828, at his father's residence, Bo- 
narva plantation, Lake Scupper- 
nong, in the county of Tyrrell, 
North Carolina, and died on the 
17th of July, 1863, at the resi- 
dence of a Mr. Boyd, Bunker's Hill, 
Virginia, a few miles from Mar- 
tinsburg, about twenty-two miles 
from Falling Waters, on the Po- 
tomac, at which place he had 
been mortally wounded on the 
morning of the 14th of July, on 

the retreat of General Lee, after 
the battle of Gettysburg. He 
was never married. 

He was prepared for the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina at the 
preparatory school of the late 
William J. Bingham, in Hillsboro, 
North Carolina; and was 'admit- 
ted into the Freshman class of the 
University in August of 1843, 
and graduated with the first dis- 
tinction in June of 1847, in a class 
of unusual ability. 

A few months after having 
graduated, at the request of Com- 
modore Maury, the Principal of 
the Naval observatory at Wash- 
ington City, he accepted a profes- 
sorship in that institution, at 



which he remained about eight 

He became a student of law in 
the office of James Mason Camp- 
bell in the autumn of 1848, in 
Baltimore, where he continued 
until the close of the year. He 
then became a student of law in 
the office of his distinguished rel- 
ative, the Hon. James L. Petti- 
grew, of Charleston, South Caro- 
lina. He obtained license to plead 
law in Columbia, South Carolina, 
in December, 1849. 

He went to Berlin in Europe, 
in January, 1850, to study the 
civil law, and to perfect himself 
still further in other branches of 
learning in the German Universi- 
ties. He devoted two years to 
these studies, and became thor- 
oughly acquainted with the lan- 
guages of Germany, France, Italy, 
and Spain, so that he could speak 
them fluently. He was also well 
acquainted with the Arabic lan- 
guage, so as to read and appre- 
ciate it ; also with the Hebrew. 
He then traveled over the various 
countries of Europe, as well as 
over England, Scotland and Ire- 

In 1852 he became, for a few 
months, Secretary of Legation to 
the Hon. Daniel M. Barringer, 
then Minister of the United States 
at the Court of Madrid, in Spain. 
He became especially partial to 
the Spanish people and their coun- 
try, and contemplated writing, at 

a future day, a History of the 
Moors in Spain, which subject, 
he thought, had not been exhaust- 
ed by the American writers, Ir- 
ving, Prescott, and Ticknor; for 
which purpose he collected a large 
number of Arabic and Spanish 
books, which were in his library 
at time of his death. In the win- 
ter of iS6i, he had printed in 
Charleston, for private circulation, 
an octavo volume of 430 pages, 
entitled " Spain and the Span- 
iards ;" which has been very much 
admired by everyone who has 
read it, for its learning, its re- 
search, and the elegance of its 

He returned to Charleston in 
November, 1852, and entered upon 
the practice of law with his rela- 
tive, James L. Pettigrew. 

He was chosen a member of 
the Legislature from the city of 
Charleston in December, 1856, 
and was a member of that body 
in the December of 1856 and the 
December of 1857. He rose to 
great distinction in that body by 
his speech on the orgnization of 
a Supreme Court, and by his re- 
port against the re-opening of the 
African slave-trade. He failed to 
be re-elected to the Legislature in 

For some years he had been 
looking forward to a rupture be- 
tween the Northern and Southern 
States. Even as far back as 1850 
he was desirous of becoming' an 



officer in the Prussian army, and 
failed to accomplish this wish only 
because of his being a Republi- 
can. He prepared for the strug- 
gle that was coming in his own 

He became Aid to Gov. Robert 
Alson ; and aftewards became Aid 
to Gov. F. L. Pickens. 

He went to Europe in 1859 
with the intention of taking part 
in the war that was then in pro- 
gress between Sardinia and Aus- 
tria. His application to Count 
Cavour for a position in the Sar- 
dinian army, under General Mar- 
mora was favorably received. His 
rank would, at least, have been as 
•that of Colonel ; but, in conse- 
quence of the results of the bat- 
tle of Salfarino, which took place 
just before his arrival in Sardinia, 
the war was closed, and he was 
thereby prevented from experi- 
encing active military service, and 
learning its lessons. He then went 
to Spain and completed the col- 
lection of material necessary for 
the writing of " Spain and the 

At the commencement of the 
war between the States, he was 
Aid to Gov. Pickens, and took a 
prominent part in the military 
operation at Charleston. In 1859 
he became Colonel of a rifle regi- 
ment that was formed, and that 
acted a conspicuous part around 
Charleston in the winter of i860— 

The Convention of the State of 
South Carolina passed the Seces- 
sion Ordinance on the 20th of De- 
cember, [860. 

Colonel Pettigrew, with his rifle 
regiment, took possession of Cas- 
tle Pinkney. He was then trans- 
ferred to Morris Island, where he 
erected formidable batteries that 
added greatly to the defences of 
Charleston harbor. He held him- 
self in readiness to storm Fort 
Sumpter in case it had not been 
surrendered by Major Anderson 
after bombardment. 

The State of North Carolina 
joined the other Southern States 
on the 20th of May, 1861, by the 
passage of the Secession Ordk 
nance by her Convention on that 
memorable day. 

Late in the spring of 1S61 the 
rifle regiment was disbanded, find- 
ing themselves unable to procure 
the incorporation of their body 
into the army of the Confederate- 
States. And Colonel Pettigrew 
joined Hampton's Legion as a pri- 
vate early in the summer of i86i 3 
and accompanied the Legion into 
Virginia, where active service was 
to be met with. 

A few days after this he was 
elected Colonel of the 12th Regi- 
ment of "North Carolina Volun- 
teers'—which afterwards became 
the 22d Regiment of "North Car- 
olina Troops," which election was 
unsolicited. This regiment was 
organized in the Camp of Instruc- 

4 6 


tion in Raleigh. He had previ- 
ously declined the position of Ad- 
jutant-General of South Carolina. 
He accepted the command of the 
regiment, and repaired to Ral- 
eigh, where he assiduously de- 
voted himself to its instruction 
and discipline. Early in August 
he was ordered into Virginia with 
his Regiment. 

After remaining about a week 
in Richmond, he was ordered to 
report to Major-General Holmes, 
Brooke Station, on the Richmond 
and Fredericksburg Railroad. 
From thence he was ordered to 
Evansport on the Potomac, where 
he spent the fall and winter of 
1861 and 1862 in the constructing 
and guarding the formidable bat- 
teries, which, for many months, 
prevented all communication by 
water with Washington City. A 
large portion of these defensive 
works at Evansport were con- 
structed by Colonel Pettigrew, 
and were regarded by the highest 
authority as " master-pieces of 
military engineering." 

While at Evansport he was of- 
fered, without solicitation, a pro- 
motion to the rank of Brigadier- 
General. He declined upon the 
ground that it would separate 
him from his regiment. But, 
late in the spring of 1862, an ar- 
rangement was made by which 
his regiment would be embraced 
in the brigade, and the commis- 
sion of Brigadier-General was ten- 

dered to him again by President 
Davis, which he accepted, after the 
earnest importunity that he should 
do so by his friend, Major-Gen- 
eral Holmes. His modesty also 
prompted him to hesitate in ac- 
cepting the position of Brigadier- 
General until he had experienced 
more active service with his regi- 

Late in the spring of 1862, the 
Army of the Potomac fell back 
and proceeded to Yorktown to 
prevent General McClellan's 
march on Richmond. Under Gen- 
eral Joseph E. Johnston, who was 
the Commander-in-Chief, General 
Pettigrew's brigade performed its 
duties faithfully in the. trenches 
at Yorktown, and during the mem- 
orable retreat up the peninsula to 
Richmond. At Baromsville, his 
brigade supported General Whit- 
ing in the repulse of Franklin's 
corps near West Point. 

He was with his brigade in the 
sanguinary battle of Seven Pines, 
which took place on the 1st of 
June, 1862, under General Joseph 
E. Johnston, as Commander-in- 
Chief. In this engagement Gen. 
Pettigrew was severely wounded 
by a musket-ball that passed in 
front of his throat and into the 
shoulder, cutting the nerves and 
muscles that strengthen the right 
arm. The wound was received 
while he was gallantly leading one 
of his regiments in a charge upon 
a strong position of the enemy. 



He was left insensible on the 
field ; nor did he return to con- 
sciousness until a prisoner in the 
enemy's camp. 

He was in prison about two 
months, after which time he was 
exchanged, though quite an inva- 
lid from his wound. He was then 
put in command at Petersburg. 
In consequence of his absence 
during his imprisonment, his bri- 
gade was placed under General 

He was placed in command of 
a new brigade composed pf the 
Eleventh, Twenty-sixth, Forty- 
fourth, Forty-seventh, and Fifty- 
second regiments of North Caro- 
lina Infantry. This brigade was 
thoroughly disciplined by him, 
and at the close of the year 1862, 
he was at the head of a brigade 
that was unsurpassed for numbers, 
soldierly bearing, courage, and 
thorough drill, by any in the Con- 
federate army. 

In the autumn of 1862 he was 
ordered with his brigade to East- 
ern North Carolina. 

• He led his brigade in repelling 
a raid made into the county of 
Martin, by the Federal forces in , 
the autumn of 1862. Also, he led 
his brigade against the Federal 
General Foster, in an expedition 
made by him against Goldsboro, 
in December, 1862. By his pres- 
ence and that of his splendid bri- 
gade in that part of North Caro- 

lina, the people were inspired with 
new courage and confidence. 

He rendered conspicuous ser- 
vice, with his brigade, in the dem- 
onstration made in the spring of 
1863 by Major-General D. H. 
Hill against the town of Washing- 
ton, North Carolina. 

He was solely in command in 
the brilliant affair at Blount's 
Creek, in the county of Beaufort, 
North Carolina, in which he man- 
ifested his capacity when unre- 
strained by the orders of a Supe- 
rior officer. This was regarded as 
an unusually brilliant engagement. 

He was then, with his brigade, 
ordered to Virginia, and was in 
command at Richmond. 

He defended the city of Rich- 
mond when the Federal General 
Stoneman made his raid to the 
north of it. 

He soon afterwards took pos- 
session at Hanover Junction. 

His Brigade subsequently con- 
stituted a part of the Army of 
Northern Virginia, and accom- 
panied General Lee in his memo- 
rable advance into Pennsylvania 
as a part of Major-General Heth's 
division. ^ 

General Pettigrew and his Bri- N 
gade performed a conspicuous, 
part in the battle of Gettysburg,, 
which was, perhaps, the greatest 
of all the battles fought during 
the four years of bloody war be- 
tween the States, and certainly 
the most important in its conse 

4 8 


quences. In consequence of Ma- 
jor-General Heth having been 
wounded early in the battle, Gen- 
eral Pettigrew became the com- 
mander of the division during 
almost the entire bat^e. " No 
command that was engaged in 
this conflict, which continued for 
three days, distinguished itself 
more, or penetrated farther into 
the enemy's lines than Pettigrew's 
Brigade and Heth's division, 
which Gen. Pettigrew command-: 
ed in the assault upon Cemetery 
Ridge." Captain Louis G. Young, 
of Charleston, who was one of 
General Pettigrew's Aids, who en- 
tered the army at the commence- 
ment of the war and continued to 
its close, than whom there was no 
braver soldier or purer man, thus 
describes the conduct of Petti- 
grew's Brigade in the attack on 
the enemy's position on the istof 
July, 1863: "No troops could 
have fought better than did Pet- 
tigrew's Brigade on this day; and 
I will testify, on the experience 
of many hard fought battles, that 
I never saw any fight so well. Its 
conduct was the admiration of all 
who witnessed the engagement; 
and it was the generally expressed 
opinion that no brigade had done 
more effective service, or won 
greater fame for itself than this 

The following is a statement of 
the casualties, which is an evi- 
dence of the dauntless determina- 

tion with which those brave men 
encountered the dangers of that 
terrible assault : 

At the commencement of the 
battle of Gettysburg, Pettigrew's 
Brigade consisted of three thou- 
sand in officers and men, of whom, 
at the end of the three days' bat- 
tle, there were remaining but 
eight hundred and fifty. " This 
small remnant was brought off 
the field of battle by Major Jones 
of the Twenty-sixth Regiment, 
every other Field Officer, with the 
exception of one who was cap- 
tured, being either killed or 
wounded." General Pettigrew was 
painfully wounded by a ball that 
broke one of the bones of his left 
hand; but he regarded it so little 
as not to leave the field of battle. 
When he became the commander 
of the division, Colonel Marshall, 
of the Fifty-second Regiment, 
took command of the brigade. 
Colonel Marshall was killed, as 
was Colonel Harry K. Burgwin, 
of the Twenty-sixth Regiment ; 
also Captain Nicholas Collin 
Hughes, the Adjutant-General of 
the brigade; also Captain Mc- 
Crary of his staff. 

General Lee, with the shattered 
remains of his army, commenced 
his retreat to Virginia. 

On the night of the 13th of 
July, 1863, General Pettigrew was 
in command of the rear-guard 
of General Lee's army as it ap- 
proached Falling Waters, at which 



crossing it was to pass the Poto- 
mac. The sadness of that gloomy- 
march none can fully appreciate 
but the weary soldiers who expe- 
rienced it. On the morning of 
the 14th of July (on Tuesday), at 
about 9 o'clock, General Petti- 
grew, with the rear-guard, reached 
Falling Waters, after the weari- 
some march of the entire night 
along roads almost impassable. 
The General, who had been in the 
saddle all night, and the soldiers, 
who were foot-sore and weary, 
threw themselves on the ground 
to seek some rest from their fa- 
tigue. Major-General Heth, who 
had again taken command of his 
own division, and, in addition to 
it, of the division of Major-Gen- 
eral Pender, who had been mor- 
tally wounded at the battle of 
Gettysburg, informed General Pet- 
tigrew that he (General Heth) had 
been ordered to cross the river; 
and he directed him (General Pet- 
tigrew) to be a rear-guard with his 
command, which then consisted 
of his own brigade and General 
Archer's Brigade. 

While the two Generals were 
engaged in this conversation, there 
suddenly came out from a wood, 
not far distant, a small body of 
horsemen, about forty in number, 
withdrawn swords and with the 
Federal flag. General Heth, sup- 
posing them to be Confederate 
troops, forbid our men firing upon 
them, which they, as well as Gen- 

eral Pettigrew, were desirous of 
doing. These reckless troopers 
were soon in the midst of our men, 
firing among them and demanding 
their surrender. This was at- 
tended with a brisk engagement. 
Gen. Pettigrew, who had mounted 
his horse at the beginning of it 
was thrown, his horse being 
frightened by the discharge of 
musketry, and the General being 
unable to hold him, in conse- 
quence of his left hand being dis- 
abled by the wound of the 3d of 
July at the battle of Gettysburg, 
and his right arm not having re- 
gained its strength since the 
wound received at the battle of 
Seven Pines. Among the Federal 
troopers there was a Corporal, who 
was especially active in firing 
among our men. The General drew 
near this man to enter into combat 
with him, when the trooper fired 
on him with his pistol, the ball 
passing through the abdomen. 
The General immediately sank on 
the ground, and the rash horse- 
men all paid the penalty of their 
temerity with their lives. 

His men now had to lament the 
near approach of the end of the 
life and services to his country of 
their commander, whom they 
loved so well, and under whom 
they had fought so bravely. His 
race was nearly run. His sorrow- 
ing soldiers carried him on a litter 
across the river, and seven miles 
farther into Virginia, along the 



march of the army on the same 
day; and on the following day he 
was carried fifteen miles farther to 
the house of a Mr. Boyd, at a 
place called Bunker's Hill, a few 
miles from Martinsburg. While 
on the march from Falling Waters 
to' Bunker's Hill, General Lee 
rode up to the mortally wounded 
General, as he lay on his litter, 
and with a soldier's tear in the 
eye of the great commander of 
the Confederate army, expressed 
his grief at the calamity. To 
which General Pettigrew replied, 
that it was none other than what 
he might reasonably expect, and 
that he was perfectly willing to 
die for his country. He was vis- 
ited at Mr. Boyd's by the Rev. 
Dr. Joseph P. B. Wilmer, of the 
Episcopal church, who became, 
some years afterwards, the Bishop 
of Louisiana, to whom he ex- 
pressed his firm belief in the 
truths of the Christian religion; 
adding that he had, some years 
before this, made his preparation 
for death, otherwise he would 
never have entered the army. On 
Friday, the 17th of July, 1863, at 
twenty-five minute after 6 o'clock 
in the morning, his spirit took its 
flight quietly and without pain to 
the God that gave it. 

His remains were carried tc 
Raleigh, the capital of the State 
whose men he had led in battle 
and upon whose name he had re 
fleeted honor. On the morning 
of Friday, the 24th of July, his 
coffin wrapped in the Confederate 
flag, and wreathed with flowers 
which female patriotism had 
placed there, lay in the rotunda 
of the capitol; and later in the 
day his mortal remains were com- 
mitted to the earth in the old 
cemetery amid the highest hon- 
ors, civic and military, that the 
State could confer. 

In the November of 1865, his 
/remains Were removed to the fam- 
ily cemetery at Bonarva, Lake 
Scuppernong. There, where in 
years now long since past, was the 
residence of his parents and the 
birthplace of their children ; there, 
where he first opened his eyes 
upon this world ; there, where his 
childhood and youth were passed 
beneath the shade of the luxurious 
forests of the Low Country ; there, 
where the waves lash the shores 
of this beautiful lake as in the 
days of yore ; there the hero 
sleeps beneath the green hillock, 
to awake no more to the call of 
patriotism and human glory. 

W. S. Pettigrew. 




M. McG. Shields. 

In ancient days, long before the 
time of Caxton and Gutenberg, 
the bard tuned his lyre and sung 
to the people the heroic deeds of 
their ancestors. The minstrel's 
song was the only record of their 
grand achievements. One man 
was chosen as the subject of the 
lay, while others revolved as dim 
and feeble satelli tes around this 
brilliant luminary. In the desire 
to make their hero . a demigod, 
truth was discarded, and fiction 
usurped the throne. 

The same defect is seen in the 
histories of to-day. The world is 
white with monuments and mar- 
ble shafts that mark the resting 
place of our illustrious dead. His- 
tory has followed, hound-like, the 
courts and camps of kings, and 
fed on royal crumbs. Even the 
follies and vices of fortune's pets 
are lauded upon her page, while 
oblivion strews with the poppy's 
bloom the graves of many nobler 
and grander than they. Is this 
just ? Do all earth's heroes sleep 
beneath the marble slab ? Is it 
nobler to " strew the plains with 
mountains of the dead," to dash 
the human blood from the glitter- 
ing point of a flashing sword, than 
to buffet with an iron muscle the 

foaming billows of care, to step 
beyond the cold confines of sel- 
fishness and minister to the wants 
of suffering humanity? Why 
should the shifting hand of cir- 
cumstances guide the pens that 
trace the life of men ? 

The little Holland boy, sitting 
by the leaking dikes and stopping 
the gap with his own frozen fin- 
gers at the peril of being washed 
to death unhonored and unknown, 
showed a finer fibre than that of 
Cambronne at Waterloo, as he 
shouted to the victorious British, 
" The guard dies; but never sur- 

The soldier at the gates of Pom- 
peii, buried at the post of duty 
by the waves of burning lava and 
melted sulphur that were belched 
from the fiery subterranean caverns 
of Vesuvius, tells the story of 
Roman greatness and fortitude in 
grander language than the round- 
ed periods of Cicero or the flash- 
ing tones of Hortensius. Who 
will say that these do not deserve 
to have their tents spread on 
" fame's eternal camping ground ?" 

'Tis natural to laud success and 
impute bad motives to failure. 
The so-called historian loves to 
sing the praises of favored climes, 



while the oppressed . are either 
calumniated or passed over in si- 
lence. Might is right, and in her 
adamantine grasp she holds a mo- 
nopoly of records. Success is too 
often the measure of merit, and 
fame and reproach hang upon a 
feeble balance. 

How eloquent the historian 
grows over the Bruce of Bannock- 
burn, while at the death of Rob- 
ert Emmett the executioner cried 
" Behold the traitor's head," and 
the unworthy recorders join in the 
shameful chorus. For the same 
reason Washington was a patriot 
and Lee was a rebel. Lee, the 
grandest son that old Virginia 
ever bore, to whom CoeurdeLion 
might well have doffed his haugh- 
ty plume, and to whose military 
genius impartial time will at length 
accord the palm. 

" Ah Muse, you dare not claim 

A nobler man than he : 
Nor nobler man had less of blame, 
Nor blameless man had purer name, 
Nor purer name had grander fame, 

Nor fame — another Lee." 

Was this stainless christian patriot 
a rebel? History says so. He 
who overcame him is placed on an 
equal with kings. He could lie at 
the door of Congress and beg for 
his support. He could traffic in 
the gambling dens of Wall street 
and scramble with Gould for the 
sake of filthy lucre. But still he 
is the nation's hero ! 

O Clio, thou first of the muses, 

when wilt thou grasp thy still 
and brain these prating fools wh 
dare insult thy noble gift by dul 
bing their one-sided scribbling 
"histories." The lands of th 
Swiss and Poles call on thee fc 
justice ; but where oh where at 
they heard? The Emerald Isl 
groans and cries; but force ha 
broken her sinews and torn he 
records in shreds. No one sing 
now with the melancholy bar 
" Erin mavournin, Erin go bragh ! 
But how shall we speak of th 
historical treatment of the Oh 
North State? Does anyone dar 
say she has been justly ignored 
If so, ask him if defence of righ 
and opposition to tyranny shouk 
be ignored. Ask him if Inde 
pendence Hall is justly dear t( 
the American heart, and if th< 
record of Lexington and Bunke: 
Hill should be forgotten. Ther 
tell him that at Charlotte, N. C. 
Ma y> r 7/5, was the first Declara 
tion of .Independence that wa< 
ever hurled by the Americans in 
the teeth of England's tyrant king. 
Here were heard the tones of the 
Liberty Bell that told the world 
that the fane of Freedom had been 
rebuilt, and that nations would 
again bend at her sacred shrine ; 
that the thrones of tyranny must 
quake and tremble, for Liberty's 
torch had been re-lighted at a liv- 
ing fire, seraph-brought from an 
altar holy and divine. Tell him 
that at King's Mountain, N. C, 



:he untrained farmer brought the 
laughty British low, while the 
lash of flint and steel told the 
jloody tale. Here the Genius of 
liberty met her ebon foe full tilt 
n the shock of battle, and bore 
lim down amid the wild huzzahs 
)f the down trodden in every land. 
Nhy are not these the shrines 
vhere Liberty's devotees should 
inger, and where pilgrims should 
meel and worship ? The soil of 
Carolina is holy ground, a true 
Vlecca for the veneration of the 
>ppressed. Why is she thus ig- 
lored ? Ah w^ can tell? How 
ong, O Justice, wilt thou sleep? 
-low long O Muse, will thy lyre 
emain unstrung! 

Should an impartial historian 
'rasp his pen, the dry old bones 
tf countless thousands would 
hake and rattle in the dusty 
ombs, their distorted limbs re- 
ume their wonted place, and their 
leshless fingers clatter with accla- 
nations. Many of the despised, 
njured and slandered dead would 
tever be recognized in their new 
ostume. The foul mud of op- 
trobrium would be washed away, 
.nd they'd stand as pure and spot- 
ess as the snows on Himalaya's 
>eak, while hosts of those hon- 
»red by history would appear as 
hey are, with characters black as 

the ebon pall of night, black as 
perdition's sable badge and pitchy 
scowl, whence their inspiration 

But the human mind is full of 
imperfections. Will the blinding 
scales ever fall from the eyes of 
mortals, and let them see the 
deeds of men and nations without 
the gilding colors with which for- 
tune and chance paint the picture ? 
Yes. At that solemn and august 
judgment scene, when the one 
great blast shall sublimely usher 
in the resurrection morn, when all 
the armies of the dead shall rise 
from their multitudinous graves 
to meet their descending God ; 
when the short-sighted award of 
time shall be reversed ; then will 
the kings on earth disguised re- 
ceive their golden crowns. Then 
will the bells in every dome of 
heaven echo and re-echo with 
sounds of sweetest joy. Then will 
the atheist's laugh be exchanged 
for a howl of unavailing woe, and 
the empyrean ring with the shouts 
of the redeemed, while the walls 
of the infernal dungeons will roar 
with the groans of the damned. 
Then will eternal justice be done, 
and the garlands here misplaced 
be set on heads that deserve the 




Slowly the sun was setting, its 
last rays lingered lovingly over 
the moss-covered roofs and vine- 
clad chimmeys of Birch. Birch, 
as you must know, is a little town 
in the extreme western part of 
our State. Owing to the moun- 
tains surrounding it and its cool 
water and pleasant breezes, it has 
recently come a summer resort of 
considerable note. At . the time 
of which we write it was crowded 
with more than its usual number 
of visitors; and now, as the sun 
was setting, everybody came out 
on Main street, the only one in 
the town, to enjoy the cool even- 
ing breeze. A more varied throng 
could scarcely be found. There 
was the aged invalid, on whose 
faded brow death had already set 
his seal; there was the laughing 
girl, to whom the world had al- 
ways been gay, no sorrow had 
ever dimmed the brightness of 
her eye or withered the roses on 
her cheeks ; there was the totter- 
ing disciple of grief, on whose pale 
face the rough hand of sorrow had 
marked lines deep and ghastly; 
there was the man of business, the 
man of pleasure — all were min- 
gled in this motley crowd. But 
passing this throng with a glance, 
and walking on to the edge of the 

town, we might there have foui 
two persons worthy of a more 
nute description. One was 
maiden in the bloom of youtl 
Her person was above the middl 
height; her hair was black an< 
glossy, and was held back so a 
to display a high and beautifu 
forehead ; her eyes were deep 
dark and lustrous; but he 
mouth ! how shall we describe he 
mouth? — someltingly ripe, andye 
so delicate, the lips full, even t< 
pouting, and bright as the inner 
most leaves of a rose, fresh wit! 
the dew of the morning; a smal 
round chin, a complexion clear a; 
fair, and cheeks where rose; 
seemed to bloom, completes th« 
picture of as lovely a thing as 
ever made man miserable. Hei 
companion was a youth, appa- 
rently about twenty-two years oi 
age; he was neatly but not flash- 
ingly dressed; he had auburn hail 
and dark, brown eyes ; there was 
that indefinable something about 
him' which told you at once that 
he had been conversant with the 
best society from his childhood. 
And now as he listened to the 
words of his companion a look 
of dreamy happiness came into 
his soft, brown eyes. 

"Charley is coming to see me 



o-night," she was saying, " and 
taving obtained the permission 
if my father, I feel it my duty to 
>reak my engagement with him. 
Jut ah ! " she continued, and there 
vas a tinge of sadness in her voice, 
: it would pain me to know that I 
lad ever caused his noble heart a 
ingle pang. But how can I marry 
lim, knowing that my heart is irre- 
vocably yours? No, I would 
vrong him as well as myself." 

"Truly, I pity him," answered 
ler companion, "for if he loves 
/ou with a love as strong as mine, 
ife without you would become 
inbearable. But here we are at 
:he hotel. When shall I see you 
igain, to-morrow evening?" 

" If you want to," she answered, 
directing at him a playful glance, 
is she disappeared within the 
Duilding. He stood gazing for a 
moment at the spot where he had 
seen her last, and then turned 
aside and sat down to dream of 
youth and happiness. 

Lionel Loyd was the only child 
of one of the wealthiest and most 
respected merchants of Columbia, 
S. C. He had seldom known 
what it was to have a wish un- 
gratified. At sixteen he had en- 
tered the State University, and, 
unlike most boys who have money, 
had studied hard, and, at the end 
of his course graduated with dis- 
tinction. After graduating he had 
entered business as his father's 
partner, and he devoted himself 

assiduously to his duties. Many 
were the laughing eyes that di- 
rected at him their deadly artil- 
lery, many the rosy lips that gave 
him their sweetest smiles, and 
many were the traps planned by 
anxious mammas, but all to no pur- 
pose. He was always polite and 
gay, but seemed never to think of 
love. Thus matters were when 
his health failed, and he was ad- 
vised by a physician attending 
him to visit the mountains. Af- 
ter a few weeks' rambling he found 
himself in the little village of 
Birch. A few nights after his ar- 
rival at the place, he went to a 
ball at the principal hotel, and 
being wearied with dancing, he 
began to examine the. crowd. In 
looking around his eye chanced 
to light on the face of a young 
lady standing in a corner of the 
room talking to an old gentleman. 
It was not a face to be looked at 
and then forgotten, so he gazed 
long and earnestly. Never, he 
thought, had he seen any one so 
beautiful ; it was exactly the face 
he had always fancied he could 
love. Seeking a friend, he in- 
quired who she was; his friend 
did not know much about her ; 
her name was Thompson ; that 
was her father she was talking' to ; 
he was said to be a rich cotton 
planter ; they had been in the 
mountains two weeks. This was 
all he could learn that night. He 
sought, and, in a few days, ob- 



tained an introduction; for weeks 
he availed himself of every oppor- 
tunity of being in her company. 
In short, he was blindly, madly in 
love. Judge of his surprise and 
anguish, then, when one morning 
he . accidentally overheard Mr. 
Thompson speaking to his wife of 
their daughter's approaching mar- 
riage with Mr. Charles Worth, a 
young lawyer whom he had often 
seen with the Thompsons.. Pale 
and trembling, he rose and escaped 
to his room, there to pour out the 
anguish of his soul. Was she 
false? Had he been mistaken in 
the thousand little signs from 
which one is wont to understand 
that he is beloved? No, he could 
accuse her .of nothing; she had 
never treated him more than an 
intimate friend. Was it possible 
for him to give up the one sweet 
hope of his life, and leave/all dark 
and desolate? Yes, he would see 
her once more and tell her good- 
bye. And then he asked, with a 
bitter smile, "Will the flowers 
bloom again ? Will the birds sing 
to-morrow?" That evening he 
called to see her and they went to 
walk; and when he told her, with 
a husky voice, that he was. going 
to leave on the morrow, the ex- 
pression of pain on her face made 
the temptation irresistible ; he told 
her how much he loved her, and, 
oh raptures ! he was loved in re- 
turn, and — well, kind reader, can't 

you imagine the remainder? Anc 
now, smiling softly the while, he 
sat dreaming of these things 
while the magic hand of fancy] 
was busy with the future, the fuj 
ture all aglow with love and joy. 
"Yes," he said dreamily, "the 
flowers will bloom again and the 
birds will sing to-morrow." 

Meanwhile Grace Thompson 
was seated in the parlor awaiting 
her visitor. Her father, knowing 
no thought save for the happiness 
of his child, consented, rather re- 
luctantly it is true, to her break- 
ing the engagement with Mr. 
Worth. He did not conceal from 
her the fact that it pained him. 
He had known Charley, as he was 
called by all the family, ever since 
he was a child ; he had seen him, 
after a long struggle for an edu- 
cation, graduating at the head of 
his class; he had seen him, after 
his admission to the bar, measur- 
ing arms with old and experienced 
champions, and success had nearly 
always crowned his efforts. Every- 
body respected him, and no one 
could deny his ability. It was 
with no little pleasure, then, that 
Mr. Thompson had seen him pay- 
ing attentions to his daughter, 
which indicated that he felt in her 
more than a passing interest. 
And now after they were engaged 
it was all to end thus. Yes, it 
pained the old gentleman, but | 
still he loved his daughter too 



well to murmur. Grace herself 
was grieved when she thought 
how she was going to pain the 
heart that had always been true. 
In childhood he had been her 
companion upon the play-ground, 
he was her devoted attendant in 
youth, and in his young manhood 
he had given her his heart's deep- 
est love. She respected him, she 
admired him; but, ah! she did 
not feel toward him as she did to- 
ward Lionel Loyd. While pon- 
dering on these things she heard 
a quick, firm step on the stair- 
case, and, with a sensation of un- 
easiness, she rose to meet the 
man whom she had promised to 
marry. One could easily observe 
him as he stood there under the 
glare of the lamp, and truly he 
was well worth studying. He 
bore his character on his face ; 
mind was plainly written upon 
every feature. There could be no 
doubt as to the indications of the 
high, commanding forehead, the 
thin, compressed lips and massive 
chin. His figure, though tall, was 
well proportioned. Everything 
about him plainly indicated that he 
was a man. There was a dreamy, 
or perhaps a weary expression in 
his eyes as he seated himself and 
began the conversation. 

" The mountain air is certainly 
beneficial to you, Grace. You are 
as perfect a specimen of health as 
one would wish to see ; you ought 
to live up here." 

" No," she answered, " I think 
I prefer our own little village by 
the sea. I am sorry I can't say 
you look improved ; you look as 
though you were worrying your- 
self about something ; what is it? " 

" Nothing ; my health is not 
very good. As to not looking 
well, I am sometimes a puzzle 
even to myself; with everything 
which seems necessary to make 
one happy," he looked at her 
fondly while he spoke, "I am, I 
confess, sometimes anything but 
happy. If one would be happy I 
do not think he should look too 
deeply into things around him." 

There was a pause, and then 
Grace began with a trembling 
voice : 

"Charley, there is something I 
wish, something I must say to 
you. God knows I would do any- 
thing in my power for you, but I 
would be wronging you as well as 
myself to marry you unless I 
loved you. Only a few short days 
ago I learned that I loved an- 
other, and — oh ! don't look at me 
in that way," she exclaimed, " or 
I shall go mad." He had risen 
from his seat and was leaning 
against the wall for support, the 
blood was oozing from his lips, 
which, in the fierceness of the 
struggle within, he was savagely 
gnawing, and his eyes were mak- 
ing a wild appeal for mercy. " I 
like you, I admire you," she con- 
tinued, " and with some one who 



can love you, you may yet be 

" Oh yes ! I shall be happy," he 
almost shouted, as with a wild, 
bitter laugh he rushed from the 
room. Down the stairs he rushed, 
and, reeling across the street, he 
tottered into his room, and fell 
lifeless upon the floor. 

* * * * * 

Years have passed. Cheeks that 
once were smooth are wrinkled 
now ; eyes that were bright with 
youth's sweet joy are dim with 
age. It is mid-winter. In a room 
of one of the finest residences in 
Columbia are seated ah interest- 
ing group. The furniture of the 
room where they . are seated is 
costly and elegant. A bright fire 
is burning in the fire-place, and 
around this the family are seated. 
Grace Loyd, for 'tis she, is sitting 
near her husband, and her hand 
rests confidingly in his. They 
have changed since we saw them 
last, reader, but not as much as 
might be expected. Their cheeks 
are not so smooth nor their eyes 
as bright as they once were, yet 
there is a tender smile of happi- 
ness playing about the lips of each. 

Around them are seated thei 
children ; fair-haired, lovely girls 
bright and manly boys. 

In another part of the city there 
was a different scene. The moot 
was shining with a cold, weirc 
light upon the earth, wrapt in its 
sheet of snow. Out in the su- 
burbs of the city a muffled figure 
was trudging along through the 
snow. Here and there he met 
others, one bending forward and 
scanning his face, appeared to re- 
cognize him, for drawing back, he 
respectfully raised his hat and 
said, " Good evening, Governor 
Worth." Still the figure moved 
on, never heeding the wild solo 
which the cold wind was singing in 
his ears. Finally he paused, and, 
opening a small gate, entered 
an apparently vacant lot. Turn- 
ing to the right, he walked on to 
a corner of the enclosure and 
stopped by the side of a lonely 
grave. Colder, brighter grew the 
light of the moon, sharper, wilder 
became the song of the wind, as 
the figure bent sadly over the 
grave, and, with eyes dimmed 
with tears, read upon the tomb- 
stone the inscription, A lost hope. 
M. W. E. 




E. P. Withers. 

Charleston should be called The 
City of Tears. 

Only sixty students subscribe to 
the Magazine. 

Our income from College 
wouldn't pay for one issue. 

What a measly thing an anar- 
chist is compared to an earth- 

Prof. Wiggins is the most un- 
mitigated liar in America in our 

Students are amazingly liberal 
with abuse, but their liberality 
doesn't go as far as a subscription. 

Give us a rest on that worn out 
chestnut, the chestnut bell. It 
has about played out everywhere 
but in the backwoods. 

We have the fast yachts and 
win the cups, but England has the 
big ships, and carries the com- 
merce of the world. How about 
a swap ? 

Scoffing at the Bible, sneering 
at Christianity and ridiculing re- 
ligion, is almost invariably indica- 
tive of a fool or a knave, and gen- 
erally of both. 

Rev. Sam Jones goes for the 
" arm-grip." Now Mr. Jones, just 
try it once, and your abuse will be 
turned into enthusiastic praise. 
It's nice, we tell you. 

Mr. Snowden Disney, who lives 
four miles from Baltimore, is the 
father of twenty-eight children by 
two wives. The first wife is dead. 
We are not surprised. May the 
Lord have mercy on the other one.. 

The caste distinction of the 
middle ages has caused more ig- 
norance, misery, suffering, degra- 
dation and woe among the masses 
of people in Europe than all the 
other evils of that dark and hap- 
less age. 

God has made all the distinc- 
tions between men that he deem- 
ed necessary, and He knew what 
was best. Now blot out those 
made by the assumption, arro- 
gance and cruelty of men, and 
give the world equality in all 

It is said that at the Greenbrier 
White Sulphur Springs during a 
champagne supper, a young mar- 
ried lady, a beauty from Wash- 
ington, pulled off her slipper and 



gave it to a young lawyer, after 
filling it with champagne, and he 
drank it down. Lady, ah ! Well, 
we don't think so ; and, in addi- 
tion, we think the young lawyer 
must be a pitiful fool. 

.Paris is a wonderful city. Half 
of its population is illegitimate 
but yet is the gayest and saddest, 
the loveliest and meanest, the 
most learned and most wicked, the 
hiehest cultured and the lowest 
moraled city in the whole world. 

The smouldering fires of the 
Parisian commune, the outbreaks 
in England, Belgium and Ireland, 
and the wail of woe from the la- 
boring people of all Europe are 
but the muttering thunders of 
Tyranny's impending ruin. 

The great Dr. Johnson was 
once asked to make an epigram 
on the syllables di, do, dum. 
Without a moment's hesitation 
he replied — 

"When Dido found ^Eneas would not 

" She wept in silence and was Dido dumb." 

Many a poor fool has been in- 
duced by the persistent urging of 
a woman at fashionable suppers 
to take the first drink of the fiery 
liquid in whose glittering depths 
lurk the faces of fiends and the 
tortures of hell. 

Mr. Bayard to Mexico (with 
haughty air and threatening mien): 

" Hand over Cutting, you dirty 
greaser, or I will break your worth 
less head." 

Mr. Bayard to John Bull (on hid 
knee) ; " I most humbly beg par 
don, my Lord, for the offences 
committed by our ignorant fisher-i 
man. I will make any amends 
you demand." 

We have been asked what mug] 
wump meant. Mugwump was; 
used more than a century since in 
New England to express disgust.] 
contempt. C. A. Dana, of thel 
New York Sun, found the v/ord ir! 
some old Connecticut papers, andl 
applied it to Geo. Wm. Curtis andl 
his admirers to show his contempt! 
for their political principles. This] 

is the origin of the word. 



Rev. Dr. J. E. Edwards, of the 
Virginia Conference, was once apl 
proached in Petersburg by a friencl 
who said : " Doctor, I have seeil 
several of your congregation al 
balls, theatres and saloons." " Ye I 
sir," replied the doctor, " and I an! 
afraid that one of these days yotj 
will meet them in hell." NothinJ 
further was said by the doctor'! 
friend on this subject. 

The curse that has crushecl 
more hearts of mothers and wives! 
that has desolated and ruinecj 
more homes, that has blasted thl 
lives and hastened the deaths oj 
more people, that has damneij 



more men's souls to the endless 
depths of infinite woe than all 
other curses combined is whiskey^ 
and yet to-day it has its millions 
of slaves bound by its mighty 
bonds of passion, ruin and de 

Henry George and his Principles. 

The nomination of Henry George 
for mayor of New York City by 
the working men marks a new era 
in politics. For if he is elected 
mayor it will be a triumph not 
3nly for himself but for his prin- 
:iples, and his are the best of any 
' n this country. He believes in 
i'ree trade, in bettering the condi- 
tion of the laboring man and in 
Curbing the power of the monopo- 
ies. He has made eloquent pleas 
or the poor of the cities, of the 
Country, of the nation. He has 
buffered imprisonment for daring 
)! o tell the tale of Ireland's wrongs, 
tnd he is known throughout the 
Civilized world as an earnest and 
.ble advocate and defender of the 
ights of the masses. 
'' He h^s devoted the whole of 
as life to bettering the condition 
'f mankind. His has been the 
fe of the philanthropist, and to- 
ay the author of "Progress and 
'overty" stands for the first time 
efore the people as a candidate 
' Dr office. 
For years the government of 
le City of New York has been 
lore or less under the control of 

the rascally ward politicians, po- 
litical heelers and party bosses of 
the Tweed, Sweeny and Johnny 
O'Brien type. For years steal- 
ings, rascalities, fraud, embezzle- 
ment and dishonesty have been 
disclosed to the gaze of the pub- 
lic, but still each year lays bare 
some new blot of shame, and at 
last the body of the people have 
decided to overthrow the rascals 
and put none but honest men on 
guard ; and in order to accomplish 
this, they have nominated Henry 
George to hold the reins of power. 

If George is elected, he will be 
the first mayor that has not been 
directly or indirectly influenced 
by the national banks and the 
stock-jobbers of Wall street since 
the war, and his will be the first 
distinctively workingman's admin- 
istration in the history of the 

Henry George breathes his soul 
into his writings he knows no 
master, fears not social power or 
moneyed prestige, and dares to ex- 
press his honest opinions, though 
hated and cursed b,y nearly all the 
mean of wealth and "position" 
in New York City. His friends 
seem in earnest, he has been 
pledged 30,000 votes, and is now 
conducting his canvass in person, 
and we hope that this great man, 
with his greater principles, may 
be called upon to direct the desti- 
nies of the metropolis of the 
western world. 



Our Medals. 

The editors have decided to 
give two medals, one for the best 
and one for the second best essay- 
that is written for the Magazine 
on any subject during the present 
collegiate year. 

Every active member of college, 
including law students and post 
graduates, is eligible, with the ex- 
ception of the editors. 

There are but two restrictions. 
You must be a subscriber to the 
Magazine, and you must be one 
that pays. 

The medals must be decided by 
a committee ; the editors them- 
selves will decide what pieces they 
shall publish. If anyone desires 
to conceal his name it will be 
done, only the editors shall know. 

Of course the essays of the 
gentlemen winning the medals 
will always be published. Now, 
we hope all our Humes, Carlyles 
and Macaulays will enter and 
give us a live contest. 

A Few Evil Tendencies. 

The tendency so prevalent 
among young men of to-day is to 
become gentlemen of leisure and 
swells. It is the almost universal 
desire of young men in our cities 
to live far beyond their salaries, to 
"cut a figure" in society, and to 
bestow much more attention upon 
their dress than upon their brains. 

It may be because they have r 
brains, but it is a known fact the 
many men with a salary of $f 
per month spend $75 or $10 
and with their silk beavers, swe 
low-tail coats, patent leather shoe 
gold-bound spectacles, gold hea<; 
ed canes, and effeminate dra^ 
with their " ah's " and "ahem's! 
and with a general appearance < 
a simpering idiot, would cause . 
stranger to imagine that the 
were full-fledged English lords or 
railroad magnate's son, while : 
reality they are dry goods or gr. 
eery clerks. This tendency is tlj 
cause of so many tailors bein 
swindled out of so many clothir 
bills, this is the cause of so mar 
hotel and boarding house keepe; 
being defrauded out of the 
board bills, this is the cause of s 
many employers being robbed < 
thousands of dollars, and this 
the cause of many a man fillir 
a convict's cell. 

The tendency among so mar 
girls to be fast, flashy and immo 
est, the desire of young worm 
to wear the finest dre*sse;s, to u: 
the worst slang, to swear in a ma 
ner to make a man turn gree 
with envy, and to get very drur 
at wine suppers. This is the cau 
of many separations of marrit 
people, of numerous divorces ar 
of the fall of many women. 

The tendency among our C( 
lege graduates to be pig-head< 
donkeys, to quote from mus 



books, to spin out long Latin and 
Greek sentences, very often mix- 
ing them, to pour forth Milton 
and Virgil and Shakespeare with 
no purpose whatever except to 
show that they have read these 
authors, and in fine, upon all oc- 
casions and under all circum- 
stances to make complete fools of 
themselves. Some even consider 
all the knowledge and learning of 
past ages nonsense, and think 
that they are the men to teach 
the world the error of its ways 
and to instruct it in the way it 
should go.' This is the cause of 
so much sneering at education, 
indifference to learning, and of 
the contempt so often hurled at a 
man having a college diploma. 

The tendency among newspa- 
pers to publish under glaring 
headlines sensational accounts of 
the escapades, achievements and 
scandals of actresses, ballet girls, 
etc., and fast young men. The 
prominence given to "my Lord " 
Lonsdale and a variety actress 
known as Violet Cameron, to 
Freddie Gebhard and the infamous 
Lily Langtry, to every disgraceful 
episode in the life of every insig- 
nificant nothing of the stage, is 
but a free advertisement for wo- 
men whose only claim to merit is 
based upon a fine figure and a 
pretty face and an utter lack of 
modesty and decency. The pa- 
per that is the most sensational is 
the most sought after, has the 
largest circulation, the greatest 
influence and the biggest name. 

Column after column of such 

slush appears daily in nearly every 
secular paper of the land. The 
family scandal, the divorce of a 
much married "star," the fisticuff 
in the streets of London of two 
noblemen about a notorious wo- 
man, the painted picture of the 
dens of sin, the fascinating ac- 
count of a midnight revel, the 
sickening story of the suicide of a 
blasted life in a gambling den, 
the annals of the police courts 
with its scenes of misery, degra- 
dation and crime, and the tale of 
the burial of nameless dead, 
branded with dissipation' s curse, 
in a pauper's grave, are thrust on 
the first page, and from every 
printing press there streams a 
stream of filth to which the mor- 
bid nature of mankind rushes and 
drinks its fill. 

The tendency at our summer 
resorts and watering places to 
encourage gambling under the 
shadow of progressive euchre, and 
nightly orgies under the name of 
champagne suppers, and the al- 
most universal desire there to 
plunge headlong into any and 
every kind of dissipation that 
can by any possible means be 
thought of. 

And finally the tendency among 
all classes and conditions of peo- 
ple to try to satisfy their insatiable 
greed for immense wealth leads 
to embezzlement, stealing and 
robbery, and the almost daily oc- 
currence of a flight to Canada by 
some heretofore trusted official. 

These are but a few of the evil 
tendencies of the day. 

6 4 


College Record. 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

Prof. Eben Alexander has gone 
back into the old Greek room in 
the S. B. second floor. He occu- 
pied a room on the first floor N. 
E. B. during September. Prof. 
Alexander was born at Knoxville, 
Tenn., in 185 1, graduated at Yale 
in 1873; in September of that 
year, he became instructor in 
Greek and Latin at the University 
of Tennessee, where he was made 
professor of Ancient Languages 
in 1877. He continued to occupy 
that position until elected to the 
chair of Greek in this University 
last summer. 

Dr. Hume is repairing and 
painting the Swain house and will 
make it his home sometime during 
November. He is now at Mrs. 
Martin's and has been there for a 

* * 


Dr. Mangum is delivering a 
series of lectures on Practical 
Morals. The course consists of 

six lectures coming once a week. 
The Freshmen are required to at- 
tend. All other classes are invited. 

* * 

The first year English course 
was somewhat modified at the be- 
ginning of the session. There are 1 
now two recitations per week in it 
instead of three as last year. The 
third hour is given to history. Dr. 
Battle is the teacher and J. RJ 
Green's Shorter History of the 
English People is the text book. 


Prof. W. B. Phillips, Ph. D., was 
the person to deliver the second 
of the University Lectures for" 
this year, which took place Oct 
2nd. His subject was, "A Chem 
ist of the Sixteenth Century.' 
This period was the dawn o: 
Chemistry as well as of literature 
and the drama. He gave brief 
sketches of some of its leading 
men and presented in a brief but 
clear and forcible way the value 
and defects of their work. 



The thoroughness of the law 
students is increased by their 
"Quiz Clubs.'' Each class has one 
of its own. They elect one of 
their number chairman, and take 
a certain amount of work. The 
chairman prepares questions on 
the subject and there is a free and 
easy discussion of it. They meet 
every Saturday morning. T. N. 
Hill is president of the first club, 
and Alexander conducted the 
second before they applied for 
their license. They are full fledged 
lawyers now and may they ever be 
prosperous and happy. 

* * 

; Since the re-opening, the 22nd 
of February has been a holiday 
with us. Some member of the 
Senior class is chosen to deliver 
an oration. This year he came 
from the Di. Society and Mr. R. 
N. Hackett of the Personal De- 
partment was the choice* He is 
a good speaker and we think that 
he will reflect no discredit on him- 
self or friends. For two years we 
have had speeches with the Wash- 
ington element left out. May he 
follow closely in the footsteps of 
these worthy predecessors. . 

* * 

. Dr. Hume stole away from us 
for a little while the last of Sep- 
tember and ran down to Cedar 
Fork, eight miles below Durham, 
md dedicated a church there. It 
is a new building and speaks well 

for the energy and pluck of our 
Baptist brethren of that vicinity. 
The doctor went down on Satur- 
day and through the country, as 
there was no railroad station near 
the church, preached there on 
Sunday, preached in Durham Sun- 
day night and rode back Monday 
morning in time to meet his 
classes. He needs ah assistant. 
We cannot see how he stands up 
under such a constant strain, for 
it is work with him day in and 
day out. 

* * 

Prof. Atkinson has moved from 
his old quarters in Holmes' Hall 
and now uses the room in the 
new east first floor, adjoining Prof. 
Henry, for his lectures on physi- 
ology and zoology. This is much 
more convenient, as the Biological 
Laboratory is just opposite and 
the microscope can now be used 
without loss of time. The light 
is also better. 

* * 

Politics has been somewhat 
warm of late. The Di's had a 
caucus and staid in until 1 a. m. 
Then the Phi's tried their hand. 
" Tammany" had forty men in her 
caucus. They met at 9 ; by 12 
there were only twenty present ; 
at 1 a. m. there were only seven 
or eight and a ballot was taken: 
nearly every minute. Some one 
moved to adjourn. The chairman 
said it would take two-thirds of 
the members present ; this could 



not be obtained and the next hour 
wa6 spent in going all over college 
and in awakening sleeping men 
to get their proxies to adjourn ! 
These were finally obtained and 
the faithful few were rewarded 
with a rest from their labors. 

* * 

The Mitchell Scientific Society- 
has now entered on its fourth year. 
The meetings are held monthly 
and questions of importance to 
the scientific world are discussed. 
The membership is growing and 
the outlooks are for a prosperous 
year. The officers are Dr. Thos. 
F. Wood, of Wilmington, Pres.; 
Prof. Jos. A. Holmes, Vice-Pres.; 
and Prof. F. P. Venable, Secre- 
tary and Treasurer. The follow- 
ing is a list of the papers read be- 
fore the Society, Sept. 14 : 

1. Examination of N.C. Clays — 
W. B. Phillips. 

2. Treatment o f Refractory 
Phosphates— W. B. Phillips. 

3. Report on Last Meeting of 
American Association for Ad- 
vancement of Science-J. W. Gore. 

4. Note on Recently Discovered 
Elements — F. P. Venable. 

5. Note on Saccharine — F. P. 

6. New Instances of Protective 
Resemblance in Insects — G. F. 

7. Report on a Recent Discov- 
ery in Biology — G. F. Atkinson. 


Sept. 24th, by invitation of Prof. 

Henry, Dr. Shepherd gave an in- 
formal talk to the members of the 
classes in teaching on "Teaching 
and its Art." All were invited, 
and a number of ladies, some of 
the faculty and some students 
availed themselves of the oppor- 
tunity offered. He strove to im- 
press on his hearers the need of 
thoroughness and advocated the 
doctrine of a "broad, liberal and 
generous culture" against the new 
theories of mere expertness. He 
took up the question of language 
first and showed that a knowledge 
of old and historical English was 
needed even in primary depart- 
ments in explaining such phrases 
as / had rather, certain uses of the 
participle and certain uses of the 
adverb. He also suggested; 
methods of teaching literature, 
and of history by means of bio- 
graphy, always co-ordinating and 
associating events, by this means 
strengthening the memory and 
enabling one to call up the event 
more easily. 

The Board of Wardens for the 
Gymnasium for this year are as 
follows : From the Faculty, Profs. 
Phillips, chairman, Gore and Ven- 
able; from the students, L. M. 
Bourne, chairman, W. M. Curtis. 
Secretary, J. W. Alexander. 
Treasurer, W. E. Headen, O. D. 1 
Batchelor, C. F. Smith, H. Parker, 
L. D. Howell, W. M. Little and 
Hayne Davis. The Gymnasium 



is entirely under the management 
of these gentlemen. They have 
drawn up a series of regulations 
which govern all persons using it 
as follows : A fine shall be imposed 
for the following offences : acting 
or being on the mats, the horse, 
the horizontal and parallel bars 
with shoes, boots or heeled slip- 
pers on, smoking in the building 
and sitting in the windows, 25 
cents for each offence. 

Any abuse or injury to the ap- 
paratus or building, from 10 cents. 
to one dollar, at option of the 

All apparatus carelessly broken 
must be paid for. 

All fines must be paid within 
two weeks after they have been 
imposed, or the offender will be 
excluded from the Gymnasium. 
* * 

We were much pleased to hear 
a lecture from Dr. Henry E. 
Shepherd on Sir Walter Raleigh, 
Sept. nth. He took this person 
as a central figure around whom 
all of the important events of the 
time could be gathered. He 
sketched very rapidly his life and 
gave some account of his literary 
efforts. With this we begin the 
second year of our series of "Uni- 
versity Lectures." One is deliv- 
ered every month. Last year we 
were addressed by a number of 
the most cultivated men in the 
State and hope that we shall have 

the same good fortune this year. 
Henry E. Shepherd, LL. D. 
was born and reared in Cumber- 
land county, N. C., and is now 
about 44 years of age. He was 
the son of Jesse G. Shepherd, 
class '41, who was Speaker of the 
House of Commons 1856— '57, and 
Judge of the Superior Court in 
1858, and a nephew of James C. 
Dobbin, class '32, who was speaker 
of the House of Commons in 1850 
and Secretary of the U. S. Navy 
1853-57. He was educated at 
the University of Va., and has 
made teaching his profession. For 
a number of years he was Super- 
intendent of the public schools of 
the city of Baltimore and is now 
President of Charleston College, 
Charleston, S. C. He has made 
the English Language and Litera- 
ture his specialty and has written 
a very valuable and popular his- 
tory of our language, and is also 
the author of an Historical Reader. 
He is a pleasant speaker, earnest 
and enthusiastic. It does us good 
to hear such a man talk, for it in- 
spires us and makes us work the 
more. The University regrets 
that she cannot claim him as her 
son. His duties will not allow him 
to be with us much, but when he 
does come his welcome will be all 
the warmer. 


Our Methodist brethren are 
making efforts to build a new 
church here. Their present one 



is too small and its situation is 
not good. The new one will be 
on Franklin street, between Dr. 
Roberson's hotel and the resi- 
dence of Mr. Seaton Barbee and 
north of the N. W. B. Its dimen- 
sions will be 52x72. The main 
auditorium will be about 48 feet 
square and the pulpit will face 
Mr. Barbee's. At the end of the 
auditorium will be the infant class 
room and the Sunday school 
room. This last will seat 150 
people, will be separated from the 
main hall by folding doors, and in 
case of need the two can be 
thrown into one. 

The design is by Benjamin D. 
Price, of Philadelphia. The build- 
ing committee is composed of Dr. 
T. W. Harris, Foster Utley, John 
H. Watson, J. W. Carr and Ver- 
non W. Long. They are now at 
work burning the brick and hope 
to have 130,000 ready by the first 
of winter. 

Rev. R. B. John, class of 1880, 
has been engaged for some months 
in the work of raising funds and 
has secured about $2,000, besides 
two donations of $500 each, one 
from Julian S. Carr, Esq., of Dur- 
ham, and the other from the late 
Walter Scarboro, Esq., of Apple- 
ton, Wis., brother of Mrs. J. B. 
Martin of this place. The Metho- 
dists, like the other denominations, 
are at a serious disadvantage here 
for lack of numbers. The church 

has about eighty members in all 
but they have to provide for man) 
more. Methodist boys come hen 
from all over the State. Thei 
parents. cannot afford for them tc 
be without religious training anc 
how can we meet this demanc 
unless we have assistance frorr 
without? It becomes the duty 
then, of all Methodist parents who 
have sons here, and indeed of al 
persons who have an interest ir 
the spiritual welfare of young men 
to aid us in providing a more con 
venient and more commodious 
place of worship. Do this and it 
will be as bread cast upon the! 
waters. It will make the boys 
better, and through them the State! 
and Nation. 


Since the consolidation of th 
Libraries, the following series o 
regulations have been adopted b 
the Societies. They make the 
laws of each society the same and| 
allow all the books to be used as 
if belonging to the same body: 

Article I. 

Sec. 1. The Library shall be 
open only to persons who are 
members of the University and of 
one of the two Library Societies, 
with exceptions hereinafter pro 

Sec. 2. All resident ex-members 
may use the Library on payment 
of the library fees of their society 



and depositing with the bursar a 
:ontingent fee of $5.00 to cover 
damages or loss of books, fines, etc. 

Sec. 3. Any student of the Uni- 
versity not a member of either 
society may use the Library on 
payment of a Library fee of $1.25 
per term (or half session), to each 
society and depositing with the 
bursar a contingent fee of $5.00 
to cover damages or losses of 
books, fines, etc. 

• Sec. 4. Receipts from the 
proper persons for all fees must 
be presented to the Librarian in 
:harge before books may be taken 
3ut by any person. 

Sec. 5. No member shall be al- 
lowed to take out a book on any 
name but his own except with 
written or oral permission to the 
Librarian from the person to 
whom the book is to be charged. 

Sec. 6. No student who is not a 
member of one of the two socie- 
ties shall take out a book on any 
riame but his own. 

Article II. 

Sec. 1. Books may be kept out 
two weeks and may then be re- 
newed once. 

Sec. 2. No person shall be al- 
owed to have out more than three 
/olumes at one time. 

Sec. 3. A fine of 5c. per day 
shall be imposed for each volume 
)ver due. 

Sec. 3. All members when fined 
.hall pay the fine in their own 

Article III. 

Sec. 1. Loud talking, wearing 
of hats, lack of proper apparel, 
spitting on floor, putting feet on 
furniture, heavy walking, smoking 
and eating are strictly forbidden, 
and for each offence a fine of 25c. 
shall be imposed, and every mem- 
ber shall pay the fine in his own 
society. Fines imposed on non- 
members shall be divided equally 
between the two, and the Libra- 
rians shall be judges of all viola- 
tions of this rule. 

Sec. 2. All members losing or 
damaging books shall pay for the 
same in their own society, the Li- 
brarians being judges of the 
amount of the damage or value of 
book lost. 

Sec. 3. All books shall be re- 
turned one week before the end 
of the session, and for violations 
of this rule all persons shall be 
fined $1,00 for each volume and 
shall in addition pay 5c. per day 
for each volume until returned. 
Article IV. 

Sec. 1. No persons except 
members of the Faculty shall be 
allowed to visit the Library with- 
out a Librarian, unless at Library 

Sec. 2. When a book is taken 
out it must be charged to the 
proper person by the Librarian or 
his substitute, and must be re- 
turned to him, and for a violation 
of this section a fine of $2.00 shall 
be imposed. 



Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of 
the Librarians to enforce these 
regulations and report all viola- 
tions to the Societies, and all pre- 
vious society regulations not in- 

validated by these rules shall be 
considered still in force. 

Sec. 4. The hours for opening! 
the Libraries shall be fixed by the 
Library committees. 

Personal Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 

— James Thomas, class '86, is 
teaching in the Newbern Graded 

— C. T. Grandy, class '86, is 
teaching in Elizabeth City. 

— We will be favored on anniver- 
sary day with an address by Prof. 
Ed. Alderman, of Goldsboro. 
Those who attend the exercises 
may expect to be well entertained. 

— P. B. Manning, class '86, is 
teaching in Wilmington. 

— L. B. Grandy, class '86, is at- 
tending the University of Vir- 
ginia. We suppose, to take a 
course in law. 

— Five students from the Uni- 
versity Law school will apply for 
license at the October session of 
the Supreme Court. We wish 
them success. 

— S. P. Graves, who was at the 
University in '84, is attending the 
Law school. 

— E. B. Cline, class '86, and 
formerly editor of the MAGAZINE, 
is teaching in Hickory. 

— N. H. D. Wilson, valedicto- 
rian of class '86, is teaching. 

— Mr. S. to his younger brother 
who is a freshman : Say bud ! A 
fellow told me that you had too 
sedentary habits, and that it would 
ruin your health. Younger broth 
er. What two habits was he talk 
ing about. 

— G. B. Patterson, class '86, is 

— F. M. Little left us a few 
days ago to take charge of his 

— F. Dixon, class '86, and C. C. 
Gidney, class '88, are principals of 
the Shelby High School. "Dick" 
will make an excellent teacher if 
he don't get to playing knucks 
next Spring. They have a good 
number of pupils. 



— Most of the boys who gradu- 
ated last year are now teaching. 
This fact is an evidence of the 
good that the chair of Pedagogics 
is doing. 

— The University is now en- 
abled to send out men who are in 
every way fitted to carry on a 
school as it should be. Prof. 
Henry takes a great deal of inter- 
est in his work. He will take his 
class to Durham soon to show 
them the workings of a Graded 

— Of the nine men who have 
been nominated for Congress by 
the Democrats in this State, six 
are Alumni of the University, 
viz: Latham, McClammy, Row- 
land, Graham, Henderson and 

— J. W. Hayes, who some years 
ago entered the Soph, class, con- 
tinued with it till his senior year, 
and left in that to take a position 
on the Geological survey, is at- 
taining notoriety as a story writer. 
He writes stories for the Youth's 
Companion and like periodicals, 
which stories are very interesting. 
Spending his time during the 
Summer months in the mountains 
, of North Carolina, he has good 
opportunities to collect material 
for these stories. 

— The Senior class has done the 

. graceful thing by adopting black 

silk hats as a class hat. They 

have also changed the song of the 
dude so as to read thus : 

" I'm a dude, Senior dude, 
You can tell by my hat that I'm in fashion, 
Bang my hair, Beaver wear, 

I'm a dandy, a Senior, a dude." 

— H. G. Osborne, who has a 
position in the department of the 
interior, has lately been promoted, 
and his salary considerably in- 
creased, t 

— A freshman a few evenings 
ago called on a young lady in the 
village and the following part of 
the conversation carried on by 
him was overheard. As the one 
who overheard it would not tell 
us the freshman's name, we will 
not be held responsible for it. 
The conversation was as follows: 

Freshman : La ! You ought to 
have seen a big worm I caught 
for Prof. Atkinson the other day." 
(Young lady looks abashed and 
remains silent.) After silent for 30 
minutes the freshman resumes : 
" I've got a brother that won't eat 
butter. My pa beat him nearly 
to death one day and he just 
wouldn't eat no butter at all." 


— Lost, strayed or stolen. A 
freshman. He left on short no- 
tice at the rate of 3 miles a min- 
ute. The last that was seen of 
him was his coat-tail as it flapped 
high in the air when he jumped 
the wall. Thus his college hopes 
have all been dissipate-ed. The 
boys should erect a stone to com- 



memorate this event bearing the 
following inscription: 

Sacred to the memory of freshman Pate, 
Who left Chapel Hill at a terrible rate, 
This ne'er would have happened had he not 

been believer 
In the deceitful tales of Bob Sapp and Mc- 


Julius Johnson, a former stu- 
dent of the University, has been 
nominated for the House by the 
democrats of Caswell. 

— O. C. Odell, class '87, is study- 
ing medicine in New York city. 

— E. P. Mangum, class '85, is 
teaching in Kinston. 

— We were favored a few days 
ago by a visit from Judge Connor. 
Every one who met the Judge 
seemed highly pleased with him. 

— George Mallett, who studied 
medicine at the University in '83 
and '84, is back again, a full 
fledged M. D. It is his intention 
to stay awhile and practice with 
his uncle. 

— A few weeks ago there was 
a ball in Gymnasium Hall given 
complimentary to the Misses Phil- 
lips from Washington, D. C, who 
are here on a visit. There was 
another one on the 1st of Octo- 
ber. The music was furnished by 
the Chapel Hill colored string 

— Chronicles of the Grape 
Stealers.— And in the latter 
days of September, which is the 

ninth month, were the vines load 
ed with grapes which were pleas 
ant to the taste. So sixreasonec 
among themselves, saying then 
are grapes in great abundance bu 
we have none. Let us meet at th< 
third watch of the night and lei 
each man take him a sack, that he 
may take it to his room filled wit! 
the fruit of the vine, and there eal 
his fill? And two apart from the 
others talked with one another; 
saying: There be two damsels 
afar off who are destitute of these 
luxuries. As Jacob labored 14 
years for a woman, should not we; 
labor one hour? This being de- 
cided en, they took each man a 
sack and went their way into the 
vineyard. And after they had 
filled their sacks they congratu-j 
lated themselves that they had 
filled them without having been 
seen by the owner of the vineyard. 
As they were leaving, lq, from the 
house came a great dog and as the' 
last man climbed over the fence, 
the dog seized him by the tail of 
his coat, and as he contended 
with the dog the owner of the 
vineyard came upon him and en- 
deavored to smite him, but the 
young man being very agile eluded 
him. Verily this young man was 
one who gathered grapes for his 
girl, and having lost them and 
part of his pants in the affray he 
went away sorrowful. — Selah. 



Reviews and Literary Notes. 

V. W. Long. 

Barbara s Vagaries (Harper & 
Bros., N. Y.) is the story of a 
summer spent at what the author- 
ess (M. L. Tidball) calls a North 
Carolina sea-shore resort. 

I think she should have called 
it a Virginia resort, — the scene 
evidently being at Old Point, Vir- 

The heroine, a very interesting 
and sprightly girl from the moun- 
tains of Western North Carolina, 
blossoms out as the belle of the 
season and captivates numerous 
beatix, — Dennis Ainsworth in par- 
ticular. Finally, without saying 
good bye to her friends, she sets 
out in a boat and is picked up by 
a steamer and carried to Norfolk. 
She is mourned as dead, but years 
afterwards she and her admirer 
meet, and the merry wedding 
bells ring out, and the curtain 
drops upon a happy couple. The 
story, although apparently a first 
effort, is breezily told, and serves 
as a very pleasant companion for 
an idle hour. 

King Solomon s Mines (Cassell 
& Co., N. Y.), is a book out of the 
usual order. It is a kind of com- 
promise between Robinson Crusoe 
and the Arabian Nights. 

The author takes an English- 
man to South Africa in search of 
a lost brother, supplies him with 
guides, and starts him across the 
desert in search of diamond mines. 
They find the diamonds, are shut 
up in the mines by an old witch, 
finally escape (with a pocket full 
of gems) and return to civiliza- 
tion. The statements are Mun- 
chausenlike, and all the while it 
appears that the author hasn't the 
slightest idea of your believing 
them, but simply wants to enter- 
tain you with his marvellous 
yarns. There is a vein of humor 
that continues through the whole 
book and makes it highly agreea- 
ble. Even when the most as- 
tounded by the magnitude of the 
statements, you can't help laugh- 
ing with the author at his bland 
way of putting them. For origi- 
nality it is much above the aver- 
age novel of the day, and makes 
a first rate addition to Messrs. 
Cassell & Co's Rainbow Series 
(25 cents each). 

Whatever Frank R. Stockton 
tvrites the American people will 
buy. A few years ago he was 
known as an occasional contribu. 
tor to the Youth 's Companion, and 



similar publications. That lucky 
hit, "The Lady or The Tiger?" 
published in The Century Maga- 
zine set the world talking about 
him, and every story since written 
by him has been very favorably 
received by the reading public. 
• There is something so original 
in his stories that they form a 
separate group in our literature, 
as do the prose tales of Poe. The 
situations are so unexpected and 
oftentimes so humojous, the style 
so simple and easy, that it is next ' 
to an impossibility to dislike them. 
The Century Magazine for July, 
1886, contains a biographical 
sketch, accompanied by two en- 

gravings of the author, and is e> 
ceedingly interesting. 

Messrs. Chas. Scribner's Son 
(N. Y.) have recently collected h 
stories in two volumes, and the 
certainly ought to find a place i 
every well selected library. Th 
volume before us, — " The Chris 
mas Wreck and Other Storie 
(price $1.25) contains amon 
others, " The Remarkable Wrec 
of the Thomas Hyke," " My Bu 
Calf," and "The Discourager c 
Hesitancy," (a . sequel to " Th 
Lady or The Tiger ?"— each c 
which has received wide praise, an 
each a literary curiosity in itself. 

Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery. 

Pay your subscription. — Ex. 
"The wages of sin are death.' 

* * 


Jefferson Davis is writing a new 
book. — Ex. 

One more straw to be placed 
upon the backs of the yet unborn. 

* * 

The innocence of the intention 
abates nothing of the mischief of 
the example.— Ex. 

* * 

An exchange in advocating se- 
vere discipline in Colleges, says ; 

" Indeed the absence of go\' 
ernment in Michigan Universit 
was so notorious that some wa 
was tempted to say that the Un 
versity had but two rules : 

(1). No student shall set on fir 
any of the College buildings. 

(2). Under no circumstance 
shall any student kill a member o 
the faculty." 

How are they on^hazing? 

* * 

Of the last class of Yale num 
bering 149, 57 intend to becom 



lawyers, 27 go into business, 11 
study medicine, 19 teach, 5 be- 
come engineers, and only 6 have 
the ministry in view. 

This leads an exchange to re- 
mark that the College must have 
lost the idea which its President 
in 1864 had, that " Colleges are 
societies of ministers for training 
up persons for the work of the 


With pleasure do we acknowl- 
edge receipt of the Muhlenburg 
Monthly of Muhlenburg College, 
Allentown, Pennsylvania. It is 
handsomely gotten up, and is one 
of the representative journals of 
the College World. 

* * 


The Argtis of the University of 
Wisconsin is spicy and cheerful. 
Although it has just been estab- 
lished, yet we predict for it a long 
and prosperous life. Its editors 
mean business, and are not wait- 
ing for "something to turn up," 
but they are "turning something 
up." They send us a very reada- 
ble journal, well printed and 

Success to you, gentlemen. 

* * 

The Niagara Index is one of the 
old exchanges of our Magazine, and 
we welcome it still. It is a pleas- 
ure to receive such well gotten up 
exchanges from the distant parts 
of our land. 


The Academy of Salem, N. C, 
is another proof of the vim and 
push of the young ladies of our 
female colleges. It is a lively, 
entertaining journal, well edited 
and neatly gotten up in every 
respect. If the colleges are in 
any way to be judged by their 
representative journals, North 
Carolinians have just cause to feel 


* * 

The College Message, of Greens- 
boro Female College, comes to us 
as sweet and sprightly as usual. 
The two young ladies, who have 
control, certainly place the friends 
and supporters of the institution 
under heavy obligations by their 
admirable management of the 

Whenever we receive one of 
these exchanges, the old editors 
heart swells with pride and he 
feels like going out amid the last 
shades of evening, when "all the 
air a solemn stillness holds" and 
joining — with the sweet voices of 
"Pullet" and "Star" in singing to 
the tune of Sweet Violets that 
familiar piece : 

" All her (N. C.) girls are charming 
Graceful too and gay, 
Happy as the blue birds in the month of 

May ; 

And they steal your heart, too 

By their magic powers, 
O, there are no girls on earth 

That can compare with ours." 


7 6 


The October number of the 
Southern Bivouac is out with its 
usual variety of interesting and 
entertaining articles. Dr. Felix 
L. Oswald closes the summer sea- 
son with a delightful paper on some 
of the out-of-the-way watering- 
places. A northern soldier draws 
a striking comparison between the 
campaigns of Gen. Lee and Gen. 
Grant. Col. Robt. H. Woolley 
has an im 

to Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston's 
purposes in fighting the battle of 
Shiloh, and Col. W. Allen reviews 
Gen. Longstreet's account of 
Lee's invasion of Maryland. As 
a war issue the October Bivouac 
is excellent. 

But aside from these war pa- 
pers the Magazine has much to 
interest the general reader. The 
poets are well represented and the 
reader, whatever he may seek, 
will be apt to find it in this issue 
of the Bivouac. 

* ' 
For the benefit of those who 
are in the clutches of the " terri- 
ble disease" spoken of in the 
editorial columns of our last issue 
and especially for the junior who 
has control of the Editorial De- 
partment — drunken m e n, you 
know, always think other people 
are not sober — we have clipped 
the following table which exhibits 
the popular names of the day. 
Let each one preserve a copy of 
this issue of our MAGAZINE and in 

after life, if he has any cause for 
knowing the different names he 
can refer to this table. It is based 
on the first or leading names of 
100,000 children — 50,000 males 
and 50.000 females registered in 
England in 1882 : 

Order. Names. Number. 

1 Mary 6,8i8 

2 William 6,590 

3 John 6,230 

4 Elizabeth 4,617 

portant paper relating , ™ a ' 

|t r.. , ., „ . I 5 Thpmas 3.876 

6 — George 3,620 

7 Sarah 3,602 

8 James _ 3,060 

9 ..Charles. 2,323 

10 Henry.. ... ..2,060 

n Alice 1,925 

12 Joseph -1,780 

13 Ann 1,718 

14 Jane 1,697 

15 - - - Ellen 1,621 

16 Emily 1,615 

17 Frederick 1,604 

18 .Annie 1,580 

19 Margaret 1,546 

20 — Emma 1,540 

21 Eliza 1,507 

22 Robert 1,323 

23 Arthur 1,237 

24 Alfred 1,232 

25 Edward 1 ,180 

Total number of children (out 
of 100,000) registered under 
the above twenty-five names. ..65,895 

It will be observed that these 
twenty-five titles belong to about 
two-thirds of the 100,000 children. 
It is also evident on examination, 
that, however great the variety of 
the names divided among the re- 
maining third, there was but one 
name to every 26.35 persons. 



There is good reason for suppos- 
ing that the table affords a fair 
sample of the proportions in 
which personal titles are distribu- 
ted among our own population. 
Preserve this table. But I would 
suggest that, before using any 
name herein contained, you re- 
member the confusion that often 
arises in large classes, as in our 
public schools, on account of so 
many children bearing the same 

Prof. Fasolt was never so popu- 
lar among the girls as the night of 
the shock. They really clung to 
him. — G. F. C. Message. 

We are sorry for you, Professor. 
We always sympathize with suf- 
fering humanity, and after reading 
the above account of your trou- 
ble, we almost wish we could have 
been present to help bear your 


— Cornell gets Jumbo's heart. 

— Yale is happy over its new 

—A Catholic college has been 
established at Detroit, Mich. 

— There are more colleges in 
Ohio than in all Europe put to- 

— Wookstock College, Md., has 
a library of thirty-eight thousand 

— Compulsory attendance at 
religious services has been abol- 
ished at Harvard. 

— The botanical collection of 
Columbia College approximates 
75,000 specimens and includes 
about half of the forms of plants 
known to exist. 

— Chicago University goes. The 
trustees despair ; they have given 
up the attempt to maintain the in- 
stitution longer. 

— The University of Michigan 
has turned out 20 presidents of 
colleges and 74 college professors. 

— " The Higher Education of 
woman a crime against nature and 
a sin against God," is the subject 
of a sermon preached a few years 
since by Dean Baurgan of Oxford, 

— James Russell Lowell will 
deliver the oration at the two 
hundred and fifteenth anniversary 
of Harvard, which will be observed 
with unusual honors early in No- 



— The Connecticut public 
school fund is said to be still the 
largest in America. 

— The schools of Austria have 
been forbidden to use paper, ruled 
in square or diagonal lines, as 
such paper has been found to in- 
jure the eyesight. 

— Trinity College, Hartford, is 
under the control of the Episcopal 
church. Yale is congregational in 
its tendencies, Princeton Presby- 
terian and Harvard's exercises 
(religious) are conducted by a 
number of pastors representing a 
variety of beliefs. The Holy 
Cross College at Worcester, is one 
of the largest under Roman 
Catholic control. 

— The President of Bovvdoin 
is the youngest college president 
in the country. He is a Harvard 
graduate of the class of '79. 

— In an address -at the last com- 
mencement of Williams College, 
with which he has been connected 
for fifty-six years, the venerable 
Rev. Dr. Mark Hopkins stated 
that it had graduated in that time 
1,736 students, all but thirty-one 
of whom had been taught by him. 

— The Egyptian University at 
Cairo had an attendance of over 
4,000 students in 986 and ten 
years ago had a faculty of 231 
professors and an attendance of 
7,698 students. Its library con- 
tains many old and valuable 

Hon. T. C. MANNING. 



niversity Magazine. 

November, 1886. 

Old Series Vol. XIX. 
New Series Vol. VI. 


No. 3. 


Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 


Thomas Courtland Manning, 
now minister of the United States 
to the Republic of Mexico, was 
horn in Edenton, N. C. He came 
at an early age to the University 
of the State, but was compelled 
by ill health to leave before his 

He was principal of the Eden- 
ton Academy for several years be- 
fore he had attained his majority 
and soon impressed all who were 
brought in contact with him as a 
young gentleman of fine promise. 

He was licensed to practice law 
3y the Supreme Court of the 
State, and followed his profession 
n his native town until December, 

1855, when he moved to Louisi- 
ana and located at Alexandria. 
His manly presence, his scholarly 
and professional acquirements and 
his high character soon won for 
him numerous friends and a lucra- 
tive business, and in 1861 he was 
the acknowledged leader of the 
bar in his section of*the State. 

In 1 861 he was elected to the 
State Convention from Rapides 
parish, and was made aide-de-camp 
to Gov. Moore. In 1863 he was 
appointed Adjutant General with 
the rank of Brigadier General. 

In January, 1864, General Man- 
ning was appointed Associate 
Justice of the Supreme Court, 



and this position he held until 
the close of the war. 

At the close of the war Judge 
Manning returned to Alexandria 
and resumed his practice which 
very soon became extensive and 
highly remunerative. 

In 1872 he was elected a dele- 
gate to the conventions of the 
" Reform" and " Liberal" parties, 
at the latter of which McEnery 
was nominated for Governor. In 
the same year he was Presidential 
elector for the State at large on 
the Democratic ticket, and in 1876 
was selected as a delegate for the 
State at large to the National 
Democratic Convention which 
met at St. Louis. 

In 1877 he was appointed Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court by 
Gov. Nichols. 

"The installation of the Su- 
preme Judges appointed by Gov- 
ernor Nichols, was probably one 
of the most dramatic events that 
has ever occurred in any court 
room of this country," and in this 
drama the Chief Justice was the 
most conspicuous figure. 

When the commission appoint- 
ed by President Hayes, composed 
of McFeigh, Harlan and others, 
arrived in New Orleans they invi- 
ted the Supreme Court to meet 
them. The judges made the visit 
not in a body or officially, but in- 
dividually and informally. Judge 
Lawrence of the commission re- 
marked that they had heard an 

argument from the Packard Court 
and would now listen to an argu- 
ment from them in support of the 
Nichols Court. "The Chief Jus- 
tice informed the commission 
that neither he nor his associates 
had come there to argue or to de- 
fend, or even to discuss their 
status. They constituted the Su- 
preme Court of Louisiana, they 
were the arbiters of others' causes. 
They had none to plead of their 
own." " Let it be known," said 
the Chief Justice, "that argu- 
ment is wanted by the commis- 
sion, and from John A. Campbell 
to the youngest person at the bar, 
the argument will be presently 

In 1878 the University of North; 
Carolina conferred upon Judge 
Manning the degree of LL. D. 
He had been theretofore appoint- 
ed one of the trustees of the Pea- 
body Fund. Judge Manning re- 
mained on the Supreme bench as 
Chief Justice or Associate Justice 
until a short time before his ap- 
pointment as Minister by Presi- 
dent Cleveland. 

Judge Manning's opinion in the 
" Returning Board cases" closes 
with this sentence : " Rather let 
it be known of all men that a 
court can consider neither expe- 
diency nor policy — that it cannot 
shape its judgments either to re 
alize the hopes of friends or quiel 
the fears of foes— and that judges 
may abhor a malefactor and yel 


refuse to condemn him contrary 
to the law." 

Of this opinion Professor Moore 
of the University of Virginia 
writes as follows : " Pray accept 
my thanks for having afforded me 
the satisfaction of reading Chief 
Justice Manning's vigorous opin- 
ion in Anderson's case, an opinion 
which reflects no less credit on 
his judicial acumen, than the cir- 
cumstances under which it was 
delivered do upon the stubborn 
honor which can no more be 
tamed by the fierce cry of the 
multitude, than by the threats. 
The judge who shows himself 
thus worthy of Horace's lofty 
ascription to the justum ac tena- 
cem propositi virum ought to be 
highly appreciated by his country- 

men, especially at a time when 
modest and courageous virtue is 
so little the characteristic of pub- 
lic functionaries." 

In 1883, Judge Manning deliv- 
ered the address before the two 
literary societies of this Univer- 
sity, a most scholarly and timely 
appeal to the young men of the 
State to discharge faithfully their 
political duties. 

The friends of Judge Manning 
in North Carolina and Louisiana 
believe that their distinguished 
fellow-citizen will carry into his 
new position the dignity, courage, 
and lofty patriotism that has 
hitherto marked his career, and 
that in his case neither the Presi- 
dent nor the republic will be dis- 
appointed in their expectations. 


Calm was the sky, and not a fleecy cloud 
Obscured the face of Heaven. The starry host 
Gleamed in the azure vault, and the pale moon, 
Her course majestic trailed along the sky 
Unshadowed and sublime ; and as she rode 
Profusely shimmering her borrowed beams 
Upon the placid deep, her image fair 
Danced on its gently undulating bosom. 
The proud ship glided smoothly with the breeze 
From the far west that intermittent rushed, 
Swelled the full sail, and sighing, passed away. 


No distant headland limited the gaze, 

Far as the straining vision could extend, 

The mighty ocean stretched his broad expanse. 

The Heaven and water met. Sublime the view, 

Yet fairer than sublime. Thus smiled the scene, 

But Ah ! how brief that smile ! 

I looked again, 'twas changed. The rising blast, 

Low murmuring, swept along the troubled deep, 

And mossy clouds, scarce visible at first, 

But fast increasing, from the horizon rose, 

And veiled the lowering sky. Such portents marked 

The tempest's swift approach. The wearied watch, 

As thoughtfully and slow he paced the deck, 

Wrapped in the memory of departed joys, 

Shook off his dreams, and on the sombre veil 

Fixed his arrested gaze as if to pierce 

Its gloomy depths. Nature before was fair, 

Now, changing to terrific; hitherto 

The scene was marked by awful, silent beauty, 

But now the thunder muttered from afar, 

The distant lightnings glared, the angry wind 

Rushed fierce across the billow, and the ocean 

Heaved his broad bosom to the passing blast. 

I looked — again 'twas changed. Deluging rain, 

The lightning's flashes thro' the impervious gloom, 

Ruled the tremendous scene ; and from his lair 

Within the dark rolling cloud with dissonance harsh, 

The thunder howled exulting. Fearful below, 

The foaming waters dashed with lawless rage, 

Above, the heaps, of cloud obscured the sky, 

And veiled the lustre of the stars. 

The ship appeared, 
Her rent sails gleaming white amid the gloom, 
A small bright, speck, amid the fierce encounter, 
Of warring elements. Nature's every power, 
Seemed in the storm exerted to destroy 
The only beings that could feel its rage. 
The yawning sea disclosed its inmost depths, 
And ope'd his horrid entrails to engulf 


The reeling bark. The blast in vengeance swept, 
And soon the rigging rent — the masts uptorn, 
Its violence attested. Angry lightning 
Played dreadfully around her and the thunder, 
Straining his awful lungs with deafening roar, 
Stunned the shocked brain. A sudden flash 
Disclosed the frail bark slowly rising on a wave 
High in the troubled air — another saw 
Her tremble on its crest — then swiftly sink 
Into the gulf profound — until again, 
On an enormous billow's back upraised, 
Another bright glare dissipates the gloom, 
And by its lurid light she's seen to reach 
The topmost ridge — then dashed the wave 
Her body from beneath, and in the abyss, 
Again she headlong plunged. 

But now afar, 
Its bright crest sparkling in the beamless gloom, 
Appears a ridge of foam. Swiftly it comes 
Upon the wings of fate. Destruction lurks 
Within its liquid bosom. Nearer and nearer. 
High rearing its dark volume toward the heaven, 
The fatal wave approaches. Now the bark 
Is lifted on its back, slowly she mounts 
Toward the fatal crest, she reaches it, 
A moment hesitates, then reeling round, 
Down in the fathomless abyss precipitate, 
She plunged — and plunged alas! no more to rise. 
And now naught animate witnesses the strife, 
The storm resounds and wild winds moan, and flash 
The lightning's liquid flames — and roll the thunder 
In solitary grandeur. Nothing hears, 
Or sees, or feels, the howling tempest's rage. 
I looked, 'twas changed again. No murky cloud 
Volleyed tremendous the electric charge 
From its dark, heaving breast. Far, far above, 
Unsullied stretched the cloudless firmament. 
Bright was the scene, and for ascending Sol, 
The hastening morn with rosy fingers ope'd 


The portals of the east. Mute was the scene ; 

No northern blast resounded ; but the Zephyr 

Skimmed soft the surface of the sleeping sea, 

Which smiled in tranquil beauty. Faithless Ocean ! 

Such is thy fickle nature ; petulant, 

Inconstant too as woman. For a moment 

Thou art as lovely, but oh ! what a change 

Can an hour's space effect ! Horrid thou art 

When thy dark billows open to the blast, 

When clouds obscure the ardent atmosphere, 

And o'er thy agitated bosom howls, 

The demon of the winds. As beauteous, when 

No wars disturb the smoothness of thy face, 

Nor tempests veil the sky. 

Phillip W. Alston. 

(The above poem was delivered in the Dialectic Society in 1828, 
by Phillip W. Alston, and having found it among some old papers ii 
the archives of that society, we concluded to publish it, thinking that 
such gems should no longer remain hidden from the world. — Ed.) 


When we look around us in this 
beauteous world made to promote 
man's happiness and usefulness, 
we see numberless resources unde- 
veloped and lost to humanity. 
One looks upon the block ot mar- 
ble untouched by the sculptor's 
hand and sees an image as exqui 
site in beauty, as perfect in sym- 
metry as ever was polished by the 
chisel of a Phidias ; and yet the 
block remains an unseemly, life- 

less mass. He turns his mind to 
the gems that sleep beneath the 
ocean's wave and sees there hord- 
ed treasures that would adorn the 
brightest diadem of earth. There 
is the wrecked wealth of merchant- 
ships and sea-buried cities that 
would enrich the emporium of the 
world ; but those treasures still lie 
beyond his grasp. There repose 
in the secret recesses of earth 
jewels and metals of every cast 



sufficient to decorate the royal 
palaces of man and rear the most 
splendid cities of gold ; but alas ! 
its geological formation did not 
place them on the surface and 
mankind is no richer for their ex- 
istence. Whenever you look in 
the broad field of space or the 
earth's remotest bounds, you will 
see powers not called into action, 
resources untouched by the hand 
of utility. 

But when I turn my mind to 
our own beloved country, the 
"Old North State," crowned by 
nature with beauty and majesty 
fortified on the west by fir-capped 
mountains as eternal monuments 
of her stability, whose wave-beaten 
shores on the east are the con- 
stant auditors of that ocean's 
voice whose measureless depths 
are a type of our own glorious 
and exhaustless resources, traver- 
sed by sparkling rivers as beauti- 
ful as the fabled waters of Gre- 
cian story, a land altogether fitted 
by God to be the most blessed 
habitation for humanity, I here 
see buried treasures more valuable 
than the gold which glitters in 
the bosom of the earth, more 
priceless than the gems which 
sparkle under the ocean's wave. 
It is ihe jewels of mind, the dia- 
monds of undeveloped character. 
The immortal mind of man ! Who 
-can estimate its value? Who can 
delineate the possibilities of its 
nature, the powers of its expan- 

sion, the endlessness of its dura- 
tion ! Here in the heart of our 
own commonwealth lie dormant 
faculties of intellect, which de- 
veloped, might astonish the world 
with their brilliance and the true 
Promethean fire which might light 
up a continent with the full-orbed 
splendor of- thought. Here sleeps 
the latent power of genius which 
when awakened is 

" Ordained to fire the adoring sun of earth 
With every charm of wisdom and of worth ; 
Ordained to light with intellectual day 
The mazy wheels of nature as they play !" 

It is a pitiable sight to see the 
potentialities of an immortal na- 
ture borne down by an evergrow- 
ing weight which debars their 
freedom and expansion. And if 
their liberation is an enterprise in 
which we are not interested, it is 
a work in which God and angels 
are profoundly concerned. No 
fetters are so binding as those 
that chain down the faculties 
which would grapple with the 
contending forces of the world; 
no prison bars so enslaving as 
those that cage up the genius 
which would spread her wings 
and soar into the empyrean of 
thought. Our profoundest sympa- 
thies are called forth for the 
youth in whose bosom the first 
impulses of ambition are felt, im- 
pelling him on to a glorious des- 
tiny, to the highest and noblest ■ 
ends of his being. " To feel that 
thirst and hunger of the soul he 



cannot still; that longing, that 
wild impulse and struggle after 
something he has not," these are 
evidences of a desire to reign in 
a sphere more exalted than the 
proudest monarchies of earth. 
He yearns for those attainments 
which will extend his dominion 
over the material world, he grasps 
for those powers with which he 
can strive more nobly for the ele- 
vation of his race, he struggles to 
wrest himself from those forces 
which contract the faculties of his 
nature and to place himself on an 
eminence for which his God-given 
endowments have fitted him; but 
alas ! how many times his proud- 
est hopes are blighted and genius 
cramped, and at the close of an 
unsuccessful career "drops into 
the grave unpitied and unknown." 
As we look upon his last resting 
place we enter into the spirit of 
Gray's immortal Elegy and give 
utterance to the feeling in that 
matchless verse : 

" Perhaps there lies in that neglected spot 
A heart once pregnant with celestial fire ; 
Hands that the rod of empire might have 

Or waked to ecstacy the living lyre !" 

This love seems more enor- 
mous, this sympathy is more pro- 
found since such abundant means 
are afforded for satisfying these 
longings of the youthful mind and 
for drawing out the faculties and 
susceptibilities which are yet dor- 
mant in the palace of the soul. A 

stream of knowledge which would 
refresh our minds with the satis- 
fying draught still flows on down 
the ages of the world. The Attic 
shore is yet resounding with the 
teachings of its ancient ages and 
philosophers. The city on the 
Tiber will enrich humanity for un- 
born centuries with herintellectual 
treasures. The learning of modern 
Europe is sweeping with resistless 
tide over the stablest fortification 
of superstition and demolishing 
the strongest citadels of ignor- 
ance. America has a literature 
and system of philosophy which 
will blend mankind as long as the 
English language shall exist, as 
long as her name shall be cher- 
ished in the hearts of her sons. 
The present with all its store of 
science and philosophy calls to 
partake of the offering. Unlock 
the resources of the past and you 
find a collection exhaustless in the 
provision to satisfy the thirst of 
the mind and the hunger of the 
soul. And this priceless heritage 
is lost to the man of this age if he 
does not appropriate its riches to 
the development of his Heaven- 
born endowments ; if by access to 
the vast libraries of our country 
his mind is not enkindled by the 
fire which glows in those volumes, 
if his soul does not catch the in- 
spiration of those authors. 

But when we emerge from be- 
neath the murky clouds which 
overhang our intellectual horizon 



and walk in the light of intelli- 
gence whose beams flood our 
country with a halo of glory and 
drink from the fountains that 
stimulate our zeal and metamor- 
phize our nature, a transforma- 
tion is wrought in our lives more 
wonderful than the most clearly 
marked changes in the natural 
world. It is as the cold, bleak 
research of winter devoid of life 
and denuded of the rich garments 
of summer, wreathing on his brow 
the garlands of an immortal spring. 
The change is first wrought in 
ourselves and through us is ex- 
tended in revolutionizing the prin- 
ciples and systems of the world. 
A few centuries ago the intellec- 
tual wealth of the east was buried 
in the wreck of the ages; the 
brilliancy of ancient empires 
shone only in the past ; the peace- 
ful dominions over which thought 
once reigned in supremacy, were 
overrun by hordes of barbarians ; 
clouds of superstition were hover- 
ing over the broad realms of hu- 
manity; and the brazen-crested 
tide of ignorance was sweeping 
with majestic surge over the em- 
pire of thought and religion. 
Look upon the chart of the cen- 
turies and see whose hands are 
employed in driving back the 
advancing tide of oppression. You 
see the votaries of learning, the ad- 
vocates of a developed manhood, 
coming from the monasteries, the 
cloisters of knowledge with their 

minds sharpened and invigorated, 
with the sceptre of thought glit- 
tering and drawn for the conquest 
of their foes. There have been 
revolutions in learning, revolu- 
tions in morals as well as revolu- 
tions in politics, and each has had 
its heroes. And those who have 
triumphed in these enterprises 
have drunk deeply from the 
streams of knowledge, having 
their minds empowered with the 
vigor of its draught and their 
hearts aglow with zeal for the 
amelioration of mankind. 

There has been a Bacon in phi- 
losophy, a Newton in science, a 
Luther in ethics, as well as a Na- 
poleon in politics ; and these have 
wielded the sceptre with a mon- 
arch's grasp over their respective 
empires. The aphorism " knowl- 
edge is power" has become too 
trite for repetition. But its truth- 
fulness will exist when the 1 sys- 
tem of philosophy of its immortal 
author shall expire. This factor 
in the world rules with a firmer 
rod than the mightiest monarch 
that sits on his throne, forming 
the character of men and shaping 
the destinies of nations. It stands 
at the helm and guides the ship 
of nations over the stormy waves 
of international life. No heritage 
is so great as the treasure of a 
developed mind. Physical force 
may be mighty in its accomplish- 
ments, but mind is infinitely more 
powerful. Under its bosom the 


hero in life's battle triumphs him- 
self and leads on to victory the 
advancing army of his country- 

Weighty as may be these re- 
flections, there are obligations 
from which man cannot be ab- 
solved. To himself he owes a 
duty from which no earthly power 
can release him. The elementals 
of his individuality are susceptible 
of an endless progression. Were 
his craft destined to sail only on 
the straits of this life, the obliga- 
tion would not be so binding; but 
his bark is launched for a never 
ending voyage on the broad ex- 
panse of duration's shoreless 
ocean. In his bosom is a spark of 
celestial fire which shall glow with 
untold splendor when the bright 
Sirine shall have faded from his 
throne, a germ of immortality 
which shall brighten with acces- 
sion to its glory when systems 
and worlds shall be hurled into 
ruin. With this the mightiest of 
all arguments, appealing to the 
strongest elements of his nature, 
no man is insensible to the voice 
within struggling for utterance; and 
aside from unfolding the attri- 
butes of his own personality, he 
owes to a common humanity a 
debt which naught but his full- 
developed services can pay. The 
same eternal hand which grouped 
the Pleiades in their glittering 
sisterhood, has woven ties be- 
tween human hearts as indissolu- 

ble as the union of Heaven itself 
Individual man can release him 
self from them no more than h 
can break the forces of natur 
which hold together in harmoni 
ous action the plants of a universe 
But with them he can draw othe 
hearts around him and lift immoi 
tal minds from the sinks of earth 
ly ruin, and thus perform exploit 
whose magnitude the Omniscen 
alone can estimate. There ma; 
be m him latent powers of inflii 
ence and dormant forces of mag 
netism which he might send ou: 
as a powerful cable and draw i 
to the shores of light and hono 
and piety, a storm-beaten craft c 
a hundred souls, or a state, or 
nation ! These, developed and e>. 
erted, would blend the world fo ( 
unborn generations. Oh, th 
blindness of a life devoted to hi 
manity and to God ! That is 
commendable spirit which yearn 
for the elevation of the commor 
brotherhood of mankind. It bear 
the most heroic and God-like in, 
pulse that ever thrilled the hear, 
of man. And there are few morj 
powerful livers at work in th 
worlds amelioration than a stron| 
arm raised by the impulse of 
warm and liberal heart and e?{ 
tended out to lift up mankind t 
a more exalted plane of existence 
Who cannot extend such an arm. 
Who will not develop those intei 
nal springs of action which ir ( 
crease its strength and elasticity 



ind give to it something like om- 
nipotence. This means you. The 
;ombined voices of the ages are 
:alling for the exercise and em- 
Dloyment of those diviner attri- 
Dutes which . make you an essen- 
:ial factor in this system of races. 
Don't think that you are too un- 
important to be the object of so 
nuch concern. There is a kind 
y{ modesty admirable in itself, but 
:here is also a quality equally in- 
:onsistent. The young man ought 
:o feel that the world and hu- 
nanity need his services, and 
nodestly expect and courageous- 
y dare to accomplish a work 
whose praise shall reverberate 
:hrough the cycle of the centuries, 
[n the little sphere of every indi- 
vidual soul is going on a work of 
evolution sublimer than the as- 
sumed evolution of the material 
world. The product of the one 
s but the craft on which a race of 
aeings sails across the narrow 
strait of time to the shores of the 
nfinite age ; the product of the 
)ther is a developed immortal 
whose existence is co-eternal with 
:he Infinite himself. 

If the choral voices of the re- 
reding centuries do not charm 
/ou ; if the rythmical tones of the 
relestial orchestra in the sanctu- 
iry of your being do not arouse 
.'ou; if the claims of country 
md the illustrious examples of 
leroic leaders in building the 
:emple of a grand nationality do 

not inspire you ; may then the 
resounding invocation of this age, 
in which the greatest act in the 
drama cf humanity is entering 
upon the stage, call out those at- 
tributes which shall display them- 
selves in the sublimest heroism 
for man and for God. " We are 
living in a grand and awful time, 
in an age on ages telling; to be 
living is sublime !" This is the age 
transcendent in the hoary register 
of time ; " the age in which wealth 
and happiness and wisdom have 
been reflected back from a new 
continent to the world that spreads 
them here ; in which philosophy 
has unrolled the function of the 
human mind ; physics has armed 
the hand of man with new 
powers; chemistry has torn asun- 
der the component parts of those 
substances which ignorance called 
elements; the engines of astrono- 
my have drawn down the heaven- 
ly bodies from their orbit to lay 
them in the hand of man" ; the 
whole state of the world is pro- 
gressive ; and the higher and bet- 
ter and more heroic elements of 
man are leading on to universal 
empire ! 

To live in the meridian splen- 
dor of the nineteenth century with 
its inspiration and man-building 
operation is more blessed than to 
have worn the diadems of the 
Cssirsand been heir to the em- 
pire of the Ptolemies. This age 
is electrical. The spirit of man is 



more completely magnetized by 
the upheaving from the silent 
dominion of eternal truth. The 
pulse of time is throbbing more 
vigorously and communicating its 
life to the heart of man. The 
fathomless sea of Heaven-inspired 
emotion has broken up her rest ; 
stirred to her profoundest depths 
by the almighty hand of a devel- 
oped and creative century, she is 
swelling her waves and deluging 
the race in a flood of inspiration 
immortal ! 

Young man, if there has ever 
been a period since the chariot of 
time began its course that you 
could fulfil a great mission and 
bear off in triumph imperishable 
trophies won on the battlements 
of life, that time is now. It is now 
that you can go forth under the 
banner whose motto is, " Our 
God, our Country and Truth," and 
win the sublimest victories that 
the world ever applauds — victo- 
ries that will add a new song to 
that choir which sings the an- 
thems of eternity. There you 
may stamp the imprint of thought 
and character on the tablets of 

the age and leave the memory ( 
a noble life in the throbbing hear' 
of your countrymen. This wi 
enshrine you for immortality 
Who cares for the gorgeous mai 
soleum and the sculptored marbl 
when " the noblest monuments 
art the world has ever seen ai 
now covered with the soil < 
twenty centuries." These cann< 
give us immortality. These caij 
not reveal the lineaments of tl 
spirit to pilgrims of other age! 
We must live in the hearts of 
grateful posterity. To live the 1 
is more blessed than to wield th 
sceptre of empire over the mi 
lions of earth. After a li 
honorable, developed and cons* 
crated, we shall live with the 

" Immortal dead who still live on 
In minds made better by their presence ; li 
In pulses stirred to generosity, 
In deeds of daring rectitude ; in scorn 
For miserable aims that end with self ; 
In thoughts sublime that pierce the night li 

And with their wild persistence urge mai 

To vaster issues." 



9 1 


On October 13th, Prof. Henry 
ind his class in the " Science and 
Yrt of Teaching," derived much 
)enefit as well as pleasure, from 
heir visit to the Durham Graded 
School. It is now generally ad- 
pitted that the graded school sys- 
:em, is far superior to all others ; 
: or it cultivates promptness and 
Tiany other essential qualities, in 
Doth teacher and pupil. The 
school at Durham may be select- 
ed as a good specimen of such 
schools. As to Prof. Kennedy, 
its principal, we need say nothing, 
for his merits are too well known 
to need mention, and judging 
from the thoroughness of work, 
his corps of teachers are as good 
as the best. 

We were very much impressed 
with the good order so plainly 
visible in every department of the 
school, and also the promptness 
in going to and from recitation. 

The pupils exhibited the high- 
est respect for their teachers, and 
a respect too that was natural and 
not forced. In the primary de- 
partment, the perceptive powers 
were appealed to and the mind of 
the pupil developed according to 
Psychological principles — nature's 
methods. Nothing was more 
striking than the lightning-like 
rapidity and the accuracy with 

which the little experts (they all 
seemed to be experts) could per- 
form addition and subtraction. 

The reading in concert, in the 
primary department, was excel- 
lent and was indicative of a fine 

In the study of Geography, the 
topical method was used. Maps 
of the principal countries were 
drawn on the boards, and were 
thoroughly discussed and under- 
stood during recitation. The drill 
in calisthenics was ^rj'good, and 
was followed by singing. Such a 
drill keeps the physical develop- 
ment in harmony with the mental. 

We cannot go into all the de- 
tails ; but in every department 
there seemed to be harmony and 
system, and every duty seemed to 
be well performed. It is suffi- 
cient to say, that the teachers 
exhibited ability, energy and vigi- 
lance, while the pupils showed a 
very marked respect for their 
teachers, and a thoroughness rare- 
ly equaled. 

School was dismissed at 1:36, 
and we spent the rest of the even- 
ing visiting places of interest 
among which were Blackwell's and 
Duke's tobacco factories where 
we were very kindly received. 

We return many thanks to Prof. 

9 2 


Kennedy for the kind and pleas- 
ant manner in which he received 
us, and for his kindness in show- 
ing us the various departments of 

the school. We think the peop 
of Durham ought to congratulal 
themselves on having such 
school. M. 


It was on a bright day in Octo- 
ber, 1883, one of those mellow, 
hazy autumn days when the for- 
ests are all golden and red, that 
the present writer, with a college 

friend, L , stood on the capitol 

steps at Washington, gazing quiet- 
ly at the picturesque avenues 
which radiate from the capitol, 
and at the beautiful hills away in 
the distance. Two strangers stand- 
ing near were chatting away 
briskly, and we chanced to hear 
one of them remark : " There, on 
that ridge, is Arlington Heights, 
once the home of Gen. Robert E. 
Lee." As he said this, he point- 
ed to a noble-looking stone struc- 
ture, about three miles distant 
from Washington, away across 
the Potomac on the Virginia hills. 
The magnificent Grecian columns 
of the front porch at once caught 
our attention ; and as one gazes 
on them as they stand there in 
their massive strength, typifying 
the grand character of the hero 
who made his home there, he will, 
if a true lover of the South, of its 

history and heroes, find a desi 
awakened in him to make a p 
grimage to the famous shrin 
Aside from mere curiosity, 1 
wishes to show his love and re 
pect for the man whom the who 
South idolized while living, ari 
whose memory she delights i 

L and I quickly made u 

our minds to visit Arlingto 
Away to Georgetown we wen 
rumbling along in astreet car. P 
Georgetown we crossed the Pot« 
mac at the famous long bridge o 
which the Federal armies repea 
edly crossed when going out fro 
Washington to the campaigns i 
Virginia. Then we had a plea 
ant walk of about two miles a 
the ordinary country road. Th 
soon led us to the huge iron gatt 
which give entrance to the ma; 
nificent park surrounding the o] 
mansion. This park contaii 
several hundred acres of oak an 
hickory which have stood thei 
for centuries. This property 
a part of the large Custis estat 



having been the home of Wash- 
ington's adopted son (the own son 
of Martha Washington), G. W. 
Parks Custis, whose daughter, 
Mary, married Gen. R. E. Lee 
while he was a young officer in 
the U. S. Army. The mansion is 
situated only a few miles from 
Mt. Vernon. The drive leading 
from the outer gate to the resi- 
dence lies principally through this 
grand old forest, in which semi- 
wild squirrels gambol without re- 
straint or danger. The dwelling 
itself is situated on an eminence 
overlooking the Potomac, and the 
city of Washington seems nestled 
down just on the other side of the 
river. The open plots of ground 
immediately in front of the house 
are in a high state of floral culti- 
vation. The building is a two. 
story stone structure, four rooms 
up stairs and four down, with two 
wings. The front porch, with its 
huge columns and stone floor and 
clinging ivy, lend to the building 
a substantial but antiquated look. 
One wing is occupied by a gentle- 
man who is appointed by the gov- 
ernment to keep the estate in 
order. The property is owned by 
the government, having been 
bought from the Lee heirs just 
after the war. It was used during 
the war as a burying ground for 
both Northern and Southern sol- 
diers ; and, in the rear of the 
dwelling, thousands and thous- 
ands of those who wore the blue 

and the gray sleep quietly to- 
gether, their resting places being 
marked by miles and miles of 
marble slabs. Those grand old 
ancestral oaks now sing the re- 
quium of both friend and foe. Na- 
ture is no respecter of persons, but 
honors all her brave sons alike. 
We wandered aimlessly about 
these marble slabs for some time, 
half awake and half in a dream, 
and ever and anon Gray's immor- 
tal words — "all the paths of glory 
lead but to the grave" — would 
force themselves upon us. Off in 
one flowery nook we espied a 
board on which were painted in 
black letters the following lines 
from O'Hara, the gifted and gal- 
lant Southern soldier : 

The muffled drum's sad roll 
Has beat the soldier's last tattoo ; 
No more on life's parade shall meet 
The brave and daring few. 
And again : 

On Fame's eternal camping-ground 
Their silent tents are spread ; 
And Glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the Dead. 

Here, within sound of the musi- 
cal waters of the Potomac, the 
blue and the gray bivouac together 
on the field of Glory. Our bond 
of union is thus cemented by this 
common heritage of valor, and to 
both friend and foe a fraternal 
chant is sung by the old Potomac 
as it rolls on to mingle its cur- 
rents with the sea. 

After wandering among the 
shrubbery and marble slabs till 



weary, and after inspecting to our 
hearts' eontent the well, garden, 
observatory, and old negro quart- 
ers, we returned to the mansion in 
order to examine its interiormore 
carefully. We passed through 
the broad hall-way, which once 
was adorned, no doubt, with the 
antlers of noble bucks and with 
other ancestral bric-a-brac, and 
found the large rooms (excepting 
the wing occupid by the superin- 
tendent and his family) entirely 
destitute of any furniture save 
a few old family chairs. We 
seated ourselves, each in a big 
rocker, and fell to dreaming of 
"ye ancient days" — days when 
Lord Fairfax and Col. Geo. Wash- 
ington, a young Indian fighter, 
chased the festive fox over these 
hills, and shot the savory canvas- 
back in the numerous inlets along 
the banks of the river, and who, 
like George Eliot's " Old Leisure," 
fingered complacently the guineas 
in their pockets, ate their big din- 
ners with satisfaction, and slept 
the sweet sleep of the irresponsi- 
ble. But just then our dreams 
were disturbed by a blast from 
the bugle which is sounded just 

before sun-set, and which serves 
as a warning to all visitors that 
the huge iron gates will be closed. 
We hastily retraced our steps by 
the same country road towards 

As we passed on the long 
bridge that spans the Potomac at 
Georgetown, we were charmed by 
our peculiar surroundings. The 
sun was just sinking to rest, and 
as the river flows east and west at 
this point, the lingering rays cast 
a long purplish shadow up and 
down the stream for several hun- 
dred yards. Add to this the still 
pensiveness of a mellow October 
sunset, together with the rain- 
bow—tinted foliage that fringed 
both banks of the river, and you 
have a picture whose loveliness 
you cannot easily forget. And 
as I stood there on that bridge, 
allowing the shadows of night to 
gather about me, still pondering 
over the life of the great chieftian. 
his grand and noble words seemed 
to come up as voices of the twi- 
light : " There is a true glory and 
a true honor; the glory of duty 
done, the honor of the integrity 
of principle." A. W. L. 




E. P. Withers. 

We have had a live time at col- 
lege this year. 

Prof. Holmes is the most en- 
gaged man in the faculty. 

The flow of wit in the Salem 
Academy under the head of 
" Splinters" is simply overpower- 

The personal editor has pegged 
out, and a new man goes in. 
Hackett couldn't survive, that 
poetical effusion. 

" Copey V" girl has gone back on 
him, but he says "she is trying to 
play the indifferent, but I under- 
stand her little game." 

A certain young lady has 
" Toyed" with one of the faculty 
until he has become but a play- 
thing in her hands. Wonder if 
he won't Mar(r)y soon ? 

Webster's Unabridged Diction- 
ary is generally considered to be 
very accurate and correct, but 
Mr. Caleb Cushing found 5.000 
mistakes in a volume of the first 

The class of "90" takes the cake 
over any thing we are acquainted 
with. It is the richest, rarest and 
raciest class we have seen here. 
The faculty will back our asser- 


The Exchange editor accuses 
us of being in love and then gives 
the names given to 100,000 babies 
by their parents. We would like 
to know what the naming of other 
people's babies has to do with our 
being in love. 

Ain't it a strange thing that the 
length of a man's arm is just equal 
to the circumference of a girl's 
waist? How do we know? Be- 
cause we've been there and meas- 
ured it. Ask your lady friend to- 
let you prove this to be a false- 

Mr. Grover Cleveland met with 
a magnificent welcome at the Vir- 
ginia State Fair in Richmond, 
30,000 people cheered him to the 
echo. It must have thrilled his 
heart with pride to know that he 
had as friends and countrymen 
such grand people as those Vir- 
ginians are. 

We congratulate the Exchange 
editor upon the fact that the 
Niagara Index has toned down 
wonderfully. No more red-hot 
articles adorn its pages and hurl 
streams of sulphurous fury upon 
luckless editors of other maga- 
zines. But where in the world is 
its "spanked baby"? He's quit 

9 6 


What can be the matter ? Some 
great calamity is impending. For 
two months no one has attempt- 
ed to prove in our columns that 
Napoleon's was not true great- 
ness, that oratory is not dead, 
that North Carolina is the great- 
est state in the Confederation and 
not even a Soph, offers a class 
exercise on Tacitus, Homer, etc. 

When Jefferson Davis was re- 
leased he was required to give 
$100,000 bond. • The following 
were his bondsmen: Horace 
Greeley and Augustus Schell, New 
York ; A. Welsh and D. K. Jack- 
man, Philadelphia; and R. B. 
Haxall, W. H. McFarland, I. 
Davenport, A. Warwick, G. A. 
Myers, W. W. Crump, J. Lyons, 
AV. H. Lyons, J. A. Meredith, J. 
M. Botts, T. W. Doswell and Jas. 
Thomas, Va. 

Cornell University recognizes 
the ability of ladies in a marked 
manner. The class of '8/ has 
elected for class essayist, Miss 
Lois M. Oteis and for poet, Miss 
Kate E. Selmser. This is right 
and proper. The prejudice exist- 
ing in the South against sending 
young ladies to our universities is 
nonsense. Why not give them 
the benefit of our best schools and 
colleges ? 

Notes on the Fair. 

The Fair was mighty slim. 
But Peace and its girls were 

Peace girls call a tete-a-tete a 

Punch and Judy was the best 
thing on the grounds. 

How about Virginia? Perfectly 
represented. Enough said. 

The editors were dead-heads 
and as usual were very cheeky. 

Gill, McKinnon and McRae all 
" alumni" of the University were 

Jim Wilson's friend on the train 
was a dandy fellow. Wasn't he 

And the man from Winston 
was there too. That's a Gray 
horse of another color. 

There was an endless stream of 
pretty girls. We got mashed 
twenty-three times. 

Moore's Lalla Rookh was love- 
ly and beautiful but Charlotte's 
Lalla Rookh is divine. 

And that " Knox the sox" off 
anything you've heard lately, 
doesn't it ? Well it do. 

Mr. Chas. D. Mclver an alum- 
nus of the University is a profes- 
sor at Peace Institute. 

Phillips's Pa was in Raleigh and 
he had to behave himself. We 
mean Phillips of course. 

The Fair was poor, very poor ?1 
worse than poor. Too much like 
a one horse, " side-shanked" coun- 
try concern. 

Don't call our President " Doc- 



tor" any more. It's too common. 
He won't recognize it. Call him 
Pres i-dent Battle. 

Ask Kirby H. to whom did he 
give the cane with the boy's head 
on it and what did she say. Ah ! 
what did she say ? 

H. A. Latham the able and suc- 
cessful editor of the Washington 
Gazette, took in the Fair and at 
least three girls, and got taken in. 

We return many thanks to Mr. 
Josephus Daniels for his kindness. 
There's not a more genial gentle- 
man nor a better editor in the 

The defunct personal editor 
says he is at war with Peace. 
What is the matter ? Two months 
since it was the centre of the uni- 
verse. What a change ! 

At the banquet. B. to J. "Old 
horse pass me (hie) down the 
■wine. It's (hie) fine. j. to B. 
"B — old boy (hie) by thunder I'll 
(hie) do it, and take (hie) some 

The business manager's stomach 
is "cosmopolitan" so he says. 
Cosmopolitan means embracing 
everything. His stomach certain- 
ly embraced every thing that was 

The Fairand all things connect- 
ed with it are now but a thing of 
; the past. They have come and 
.^one, and lingers in our memories 
is a pleasant dream. We bid the 
:hings connected with it a sad 

Immigration, Stop It. 

It is time to call a halt upon 
the mighty stream that annually 
pours upon our shores a horde of 
socialists, cut-throats, anarchists 
and nihilists of every type from 
the sneaking assassin of the slums 
of Paris and London to the out- 
lawed dynamiter of Russia or 
Germany, whose sole aim and pur- 
pose is to create disorder and riot, 
and to incite others to acts of 
lawlessness and crime. 

. These men come here because 
they think they can accomplish 
their murderous designs without 
the interference of the law. Their 
religion is to overthrow all exist- 
ing forms of government no mat- 
ter how liberal they may be, and 
to substitute in their places anar- 
chy, a time when there will be no 
restrictions upon the fury of the 
mob, when every man will have 
the right to murder, assassinate 
and kili ; when woman's virtue 
shall be thrown away and man's 
manhood be a thing of the past ; 
when the whole country shall be 
plunged into one wild revel of 
lust, debauchery and sin which 
will far surpass the palmiest days 
of decaying, falling Rome. 

These are the hopes and aspira- 
tions of these men. We know 
this and still we receive them with 
open arms, and our reward ought 
to be that of the fool who took 
the viper into' his bosom and 

9 8 


warmed it into life only to be bit- 
ten and killed by it. And we are 
nourishing a mighty viper whose 
terrible coils will some day crush 
us into hopeless ruin. Not all of 
our immigrants are men of this 
stamp; the Irish love America 
and are a noble, brave and patri- 
otic people ; sometimes among 
the exiles a Schurz lands, but 
where we get one good man from 
these exiles and malcontents, we 
receive ten bar-room bummers, 
escaped convicts or roughs of the 
worst and most dangerous type. 
These people enter as a tremend- 
ous factor in politics. There are 
8,000,000 of them here, 2,000,000 
of whom are voters, ignorant, 
many of them, of the right of 
suffrage and easily led by political 
tricksters. In Ohio they hold the 
balance of power. When the Re- 
publicans dare to put a high 
license on saloons the 40,000 Ger- 
man voters of that State flock, 
almost to a man, over to the 
Democrats and turn the scale in 
their favor; and as soon as the 
Democrats fail to do their bidding 
they make a deal with the Repub- 
licans and go back in an unbroken 
mass. In New York city it is the 
same way, in '80 there were 478,- 
670 foreigners there and they con- 
stituted the saloon-liquor element 
of both parties. Who are New 
York's aldermen ? The answer is 
Jaehne, Wendel, Fullgraff, Sayles, 
Farley, Waite, etc., foreigners or 

born from foreign-born parents,, 
and leaders of the very worst ele- 
ments in the city, now indicted 
for receiving bribes and their 
leader is even now washing dirty 
linen under the shelter of Sing 
Sing. Who tried to put in the 
" Hon." Thomas P. Walsh, better 
known as "Fatty," for Congress 
over the eloquent and able Fel- 
lows from the seventh New York 
city district ? Why the Germans 
and other foreigners were for him 
almost to a man and Walsh is an 
ex-Bowery saloon-keeper and gam- 
bler and withal a very accom- 
plished and consummate scoun- 
drel. Who tried to elect Timothy 
J. Campbell from the eighth con- 
gressional district, whose sole re- 
commendations are his trickery and 
whiskey? Answer, the low foreign 
born people of his district asso 
ciated with Americans for leader? 
who were a little worse, if possi 
ble, than they. 

These are instances which serve 
to show the tendency of these 
people. These immigrants are ex 
ceedingly obliging about stirring 
up strikes, boycotts, riots anc 
mobs. These are the same peoph 
who made up the Theiss, Land 
graf and Gray boycotters, that in 
variably try to tempt honest work 
men to violence and disorder 
When the Theiss boycotters wer 
tried not one of them was able t< 
give any testimony in English am 
the majority could'nt speak Eng 



lish at all. Some of them had 
been here only ten weeks and the 
first thing to do was to get em- 
ployment in order to boycott 
somebody and the next thing was 
to strike, boycott and raise a riot. 
And after these ruffians were tried 
and convicted, the anarchists had 
a big meeting in Clarendon hall 
and denounced the prosecuting 
attorney, judge and jury as hired 
tools of the monopolists, and 
murderers ; and the leaders on this 
occasion were Germans, the 
speaker was Johann Most, and the 
audience was the foreign riff-raff 
of the city. Who lead the mob in 
the great Cleveland riots of a year 
ago ? Who caused property to be 
burned, prominent men to be 
threatened and lives to be lost ? 
These same socialistic tramps and 
vagabonds did it, these were the 
same cowardly curs that would 
rouse the passions of the mob to 
fury, and when danger was near, 
ran to hide their precious car- 
casses in dark cellars or unknown 
dives. These are the " patriots" 
of whom the Hon. Mr. Glauch is 
a shining example. This gentle- 
man was addressing a great crowd 
of strikers and anarchists in Cleve- 
land, was making a red-hot, blood 
and thunder speech, hurling curses 
and streams of envenomed, viru- 
lent abuse upon every man who 
dared own property, and was 
swearing that he would kill any 
policeman who dared try to stop 

him and would take pleasure in 
murdering in cold blood any man 
who dared to interfere with him, 
when a policeman walking up and 
tapping him on the shoulder with 
his club, ordered him to come to 
the station house with him. The 
boasting braggart instantly sub- 
sided, and with curled tail, clipped 
wings, and hanging head followed 
the officer to police headquarters 
as meekly, humbly and submis- 
sively as a whipped cur grovels in 
the dirt at its master's feet. 

These are the same men who 
cause the trouble in the great 
railroad strikes, in the Pennsylva- 
nia coal mines and who were the 
leaders and participators in the 
great Chicago riots. These are 
the same men — seven of whom are 
under sentence of death now in 
Chicago-who attacked the Chicago 
police and advocated burning the 
city ; and did 3'ou know that in 
all the list of killed and wounded 
anarchists in that unfortunate 
affair not an American name ap- 
pears, all were foreigners; and did 
you know, furthermore, that Par- 
sons, Fielden, Spies and the other 
four that are to hang next month 
are all foreigners and that one of 
them was so unacquainted with 
the English language that his 
evidence had to be given through 
an interpreter? It is so, whether 
you know it or not, and we would 
like to know if the people of this 



country propose to let these cut- 
throats take possession? 

These immigrants are the peo- 
ple that cause the Sabbath to be 
a day of rioting and pleasure ; 
these immigrants are the people 
that have made our great western 
cities so turbulent and wicked, 
these immigrants are the people 
that cause all our trouble in near- 
ly all of our mining and manu- 
facturing communities, these are 
the people that want to burn, des- 
troy and kill; in fine these people 
are the inciters, leaders and par- 
ticipants in nearly every species of 
deviltry throughout the land. 

And still the ranting roar of the 
political demagogue is heard 
throughout the length and breadth 
of our country seeking to damn 
the man who would take away 
"this Asylum for the oppressed 
people of Europe," and still the 

mass of people is deceived by the 
frenzied ravings of the knavish 
rascal whose only motive is self 

We admit that this country is- 
an asylum but we contend that 
the asylum should be closed. 
Charity that destroys the giver is 
not charity but idiocy. It is the 
history of the ancient nations that 
immigration has been a potent 
factor of ruin. Shall we repeat 
their histories ? Shall we listen to 
the demagogue's outbursts, or the 
statesman's warning, shall we obey 
prejudice and passion or be gov- 
erned by argument and reason, 
shall we, through false sympathy, 
take into our system the poisoned 
virus of a fatal disease or shall we 
throw it aside and escape its cer- 
tain effects? By all means avoid 
it and its consequences. 



College Record. 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

Base ball went with the sum- 
mer and foot ball now reigns su- 
preme as the king of winter sports. 

Two horses, a wagon, a load 
of wood, a nigger and an axe is 
the way it stands now. 

The old laboratory under Smith 
Hall has been turned into a store- 
room for wood and coal. 

" Judge" and his S. S. meet 
every Sunday night. Attendance 
large. For terms of admission 
apply to the " Jedge." 

* * 

Professional Card. Brad- 
ham & Boothe, Butters, Walls and 
doors demolished at shortest no- 
tice. Work done in any part of 
college, motto : "Good work and 
low prices." 

* * 

Major Graham and Mr. Strud- 

wick gave us specimens of their 

eloquence in October. They are 

clear expounders of Jeffersonian 

Democracy. Later the candidates 

for the General Assembly spoke 

here also. 

There was a match game of 
foot ball, October 30th, between 
the Seniors and Fresh on one 
side, the Sophs and Juniors on 
the other and resulted in the total 
discomfiture of the latter. The 
game was interesting and exciting 
and was witnessed by a number 
of ladies. 

* -x- 

A slight shock of earthquake 

was felt here on October 22nd, 

about 2:45 p. m. 

-:<- _ * 

A large wood-stove has been 
put up in the library. For beau- 
ty and elegance it could hardly be 
surpassed. It looks like a " pre- 
cious stone set in the silver sea." 

* * 


Prof. Alexander has repaired 
and repainted the Bodre house. 
His family have been here some 
time and will make this their 

* * 

Our Baptist brethren have in- 
vested in an organ. As a large 
part of the congregation is made 
up of country people they re- 
sisted its fascination up to this 



time. With Prof. Toy as organist, 
and with their elegant and accom- 
plished young pastor, Rev. Ed- 
ward S. Alderman, they will sure- 
ly deserve a large attendance. 

* # 


Barnum and his circus drew 
some away from the quiet rou- 
tine of a student life in October. 
Then the Fair came on and 
claimed its share of visitors and 
along with it the fair ones were 
by no means unconsequential. 

The Di. Society recently put 
new window curtains in its hall. 
They are tasteful'y decorated and 
improve the hall very much. The 
Phi. put in new ones last spring. 
We always hail such things with 
delight and it is our boast that 
these are the finest literary halls 
in the State. 

* * 

Prof. Henry has introduced a 
new feature into his Senior class 
in pedagogics. Some subject is 
assigned and one member of the 
class is appointed to present his 
remarks in the form of a paper. 
Then this and all other points are 
discussed at length, in a free and 
easy, colloquial style. They 
commenced with the first chapter 
in Herbert Spencer's essay on 
Education : " What knowledge is 
of most worth ?" The discussions 
are held every Monday night and 
will be public as sgon as fully or- 

ganized. We like the idea and 
think the young men can derive 
much benefit from such a course 
if they work. 

Prof. Winston now requires the 
Freshmen to read the Latin Testa- 
ment. A member of that class 
was purchasing his book at the 
drug store when he asked in a 
confidential way : " Mr. McRae, 
can't you get me a 'trans' to this?" 
This is an actual fact. 

Scientific Society. — At the 
regular meeting of the Mitchell 
Scientific Society for October, the 
following papers were presented : 

i. On the Parameters of a Plane 
— Profs. Graves and Phillips. 

2. Arsenic as a Poison— Prof. 

3. Description of a New Glow- 
worm — Prof. Atkinson. 

4. A Singular Occurrence of 
Crussite — Prof. Phillips. 

5. Prof. Holmes read a list of 
Earthquakes occuring at Charles- 
ton from 17th century to present 
time, prepared by Dr. Gibbes. 


Back Numbers Wanted. — 
The Philanthropic Society wishes 
to complete its sets of the UNI- 
VERSITY Magazine. The sets 
since the re-opening are complete, 
but those for earlier dates are 
very incomplete, any one having 
any or all of the copies mentioned 



below and mailing them to the 
editor of this department will con- 
fer a great favor upon the Society 
.and the act will be gratefully ap- 
preciated by all who feel an inter- 
est in making the records of our 
past history full and complete. 
All the numbers for 1844 are 
wanting; Nos. 5 and 7, Vol. I., 
June and September, 1852; all of 
Vol. II., 1853; all of Vol. III., 
1854; all of Vol. V., 1856; all of 
Vol. VI., 1857; of Vol. VII., 
Nos. 8, 9 and 10, April, May and 
June, 1858 ; of Vol. VIII., Nos. 1, 
I, 8, 9, 10, August, 1858, March, 
April, May, June, 1859; a 'l num- 
bers after April. 1861. 
•x- # 

Hon. John Goode, of Virginia, 
•ex-Solicitor General of the U. S., 
will be the orator next commence- 
ment. With him as the orator, 
with a fine minister and Memorial 
Hall there is nothing to prevent 
us from having a grand time. 

Prof. Chas. L. Wilson, of Win- 
ston paid us a visit during the last 
days of October and taught a 
singing class. It met every even- 
ing in the Y. M. C. A. Hall, and 
had some twenty members. He 
gave them twelve lessons com- 
mencing with the rudiments of 
music, for $2.50. Prof. Wilson 
taught in the Summer Normals at 
this place for several years and is 
recommended very highly by 
President Battle. 

Died in Raleigh, N. C, Octo- 
ber 13th, Mrs. Dr. R. H. Lewis, 
only daughter of Hon. K. P. Bat- 
tle, aged 29. Our hearts go out 
in sympathy, to our President in 
this his time of deep distress. It 
must be a hard lot to bear when 
a loved one is taken away to a 
better world. We cannot think 
of it as something sent us by an 
all-wise One and we are apt to 
weep and complain at His doings, 
but: "Blessed are they that mourn 

for they shall be comforted." 

* -x- 

Prof. Winston, ever ready and 
ever eager to make a boy more 
thorough on Latin, has introduced 
sight reading into his classes. 
Each class devotes one hour to 
this under his direction and two 
hours to it at their rooms. The 
Fresh read easy extracts and 
Bezar's Latin version of the Tes- 
tament ; the Sophs use Tomlin- 
son's extracts and the Testament; 
the Juniors, Tomlinson, Testa- 
ment and Cornelius Nepos, the 
fourth year students, Tomlinson, 
Testament and Sallust's Catiline's 
Conspiracy. The course has been 
made more valuable also by the 
introduction of a work on phil- 
ology and one on Greek and Latin 

etymology into the Soph class. 

* -x- 

University Day was cele- 
brated this year at night and Gir- 
rard Hall was lighted up in memo- 
ry of a day it never saw. 



The speaker for the occasion 
was Prof. E. A. Alderman, a 
member of the class of 1882, and 
Mangum medalist for that year. 
He was an editor of this MAGA- 
ZINE during the first volume of 
the new series. Since graduation 
he has been engaged in teaching 
and is now principal of the Gra- 
ded school in Goldsboro. This is 
said by competent judges, by men 
who have examined many schools 
of the kind, to be one of the best 
in the Union. Last summer the 
teachers of the State showed their 
appreciation of his energy and 
ability by making him President 
of the N. C. Teachers' Assembly. 

Dr. Battle in introducing him 
gave a hasty view of the early 
days of the University. It was in 
1776 that the Halifax convention 
drew up a constitution for the re- 
volted province and although it 
was then the darkest hour of the 
Revolution commanded the Leg- 
islature to establish one or more 
Universities. Owing to the war 
the charter was not given until 
1789 and it was not until October 
12th, 1793, that William Richard- 
son Davie, in all the gorgeous 
paraphenalia of a Master Mason 
laid the corner stone of the Old 
East. The doors were opened in 
February, 1795, and for two weeks 
Hinton James, of Wilmington 
composed the whole Freshman, 
Soph, Junior, Senior, Post Gradu- 
ate and Law classes. 

Mr. Alderman spoke for nearly 
an hour on old times in North 
Carolina; of the vanished and al- 
most forgotten town of Bruns- 
wick on the Cape Fear ; of pre- 
revolutionary nabobs, their times, 
manners, customs, loves, mar- 
riages and revels; of the early 
days of our own institution, its 
struggles and trials, and finished 
by exhorting all to hold on to 
these good old times, to keep the 
memory of them green in their 
hearts, and to cultivate a pride in 
the glorious history of their native 


The Shakespeare Club is 
another help in studying the works 
of the greatest man in literature. 
Some members of the Senior class 
feeling the need of such an organ- 
ization met and formed it. Dr. 
Hume was requested to furnish a 
constitution, which, after under- 
going some modifications, was- 
adopted. It now has most of the 
Senior and Post Graduate classes' 
as active members while others 
are admitted from time to time. 
Room No. 25 S. B. will be fitted 1 
up as the library room and it will' 
also be used as a study, each 
member having a key and using it' 
at pleasure. For the present they 
hold their meetings in the Y. M. 1 
C. A. Hall. The subject discussed 
at the last meeting was the char- 
acter of Harry Hotspur as seen 
in First Henry IV. If the mem- 



jers will continue with the same 
energy as they have begun much 
rood can be derived from it. The 
iiscussions partake somewhat of 
he nature of a debate, there being 
lone of that stilted formalism so 
generally seen in the class room. 

The officers for the present ses- 
■ion are: Dr. Thos. Hume, Jr., 
^resident ; Prof. Geo. T. Winston, 
/ice-President ; Robert G. Gris- 
om, Secretary ; Joseph A. Mor- 
is, Treasurer. These, together 
irith Prof. W. D. Toy, L. P. Mc- 
xehee and Stephen B. Weeks, 
ompose the Executive Commit- 
ee and to them is intrusted the 
eneral care and management of 
he Club. 

We annex a list of members 
nd the Constitution : 


. Dr. Thos. Hume, R. G. Gris- 
om, C. F. Smith, R. T. Burwell, 
;,. P. McGehee, W. S. Wilkinson, 
?aul Jones, L. M. Bourne, J. H. 
.aker, W. R. Tucker, R. N. 

tackett, H. F. Shaffner, C. Dock- 
\y, H. R. Starbuck, A. M. Sim- 
iions, Jas. McGuire, H. Parker, 
/. H. McDonald, J. C. Johnson, 
I'. T. Wilson, V. W. Long, St. 

lair Hester, J. A. Morris, S. B. 
/eeks, Thos. Wade, W. H. Mc- 

eil, A. W. McAlister, T. W. 
.alentine, J. F. Mclver, P. B. 
px, W. Borden, T. N. Hill, Jr., 

elver, F. M. Harper, Profs. F. P. 

Venable, J. A. Holmes, W. D. 
Toy, G. T. Winston, and J. W. 


ART. 1. This Society shall be 
called the " University Shakes- 
peare Club." Its object shall be 
to promote the study of Shake- 

Art. 2. It shall be the object 
furthermore of the Club to col- 
lect such books and materials as 
may best contribute to this end. 
The books and materials so col- 
lected, should the Club ever cease 
to exist, to go to the English De- 
partment of the University. 

Art. 3. The active member- 
ship shall be composed of the Se- 
nior and Post Graduate classes 
and such other persons connected 
with the University as may, by 
training and tastes, be qualified 
to further its object. Active mem- 
bers alone shall have the privilege 
of voting and holding office. 
Honorary members may be chosen 
on the recommendation of the 
Executive Committee. 

ART.. 4. The initiation fee shall 
be one dollar. An additional fee 
of fifty cents per term shall be 
paid by each member. This term 
fee to begin with the Spring term 
of '87. The term'fee shall be due 
on the first day of October and of 
February. The initiation fee im- 
mediately upon joining. Names 
of members, not paying fees in 



one month from the time when 
due, shall be dropped from the 

Art. 5. The officers shall be a 
President, a Vice-President, a 
Secretary and a Treasurer, chosen 
by ballot at the beginning of each 
term and their duties shall be 
such as are generally performed 
by such officers. Three others, 
chosen as above, shall be added 
to their number from the active 
membership to form an Execu- 
tive Committee, who shall attend 
to the interests of the Club. This 
Committee shall judge of books 
to be bought and acknowledge 
the receipt of all books donated 
to the Club and have the same 
properly labelled. It shall also 
be the duty of this committee to 
report on the qualifications, ac- 
cording to Art. 3, of persons de- 
siring to become members of the 
Club and such report may be re- 
jected by a two-thirds majority of 
the Club. 

Art. 6. The Club shall hold its 
regular meetings twice a month 
on the first and third Wednesday 
nights at such time and place as 
shall be designated by the Execu- 
tive Committee. The length of 
the meetings shall be limited to 
two hours. 

Art. 7. A two-thirds majority 
shall be necessary to alter or 
amend this Constitution. 

The Killing of Freeze.— 
Between one and two o'clock 
Sunday morning, October 10th, 
Jacob A. Breeze, a member of the 
Freshman class, from Rowan Co. 
was basely murdered by a gang of 
desperate negroes. He was about 
twenty-one years old and the only 
son of fond and doting parent 
who were making every effort in 
their power to educate him. 

Early in the night some of the 

boys got into a difficulty with 

some negroes, the President heard 

of it, came up to college, found 

the boys and persuaded them if. 

go to bed. Later, two other stu 

dents while passing down the 

street were cursed and stoned b) 

a crowd of half drunken negroe 

led by Pat Brewer who is a scoun 

drel of the deepest dye. He h*| 

had a grudge against the student 

for two or three years and has 01 

various occasions threatened to 

kill some of them. These boy 

came to the college and arouse< 

some of their companions sayin 

they had been insulted and aske 

them to help them make th 

negroes make amends. They gc 

up as any other brave boyswoul 

have done under the circumstance 

and went, seven in number, to th 

house of Jack Barbee which 

near the Baptist church. The 

knocked at the door and asked 

the men were there who had i 

suited them, but made no demo 

stration of violence, while the 



were parleying with some negroes 
at the door, others rushed up 
stairs and began firing shots 
from the second story windows, 
they were scattering at first but 
soon thickened into a volley, at 
the end of the first volley Freeze 
!was shot through the heart. He 
staggered toward the gate and 
fell dead just as he reached it. 
Flemming was slightly wounded 
in the abdomen, Woodson had a 
ipart of his shoe shot away, but 
was unhurt. No others were hurt. 
The students went down in 
force to get the body but the ne- 
groes had already decamped. It 
was brought up to the college, 
/various members of the faculty 
Hvere summoned and they did 
everything in their power under 
'the circumstances. That Sunday 
■was the dreariest day we ever saw 
in Chapel Hill. The Di. Society 
met, passed resolutions of respect 
•land draped its hall in black. The 
Phi. met, extended sympathy to 
her sister and appointed Mr. 
'Woodson to accompany the re- 
■mains home. Mr. Flemming repre- 
sented the Di. Funeral services 
'were conducted by Dr. Mangum 
h in the chapel. The coffin occu- 
pied the quadrangle and on it was 
a wreath of white roses inter- 
'woven by woman's loving hand. 
The exercises were short but im- 
pressive. The procession was 
'formed two and two, headed by 
'' the faculty, with the students in 

the middle, the hearse and car- 
riages in the rear. As the body 
was to be carried to University 
Station by private conveyance the 
procession passed out the east 
gate of the campus and down 
Hillsboro street as far as Dr. 
Mangum's where it opened and 
allowed the carriages to pass 
through. The old college bell 
was all the while sounding its 
solemn dirge of death. Once be- 
fore have we heard that bell ring 
forth its deep rolling knell but 
how different from that scene was 
this ! Then an aged man, full of 
years and good works, one whom 
we all knew, and knew but to love, 
had gone to that reward which 
fadeth not away, but now one 
who had been with us only a few 
weeks at most, whom we had not 
yet had time to learn to love, one 
in the very bloom of youth and 
hope, is taken from us by one fell 
blow of some ruthless hand. 
May his grief-stricken parents 
and sisters look for help and con- 
solation to a Power which is higher 
than man and which giveth freely 
unto every one that asketh and 
upbraideth not. 

The negroes had gone to this 
house it seems and in force, there 
being about twenty of them, were 
all heavily armed, and had been 
drinking. The students had not 
been drinking, only two of them 
had pistols, made no show of vio- 
lence and did not fire a shot until 



Freeze was dead. The negroes 
had formed a conspiracy, not for 
•self defence but for murder. The 
students are not to be wholly ex- 
cused for what they did but their 
action was what that of any other 
high born chivalrous boy, anxious 
to see his own race defended 
against that of the negroes, would 
have been. People who know all 
the circumstances do not con- 
demn them, it is only those who 

have had the misfortune to have 
lying newspapers as their guides. 
Feeling against the negroes ran 
very high, but the students are 
to be much commended for the 
way, the almost filial way, in! 
which they allowed themselves! 
to be guided by the wider expert 
ence of the faculty and this has 
possibly kept us out of still more 

Personal Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 

— Seniors and Freshmen won 
the match game of foot-ball 
against the Sophs and Juniors. 
The present Senior class is as well 
adapted to a few other things as 
it is to wearing stove r pipe hats. 

— H. A. Latham class '85, edi- 
tor of the Washington Gazette, 
spent a day on the Hill during 
Fair week. His business here 
was strictly private. 

— The Magazine was repre- 
sented at the Fair by Messrs. 
Long, Withers and Hackett. 

— The latest invention in the 
way of "booting" A modest stu- 
dent walks up to a Prof, before 
class and,—" Prof, have an apple 

with my compliments." Prof. 
Thank you, sir." Please copy. (In- 
serted by the Professors.) 

— First student. "Of what de- 
nomination is M. ?" 

Second student. " I guess he's 
a Pharisee." 

First student. "Why do you 
think so ?" 

Second student. "Because he 
prays like the Pharisee did." 

— Junior to Fresh, ironically: 
" Freshman you have got entirely 
too much ability. I don't like to 
see Nature so lavish in bestowing 
gifts as she has been with you." 

Fresh, innocently. "Thou 
shalt not covet thy neighbor's 



.goods, nor any thing which is 

1 — F. N. Skinner, class '82, is at 
-the Theological Seminary, N. Y. 
: and led his class there last year 
'making a very high average. 

- -James A. Bryan, class '85 is 
'studying Theology at Princeton. 

3 — Horace Williams is studying 
theology at Yale and will visit us 
for the purpose of making a lec- 
ture at an early date. 

— When last heard from Fred 
Thomas had a severe case of the 
' blues" but will probably survive 
md re-enter college next year. 

— Ham C. Long is raising water- 
melons and fine stock in Bun- 
combe, and is rapidly becoming a 
Dloated capitalist. 

— One of the editors was pleased 
:o see two of the old students at 
the Fair, Jim Vance and Sidney 

—We learn that Sterling Ruf- 
in a member of the class of '86 
las a position under the govern- 
ment in Washington City. 

i —George L. Patrick, another 
nember of class '86 is now in 
Durham in the interest of the 
urvey of the road between Peters- 
>urg and Durham. 

, — Freshman to Soph. " I Love 
nathematics." Soph. " You will 
( ind it a very Graves subject next 
r ear." 

— One of our students has be- 
come famous for his credulity. 
Here is a conversation that will 
justify this remark. Student who 
has been to Barnum's show, to H. 
the credulous. " H. I saw a man 
at the show that had four faces 
perfectly formed." H. the credu- 
lous. " Did you "!! Student f-s. 
" Yes, and he could speak four 
different languages at the same 
time." H. the c. "Goodness 
gracious! Gen-tle-men ! ! I'd like 
to have seen that sig-ht " ! ! ! 

— 1st Fresh. " Have you ever 
called on the Misses "? 

2nd Fresh. " No." 

1st Fresh. "Well you certainly 
ought to meet them. They are 
charming ladies. They bring out 
cake and confectionaries every 
time I call." 

— C. L. Riddle, class'83, known 
in college as " Tubby" received 
license to practice law from the 
last session of the Supreme Court, 
and has gone east. He has set- 
tled down in Elizabeth City and 
will practice with E. F. Lamb, 
Esq. "Tubby" likes the east, 
taught one year in Camden coun- 
ty and one in Perquimans and we 
feel sure that its people will like 

— Edmund Alexander, law stu- 
dent 1885-86 has settled down in 
his native county and now hangs 
out his shingle at Columbia. He 
was a hard working fellow while 



here and led his class in his final 
examination under Dr. Manning, 
is a pleasant and forcible speaker 
and will manage with skill and 
address all cases entrusted to him. 

— A letter comes to us from N. 
A.- Sinclair formerly an '86er say- 
ing that he is longing for the 
happy moments of his Freshman 
days at the U. N. C. He is now 
teaching in the Fayetteville Gra- 
ded school, and is taking a course 
in law in addition. 

— W. S. Dunston, class '86, is 
in charge of the Academy at Co- 
lumbia, Tyrrell county. He will 
make a good teacher undoubtedly. 
He has only one failing and that 
is from the fact that he writes too 
many letters. If he had kept on 
writing he would have had Liens 
on half the property in Dakota 
by this time. He must also cease 
signing himself Minnie Welling- 
ton and so give poor old Mewborn 
a rest. He will perhaps adorn 
his study with portraits of his 
correspondents with Mewborn and 
Lien leading the van. 

— Senator Ransom spent a Sun- 
day on the Hill not long since. 

— Among the visitors on the 
Hill at present we may mention 
the names of Mrs. W. C. Kerr 
and daughter, Miss Lizzie. They 
intend spending several months 
here we believe and some one 
sup-crested that the heart of one of 
our Professors is thus made glad, 

but we do not venture it as an in- 
sinuation of our own. 

— Also Miss Sallie Lunsford, of 
Granville county and Miss Myra 
Alderman, of Greensboro, are 
visiting the family of Dr. Man- 

— Prof, of Astronomy (to M. 
who is momentarily expecting the 
bell to ring.) " Mr. M. Can we 
determine the masses of all the 

Mr. M, "Yes sir." 

P. of A. " Well, how can we 
do this Mr. M. ?" Mr. M. "Prof. 
I-I'm mt prepared to-day." Bell 
(not chestnut) rings. M. solilo- 
quizes. "Just my luck." 

— Some one told us that Poli-: 
tics is dead. (Of course we mean; 
college politics.) We could scarce- 
ly believe it, and while we turned 
our head away to drop a silent! 
tear, our informer poured into our 
ears an account of the touching' 
scenes of his death. He is the 
tyrant in whose service the honor 
of so many fair and virtuous 
youths has been wrecked, and the 
news of his death will fall heavily 
on many ears. The last scenes of 
his mortal life were full of tender 
pathos. Around the bed of the 
ghostly tyrant were gathered his 
choicest friends, and everything 
that mustard plaster, mustang 
liniment, cayenne pepper, and St. 
Jacob's Oil could do was done to 
check the ebb of his life. It was 



in vain. His hour had approached. 
The dull, hollowdepthsof his eye, 
his cold extremities, and the ner- 
vous twitchings of his massive, 
xruel chin were unmistakable signs. 
The last half hour had arrived, 
then the last ten minutes, then 
the last minute, and finally the 
last second. And then there was 
sorrow pathetic to see. A very 
:all and very eloquent Sophomore 
loured forth the wildness of his 
jrief in soft and mellow eloquence. 
\ small and fair-haired Freshman 
>ewailed in a very declamatory 
tyle, his loss, which exceeded in 
greatness his own size by at least 
me-half. Indeed his loss was con- 
iderable. Through the influence 
f his deceased patron, he had, in 
mcy, stretched forth his tender 
and and plucked a shining de- 
laimor's medal, even as young 
Hoses of old reached out his 
hubby fingers for the glittering 
rown of Pharaoh. And there 
ere many others too who had 
ist " so dear a loss." But our 
eart grieves to recount their sor- 
>ws, and we long to veil from the 
isympathetic eyes of the world 
iese sad mournings. The tyrant 
dead, and however kind he may 
ive been to some, and however 
lkind to others, we will not say, 
it let history determine when it 
n be impartial. That he had 
ourners we cannot deny in force 
' the lamentations sore and loud 
I his death, that any one rejoiced 

at his death we are not certain. 
That he will be resurrected is not 
impossible. Such things have 
been. However, we long to take 
his mourning friends by the hand 
and lead them to something 
nobler and higher and worthier 
their loyalty and devotion. 

The following was found in the 
room of a student without a name 
attached and the hand-writing has 
not been identified. We suppose 
it is an Apostrophe to some book 
of Mathematics : 

Oh thou book, thou modest unpretending 

book ! 
No fancy binding compasseth thy sides 
All stuffed with Involution, Evolution dire, 
That convolutes and dissolutes my brain— 
Thou war'st against my better nature ; fillest 
My soul with chilling fears and doubts im- 
Ay e'en the alphabet, that simple, harm- 
less thing, 
By thy fell skill permutted into hordes. 
I ne'er had dreamed they could have thus 

And now come trooping on me with such 

They have my poor weak sel f all over- 
whelmed — 
Oh, book I. wist not of the power that 

Deep in thy pages puffed with callous pride 
And there unearths the treasures that thou 

By partial nature, veiled from common 

eyes — 
My fancy cannot circumscribe such bounds 
Imagination, mind that roamist so free 
Through realms material and through 

rimless space. 
At thy great portal standest sore abashed. 
As on her full thy vastness quickly grows, 
'Tis much as I have heard of some one 



On entering first that old Cathedral grand 
Whose matchless dome still spans in won- 
drous Rome, 
Could not at first conceive that it was 

Beyond dimensions he had viewed before, 
But soon the size grew on him and he felt 
That he was lost in labarinthian space 
And sculptured magnificence — so I, 
Poor mortal, in thy pages feel that I 
Have swam beyond my natural depth 
And so must sink in utter, lasting ruin. 
Farewell old book I'll study thee no more, 
I fear that thou'lt most certainly disperse 

The easeful tenets of my youthful brain 
And make me galley-slave to studiousness- 
To the illwarping of my liberal mind. 

Dec. '79. 

The editor of this department 
is not responsible for anything 
which may appear in its columns 
and absolutely refuses to explain 
any joke which may seem obscure- 
He has no office hours and can- 
not be found in his room on such- 

Exchange Department. 

Claudius Docker-y. 

In the last number of the MAGA- 
ZINE we made a departure from 
the regular course heretofore pur- 
sued by the different exchange 
managers. A sub-department, 
The College World, was added to 
our Exchange Department. In 
this we propose to give in as con- 
densed a form as possible all the 
news and items of interest, that 
we can collect in regard to the 
other colleges of our own country 
and of the world at large. The 
sources of information in this line 
are so few and our time for search- 
ing after such information is so 
limited that we, at present, are 

not assured of the success we 
could otherwise expect in such a 
departure. The Exchange De- 
partment certainly needs some- 
thing of the kind to give variety 
to it. The dry, monotonous criti- 
cism of a dozen or more college 
journals does not interest a ma- 
jority of the reading people of 
our country. What do they care 
for our writing about the cover- 
ing of the Wake Forest Student). 
or the kind of material that makes 
up the Oakleaf or the color of the 
dress the Greensboro Message 
wears? Nor do they care for us t<j 
describe the different jewels that 



sparkle and beautify the Salem 
.Academy. We are certain we 
licould not interest any people by 
commenting upon the different 
county papers of our State. Many 
of them have just heard of the 
earthquake and have not yet re- 
covered from the tright caused by 
the shock that had occurred 
several weeks previous. We'll 
wager five dollars that the Chero- 
kee Times has not yet heard of it 
unless by this time Cooper has 
.reached home and informed the 
editor of the shock. We assert 
this because we have no doubt 
but that both the quill-driver and 
me devil were at some mountain- 
ifoosier break-down at the time 
and could not possibly have felt 
me shock even of an exploding 
<eg of dynamite under the house. 
We could certainly get no infor- 
mation from such sources as these. 
Now, if we had the time and 
jspace and the mental agility of an 
experienced quill-driver and the 
descriptive powers of a MacCaulay 
>r Carlyle, we could interest our 
'eaders. The Pacific Pharos has 
iiiscovered up in New York a very 
trangely-shaped fossil which, it is 
ihought by scientific men, was 
Probably brought to light by the 
ecent earthquake. The Pharos 
ives a good description of it, 
^specially of its brain cavity. It 
lay turn out that this is the miss- 
ig link. If so, old man Darwin 
'ill turn over in his grave and 

Huxley exclaim, Eureka ! Eu- 
reka ! ! This strange fossil may 
now be found in the Exchange 
Department of the Niagara Index 
and will be on exhibition monthly. 
We may be able to give a full ac- 
count of this fossil in our next 
number. We are not yet fully 
informed as to its characteristics*. 
From the account in the Pacific 
Pharos, (we will give this later) we 
can come to no conclusion as to 
the probability of its being the 
missing link. We rather incline 
to the belief that it is related to the 
African animal Simia Tro glo dy 
tcs or Troglodytes niger. Probably 
it can be satisfactorily classified 
by our next issue. The Pacific 
Pharos is busy at that work now. 
We will keep our readers fully 

A description of this rare ani- 
mal will certainly be of interest to 
our readers, especially those of a 
scientific turn of mind. But all of 
our readers will not take on to 
this, and in order to please as 
nearly all as possible we propose 
to give a little information from 
time to time about the College 

We are indeed very sorry and 
even pained at the fact that some 
of our exchanges have misinter- 
preted our criticisms on the Mes- 
sage and Academy in our last 
issue. It was not our purpose to 
equivocate in the least. We can't 



see to save our life how any one 
could infer from those remarks 
that we to any extent favored 
woman suffrages. We can't be- 
lieve the ladies inferred as much. 
We will leave our remarks for 
them to interpret and report upon. 
Now while they are getting ready 
to report, let us tell these gentle- 
men where we stand on this sub- 
ject. And there is no better way 
of expressing our views than in 
the language of Panactius, the 
Roman philosopher : " I would 
that woman should rule, not in- 
deed in civil jurisdiction, for that 
would unsphere her, but in her 
vast natural domain— the heart of 
man." " Them's our sentiments." 
What do you think of our posi- 
tion, ladies ? 

* * 

How do you do? That's Eng- 
lish and American. How do you 
carry yourself? That's French. 
Howdo you stand ? That's Italian. 
How do you find yourself ? That's 
German. How do you fare? 
That's Dutch. How can you? 
That's Swedish. How do you 
perspire ? That's Egyptian. How 
is your stomach ? Have you eaten 
rice? That's Chinese. How have 
yourself ? That's Polish. How do 
you live on ? That's Russian. 
May your shadow never be less. 
That's Persian — -and all mean 
much the same thing. — Ex. 

Here is what the South Caro- 

lina Collegian has to say about us : 
" The University Magazine,. 
from Chapel Hill, has frontis- 
pieced the September issue with 
a steel engraving of the Hon. 
Augustus Van Wyck, who re- 
cently made an address before 
the two Literary Societies of the 
University. The MAGAZINE is 
under control of a new board of 
editors, and they have made by 
no means a bad beginning. The 
promises made in the Salutatory 
will doubtless soon be fulfilled." 
You are right we mean business 
this time. 

/ * * 


We clip the following from the 
Pacific Pharos which is very good 
in unearthing and describing the 
old fossil remains of former geo- 
logical epochs : 

"The Niagara Index man can- 
rtot forget the trouble he got into 
by neglecting the old adage that 

' Children and 

Should not play with edged tools,' 

And takes the occasion to ring in 
his little joke about Cutting (ex- 
change editor on the Hatchet) and 
his troubles in Mexico. For the- 
benefit of this old nondescript we 
will state that the Hatchet had 
taken the necessary steps to scalp 
him, but thought better of the 
matter and consolidated with the 
Epoch instead. The age of the 
Index man will probably never be 
known, but we have been inform-, 
ed that there is such a striking 



resemblance between him and the 
lately discovered mummy of 
Rameses III, that they are in all 
probability twins. The only dif- 
ference is that Rameses had sense 
enough to die when he had out- 
lived his usefulness. History does 
not relate all the deeds of the 
Index man, if it did it would be 
more profane than is generally 
conceded. His greatest exploit, 
and the one by which he is best 
known, was the founding of the 
" Ancient Order of Niagara Hack- 
men." As grand marshal of this 
order he acquired cheek and du- 
cats, until on one unfortunate day 
(his royal toughness, while endeav- 
oring to wash off a coat of tar 
and feathers with which he had 
been adorned by admiring citi- 
zens, was swept over the falls and 
• sustained a fracture of the skull. 
■Two skilful surgeons who fished 
;him out, carefully trepanned him, 
and the space where his alleged 
brains were supposed to exist was 
filled with soft soap. He gradu- 
ally revived and was presented to 
the museum of the adjacent insti- 
tution of learning where he has 
;3ince been employed as exchange 
^editor. " Si-c-c-ck him Tige. It 
;may be the missing link. 
a * * 

- The Richmond Message says 

?:his : " Although the exchange 

editor last year highly compli- 

nented the South Carolina Colle- 

\ r ian, we feel that we must give it 

one of the first places among Col- 
lege journals. Now, don't get 
proud and stuck up, Mr. Collegian. 
at so much praise. Yours is a fine 

And in answer hear what the 
Collegian says : " No danger friend. 
Modesty was always our leading 
characteristic. We saw, besides 
that, some fine articles. The Mes- 
senger is to have a new corps of 
editors for October. We can wish 
no more than that they be as suc- 
cessful as their predecessors." 

"You kill my dog, I'll kill your 

* * 


The North Carolina TeacJier in 
its September number has an ex- 
cellent sketch of the life of our 
President, Hon. Kemp P. Battle,. 
LL. D. It is also frontispieced 
with, the Teacher says, "a most 
excellent portrait of Hon. Kemp 
P. Battle (engraved expressly for 
the Teacher).' 1 '' We really must 
say that it was an excellent idea 
in the Teacher to mention this, 
because if it had not we could 
scarcely have told whom the en- 
graving was intended to represent. 
The President ought to sue you 
for damages for telling it, tho'. 

Miss Davenport has assumed 
the additional role of an author 
and has in the October Brooklyn 
Magazine a very interesting article 
with the " catching title," '" Is the 
Stage Immoral?" She warmly de- 



fends the morals of the stage and 
certainly does herself great credit 
as a writer. Edith H. Thomas 
has contributed a particularly 
beautiful poem, " Autumn Peace." 
This is deservedly given the place 
of -honor in the number. Mrs. 
Flora Adams Darling's novel, "A 
Social Diplomat." a story of 
Washington life is commenced 
and promises to be interesting 
reading. Mrs. Henry Ward 
Beechers' letter from England is 
devoted to " Seeing the Sights in 
London." Besides these, the 
Magazine contains sermons by 
Mr. Beecher in England and by 
Mr. Talmage at home. 

As usual the Southern Bivouac 
for November is exceedingly in- 
teresting. It is full of articles of 
general and varied interest. The 
article by Hugh N. Stornes, on 
the " Rice Fields of Carolina," 

describes very graphically one of 
the most picturesque features of 
Southern agriculture. It is fully 
illustrated, and from either a liter- 
ary or industrial point of view is 
of more than passing value. 
Thomas M. Boyd who was a cadet 
at the Virginia Military Institute 
when Gen. Stonewall Jackson was 
professor of Natural Philosophy 
and instructor in artillery tactics 
gives some personal reminiscences 
of the great soldier, which are of 
more than usual value in forming 
an estimate of his character. O. 
B. Mayor has a story of the 
Revolutionary war entitled "The 
two marksmen of Ruff's Moun- 
tain," the scene of which, is in 
South Carolina. It is a vivid 
picture of life in the hill-country 
at that time. The piece will be 
concluded in December. The 
Bivouac is a valuable journal. 




— Delaware College has abol- 
ished co-education. 

— At Princeton the Fresh class 
will have compulsory gymnastic 
exercises throughout the year. 

— Lafayette's disorderly spirit 
has again revived. It manifested 
itself in a cane-rush and several 
hours of midnight noise. 

— The annual cane-rush at Yale 
was witnessed by 2,000 people. 

— Foot-ball has taken the place 
of cane-rush at Cornell. 

— Muhlenberg has 25 Fresh- 
men; Dickinson, 26; Haverford, 
28; Franklin & Marshall, 29; 
Gettysburg, 35; Rutgers, 40; 
Wake Forest, 55 ; N. C. Univer- 
sity, 90 ; Amherst, 80; Williams, 
55; Smith, 100; Willisby, 166; 
Princeton, 191 ; Cornell, 2^0. 

— Statistics show that the at- 
.endance at the German Univer- 
sities for the summer sessions just 
closed was 28,021, divided as fol- 
ows : Berlin, 4,434 ; Leipzig, 3,- 
)6o ; Munich, 3,035 ; Hall, 1,518; 
3reslau, 1,425 ; Turbinger, 1,403 ; 
.Vuerzberg, 1,369; Freiburg, I,- 
',19; Bonn, 1,293; Goettengin, 1,- 
)j6 ; Heidelberg, 1,036; Greifs- 
vald, 1,016; Marburg, 939; Ear- 
anger), 909; Komegsberg, 876; 
>trassburg, 846 ; Jena, 655 ; Kiel, 
42; Giessen, 513; Rostock, 313 

The increase over previous years 
is remarkable. In 18S0 the total 
number was 20,988, an increase of 
7,033 in half a decade. The prin- 
ciple increase has been in both 
theological and medical depart- 
ments. The number of law stu- 
dents has decreased. 

— Base ball seems to have un- 
disputed sway at Muhlenburg 

— A mock parliament, pattern- 
ed after the English parliament 
is successfully carried on at Johns 
Hopkins. They have a similar 
institution, tho' on style of the 
American Congress, at Cornell. 

— Williams College is taking 
lead of all other colleges, except 
Harvard and Yale, in forming an 
athletic league. 

- — Harvard is still the largest 
college in the country ; Oberlin 
comes Second, and Columbia has 
fallen to third place ; Michigan is 
fourth and Yale fifth. 

— James Russell Lowell has re- 
sumed his position as professor of 
Modern Languages and Belles 
Letters at Harvard. He is con- 
ducting two courses ; one in Ital- 
ian, Dante, and the other in Span- 
ish Cervantes. 

— The topical system has been 
adopted in the study of American 



History at Cornell. Each num- 
ber of the class is assigned a topic, 
in the preparation of which he is 
expected to engage in original in- 
vestigation. The report is to be 
in the form of an essay and hand- 
ed to the Professor. 

— The Syracusan says : Were 
there as many ladies in each of 
the other classes as there are in 
the Freshman class, a stranger 
might think ours a female college 
that had opened its doors to gen- 

— The students at the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania will repro- 
duce the Greek play entitled, 
" The Acharnians" at the Acade- 
my of Music in New York, on 
Friday evening November 19th. 

— Harvard, Yale, Cornell and 
Princeton have daily papers. 

— It is said that Georgia chart- 
ered the first female college that 
was ever built in the world. 

— An interesting coincidence it 
is that Yale should confer LL. 
D. upon Oliver W. Holmes, Jr., 
while- Oxford was doing much the 
same for Oliver W. Holmes, Sr. 

— Of the 307,804 teachers in 
the public schools of the United 
States and Territories, 198,000 or 
nearly two thirds are women. 

— Forty-one books written by 
the members of the Yale Faculty 
have been published in the last 
six years. 

— Of the 380 Senators, Repre- 
sentatives and Delegates catalo- 
gued in the Congressional Direc- 
tory, 208 received only an ordi- 
nary or academic education, 151 
went through college, 4 were West 
Pointers and 6 are self-educated. 
Harvard has 8 graduates enrolled ; 
University of Virginia 7 ; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina 7 ; Prince- 
ton 6 ; Yale, Miami and Michi- 
gan 5 each; Union 4; Bowdoin 
4; Darmouth, Hamilton, Am- 
herst, Williams and Trinity 2 each. 

— It is said that of every one 
hundred freshman that enter Yale 
seventy-five graduate, and at Har- 
vard seventy-four. 

— A gentleman from Chicago 
has sued Harvard College for 
$50,000 damages for injuries re- 
ceived by the explosion of chemi- 
cals which he was using under the 
directions of a professor. 

— It is reported that the alumni 
of Yale are raising a fund of 
$100,000 for the purpose of build- 
ing for her the finest gymnasium 
in the world. 

— The new President of Yale is 
the third Dwight that has been 
elected to that position. The 
first one entered upon his duties 
about 100 years ago and the Presi- 
dent Dwight of to-day is in a di- 
rect line of descent from him. 

— In this country it has been 
discovered that the distinctively 



;ientific schools number 92 ; 
lanual schools, 255; Medical 
Dlleges, 145 ; Institutions for the 
igher education of women, 236 ; 
,aw schools, 57; There are 370 
niversities and colleges in the 
United States with an attendance 
f 65,522 students. 
— The following story of Presi- 
ent Hopkins is told in one of the 
)Ilege journals: The President 
leeting on a car a student whose 
laracter of sobriety was not good 
id whose appearance was an evi- 
3nce of a recent debauch, ap- 
roached him and solemnly and 
:proachfully said, " Been on a 
funk." " So have I," was the 
imediate reply. 

— Ex-President Noah Porter, of 
ale College, assisted by one hun- 
'ed associate editors and clerks 

getting out a revised edition of 
r ebster's dictionary. 

—Gen. Francis A. Walker at 

the instance of Senator Stanford 
will soon visit Europe to inspect 
some of the colleges of England, 
France and Germany; for the 
benefit, if any can be derived of 
the proposed Stanford University 
of California. 

— The German government has 
ordered the establishment of chairs 
in Hygiene in all the Universities 
of the Empire. 

— Of the late ex-President Mc- 
Lean it is stated that he was born 
in Princeton, the son of a Prince- 
ton Professor; graduated from 
the college in 18 16, and immedi- 
ately became a tutor in the insti- 
tution. He was made professor 
of Mathematics in 1823 and Presi- 
dent in 1854. After 1868, when 
he was succeeded by Dr. McCosh, 
he continued to live in Princeton, 
his whole life thus being passed 
under the shadow of the college. 


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niversity Magazine. 

)ld Series Vol. XIX. 
Jew Series Vol. VI. 

December, 1886. 


Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

No. 4. 



Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 


By Mrs. C. 

Paul Carrington Cameron 
hose portrait graces this No. of 
I University Magazine, was 
ie second son of the late Judge 
'ttncan Cameron and his wife 
ebecca Bennehan. He was born 
;ptember 25th, 1808, at Stag- 
He, Orange Co., the residence of 
s. grand-father, Richard Benne- 

A few words as to the Cameron 
mily so well and widely known 
this and other States may be 
interest to our readers of the 
esent date, and of value to the 
storian hereafter. The study of 
nealogy is yet in its infancy 

P. Spencer. 

among us and the interest excited 
by its details may possibly be but 
languid. That they are of im- 
portance however is undeniable. 
The taste for such inquiries should 
be cultivated, and family records 
should be carefully made and pre- 

The Camerons are, of course, of 
Scotch descent. Their immediate 
ancestor in this country was an 
Episcopalian clergyman, the Rev. 
John Cameron, D. D., a native of 
Scotland, born in the village of 
Farintosh in the Highlands, a 
lineal descendant of Sir Ewen 
Cameron, chief of the clan, of 



whom it was written that he was 
" a man of loyal heart, who obeyed 
his king and adored his God." 

The Rev. John Cameron came 
to America equipped with an ex- 
cellent classical education. He 
was a graduate of an Edinburg 
College, and had been admitted 
to orders in the Church of Eng- 
land. He landed at Newport 
News in Virginia during the colo- 
nial government, and had his first 
charge in Mecklenburg county on 
the Roanoke river, not far from 
Alexander's Ferry. While here 
he married Anne Owen, a daugh- 
ter of Col. Thomas Nash, elder 
brother of Gov. Abner and. Gen. 
Francis Nash, both distinguished 
in the Revolutionary history of 
North Carolina. These brothers 
were all born in Prince Edward 
county, Va., their father having 
come from Wales ; and all three 
settled in North Carolina and be- 
came identified with her history. 
It was during the residence of 
Dr. Cameron in Mecklenburg 
county, that his eldest child Dun- 
can, was born in 1777. Subse- 
quently Dr. Cameron was called 
to the old Blandford church near 
Petersburg, where for years he 
ministered to a large congregation 
of intelligent planters, merchants 
and professional men. The church 
and parsonage occupied by him 
are still standing and in good pre- 
servation. There for many years 
he was a prominent figure in the 

community, a useful parish priest 
celebrating the marriages am 
funerals of all classes far and nea 
in town and country. 

Declining health induced hir 

to resign his extensive charge t 

his son-in-law, Rev. Andrew Sym< 

and he then took the oversight c 

two country churches in Lunei 

burg county, and opened a self 

classical school where many brigl 

boys were educated who afte 

wards became well-known an 

honored citizens of Virginia. D 

Cameron lett behind him at h 

death the reputation of a goc 

man, a good scholar, a successf 

preacher and teacher, who we 

in for law and order in church ai 

school. Very many of his pup 

had no other schooling than h 

His son Duncan was never at ai 

college and never had any oth 

teacher than his father. 

Two brothers of Dr. Camer 
followed him to America. I 
brother William, like himself 
educated Scotchman, and an Ef 
copalian clergyman, spent t 
most of his life at William a 
Mary College. He was the frit 
and travelling companion J 
Bishop Madison, and descend? 
the Sweet Spring Mountain w 
the Bishop, he was thrown frl 
the carriage and so injured t 
he never recovered from it. . 
other brother, Duncan, who w;. 
merchant, came to America U 
his family in a merchant- 



with a cargo of linen. Landing ! letter of introduction to Judge 
at City Point, he went to Peters- ; John Haywood then living in 
burg Ins family, but was so \ Franklin county. Arriving in 
r disgusted with a short view of ; Franklin, he found the Judge out 
. slavery— its aspects and results, in a swamp duck shooting, and 
that he would not unload his ship, making known his business and 
but returned forthwith with fami- ! presenting Gov. Turner's letter, 
ly and effects to Scotland. An- the examination commenced as 
other brother, Ewen, not so well they walked back to the house, 
educated— engaged in business as Ft was continued after supper that 
a mill-builder, went to Kentucky evening, and the license was grant- 
or Tennessee, where he married, e d- the embryo lawyer writing his 
and his children removed to Texas, own license at the order of the 
,where some success attended Judge, who signed it with many 
them, Cameron county being words of encouragement, and ad- 
named for some of them. Wil- vised the young stranger to settle 
Iiam E. Cameron the able and •'" Guilford county, giving him a 
distinguished Ex-Governor of letter of introduction to Col. 
Virginia is a great grand-son of Hamilton, Clerk of the Court. 

Dr. John Cameron. u ,, 7ao „,u a „ 

. u was when going over to at- 

i^At a very early age Duncan tend Granville court that Duncan 

.ameron was allowed to accept Cameron first met, at the resi 

m invitation from Judge Paul dence of Walter Alves on Little 

Harrington, of Prince Edward river, his future wife Miss Re 

ounty, to read law in his office becca, only daughter of Richard 

•nd become an inmate of his fami- Bennehan then a wealthy planter 

y When he was nineteen years and merchant at Stagville in 

Id Judge Carrington advised him Granville. His marriage and 

o apply for a icense at once, and further success in North Carolina 

North Carolina, since in Vir- induced his brothers, John, Wil 

" C ° Uldn0t ° btaln ° netil] iiam and D, Thomas Cameron 

rlhn nrT e ' Wh, ' ,e " N ° rtH -^ '^ "*« MrS " W - AnS 
arolma no such requirement was to follow him to this State John 

k ::ri ry - Th ; young man graduated « c ^ *■« * S 

•ok th,, advice and came direct with the first honors of his class 

ur^rof w'r °m GOV -, JamCS and afterWardS PraCt ' Ced ]aw -' 
f barren ° nly PCr ' the Fa y e «eviHe district with suc- 

W SUte Wh 7, he k — cess; was made President of the 
v. rurner received him "very Branch U. S. Bank, and after! 
^ly, and sent h,m on with a | wards Judge of U. S. District 



Court of Florida. He was lost at 
sea in the ship-wreck of the steam- 
er Pulaski, outside Charleston 
harbor. Dr. Thomas practiced 
his profession of medicine in Fay- 
etteville, was a member of the 
Legislature and of the State 
Council and enjoyed the confi- 
dence of the community where he 
lived and died. William was a 
man of delicate health— a planter 
and tanner. His grand-son is now 
G overnor of Virginia. 

Duncan Cameron rose early 
and rapidly to reputation as a 
lawyer and man of affairs. In 
1800 he was Clerk of Supreme 
Court. In i8o6-'7-'i2 and 13 he 
was member of the House of 
Commons from Orange. In 18 14 
was made Judge Superior Court, 
which office he resigned in '16. 
In i8i9-'22-23 he was State 
Senator from Orange. In 1829 he i 
was made President of the old | 
State Bank of North Carolina, j 
which he retained till his resigna- 
lion in '49. His death occurred | 
at his residence in Raleigh in 1853. | 

In all these various offices of 
public trust, Judge Cameron 
proved himself a man of signal 
ability, force of character and in- 
tegrity, an excellent and success- 
ful lawyer as long as he remained 
at the Bar;— on the Bench his 
learning, his strong convic- 
tions and his elevated character 
gave him great influence and au- 
thority, while as a financier his 

shrewd sense and skilful manage 
ment were unsurpassed. On hi: 
marriage he had settled in Orang( 
county, where in a quiet and un 
ostentatious manner he exercisec 
an ample hospitality, entertainiris 
all comers with unaffected am 
cheerful cordiality. It is largel; 
to the influence and example o 
such citizens as he that Nort 
Carolina owes her character an 
reputation abroad for steadines 
honesty and solid worth. 

Mr. Cameron has presented th 
year to the Dialectic Society, 
fine portrait of his father by th 
artist Wm. G. Brown. 

In compliment to his ear 
friend and benefactor, Judg 
Cameron named his second so 
Paul Carrington, and his youn 
est daughter for Mrs. Carringtc 
—Mildred Coles. He had s 
daughters and two sons: Mai- 
Margaret, Rebecca, Jean, Anil 
Owen, Mildred, Thomas and Vai 
Margaret married the late Ge 
Mordecai, of Raleigh, survivii 
him a few years and dying chil 
less. Paul Carrington is the sc 
survivor of his father's childrt 
and his children are the only d 
cendants of the Judge. He ml 
ried December 20th, 1832. Ani 
second daughter of Chief Just 
Ruffin, at the Ruffin residence 
Alamance county. This uni 
has now for fifty-four years 
cured Mr. Cameron's dome<j 
happiness. Seven of their chi 



ren have lived to maturity: Re- 
becca, wife of Major John W. 
Graham who died leaving a fami- 
ly of six children ; Anne R., wife 
of Maj. Geo. P. Collins; Margaret 
B., wife of Robert B. Peebles; 
Pauline C, wife of Wm. B. Shep- 
ard ; Mildred Coles, unmarried; 
* Duncan, who married Mary 
Short ; Bennehan, unmarried. 

Mr. Cameron received his edu- 
cation partly at the University of 
North Carolina, (i825-'26) and 
partly at what is now Trinity Col- 
lege, Hartford, at which latter 
institution he graduated July, 
1829. He read law in Raleigh in 
:he office of his father. Judge 
Cameron, looking forward to the 
practice of that profession with 
;ager ambition. Like many other 
Southern gentlemen however, he 
,vas heavily weighted at the start 
:>y responsibilities and duties 
•vhich could neither be ignored, 
lor delegated to others. A large 
anded interest and the guardian- 
ship of numerous slaves demand- 
id his care, and he became of ne- 
cessity a planter, managing not 
>nly his own estate, but his fath- 
:rs and those of various near rela- 
ives committed to his charge in 
he States of North Carolina, Ala- 
)ama and Mississippi. 

In the conduct of these respon- 
ibilities Mr. Cameron has ex- 
libited for more than fifty years 

* Since the above was written we regret to learn 
f the death of Mr. Duncan Cameron at his father's 
Sfdence in Hillsboro, Nov. 27th. 

an administrative and financial 
ability, an energy and an integri- 
I ty which would have secured him 
: high honors on any field of action. 
I His career has been characterized 
j by a simple straight-forward devo- 
tion to what he conceived to be 
j duty in every relation of life. As 
1 a son, as the head of a family, as 
a citizen, and as the Guardian of 
i nineteen hundred slaves, his course 
j may challenge inquiry and would 
no doubt repay it. The very mis- 
takes of such men are instructive. 
That Mr. Cameron has ne er 
erred no one will affirm ; that he 
has been able to please everybody 
in the conduct of his extensive 
and multifarious interests is equal- 
ly doubtful ; but his strict sense 
of honor, of justice, and his un- 
flinching adherence to what ap- 
peared to him right, at the time, 
have never been called in question. 
He engaged with great earnest- 
ness in all agricultural improve- 
ment, advocated the early intro- 
duction of labor-saving machines, 
and the adoption of the best and 
most intelligent systems of farm- 
ing. He was president of the 
first agricultural society organized 
in North Carolina, and his address 
at its first meeting is a model of 
practical suggestion and sagacious 
forecast. He has always been an 
ardent supporter of internal im- 
provements, and though incurring 
losses occasionally, as all pioneers 
in such work do, he has always 



been a large contractor and stock- 
holder en our railroads. On the 
building of the N. C. Road he 
was the first man to enter on the 
work, and the first to complete 
h i s section. Subsequently he 
succeeded Col. Fisher as its Presi- 
dent and was for years one of its 
Directors. A Director also for 
the last ten years of the R. & G. 
and of the R. & A. Air-Line. In 
1856 he was a member of the 
State Senate. Whenever an im- 
portant committee could procure 
Mr. Cameron as its chairman, the 
public have long felt that the 
business in hand would be done, 
and well done. 

Mr. Cameron has never sought 
office and never has accepted it 
but at the call of duty, and when 
he felt that he could serve the 
State. The successful manage- 
ment of his large estates, the per- 
formance of his duty to his own 
family and wide circle of friends 
and the exercise of a genial and 
truly Southern hospitality at his 
plantation of Farintosh, or his 
home in Hillsboro, have sufficient- 
ly employed his energies. He 
was one of the very few Southern 
planters whom emancipation 
found free from debt, so that he 
retained his landed property and 
re-established his fortunes on the 
new basis with undiminished credit 
and success. His conservative 
principles have always been 
moderated by an intelligent liber- 
ality, and this fine spirit keeps 

him now in advanced life still 
fresh and indomitable, en rapport 
with all around him, ?nd making 
the best of the inevitable with 
judgment and sagacity unim- 
paired. His army of slaves had 
ever received strictly humane 
treatment. He took pride in the 
knowledge that all his dependants 
were well fed, clothed and housed, 
and that their condition might 
challenge comparison with that of 
any in the fifteen slave States of 
the Union. When freed at the 
close'of the civil war, they parted 
from their master with kindly 
feeling, and the elder ones greet 
him yet wherever they chance to 
meet him, North or South, with, 
the same exhibition of attachment 
He has really a right to be a. c 
proud of this record as of an) 
other of his life's work, and it i 
probable that he is, for he tell- 
with some zest in these latter'day.^ 
of a family of negroes devised tc 
him by a friend "for cmancipa 
Hon," whom he settled in Liberi 
under the care of the Americai 
Colonization Society providim 
them with house and food fo 
twelve months, and one thousam 
dollars in gold as an outfit. The; 
all returned from Africa and pre 
sented themselves at the door o 
his house in Orange county, bh 
ginsr him to take them back as slave. 
Reviewing his life in a recen 
letter to a friend Mr. Camero 
writes : "If I deserve credit fo 
any work of my life it is for th 



jart I have taken in discharge of 
ny office as a Trustee of the Uni- 
versity ; steadfast and true to its 
nterests at all times, and anxious 
low to make it in future the best 
Irnament of the State. I am glad 
;o recall that I was able to save 
:he Trustees in 1 859. '60 from the 
lumiliation of seeing the new 
East and West Building left stand- 
ng incompleted for the want of 
unds, — and that Memorial Hall 
n '84-'85 would have stood un- 
:overedand unfinished if I had not 
villingly advanced the necessary 

He has been in truth the cen- 
tal figure in University affairs 
since its restoration and re-organi- 
sation in 1S75. Its speed} 7 re- 
labilitation then was due to his 
rnergetic oversight, and he has 
jver since been an active and in- 
iuential and most judicious mem- 
Der of the Executive Committee 
:o which is entrusted the practical 
:onduct of the affairs of the insti- 
:ution. One striking evidence of 
:he public e "timation of the value 
)f Mr. Cameron's services is seen 
n the fact that he was unani- 
nously elected chairman of the 
\lumni Association and continued 
or a succession of years against 
lis earnest protest as not being a 

Mr. Cameron is a capital public 
peaker. He goes to the point, 
:ommands attention and is always 
:ffective. Those who have been 

so fortunate as to hear his singu- 
larly neat, elegant, and animated 
short speeches on various occa- 
sions at the University commence- 
ments will remember them long as 
mode's of their kind. His most 
elaborate performance here was 
the address delivered at the Inau- 
guration of Memorial Hall at the 
commencement of '85. With 
great propriety he had been in- 
voked by the authorities as the 
orator of the occasion, for to him 
more than to any other man this 
beautiful and interesting building 
owes its erection. Without at all 
detracting from the merits of 
such co-workers as Gov. Jarvis and 
President Battle we may say this 
much; its first conception was 
his, and to his untiring energy, ac- 
tivity, enthusiasm and timely pecu- 
niary advances, it was mainly due 
that in less than two years from 
the making the first brick, the 
building was completed and hand- 
ed over to the Trustees of the 
Institution. Memorial Hall is in 
truth Mr. Cameron's own best 
monument. Several of the tablets 
within its walls were placed at his 
expense. To him is due that the 
founder of the University, General 
Davie, has his place there — a most 
graceful tribute from the latest 
powerful friend of the college to 
the earliest. 

His address was an extremely 
interesting resume of his connec- 
tion with Chapel Hill, and asso- 



ciation with the many distinguish- 
ed men whose names are linked 
with its history. His tribute to 
each of these old friends was 
generous and discriminating. It 
was precisely such an address as 
the occasion demanded and 
though written amid a rush of 
business and family cares and 
anxieties, is a fine specimen of 
good writing, good taste, and the 
clearest English. 

Mr. Cameron's frequent visits 
to Chapel Hill within the past few 
years have placed him before us 
in a most amiable and preposses- 
sing light. His ruddy complex- 
ion and bright dark eyes sur- 
rounded by an aureole of snow- 
white curling hair, his air of 
habitual command conjoined with 
the fine courtesy of a thorough- 
bred gentleman of the old school 
afford a picture that our young 
people will do well to keep in 

One aspect of Mr. Cameron's 
character should not be omitted 
in any delineation of him, and 
that is his benignant interest in 
young people, and in their pleas- 
ures. For years he has made a 
point of being present at the Com- 
mencement dances, and the Senior 
Reception, giving them dignity, 
and endorsing their claims to 
public respect by his presence. 

Our venerable friend stands 
now representative to the rising 
generation of a class of men the 

like of whom will never again be 
seen in our country. Their faults 
as well as their virtues have beer 
the product of a system of life 
now passed away forever. The 
Southern slave-holder will figure 
in History, will adorn the page:- 
of Romance, and will be held up 
alternately to the admiration 01 
to the scorn of mankind, as tyrant 
or as patriarch according as frienc 
or foe shall depict him. We who 
; know them well, who recall the 
high-toned chivalrous gentleman 
the ardent patriotic citizen, the 
generous friend and neighbor, tht 
tender husband and father, the 
just and humane master — we take 
courage when we reflect that the 
final Judge of all is not a man 
God alone knows through what 
difficulties the Southern plantei 
went forward to his duty, ho^ 
fearfully weighted by his inherit 
ance, how blinded, how hampered 
how weakened by circumstance: 
which neither he nor his father: 
could control. 

With these remembrances, wi 
look with reverence and affectioi 
on those who remain. Their fail] 
ings have vanished from our vision, 
and we bid our young men tak< : 
courage from the example of theij 
virtues to go on in the path o 
duty without fear and without re 

Mr. Cameron rejoices at preseni 
in the possession of eighteei 
promising grand-children. W< 
may be permitted to express thtl 
hope that he may live to sec 
many more around him, and tha 
not one of all the number ma) 
fail to cheer his heart, or to d<' 
honor to a worthy lineage. 




From cloudless firmament, the moon 
O'er the lone site of Delphi shone, 
As on her cliffs, with toil opprest, 
The young Greek laid him down to rest : — 
But rested not. For who could sleep 
Upon that consecrated steep? — 
Who see unmoved Parnassus' height, 
Still with the latest sunbeams bright, 
.Dr stand upon the sacred sod 
Where from his temple spoke the god, 
\nd. by his oracle, of old 
The coming fate of empires told. 
And sink untroubled into rest, 
With mournful visions unopprest ? 
what rudest stranger could have viewed 

Jnawed, this holy solitude — 

This spot, by memory hallowed 
Of by-gone days, forever fled ? 

What tyrant could have rested here, 
Wor dropped for hapless Greece a tear? 
Then deeper far must he have felt — 
The solitary Greek— who knelt 

Villi reverence on that sacred ground, 

To meditate the scene around. 

The silvery moonbeams' mellow hue 

ioftened the rude spot to the view ; 

Jehind, Parnassus' double height, 

)efying still the shades of night, 

ligh-lifted its sunlighted brow 

ilajestic o'er the cliff's below. 

The pines, which on its sides reclined, 

■ighed mournful to the rushing wind — 

The sickly, melancholy glow 

Vhich o'er the gloom t h e moonbeams 
throw, — 

'he distant cataract's deadened noise — 

i.'he moaning breeze's stilly voice — 

''he sad scene which before him lay, 

(Jad in the twilight's mantle gray ; 
ilent, and desolate, and lone, 
Vith here and there a shivered stone, — 
'he only relics that remain, 

To mark the site of that proud fane. 

Within which erst Apollo dwelt, 

And trembling kings by proxy knelt : — 

All. these in mournful accents speak 

Of desolation to the Greek, 

As on the earth his frame he throws 

To muse upon his country's woes. 

At intervals his eye he raised 

To view the scene ; and as he gazed 

Before his mind the figures flit 

To which it erst was consecrate. 

Fancied, but vivid not the less, 

The figure of the Pythoness, 

Her face the lines of passion graving, 

Her long white hair around her waving.. 

The lifted hand — the bloodshot eye— 

The smotheied shout of ecstacy — 

As her mind penetrated through, 

Time's vista opening to its view, 

And, in the trance of prophecy, 

The future passed before his eye, — 

Seemed faint to stand before his sight, 

Half-hidden, half-disclosed in night. 

But suddenly he starts with fear, 
As sounds unearthly greet his ear ; 
Now as the lute, heard from afar, 
Now swelling to the trump of war, 
Now sinking into funeral wail — 
Now rushing like the stormy gale, 
Unable or to stand or flee, 
Trembling, he sank upon his knee, 
As voices from the holy ground 
Arose, and mingled with the sound, 

"Awake, Hellenian ! sleep'st thou now 
In Morpheus' mantle wrapped art thou 
When Greece aroused is Greece again. 
And rushes to the battle-plain ? 
Once more aspiring to be free, 
She rouses from her lethargy — 



Casts off the ignominious yoke, 
Ne'er to be riveted, once broke ! 
Her youths are crowding to her ranks, 
Shout high, and form the firm phalanx ; 
The flame that erst illumed the land, 
That led to death the Spartan band. 
With Philopcemen that expired, 
Their renovated souls hath fired : — 
And Freedom's banner waves on high, 
O'e-r spirits that prevail or die. 
Greece starts, and buckling on the sword 
Defies her proud barbarian lord — ; 
Wake ! roused from sleep not only be, 
Wake, oh awake — to liberty ! 

' Rise, Grecian, at thy country's voice. 

And at the glorious call rejoice ! 

Alas for her ! Her silent shore, 

To Freedom's chant resounds no more ! 

A stranger tyrant rules the land. 

Where rest the Lacedemonian band. 

And where in death they still are free, 

Their sepulchre, Thermopylae. 

Those seas, whose briny waters lave 

The bones of her departed brave ; 

Seas, with her heroes' blood oft red — ; 

Where oft the Persian turned and fled 

Before her fleets — those glorious seas, 

The Libyan pirate ravages ! 

And Greece is now a slave to slaves 

Of those she conquered on their waves ! 

But to the upstart Turcoman, 

The work of ruin has begun, — 

Burst into action Freedom's cause ; 

Greece the keen-edged sabre draws, 

Which long has rusted in repose, 

And the cursed yoke from round her throws 

Tho' past are her meridian days, 

Expired her pristine glory's blaze, 

Clotted with rust her battle brand, 

And foreign tyrants rule the land ; 

Though Freedom's banner now is furled, 

The goddess from her temple hurled, 

Her former race of heroes dead, 

And all her gathered glories fled, 

Some ne'er to be recovered — yet, 

Her sun has not forever set : — 

Restored that glory soon shall be, 

Like to its pristine brilliancy ; 

That banner soon be spread, and wave 
Over a band of warriors brave, 
Sons, worthy their extinguished sires, 
Whom Liberty returns and fires ; 
Who, at her trumpet call shall spring 
And back to life her laurels bring : 
The mists which now her sky o'ercast, 
Her rising sun disperse at last ; 
That rusted brand leap from its sheath, 
And brighten in the work of death : 
And horrible shall be its work ; 
Dreadful its flashings to the Turk ! 
I say, who never said in vain, 
Your country shall be Greece again ! 
Again a voice from Delphi speaks, 
To promise liberty to Greeks. 

' Grecian, arise ! — rouse thee from sleep — 

The sleep of slavery — more deep 

Than stagnant Stygian pool — far worse 

Than all the pangs of Tantalus ! 

Degenerate tho' thy lips to lave 

In servitude's Lethean wave ; 

Tho' sunk so low to bow the knee 

To stranger lords, themselves not free — 

Slave tho' thou art — I say arise ! 

Gird, gird thy limbs — thy country cries — 

She wakes to liberty again — 

Go, hie thee to the battle-plain ! 

Say, pin'st thou not for freedom's dawn, 

Condemned a slave to roam forlorn, 

O'er wilds, whose every spot displays 

The mouldering wrecks of happier days ! 

Darest thou, a slave, to tread the sod, 

Where fearless once your fathers trod? 

Darest thou, a slave, the spot to eye. 

Where the far-famed three hundred lie? 

Nor fear the presence of a slave, 

Would rouse them from their hallowe 

grave ? 
No ! to the consecrated spot, 
Where rest their ashes, go thou not ! 
Each phantom from the tomb would rise, 
And curse thee for thy cowardice ! 
Call thee, dishonor to their race. 
And drive thee from their resting-place. 

' Warrior, if ever flushed thy cheek, 
At the harsh term, degenerate Greek — 



: e'er thou'st known a patriot's flame — 
: e'er, at mention of thy shame, 
Sfiou'st felt but one indignant glow 
uffuse thy face — I tell thee, go ! 
'o battle, and redeem thy fame — 
.escue from infamy thy name ! — 
.nd that fair name on Glory's scroll 
/ith thy illustrious sires enroll. 
.nd if it be thy glorious lot 
'o fall — thou shalt not fall forgot ! 
.live, thou shalt acquire renown ; — 
access all thy endeavors crown ; — 
say, who never said in vain ; — 
rO, seek it on the battle-plain ! 
tell thee, go ! by all the woes 
%y country's annals can disclose ; 
y every wound that mangled Greece 
*tr felt from Othman's cruel race ; 
y that band of glorious dead, 
hat erst to rescue Heilas bled, 
nd suffered at Therm )pvl;e - 
J> yon consecrated sea — 
y all your torpid soul can move — 
y all you hate, and all you love ; — 
o! — nerve your arm in Freedom's cause- 
$ve Greece her liberty and laws ; — 
eave not the struggle, but with breath — 
ield to no conqueror but death ' 

JJut if thy cowaul soul refuse 
i such a cause, e'en life to lose — ; 
II thou art callous to the flame 
hat gave thine ancestors their fame — 
' not the spark thy bosom warms 
hat calls thy countrymen to arms — 
rests thy scymetar in peace 
r hilst for her freedom battles Greece 

Go ! — in some corner hide your head, 
Whilst in the cause your brethren bleed — 
Thro' lingering years revolving slow. 
Live on in infamy and woe — 
Then in some nameless grave be flung. 
Justly despised — unknown to song !" 

The voices ceased : the youth still kneeled, 
His heart with holy reverence filled, 
As thoughts that burn successive roll 
Across his renovated soul. 
E'er from the sacred soil he rose 
He swore, by all lvs country's woes. 
To listen to the phantom's call, 
And with her fortunes stand or fall ; — 
Never to cease the glorious strife, 
Or yield, if requisite, his life. 
And after, e'er the radiant sun 
Its daily journey thrice had run, 
He mingled in the battle's roar, 
And stained his sword with Turkish gore ; 
Unfaltering, still his course pursued 
Thro' each adverse vicissitude, 
' Till, his high part accomplished well, 
: Fighting in Freedom's ranks he fell, 
Loud uttering, with his latest breath, 
! His war-cry, " Liberty or Death !" 
I And many a sympathetic tear 
I Has trickled on his honored bier ; — 
I The grateful Grecian bards rehearse 
His glorious deeds, in simple verse ; — 
And the delivered Grecian fair 
With sorrowing bosoms oft repair, 
Mid the. descending evening gloom, 
To scatter flowers upon his tomb. 

1'. \V. Alston. 




The sources of great works of 
art must ever be of the deepest 
interest to us. To see a rude old 
story, which for ages has lain life- 
less amid the rubbish of time, 
transmuted by a Shakespeare into 
a new. form of life and beauty en- 
larges our conception of human 
powers. Here is the work of 
genius to bring forth a new soul 
whether from the carcass of an- 
other age or not. No richer store- 
house of such transmutable mate- 
rial can be found than the national 
legends of a country, breathed 
forth in an age of spontaneous 
faith. Such are the legends of 
Arthur and his Knights of the 
Round Tabie, the fountain and 
inspiration of so much English 
poetry. In our own day the 
greatest of living poets has fash- 
ioned anew the old stories ; and it 
is with the growth of the material 
used in one of the most exquisite 
of the " Idyls of the King" that 
we now have to do. 

The Arthurian cycle of legends 
were centuries in maturing. That 
enchanted world of noble Knights 
and fair ladies, of joists and quests 
and adventurous deeds grew only 
with time from their rude begin- 
nings of the sixth century. In 

/that century the little island o 
Briton was the scene of a grea 
race struggle. Our anglo-saxoi 
fore-fathers were slowly but sure 
ly pushing back the blue-eyec 
Britons to their western wilds 
But the conquered Britains lovec 
to look back at the days whei 
they were masters, and their viva 
cious fancy and joyous brightnes 
wove around that last great strug 
gle a gorgeous web of myth. Ii 
this myth Arthur became th 
representative British chieftain 
and expanded from century t 
century, till he outgrew this pett 1 
struggle, and became the hero o 
England, the conquerer of th 

In this state we find the Artlu 
rian cycle in the early part of th 
twelfth century, just before it rt 
ceived a living soul from anothe 
myth that was born about tha 
time, and grew to it — that of th 
Holy Grail or Sangrtal, the disj 
from which our Saviour ate th 
paschal lamb at the last supper. 

The origin of the Sangrei 
myth has been a subject of grea 
dispute among scholars, but s 
much' seems at least to be certaii 
that it first received a literary e>i 
pression in the latter partiof th 



elfth century at the hands of 
alter Map or Mapes, an Eng- 
fch ecclesiastic of Welsh descent. 
The story of the Grail was em- 
jodied by May in two Latin vol- 
imes ; the Romance of the Holy 
jrail, sometimes called the Ro- 
maiice of Joseph of Arimathea, 
md the Romance of the Quest of 
he Holy Grail, which was proba- 
bly a later conception. The Latin 
>riginals of these romances are 
)oth lost, but the old French 
jrose translations of Robert de 
3orron, a poet of the court of 
Vfontbeliard in the region of the 
/•osages, stiH remain. 

The Romance of the Sangreal 
s supposed to be related by a 
lermit, to whom, in the year 717 
\. D., "was shown by an angel a 
Vonderful vision of the noble 
lecurion Joseph, who took down 
:he body of our Lord from the 
:ross, and of that dish from which 
Hir Lord supped with his disci- 
ples." In substance it is as fol- 
ows : 

After Christ's death Joseph was 
"mprisoned by the Jews, in a win- 
dowless dungeon, where he re- 
named for forty-two years, till 
'•eleased by Vespasian. During 
:hese long years, which seemed to 
'lim but as three days, he was sus- 
tained in a wonderful manner by 
; :he Holy Grail, which had been 
"jiven to him by Pilate and had 
jeen doubly consecrated by re- 
reiving some of the blood from 

Christ's wounds. (By God's com- 
mand, he then proceeds with his 
son Joseph and a numerous com- 
pany to Sarras, the city of King 
Evalach, whom he converts and 
presents with a wonderful shield, 
white, with a cross of red upon 
it. Joseph and his company then 
journey to the apostle Philip in 
Gaul, and thence to England. 
Here he carefully deposits the 
Sangreal in the treasury of a 
British King.^ The History of the 
Holy Grail contains in its earlier 
forms scarcely anything of the 
wonderful adventures and spirit- 
ual meaning which we associate 
with it from Tennyson's beautiful 
Idyl, and is only connected with 
the Arthurian cycle by a prophesy 
of the coming of Galahad and the 

The material of the story as we 
know it is found in Map's second 
romance, the Quest of the Holy 
Grail. Here the myth is first 
interwoven with the legends of 
the Round Table. Here we first 
find that spiritual knighthood 
which transcends mere worldly 
knighthood. Sir Launcelot, the 
type of worldly chivalry, becomes 
father of Galahad, the type of 
spiritual chivalry by Elama the 
daughter of King Relies, a des- 
cendant of Joseph of Arimathea, 
in whose castle the Holy Grail 
appears. On his arrival at man- 
hood the young knight Galahad 
is presented at ArthurVcourt and 



sits in the Siege Perilous, the seat 
where none but the pure can sit. 

The Holy Grail, accompanied 
by a mysterious beam of light, 
appears in the hall, and the 
Knights swear to undertake the 
quest. But this is a quest in 
which none but the pure can suc- 
ceed, and though many start 
forth, only three are successful, 
Galahad, Percival and Bors. These 
three, guided by Percival's hoi)'- 
sister, reach the city of Sarras, 
where they at last see the Holy 
Grail, and receive the sacrament 
/ from it at the hands of Joseph, 
sent again to earth for this pur- 
pose. Here Galahad and Percival 
die, and Bors alone struggles back 
to Camelot to relate their advent- 
ures to the thinned remnant of 
Arthur's Knights. The Holy 
Grail is the type of God's glory 
• upon earth, a full revelation of 
which can only be attained by 
purity of lfe. The noble Launce- 
lot, tainted by his deadly sin, ob- 
tains only a dim vision of the 
Grail after deep, humble repent- 
ance. The light, worldly Gavvaine 
soon turns back wearied with the. 

We will best understand the 
feelings which led Map to develop 
the legend, after examining the 
man and his environment. 

The twelfth century was an 
age of the darkest superstition 
and ignorance. Nothing was too 
preposterous for men's belief. 

The world was peopled wit 
dragons and fabulous being 
Eclipses threw all Europe int 
terror. Religion had degenerate 
into the wildest fanaticism. Tl 
clergy was sunk in corruption an 
debauchery. The profligacy 
the priests was a byword. Relic 
were the objects of the highe.^ 
reverence, and were believed t 
possess the most potent virtue 
The crusades, the maddest i 
fanatical wars, contributed not 
little to this right of superstitioi 
The noblest blood of Europe wa 
poured out in the far east an 
kings left their realms, and th 
duties of their kingdoms to lea 1 
on frenzied armies to gain th 
Holy sepulchre. v- 

Living in this period, himse 
an ecclesiastic. Map was in man 
respects far in advance of his agt 
He saw clearly the corruption c 
the church and the evils-of th 
crusades, and made it the hi< 
object of his life to oppose thes 
.abuses. The former he satirizes 
in the person of the fictitiou 
bishop Golias a name from Guk 
the appetite. The latter he at; 
tacked openly and by producin 
the legend of the Holy Grai 
This struck at the spirit of tjlj 
crusades by hallowing Englaru 
itself by the immediate presenct 
of Christ's own followers, am 
building around it a glorious 
spiritualism which well might vu 


in the far West with that of the 
crusades in the far East. 

The chief source on which Map 
drew in his story was the legend 
of Joseph of Arimathea. The 
legend of Joseph was of early 
growth. In t h e Apocryphal 
Gospel of Nicodemus, supposed 
to belong to the second century, 
it is related how Joseph was im- 
prisoned by the Jews, how he was 
miraculously delivered by Christ, 
and sent to his own city of Ari- 
mathea. Bui it is not until seve- 
ral hundred years later, in the 
Kirly part of the twelfth century, 
that we find that version of the 
[Story which was used by Map. It 
is then related by William of 
Malmesburg in his De Antiqaitatc 
Glastoniensis Iicclcssiae. He re- 
ates how Joseph, after his return 
:o Arimathea, on the -dispersal of 
rile disciples, came to the apostle 
Philip in Gaul and was sent by 
lim along with twelve holy men 
'»■ preach the gospel in Britain; 
low Joseph came' to Glastonbury. 
pid there built of wattled twigs 
:he first church on British soil ; 
low the heathen king Arviragus 
jave him and his companions the 
narshy island of Avallon (Welsh, 
tfalkuyn, an. orchard) and the 
listrict called the twelve wides of 
jlastonburg ; and how the holy 
nen who came after him con- 
stantly strove to preserve the 
number of twelve. We here find 

nothing but the story of a saint' 
invented by some monk who was 
zealous for the honor of his na- 
tive church, and who, unwilling 
that it should owe its origin to 
Rome, localized the legend proba- 
bly for the sake of drawing pil- 
grims to Glastonburg. We must 
look too to another source for 
some of the incidents of the 
marvelous allegorical story. He 
is much indebted to certain old 
Welsh legends of which the legend 
J of Pheredur in the Mabinogion or 
: Red Book of Her gist is a represen- 
| tative. The Mabinogion in the 
form in which we possess it be- 
| longs to the fourteenth century 
I and though it cannot represent 
the earliest form of the legend, 
the substitution . of /a salver con- 
taining a bloody head for the 
Hoi)' Grail and of the persoi al 
enmitv of the "sorceresses of 
Glouster" for the grand spiritual 
1 truths of the Grail, compel us to 
believe it the remains of earlier 
British legend. 

Pheredur is the Welsh Percival, 
the Knight of the Bad Arms, and 
k through all the story the resemb- 
lances to the Grail myth are most 
striking. In both the young 
I Percival is recognized as a great 
Knight on his arrival at Arthur's 
court by dumb persons speaking 
In the story of Pheredur the 
salver containing the bleeding- 
head is associated with a bleeding 



spear, just as the Holy Grail is as- 
sociated with the spear with which 
Christ's side was pierced. 

Map must have been well ac- 
quainted with both these sources 
of the legend. Living in the 
counties adjoining Glastonburg, 
he could not fail to be familiar 
with its wonderful history ; and 
to have had pointed out to him 
the thorn blossoming at Christ- 
mas, which sprung from St. 
Joseph's staff, and there too he 
must have seen the wonderful 
altar " sapphirus" brought to St. 
David from Palestine by angel 
hands and only rediscovered in 
his own life-time — a striking sym- 
bol of the Grail taken up into 
heaven and at length returned to 
earth. For the story was that the 
Grail was received into heaven in 
seasons of wickedness, and was 
only suffered to descend when 
purity returned to the earth. 

Himself a Welshman and chap- 
lain to Henry II., he must often' 
have heard the bards of the Welsh 
nobles who came to court rehearse; 
the legend of Pheredur among 
those stories of Arthur's times 
they loved so well. 

The idea of centering the mate- 
rials and the different forms of 
such a legend around the cup 
used by our Saviour at the last 
supper, was probably suggested 
to Map by the ^discovery at the 
sacking of Cesar®* by the crusa- 
ders of a dish, made of a single 

emerald, supposed to have beer 
the identical one used by Christ 
This cup is now preserved ii 
Genoa in the treasury of the 
cathedral of San Lorenzo, and i 
really a hexagonal dish of greenisl 
glass. The lance associated witl 
it had even earlier become a sub 
ject of legend, and William o 
Malmestury tells us that it wa 
among the presents sent to Kin 
Athelstan by Hugh King of th 
Franks in 926, A. D. 

For the shield and arms o 
Galahad, Map was indebted t 
the order of the Templars, and i 
is at. least a curious coincidence 
when viewed in connection wit] 
the salver and bloody head of th 
Mabinogion, that the Templai 
were accused of worshiping idol 
particularly a head before whic 
the novitiates were compelled t 
prostrate themselves. 

We have seen that the connei 
tion between the Grail legend an 
the Arthurian cycle in Joseph c 
Arimathea was very faint, an 
that it was only in the later ques 
of the Sangreal that this conne 
tion is brought forward and pe 
fected. The legends were at firt 
separate and their connection wa 
an after thought, growing mos 
naturally from the association ( 
each of them with the Abbey cj 
Glastonburg, the scene of Joseph 
life-work and of Arthur's burial. 

Though we may trace the var 
ous sources to which Map w 



ndebted for his materials, the 
orm and the spirit of the San- 
real myth are his own. Nowhere 
lse do we find the same spiritual 
llegory, which treats the Grail 
s the type of God's grace, the 
uest as man's struggle on earth 
or glory in heaven. These are 

In Wolfram's story the spiritual 
idea of the Grail has become 
differentiated farther from the 
worldly idea of the Round Table. 
The Grail has become the center 
of a spiritual chivalry, which has 
its own seat on Mount Salvor in 
Northern Spain, where the San- 

lap's own work. Here we may j greal is guarded in a splendid 
ttribute the authorship not to j palace by a holy order of Knights, 
ague traditions but to the glori- j The likeness of Parcival to the 
\us genius of one man. j story of Pheredur is minute and 

The Holy Grail legend was j striking, and may be accounted 
?ell suited to the spirit of the for on the supposition that Guiot, 
welfth century. The mysticism i whom Wolfram followed, modi- 
f the myth sank deep into the ! fied the story as he received it on 
earts of men already frenzied by the basis of similar legends among 
le fanaticism of the crusades, the cells of Northern France, who 
•rid Map's work found imitators retained some intercourse with 
'rid rivals in the French poets their Welsh cousins. 

•uiot le Provencal, Robert de 
orron, and Chrestien de Troyes, 
fid the German Wolfram von 
.schenback. The works of Chres- 
en de Troyes were mainly metri- 
f il translations of those of Map, 
at he expanded the part of Per- 
val, making him the hero of an- 
:her romance Parcival le Gallois. 

After the subsiding of the religi- 
ous enthusiasm to which 'Jit owed 
its popularity, the vitality]of the 
Grail myth passed away. It was 
no longer carried from mouth to 
mouth, from country to country, 
sweeping men's feelings with it. 
It became simply a beautiful story 
of the olden time — evidence of 

The works of Guiot are lost, but an intellectual life that had passed 
ose of Wolfram, which are avow- ; away. But its antique beauty 

was not always to be dead ; at the 

ily founded on them, still survive. 
Wolfram seized fully on the 
legorical idea of the myth, and 
s Parcival is the story of a man 
riving toward the light, at first 
ivering, trusting to his own 
rength, afterwards learning true 
imility and attaining his object 
th lowly repentance. 

touch of genius in our own day it 
starts up to new life. With deeper 
meaning, teaching higher, purer 
truths, the Holy Grail of Alfred 
Tennyson embalms the same old 
story for many a succeeding 
generation. M. 







The Merry Wives of Windsor is 
generally accepted as a good 
comedy. Warton calls it " the 
most complete specimen of Shake- 
speare's comic powers." 

Johnson says : " This comedy 
is remarkable for the number and 
variety of personages, who exhibit 
more characters appropriated and 
discriminated than perhaps can be 
found in any other play. Its 
general power, that power by 
which all works of genius shall 
finally be tried, is such that per- 
haps it never yet had reader or 
spectator who did not think it too 
soon at an end." 

The Welsh parson, the French 
doctor, the jovial Host, swagger- 
ing Pistol, humorous Nym, justice 
Shallow, fool Slender, the merry 
wives and pretty Mistress Anne 
Page are all characters worthy of 
being classed high on the Shakes- 
perian roll. 

The queen desired Shakespeare 
to show Falstaff in love. Modern 
criticism — perhaps the same that 
desires to prove Lord Bacon the 
author of Shakespeare's works- — 
doubts that the Merry Wives was 
written at the queens request. 

Rowe receives this from Better 
ton who was old enough to have 
received it from contemporar) 
authority. Dennis, Gildon, Pope! 
Theobald, Furnival, Dowden and 
Hudson accept this as true. 

Such authorities we cannot dis 

Here was a task. 

Falstaff in love ! Why we imagine! 
him say as Richard III did : 

" And this word — love, which graybeards cal' 

Be resident in men like one another 
And not in me ; I am myself alone." 

But a man that had written 
Romeo and Juliet, a Merchant o[ 
Venice, a Henry IV, a Richarc 
III, could prove equal to almos) 
any task. 

Not to write the play would bt 
discourteous, — to represent Fal 
staff truly in love with any savt 
himself would be impossible, — U 
represent him feigning love, over, 
taken and " made an ass of" im 

He must disobey the queen o 
throw a shadow over his herq 
whose wit had become proverbial 
His all-seeing eye could well dis; 
cern that the queen desired 



Doistrous play full of life. So love 
nust be feigned. He might have 
nade lust victorious, but this 
vould not have been consistent 
vith this greatest of all moral 
eachers. What should he do ? 

There was but one way out of 
his difficulty : to take some one 
vith a few of Falstaff's traits, 
nuch of his build and his whole 
lame to counterfeit the knight. 
'■ This statement will of course be 
loubted. This we do know how- 
:ver. Many of the best critics, 
n their criticisms of Falstaff, 
eave out the Merry Wives of 
/Vindsor altogether. Why is this? 
oimply because they did not con- 
ider the hero of this play the 
ame Falstaff. 

But it may be said that his 

ovial wit is similar. No — we can't 

tand such an assertion, for we all 

:now that the best example of 

'/it in this play does not compare 

Vith any of those flashes in Henry 

V. Still we have proof (they 

ay) of the same Falstaff in his 

•Id associates. This is extremely 

oubtful. Mistress Quickly is by 

o means the same person for she 

oes not know Falstaff, while our 

ostess of Henry IV had known 

fl iim " forty years come peascod 


Bardolph the soldier transform- 

d into a saloon tender, surely he 

J ; not the same. Pistol and Nym, 

; iough, are the same old charac- 

;rs? Why beyond a shadow of 

a doubt. Here is an evident objec^. 
Our author was making his coun- 
terfeiting hero so unlike the real 
one and was even giving him such 
different surroundings that it 
might be detected. 

So some characters exactly one 
and the same must be introduced. 
They are the same servants but 
not to the same master. Where 
in the - other plays in which Fal- 
staff figures did his hirelings show 
any sign of disobedience, and 
much more, of betraying their 
lord ? 

Shallow is the same fool-jus- 
tice as in the former plays, but 
we do not understand why he 
should have left his seat in Glou- 
cestershire ; and he does not show 
the same intimacy with Falstaff 
as in the other plays, — does not 
refer to the wild tricks of their 
youth, when at the Inns of court, 
the more proof that Falstaff was 
the same only in name. As this 
play was written for the nobility, 
Shakespeare takes the opportuni- 
ty of teaching them a moral les- 
son. He shows that the lowly 
cottage is the home of virtue. 

He shows the nobility that they 
much overrate themselves to think 
that the commons' wives are but 
to subserve their lustful ends. 

Here he makes this Falstaff of 
far higher rank than the plain 
knight Sir John and causes him 
to speak as if he were familiarly 
known at court. " If this should 



get to court, they would sweat 
my grease out of me drop by 
drop." In this also, as through- 
out, FalstafT is a different man. 
Critics have been much puzzled 
where in Falstaff's career to place 
the Windsor adventure. Few or 
none place it before his acquaint- 
ance with Prince Hal. If so placed, 
there are many stumbling blocks. 
How could he speak of himself as 
familiarly known at court before 
he knew the Prince or even before 
Henry V. came to the throne? 

How could he have had Nym 
for a servant who joined them 
many years later? 

It seems more probable that this 
adventure should be placed some- 
where during the time occupied 
by the two parts of Henry IV. 
Fenton is spoken of as having 
associated with " the wild Prince 
and with Poins," who was one of 
this lewd set of the Prince's asso- 
ciates. But the FalstafT of the 
Merry Wives cannot be placed at 
this time and still be the original 

Could he have figured through 
a whole play and have made no 
reference to his Eastcheap ad- 
ventures or his associations with 
Prince Hal ? Impossible. Besides, 
our Hostess of Eastcheap is at 
this very time a serving-woman. 
Neither of these periods can be 
chosen as the setting of the play. 

There is but one time left to 

place it — after Henry V. has as- 
scended the throne. 

Here we are deeper in the mire 
than ever. For from this time on 
we are told that FalstafT is a to- 
tally different man. " The king 
hath killed his heart." Besides, 
we should have had some refer- 
ence to the king by FalstafT and 
England's model monarch would 
never have still been called "the 
wild Prince." Moreover, we have 
evidence that FalstafT was on his 
good behaviour and was constant- 
ly watched. 

Not here, then, shall we place it. 

Then we cannot place this ad- 
venture before his acquaintance 
with the Prince, or during their 
intimacy, or after Prince Hal be- 
came king. 

- Where shall it be placed? How 
shall we make the connection be- 
tween FalstafT of the Merry Wives 
of Windsor and the FalstafT of 
King Henry IV. ? How shall wej 
account for the fat knight in two 
such irreconciliable positions? 
Why, the adventure is to be 
placed alone, with no connection 
with the many others. The con- 
nection between the two Falstaffs 
cannot be drawn, as our author 
never intended that it should be. 
The irreconciliable positions are 
to be accounted for by the char- 
acters being two separate and 
distinct men in two separate and 
distinct plays and times. 



Shakspere, as far as was possi- 
ble, obeyed the queen, but to re- 
^al old Jack he did much injustice 
n allowing the impostor of the 
Merry Wives to assume his form, 

more in allowing him to assume 
part of his " inimitable wit," and 
most in allowing him to assume 
the true Falstaff's name. 


E. P. ROE. 

It is a good thing — a most ex- 
cellent thing — for humanity that 
ghosts are invisible, intangible 
hings. Indeed, it would be in- 
sufferable otherwise. Just to think 
)f one kind of ghosts, to-wit : the 
iterary, that are now wandering, 
or rather lying still, all over the 
vorld. Let us be thankful that 
:hey are only ghosts — not things 
rapable longer of occupying our 
00m or of claiming our attention, 
livery neighborhood in every age 
:ias some literary genius, who is, 
<n the eyes of his admiring fellow- 
dtizens, destined to turn the world 
::opsy-turvy. Sometimes the ge- 
(mus hits upon a popular theme 
!ind does a little attract the world's 
<^ye, but soon, thank goodness, 
if/ery soon, he is lost to sight — he 
vanes slowly, makes a few futile 
attempts to regain his footing, 
:hen vanishes into thin air — into 
iijhosthood — into nothingness. 
: A few years ago, just after the 
jurning of Chicago, a new novel 
:laimed the attention of novel- 

reading Americans. It was " Bar- 
riers Burned Away." The author, 
as announced in glaring, gilt let- 
ters, was Rev. E. P. Roe. At once 
a storm of applause went up from 
all over our land. It was in vain 
that critics said otherwise — the 
new novel was beyond question 
the grandest literary product of 
modern times. Its writer must 
be the best man since John the 
Baptist ; he certainly had written 
the best book since John the Dis- 
ciple narrated his famous vision 
on Patmos. So said the preacher, 
and " Barriers Burned Away" lay 
between the Bible and the Prayer- 
Book on his table ; so said the 
good deacon, and he gave it in- 
stead of a blue-and-red cravat to 
each of his sons as a Christmas 
present ; so said the goody-goody 
young man who thinks that it is a 
sin to read Shakspeare and a crime 
equivalent to highway robbery to 
admire the matchless beauty of 
Byron's eloquent verse, and he 
gives to his best girl a copy of it 



elegantly bound in "yaller" paper, 
with " Mizpah " written on the 
fly-leaf; so said the angelic mother, 
the God-fearing mother, and as 
she offers her evening prayer, she 
prays God that her boy may be 
like Dennis Fleet. Vain prayer! 
When her boy becomes like Den- 
nis Fleet he'll be in such a position 
as mortal never reached. He'll 
be entitled to a seat with the 
Father, the Son, and the Holy 
Ghost. Why, Dennis Fleet would 
be contaminated if he were to 
have any intercourse whatever 
with the purest angel in heaven. 
Compare him with Shakespeare 
and Shakespeare suffers ; compare 
him with Michael Angelo and Mi- 
chael suffers ; compare him with 
Martin Luther, and he seems 
brighter by the contrast ; com- 
pare him with the only perfect 
One, and, without meaning to be 
irreverent, he would suffer but 

The end of a novel that pur- 
ports to be a novel from life should 
represent truly some phase of hu- 
man life. Dickens is a great nov- 
elist, because he truly pictures life 
among the lowly. Bulwer is a 
great novelist, because he truly 
pictures life among England's up- 
per classes. George Eliot and 
Hawthorne are great novelists, 
because of their skill in dissecting 

the human heart. E. P. Roe is a 
poor— a miserable novelist, be- 
cause he draws a picture in which 
there is not a shade, not a single 
color, not a single portion that is 
true. Because if the sphere of the 
novelist is to give human nature 
in some form or phase, then "Bar- 
riers Burned Away" is a collossal 
lie from beginning to end. 

There are some writers who, 
simply because of the force or 
beauty of their style, may be 
termed great. I purposely desig- 
nate these as writers, for they are 
not novelists in the highest, the 
true sense, although they may tell 
tales. Roe certainly cannot claim 
a place among these. His style 
is dry, insipid in the extreme. 
Roe has been so unkind to the 
American people as to throw off 
several more of his novels, all of 
which are about on a par with his 
first. But he's nearly through. 
His day is about done. The dust 
has begun to collect on his books. 
The worms are already gnawing at 
the margin. His body is becom- 
ing thinner and thinner — soon it 
will disappear ; he will be what he 
has deserved to be from the be- 
ginning — a ghost, a nothing. 

Verily, "when, good easy man, 
he thinks full sure his greatness is 
a-ripening, there comes a frost." 





E. P. Withers. 

The socialists of New York 
lave met and denounced Henry 
George. Wonder what certain 
State newspapers will say to this. 
Denounce the socialists we sup- 
pose. . 

We notice that in New York it 
I becoming the custom at fashion- 
ible marriages to admit no one to 
:he church unless in full dress. 
Another indication of society's 

Lord Lonsdale's opera company 
las gone, not being supported by 
:he decent people of this country, 
[f New Yorkers had tied " my 
ord" and Miss Cameron together 
ind then attached an hundred ton 
veight to them and pitched them 
nto East river, it would have 
>een just the thing. 

The expressions " he's from one 
)f the best families in the State" 
s much more common in North 
Carolina than he's an " F. F. V." 
n Virginia. Both expressions are 
:qually contemptible, for they 
ndicate that we have snobs and 
■nobbery in our midst, and still 
vorse, fools who are trying to 
nake capital out of their family 

The citizens of Richmond are 

said to be much mortified at Mrs. 
Cleveland's not coming to their 
fair after accepting their invita- 
tion and then going to Boston 
without one. This is utterly 
ridiculous. Mrs. Cleveland's visit 
would have conferred no honor 
whatever upon Richmond, and if 
the assigned reason for her not 
coming is the true one, the inci- 
dent ought to be treated with the 
contempt it deserves. 

Died. — At 4 a. m., Nov. 26th, 
Robert Ernest Copeland depart- 
ed this life. His death was not 
unexpected. Mental overwork 
and Grave(s) troubles had under- 
mined his constitution, and while 
his friends had hopes, still they 
were prepared for the worst, and 
to them we tender our heartfelt 
sympathies. To his memory we 
drop a tear. Requiescat in pace. 

The editors intend having a 
new feature in the MAGAZINE if 
possible, viz : pieces by our alumni, 
reminiscences of the past, interest- 
ing incidents of our college in the 
olden time, and anything that will 
prove of interest to our readers. 
We hope to improve the Maga- 
zine in many ways, and ask that 
our fellow students sustain us. 
Gentlemen, will you not do so? 



An Explanation. 

In the October number of the 
Magazine we published an edito- 
rial warmly approving the theories 
of Mr. Henry George. We failed 
to state in this article that we re- 
ferred mainly to his theories on 
the Labor Question. We were 
severely criticised and a certain 
newspaper said that we must be 
an " iconoclast" to hold the views 
maintained by Mr. George in re- 
gard to the proprietorship of 
land. We confess that we are not 
sufficiently acquainted with Mr. 
George's land theory to form a 
perfectly intelligent opinion con- 
cerning it, and we immediately 
wrote to Mr. George for an article 
for publication in the MAGAZINE. 
In reply we received the follow- 
ing : 

"New York, Nov. 16th, 1886. 

My Dear Sir : — It is utterly im- 
possible for me to write anything 
for you, but you are at liberty to 
publish anything of mine already 
printed, provided you give credit 
for it. 

Yours truly, 

Henry George. 
Eugene P. Withers, Esq. 

University North Carolina." 

This article, we wish every one 
to distinctly understand, is an ex- 
planation and not an apology. 
We apologize to no man for our 
opinions, and with all due respect 
to our critics, we beg leave to re- 

mark, that their criticism ha s !f 
made no sensible impression npon 
us. We still believe that Henry 
George's principles will bring us 
nearer to that perfect political 
and social status of government 
that philosophers and statesmen 
of all ages have dreamed of and 
hoped for than those of any other 
living man, and while not infalli 
ble in his theories — and this is not 
strange, for never yet has there 
been a perfect man- — Henry- 
George comes nearer expo'undingi 
a perfect system of political econo-i 
my than either his predecessors or 
cotemporaries. We admire Henry- 
George for the greatness of his 
intellect, the skill of his dialectics 
and the elegance of his rhetoric 
for the purity of his character, 
the disinterestedness of his pur- 
pose and the nobleness of his 

The Pest. 

The following was given to us 
for publication. It's a satire and 
is a dandy thing. But we wish, 
every one to know that we are not 
responsible, and if there's to be 
any challenges, affairs of honor, 
or duels before day-break that we 
are out. — Ed. 

Of all the pests in town or out, 

The pest is " Cope" without a doubt. 

This young man "Cope" in his own esti-. 

Is the biggest man in the Lord's creation. 



/hen asked a question, he opens his eyes 
nd attempts to appear exceedingly wise. 

'his man Mr. " Cope" is so infernally lazy 
f he don't get to work I am sure he'll go 

crazy ; 
s a blackguard and hacker he has no 

s you will see in the following sequel. 

[e walks the streets in a dignified way 
s much as to say "get out of my way" 
or I am the Lord of all I survey." 

o wonder he scares the Fresh 
nd causes their eyes to tear 
Dphs, Juniors and Senoirs too. 
re seized with sudden fear, 
/hen they see " Copey" drawing near. 

an any one tell what " Copey" can be ? 
[e isn't a Fresh or a Soph I'm sure 
nd he can't be a Junior, — Let me see, 

Let me see, 
'ot a Senior, though he's'dignified enough 

all will agree, 
ureka ! I have found it ! a " half-year" 

is he. 

Z. M. L. 

The Labor Question. 

n each day's paper some new 
n of the great struggle between 
pital and Labor appears. Some 
V incident, telling, perhaps, of 
content and murmurings at 
:>ng, of complaints and mutter- 
s of the poor, of strikes and 
rurbances, mobs, riots, and of- 
death. And each day the 
:ontent and trouble grows 
ater and greater, each day Cap- 

ital is more and more denounced 
and Labor becomes more and 
more united and better organized, 
and each day both Capital and 
Labor become more and more 
antagonistic to each other. 

Are there just grounds for com- 
plaint on the part of Labor? Is 
there no remedy for this growing 
antagonism between these two 
great forces, each of which with- 
out the other is useless ? And are 
there no means by which their dif- 
ferences can be adjusted, that they 
may harmoniously work together 
for the promotion of their own 
and their country's good ? The 
learned political economists of the 
day advance each their own opin- 
ion as to what the remedy is, but 
it is our intention to try and find 
out, not what the remedy is, but 
whether the complaints of the 
laboring men are just or unjust. 
We can adopt only one way of 
ascertaining this, namely : by com- 
paring the profits of Capital with 
the wages of Labor, and thus to 
see whether they are equally pro- 
portioned and justly divided. By 
this we mean that if a manufac- 
turing company makes large 
profits and pays small wages, the 
complaints of its employees are 
just ; they have a right to demand 
higher wages, and if their demands 
are not granted, to strike and thus 
enfore them. If wages and profits 
are proportionate, they have no 
grounds for complaints, and if the 



profits are small and wages high, 
the capitalist has a right to de- 
mand that they be lowered. 

We first make the comparison 
by the profits made and wages 
paid by the great railroad corpor- 
ations throughout the country, 
and we subjoin a table which 
shows it briefly and concisely : 





•JffUOffl U3$ 


O r^o 


sSvxa y 

















-3- I-» 




























-J- CO 














■>•» K 





Jb -~ 

O O 

in co 








r-» r^o 


















O 00 










tj- r^ t^ <n 



c> 00 







V ' 

.2 CJ 



?5r = 


But we must remember that 
under "Laborers" is embraced 

presidents, vice-presidents, supei 
intendents, division masters, prj 
vate clerks, &c, who are really no 
laborers at all. The presidents d 
the B. & O., Philadelphia & Read 
ing, and (we think) the Pennsy 
vania, get $50,000 per year fc 
their services, their vice-president 
get $25,000, and some of the$ 
roads have three, and their mine 
officers all get good salaries, an 
their attorneys come in for the 
fees likewise under the head c 
" Laborers." When these dedui 
tions are made, the average salar 
per month of the true laborers 
very much lessened. At this rat 
the Pennsylvania road makes 12 
per cent, every year on its capit< 
invested, and every eight yeat 
earns its capital back. The Hui 
son River (Vanderbilt's) road earr 
its capital back in less than nin 
years, and the Baltimore & Ohio! 
profits each year are 19,4 cents c 
the dollar invested, and every fi\ 
years makes its invested capita 
How about the laborers ? The 
salaries hardly average $40 pi 
month, and no man can support 
a family decently on any sue 
wages as these. No man C3 
clothe himself and family, ed 
cate his children and give them 
comfortable home on $40 p 
month, in addition to furnishir 
the necessaries of life. His is 
ceaseless struggle for existenc* 
in him the hopes and ambitioi 
of our kind are crushed in h 



•ly manhood when he sees that 
life must be one long, endless 
:tle against poverty, and at last 
comes to regard himself a slave 
jject to a master's call, 
rhe roads we have selected are 
t fair examples. This is the 
;e all over the country, and this- 
:at invention, which should 
meliorate and better the condi- 
n of mankind, is perverted into 
means of oppression for the 
Dple, and on the other hand 
ates immense monopolies, ag- 
iindizes power and wealth in the 
ids of a few, and gives these 
)sen few a power to corrupt 
islation, influence the govern- 
inland oppress labor. It would 
rdly be fair, however, to judge 
j condition of the laboring men 
rover the country by the condi- 
)| of those employed by the 
• roads, for people have come to 
■k upon a railroad corporation 
ll monopoly, and will not be 
iprised to know that men em- 

692,595 tons, valued at (capital- 
ists' valuation again) $42,116,500. 
Pennsylvania capitalists paid their 
employees $26.67 per month, or 
79 cents per ton, to mine this coal, 
and out of this salary the em- 
ployees have to pay $5 per month 
house rent and buy from the 
company's stores all the powder, 
oil and cotton they burn, besides 
paying for the repairing of tools, 
and last and most shameful, they 
have to pay for the coal they 
themselves use. At one time the 
mining companies charged such 
exorbitant prices for their tools 
and provisions that special laws 
were enacted so as to enforce the 
companies to charge no more for 
these goods than other houses. 
Oh, but, people say, why didn't 
the miners buy their goods else- 
where ? For the simple reason 
that they' were discharged if they 
did, that's all. 

In the whole country in 1880, 
70,400,000 tons of coal (of all sorts) 
lyed by railroads are half paid \ valued at $94,500,000, were mined, 
jl overworked. But people — j and 171,000 men were employed 
;t is, many of them — will be to do this, and were paid on an 
liprised to know that working- j average $26.95 per month. And 
::i fare better with railroads j these 171,000 men were day after 
)in with any other of the great day in imminent clanger of being 
rporations of the country. Let ; mashed into a jelly or blown into 
/examine the mining statistics, atoms, and it is no infrequent 
[Pennsylvania alone there were thing to read of several hundred 
ed of bituminous coal 18,075,- miners being sent into eternity in 
ii tons, valued at (capitalists' val- one awful moment. What be- 
:ion and of course low) $18,267,- comes of their families then? 
, and of anthracite coal 28,- ■ They are turned from their home, 



poor though it may be, still it's 
their home, because they are una- 
ble to pay their rent. The next 
thing that is heard from them is 
that the mother is dead, the chil- 
dren have to resort to stealing to 
live, and are now filling a peniten- 
tiary's cells. Still there is no 
change ! But there will be ! Ven- 
geance is sweet, and its day shall 

In October, three men, repre- 
senting $300,000,000 of capital, 
met in the Fifth Avenue Hotel in 
New York City, and resolved to 
raise the price of coal so much 
per ton, and to reduce the out- 
put so many tons. It was done. 
Nothing was said about wages 
nor about the men who would be 
thrown out of employment by 
the reduction in the output. There 
seems to be no legal means of 
reaching their), for, notwithstand- 
ing the fact that Governor Patti- 
son, of Pennsylvania, ordered 
Attorney-General Cassidy to crim- 
inally prosecute these men and 
their friends, nothing has been 
done. But something will be done 
by the laborers themselves, unless 
there is a change. 

Not quite fouryears since there 
was an immense strike extending 
through the whole country of the 
telegraphers. They were unsuc- 
cessful in their demand, and were 
forced to work at old rates or not 
work at all. Were their demands 
just? Let's see. The Western 

Union Company is the great te 
graphic organization of this cou 
try. It has a capital of $41,07 
410, earns a year $5,146,639.45 
thirteen cents on the dollar i 
vested, after paying all expense 
employs 10,600 men and pa 
them only $34.50 per month ai 
this average includes Preside 
Green, Superintendent Eckert ai 
the other honorary offices ai 
positions in which no manu 
labor is required. This gigant 
corporation earns its capital bai 
every eight years and pays i 
employees hardly enough to li' 
on. We think that there w| 
cause, great cause for complaii 
and enough to justify the st» 

And finally let us examine t ; 
manufacturing statistics. Let 
compare the profits of Capitj 
with the wages of Labor in t 
great industrial centres of o 
country, and see how unjust 
divided these earnings are. 

There are in the United Stat, 
all told 251,104 manufacturii 
establishments with an investi 
capital of $2,775,412,345, makil 
clear earnings per year of $1,01 
81 1,688 ; employing 2,718,805 pe 
pie and paying them $941,325,9 
or $28.82 per month on an averaj 

Can a man support a family 
$28.82 per month? Did the Cn 
tor intend when he created m 
that there should be such an u 
equal distribution of wealth a 
the necessaries of life? Did I 



;end that a few should have all 
5 power and riches of the world, 
tfle the mass of people had to 
ttle, not for comfort and Iuxu- 
s, but for existence? Is this 
;crepancy just? Can it last? 
n it be remedied ? 
It will not last and it can be 
■nedied. A mighty protest has 
ne out against it. In New 
>rk city alone 69,000 men have 
d that there must be a change, 
d this was done too in the face 
the splendidly organized co- 
rts of the Democratic and Re- 
blican parties. Without organi- 
tion, without money, without 
ything save principle and a pur- 
se, this mighty army of men 
rayed itself under the banner of 
cial and political reform. And 
e reform must come. The move- 
sn t is gaining ground with won- 
rful rapidity. In every town 
d hamlet in the United States, 
ind and Labor clubs are being 
ganized and to-day this reform 
.nner would, if unfurled in a 
ilitical campaign, wave over four 
illions of its followers. 
Other causes than poverty tend 
produce this upheaval. In 
ew York city the rich manufac- 
rer's daughter scorns the men 
10 earned her father's money as 
e would a cur. When she, in 
r magnificent Tally Ho and 
ur,?sees the working women of 
at city going to their homes 

from their places of work it never 
occurs to her that they are the 
equals of her own haughty self. 
With a sniff of contempt she 
passes by the "low factory girls" 
and does nt hear the suppressed 
malediction upon her pride. The 
railroad magnate's son never 
dreams that a working man is 
really a man. He regards them 
as creatures of a lower order, un- 
aware of the fact that a ragged 
coat may cover a noble soul and 
a tattered hat may hide a mighty 
brain. There is too much of this 
spirit of class distinction in this 
country. Not only in New York, 
which we cited as an example only 
because extremes met there and 
the contrast was more striking 
than elsewhere, but in the North, 
South, East and West ; in the 
whole country is this spirit of in- 
solent assumption prevalent. 
By what right, by what authority, 
does one class of fellow beings 
assume to themselves the prece- 
dence of being better than the 
rest of 'mankind ? It is either on 
account of a lack of brains or a 
want of kindness, charity and 
brotherly love. While this spirit of 
domineering insolence is so wide- 
spread and offensive, can we be 
surprised at men, driven to des- 
peration by poverty and oppres- 
sion, with no helping hand to give 
them courage, but rece ving sneers 
and contempt from all, applaud- 



ing and cheering the villainous 
doctrines preached in Chicago 
every Sunday afternoon? 

Could we blame laboring men, 
when they see themselves con- 
temned and despised by their em- 
ployers, as creatures beneath and 
below them, here only to do their 
bidding, call upon the commune 
to belch forth its storm of ruin 
and thus give themselves justice? 
We certainly could not. But 
there is a nobler and a better way 
to rectify their wrongs, viz : by 
the ballot, and the laboring people 
are taking this course. 

There must, there will be a 
revolution ! It will be a Revolu- 
tion based upon the broad princi- 
ples of Liberty, Equality and 

" Liberty — the full freedom of 

each bounded only by the equ 
freedom of every other!" 

"Equality — the equal right - 
each to the use of all natural o 
portunities, to the essentials 
happy, healthful, human life!" 

"Fraternity — that sympatl 
which link together those wl 
struggle in a noble cause ; th 
would live and let live; that wou 
help as well as be helped; that, 

seeking the good of all, finds tl 
highest good of each." 

By these principles shall the 
conquer ! 

We would call the attention 
all those anticipating a medic 
course to the card of Drs. Mall 
in the front part of this MAG 
ZINE. They are well qualified 
instructors, and we cordially coi 
mend them. 



College Record. 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

-==That lovely cold stove in the 
apel again. 

=The examinations began De- 
mber 6 and ended December 22. 

=" Dutchy" is to be married at 
iristmas. Woodley will be his 
:st man. 

=A slight shock of earthquake 
is felt here November 5, between 
: and I o'clock. 

= In the final examination on 
resh. Roman History, George 
owell received 100. 

=The steps leading to the read- 
g room and library have been 
^ced with a pair of banisters. 

= Examinations on Chemistry, 
onics, &c, on Mondays, are a nui- 
nce. Too much temptation to 
udy on Sunday. 

=Soph to Fresh, playing the 
litar : "You had better be care- 
1 or you won't git thar on the ' 

=The trial of the negroes, Jesse 
arris, Tom Kirby, and others, 
r the murder of Freeze, has 
;en postponed until the March 
rm of court. 

=The choir was absent on 

Thanksgiving Day. One had 
German and couldn't go, another 
had begun a very interesting ex- 
periment, and had to be excused, 
and so on. 

=The ladies of the Presbyte- 
rian Sewing Society gave an 
oyster supper not long ago for the 
benefit of their church. Every- 
thing passed off smoothly and 
about thirty dollars was realized. 

= Mr. D. J. Ezzell, an old citi- 
zen of the village, died here No- 
vember 12. He was a jeweler by 
trade. Had been suffering from 
consumption for a long while. 
Was buried at Orange church. 

= Dr. Battle gave us not long 
since a Sunday morning lecture 
on Rameses II., the oppressor of 
the Israelites, whose mummy was 
found last June, 3,400 years after 
his death, and, in a wonderfully 
preserved state. 

=The railroad schedule was 
changed recently. The train to 
meet the east-bound mail leaves 
here at the comfortable hour of 
5:30 A. M., and returns at 8:30. 
The evening train is unchanged. 
This makes the mails somewhat 
irregular, that from New York 



having to lie over in Greensboro 
nearly a whole day and night. 

[Since writing the above the 
trains have gone back to the old 

=The Temperance Associa- 
tion has elected the following 
officers for the next year : Presi- 
dent, Hayne Davis ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, D. J. Currie ; Secretary, J. 
J. Phillips. Its work has not been 
in vain, we think, but there is al- 
ways room for improvement. 

=THE Y. M. C. A. officers for 
the ensuing term are : Stephen B. 
Weeks, President; St. Clair Hes- 
ter, Vice-President ; Logan D. 
Howell, Corresponding Secretary; 
D. J. Currie, Recording Secretary; 
C. A. Webb, Treasurer. The at- 
tendance for the past term was 
large, and the members have 
generally performed the duties 
assigned them. Let them not be 
content with the progress already 
made, but reach always upward 
and onward. The special week 
of prayer during last month was 
duly observed by the Association. 

=The Class of '87 has organ- 
ized, with officers as follows: 
President, Lucius Polk McGehee, 
Raleigh ; Vice-President, Richard 
Nathan Hackett, Wilkesboro ; 
Secretary and Treasurer, Henry 
Fries Schaffner, Salem. A com- 
mittee was appointed to look after 
the commencement minister, who 
is to be a Presbyterian this year. 
They have not decided as to hav- 
ing a Class Day. 

=A Concert under the ma 
agement of the Rev. R. B. Joh 
was given in Gerrard Hall Tu( 
day evening Nov. 9th, for tl 
benefit of the new Methodi 
church. The evening was plea 
ant, the hall well heated, tl 
stage handsomely decorated wi 
autumn leaves, the young ladi 
beautiful, and the gentlemt 
handsome. The audience w 
large and well pleased. The n 
proceeds amounted to about sixi 
dollars. The managers were su 
prised and highly gratified. 'U 
give the programme : 

Part I. — Piano Solo, — Horn 
Sweet Home (Thalberg), Mi 
Harris; Vocal Solo — Let n 
Dream Again (Sullivan), Mr. V 
D. Toy ; Vocal Trio — The Rea 
ers (Clopisson), Misses Atwate 
Wilson and Harris; Piano Duo 
Martha, Misses Martin and W 
son ; Vocal Solo — Come, the Bai 
is Moving, Miss Atwater ; Voc 
Duo — Larboard Watch (W 
liams), Messrs. Morris and Smit 
Piano Solo — II Trovotore (Ho 
man), Miss Phillips; Solo an 
Chorus — White Wings (Winte 
Messrs. McDonald, Morris an| 
Smith ; Vocal Solo — Maggie Da 
row's Welcome (Winter) Mrs. Ta 

Part II. — Vocal Duo — Fishe 
man (Gabussi), Miss Kerr an 
Mr. Atkinson; Piano Solo— M" 

Phillips ; Vocal Duo — Huntresse: 
Mrs. Tankersley and Miss A 
water ; Piano Solo — Rigolett 




Jszt), Miss Harris; Vocal Solo- 
Es Kerr ; D. K. E. March, Miss. 
Woodward ; Vocal Duo — "When 
Know that Thou Art Near Me ". 
Ibt), Messrs. Atkinson and Toy ; 
peal Solo — " I am a Merry Zin- 
ira " (Balfe), Miss Atwater; 
ocal Quartette — " The Three 
Wafers " (Truhn), Messrs. Atkin- 
m, Toy, Morris and Smith. 
= Prof. J. W. Gore and Dr. 
hos. Hume, Jr., attended the 
Dnvention of the Baptists of 
orth Carolina, which met not 
ng since in Wilmington. They 
port a well attended and pros- 
:rous meeting. Dr. Hume made 
veral addresses, one, on the 
oral side of education showing 
fat while a man needs a special 
■ligious training in college, he 
so needs to go into a wider field 
here he may meet other beliefs 
id doctrines on the same foot- 
g. The denominational col- 
ges and the University are not 
opposition but are working to- 
other for good. Prof. Gore was 
scted the second Vice-President 
r the coming year. 

=Thanksgiving was celebrated 

an appropriate manner. A 

lion service was held in the 

iapel, the ministers of the vil- 

*e participating. The exercises 

;re opened with prayer by Rev. 

R. Hall; Rev. R. B. John then 

id Psalms 103; Rev. W. M. Clark 

eached on the subject of a sanc- 

|ied memory, our duty to devote 

to God, to remember all His 


benefits, and that it is He alone 
who leads us in the right way, 
and our constant tendency to for- 
get him. Dr. Hume then closed 
the meeting with prayer. The day 
was very unpleasant and the ex- 
aminations were near at hand. 
These causes reduced the number 
of worshippers. There was a meet- 
ing at the Episcopal church also. 

=At the Mitchell Scienti- 
fic SOCIETY for November the 
following papers were read : 

1. On Universal or Cosmic Time, 
James Lee Love. 

2. Description of a New Lamp 
for Laboratory Use, F. P. Venable. 

3. A list of Minerals contain- 
ing Phosphoric Acid, W. B. Phil- 

4. The Position of Marshes on 
Coast of New Jersy, J. A. Holmes. 

5. On the Recession of Niagara 
Falls, J. A. Holmes. 

=Willoughby Reade, the elocu- 
tionist, paid us a visit not long 
since. He gets around about 
once in two years and is usually 
greeted by a large aud'ience. His 
fort is comedy and some of his 
recitations were fitted to make 
one almost burst with laughing. 
Among his comic pieces were : 
Artemus Ward's First Interview 
with Mark Twain ; An Interest- 
ing Traveling Companion ; Sure 
cure for Stammering, and an ac- 
count of a Frenchman trying to 
speak English. Among the serious 
ones was Aldrich's Garnart Hall 



and How They Brought the Good 
news from Ghent. He also ren- 
dered the Raven after explaining 
what its hidden meaning seemed 
to be — the longing of a sorrow- 
laden soul for something higher 
and nobler than the things of 
earth. Mr. Reade is an English- 
man by birth and was reared in 
London. He came to America 
some twelve years ago and during 
that time has given three thou- 
sand entertainments, is widely 
and favorably known all over the 
United States and has the high- 
est testimonials from such speak- 
ers as Rev. J. B. Hawthorne, D. 
D., Hon. J. L. M. Curry, United 
States Minister to Spain and 
Hon. John W. Daniel. 

=The Library has been orna- 
mented with a number of pictures 
They make a pleasing appear- 
ance and break the monot- 
ony of ' bare posts and alcove 
ends. Dr. Battle furnished some, 
removing them from his office. 
There are now there large photo- 
graphs of Chief Justice Ruffin 
and of VV. C. Kerr, Ph. D. ; 
steel portraits of Dr. Elisha 
Mitchell, Gov. Swain, and Chief 
Justice Pearson ; a small colored 
picture of Samuel Johnston, who 
was chairman of the Financial 
Council and first acting Governor 
of free North Carolina ; a small 
oil portrait of Henry Clay ; life 
size crayon portraits of Rev. C. 
F. Deems, LL. D., and of John 

Hill Wheeler, the historian of th 
State ; a life size oil portrait < 
Gov. Jonathan Worth, which w; 
presented to the University 
1883 by his grand-sons Jonatha 
Worth, Jonathan Worth Jacl 
son, Herbert Worth Jackso 
William Worth Roberts an 
Worth Bagley ; a view of Mite 
ell's Falls where the explorer lo 
his life ; a fine view of the O 
West Building from the nort 
west. A curious looking thii 
strikes your eye as you enter ai] 
on examination proves to be 
fac-simiJe of the Great Seal of tl 
Lords Proprietors of the Provin 
of Carolina. This copy is take 
from a wax impression of the se 
now in the Public Record Offic 
London. The autographs of ti 
Proprietors, Clarendon, Alb 
marie, Craven, Will, Berkele 
Ashley, Carteret, John Berkel< 
and Jno. Colleton are also give 

=The Shakespeare Club 
growing in members, and wi 
them grows the interest in t 
work. Its friends express the 
selves as highly pleased with tj 
first two meetings. President B 
tie was made the first honorat 
member. Prof. Eben Alexand 
M. H. Palmer and Frank M. Pj 
ker, Jr., increase the numb 
of active ones. At the first me< 
ing the character of Hotspur, 
brought out in First Henry F 
was discussed. 

Grissom — Hotspur was a bn 



jart ; an enemy to his country 
md a traitor to the king. 

Prof. Toy — Defends Hotspur. 
Freedom from superstition in age 
subject to it, argues a strong char- 

Weeks — Favorable view. 

Dr. Hume — He was like the true 
Southern gentleman — imagina- 
:ive, bold, fiery, ambitious. Ad- 
nires bravery and is a generous 
: oe. 

Simmons — His frankness to the 

Dr. Battle — Takes unfavorable 
iriew. Traitor to Richard II. and 
to Henry IV. No superstition, 
in his time, meant no religion. 
Respected not laws of God or 

: Me A lister — High regard for 
truth and contempt for sham is 
evident and commendable. 

Parker — War with Hotspur a 
profession. He seeks and gains 

Burwell — Hotspur commended 
by sternness, Prince Hal by love. 
The latter the better leader. 

Prof. Toy — Notes " goodman " 
in the sense of simple. Use of 
I to go " meaning to walk. 

Dr. Hume — Notes familiar quo- 
tations, use of Ethical Dative and 
Shakespeare's close observation of 

At the next meeting, " The 
Merry Wives of Windsor " was 

Prof. Winston — Not good com- 

edy; more of a horse-play. Char- 
acters same as in other plays of 
Henry IV. and Henry V. 

Grissom — Good comedy, but by 
no means the same Falstaff, and 
not so intended by the author. 

Baker — Ford's jealousy well 

Prof. Toy — Defends Mrs. Ford's 
character ; was teaching her hus- 

Simmons — Play shows an author 
of genius. 

The question of Falstaff in 
clothes-basket, and also in wo- 
man's gown, was humorously dis- 
cussed by various members. 

Subject for discussion at the 
first meeting in January, " King 
Lear." The following lines of 
thought are suggested by the 
President : — 

1. Sources of play. 

2. Why introduce the sub-plot 
of Gloster and sons. 

3. Reason for the comic ele- 

4. Attempted alterations for 
popular taste. 

5. French version of the play. 

6. Different characters. 

7. Rendering of fine passages. 
This is a very valuable subject, 

and it is hoped all members will 
prepare themselves well on it dur- 
ing the holidays. 

= Prof. F. P. Venable, Ph. D., 
delivered the University Lecture 

i 5 6 


for November. His subject was : 
"The Growth of an Industry." 

An accident led to the discov- 
ery of glass. Pliny says that one 
time on the coast of Palestine, 
near the mouth of the river Belus, 
some Phoenicians used blocks of 
natron (soda) to support their pots 
while cooking, and after the fire 
had cooled down a dingy silicious 
mass was found. This was the 
first glass known to the world. 
Modern vandalism has upset this 
beautiful story by proving that 
the fire could not have been hot 
enough to melt the sand. Jose- 
phus claims the honor of this dis- 
covery for the Jews. 

The first glass was of the nature 
of furnace slag, and could hardly 
be told from it ; its quality was 
gradually raised, but it was not 
transparent tor many centuries. 
The Egyptians were the first to 
■show much skill in glass-making, 
and they reached no mean degree. 
The oldest piece in existence is a 
small lion's head of blue glass, 
and it dates back to 2400 B. C. 
The next is a . small bead found 
at Thebes, and coming from 1500 
B. C. The prevailing color was a 
dark blue. It was used as an 
ornament. Alexandria was the 
seat of the industry. In later 
years Sidon became a dangerous 
rival. Beads were made for trad- 
ing with the tribes of South Af- 
rica, and some of these old Phoe- 
nician beads are still preserved as 

sacred heirlooms by the savag* 
descendants of the original pur 

With the fall of Egypt the i 
dustry was transferred to Rom 
and soon came to be of much im 
portance. Many fragments of Roj 
man glass have been found alom 
their walls in England and unde 
the walls of their old camps h 
France and Germany. It vva 
used for bottles, funereal urns 
columns for buildings, cups anc 
dishes, and the common kind wa: 
very cheap. Colored glass wa 
much esteemed, and for a whih 
supplanted silver and gold as ar 
ornament. They learned to en 
amel very skillfully, and producec 
the celebrated Portland vase,whicr 
for a long time defied all attempts 
at imitation. Their methods o 
manufacture were very much like 
ours, but our glass is of a bettei 
quality, as it has no air bubbles 
and like impurities. 

Constantine carried the art with 
him to Byzantium. The old knac 
and skill in making was graduall 
lost, it became very costly, and fo^ 
five hundred years Byzantium 
supplied the world. 

The Crusaders found glass in 
the East, and brought the art to 
Venice at the close of the thir- 
teenth century. It payed them 
well, and they enacted stringent 
laws against any workman who 
should betray the mystery of its! 
making. But it leaked out, never- 



theiess, and factories were estab- 
lished in England, Germany and 
Bohemia, the latter country soon 
oecoming the rival'of Venice. At 
first only noblemen could manu- 
facture it, and those working in 
glass were considered the noblest 
of all artisans. It was not used 
for windows until a comparatively 
late period. 

Capt. Newport established the 
first factory in America near 

Jamestown, in 1608. The Lon- 
don company then sent over Ger- 
mans and Poles to make " tar, 
pitch, glass, and soap ashes." This 
was probably the first factory of 
any kind in America. It made 
only bottles, and was destroyed 
during the Massacre of 1622. The 
next mention of glass is at Alex- 
andria, nearly two hundred years 

Personal Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 

—We learn that P. B. Cox, 
:lass '86, has a position as Secre- 
;ary of Civil Service with a hand- 
some salary. 

— Barnes Hill, class '85, spent a 
r ew days with us not long since. 

— Don. Gilliam, class 'jj, was 
named a short time ago, so we 

— Mrs. Dr. Hume has just re- 
:urned from a prolonged visit to 
"elatives in Virginia, and Dr. 
Hume will occupy the Swain 

— A. W. Allen, class '82, now 
practising law in Oxford, ran for 
freasurer of his county in the 

late election and was ^defeated, 
his county having gone Republi- 
can. He is disgusted with poli- 
tics, but is making a success at 

— W. G. Randall, class '84, be- 
ing the first member of his class 
who married, is now studying art 
at the School of Design, N. Y. 
He was advanced to the highest 
class in a few months, an advance- 
ment which takes commonly two 
years to obtain. 

— Examinations are getting un- 
comfortably near. The Freshman 
is becoming doubtful about the 
fact that he knows everything. 

i 5 8 


The Sophs are asking all sorts of 
improbable and unanswerable 
questions about " Trig." exami- 
nation. The Juniors are persever- 
ingly collecting old examination 
papers. The Senoir is dignified, 
with the least bit of nervousness. 
. — Prof. H. talking to a small 
class of his — "he knows a great 
many people I know and so we 
soon came to an entente cor dialed 
Class stare at him in open-mouth- 
ed wonder. Finally Father W. 
breaks the disagreeable silence, 
" Cordiale means something to 
drink, doesn't it?" 

— We have before us a card 
headed with J. F. West followed 
by the complimentary phrase At- 
torney at Law and Notary Public. 
Jesse Felix graduated here in '85, 
studied Law at University of Vir- 
ginia and is now to practise at his 
old home, Waverly, Va. We wish 
him success. 

— Some one wants to know if 
being a member of the Shakespeare 
Club will insure one's success on 
the English examination. We 
answer no more than being a 
member of college insures one of 

— Here is a conversation that is 
reported to have taken place be- 
tween a Sophmore and his sweet- 
heart. He was spending the vaca- 
tion at home and came around to 
tell her good-bye. Finally he I 
plucked up courage to say : "I 

don't reckon I can write to yo 
next session." She looked up i 
innocent, girlish surprise . an 
asked: "Why?" He: "Wei 
I'll — I'll just tell you how it i 
I've got to take conies next se 
sion and I won't have time t 
write. I — I hope you won't thin 
anything of it, for you know 
want to write." 

— C. T. Grandy, class '86, wh 
has been teaching in Elizabet 
City, has accepted a position o 
The Florida Sentinel, published z 
Orlando, Fla., by an old Univei 
sity boy L. C. Vaughan, class '8c 
Grandy carries with him to th 
" Land of Flowers" the well-wishe 
of many friends. 

— Another card bearing the ir 
scription N. F. Heitman, Attoi 
ney-at-law, Kansas city, Mo., i 
before us. He graduated here i 
'83 (?) taking the Mangum Medal 

— Prof, of Psychology : " Mr 
M., how do you know you've got 
mind"? Mr. M., doubtfully: 
don't know, Prof." 

—A. M. Rankin, a member o\ 
the class of '83, who is now rising 
to prominence in Cheraw, S. C. 
has taken unto himself a wife 
being impressed, we suppose, witl 
the truth that a man of promi 
nence should be the head of 

— We have hitherto failed tc 
notice the marriage of Livingstoi 
Vann, a member of the class o 



85, to Miss Josie Miller, of Madi- 
on, Fla., which took place last 
fune. So far as we can learn he 
s the first member of the class 
:hat has married. 
— And nearer home still "there 

comes a sound of marriage bells." 
Braxton Craig is soon to lead a 
fair inhabitant of Chapel Hill to 
the altar. We tender our con- 

Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery. 

It is a time-honored custom, 
ladies and gentlemen of the Ex- 
change World, that the last two 
or three weeks of each term of a 
collegiate year is celebrated by 
many colleges of our land with 
pleasant gatherings of each class 
for the purpose of being exam- 
ined upon the work done during 
that term. It is a time-honored 
custom, we say. The time for ours 
is now upon us, and in view of 
this fact, we must ask you to 
overlook all short-comings. Be 
kind, be generous ! And you — 
whoever you may be, that scan 
these pages — we ask your forbear- 
ance ; the forbearance of a kind 
and generous and, we hope, in this 
case a sympathizing reader. So 
far we have tried to serve you 
faithfully. Our attempts have 
been feeble, we know, but no one 

dare say they have not been hon- 
est. As we have said, the regular 
semi-annual festival occasion is 
upon us. We have always been 
opposed to such a custom, and we 
are conscientious in such an opin- 
ion. But when we see others en- 
tering into the spirit of the occa- 
sion ; when we know that our 
sheep-skin depends in a great 
measure upon the part we take in 
the matter, we always exclaim, 
" Why stand we here idle?" 

With this explanation, ladies 
and gentlemen, the case is before 


-x- ;< * 

The University Magazine 
sends greeting and a hearty grip 
to all the " brothering," and a kiss 
to as many of the " sistering " as 
are pretty and not too great a dis- 
tance from " sweet sixteen " — we 



don't like to kiss old maids. We 
wish you a Merry Xmas and a 
happy New Year. Ladies and 
gentlemen, we bow ! 


It is said that the Vassar girls 

are so modest that they actually 
turn their heads when they pass a 
clothes-rope, even after the clothes 
have been pulled down. Girls are 
queer animals, to say the least. 
After several years of study, we 
confess we know very little about 
them. It is difficult to understand 
such creatures. You can't keep 
up with them. Some of them are 
like fleas : you can't put your 
hand on them. 

Now, girls, we say this in all 
earnestness, as one who loves you 
with all his heart. We admit if 
we had not " swore off " long ago 
we would not be so independent. 
You see how it is, myself. But, my 
dear girls, we intend no reflec- 
tions — none whatever. 

What has become of our old 
friend, The Oak Leaf? It failed 
to make its appearance last 
month. We hope it has not 
dropped us from its list of ex- 
changes. We greet with pleasure 
always this good-natured, jovial 
friend of ours, and shall regret 
exceedingly if it does not call 
again. We can't understand why 
it did not make its regular month- 
ly visit in October. Heretofore 
it has always been on time. 

There is only one explanatic 
we can give in regard to this, 
the September issue there we 
some very war-like declaration 
and we would not be at all su 
prised to find that the editor h; 
gone Cutting down to Mexico ar 
thrashed out that people. If th 
be true, then we wager a five th; 
he is now at the seat of troubl 
forcing upon those people ov< 
there a solution of the Europea 
problem. They dare not refu 
to accept his solution as fina 
Otherwise there will be trouble i 
the land. Terrible will be tl 
day thereof ; for there will bj 
weeping and wailing and gnashin 
of teeth. Nations and empire 
will tremble to their centre, 
this does happen, our skirts wi 
be clear. In our September nurrl 
ber we besought and implored hir 
and tried to reason with him. Bu 
it seems that " the prayers of th 
wicked availeth little." Oh, ho 
such is life! We almost despaii 
so straight is our path and narrov 
is our way. Give us the camphor 
* * 

Professor Fasolt has been joined by hi 
family and resides in the opposite end a 
town. What will we do if another earthf 
quake should come! — College Messenger. 

Send for us. ladies. We will 
be glad to give you any assistance 
we can. Our sympathies are alj 
ways aroused when we see any oi 
the fair sex in trouble. Much 
more so will they be aroused in 



:our case, since there is a proba- 
bility of your showing your ap- 
ireciation by clinging to us as you 

id to Prof. Fasolt after the last 

We are at your services. You 

ave only to command us. 

* * 

To the many compliments that 
ave been paid The Richmond Col- 
*>ge Messenger, we give our hearty 
"ssent, Of the many exchanges 
;ihat come to our office, it is 
mong the best. 


The success of The Aegis, from 
:ie University of Wisconsin, is 
bmething wonderful. Within a 
; ery short while it has won its 
'■ay to a position among the first 
iterary magazines of our country, 
its success, undoubtedly, has been 
i surprise even to the most san- 
uine of its surporters. It is 
corthy of success. 

The Berkleyan, from the Uni- 
ersity of California, contains 
'ome right good reading in its. 
everal departments. But we re- 
ret exceedingly — we deprecate — 
he political tendencies of its edi- 
orial criticisms. We appreciate 
•:s worth, and give it credit for all 
he encouragement it affords the 
irue workers in the literary world, 
ly brother, don't besmirch your 
olumns with the mud and dirt 
f our latter-day politics. Keep 
lean ! 

The last issue of the Niagara 
Index reminds us of the "last rose 
of summer," 

" When the leaves begin to turn, 

And the Summer days have passed." 

Its editors, though, are proba- 
bly very much carried away with 
the privilege of having on exhibi- 
tion in its exchange department 
that wonderful fossil that has been 
recently discovered, and which is 
now exciting the scientific world. 

By the way, we are not yet able 
to fulfill our promise, made in the 
last issue, about giving the re- 
sults arrived at by a close exam- 
ination of this strange thing. In 
fact, no classification has yet been 
made. No effort will be lacking 
in arriving at a correct conclusion, 
as a great deal in the scientific 
world depends upon the results of 
this investigation. 

The Davidson Monthly makes 
an excellent beginning. If we 
are to judge of its future career 
by its first issue, we predict for it 
much success and a life of useful- 

* * 

Our genial friend, the South 
Carolina Collegian, has reached us 
on its November visit. We are 
glad to see and always give it a 
royal reception. It is indeed very 
readable, and is, in every respect, 
a worthy representative of the 
leading college of our sister Caro- 

1 62 


Many thanks for what that 
sweet little journal, from the "gals" 
of Greensboro Female College, 
says of us : 

" The University Magazine is handsome- 
ly gotten up and is filled with interesting 
and instructive matter. Some of its pages 
are sparkling with healthy fun, too. Its 
wrapper never remains unbroken, and it is 
not thrown in our waste basket, as is the fate 
of a few of our exchanges. " You tickle me 
and I'll tickle you." 

All right ! We take you up on 
your own terms. We were always 
fond of tickling girls anyway. 
Remember now it's our next 
tickle. We'll have a jim dandy 
time tickling each other. You 
mustn't run now, before we begin 
to tickle. 

* .. * 

The Virginia University Maga- 
zine occupies a very high place 
among the college journals of our 
day. It contains very readable 
articles and deserves the earnest 
support of all friends of that Uni- 

The Wake Forest Student is not 
sustaining its old " rep" for regu- 
larity. It has come to us very 
irregularly this fall. It is a very 
excellent journal with a staff of 
very able editors and we will glad- 
ly welcome it more often. 


Frank Leslie's Illustrated Al- 
manac for 1887 is before us. It is 
a handsome quarto of 64 pages, 
and costs twenty-five cents. Mrs. 

Frank Leslie publisher, 55 and 5 
Park Place, N. Y. In it we noth 
four fine colored plates entitle 
" One Teaspoonful Three Times 
Day," " Flora," " See-Saw" ar 
the " Fisherman's Love." It r 
produces the fine representatiot 
of the four seasons by the Ru 
sian artist Broja. Has portrai 
and short sketches of King Lu 
wig II. of Bavaria, John B. Goug 
Samuel J. Tilden, Cardinal Gi 
bons, the Abbe Liszt, and Rams<j 
II., King of Egypt and oppos 
of rhe Israelites, besides a larg 
number of pictures on varioi 
other topics of the day. Tl 
matter is exceedingly varied an 
the illustrations well executed 

The Phrenological Journal at 
Science of Health for Octobe 
contains a lengthy and highly ii 
teresting article relating to Phi 
lips Brooks, D. D. ; a portrai 
which is also a likeness, accomp 
nies it. Number 10 of " Famili; 
Talks with Young People," wi 
enlist many new recruits into th 
army of students of Phrenolog 
Kate Greenaway's genial fac 
looks out from the Journal an 
inspires in one a belief in hq 
abilities if there were no tangibl 
proof of them ; the sketch of hq 
life and works will be enjoyabl 
read. All lovers of that nobl 
animal, the horse, will be inte 
ested in " Brain Power in th 
Horse." Nervously afflicted ladie 



lould read Eleanor Kirk's curi- 
as but o'ertrue tale " Wanted to 
wear." The editorials are crisp, 
reezy and invigorating. The' 
ueries of many correspondents 
re answered with the usual pains- 
iking kindliness. It is not strange 
iat the old /ourna/Wves, breathes 
ad has useful being after all 
lese years. It is so temperate, 
> harmonious and so kindly that 
must be long-lived. $2.00 per 
ear, 20 cts. per number. As an 
lducement to subscribe now, it is 
ffered three months free to new 
jbscribers for 1887 or " On Trial" 
aree months for 25 cents. Ad- 
ress, Fowler & Wells Co., Pub- 
shers, 753 Broadway, N. Y. 

The Brooklyn Magazine. Full 
f those bright and readable ar- 
ieles that make up a popular 
lagazine, the November Brook- 
m Magazine is eminently inter- 
sting and entertaining. Mr. Wil- 
am H. Rideing's second gossipy 
aper on " The Royal Navy of 
rreat Britain," serves as the open- 
*ig attraction, and gives us a clear 
iea of what it costs to maintain 
England's navy. Hon. Seth Low's 
ame appears for the first time in 

magazine to a well-written ar- 
icle giving some very bright and 
iungent observations on " The 
rish Home Rule Controversy," 
escribing Mr. Gladstone as he 
ppeared on the floor of the 

House of Commons, and analyz- 
ing the general question in a high- 
ly intelligent manner. Anna 
Katharine Green, author of "The 
Leavenworth Case," shows that 
she h?s striking poetical talents, 
in a lengthy poem, "In the King's 
Cabinet." Mrs. Flora Adams 
Darling adds three chapters to 
her novel of Washington life, "A 
Social Diplomat," in which a 
glimpse of Washington society is 
given in a dexterous manner. 
" Ranch Life in California" is des- 
cribed by Mrs. M. J. Gorton in a 
graphic style, and a pretty, short 
story of the war, entitled " Edith 
Warner," is cleverly told by 
George E. Walsh. The poetry of 
the number is especially good- 
Mrs. Beecher's last letter from 
England takes us with her famous 
husband on his lecturing tour 
through England, Scotland, Ire- 
land, and Wales. Other articles 
deal with " Marriage Customs in 
Turkey," " Heroines of Theatri- 
cal Scandal," " Modern Shams in 
Society," " In a Dutch Prison," 
" What Girls Should Read," in 
addition to which are given the 
farewell sermons of Henry Ward 
Beecher in England, and four ser- 
mons by T. De Witt Talmage, all 
authorized and revised by the 
preachers themselves. This Maga- 
zine costs only 20 cents per single 
number. 7 Murray Street, N. Y. 





— Dakota has given birth to five 
colleges during the past year. 

— Students at Harvard have 
now a choice among 189 courses. 

— Ten thousand public schools 
receive financial support from the 
Mexican government. 

— Sam Jones proposes to get up 
a college at Cartersville, Ga. He 
has received $10,000 in further- 
ance of the scheme. 

— Mr. Blaine recently addressed 
the students of Washington and 
Jefferson college, his Alma Mater. 

— Yale increases her library an- 
nually at the rate of one thousand 
volumes. Columbia has added 
twenty thousand volumes in the 
past two years. 

— Besides the already excellent 
facilities of Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, that institution is to have 
an excellent physical library and 
observatory estimated at a cost of 

— The Case School of Applied 
Science at Cleveland, O., recently 
had its Science Hall totally de- 
stroyed by fire. The estimated loss 
is $200,000, and includes museums 
and cabinets of great value. The 
insurance was only $75,000. 

— Andrew D. White, ex-Pre 
dent of Cornell, while in Euror 
collected many rare books ai 
prints, together with some vah 
ble historical papers, relating 
the French Revolution, of whi 
he has made a special study. 

— At Harvard the follown 
rules have been adopted concer 
ing the drawing of books :- 

"All members of the University are erJ 
tied to register as borrowers on the preseni 
tion of the Bursar's certificate. Three x\ 
umes can be taken at a time, and may 
kept one month and renewed, if not in 
mand. Any person keeping books beyo 
the prescribed time is subject to a fine! 
ten cents a day for each volume. Books 
served by officers of instruction, and unbou 
periodicals, are in open alcoves in the res 
ing-room, and can be taken out at the ck 
of library hours, when properly charged 
the delivery desk and must be returned tl 
next morning at 9 o'clock. Encyclopedj 
and other books in the delivery room may 
taken out under similar rules." 

— Of the 517 students attendir 
a California college, 319 intend t 
practice law. 

— " Yale College " is a name c 
the past. "Yale University" 
now written upon all official do 

— It seems that the Faculty q 
Brown have been greatly annoye 
with the horn tooters recentl] 




le Brunomian of recent date 

-••One day last week, while most of the 
dents were at recitations, some one quietly 
ered their rooms and took whatever they 
lid designate by the generic name of horn. 
,e proceeding naturally created some ex- 
;ment, and steps were taken to recover 
property. Report of this having reached 
• ears of the constituted authorities result- 
!|he next day in an address to the Senior 
iss in which an explanation of the whole 
itter was made, which in substance was 
it the duty of thus dehorning the rooms 
i been authoritatively delegated to one of 
U college officers with instructions to do it 
snly and above board." 

— The Yale law school is said to 
: the only one in the United 
ates or England that has a four- 
nars' course of regular exercises, 
Ld gives a degree of Doctor of 

— The ladies in Michigan Uni- 
•rsity have an athletic associa- 

— In Berlin in 1876 the medical 
udenti numbered 281 ; now they 
e 1,279. The increase in other 
aces is proportionally as great, 
t a recent national convention 
German physicians, they con- 
uded to use all endeavors to dis- 
.ade young men from entering 
)on the study of medicine, after 
iving thoroughly discussed the 
ars concerning "proletariat of 

— The University of the South 

Sewanee has its vacations in 

e winter. An exchange adds 

that this is done in order to save 

— At Yankton College, the holi- 
day has been changed from Satur- 
day to Monday. The literary 
societies are now puzzled to know 
when to have their meetings. 

— One hundred persons, includ- 
ing eight Japanese, are pursuing 
the Chatauqua course. — Ex. 

— We learn from good authority 
that in the United States every 
two hundredth man takes a col- 
lege course ; in Germany every 
two hundred and thirteenth ; in 
England, every five hundredth ; 
and in Scotland, every six hundred 
and fifteenth. — Ex. 

— It is generally believed that 
General Walker will be President 
of the Stanford University. He 
can have the place if he wants it. 

— The following is the list of 
college colors : Amherst, white 
and purple ; Bowdoin, white ; 
Brown, brown ; Columbia, blue 
and white ; University of Califor- 
nia, pink ; Cornell, cornelian ; 
Darmouth, green; Hamilton, pink; 
Harvard, crimson ; University of 
New York, violet ; University of 
Pennsylvania, blue and red; 
Princeton, orange and black; Wil- 
liams, royal purple ; Yale, blue. — 
Ex. Colors of the University of 
North Carolina are blue and white. 

— The great Peters Hall, which 
has just been completed at Ober- 

1 66 


lin, cost $70,000. In addition to 
the recitation rooms, it contains a 
chapel and rooms for the literary 

— Harvard holds examinations 
in Paris ; Lafayette in St. Louis 
and Chicago. 

— Oxford University has ap- 
pliances for printing in one hun- 
dred and fifty different languages. 

— The library of Oxford Uni- 
versity contains 375,000 volumes, 
among which are some of the most 
celebrated books and manuscripts 
in the world. 

— Italy has twenty-one univer- 
sities — one more than Germany. 
They are divided into two classes, 
those which receive State support 
and those which do not. The 
first class includes Turin, Genoa, 

Pavia, Padua, Pisa, Bologr 
Rome, Naples, Palermo and Mi 
sina. Naples has the largest nu 
ber of students — 3,900, while t 
smallest number — 39 — is found 
Ferrara, which was once to Ita 
what Weimar was to German 
the seat of the greatest minds 
the age, and which, therefoi 
desperately clings to the privile 
of being a university town. Tui 
has 2,100, Rome 1,200, Bolog 
1,160 students. All the othe| 
excepting Pavia have fewer tfe; 
a thousand. Futile efforts ha 
been repeatedly made to redu 
this uselessly large number 
high schools. Theology is n 
taught at any Italian universit 
but lectures on church history a 
included, sometimes, in the phil 
sophic courses. — Ex. 


erson E. White, LL. D. Cincinnati : 
VanLentwerp, Bragg & Co. 

Dr. White is the author of a 
very popular series of Arithmetics, 
an excellent series of S.chool 
Registers, and is a lecturer of 
some distinction. He has filled 
almost every position from that 
of country school teacher to profes- 

sor in the University, and Supe 1 
intendent of city schools. Hend 
his eminent fitness to write upo 
educational subjects. His El» 
ments of Pedagogy justifies a 
we might expect of it from wh 
we know of the author. There 
first a concise, clear, accurate 
forceful statement of the intellec 
tual processes; then follows 


i6 T 

reduction of the Principles of 
teaching, in which frequent refer- 
;nces are made to the psychologi- 
cal facts already adduced. These 
Principles" are made the basis 
f an excellent chapter on "a 
[ eneral method of teaching," em- 
i iodying some of the most valu- 
able thoughts to be presented 
j;pon the subject. The part of 
he chapter devoted to Written 
i. Examinations is earnestly com- 
mended to every teacher. The 
hapter on " Methods of Teach- 
ing Special Branches" embraces 
he subjects of Reading, Language, 
jeography, Arithmetic — the very 
i.ubjects of interest to the common 
;;chool teacher. The book winds 
iip with a valuable chapter on 
' Moral Training." In this diap- 
er the author discusses the 
'training of the will," "school in- 
:entives," "religious motives," etc. 
We think the book one of the 
/ery best we have seen of the re- 
:ent contributions to educational 

The same publishers send out 
the Eclectic Manual of Methods, 
a neat little book of 262 pages, 
well printed on good paper, and 
nicely bound. It is especially 
adapted to use in those schools 
employing the Eclectic series of 
school books, but is probably 
none the worse for that. It con- 
tains valuable suggestions upon 
teaching, Reading, Spelling, Wri- 
ting, Arithmetic, Geography, 

Grammar, History and Physi- 
ology. Those who use the Ec- 
lectic text books ought to have 
the Eclectic Manual of Methods. 
It would be useful to them at 
every point. Other teachers will 
read the book with more or less 
interest and profit. 

Johann Karl Friedrich Rosen- 
krcuz. Translated by. Anna C. Brack- 
ets New York : D. Appleton & Co. 

The work was originally pub- 
lished in the Journal of Specula- 
tive Philosophy, edited in St. Louis 
by Dr. W. T. Navis. An edition 
of two thousand copies was issued 
in separate volumes. The passing 
out of print of the book did not 
do away with the demand for it, 
and the present edition, revised 
and furnished with an elaborate 
analysis and a somewhat extensive 
and quite lucid commentary, all 
by Dr. Harris, is the result. It is 
the first volume of the " Interna- 
tional Education Series," to be 
gotten out by D. Appleton & Co. 

To philosophical students, the 
book is of rare value, while even 
the average teacher will find him- 
himself greatly profited by a care- 
ful study of it. 

Part I. discusses the " Nature," 
"Form" and "Limits" of Educa- 
tion. Part II. treats of " Physi- 
cal" and "Intellectual" Education 
and "Will-training." Part III. is 
devoted to " Rational," " Theo- 



cratic " and " Christian" Educa- 
tion." From this analysis it will 
be seen that the title, Philosophy 
of Education, has not been inap- 
propriately given. The place of 
Psychology in a system of educa- 
tion is clearly set forth, and its 
application to the development of 
the powers of the soul commends 
itself to the thoughful student. 
As often as the teacher may read 
what the author says upon "At- 
tention," he can do so with profit. 
The methods of treating the me- 
diocre, the genius and the block- 
head will bring joy to the heart of 
the faithful teacher. 

Lastly, the author places Reli- 
gious Education as the highest 
form of education, and Christian 
Education as the culmination of 
religious training. And so it is. 
It is more than refreshing in these 
days when the average teacher, 
and the majority of the great 
writers on education, tremble at 
the mention of religion, lest of- 
fense should thereby be given, to 
find one of the greatest among the 
great educators standing up boldly | 
not only for religious training, but 
for Christianity. Our Professor of 
Pedagogics is so well pleased with 
the book that he has put in his 
Seminary course for the Spring 


* * 

By Elizabeth P. Peabody. Boston : 
I. C. Heath & Co. 

To Miss Peabody as much as to 

any one else is the Kindergarte 
indebted for its rapid spread i 
this country. The book contair 
the lectures which have mac 
Miss Peabody so famous, an 
which have accomplished so muc 
for the schools of Boston an 
other cities. It is a book nc 
only for teachers but for mother 
The "Nursery," "Principles c 
Discipline," "Use of Language, 
and "Religious Nurture" are a 
subjects of interest to the mothe: 
and are treated in a manne 
worthy of the author and he 
themes. We heartily endors 
the . following from the author' 
preface: These lectures "unfoL 
the idea which, though old a 
Plato and Aristotle, and set fort! 
more or less practically fron 
Comenius to Pestalozzi, was fo 
the first time embodied in an ade 
quate system by Froebel. Th< 
second lecture deals with th< 
natural exemplification of thi ' 
idea in the nursery, and is fol: 
lowed by two lectures on how the 
nursery opens up into the kinder 
garten through the proper use o 
language and conversation witl; 
children, and finally develops intc 
equipoise the child's relations tc 
his fellows, to nature, and to God 
I have drawn many illustrations 
from my own psychological ob- 
servations of child life, from which 
Kindergartners may learn how to 
study childhood for themselves." 
We commend the book to all who 



ave the training of children. 
iny one of the lectures is worth 
he price of the book, $1.10 by 

From the same house we have 
eceived also three " Monographs 
n Education," paper, price 25 
ents each. The first is on Mod- 
rn Petrography, by George N. 
Villiams, of Johns Hopkins. It 
; just what it professes to be, 
An account of the application of 
be Microscope to the study of 
reology." The next is on the 
Study of Latin," especially in its 
relations to a liberal education." 
'he third on "How to teach 
Leading," by G. Stanley Hall, 
'h. D., of Johns Hopkins, is by 
ir the most interesting and valu- 
ble to the average teacher. How- 
ver, each is excellent in its own 
phere. We hope the publishers 
rill send out many such "Mono- 
raphs," and that the teachers 
all buy and read them. 


Within a few weeks, The Weekly 
Sentinel, issued at Winston by the 
Oldham Publishing House, will 
lay before its readers a veritable 
literary treat. We refer to the 
opening chapters of a serial story 
entitled " Lillian Rembert ; or, A 
Young Girl's Strange Experience," 
by Mrs. L. E. Amis, of Granville 
county. It is said to be intensely 
interesting, and is worthy of a 
wide perusal. Every North Caro- 
linian who believes in fostering a 
literature of our own, and espe- 
cially those who are interested in 
the literary career of the talented 
authoress, will enroll their names 
with The Sentinel at once, in order 
to get the opening instalment. 
The subsription price is $1.50 per 
year — five cents per single copy. 


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January, i: 

d Series Vol. XIX. 
;w Series Vol. VI. 


No. 5. 


Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 


[Condensed from Memorial Oration by M. McGehee, Esq.] 

William Alexander Graham j for knowledge and his aptitude to 
is born on the 5th day of Sep- learn. One who knew him well*' 
mber, 1804, in the county of j testifies that from his childhood 
ncoln. j he was no less remarkable for his 

* * He received the rudiments j high sense of truth and honor 
his education in the common I than for his exemption from the 
hools of the country. He com- j levities and vices common to 
enced his classical education in 
e Academy at Statesville, then 
der the care of the Rev. Dr. 
uchat, a scholar of good repute. 
r. Graham verified the apparent 
rado.x of Wordsworth, 

" The child is father of the man." 

He was noted, from his earliest 

. 1 • 1 Rev. R. H. Morrison. 

ars, for his industry, his thirst f Judge Brevard 

youth. At this Academy he ap- 
plied himself to his studies with 
the exemplary diligence. A class- 
matef at that time says of him : 
" He was the only boy I ever knew 
who would spend his Saturdays in 
reviewing the studies of the week." 



He was next sent to the Acad- 
emy at Hillsboro. This institu- 
tion, subsequently under Mr. 
Bingham, acquired a renown in 
the South and Southwest, not in- 
ferior to the renown of Rugby, in 
England, under Dr. Arnold. It 
'was then under the direction of 
Mr. Rodgers. He had been edu- 
cated for the Catholic Priesthood, 
and for accurate scholarship and 
capacity as a teacher, had few 
superiors. Here Mr. Graham was 
prepared for College. 

From this Academy he went to 
the University of the State, where 
he was matriculated in the sum- 
mer of 1820. His course through- 
out his college life was admirable 
in every way. He appreciated 
the scheme of study there estab- 
lished, not only as the best disci- 
pline of the intellect, but as the 
best foundation for knowledge in 
its widest sense. He mastered 
his lessons so perfectly that each 
lesson became a permanent addi- 
tion to his stock of knowledge. 
The professors rarely failed to 
testify by a smile, or some other 
token, their approval of his pro- 
ficiency. On one occasion, a pro- 
fessor,* who has achieved a world- 
wide reputation in the field of 
science, remarked to one of his 
classmatest that his lecture on 
Chemistry came back as perfectly 

* Professor Olmstead. 

f John W. Norwood, Esq. 

from Mr. Graham as he h 
uttered it on the previous day. 

Some thirty years after, t 
same professor in a letter to I\ 
Graham, (then Secretary of t 
Navy,) uses this language: 
has often been a source of pie 
ing reflection to me that I w 
permitted to bear some part 
fitting you, in early life, for tr 
elevated post of honor and usef 
ness to which Providence has cc 
ducted you." 

His high sense of duty vv 
manifested in his conscientio 
deportment under the pecul 
form of government to which 
was then subject. His observan 
of every law and usage of the C 
lege was punctilious ; while, 
the faculty, he was ever scrup 
lously and conspicuously respe 

His extraordinary proficien 
was purchased by no laborio! 
drudgery. The secret of it 
to be found in the precept whii 
he acted upon, through lif 1 
"Whatsoever thy hand findeth 
do, do it with thy might." H 
powers of concentration we 
great, his perceptions quick, h 
memory powerful, prompt ar 
assiduously improved. By tl 
joint force of such faculties, 
could accomplish much in litt 
time. Hence, notwithstanding li 
exemplary attention to his Cc 
lege studies, he devoted muc 
time to general reading. It w; 



I this time, no doubt, that he 
id up much of that large and 
iried stock of information upon 
hich he drew at pleasure, in after 

flntent upon availing himself to 
\e full, of every advantage afford- 
J him, he applied himself assidu- 
usly to the duties of the Literary 
Iciety of which he was a mem- 
lr. He participated regularly in 
lb debates and other exercises of 
lat body. For all such he pre- 
Ired himself with care ; and it is 
feerted by the same authority* 
) which I have already referred — 
most competent judge — that his 
gtopositions were of such excel- 
■nce that, in a literary point of 
:ew, they would have challenged 
iJmparison with anything done 
I him in after life. 
The class of which he was a 
.ember was graduated in 1824. 
I was the largest up to that 
me; and, for capacity and pro- 
ciency, esteemed the best. It 
Is declared by Professors Olm- 
ead and Mitchell, that Yale 
light well have been proud of 
ich a class. It embraced many 
iho afterward won high distinc- 
on in political and professional 
:e. One, who divided the high- 
it honors of the class with Mr. 
raham, attained the highest 
dicial station in the State — a 

* Mr. Norwood. 

seat upon the Supreme Court 

No one could have availed him- 
self to a greater extent than Mr. 
Graham did, of the opportunities 
presented in his collegiate career. 
" His college life, in all its duties 
and obligations,'" says the gentle- 
man before quoted, f " was an 
epitome of his career upon the 
stage of the world." He adds 
that on the day when he received 
his diploma, he could, with his 
usual habits of study, have filled 
any chair with honor to himself 
and acceptance to his class. Such 
is the emphatic testimony of one 
who himself graduated with high 
distinction in the same class. 
Might we not subjoin, building 
upon the above remark, that his 
career in after life was, in great 
part, the logical result of the dis- 
cipline and training to which he 
submitted himself, so conscienti- 
ously, in his college life? 

He obtained his County Court 
license in the summer of 1826. At 
August term of the court he ap- 
peared at the Orange Bar. The 
rule then required, between the 
admission to practice in the Coun- 
ty Court and the admission to 
practice in the Superior Court a 
novitiate of one year. This period 
he spent in Hillsboro, that he 
might continue to profit by the 

*Hon. M. Manly, 
f Mr. Norwood. 



instruction of his. learned precep- 
tor. At the end of the year he 
received his Superior Court li- 

His first case of importance in 
the Superior Court was one which, 
from peculiar causes, excited great 
local interest. It involved an in- 
tricate question of title to land. 
On the day of trial, the court 
room was crowded and the Bar 
fully occupied by lawyers — many 
of them men of the highest pro- 
fessional eminence. When he 
came to address the jury, he spoke 
with modest)', but with ease and 
self-possession. His preparation 
of the case had been thorough, 
and the argument which he de- 
livered is described as admirable, 
both as to matter and manner. 
When he closed, the Hon. Wil- 
liam H. Haywood, who had then 
risen to a high position at the 
Bar, turned to a distinguished 
gentleman, still living, of the 
same profession, and inquired who 
had prepared the argument which 
Mr. Graham had so handsomely 
delivered. The answer was, " It 
is all his own ;" to which Mr. Hay- 
wood replied with the observation, 
"William Gaston could have done 
it no better." 

* * In 1833 he was elected a 
member of the General Assembly 
from the town of Hillsboro. His 
first appearance on the floor has 
an interest from the relations sub- 
sequently existing between him 

and the distinguished man 
whom the motion submitted 
him had reference. He rose 
move the sending of a message 
the Senate to proceed to the eh 
tion of a Governor of the Stai 
and to put in nomination Gcj 
Swain. A day or two after, '. 
had the satisfaction of reporti; 
that that gentleman — who w 
ever afterward united to him 
the closest bonds of friendship! 
had received a majority of vote 
and of being named as first on t\ 
committee to inform him of h 
election. He took, from the bj 
ginning, an active part in tl; 
business of the House relating 
Banks, Law Amendments ai 1 
Education. A few days after tl' 
session commenced, he was a 
pointed chairman of a special coij 
mittee, and submitted an adveri 
report upon the petition of cd 
tain citizens of France, prayiii 
that they might hold and transf* 
real estate. Near the end of tl' 
session he was the chairman < 
another special committee, t 
which was referred a questio 
then much discussed. The quel 
tion was, whether a person hoL 
ing an office of profit or tru: 
under the State government couli 
during his term, hold a like offi< 
under the government of tl 
United States. The question aros 
under the Constitution of 1771 
and is of no practical value nov 
But it was a question of interei 



the time, and possesses an in- 
est for us, as the first work of 
/ kind done by Mr. Graham 
ich has come down to us. He 
posed of the question in a re- 
rt clear and well reasoned, and 
.rked with great precision of 

He was a member from the 
ne town in 1834, during which 
sion he appears to have dis- 
arged the duties of the chair- 
.n of the committee of which he 
s a member, the Committee on 
I Judiciary. 

Mr. Graham was again a mem- 
i- from Hillsboro in the year 
35. In the organization of the 
mmittees the post of Chairman 
the Committee on the Judicia- 
iwas assigned to him, and the 
irnals bear testimony to the 
igence with which its duties 
fe discharged. It was through 
ti, in his capacity of chairman, 
at the various reports of the 
mmissioners to revise the 
atute Laws of the State — the 
;vised Code being then in pro- 
sss — were submitted to the 


He again represented the 
unty of Orange in the Legisla- 
res of 1838 and 1840, in both of 
lich he was elected speaker, 
lis withdrew him from the arena 
debate, and we learn little more 
him from the journals of those 
ssions than the uniform punctu- 
ty and universal acceptability 

with which he discharged the du- 
ties of that high trust. 

A revolution in the politics of 
the State brought about a vacan- 
cy, in 1840, in the representation 
from North Carolina in the Sen- 
ate of the United States. Mr. 
Strange, under instructions, had 
resigned his seat ; the term of the 
other Senator was near its end. 
There were thus two terms to be 
filled by the Legislature of 1841. 
Mr. Mangum was elected for the 
full term, Mr. Graham for the un- 
expired term. This election was 
considered by Mr. Graham as the 
most emphatic testimonial of the 
confidence and favor of the State 
which he received during his life. 
Mr. Mangum and he were resi- 
dents of the same county, and of 
the many able men who might 
justly advance claims to the other 
seat Mr. Graham was the young- 
est. Certainly an election under 
such circumstances constituted a 
tribute of peculiar significance 
and value. 

He was among the youngest 
members of the Senate when he 
took his seat ; but he soon com- 
manded the esteem and respect of 
the entire body. That, it has been 
truly said, was pre-eminently the 
age of great men in American 
parliamentary history, and of such 
he was regarded as the worthy 
compeer. " He never rose to 
speak," says a distinguished 



gentleman,* who was himself a 
member of Congress at that time, 
" that he did not receive the most 
respectful attention. When the 
Senate went into Committee of 
the Whole he was usually called 
upon to preside. Reports from 
him as chairman of a committee 
almost invariably secured the 
favorable consideration of the 
Senate." From the same authori- 
ty we learn that the relations ex- 
isting between him and Mr. Clay 
were of the most kindly and inti- 
mate character, and that Mr. Clay 
" regarded him as a most superior 
man, socially and intellectually." 
In 1844 he was nominated by 
the Whig party of North Carolina 
for the office of Governor. He 
had not sought the nomination ; 
nay, would have declined it if he 
could have done so consistently 
with his high conceptions of the 
duty of a citizen. In 1836 he had 
married the daughter of the late 
John Washington, Esq., of New- 
bern, a lady of rare beauty and 
accomplishments — a union which 
brought to him as much of happi- 
ness as it is the lot of man to 
know. From this union a young 
and growing family was gathering 
around him. His patrimony had 
not been large, and the require- 
ments of his family demanded his 
constant professional exertions. 
He was now at the summit of his 

* Hon. Kenneth Rayner. 

profession, and his emolumen 
would be limited only by the n 
ture of the business in an agrici 
tural State, where commerce e 
isted to only a small extent, an 
manufactures were in their i 
fancy. His attention had bed 
much withdrawn from his profe 
sion during his Senatorial caree 
and besides the expense and lo 
of time in a State canvass, 1 
would, if elected, be entirely pr 
eluded from the exercise of h 
profession during his term of offic 
The salary of the office was sma 
and a residence in the capital i 
Chief Magistrate would rendt 
necessary an increased scale <j 
expense. On the other han 
were considerations of grea 
weight. Letters came to hir 
from many gentlemen of hig 
standing in various parts of th 
State, pressing his acceptance b 
every consideration that could b 
addressed to an elevated mine 
Moreover he was not unmindfi 
of the honors which had been coi 
ferred upon him, and not ungrate 
ful. He held, too, that the ci 
cumstances must be very excej 
tional, which could justify a cit 
zen in withholding his service 
when called to a public statio 
by the general voice of the people 
To determine his duty cost hir 
much anxious reflection ; but th 
latter consideration proved dec 
sive. The decision once made, h 
acted with his accustomed energ) 



iHis nomination was hailed with 

tisfaction throughout the Union. 

mong other letters which he 

ten received, giving expression 

1 this feeling, was one from Mr. 

lay. In conclusion he thus ex- 

ressed himself : " Still, I should 

■ ive preferred that you were in 

riother situation, where the whole 

"nion would have benefitted by 

iDU services." 

11 * * He was inaugurated on 

le 1st of January, 1845, the oaths 

f office being administered by 

hief Justice Ruffin. The Raleigh 

\egister of that date remarks, that 

'the audience which witnessed 

ie ceremony, for everything that 

Duld make the occasion imposing, 

as never been surpassed within 

ur recollection. The lobbies and 

alleries were crowded with 

Grangers and citizens, and a bril- 

!ant assemblage of ladies." 

The Inaugural Address was 
worthy of the speaker. It is full 
f lofty thoughts and wise sug- 
gestions. It is pervaded through- 
'ut by that philosophic tone which 
ielonged to whatever he wrote or 
poke. The earlier part contains 
>olitical reflections of such weight 
.nd value, that I would gladly 
>resent them if they could be con- 
lensed into a less space. In this 
.ddress, as always, he held up the 
jtate as the worthy object of our 
>est affections. 

His first term was so acceptable 

that he was elected for the second 
by a largely-increased vote. His 
two terms embrace that period 
during which North Carolina made 
the greatest progress in all her in- 
terests.* The messages of his 
very able predecessor, Governor 
Morehead, followed up by his own, 
drew the attention of the whole 
State to the subject of Internal 
Improvements, and a powerful 
impulse was given to that great 
interest. Space would fail me for 
a separate notice of each of the 
great interests of the State. To 
sum up in brief, whatever could 
tend to her material or intellec- 
tual progress was duly fostered 
and encouraged. 

His messages were regarded as 
among the best State papers of 
his day. Of this I could cite many 
proofs ; I must content myself 
with one. In a letter, Mr. Web- 
ster writes as follows : " The tone 
which your Message holds, in re- 

* The Act for the charter of the Institution 
for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind was passed in 
1846. In 1848 was passed Acts for the char- 
ters of the North Carolina Railroad, the Fay- 
etteville and Western Plank Road, the Slack- 
water Navigation of the Cape Fear and Deep 
Rivers, and, prospectively, of the Yadkin, 
with a portage railroad connected with Deep 
River. The Legislature also made an appro- 
priation for the erection of a Lunatic Asylum. 
The Act authorizing a Geological Survey was 
passed in 1850 — the year after the expiration 
af his term — but the Act was mainly due to 
the influences exerted by his Inaugural and 



gard to the relations between the 
State Government and the Gener- 
al Government is just, proper, dig- 
nified and constitutional, and the 
views which it presents on ques- 
tions of internal policy, the devel- 
opment of resources, the improve- 
ment of markets, and the gradual 
advancement of industry and 
wealth, are such as belong to the 
age, and are important to our 
country in all its parts." His earn- 
est recommendation of a Geologi- 
cal Survey elicited from Professor 
Olmstead a letter commending his 
views expressed in that regard, in 
which he said : " There is no State 
in the Union which would better 
reward the labor and expense of a 
Geological Survey than North 

In 1849 ne delivered the address 
before the Literary Societies at 
Chapel Hill. His subject was a 
cursory view of the objects of 
liberal education. This address 
stands out in wide contrast to 
those which have been customary 
on such occasions and is solid, 
sterling, practical. It is a vindi- 
cation of the University curricu- 
lum. Subjects of highest interest 
are discussed, and with all due at- 
tractions of style. It concludes 
with brief but weighty suggestions 
to the graduating class, calculated 
to stimulate to high aims in virtue, 
knowledge and patriotism. 

Public honors have been coy to 
most men ; it was the reverse in 

his case. They waited around hir it 
with perpetual solicitations. I 
1849, Mr Mangum, one of th' 
confidential advisers of the Presl 
dent, wrote to Mr. Graham thai 
he might make his election bt! 
tween the mission to Russia an< 
the mission to Spain. Subst! 
quently the mission to Spain wai 
tendered to and declined by him 

Upon the accession of Mr. Fill 
more to the Presidency, a seat ii 
the Cabinet was tendered to Mr 
Graham. In the letter addressee 
to him by the President, inform 
ing him of his appointment, h< 
said : " I trust that you will accep! 
the office, and enter upon the dis 
charge of its duties at the earliest 
day. I am sure the appointment 
will be highly acceptable to thi 
country, as, I can assure you, you 
acceptance will be gratifying to 
me." In a letter couched in propel 
terms, dated July 25, he commu 
nicated his acceptance. 

* * His labors as Secretary 
of the Navy were brought to a 
sudden termination. " The Whig 
party met in convention on the 
16th of June, 1852, and put in 
nomination for the Presidency 
General Scott, and for 'the Vicej 
Presidency Mr. Graham.' Mr, 
Graham's preference for the Presi- 
dency was in favor of Mr. Fill- 
more, and without a distinct dec- 
laration of principles, and an ap- 
proval of the course of his admin- 
istration, he would not have per- 



litted his name to be placed on 
!iy other ticket. This declaration 
das made, and in terms as explicit 
.; he could wish ; with that dec- 
oration, it became a mere calcu- 
rtion of chances which was the 
indidate the most acceptable to 
le country. Under these cir- 
cumstances he accepted the nona- 
ction. Immediately on his ac- 
i^ptance, with a view, as he ex- 
pressed it, " to relieve the admin- 
itration of any possible criticism 
jr embarrassment on his account 
it the approaching canvass," he 
cndered his resignation. The 
resident, "appreciating the high 
: ?nse of delicacy and propriety" 
i'hich prompted the act, accepted 
is resignation with expressions 
J " unfeigned regret." 
: After his retirement from the 
abinet, and in the same year 
;.852)hedelivered the sixth lecture 
|t the course, before the Histori- 
il Society of New York, in Met- 
■jpolitan Hall, in the city of New 
"ork. " The attendance," we are 
bid in the Evening Post of that 
fate, " was exceedingly numer- 
ous." Ever anxious to exalt his 
tate, and set her before the world 
1 her true glory, his subject was 
iken from the history of North 
iarolina. It was the British in- 
asion of North Carolina in 1780 
,.nd '8 1. 

-x- * This lecture will, I think, 
:e regarded as the maturest of his 
terary efforts. It presents the 

events of the time in which it 
treats in new combinations, and 
sheds upon them new lights from 
original investigations. The style 
is always clear, forcible and har- 
monious. Classic ornament is in- 
troduced to an extent rare for 
him ; for though he retained his 
classical learning to the end of his 
life, his sense of fitness led him to 
employ very sparingly what any 
one might be disposed to attribute 
to ostentation. Altogether it is 
the most valuable contribution yet 
made to the history of North 
Carolina at that era. It sets the 
State- in a juster light than any- 
thing on record. It particularly 
commends itself to all who cherish 
in their hearts the sacred flame of 
State-love and State-pride ; to all 
who hold in honor the renown of 
their ancestry ; to all who would 

" Ennobling impulse from the past." 

Mr. Graham was again a mem- 
ber of the Legislature in 1 854.— "5. 

A number of eminent statesmen, 
among whom was Mr. Graham, 
met in Washington City, in Feb- 
ruary, i860, to consult together 
upon the dangers which menaced 
the country. The result was the 
convention which nominated the 
Constitutional Union ticket for 
Presidency, in behalf of which he 
canvassed the State. Upon the 
election of Mr. Lincoln he made 
public addresses, and exhorted the 



people to yield due obedience to 
his office. 

But events were marching on 
with rapid strides. On the 13th 
of April, 1 861, Suinpter surren- 
dered to Confederate guns. On 
the 15th, Mr. Lincoln issued his 
call for 75,000 troops. This call 
was made without authority, and 
was the first of that series of pub- 
lic measures culminating in the 
authorized suspension of the Ha- 
beas Corpus Act on the 10th of 
May, under the shock of which 
the public liberties of the North 
for a time went down. 

By these events the aspect of 
things was wholly changed. The 
question of secession as a right, 
whether the election of Mr. Lin- 
coln was a just cause for the exer- 
cise of the right, had drifted out 
of sight. War was inevitable. 
Virginia had followed the example 
of the Southern States, and North 
Carolina was now girdled with se- 
ceded States. All that was left 
her was a choice of sides. The 
language of Mr. Graham at this 
crisis was the language of all 
thoughtful men ; nay, it was the 
language of the human heart. 
And looking back upon all that 
Ave have suffered — and there are 
none, even in the Northern States, 
but say we have suffered enough — 
if a similar conjuncture were to 
arise, the heart would speak out 
the same language again. Speak- 
ing the voice of the people of 

North Carolina, as he, from the 
high trusts confided tp him in hh 
past life, and from the confidence 
always reposed in him, was mort 
than any other commissioned tcj 
do, in a public address at Hillsi 
boro, in March, 1 861, he expressec 
himself as follows : 
/ " Ardent in their attachment tc 
the Constitution and the Union 
they had condemned separate 
State secession as rash and pre 
cipitate, and wanting in respect to 
the sister States of identical inter; 
ests ; and as long as there wat 
hope of an adjustment of sectional! 
differences, they are unwilling to 
part with the Government, and 
give success to the movement for 
its overthrow, which appeared on 
the part of some, at least, to be, 
but the revelation of a long cher-j 
ished design. But the President] 
gives to the question new alterna-' 
tives. These are, on the one hand, 
to join with him in a war of con- 
quest, for it is nothing less, against 
our brethren of the seceding 
States — or, on the other, resistance 
to and throwing off the obligations 
of theFederalConstitution. Of the 
two, we do not hesitate to accept 
the latter. Blood is thicker than 
water. How widely we have dif- 
fered from, and freely criticised 
the course taken by these States, 
they are much more closely united; 
with us, by the ties of kindred, 
affection, and peculiar interest, 
which is denounced and warred 



; pon at the North, without refer- 
nce to any locality in our own 
action, than to any of the North- 
rn States." 

Under the influence of these 
; ounsels, so wisely and temperate- 
7 expressed, a convention of the 
eople of North Carolina was 
ailed. On the 20th of May, a 
ay memorable in the annals of 
he State, and of the world, the 
onvention passed the ordinance 
'{ secession. 

] In December, 1863, Mr. Graham 
Vas elected to the Confederte Sen- 
'te by a majority of two-thirds of 
he Legislature. He took his seat 
"I May, 1864. 

* - There is no part of Mr. 
'iraham's life in which the calm 
Visdom, for which he was so dis- 
tinguished, shone more conspicu- 
ously than in the closing months 
i>f the civil war. When independ- 
ence was demonstrated to be hope- 
ess, he sought peace ; but even 
: hen, only in channels admitted 
o be in accordance with the great 
principles of our Government. 

The surrender left the State 
mder the control of the Federal 
jenerals and under the military 
aw. According to the theory of 
he Administration, all civil gov- 
ernment had ceased ; all the offices 
vere vacant. The government, 
or a time, was such as a conquer- 
ng army administers in a subju- 
gated country. At length to in- 
lugurate a civil government, the 

precedent for the admission of 
territories was partially adopted. 
A provisional Governor was ap- 
pointed with power to call a con- 
vention. In execution of his 
powers the Governor appointed 
to the vacant offices and issued a 
call for a convention. Mr. Gra- 
ham was nominated for the con- 
vention ; but it being announced 
by the executive, that persons un- 
pardoned would not be allowed to 
take their seats, he withdrew from 
the canvass. 

The Reconstruction measures 
were now passed. The former 
government was swept away. The 
whole power over the question 
of suffrage, that question which 
lies at the foundation of all repre- 
sentative government, and which 
under the old Constitution be- 
longed to the States, save that 
Congress might pass uniform 
naturalization laws, was assumed 
and exercised by Congress. Suf- 
frage was adjusted upon a new 
basis ; all the black race was en- 
franchised, and a large portion of 
the white race was disfranchised. 
Under this adjustment, a new 
convention was called, and a new 
constitution adopted, the consti- 
tution under which we now live. 

These measures, so extreme in 
their nature, were regarded while 
they were yet in progress by a 
large part of our people with a 
feeling little short of consterna- 
tion. The Government seemed 



wholly changed ; the Constitution 
irrevocably wrenched, if not de- 
stroyed. A profound apathy fell 
upon the minds of the people. A 
vast number ceased to take any 
cognizance of public affairs. They 
seemed to regard them as re- 
moved forever beyond their con- 
trol. In this state of things a 
convention of the conservative 
party of North Carolina was called. 
It met on the 5th of February, 
1868, in Tucker Hall, in the city 
of Raleigh, and was presided over 
by Mr. Graham. 

Upon taking the chair he spoke 
at length upon the state of the 
country. The scope of that speech 
is summed up in the conclusion 
which I give in his own words : 
" I have detained you thus long, 
but to be brief and state our case as 
it is, against the thousand misrep- 
resentations with which the ear of 
authority is vexed, for the con- 
sideration of yourselves, of our 
own people, of our fellow-citizens 
of the North and West, and the 
calm judgment of the world at 

The Convention of 1865 had 
directed that the Legislature 
should be convened. An election 
was accordingly held and the 
Legislature met in the winter of 
that year. Mr. Graham was unani- 
mously elected for the county of 
Orange, but, being unpardoned he 
did not offer to take his seat. . It 
was the universal desire of the 

people that he should represent 
the State in the Senate of the 
United States, when restored to 
its old relations. It was felt that 
North Carolina had no one more 
competent to vindicate her action 
or represent her interests. It was 
felt that she had no one who, by 
his balanced judgment, his tem- 
perance of feeling, his urbane 
bearing, would do more to miti- 
gate the asperities which had been 
provoked by civil strife. He wa; 
elected by a large majority. Upon 
his election he repaired to Wash- 
ington and presented his creden- 
tials. They were laid upon the 
table. He presented to the Sen- 
ate a manly and respectful memo- 
rial ; but he was never permitted 
to take his seat. The spectacle 
presented by the exclusion from 
public affairs of a man of his ante- 
cedents, while so many who had 
an active agency in bringing on 
civil strife had been promoted to 
high station, arrested attention 

On the 14th of December, 1870, 
a resolution was adopted by the 
House of Representatives of North 
Carolina, that the Governor of 
North Carolina be impeached of 
high crimes and misdemeanors. 
On the 23rd of December the 
Court of Impeachment was duly 
organized, and sat forty days. 1 
The judgmeat of the court was 
that the Governor be deposed 
from office, and forever disquali- 1 



Red from holding any office of 
profit or trust in this State. 

Mr. Graham was the first coun- 
sel named among the eminent 
gentlemen of the Bar selected to 
assist the managers appointed by 
the House ; and he bore a princi- 
pal part in the management of 
the trial, and in the discussions of 
the various questions of evidence 
which arose in its progress. It 
was assigned to him to make the 
first of the speeches in the final 
argument. In his exordium he 
.ised the language quoted above — 
anguage which embodied the ad- 
/ice which he had given to the 
Tiembers of the Assembly by 
►vhom he had been consulted 
vhen the impeachment resolution 
vas pending. The passage which 
follows, addressed to the Senators 
sitting in their judicial capacity, 
evidently lays down the rule by 
vhich his own public life had been 
guided : 

" For my own part, I have to 
say to every public man, in regard 
:o his public life, what the great 
ooet represents the angel as hav- 
ing said to our first ancestor: 

' 'Nor love thy life, nor hate ; but what thou 

.jive well, how long or short permit to 

heaven?' " 

So completely was every point 
>f law and fact covered by Mr. 
Graham that the eminent counsel 
[vho concluded on behalf of the 
nanagers confined himself to a re- 

statement of the positions taken 
by him, and to such further dis- 
cussion as was rendered necessary 
in reply. That speech will not 
fail to be studied whenever the 
great principles of government 
then involved shall come to be 
again defended here. 

This record would be most im- 
perfect did it fail to bring into 
the most prominent relief the ser- 
vices of Mr. Graham in his office 
of trustee of the University. He 
regarded the University as the 
best ornament of the State, and 
no one of all its sons nursed it 
with a more devoted or wiser care. 
He attended all its commence- 
ments, and was most active in 
watching over all its interests. No 
one labored with more zeal for its 
restoration to the control of the 
true sons of the State. For many 
years he was a member of the 
Executive Committee, and at the 
time of his death he was the chair- 
man of that committee. It was 
to him, finally, that Governor 
Swain, in the last years of his 
successful administration, looked 
for direction and support in all its 
trials and embarrassments. 

Mr. Graham had been nomina- 
ted by acclamation by the people 
of Orange for the Constitutional 
Convention which sat in Septem- 
ber, 1875, but the state of his 
health rendered it impossible for 
him to undergo the labors of the 
canvass. This was not needed on 

1 84 


his own account, but his absence 
from the hustings was regretted 
on account of the convention 
cause. He published, however, a 
strong address to his constituents, 
which was widely circulated, and 
had an important influence on the 

A meeting of the boundary 
Commissioners had been arranged 
to take place at Saratoga Springs, 
in the State of New York, in the 
month of August, 1875. Thither 
Mr. Graham accordingly went, 
accompanied by Mrs. Graham and 
his youngest son. For many days 
he appeared to be in his usual 
health ; but a great change was at 
hand. After an evening spent 
with his friends, whose society he 
enjoyed with more than his wonted 
zest, he retired a little beyond his 
accustomed hour. Soon after the 
symptoms of his disease recurred 
in aggravated form. Physicians 
were summoned who ministered 
promptly, but ineffectually. Mean- 
time the news of his situation 
spread, and messages of inquiry 
and offers of personal services 
testified to the general and deep 
concern. But all that science and 
the most affectionate solicitude 
could suggest proved unavailing. 
He expired at 6 o'clock on the 

morning of Wednesday, the lit 
of August, 1875. 

There is enough here, and moi 
than enough, to satisfy the aspir; 
tions of the loftiest ambitioi 
But in the contemplation of th; 
life he must be blind indeed wh 
does not see that the moral rist 
high over the intellectual grai 
deur. The moral dignity of ma 
never received a higher illustr; 
tion than in the life before u 
We admire the pure Patriot i 
whose thoughts the State — h 
weal and her glory — was eve 
uppermost ; the learned Juri 
who from his ample stores in torn 
ed and moulded the laws of h 
own commonwealth ; the eloquen 
Advocate who stood always read; 
to redress the wrong, whether 
the individual or the communit 
at large ; the wise Statesman wh 
swayed the destinies of his Stat 
more than any of his generatior 
But we render the unfeigned horn 
age of the heart to him, who bj 
the majesty of his moral nature 
passed pure and unsullied througl 
the wide circle of trials and con 
flicts embraced in his life; ant 
who, in his death, has left a farm 
that will be an incentive and ; 
standard to the generous youth o 
North Carolina through all tin 
ages that are to come. 




The old bell in the south tower 
,vas ringing the hour of four. The 
jay's recitations were over, and 
:he students of the University of 
Carolina were hurrying through 
the corridors of the great stone 
Duilding, some towards the ball- 
ground, others to their respective 
:00ms, and a few to the campus 
r or evening strolls. A little circle 
">f friends lingered about the steps 
discussing the incidents of the 

, "What did old ' Julius Ceasar ' 
nean this morning by reading to 
as that extract from ' Hamlet ?' " 
nquired a fat boy, as he inhaled 
:he fumes of a cigarette. 
I " Why, to illustrate with an 
English parallel ihe Latin passage 
»ve were reading," answered a 
aandsome fellow reclining upon 
:he grass near by. " The ghost of 
:he old king appeared to Hamlet 
nuch as the shades of Hector 
md Creusa did to Aeneas. Pro- 
essor W — ," continued he, " is 
:rying to make his lectures enter- 
taining and you fellows donotap- 
oreciate his efforts." 

"Well, old 'Julius' does read 
veil, there is no denying that," 

continued the fat boy. " It is 
better listening to him than stand- 
ing up to recite, anyhow." 

" Yes, standing up to recite 
'unprepared, as you invariably 
do," thrust in another. 

" Did you boys see ' Kitty's' 
eyes," asked the youth on the 
grass, " when Horatio said ' Look, 
my lord, it comes !' ? I believe 
she really expected to see the 
ghost of Hamlet's father stalk 
from behind the Professor's choir." 

"Well, the Prof, read so deep 
and curious like that it did make 
me feel a little shaky" apologized 
the pale nervous boy alluded to, 
as he rubbed his clammy hands. 

" Is it not a little remarkable," 
said one of the party, "that men 
in all ages have believed in ghosts 
and feared them when no man 
has ever been hurt by one and 
there is no evidence that one was 
ever seen." 

"They are the creations of fear," 
explained another of the circle. 
" Ignorant minds fill darkness with 
monsters and attribute to them 
all that is beyond their under- 
standing. Ghosts retreat before 
knowledge, and when the whole 

* The incident of this story was related to the writer by the late Col. George Wortham, 
>f Granville, and if it has ever been in print the writer is not aware of it. It was said to 
lave been an actual occurrence at the University many years ago. 



world is educated they will have 
ceased to exist." 

But the nervous boy was not so 
sure that ghosts were mere crea- 
tions of fancy, and narrated several 
stories which had been retailed to 
him byold negroesuponhisfather's 
plantation. How, for instance, 
while ''sitting up" with the body 
•of old Aunt Peggy every candle 
was suddenly extinguished and 
all heard a rumbling and groaning 
up the chimney. And then, too, 
the night after Uncle Abe died a 
coffin on legs ran old Josh through 
the piny woods, never stopping 
till he crossed the spring-branch ; 
and many more stories of equal 
weight. Evidently the nervous 
boy was no sceptic. 

But the young man upon the 
grass laughed heartily at "Kitty's" 
foolish stories, and boasted that 
all the ghosts in grave-yards could 
not frighten him. Indeed, he de- 
clared that he would give his ex- 
pected "sheepskin " for one sight 
of a genuine moving ghost. 

" Why, if you believe in ghosts, 
Kitty," exclaimed he, "you should 
believe also in witches. Watch, 
the next stormy night, and per- 
haps you will see old Mrs. Sikes 
ride over the South Building upon 
a broom. It would be a novel 
sight, and well worth the waiting. 
Or, if you lay hid at 'Otis Retreat,' 
you might learn how they conduct 
a witches' Sabbath." Then, mer- 
rily laughing at the nervous boy's 

round eyes and solemn visage, i 
waved a good-bye to the part 
and sauntered down the grav 
path, arm-in-arm with a friend. 

Two of the youths who he 
heard the young man's laughir 
remarks might have been see 
whispering together as he strollt 
away. " We'll see whether he 
or not !" one of them remarke 
aloud, at length ; and then, seen 
ingly amused at their mysterioi 
plans, theybothbrokeinto a heart 
ha! ha ! " Will it not be a goo 
one !" exclaimed the other. "A 
ter all his brave talking, too ! 
" He will not be afraid —oh, no! 
And then they we nearly convulse 
with laughter again. 

During the evening the youn 
man who laughed at ghosts re 
turned to his room, and before r< 
tiring for the night looked, a 
usual, to see that a revolver lay i 
its accustomed place beneath hi 
pillow. He had thought no mor 
of the conversation at the step 
unless, indeed, it was to smile a 
his friend's credulity, and untrou 
bled by fearful fancies was sooi 
sleeping soundly. 

He had been asleep severa 
hours when a noise in the roon 
aroused him. Raising his head 
slightly, he listened. But nothing 
more was heard. The strolled 
through the campus had long sine* 
retired, and the tramping upoi 
the steps and through the corri 
dors had ceased. The half-moori 



as rising, but the faint light steal- 
g through the open window only 
ade darker the shadows about 
le room. As the young man lis- 
ned a sigh was heard from an 
xscure corner. 

"Who is there !" he called sharp- 
, springing up in bed. But in- 
ead of an answer a tall white 
jure moved slowly from the 
tadow and stood near his bed, 
ilf revealed in the moon-light. 
: The youth was startled. But his 
eling was more of anger than of 
ar, for his avowed scepticism the 
'evious evening had not been as- 

med. Still, there is a trace of 
:perstition in every one, however 
'xu\y the intellect may control it. 
; " Leave my room instantly !" he 

id, and at the same time drew 
[•$ weapon from under the pillow. 
[it the ghostly figure stood silent 
litd motionless. 

" If you remain a moment long- 
n/' he exclaimed, " I will shoot!" 
iae white drapery-heeded no more 
j&n a garment hanging upon the 


The young man raised his wea- 

<n and fired at the object, which 

emed so near that the powder 

ight have scorched it. But in- 

*ad of a masker falling wounded, 
j he expected, the mysterious 

antom slowly raised a long 
,|, eeted arm, paused a moment, 

d then a bullet dropped from 
i fingers and rolled away upon 

e floor. 


Again he raised his pistol and 
fired, and again he saw the white 
arm lifted slowly and heard an- 
other ball rattle as it fell from its 

Five times he fired with the 
same result, and as the last bullet 
dropped upon the floor and rolled 
away, the empty revolver fell from 
his hand, and he sank back heavily 
upon the bed. Then the phantom 
glided silently from the chamber, 
while from the shadows about the 
room a dozen others seemed to 
rise and follow it noislessly. 

Presently in a distant chamber 
there was the sound of merry 

" I thought we could scare 
him!" said one. "The bravest 
talkers are sure to be the greatest 

" But I know from the way he 
spoke he was not frightened when 
he first saw you," said the sallow- 
faced youth, "and I confess I 
trembled so, over there in the cor- 
ner, that it shook the furniture in 
the room." 

" Didn't he drop heavily when 
he emptied his pistol without 
hurting anything ?" exclaimed an- 
other. " He fell like he had been 

" I say, Tom," called another, 
" how did you manage it so clev- 
erly ?" 

" Oh, I slipped in his room 
while he was absent," answered 
the youth addressed, " and drew 


the balls from his cartridges, fill- 
ing them with paper instead. It 
is well that he did not examine 
them, for the wads struck me every 

" Won't we laugh at him to- 
morrow !" called out one. " I do 
not think he will speak lightly of 
ghosts again soon." 

And then they all laughed long 
and merrily at the joke which had 
been played upon the sceptic. 

But on the morrow the youi 
man did not come down from h 
room as usual. The students ha 
heard of the night's adventur 
and many were awaiting to cha 
him when he should appear. / 
length a friend ascended to h 
room and, venturing to enter u 
bidden, found him stretched upc 
his bed just as he had fallen tl 
night before — dead ! 

John Willis Hays. 


A nations literature moulds its 
character. By studying the litera- 
ture of past nations we can gain, 
in great measure, a correct esti- 
mate of their customs, manners 
and morals. 

Among the many prominent 
authors who have helped to form 
the American school of letters 
there stands forth none so promi- 
nent as the subject of this sketch. 
On none has Genius set her seal 
so plainly and no one has done so 
much for the production of a 
distinctly American literature. 

While Hawthorne and Irving 
have made for themselves names 
that cannot perish, yet it was 
Edgar Allan Poe, who, leaving 
the beaten path, wandered out in 
the broad field of literature, and 

in pastures before unknow; : 
plucked fresh flowers to grace tl 
Goddess of Letters. This was tl 
genius that bound dull facts wil 
the silken cord of Fancy, ar 
made Nature lend her aid to aij 

The peculiar interest which a 
taches us to the name of Poe 
that he was a Southerner an 
lived among southern peoplj 
Through the shifting interests 
the stage, for his parents we: 
players, he was born in Bosto' 
but his home was made in Rid 
mond and for his southern horr 
he always, — even in the gloom i 
his after bitter years, preserved 
tender love. 

The most remarkable feature 
Poe's works is his originalit 
Dryden says, "A poet is a mak 



,s the word signifies and he who 
annot make, that is, invent, hath 
lis name for nothing." Judging 
3 oe by this standard as a poet, 
le is nearly perfect. What man 
:ver before conceived such an idea 
.s is embodied in the Raven? 
/Vho before ever put upon paper 
he wild spirits of the " Bells" ? 

This genius created and em- 
>odied these " rare and radiant" 
ancies into words just as truly as 
lo soil and sunshine weave the 
ily's leaf and give color to the 

The diction of Poe is something 
wonderful. In every line there is 

play of words. What an ad- 
nirable adaptation of sound to 
ense in the Bells ! " Keeping time, 
ime, time, with a sort of Runic 
hyme, to the tintinnabulation of 
He Bells." 

Perhaps no recent writer, 
whether American or foreign, has 
uch complete control of the beau- 
ies of Rhetoric. Beautiful figures 
nd fancies teemed in his brain 
nd throw around his writings an 
•resistible charm. 

His imagination roamed through 
nfinity and brought the gems of 
le universe, — seen and unseen to 
eck his pages. 

As a critic he is a model. For 
lany years he conducted the re- 
ew department of " Graham's 
Magazine," and here his exposure 

humbug and pretension was as 
athing as the lightning's blast 

and as " pitiless as the storm." 
Yet while he exposed error in all 
its forms and threw off the flimsy 
veil of hypocrisy and pretension, 
there remained behind his sweep- 
ing pen a heart as tender and 
kindly as a woman's. 

It is upon his prose works that 
the name and fame of Poe chiefly 

In their originality they stand 
out alone, unique, unapproached, 
and unapproachable. A singular 
faculty of this giant mind seems 
to be his wonderful power of 
analysis. So greatly was this 
power developed that it was his 
favorite mental recreation to solve 
the most difficult cryptograms 
that mind could construct, or in- 
genuity could invent. He be- 
lieved that what the human mind 
has put together the human mind 
can solve. 

The artistic arrangement of facts, 
that wonderful power which he 
throws around his works and the 
strange fascination belong solely 
to Poe. The power of suggestive- 
ness — intimating more than is said, 
give to his works a peculiar and a 
forcible charm. That attention 
to details which in war made Na- 
poleon the kingly master of mod- 
ern Europe when applied to litera- 
ture made Edgar A. Poe the king 
of American Letters. 

It seems to have been the mis- 
fortune of Genius in all ages to 
have been poor. 



From the time that blind Homer 
went a begging down to the pres- 
ent, want and misery have ever 
been ready to harrass and torture 
the discipline of letters. 

Irving made scarce a support by 
his gifted pen, while Timrod died 
in South Carolina within the past 
two decades for want of the neces- 
saries of life. 

Cradled in the lap of want and 
nursed by stern necessity, Poe 
knew early and late the stings of 
Poverty and the pangs of Need. 
Fate, like a black cloud, seemed 
ever hovering over his pathway, 
ready to blight his brightest hope 
or wither his fondest ambition, 
while man in his littleness must 
needs assail that greatness to 
which he could never aspire and 
could scarce understand. 

The petty authors to whom Poe 
had weighed out merited justice 
in stripping them of false preten- 
sions never forgave him, but like 
an eager flock of vultures were 
ever ready to assail a weak point 
in their enemy. Perhaps the 
character of no man has in the 
centuries been so cruelly and so 
heartlessly assailed as Poe. Even 
his purest dreams were assailed 
by the blackening tongues of his 
enemies and his regard for pure 
woman was turned into a jest, yet 
amidst the rivalries, the deceit and 
the follies of men his life went in 
and out like the streams among 
the hills on which he was nur- 

tured — darkened by the shadow 
of the forest but pure and ui 

His mind was like a beautifi 
jewel placed in a setting of fra 
and feathery glass. The settin 
was too delicate to bear the storm 
of life, and crumbled in the tria 
of adversity, yet the radiance c 
that jewel is not lost and its brigh 
ness to-day shines forth from h 
pages with a mellow splendor. 

If ever the recording angt 
dropped a tear and blotted th 
sins of mortal from the celesti^j 
record, surely that man must hav 
been Edgar A. Poe. 

The influence of such a geniu 
can scarcely be measured. It ui 
loosed from its shackles and bond 
the literature of America an 
made it known throughout th 
cultured world ; Germany, Franc* 
vine-clad Italy and the icy steppe 
of Russia have Known and apprt 
ciated the genius of Poe an 
thereby learned to respect ou 
literature. Together with thi 
names of Cable, Timrod and Fu 
ler the name of E. A. Poe reflect 
the highest credit upon the Soutl 
These were the pioneers of Liter; 
ture in the South, who, like th 
pioneers in Nature endured th 
toils and privations that futur 
generations might rise up and ca 
them blessed. 

Within the temple of Fam 
there is a niche, garlanded wit 
immortelles and perfumed b; 



ensers "swung by unseen hands" 
acred to the memory of Edgar 
dlan Poe, and the Muse, with 
owed head and draped lyre, sits 
ear, while the Graces, with "foot- 
teps tinkling on the tufted floor" 
ome to do honor to his memory. 

Yet while his spirit has crossed to 
the "night's dark Plutonian shore" 
his songs and writings will live as 
long as the Beautiful has .power 
to soothe and as long as the golden 
lyre of Poesy has power to sway 
the hearts of men. MlGMA. 




E. P. Withers. 

' — C/ESAR said " Vent, vidi, 
met." We can only say, " Vent, 
vidi, victus-sum." 

— Just listen at the Salem 
Academy! " Withering breeze" ! 
Great goodness ! This is worse 
than ever. We are utterly crushed. 

— WOULD'NT it be a sight to 
see the Greensboro girls clinging 
to our exchange editor during an 
earthquake. Wish they would 
cling to us. We'd hold the dear 
little darlings just right. 

— Mr. Grover Cleveland is 
severely afflicted with rheumatism. 
This is not Mr. Cleveland's only 
disease. He has got what is 
familiarly known as the "big 
head" bad. And Mr. Cleveland is 
not the only man similarly af- 

— THERE is a good deal being 
said about the New South in the 
newspapers, and H. W. Grady has 
made himself famous by a speech 
on this subject. This" is all very 
good, but the gallantry, chivalry 
and manhood of the Old South 
will never be surpassed. 

— We would about as soon be 
sent to the penitentiary as to a 

female college, and we do sympa' 
thize with the poor girls who have 
to endure the frowns of their 
learned professors, and who can't 
see a boy. This last thing "gets' 
the girls bad. 

— It is a dangerous business 
editing anything, especially a col- 
lege magazine. We have made 
more people mad in the last fouri 
months than any two men in thi<* 
country, and during Christmas we 
were nearly annihilated. We go 
armed now. 

— The spirit of the age is to 
wards sensationalism in every- 
thing. Newspapers publish glar- 
ing, filthy accounts of every scan- 
dal, divorce, murder or any inde- 
cent slush that they can gather 
up. The New York dailies lead 
in this, and the World, great paper 
though it is, is the worst of them 

— We have been trying our best 
to get up a mash on some of these 
girl editors that run these female 
college magazines but we can't do 
it, and we have come to the con- 
clusion that they are all married 
and are teachers instead of the 



— The manuscript for this de- 
artment was lost by a brother 
ditor and we were notified to get 
up again in one night. This 
xplains in part its rather inferior 
uality. The other part is ex- 
lained by our lack of ability. 
Ve hoped to be excused on these 

„ ihou fair and festive Flora, 
right as sunny day in May; 
ptly named for joyous flowers, 
wreet as nectar from their buds. 

i.isses melt from off thy glowing 
ips, like incense from a fairy's 
J brine. And on thy head a glorious 
1'ieen, — so soft, so lovely, — sure I've 
/ever seen the like before. 

j * * * * * 

ineeling at thy feet I offer 

ove from off the flaming altar 

f my captive, 'chanted heart. 
i r ilt thou take it, fairy Flora? 

1 O horrors ! She rung a chest- 
'utbell! MlGMA. 

— The recent oration of Mr. 
lenry W. Grady in New York 
as been praised and commented 
pon throughout the nation. Mr. 
h-rady is proprietor of the At /anta 
constitution (to which Joel Chand- 
i*r Harris — "Uncle Remus" — is a 
ontributor). We are glad, sincerely 
lad, that he has so distinguished 
imself and it is truly gratifying 
d know that, as he puts it, 

Mason and Dixon's line is wiped 
ut forever" and that our South- 

ern talent meets its proper recog- 
nition at the north. Generously, 
two of the leading New York dai- 
lies have nominated him for Vice- 
President in 1888. We want to 
see him get it. He is an able 
man, he is a southerner and he is 
an editor. We are especially 
pleased when a newspaper man 
rises to any great honor. It shows 
a progressive spirit among the 
people and that not he alone who 
turns the cunning phrase of law is 
born to sit in high places. Now, 
as to the matter of that speech, it 
was a mixture of the beautiful 
word-painting of Major Daniel 
with the terseness and the rollick- 
ing humor of Zeb. Vance. Al- 
though it is highly praised, still it 
is not unjustly so, for it embodies 
the very soul of the broad, pro- 
gressive " New South." 

— SENIOR beavers, the girls de- 
clare, are " just too lovely" ! One 
of the class while visiting Salem 
Academy entrusted his to the 
hands of a young lady. Sheacci- 
dently rumpled it and said " O, I 
wouldn't have done it for the 
world, do let me smooth it." Un- 
fortunately she " smoothed" it the 
wrong way and he says when he 
came out that it looked like a 
" friezling chicken" that had been 
left a poor, pitiful orphan and had 
seen hard times. This sad calami- 
ty is used to point a moral : — 
never entrust your beaver or any- 
thing soft (your heart, for instance) 



to the fair sex, — for they'll surely 
rumple it. 

— Miss Mary N. Murfree— 
" Charles Egbert Craddock" has 
just issued a new novel " In the 
Clouds." It comes from the pub- 
lishing house of Houghton, Mif- 
flin & Co. We are proud of "Chas. 
Egbert Craddock" as a Southern 
writer 4 Sometime ago we gave a 
short history of her in our Review 
Department. Next month we 
shall give a review of this latest 

— It is reported that " Chris- 
tian Reid" will soon issue another 
-volume, through the house of D. 
Appleton & Co. 

Gaily the clouds were dancing 
On Heaven's star-studded floor, 

And spreading their sails they vanished, 
Like vessels leaving the shore. 

Softly the wind was blowing, 

Bearing on its downy wing 
The odors it had stolen 

From the blushing flowers of Spring. 

Gently the flowers were nodding, 

Bowing in mimic glee, 
Bending to th' breeze with graceful ease, 

And smiling in mockery. 

And the moon-light, softly falling, 

Revealed my Annie's face, 
Blushing like the clouds at sun-set, 

In Apollo's warm embrace. 

I told her the old, old story. 
And a blush was my only reply ; 

I sealed my bliss with a lingering kiss, — 
I did not do wrong, did I ? 

Gently the breezes whispered, 

Softly the roses sighed, 
Gaily the cloudlets glided 

O'er the heavens wide. 

But not the wind's soft murmur, 

Nor yet the roses' sigh, 
Disturbed our boundless happiness — 

My peerless Annie and I. 

And days and years have vanished, 

Like mist o'er a distant hill; 
Friends have come and friends have left us' 

Crushed in the Century's cruel mill. 

But oft we sit in the moon-light, 
And think of the days of yore, 

Bright they rise before our eyes, 
Like dreams of Heaven's shore. 

A Chat on The Shore of Life's Sea. 

Let us sit down here, friend, or 
the shore of Life's sea and tall; 
awhile. Just over the hill yondei 
we can see the glistening of its 
waters, every moment the roar oi 
its breakers becomes more deafen 
ing and even now some of the 
spray from its restless waves falls 
at our feet. Soon we must launch 
our frail bark upon the bosom of 
this restless sea and fight for life 
with its hungry waves. See how 
they roll and tumble in their wild 
restlessness. Would it not be 
better to ride at ease in an harbor 
near the shore, with the birds 
singing around and flowers bloom- 
ing within reach? No. Though our 
boat be wrecked upon the first 
shoal, we must go; the heart burns 
to mingle in the wild conflict. 



iome noble vessels we see out 
here as they gallantly ride the 
/aves ; on they go, and all danger 
3 forgotten in the strong desire 
o follow in their glorious course. 

Others we see that seem to 
lave stemmed the tide for many 

day. The rigging is in disorder, 
he tattered sails hang loosely 
..gainst the masts, and even while 
/e are looking some of them sink. 
r or a moment the waters are dis- 
urbed where they sink, but soon 

huge wave sweeps over the spot 

and there is nothing to tell us the 
place. Still other vessels we see 
out there, but they are drifting — 
drifting at the wild waves' will 
heedless of the clouds that gather 
above, caring not for the storm 
that rushes by ; they are drifting, 
only drifting. Ah ! it is a fearful 
thing to see these vessels driven 
by winds they cannot control, 
wrecked by a power that is*higher 
than they, and still — but away 
with gloomy thoughts, let us 
cheerily launch our boat. E. 



Personal Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 

— "Mr. K. Smith!" Echo. 

— "F. H. N.," "D. B. P.," "G. 
P. R." — the immortal trio. See 
catalogue for '85-'86. 

— " Father Wade, were you ex- 
cited at the fire?" "Not a bit 
more than I am now." 

— " Dutchy" has superceded his 
father in the affections of that 
girl, and is to be married in Feb- 

—P. B. Manning ('86), now of 
Wilmington Graded School, spent 
a week on the Hill during holi- 
days. He is the same " P. B." in 
more respects than one, we infer. 

— E. C. Register, one of our old 
students, was lately married to 
Miss Lizzie, daughter of Judge 
W. J. Montgomery. 

— A. D. Ward ('85) is now prac- 
tising his chosen profession of law 
in Keenansville, " Duplin county, 
with very fair prospects. 

— The marriage ceremony of 
Mr. E. A. Alderman (class '82) 
and Miss Emma Graves, sister of 
our Professor of Mathematics, was 
celebrated here on Wednesday 
morning, December 29. 

— Rev. R. B. John ('8o(?) and 
Miss Atwater were joined in wedj 
lock at the residence of the bride's^ 
father, on December 30. Revi 
Mr. John was assigned the charge 
of one of the Methodist churches 
in Raleigh by the last Conference. 

— Mr. H. H. Williams, who took 
A. M. at the University in '83, is| 
lecturing in this State. The sub- 
ject of his lecture is Martin Lu- 
ther, and his treatment of it has 
been highly commended by alL 
who have heard it. 

— The University Railroad has 
been honored with an accident. 
The reason no one was more se- 
riously hurt was because of the 
rate of travel on this road, which 
has been estimated variously at 
between five and ten miles an; 

The people of Chapel Hill 
were shocked on the morning of 
the day before Xmas, at the falli 
of Prof. Toy from his horse, sus- 
taining thereby a very serious in- 
jury. We are glad to say that he 
is recovering, though gradually, 
yet we hope permanently. 

— Christmas afternoon the alarm 



f fire was given, and it was ascer- 

lined that Dr. Hume's residence 

as on fire. A crowd quickly as- 

;mbled and took out the furni- 

ire. The fire could not be put 

ut for lack of something to work 

ith. We know it was a sad sight 

;D many of the older inhabitants 

:'ho better knew of its associa- 

; ons to see the old historic build- 

lg burned to the ground. 

— A member of the present 
unior class in his Freshman year 
ot a low grade on Greek. A short 
'me afterward the following con- 
versation took place between him 
'rid the good old Professor of 
•reek. Student : " Professor, I 
ieclare I'm surprised at my mark 
\r\ Greek. I certainly thought to 

better than that. That mark 
ill pull my average down mighty 
>w." Professor : " Well, Mr. L., 
; hat did you get on Latin ?" 
tudent : "I got 84, sir." Profes- 
)r : " What did you get on Math- 
'matics?" Student: "I — I — well — 

le fact is, I didn't do so well on 

1 . 

lat. I didn t quite get through." 

[rofessor : "Well, Mr. L., you 
hust study real hard, and perhaps 
iou'11 raise your average next 

— One of our students has the 
onvenient characteristic of look- 
lg furiously angry when he in- 
uires after his mark. Expecting 
) fall on a certain study, he called 
fn the Professor, and fortunately 

had assumed that convenient 
countenance. The Professor 
sprang up very much excited, and 
exceedingly polite, when the stu- 
dent blurted forth- -" Professor, 
what'd I get?" Professor (very 
pale) : " I'm very sorry, sir, but 
there was a good many obverse 
considerations to take account of 
in your mark. I wanted to give 
you more, but under the circum- 
stances I thought 74 would " — 
Student: "Thank you, sir ! Good 

— Everybody was excited at the 
fire, and we didn't see but one or 
two that knew what they were 
doing. Even Father W M who has 
chased Indians on the Texas 
plains, lost his presence of mind 
and pitched a box of china out 
of the window and bravely rescued 
three obstinate turnips that were 
hiding away in one corner trying 
to be roasted, so we hear. One 
of our citizens, who has a com- 
manding voice, holloed to " Pul- 
let" and "Crab" to take up a desk 
weighing near 300 pounds and 
carry it away. "Pullet" declined, 
but guarded manfully a barrel of 

-"James Robert, do you ever 
drink anything?" "Well, some- 
times, Josh — during Christmas." 
"Well, I've sent after two gallons 
of the best old stuff you ever 
tasted. Come around to my room 
in about two hours." "All right, 



Josh; what is it?"' "Some of the 
best old 'simmon and locust beer 
you ever tasted." 

— They say that "Col." Steele 
got 70 on one study. He was so 
proud of it that he would stand 
and look at the bulletin for an 
hour at a time. Then he would 
just happen there again presently 
and look in at the door and ask, — 
if any one was at the bulletin, — 
what he got on the particular 
study. On being told that he got 
70, "Colonel" would very careless- 
ly remark — Yes, he expected he 
would get a right good mark, as 
he was making a specialty of that. 
It was even asserted that the bul- 
letin board had as great an attrac- 
tion for him as the great "Round 
Rock" beef market, in which place 

of business he takes a fostering in 

— Through the efforts of Mi 
R. G. Grissom, mainly, the Shak 
speare Club of the University ha: 
become a reality, and by no mean: 
the least factor for good in the 
institution. A room has beeij 
fitted up for the library of th<| 
Club, and donations and loan o 
books are earnestly solicited. W«j 
offer no commendation on thoso 
who have been instrumental in es 
tablishing and promotingthe inter 
ests of the club; for the club itsel: 
and its fruits, we are persuaded 
will be a juster testimonial to the 
honor they deserve at the hand> 
of all who are interested in Eng 
lish literature than anything we 
can say. 



Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery 

i'HE University Magazine to 
' its Brethren of the Exchange 
i World, Greeting : 

r hile systems change and suns retire and 
^orlds slumber and wake, 
;imes ceaseless march proceeds. 

1 The year eighteen hundred and 
'ighty six is numbered among the 
■ears that were, but are no more. 

Time rolls on, 


tike the swell of some sweet tune, 
horning rises into noon, 
,<iay glides onward into June. 

Another volume of the book of 
me has been closed, sealed and 
s contents are ready to be trans, 
litted by the historian to the 
enerations that are to come. 

The new year has been ushered 
l and it finds our Magazine still 
imong the things that are. It is 
i:ill a representative of the inter- 
'sts of our University. At its 
last head float the banner of U. 
|. C, and it is our desire to make 
; worthy of the grand old Insti- 
Jtion whose interests it repre- 
;nts. Indeed the interests of the 
Iniversity are the interests of the 
lAGAZINE. The interests of the 
Iagazine are the interests of the 
Jniversity and of all connected 

therewith. We are sorry to con- 
fess that we do not receive that 
support which we claim our MAGA- 
ZINE deserves. We receive no 
material aid whatever from those 
who should give their warmest 
and most hearty support to the 
representative journal of their 
Alma Mater. For this, however,, 
we attach no blame to ourselves. 
We gave them ample opportunity. 
Our consciences are at rest. No 
remorse ; no sting ! 

We have worked faithfully. We 
have performed our duty to the 
extent of our ability. We have 
worked honestly, and it is a source 
of much pleasure to us to know 
that our efforts are appreciated by 
those who are capable of passing 
judgment upon our work. The 
favorable criticisms that reach us 
not only from the press of our 
own State but from the representa- 
tive journals of other colleges of 
our country give us much encour- 
agement in our determination to 

With renewed hopes, therefore,, 
do we enter upon the duties of 
the New Year — and with deter- 
mined resolution — we propose to 



succeed if success is possible, des- 
pite the indifference of our alumni. 
Now, Ladies and Gentlemen of 
the Ex. World, it has been the 
desire of the present staff of edi- 
tors that our Magazine be on 
friendly terms with all our ex- 
changes. So far, our hopes have 
been realized and the New Year 
finds us proclaiming, " Peace on 
earth and good will toward all 
men." It is true we have had 
some little "spats' at times but 
they have been of a friendly na- 
ture, and such always prove to be 
"the life of trade." We wish for 
each of you all the success imagi- 
nable — a long, happy and prosper- 
ous life — 

"For you may life's calm stream unruffled 

run ; 
For you its roses bloom, without a thorn 
And bright as morning shine its evening sun !" 

We greet you! 

— Since the last issue of our 
Magazine, we have received 
many representative exchanges, 
among which we note the follow- 
ing : Brooklyn Magazine ; Niagara 
Index ; The Aegis ; Phrenological 
Journal ; Muhlenburgh Monthly; 
University Reporter ; Pacific Pha- 
ros ; Pennsylvania College Month- 
ly ; Cornell Sun ; The Messenger; 
Swarthmore Phcenix ; College Jour- 
nal ; The Occident ; The Antioch- 
ian ; S. C. Collegian; Southern 
University Monthly ; Weekly Uni- 
versity Courier ; Southern Bivouac; 

Virginia University Magazine; Th 
University, of New York ; T/\ 
Lmcolnian ; Texas University 
University Monthly ; Miami J ou, 
nal ; Davidson Monthly; Th 
Academy; North Carolina Teachei 
Wake Forest Student ; The Oat 
leaf ; College Message, and othen 
Among our State papers it is ou 
privilege to exchange with th 
News and Observer ; State Chroi, 
icle; Biblical Recorder; The J out 
nal; Asheville Citizen ; Wilmini 
ton Star ; Twin-City Daily an* 1 
others. We cheerfully exchang 
with them all. 

— From the far distant Texa 
have we received words of chee 
and encouragement. The Texa, 
University has reached us. M^ 
brother, we greet you ! Here's ou, 
hand. We shake. May succes, 
as heretofore ever crown you 
efforts. May you shine ever sc 
brightly as does the Lone Star ir 
the western horizon of our granc 
galaxy of States. 

— And Catawba College of oui 
State is to have a journal. Tht 
College Visitor. The first numbei 
of this paper is upon our desk. It 
makes a good beginning and we 
wish for it long and continued 

— We acknowledge receipt of 
the Branson Almanac for 1887. 
It is a valuable reference book. 


20 r 

Ir. Branson is a native of our 
tate and is acquainted with 
very minutiae. Having traveled 
ver the State many times in cora- 
ieting his State Directory, he is 
minently qualified to calculate 
nd publish a superior Almanac. 
'en cents invested in Branson's 
Umanac brings much information 
if value. 

(I — A student in want of money 
old his books and wrote home: 
[ Father, rejoice ! I am now de- 
lving my support from litera- 
ure." — Ex. 

— " Is your son studying the 
£ inguages?" inquired the visitor, 
J i Mrs. Bently, whose son George 
! ; at college. "Oh, yes," Mrs. 
Jently replied ; " it was only yes- 
'srday that he writ home for 
"loney to buy a German student 
kmp and a French clock ?" — Ex. 

II To My Partner at Whist. 

'/h lovely Queen, all diamond decked. 

Hear my audacious prayer, 
r else the Deuce will take your Jack 

And plunge him in despair. 
i»o not deceive him, or betray 

A love till late so shrinking, 
jfl lead him on to throtv atvay 
His life in cards or drinking. 

1 o Knavish tricks my %ame shall show, 
) But bold my suit I'll press, 
i,nd force your heart to echo to 
My own— a sweet finesse. 

j hen happier than Kings we'll be, 
\ If never heretofore, 
nd when the judgment trump shall play 
' Love all will be the score. Ex. 

— The Columbia Bicycle calen- 
dar for '87, just issued by the Pope 
Manufacturing Company, of Bos- 
ton, is a truly artistic and elegant 
work in chromo-lithography and 
the letter-press. Each day of the 
year appears upon a separate slip, 
with a quotation pertaining to 
'cycling from prominent person- 
ages. On the first slip we find 
the following from Oliver Wendell 

" Then tread away, my gallant boys, 
And make the axle fly ! 
Why should not wheels go round about, 
Like planets in the sky?" 

This calendar is worthy of a 
place in every office, library or 

— We have again received the 
Niagara Index. It seems that 
developments are still going on 
since our last issue. However, we 
await the time when the technical 
name of the animal is discovered 
before we make a full report. Let 
the good work continue. 

— The holiday number of The 
North Carolina Teacher speaks 
well for the push and energy of 
its editor. It is an excellent jour- 
nal of its kind, and deserves the 
hearty support of all friends of 
education in the Old North State. 

— The Southern Bivouac for De- 
cember contains a number of orig- 
inal and striking articles, and is 



a magazine which neither the 
North or the South would hesi- 
tate to claim. 

The first article, illustrated, is a 
description of the origin and gen- 
esis of the trotter, and it is accom- 
panied by a number of instructive 
tables. The article is written by 
John Duncan, and its interest will 
not be confined to those concern- 
ed in the improvement of live- 
stock. It is an unusually valua- 
ble and suggestive article. 

The article to which nearlyevery 
reader will first turn relates to the I 
Northwestern Conspiracy. It is 
the introduction to a complete j 
history of this episode of the war, j 
and contains the letters of in- 
struction and the commissions is- s 
sued to the Confederate Commis- 
sioners. The cipher used is also 
given, with an account of the 
manner in which the Commis- 
sioners ran the blockade These 
papers will equal in historical in- 
terest and exceed in personal ad- 
venture any war papers yet pub- 

Another important contribution 
to history is the paper containing 
some unpublished letters of Jef- 
ferson. These letters contain a 
number of valuable historical 
events and personal items of in- 
terest, and will be read with pleas- 

The stories and sketches are all 

up to the high standard of mod; 
ern magazine literature. 

The December Bivouac more 
than sustains its well-earned repu 
tation for enterprise and goot 

— T h e Phrenological Journal ant 
Science of Health, in its Novem 
ber number, opened with a bio 
graphical and phrenological sketel 
and an admirable portrait of Ed 
ward S. Morse, President of thtj 
American Science Association 
"George Elliot and Phrenology'' is 
short and sweet, and very inter, 
esting to all students of mind. 
Hand-writing as indicative of 
character is also considered. "Ouf 
Faith" is a very touching poem 
it contains. The number is indeed 

— Christmas stories, merry jin- 
gles and bright holiday articles 
vie with each other in the Decern 
ber Brooklyn Magazine, which 
takes on a special and handsome 
Christmas cover for this issue. 
One scarcely knows what bright 
piece of song or story to read 
first, so varied and full is the table 
of contents offered. Mrs. Harriet 
Prescott Spofford opens the feast 
with a spirited and delightful de- 
scription of "Christmas in New 
England" during the time of the 
Puritans and now. Following this 
comes one of those exquisite bits 
of verse to which Miss Edith 
M. Thomas's talents are so well 



iapted, entitled " Northern Heart 
Southern Clime." A most in- 
vesting article is contributed by 
/illiam Perry Browne, descriptive 
: "A Christmas in the Tennessee 
fountains, " sketching the meth- 
|s adopted by the mountaineers 
celebrating the year's festival, 
new writer, Edward Irving, tePs 
graphic and powerful short story, 
Which Was It ?" which will 
jouse intense curiosity wherever 
ad, being very similar to Mr. 
jockton's "The Lady or the Ti- 
ir?" This story alone is worth 
[e price of the magazine. Dr. 
(■mage has a brief and charac- 
ristic article on "Christmas 
tills," and Florence L. Snow and 
^phie L. Schenck have each a 
i-ristmas story, both cleverly told 
d full of interest. Bessie Chan- 
;r, Lee C. Harby, George Birds- 
]e, Thomas S. Collier add each 

a Christmas poem, while Mr. Wil- 
liam H. Rideing closes his series 
of gossipy papers on "The Royal 
Navy of Great Britain." Flora 
Adams Darling continues her ab- 
sorbing novelette of "A Social 
Diplomat," and Mrs. Henry Ward 
Beecher goes into a retrospective 
mood in "After-Thoughts of My 
Visit Abroad." Then come arti- 
cles on "Neatness in Dress at 
Home," "Gypsies as Musicians/' 
"ChristmasCharity," "Seven Ways 
of Marrying." "The Closing of 
the Year," and in addition to all 
this there is given eight sermons 
of Mr. Beecher and Dr. Talmage, 
as specially revised by themselves 
for this publication. Our readers 
would do well to bear the Brook- 
lyn in mind when making up their 
magazine list for the new year, es- 
pecially as it costs only $2 per 
year. 7 Murray street, New York. 






Stephen B. Weeks. 

— The session closed December 
22 and re-opened January 5. 

— The windows of the library 
and reading-room have been paint- 
ed. This will help to keep the 
books from fading. They have 
suffered much already. 

— In the final examination Mc- 
Gehee received 100 on Psychology; 
George Howell and Alexander 
Mclver, Jr., 100 each on reading 
Latin at sight ; H. B. Shaw, 100 
on Algebra. 

— The Methodist Conference 
sent Rev. Joseph R. Griffith to 
this place for this year. He is a 
Virginian, born in Richmond in 
1838, and graduated at Randolph- 
Macon College in i860, along with 
Minister Thomas J. Jarvis. He 
was soon after elected President 
of the Carolina Female Institute, 
in Anson county, and joined the 
South Carolina Conference. In 
1866 he became President of Dav- 
enport Female College, and joined 
the North Carolina Conference. 
He is earnest in his work. His 
sermons are not cut and dried ; he 
seems to feel what he says, and 
this is always the best and only 

means to draw the attention of aii 

-Drs. W. P. and G. H. Mallet 
have opened a .medical school a' 
their office, and will give lectured 
preparatory to entering a medical 
college. They are accomplishec 
physicians, by far the best in the 
village, and we have no doubt bui 
that they will make good instruc 

— All honor to the five mei 
who did not study Chemistry 01 
Sunday, in preparation for the las' 
examination, which took plao. 
Monday. They were : W. M' 
Curtis, H. L. Harris, L. L. Lit 
tle, C A. Webb and G. S. Wills; 

—We were given a very excel] 
lent lecture on Martin Luther no; 
long since by Mr. H. H. Williams 
now of Yale University. He hat 
visited Germany, and adds thi. 
authority of one who has seen tht 
places and studied the events o 
which he tells.' Mr. Williams is 
member of the class of 1883, an< 
was the first man to take M. A 
under the new regime. He waj 
Professor of German and Greek if 
Trinity College, N. C, for a yeai 
and during that time spent a sum 



ler in Germany. He is now a 
tudent in the Theological depart- 
lent of Yale University. 

—The Editor of this Depart- 
ment had the misfortune to lose 
11 of his MS. for this number 
jhile it was on its way to the 
rinters in Raleigh. This neces- 
itated his getting up everything 
new, and on short notice. He 
eturns thanks to Bro. Long, of the 
taff, for assistance. The mail de- 
partment bet ween here and Raleigh 
; sadly out of joint somewhere, 
'his is by no means the first case; 
ne of the editors had a letter 
Tailed him here ; it reached him 
nly after having visited Raleigh. 
Another wrote a letter to Raleigh 
nd it had not reached there at 
he end of the second day, and a 
arge number of our MAGAZINES 
an't get to Greensboro. There is 
omething wrong somewhere. It 
nust lie between this post-office, 
he mail-agent and the office in 
Raleigh. There should be a 
horough investigation made, 
iomebody ought to be turned out 
f office. Perhaps if we had a 
ttle more Civil Service down here 
: would be of advantage to us all. 

The Railroad Accident. — The 

rain was coming in on Thursday 
vening, December 14, had crossed 
II the trestles but two, and was 
'ithin half a mile of the depot, 
men the engine jumped the track 
nd went down on one side and 

the single car attached on the 
other. The trestle at this point 
is about fifteen feet high. The 
fireman was severely scalded ; no 
others were seriously hurt. The 
partition in the car was jarred out 
by the fall, and this knocked over 
the stove and lamps. By the time 
the passengers made their escape 
everything was on fire and the 
fear of two kegs of powder pre- 
vented any effort being made to 
extinguish the flames. The bag- 
gage, mail and express was all 
consumed. It seems not much 
short of miraculous that the in- 
juries sustained were so few and 
so slight. 

Professor Toy. — On the 23rd 
of December the students and 
villagers were shocked by the 
news of a serious accident to 
Professor Toy. He was out on 
his accustomed horse-back ride, 
and losing control of his horse, 
was carried by the frightened ani- 
mal down Main street and thrown 
off at the corner of Dr. Mallett's 
yard. Blood flowed freely from 
his ear and for some days it was 
feared he would not survive the 
injury. His brother, Dr. Toy, of 
Harvard was telegraphed for and 
soon came. Careful nursing and 
skilled medical attention, we are 
glad to say, have restored him and 
he is now able to be out. Such 
an accident to so courteous a gen- 
tleman and so popular a teacher 



enlisted the sympathy of all and 
his speedy recovery is hailed with 

Marriages. — At the Methodist 
church on the evening of Decem- 
ber 9, by Rev. A. W. Mangum, 
D.D., Mr. Braxton Craig, a former 
member of the class of '84, was 
married to Miss Helen Wilson. 
The ushers were Messrs. Frank 
M. Harper and B. F. Tyson. 

At the residence of the bride's 
father, on December 23, Mr. Wm. 
H. Thompson, of Raleigh (con- 
ductor on the Raleigh & Augusta 
Air-Line Railroad), was united in 
marriage to Miss Bettie Black- 
wood, Rev. E. S. Alderman, offi- 

December 30, at the residence of 
Edmund Atwater.Esq., eight miles 
from the village, Rev. Roderick 
Belton John, class '80, of Raleigh, 
formerly of Chapel Hill, was mar- 
ried to Miss Sallie Atwater, Rev. 
B. R. Hall performing the cere- 

In the Presbyterian church, on 
December 29, Mr. Edward A. Al- 
derman, class '82, and Miss Emma 
Graves, sister of Prof. Ralph H. 
Graves, of the University, were 
made one, Rev. John S. Watkins, 
D. D., of Raleigh, performing the 
ceremony. The attendants were 
F. B. Dancyand Miss Nina Jones, 
Frank K. Borden and Miss Mary 
Anderson, Trios. H. Battle and 
Miss Lizzie Hobgood, Master 

Ralph H. Graves, Jr., and Miss El- 
len Alexander. The ushers Messrs. 
F. M. Parker, Jr., and E. P. .Man- 

Christmas and its Doings. — 

Dr. Harris and lady gave a so- 

The holidays passed away very 

There was a masquerade ball at 
the Askew house. 

The number of students who re- 
mained here was smaller than usual. 

There were some gymnastic 
performances by Smith, Mangum 
and Perry. 

There were no mock Faculty 
meetings, no mock . Christmas 
trees, no mock recitations, nor 
anything of the kind. The rail- 
road accident, Prof. Toy's misfor- 
tune, and the fire, seemed to have 
thrown a feeling of gloom overall. 

There were quite a number of 
visitors in the village. We no- 
ticed : Crawford H. Toy, D. D., 
LL. D., Professor of Oriental Lan- 
guages in Harvard College; Hen- 
ry E. Shepherd, LL. D., Presi- 
dent of Charleston (S. C.) College ; 
Mrs. Shepherd and daughter, Miss 
Lillie; Miss Cary Leazer, Moores- 
ville; Mr. Waller Martin, Onslow 
county; Miss Hallie Morrison, 
Rockbridge Baths, Va.; Miss 'Mai- 
ne Graves, Mount Airy ; Miss Bes-j 
sie Alexander, Charlotte ; Miss 
Nina D. Jones, Charlotte ; Miss 
Ezdale Shaw, Laurinburg; Miss 



Mary John, Laurinburg ; Samuel 
F. Phillips, LL. D., Washington, 
D. C. 

Miss Lillie Long spent the va- 
cation at home from Greensboro 
Female College ; Miss Fannie 
Cunninggim from Peace Insti- 
tute ; Miss Mary Lee Martin 
from St. John's Hospital, Ral- 
eigh; Prof. A. W. Long from 
Trinity College ; E. P. Mangum 
from Kinston. 

Of the Editors, Hackett and 
Withers spent the holidays under 
the paternal roof, Long was in 
Winston, Dockery was on the 
Hill and studied, Johnie, he was 
here also and he . 

Commencement Officers. — 

The election for Representatives, 
Marshals and Ball Managers for 
the Commencement of 1887 was 
held January 15. There was the 
usual amount of wire-working and 
quill-driving, caucusing, nomina- 
tions and reconsiderations. The 
morning — a bright and glorious 
one — was introduced by a little 
fisticuff encounter between two 
members of one of the " Grand 
Old Parties." The die was cast ; 
one side had to lose; and disap- 
pointment could be seen on many 
faces, but this has now all disap- 
peared, and we think it would 
have been difficult to have select- 
ed a more competent set of stu- 
dents to fill the several places. 

The Representatives are:- — 

Di Society — J. R. Parker, Gra- 
ham ; John A. Hendricks, Jeru- 
salem ; James Lee Crowell, Biles- 

Phi. Society — O. Douglas Batch- 
elor, Nashville; Logan D. Howell, 
Goldsboro ; H. F. Murphy, South 

Marshals— Chief, William M. 
Little (Di Society), Little's Mills. 

Subs. — (Di).John S.Hill,Faison ; 
Wilson Red fern, Wadesboro ; S. 
Kell, Pineville; D. J. Currie, 

Phi. — Benoni Thorp, Granville 
county; Clinton W. Toms, Hert- 
ford; Mills R. Eure, Norfolk, Va.; 
Wm. M. Gulick, Oxford. 

Ball Managers — Chief, Frank M. 
Parker, Jr., (Phi Society), Enfield. 

Subs. (Di) — A. C. Shaw, Laur- 
inburg; J. W. Wilson, Jr., Mor- 
ganton ; H. W. Scott, Graham. 

Phi. — W. E. Borden, Goldsboro; 
Henry Johnston, Tarboro; H. G. 
Wood, Edenton. 

School of Normal Instruction. 

— Prof. N. B. Henry, of the school 
of Normal Instruction, began at 
the opening of the present term 
of the University, January 5th, 
1887, to give the following special 
course to those teachers who de- 
sire to avail themselves of the 
classes in Pedagogics but do not 
care to pursue studies in any of 
the regular courses: 

1. Methods of Teaching the 



Common School Branches. The 
lectures will be illustrated by 
actual class work affording a good 

2. The Art of School Manage- 
ment, including course of study, 
school regulations, daily pro- 
gramme, school hygiene, qualifi- 
cations of the teacher, etc. 

3. Methods of Culture, or a 
short course in Psychology, with 
special reference to teaching. 

4. History of Education and 
Educators. Emphasis will be 
placed upon modern education. 

5. Elocution, including the 
Methods of Teaching it. One 
lecture a week, illustrated with 
class drills. 

6. The class will meet on Mon- 
day evening of each week for the 
discussion of special subjects re- 
quiring original investigation. 

The course affords sixteen 
hours per week of class work. It 
will require from twenty-five to 
thirty hours of preparation. 
Should a student find that it does 
not occupy all of his time, the 
twenty-five thousand volumes in 
the Library will afford him a rare 
opportunity to pursue a select 
course of reading. 

The term will continue five 
months. The entire cost for 
board, books, washing, tuition, 
stationery, etc., need not exceed 
seventy--five dollars, and may be 
even less than this. 

The Fire. — On Christmas day 
the large dwelling on Main street 
known as the Swain House and 
occupied by Dr. Hume was en- 
tirely destroyed by fire. It was 
the property of the University. 
Loss about $2,000, no insurance. 

The origin of the fire is unknown. 

The kitchen was in flames when 
discovered and was nearly con- 
sumed before the shed at the 
southeast corner caught Confu- 
sion reigned supreme. All the 
furniture was saved, even the 
windows, doors and mantel-pieces 
of the house, so was the office in 
the yard. Much of the furniture 
was scratched and broken by the 
haste in removal. There was plenty 
of time but the people of Chapel 
Hillareunusedtofires. Dr.Hume's 
loss in breakage and in moving 
again amounts tonot lessthan $300. 

This house was built in 1810 
by the widow of William Hoop- 
er, son of the signer of the Dec- 
laration of Independence. She 
was the daughter of James Hogg, 
an early Trustee of the Univer- 
sity, and mother of Dr. William 
Hooper, the celebrated Baptist 
divine. In 1813 President Joseph 
Caldwell married her and moved 
from the house now occupied by 
Prof. Gore to her home, living 
there until his death in 1835. I* 
was then occupied by Rev. Wm. 
Mercer Green, Professor of Rheto- 
ric and Logic until he was elected 
Bishop of Mississippi in 1848. It 



.en became the residence of 
resident Swain, i848-'68. Under 
m " Regime" it was occupied by 
rofessor Patrick. When the 
niversity was re-organized in 
575, Dr. Chas. Phillips, chairman 
: the Faculty, occupied it. Pro- 
ssor J. DeB. Hooper lived there 
om 1878— '85. Dr. Hume had 
\oved in hardly a month before- 
id had just incurred some ex- 
enses in repairs. This was per- 
haps the only house in North 
arolina in which three Presidents 
If the United States, Polk, 
uchanan and Johnson, have 
ept. It was the residence of two 
residents of the University and 
ne acting President, of seven pro- 
^ssorsandof five preachers. There 
re yet standing in the garden two 
rick pillars erected by Dr. Cald- 
r ell to make the meridian of 

longitude. In his days there was 
also an observatory on the top. 
There were many historic asso- 
ciations connected with it, and Dr. 
Charles Phillips remarked, as the 
red lurid flames were enveloping 
it in one vast winding-sheet, that 
it seemed as if his grand-father 
was burning before his eyes. 

A Card. — I wish to express in 
the College Record my sincere 
gratitude for the help so prompt- 
ly rendered by the Faculty and 
students of the University and 
■the people of Chapel Hill on the 
occasion of the fire. It would not 
become me to speak here of 
special acts of kindness and hospi- 
tality that lay me under heartfelt 

Thus. Hume, Jr. 



The College Wo 


=Vassar Alumnae are trying to 
raise $20,000 for a new gymna- 

■ = Every member of the Faculty 
of Amherst College is an alumnus 
of that institution. 

=The Chancellors of the Uni- 
versity of New York and Califor- 
nia each receive $10,000. 

=The University of Pennsyl- 
vania is the oldest institution in 
the country bearing the legal title 
of University. 

=The number of Colleges in the 
United States increases at the rate 
of fifteen per annum. 

=At the Univerisity of Gottin- 
gen, Germany, inallCollege athletic 
sports American students easily 
take the championship. The same 
may be said of most of the other 
German Universities. 

=President Adams, of Cornell 
University, is very much opposed 
to class organization. In a recent 
address to the students of that in- 
stitution he took a decided stand 
in opposition. 

= The Williams Senior Class 
numbers 64. 

^Michigan University has three 
Japanese students. 

=JohnsHopkins University h; 
three hundred and twenty st 

= Hare and Hounds is becon 
ing a very popular sport at Ha 

= President Arthur was a mem 1 
ber of the Psi Upsilon fraternity a 
Union of the class of '49. We be 
lieve that he was the first membe 1 
of a college secret fraternity tj 
attain to the Presidential chair. 

=Fifty years ago a fine of ten 
dollars was imposed on every Harj, 
vard student found in a Bostoi 

=The Chinese Government prel 
sented its complete New Orlean 
exhibit to the University of Mich: 

=Thirty-six States, China, Ha 
waii, India, England, Saxony, J a | 
pan, Mexico, and Turkey, are rep- 
resented at Yale University. 

=A student of Illinois Wes-' 
leyan University has been indefi- 1 
nitely suspended for editing a 
College paper without the consent 
of the Faculty. 

= Henry Ward Beecher's aver- 
age grade at Amherst was but 57 
on a scale of 100. 



=A professor of German re- 
ntly wishing to illustrate the 
stinction between active and 
issive voice to a foreign student 
ked him whether he would be 

,tive or passive if struck by 
mebody. The student naturally 
plied that he would be active. 

=The following is said to be a 
rrect statement of the volumes 
at some of our College and Uni- 

^rsity libraries have : Harvard, 
{4,000 ; Yale, 115,000; Dart- 

c outh, 60,000; Cornell, 53,000; 
'own, 52,000; Columbia, 51,000; 
'illiams, 19,000; Princeton, 49,- 
|> ; Michigan, 41,000; Iowa, 18,- 
o; Oberlin, 16,000; Minnesota, 
,000 ; University of North Caro- 
1a, 20,000. 

=The following is said to be a 
rrect statement in regard to the 
mominational educational insti- 
tions of our country: The Pro- 

•stant Episcopal Church has 
reive colleges with $8,790,000 
idowment ; Congregationalists, 

i/enty-eight colleges with $9,000,- 

•10 endowment ; Presbyterians, 

jrty-one colleges with $7,000,000 

'■idowment ; Baptists, forty-six 

Alleges with $-10,300,000 endow- 
ent ; Methodists, fifty-two col- 

ges with $ 1 1 ,000,000 endowment. 

—We clip the following from 
1 exchange, which gives the 
ite of the founding of the various 

.■lieges named : Harvard Univer- 
:y, 1636; Yale University, 1701; 
•inceton College, 1746; Univer- 

sity of Pennsylvania, 1749; Co- 
lumbia College, 1754; Brown Uni- 
versity, 1768; Dartmouth Col- 
lege, 1769; Rutgers College, 1770; 
Hampden-Sydney College, 1775 ; 
Washington and Lee University, 
1781 ; Dickinson College. 1783 ; 
St. Johns College. 1774; Univer- 
sity of Georgia, 1785 ; University 
of North Carolina, 1789; George- 
town College, 1789; University of 
Vermont, 1791 ; Williams College, 
1783; Bowdoin College, 1794; 
Union College, 1795 ; Kentucky 
University, 1798. 

=Father(looking over report) — 
" What does this mean, my son, — 
must pass another examination ?" 
Son — " Well, you see, several of 
us are trying for first in that 
branch, and our papers were so 
nearly alike that we must pass 
another examination." — Ex. 

=First Division Prep's Solilo- 
quy. — Julius Caesar was a great 
man. He was a great soldier and 
a very fair politician ; but I always 
thought it rather absurd of him 
to write a book for beginners in 
Latin. Positively, I think it has 
injured his reputation.- — Ex. 

^Ex-President White, of Cor- 
nell, is said to have the finest His- 
torical Library in the country. It 
numbers over 30,000 volumes, be- 
sides many valuable manuscripts. 

=Two young ladies are among 
the suspended Sophomores for 
hazing at Maine State College. 



= Dwight Hall, the Y. M. C. A. 
building at Yale, cost $60,000. 

=One of the girls at a wefl- 
known college recently startled 
the professor and her class- 
brothers in declining the pronom- 
inal adjective "hie," by starting 
off: "Hie, haec. hoc, hug-us, hug- 
us, hug-us, quick! quick! quick!" 

=Harvard College receives some 
$400,000 from the will of John Q. 
A. Williams, which has been filed 
in the Suffolk County Probate 
Court. The estate is left in trust, 
and after the bequest of several 
legacies, when the residue shall 
have reached $400,000 is to be 
given to the President and Fellows 
of Harvard. The sum of $200,000 
is to be set apart and to be known 
as the Abraham Williams fund in 
memory of the testator's father 
and grandfather, the latter being 
a member of the class of 1744. 
The sum of $400,000 is to be 
used in aiding needy and merito- 
rious students, who are to consider 
such aid debts of honor ; and also 
for the library of the College. In 
case the College refuses to accept 
the trust, the estate is to go to the 
Home for Aged Men in Boston 
and the Society for Aged Females 
in Newbury Post. — Ex. 

=Lehigh University is about to 
lose its prospective $10,000,000 
endowment from the Packer es- 
tate. Asa Packer died in 1879, 
leaving a widow, two sons and 

a daughter. All are dead saA 
the daughter, aged 45, who 
married, and if an heir is boi 
he, and not the University, w 
get the $10,000,000. — Courie 

= How an Englishman spel 
saloon : A hess and a hay, a hej 
two hoes and a hen. 

=The Trustees of East Penl 
sylvania Wesleyan University hav| 
decided upon calling their instj 
tution the Grant Memorial Un 
versity. General Grant was th! 
first subscriber to their building. 

^President Fanstable. of th 
Imperial University of Japan, 
travelling in the United States. 

= Boarding-house, wit : Ado 
phus (takes the last piece)— Th: 

is very good bread, Mrs. 

Mrs. , the landlady— Yes, an 

I think it better bred than som ; 
of my boarders. 

=Vanderbilt University wa 
founded in 1873. It is controlled 
by the Methodist Episcop^ 
Church, South. Besides the coi 
lege departments there are schoo! 
of theology, law, medicine, pha 
macy and dentistry. There ar 
about three hundred students il 
the college department. There 1 
no division into college classes 
Degrees are conferred in art:} 
philosophy, science, and engineei 1 
ing. Women are not admitted 
There are about four hundre( 
students in the professiona 



lools. In the whole university 

ere are about fifty instructors. 

\e grounds and buildings are 

ry attractive. The endowment 

nearly one million dollars. The 

aternities are Phi Delta Theta, 

ippa Sigma, the Rainbow, 

uthern Kappa Alpha, Beta 

leta Pi, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, 

liii Phi, and Sigma Nu. Mem- 

rrship varies from six to twenty- 

>e. The authorities were for 

l&rs hostile to Fraternities, but 

I restrictions were removed in 

=At the University of Vir- 
lia the courses of study are not 
ascribed and the students are 
^t divided into classes. Each 
'inch of instruction is termed a 
100I. Thus there are the schools 
r Latin, Greek, modern languages, 
1 >ral philosophy, mathematics, 
1 so on. In each school there 
J several classes. Each student 
lEies in such schools as he 
t:ases ; but if he expects to re- 
iVe a degree he must finally 
pplete in the several schools a 
;jrse that is practically equiva- 
iit to the course that would se- 
re the same degree in an ordi- 
ry college. This system origi- 
<;ed in this university, and is 
jind in many Southern institu- 
'ns. In the department of medi- 
e there are about one hundred 
] dents ; in the department of 
jl about eighty-five, and in the 

literary and scientific departments 
about two hundred. The Frater- 
nities are Beta Theta Pi, Delta 
Kappa Epsilon, Phi Kappa Sigma, 
Phi Kappa Psi, Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, Phi Gamma Delta, Chi 
Phi, Sigma Chi, Delta Psi, Mystic 
Seven, Kappa Sigma, Pi Kappa 
Alpha, Alpha Tau Omega, South- 
ern Kappa Alpha, Phi Delta 
Theta, and Kappa Sigma Kappa. 

—In the college department of 
the University of Mississippi, the 
course for a degree covers five 
years, and there are about two 
hundred and fifty students. There 
is also a law department. The 
university is a State institution. 
Women are admitted. There are 
Chapters of the Rainbow, Delta 
Kappa Epsilon, Delta Psi, Sigma 
Chi, Phi Kappa Psi, Chi Psi, Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon, Phi Delta Theta 
and Beta Theta Pi. — Ex. 

=I'n the under-graduate de- 
partment of Richmond College, 
there are eight professors and 
about one hundred and fifty stu- 
dents. The only degrees are those 
of A. B. and A. M. The students 
are not divided into classes. The 
college is chiefly a Baptist institu- 
tion. The Fraternities are Beta 
Theta Pi, Southern Kappa Alpha, 
Phi Kappa Sigma, Phi Delta 
Theta, Kappa Sigma Kappa, Phi 
Alpha Chi, and Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon. — Ex. 



=From 1842, the date of the 
foundation of Cumberland Uni- 
versity, to 1 86 1, it was one of the 
most important universities in the 
South. The civil war crippled it 
in many respects, but it is still an 
important institution, for its law 
•school still attracts students from 
all of the Southern States, and its 
theological school is still the only 
one belonging to the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church. The col- 
lege department is not large, but 

it is of good grade. The averj 
attendance upon the several 
partments is as follows: colle 
sixty ; law school, fifty ; theolc 
cal school, thirty-five. In th 
three departments there are fo 
teen professors. There is als 
preparatory department. BeU 
the civil war, almost every 
portant Fraternity was represe 
ed by a Chapter. Now there 
only Beta Theta Pi and Sigi 
Alpha Epsilon. — Ex. 




February, 1887. 

Id Series Vol. XIX. 
ew Series Vol. VI. 


No. 6. 



Jacois C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 


Method is conspicuous by its 
bsence in Shakespeare's moral 
caching and yet he is one of the 
est and most inspiring of guides, 
hilosophers and friends in our 
ersonal and social life. It is 
ngular that the very practical 
iature of his ethical views, to- 
ether with the diversity of the 
naracters and sentiments seen in 
is writings, should have been the 
ccasion for an attack on his or- 
lodoxy. But a careful reader 
annot fail to detect the distinc- 

ve tenets of Christianity, as held 
y the conservative Protestantism 

of the England of that day and of 
ours, e. g., the atonement for sin, 
divine mercy -based on justice, the 
concentric circles of man's free 
agency and God's overruling 
Providence, of personal accounta- 
bility and heredity. You see in 
Kins' Lear the mixture of old su- 


perstitions with regard to the 
effect of the planets on character 
and destiny and of a supposed 
irresistible fate with high Chris- 
tian ideas of self-denial, of sorrow 
as a purifying power and of di- 
vine compensation for man's in- 
justice ; while in Hamlet the tone 



and coloring are caught from the 
older Roman theology as modi- 
fied by its relation to the spirit of 
the Northern Teuton with its 
silent passionateness and its ca- 
pacity for breaking into violent 
action. Yet you would no more 
conclude that Shakespeare's mind 
was divided between old paganism 
and modern religion in Lear and 
between Gothic mythology and 
Roman Catholic sentiments in 
Hamlet than between Epicurean 
rationalism, stoical philosophy 
and heathen credulity in Julius 
Caesar. For his practical worth 
and utility is that he offers for 
your instruction and delight the 
whole rich, strange complexity of 
human life, ancient and modern, 
with a high impartiality. The 
most diverse, the most terrible, 
the most inspiring exemplifica- 
tions of psychological and ethical 
laws (apart from the one Book) 
are found in this world of Shake- 
speare's writings. Our leader 
here is a genial sympathetic heart, 
a sincere and candid soul, a spirit- 
ual seer and yet a judicious man 
of the world, a dissector of the 
meannesses and follies of humani- 
ty and yet a believer in the 
promise and potency of good in 
this same tainted human nature. 
Remember that a work of art, 
a poem, a play, a novel, is not a 
treatise on morals or any other 
science. The Essay on Man with 
its " fate, foreknowledge and free 

will" is saved from a dreary sch 

asticism that would pall on t 

cultivated taste by the suprer 

skill of one of the finest of woi 

men. Using the imagination 

his best ally and interpret* 

Shakespeare prefers to avo 

didactic form and yet teach us ; 

the more effectually. You justi 

him as he shows how true mora 

ty is consistent with nature ar 

reason and the law written on tl 

tablets of the heart confirms tl 

revealed will of God. Could D 

Johnson have paid a finer tribd 

to his art than to express his hal- 

surprise that moral principle 

seemed to be unintentional! 

dropping from him ? Your tru 

artist, we have said, rarely sermon 

izes in his books. So our drama 

ist never states formal truths e? 

cept to avoid misconstruction i 

the tragic exhibition of abnorm; 

passions. In his comedy foil 

and lust always unfold in the most 

natural way their own absurditj 

and suicidal unreasonableness 

We are brought unconsciously ti 

the point where we justify Pnnci 

Hal and ourselves for cutting thd 

acquaintance of Falstaff, and a! 

his wit, his intellectual agility and 

aplomb cannot blind us to the 

eternal verities. Who would nol 

rather have his teaching thus glide 

into the heart by the way of the 

fancy and move us to spontane 

ous rational love of virtue and 

purity as the only true beauty 



, in submit to the frigid declama- 

hin of Sackville, the noble but 

t:phantine dignity of Johnson, 

2 splendidly regular dead per- 

:tion of the classic French 

j;ima or even the polished sen- 

itious philosophy of the antique 

orus ? If we do not like the 

cistic indirectness t of Shake- 

eare, let us find our instruction 

.Herod and Termagant and the 

ce paring his nails or stirring up 

e devil with a wooden dagger. 

e do not mean to aver that 

ietry or any art can be separa- 

d from morality. For as art to 

true must represent life itself, 

must have to do with motion, 

sling, spiritual ideas and long- 

gs, the mysterious personality 

i each of us as surrounded by 

(Vine forces, But the concrete 

iiaginative representation of life 

;| Shakespeare is more influential 

[Lan tomes of " wise laws and 

modern instances." The ancient 

nilosophers knew good and evil 

;id taught of them, but this did 

pt hold appetite in leash and 

jeep men from " going to the 

liiid." Books on the physiological 

ifects of alcohol may be studied 

H the public schools, but you 

i.ust supplement them with the 

cie high impulse that makes 

luitful and active the germ of 

ii:ientific truth. " Honesty is the 

j^st policy" and all your Poor 

i.ichard's Almanac's proverbial 

nilosophy based on policy and 

self-interest, — pounds of it, — will 
be outweighed by one ounce of 
passionate admiration of the beau- 
ty of holinessadministered through 
the vehicle of the imagination and 
feelings. Christianity was in the 
air round about Shakespeare and 
though he may not have professed 
to have a deep experience of its 
truths, yet its ideals of life and 
duty actuated him, for the sweet 
reasonableness of truth and purity 
are so manifest in his work that 
the whole man as he reads is per- 
vaded by their influence. He 
exalts the instincts of the heart 
and teaches Emerson how to 
exhibit that "causal retribution" 
which is the reflection of sin upon 
the sinner, that judgment going 
before hand which is the shadow 
and foretaste of a sterner trial to 
come. He will never throw dust 
into your eyes while he depicts a 
crime, or cast glamour of imagina- 
tion over a deadly passion as if it 
were a splendid eccentricity of 
genius, but you shudder all along 
the torturous darkness of the 
ways of ambition, or jealousy, or 
revenge. There is a tonic quality 
in his best work. Life seems 
worth living in this sunshine and 
breezy world. From its very na- 
ture the best dramatic work must 
be impersonal. But you can de- 
tect the man in the work. Is it 
not natural to attribute to himself 
the moral soundness blended with 
romance of Orlando which are so 



strikingly in contrast with the 
cynicism and self-indulgent sensi- 
bility of a melancholy Jaques who 
professes to scorn all sentiment 
and yet runs into a false senti- 
mentalism ? Do you not see his 
profound observation of life as it 
is, when he introduces the caprices 
of the fool under the very shadow 
of tragic catastrophe in Lear ? He 
lets you see that love in high life 
is not so far removed from life 
"below stairs" and love in the 
kitchen and the hovel, that the 
same human nature is in Nerissa 
and her swain as in the statelier 
figures of Portia and Bassanio and 
in the fancy struck but less intel- 
lectual natures of Lorenzo and 

He was before Addison and 
Jenning in amiable delineation of 
follies and absurdities and these 
gracious but inferior spirits must 
have been inspired by his charm- 
ing portraitures. But he will not 
palter with solemn questions in a 
double sense. "The fault dear 
Brutus, is in us, not in our stars." 
His strong but abominable char- 
acters, while defying superstition 
with their rationalism, at the same 
time testify to man's responsibili- 
ty for his actions. Penalty is seen 
to follow on the heels of trans- 
gression in Henry the Fourth, 
not openly, but in the secret 
places of the heart. Richard the 
Third, intellectual greatness and 
demoniac will must yield to the 

inferior Richmond because the lat 
ter is the vicegerent of Heaven 
This writer imitates better thai 
any the impartiality of Divine 
justice. But he does not fail tc 
show us, too, that "Evil is wrought 
by want of thought 

As well as by want of heart," 

and that the .fate of the brave and 
honest Banquo and the royal ano 
generous Duncan cannot be avert 
ed. A calculating reason might 
have saved the saintly and spirit 
ual Cordelia, but " not enjoyment 
and not sorrow is our destined 
end and way" and far better is it' 
that. she saved others, if she did 
not save herself and made ready 1 
her "child-changed father" for 
transformation and expiatory 
death. Gloster recognizes that 
his sensual nature has been puri- 
fied by a needful discipline and 
die's transfigured and self-sacrifice 
which was the very essence and 
breath of Kent's soul has had its 
fill and its reward here. Prince 
Hal, the frolicsome and seemingly 
lawless, becomes the moderate, 
law-abiding and law-enforcing king 
of himself and of men and God is 
on his side when he rationally 
and faithfully honors him by 
steadfast truthfulness and devo- 
tion to principle. As Henry the 
Fifth, he is left by the drama in 
the flush of his victorious man- 
hood ascribing all his successes to 
the Higher will, and Shakespeare 
does not think it his part to lose 



lie artist in the moralist and at- 
tempt in a new play to settle the 
duestion of the sudden "taking 
1 if" by disease of such a strong 
oul just as he is fully prepared 
or rulership and all beneficent 
ctivity. Who has illustrated so 
/ell the conquering might, the 
■hangeful moods, the sanctifying 
:fficacy of the noble passion of 
; ove and who has so vividly f.ur- 
lished its false side, its lustful 
extreme, as he has in that ruin of 
Antony's regal powers of body and 
of mind? "To chew the cud of 
iweet and bitter fancy" in idyllic 
;olitude is well for us only as we 
ire repairing our forces for the 
duties of our calling. " Man 
iveth not to himself alone." So 
:he banished Duke goes back to 

his court and his crown, and 
Touchstone the jester learns in 
the woodland to become a useful 
lover and helper of his kind. 

We must fight the world and 
conquer fate to know ourselves 
truly, but we need not lose the 
youth of the heart in gaining 
strength by experience. He makes 
patriotism the ally of religion and 
dignifies the life of to-day by 
teaching as its relation with great 
historic periods. He stimulates 
motive and feeling not by burn- 
ing the dry light of reason alone 
on their secret working, but by 
setting them aglow and quicken- 
ing them into healthful activity 
under the genial warmth of that 
mighty moral agent, imagination. 
Prof. Thus. Hume, Jr. 


i — 

>" Come Warriors, come, come close around 
iMy tent. 'Tis wrong, I hear no sound. 
Braves. Speak. 'Tis your Chieftain's com- 
But all were still. That little band 
/Was sad. Those dark weary faces 
Were damp. Tears had left their traces, 
Which flowed so heavily down their cheeks 
vAs waters down the rugged peaks. 
They know his voice and gather near, 
Their chieftain's dying words to hear. 
They placed him near the wigwam door, 
They who the name of warriors bore, 
And gathered round his dying form, 
F As shielding from a mountain storm. 

My noble, noble Braves," he said, 
" Some sleep. Some slumber now, 
' Ye ones, so true, and must ye die, 
" And lay, alas, so low?" 

' I am dying, Braves, I'm dying, 

" I feel the adder's sting. 
' Cold chills of death creep o'er my form, 

" I hear the war-whoop's ring." 

' In pleasant hunting grounds beyond, 

" I'll greet my fellow Braves, 
' I charge you by your chieftains words, 

"Protect yon rocky graves." 

' Oft to escape the white man's balls ; 



" And deep mouthed baying hounds, 
"That hissed like angry poison snakes, 
" That yelled like thundering sounds." 

" I've laid my weary limbs to rest, 
"On yon steep hanging crag, 

"Where feet had never trod before, 
" Where lived the mountain stag," 

" There on the steepest of the steep, 
. " Where white man dares not go, 
" Place me wrapped in my hunting robe, 
" My noble horse and bow." 

"Now go and seek the white man's tent, 
" And humbly ask for bread, 

" Tell the stranger to fear you not, 
" The poor old chieftain's dead." 

They gathered round their dying chief, 
Their feathered heads bent down with grief, 
They gently kneeled like the bowing wave, 
Then bore him to his lofty grave. 
O'er his dear tomb a pray'r they said, 
And left him there, their chieftain dead. 
The sun had set, and Twilight's ray 
Had thrown its silv'ry veil of gray 
O'er all the plains, and soldiers slept. 
Across the distant plains there crept 
A lonely brave, wending his way, 
That o'er the rugged mountains lay, 
See now he stops. He drops his head, 
Messenger of his chieftain dead. 

Outside the white man's tent he stood. 
His grim dark face with downcast moo ! 
Betokened sadness. Stood he still, 
Waiting for the commander's will. 
His war dress tattered, worn and rent, 
His bow cast away. His head down bent, 
His rolling eyes, with lashes dark, 
Beamed with a noble flashing spark. 
His huge breast heaves. He lifts his head, 
He stares around, and thus he said : 

" A weak and humble man I am, 

" Stranger I want not gold. 
" My heaving breast has not the voice 

" The story to be told." 

"Our noble chieftain warrior's dead, 

" The Indians hope is gone ; 
" Our Braves are scattered far and wide, 
"And I am here alone." 

" Scarce risen was the moon last night, 
"When last he breathed his breath. 

" We saw him gasp, and gasped we too, 
" That monster, grisly Death ! !" 

"I pray thee, give me bread to eat, 
" Our hunting grounds are gone ; 

" The white man lifts his hands and says, 
" 'Tis mine where all abound." 

" Your thunder shrieks in all our ears, 

" Hiss by your leaden balls, 
" The spirit guides their deadly flight, 

" Deaf to the Red Man's calls." 

" What ? Refuse this starving form bread: 

" These aching limbs a rest ? 
" A blanket warm to wrap me in ? 

" Hear, I speak not in jest." 

" Stranger, your very blood is false, 

" No drop of blood in me, 
' That courses in the Pale Face's veins 

"No ! Never shall it be." 

' The pale face man with heart so hard, 

" To hunt and chase like dogs ; 
' This haughty form, the Red Man's sons, 
' Through plains and swamps and bogs." 

' Our band is small, but true our bow, 

" This race is not yet done, 
' The mountains, streams, the plains are 

" And e'en the rising sun." 

' Ye wretched thief ! Ye sneaking cur ! 

" Ye, — their warm blood ran cold, 
' Ye dragged them from their mountain 

" Our warriors stout and bold." 

1 My arrow hungers for your flesh, 
" Thirsts for your blood my spear, 
My tomahawk leaps from my side, 
"Your hairy scalp to tear." 

No ! Stranger, go thy way in peace, 
"Your friend I'll never be. 



" There'll ever be eternal war 
" To stand twixt me and thee." 

<T ow tracing back his darksome way, 

"Tot hoping, longing there to stay, 

ie wandered by the forest dark, 

Vhose huge breast rose, swelled, but hark ! 

Vas it a red man's dying shout, 

i. wolf's deep bay, a benighted scout? 

Did some wild scream to his trained ear, 

L well known message, warning bear? 

The sighing oaks, the howling waste, 
Cried out to him, to fly, to haste. 
Echo aroused from her mountain dells, 
Plies fast her wings, and gives forth yells. 
Repeats the cry, — now fainter, — gone. 
As chaff before the wind is blown. 
He pricked his ear, he raised hand, 
O besiance makes to nature's wand. 
Forthwith his haughty form he rears. 
And to the setting sun he bears. 

Paul Jones. 


Traveling in the land of Empe- 
ors brings into strong relief the 
characteristics of our government 
and institutions. Living in New 
England fits one, somewhat 
)rosaic by endowment to relish 
^orth Carolina life — especially 
he social customs. 

A few weeks spent here have 
>een enjoyed so keenly that I 
venture to speak through the 
Magazine. Chiefest among the 
Measures has been the meeting of 
>ld friends made at Chapel Hill. 
Those whom I loved, I had stud- 
ed. Their futures had been 
marked out. It was interesting 
o test the work of my imagina- 
ion. That I have been disap- 
pointed goes without saying. 

Some, possessed of every ele- 
nent of success, have accomplish- 
ed little. Yet it is gratifying to 
;ay that the student from Chapel 

Hill bears a certain mark. He is 
liberal in spirit — with but little 
disposition to dogmatism. A 
calm, steady earnestness marks 
him. He is serious — not flighty. 
As a rule, he is struggling with 
the duties of a noble manhood ; 
and is resolved to make the world 
better through his living. 

I trust it will not seem to per- 
sonal to give a few names. 

At Murfreesboro, I grasped 
hands with Bob Winborne and 
Hicks. The latter is editor of the 
Index, and the people say, is a 
good, substantial citizen. Bob is 
in fine spirits and retains that 
famous little chuckle. He wears 
a full beard. He is not married — ■ 
but — . He is thoroughly in earn- 
est. It was a pleasure to hear 
him talk. Bright and jovial, yet 
dignified, he has many clients and 
a host of friends. He is making 



money in his profession — but the 
siren of politics is wooing. 

It was hearty, good cheer to 
shake hands with Mott More- 
head. He was a good distance 
from Charlotte — and pledged me 
to silence. Yes, Mott, the maid- 
ens of the east are very pretty. 

Aycock is a noble Roman at 
Goldsboro. His success is gener- 
ally known. He is not disappoint- 
ing the high hope of his college 

P. B. Manning was changing 
cars at Goldsboro. He is teach- 
ing in Wilmington. He had run 
"up" to spend the Christmas — 
and failed to keep down the blush. 
Those who know him best have 
the brightest record for him. It 
was joy to grasp his sturdy hand. 

Through the kindness of a 
younger Chapel Hillian, Mr. Kirby 
Smith, I got a word and a grasp 
with Ed. Alderman. He has 
marched to the front and stands 
the very foremost, as President of 
the North Carolina Teachers' As- 
sembly ; but is the same splendid 
fellow — as we knew him on the 
"Hill." He is married — and has 
left us. 

Jim Joynerisa lawyer in Golds- 
boro. He is doing well. The first 
year he puts $500 on interest. He 
enjoys his cigar. The old-time 
fondness for debating abides. He 
talks about law, — and is in love 
with the profession. Matrimoni- 

ally, his condition is more hopef 
than that of the "Truj." 

John is married. Hecontinui 
a successful merchant. 

Jim Rouse is a lawyer in Kin 
ton. His work is most gratifyin; 
I have not met an "old boy" wh 
is more in earnest. He is a sti 
dent. His library is growing. H 
showed me sixty new volutin 
purchased in December. We b 
lieve the "star and thistle" wi 
yet blaze upon his breast. It i 
an inspiration to know him and t 
watch his growth. He is no 
married — but soon shall be. 

Uzzell is a lawyer. He ha 
been Mayor of Kinston — but h 
is married. 

A. T. Hill makes the third law 
yer for Kinston. I did not ge 
an opportunity to talk with him 
He is in good spirits. 

Tom Rouse is living at home 
He is gathering the lucre — specu 
lating in cotton and the girls. 

Barnes Hill is the same good 
fellow. He is teaching at Pitts 
boro. That jolly laugh has stooc 
the shock of conies, — and "Rich 
ard is himself once more." 

Ed. Smith is a man that cheen 
one. He is somewhat conserva 
tive, yet he stimulates me. It i:- 
a hearty welcome that meets m 
always at his door. His love for 
disputation abates not —and he 
talks well. 

Turner, the long man from the 



lountains, is in Raleigh. The 
Republicans have sent him here. 

Charlie Mclver has transferred 
is enthusiasm from politics to 
ducation. He is married — and 
j Professor at Peace. The pupils 
lud him. He talks earnestly of 
is work — and has a strong grip 
pon the educational problem of 
ur State. 

Charlie Thomas is a dignified 
jgislator. He was quiet and gave 
ut little opportunity to discover 
is sphere of thinking and how he 
i at work. 

Frank Dancy is a chemist. Edu- 
ated, witty, kind, experienced ; 
e is a unique character. His 
iboratory is well equipped. He 
i enjoying life and making the 
irmers more successful. The 
gent for poor fertilizers hates 
im. I heard one refer to him in 
:rong terms. Strange to say, 
"rank is not married. 

I grasped the hand of Henry 
aison. It was the evening of 
le Democratic caucus, and he 
'as too busy to talk. 

Gus Long is developing steadi- 
r. He is already the strong man 
t Trinity. He is thoroughly 
wake and in earnest. He has 
"ansformed the department of 
.nglish and History. His stu- 
ents are at work. English is to 
lem a living thing. Trinity and 
le Methodist church will have 
jpecial cause to be proud of the 

ork of this young man. He has 

caught the spirit. May they 
foster it. 

Dr. John Phillips has been 
spending the holidays on the 
"Hill." He is of the Medical 
corps of the army and stationed 
at Fort Sisseton, Dakota. He is 
true and loyal. His position is 
worth more than two thousand 
dollars. He dees not talk very 
much. I was much impressed 
with his big heart and liberal 

Dr. Ike Taylor is in fine spirits. 
He has just received an official 
position at the Morganton Asy- 
lum. He is proud of his profes- 
sion and talks very interestingly 
about it. Having a most pro- 
found respect for a great doctor, 
I enjoyed the conversation. He 
still revels in the festive cigarette. 

Fred Bryan is a railroad man at 
Raleigh. He wears a beaver — a 
moustache — and is as handsome 
as of yore. 

Frank Winston is a progressive 
legislator — Senator from Bertie. 
He takes a lively interest in pub- 
lic education and talks suggestive- 
ly thereon and in the true spirit. 
Beneath his humor, are a penetra- 
tion and a grasp that should tell 
for the upbuilding of the State. 
He is unmarried. 

The Chapel Hill boys seem to 
have a predisposition towards 
single life. Why? These notes 
are offered upon the altar of old 
friendships. May they stir in 
other breasts memories of cher- 
ished days ! Tim. 




I have always had a curiosity to 
see the homes and surroundings 
of great men. It has always 
seemed to me that anyone nur- 
tured amidst grand scenery would 
naturally imbibe and build into 
his character some of its grandeur. 
Last summer a college friend and 
I had an opportunity to visit the 
" Mecca of America" and see 
under what outward conditions 
General Washington lived. As I 
stood at his home and looked out 
over the broad Potomac that little 
pet theory came back to me and 
I thought. How could Washing- 
ton have been other than a grand 
and beautiful character, living as 
he did among such magnificent 
natural scenes? 

We left Washington City one 
quiet morning on the little steam- 
er, the W. W. Corcoran. Out on 
the great, brown, sunlit river we 
went slipping past hundreds of 
vessels at their moorings, then the 
United States Arsenal, with its 
quiet, well kept grounds guarded 
by monster cannon was passed 
and we found ourselves moving 
rapidly down the old Potomac 
towards Mount Vernon. Alex- 
andria was the first stopping 
place and as we neared it we could 
catch glimpses of the old church 

in which both Washington an 
Lee worshipped. 

In this old, rambling tow 
Washington cast his first vote i 
1754 and his last one forty-fiv 
years later. Once it was the riv; 
of Baltimore in commerce an 
made strong efforts to become th 
National capitol. Now it is give 
over to moss and decay. Her 
the fair Mary Custis not fifty yeaij 
ago. met Lieut. Lee on his way t 
Arlington to become her husband 

To our left we passed Foil 
Foote, the dismantled guard c 
the river. Next we stopped r 
Fort Washington, — blown up b 
the Americans in 1814 when th 
British came up the river an 
captured Alexandria. 

It is now a strong fortress ani 
through the heavy granite embr; 
sures we caught glimpses of grir 
cannon overlooking the river. 

On we went, seeing the histori) 
ground to right and left, once th| 
scene of battle, now smiling wit 
verdure and dotted with mansions 
until the solemn tolling of the be 1 
warned us that Mount Vernoi 
was reached. Up the winding 
graveled walks we went to th! 
tomb of George and Mary Wasf 
ington. Through an arched gato 
way, guarded by iron gates w 



jaw their resting place and be- 
yond these the door of a vault 
containing the remains of thirty 
oi their relatives. Just in front 
ire monuments erected to the 
1 memory of Bushrod Washington, 
; nephew and heir of the President; 
Jno. Augustine, his son ; Eleanor 
Park Lewis and Mrs. M. E. Con- 
rad, daughter and grand-daughter 
M Lady Washington. 

The mansion is a long, ramb 
\ing structure 96 feet long and 30 
wide, imitation stone and painted 
"white. The east piazza is paved 
with stones brought from the Isle 
iDf Wight. The state and family 
ikitchens are connected with the 
;.bouse by long, low colonnades. 
, In the Hall, encased in glass, 
,riangs the great key to the Bastile, 
(presented by Lafayette when the 
[.prison was destroyed in 1789. In 
fthe banquet hall is a model of the 
Bastile, cut from one of its granite 

i All through the house one sees 
lithe articles once used by the great 
chief. Here are his swords, his 
gun, dressing case, dress suit, 
jmedicine chest, camping outfit, 
jtiquor case and easy chair. 
1 Never before did I realize that 
George Washington was a real 
[Character. With all the connect- 
ed incidents of fact and fancy he' 
had always seemed to be some 
isuch a personage as Charlemagne, 
or King Arthur — a dim figure, half 
/mythical, half real among the 

great characters of the historic 

But when I stood upon his 
piazza, overlooking the grand old 
Potomac on its kingly path to the 
sea, he became a living, breathing 
reality. Here about this place he 
had strolled, talked politics, enter- 
tained visitors, hunted the fox, 
loved, laughed, lived and died. 
As I paused to gaze at the old 
harpsichord which he had given 
to Eleanor Custis, my fancy began 
to people those old halls with 
phantom company. I saw Nellie 
Custis and a host of Virginia 
beauties of the olden time throng 
around. Again their laughter 
awoke the walls to echo and the 
old harpsichord was touched by 
the soft fingers of long ago. Half 
awaking from my day-dream I 
gazed around. Everythingseemed 
to wear a half plaintive look. 
There was in the furniture, the 
pictures, the books, even in the 
walls themselves a yearning some- 
thing that touched my sensibili- 
ties. They seemed longing for 
other faces and forms. I felt like 
one who trod alone some banquet 
hall deserted, save by the phan- 
toms of a past generation. 

Leaving Mount Vernon, with 
all its historic and poetical inter- 
est and its grand natural beauty 
we took the boat and were soon 
moving up the river, towards the 
capital, which across the water 
gilded by the rays of the setting 
sun, reminded me of the beautiful 
descriptions I have often read of 
old Venice, in her days of beauty 
and glory. V. W. L. 




E. P. Withers. 

We are on deck again and ready 
for fun. 

We anticipate a treat in Mr. R. 
N. Hackett's speech on February 
22nd. It will be like "Dick" him- 
self, bright, sparkling and witty. 

We have found the "missing 
link" at last. Would that Prof. 
Darwin were alive ! The "link" is 
on exhibition at our editorial 

THE most contemptible, mean, 
villainous little worm in existence 
is the scandal-monger and gossip. 
His soul could be put in a mustard 
seed and there'd be room for many 

Peace Institute seems to be 
unable to support a college paper. 
We suppose Peace young ladies 
are too deeply absorbed in learn- 
ing to pronounce French to at- 
tempt to run a monthly. We wish 
them success. 

It is fast becoming impossible 
for poor men to be elected to 
political offices. Only rich men 
with plenty of money and a full 
supply of trickery and chicanery 
can attain high political honors. 

In politics we are rapidly corr 
ing to believe that Civil Servic 
Reform is a good thing. 

It seems that "Splinters" i 
the Salem Academy has bee 
splintered. Poor Academy ! Wha 
will it do without its " SplintersPi 
Be smashed too? 

Everybody seems bent upoi 
having a " time" next commence 
ment. It is rather far ahead t< 
think and dream over now ger 
tlemen. You have the shoals an- 
breakers of examinations to g 
through before then and man 
things may happen ere then t 
mar your hopes. 

We would like to say a word i 
regard to President Battle, and a 
we have no classes under him w 
are not open to the charge o 
" booting." It is this. No cof 
lege ever had a truer friend, I 
more earnest worker in its behal 
or one more interested in its wel 
fare and prosperity. 

At this writing France and 
Germany seem to be on the verge 
of another great war. If it mus> 
come we hope that the Germai 

The university magazine. 


empire will be overthrown and 
nnihilated. We mean the Em- 
lire and not the people, for we 
Lope to see those brave and patri- 
>tic people make of their Father- 
md a noble republic that shall 
ie a magnificent monument to 
liberty as lasting as time. 

Editor Henry Watterson 
ays that the American minister 
3 London is a contemptible little 
ad and toady, that the American 
/omen there are low-bred and 
ulgar, with themselves or their 
aughters on sale for a title, and 
hat the Prince of Wales is a dirty 
'lack-guard and rake. This is 
lighty rough but it is doubtless 

The height of insanity or idi- 
cy, we know not which, has been 
eached by one, Nina Van Zandt, 
/ho wishes to marry Spies, the 
ondemned Chicago anarchist, 
►pies upon ascertaining that the 
/oman was worth $100,000 of 
ourse willingly consented, but 
he nice little scheme was very 
romptly nipped by the Sheriff, 
•pies is a cowardly -assassin and 
ught to have been swung up to a 
imp-post long since, while Miss 
r^an Zandt is an idiot or helplessly 

Another year has passed away, 
nne that was eventful and sad to 
:iany. Into the grave goes the 
"ast with its joy and its sorrows, 
End over its mound springs up the 

flower we call the Future. Let 
us watch over the Future with 
tenderness and zealous care so 
that, when it withers and dies, the 
odor that Memory will gather 
from its faded petals may be 
pleasant and sweet. Aye, look 
well to the Future lest we in look- 
ing behind us, may be stung by 
the sting of Regret or pained by 
Sorrow's pang. 

The San Diego Union gets off 
the following sinuous sayings 
about a sleeper: A sleeper is one 
who sleeps. A sleeper is that in 
which a sleeper sleeps. A sleeper 
is that on which the sleeper which 
carries the sleeper while he sleeps 
runs. Therefore while the sleeper 
sleeps in the sleeper, the sleeper 
carries the sleeper over the sleeper 
under the sleeper, until the sleeper 
which carries the sleeper jumps 
off the sleeper and wakes the 
sleeper in the sleeper by striking 
the sleeper under the sleeper, and 
there is no longer any sleeper 
sleeping in the sleeper on the 

The defeat of Mr. George J. 
Goschen, liberal deserter and at 
present Lord Salisbury's Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, is, we 
hope, the forerunner of Tory over- 
throw. Lord Salisbury is a toady 
to royalty and a reactionist of an 
extreme type. Mr. Gladstone, 
"the tribune of the people," is his 
opposite in everything. He is 



cordially detested and greatly 
feared by the members of the 
Queen's household including the 
Queen herself and this fact alone 
ought to enable him in the com- 
ing elections to sweep England 
like a cyclone. Anything that 
savors of royalty ought to be 
vigorously and promptly sup 
pressed by the people of any 

Among the many good things 
contributed by our friend Mr. E. 
— and lost in the manuscript the 
following on ourselves is especially 
sarcastic. "The friends of the 
absent editor feel anxious about 
him Before his departure we 
observed in his actions symptoms 
of what we fear may prove to be 
a fatal disease. On the day of his 
departure he is known to have 
tied his cravat three times in the 
course of an hour. The last we 
saw of him he was standing on the 
platform at the depot with his 
feet exactly a yard apart ; his chin 
comfortably resting on the top of 
an immense collar, while his right 
hand was fastidiously twirling a 
cane. As we left we heard his 
melodious voice singing "Oh ! I'm 
a dude, a dandy dude," etc. Whew! 
what a stupendous ! 

Who IS HE? Who? Why Mig- 
ma the fair-and- festive — Flora- 
young-man, Ah! we beg pardon, 
it's a floivcr he's mashed on not a 

girl, oh no, not a girl, of cour; 
not ! Flowers are awfully prett 
but we never heard of a m? 
being mashed on one before. Bi 
Migma is a strange being it is sai< 
Long, lank and breezy, a senic 
with all the vanity, pomposity an 
beaver of a senior. Of course 1 
clings to his beaver. He has bee 
trying to "unrumple" that rumple 
beaver for a month and has gotte 
it smooth with the exception < 
one or two obstinate places. / 
to his heart that is hopeless 
rumpled, he'll never straighten 
smooth that without another 
aid,, and that aid will never t 
gi-ven. He is rapidly becomin, 
demented and there is danger c 
his committing suicide. Watc 
him ! 


We hope our fellow-studenj 
will patronize those who adverth 
with us. If, while on the Hill,yc 
need any clothing, shoes, etc., £ 
to McCauley's and get them, 
you need books, paper, or any a 
tide in this line, Kluttz or MacRc 
can furnish it to you. If you waf 
anything in the dentist line, Dji 
Lynch and Alexander can pi 
teeth with as much pain as ajtj 
other dentists, and they can malj 
you yell just as loud. If you g 
to Durham and want a suit 
clothes or a hat, call on Lamb 
Slater & Gorman, and they w 



ve you satisfaction ; after that, 
) and see Blackwell's and Duke's 
t&tories and secure a supply of 
garettes and tobacco at each 
lace. If at any time you happen 
I be in Raleigh, go to Andrews's 
I Waitt's and see their immense 
bcks of goods, and you will be 
irtain to buy something. Go to 
fahler's for your medals and Jew- 
ry, and if you want a date and 
>mebody's initials, along with 
Dur own, inscribed in a ring, we 
Ivise you to call on Mahler ; he 
ill do you a nice job. And when 
3U want fancy cards with your 
ame beautifully printed thereon, 
- anything in their line, get the-m 
om Edwards, Broughton & Co., 
ley will do you a neater job than 
ly other house in the State. If 
du want the brightest weekly 
iper in North Carolina, go to Jo. 
laniels and subscribe for The 
hronicle ; you will never regret 
. Buy a pair of trouser-stretchers 
om G. W. Simmons & Co., of 
oston ; they are all the rage now. 
ive the " Gem" and " Straight- 
ut " cigarettes of Allen & Gin- 
:r a trial ; this is all that is neces- 
iry to make you happy. Com- 
lencement is coming, too, and 
du will want a neat-fitting dress 
lit for that important occasion ; 
. N. Walters, of Raleigh, will 
tjtisfy you in every respect. F. 
». Johnson & Son, as jewellers, 
•e known throughout the South ; 
3u can address them at Lynch- 

burg, Va., and their work will give 
complete satisfaction. Remember, 
these gentlemen are all patronizing 
us, and we ought to return the 
compliment. Don't forget them ! 


Last night, while sitting in my 
easy chair and thinking of the long 
ago, I .quietly fell asleep. Soon, 
in my sleep, I seemed to hear a 
low, mournful strain of music. At 
first it was like the soft murmur 
of a summer breeze, but it grew 
louder and louder, overpowering 
my soul with melody until I 
seemed to rise and sweep through 
the air like a disembodied spirit. 
I was moving in some way, I knew 
not how, to some place, I knew 
not where ; I was only conscious 
of a sense of motion. On, on I 
went, the music still filling my soul 
with its sweet harmony, reminding 
me of every joy, every pleasure I had 
ever experienced. I know not how 
long I moved thus, but at length 
I seemed to see stretching before 
me a broad expanse of water, but 
never pausing for this, I went on- 
ward, plunging through the air 
like an angel hurled by the hand 
of the Avenger from heaven's 
highest battlements. Finally I 
paused in this headlong flight, but 
I now felt as though I was falling — 
falling with terrific force, I knew 
not whither. Everything, the exist- 
ence of the universe -itself, seemed 



to depend upon my stopping 
myself, and I could not move a 
finger. But a strain of music 
sweeter than usual swept over my 
soul, and I paused and seemed to 
be suspended in the air. Looking 
below, I saw a small island, and 
the strange things which I will 
now describe. The island was 
about a mile in length, both ends 
were broad, but it became more 
narrow toward the middle, until, 
near the centre, it was not more 
than forty yards in width. On the 
end of the island immediately be- 
low me were gathered an immense 
number of men, I know not how 
many, all of whom appeared to be 
in a state of the highest excite- 
ment ; gesticulating wildly, they 
were eagerly looking toward the 
middle and opposite end of the 
island. Looking thither, I saw, 
near the middle, a row of curious 
engines on either side of the island, 
apparently arranged so as to throw 
missiles at any one passing be- 
tween them. At each of these 
strange machines were stationed 
two or three men ; all of them 
had repulsive, unpleasant counte- 
nances, and long, crooked noses, 
like the bills of birds of prey. Dis- 
gusted with their appearance, I 
looked toward the other end of 
the island, and immediately I felt 
a sensation of dreamy happiness, 
like that experienced on a still 
summer night when a distant song 
is borne to your ear by winds laden 

with the perfume of flowers. J 
mist hung over this part of tr 
island, and it was surrounded by 
high and impassable wall. Throug 
this wall, however, there was 
gate-way, over which hung th 
words, The Land of Fame. B\ 
yond the wall I could see the gli 
tening of bright waters and he;i 
their soft murmur ; I could see th 
red, luscious fruits and hear th 
gentle breezes as they whisperei 
among the flowers. Everythin. 
which is beautiful was there, ever); 
thing in which the soul delightj 
So beautiful, so tempting was thj 
place that even in my sleep i 
longed to dwell there foreve 
Looking more closely, I could se 
men and women, dressed in ricl, 
flowing garments, walking abou 
in this place. So thick was th) 
mist, which had now increasec 
that I could not distinctly discer 
their appearance. But while | 
was looking, delighted with thl 
scene, I heard a great shouting i 
the other end of the island, an 
looking, I saw a man leave th 
crowd gathered there and run tc 
ward The Land of Fame. As h 
neared the middle of the islam 
he increased his speed, but whe 
he came between the engines, th 
strange beings who worked then 
touched a spring in each of then 
and they threw at him mud, dea< 
men's flesh, and all kinds of filth 
He faltered, but, gathering all hi 
strength, he started forward again 



lother engine belched at him its 
fthy contents and he sank dead 
nder the load. Another and an- 
ther attempted to run the gaunt- 
t with the same result. Present- 
' a tall, powerful man came for- 
ard and started toward the dis- 
int gateway, faster and faster he 
m as he neared the engines and 
leir strange masters, they throw 
': him their contents of filth, half 
le distance is passed, he falters, 
lother brave effort and he is be- 
ond their reach. And now, as 
|i enters the land beyond and is 
elcomed by its inmates, I see 
>me of the mud still clinging to 
"m, and it grieved me to think 
mt the filth with which these 
uel men had covered him would- 
J ar his appearance in a land 
here all should be pure and 
''ight and happy. Out of the 
j.ousands who made the attempt, 
w. succeeded in reaching the 
»al. I saw men start with gar- 
ents white as snow and then 

sink on the way covered with 
mud and dirt. 

After I had watched this strange 
scene for some time, I cannot even 
guess how long, I saw a terrible 
monster rise out of the ocean ; it 
was huge and shapeless, out of its 
mouth and nostrils came flames of 
fire and its eyes were like coals of 
fire, I dare not even now whisper 
its name. As soon as those who 
were managing the engines saw it 
they gave a loud shriek, but so 
terrible was its appearance that 
they seemed to be paralyzed and 
did not even try to escape. On 
came the monster and, with one 
motion of its huge tongue, encir- 
cled them as they stood at the 
engines and swallowed them all. 
The heavens and the earth gave 
back their parting cry and the 
ocean resounded. I awoke from 
my sleep and great drops of 
perspiration were falling from my 

M. W. E. 



Personal Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 

— Some time ago a "half-year" 
entered the Library and called for 
" Mr. Shakespeare's novel of 

— " Colonel" says the little joke 
about him in the last number was 
the best thing he has seen in this 
department yet. 

— Hackett's subject for his 
Washington's Birth-day oration 
is " North Carolina, During the 

— We've got a freshman that 
plays the fiddle ! Horrors! 

— What's got the matter with 
the " stummicks" of the Tarboro 

— Fred. Thomas has been sick 
but now is well. At the present 
he is riding horseback and read- 
ing. We wouldn't much mind 
being sick if we could take such 
pleasant methods of recovery. 

— E. M. Faust is principal o-f a 
school at Perryville, Ark. We 
hear that he is doing well. 

— Johnny Aleck (mistaking 
Josh. Herring for another Josh.), — 
" Hello Josh ! Er — er — Excuse 
me Professor." 


— Wouldn't it be a good idea t( 
present three or four men in col 
lege with gimlets — typical of thei 
boring ability ? 

— Blunt has gone! Blunt him 

— Professor Toy is at his horn 
and is improving rapidly. 

— Origin of Gymnasium-«i2^m;;, 
meaning nose ; Gym a corruptio 
of Jim, hence the right meanini 
is " James' Proboscis." (Plea 
don't hold us accountable fd 
this, — it was handed in by a ma 
who " fell" on Latin). 

— Professor Winston has boughl, 
him a beaver, — why of course 
must keep up with seniors an|, 
other brainy men — of course h 

— The gentleman who runs th d; 
Editorial department is "crushed io 
('tis jargon to say mashed) on n la 
less than three girls. Ask " Sa 
age" if this isn't so. 

— F. D. Winston, formerly a 
editor of this MAGAZINE has bee 
on a visit to his brother, Profe 
sor W. 



— The "only and original" John 
Charles Slocumb came up and 
spent a week with us before 
making application to the Su- 
preme Court for his law-license. 
We wish him much success. 

— When last heard from, Tom 
Keogh was in Washington, D. C. 

— Professor in Physics (lectur- 
ing on the steam engine): "An 
eccentric is a crank." The class 
'caught on." 

— Professor of Entomology is 
joing to take his class out on a 
buggy ride this spring. (Cling ! 
Clang !) 

— " Cherokee," with his "Sia- 
mese twins" paid us a visit some- 
:ime ago— the "twins" as well as 
Zherokee were warmly and cor- 
iial(e)ly received. 

— We can now boast of a first- 
-lass college string-band. It is 
:omposed of Messrs. W. Little, 
Hester, Lee and K. Batchelor. 

— T. S. Osborne, one of our old 
tudents, is practicing law and 
[making big speeches in Fort 
j^mith, Ark. He astonished the 
natives in a speech on the origin 
m the Christmas Tree. 

There was a young man named Jake, 
Who, a mark on chemistry to make, 
Did persistently grumble, 
But the Prof, wouldn't tumble, 
And he came near getting an ache. 

I love but one," he softly said. 

She bent her mildly beaming eyes 
And gently dropped her regal head. 

Then looking up in faint suprise — 
My love is also won," she said. 

But still he did not understand; 
Men will be silly at such times, 

And cannot quite their wits command. 

But her I love is very near " — 
He very slyly looked askance — 

And above all girls I hold her dear." 
She quick returned his eager glance, 

And sighing, slowly shook her head. 

He that I love is also dear; 

He's cost us full, so papa said, 

Five tons of coal per year." 

— First student, very carelessly, 
to another : " They tell me the 
Faculty are summoning all those 
boys that have been stealing 
wood." Second student, eagerly : 
" Is that so?" First stu. : "Yes, 
sir. They say they are going to 
make 'em howl." Second stu., 
hurriedly picking up a turn of wood: 
" I thought to pay Prof. Holmes' 
wood back before now, but " — 
Exit with as much wood as he 
could carry. 

— Heard on the street. — Mr. W., 
who is slightly deaf, to Miss M. : 
" Miss M., do you know I just 
dote on brown eyes?" Miss M., 
painfully conscious that some one 
behind is very near: " Yes, Mr. 
W., I shall be glad, too, when the 
ground dies." Mr. W., louder : 
" Miss M., you misunderstand me." 
Miss M., eagerly: "Mr. W., I 
should like to misquote a passage 
of Scripture for you." Mr. W. : 



"Indeed, Miss M. ! What is it?" 
Miss M. : " Whatsoever thou 
shoulds't say in secret, that thou 
proclaimest on the housetop." 

- -A father's advice to a fresh- 
man was to tie himself down and 
study for all he was worth. The 
freshman knew no difference be- 
tween the literal and the figura- 
tive. A few nights since he was 
bowed over a book with one end 
of a twine string tied around his 
thumb, the other end to the lamp, 
while beside him lay an account 
book in which he entered the 
value in dollars and cents of each 
page gone over. The book studied 
was chemistry, and the money 
value of the whole book was five 

Fifteen Minutes in the English 
Room. — The fountain of English 
undefiled is ever bubbling fresh 
and sparkling, when its music de- 
lighteth the soul, plays with the 
fancy and inspires enthusiasm, the 
nose in sympathy inhales the mys- 
tic fragrance of poetry with its 
flowers, spices and perfumes. So 
steady is its flow and so abundant 
its supply that odiferous vapors 
affecting the brain proceed from 
it, even when the gases of the 
Freshman mob with the heat of a 
close room, subject the aesthetic 
Junior to an attack of asphyxia. 
Even then do its inspiring mists 
cast a spell over the Senior, and 

its waters whisper of "Sweet Will" 
and the Poet Laureate. Philo- 
sophical mumurings mournful as 
the melancholy Jacques fix the 
attention of those gathered round 
A sad thing is it, gentlemen, that 
one can live in the midst of a 
noxious miasma and become so 
accustomed to it as to never be 
aware of its deleterious effect. 

Freshmen exist without a light 
to shine upon their darkness, grow 
to be wise in their own conceit 
until one sip from this Pierian 
spring brings them to their senses, 
even as a bath in the Fountain of 
Youth brought back childhood to 
old age. " How use doth breed a 
habit in a man." 

" For, as his own bright image he surveyed 
He fell in love with the fantastic shade; 
And o'er the fair resemblance hung unmov'd, 
Nor knew, fond youth, it was himself h 

Experiences like these restore 
him : " Do you know w T ho Longfel 
low is?" "No, sir. I think he is an 
Englisman, and his works are 
popular in the North." "Can yoi 
name any of his works?" " Childt 
Harold, I believe, sir." 

As lookers-on feel most delight 

That least perceive the juggler's sleight, 

And still the less they understand 

The more they admire the sleight of hand 

After wailings over the Fresh 
men's deficiencies, the process o 
creating a soul within the ribs o; 
literary death begins. Flow on 
O Fount. Thy waters are drunl 



with an unsatisfying thirst. May 
thy fame loosen Tar-heels stuck 
fast to ignorance and bring throngs 
to drink of thy didactic streams, 
even from the blue Unakas to 

the sandy Chicamicomico. Then, 
like Horace, I would say — 

O fons Shakesperiae, splendior vitro, 
Dulci digne mero, non sine floribus, 
Fies nobilium tu quoque fontium. 



Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery. 

All communications, Ladies, 
may be sent to Box 118. They 
will be received and promptly 
answered. Don't delay. 

Yours truly. 


Cream and peaches once a week, 

Kiss your girl on the right-hand cheek ; 

Apples green and applies dried, 
Kiss her on the other side. 

[Henry Ward Beecher. 

That evinces wretched taste ; 

Take your girl about the waist, 
Lift her on her pink toe-tips, 

And print it squarely on her lips. 

[T. De Witt Talmage. 

Seize the maiden in your arms, 

Blushing with her tempting charms ; 

And it would, we think, be snugger, 
Oft to kiss and tightly hug her. 

[Roscoe Conkling. 

This will be concluded in our 
next issue with quotations from 
other experienced authors. In 
the meantime, if some of our col- 
lege poets would hand in a pro- 
duction on the same line we would 
be delighted to add it to the list. 
And in order to hear 'both sides of 
the question (?) we would be glad 
of a communication from Greens- 
boro or Salem. Box 118. 

■x- * 

What chemical compound is 
represented by the formula C O 

F2 E2 ? An exchange asks this. 
If any of our readers will send in 
the correct answer to this we will 
make them a valuable present — 
something that has worked won- 
ders in this world. Get your wits 
together. It is simple. 

•The second volume of The Office 
is commenced with the issue for 
January. Several improvements 
in minor features of the journal 
are introduced, which go to make 
it still more pleasing in appear- 
ance and of increased usefulness 
to its constituency of readers. 
This journal is devoted to the in- 
terests of business managers and 
accountants. It is carefully edited, 
and each number contains such a 
variety of matter as to make the 
issues exceedingly valuable to the 
classes addressed. The publica- 
tion office is 205 Broadway, New 
York, and the subscription price 

$1 a year. 

* * 

The members of the Senior 
Philosophy class will appreciate 
the following from an exchange, 
especially the latter clause of the ( 
last sentence : 

Prof. : " What is it to know?" 



R. A. A. : " It is to know that 
-ye know." 

Prof.: " A little more definite, 
f you please." 

" Well, sir, it is to know that we 
ire certain that we know that we 

Prof. : "A little plainer." 

" It is to feel that we know that 
we know that we are certain that 
vve know that we know." 

Prof. : " Please be more defi- 

" It is to know that we are con- 
fident that we know we are cer- 
tain that we know that we know, 
but after all I don't know that I positive that I know that I am 
izonfident that I know that I am 
,:ertain that I know that I know 
what you want to know." 

3 -x- 

We clip the following from 
\The Reporter, of the University of 
Georgia : 

" The January number of the 
North Carolina UNIVERSITY 
MAGAZINE is certainly excellent. 
[t contains nothing but interest- 
ing pieces. We especially admire 
:he warm cordiality and 'whole 
soul' spirit of its Exchange Edi- 
tor. 'Tis with such that we like 
to deal. " 

Accept our many thanks. We 
are proud of the compliment, not 
altogether of the compliment per 
se, but because it comes from a 
journal of such recognized ability 
among the leading college jour- 

nals of our country. Our Ex- 
change Editor is very grateful for 
the allusions to himself and hopes 
that he may prove himself in fu- 
ture worthy of such compliment- 
ary terms at such hands. We 
greet you most heartily. 


A correspondent of the Uni- 
versity Voice, Wooster, Ohio, very 
humorously explains the evolu- 
tion of Mathematical Science. 
Speaking of the inextricable mass 
of matter in the primal period, he 
begins : 

" The strife became bitter. 
Rectangles and triangles passed 
without speaking ; circles and 
parallelograms mauled each other 
on the highway; the long-legged 
hyperbola would not associate 
with the bow-legged ellipse ; fami- 
ly matters approached a crisis. It 
was determined to hold a meeting 
to settle differences. The day 
was appointed, the assembly con- 
vened. By common consent the 
circle took the chair, calling on 
two mechanical formulas to take 
care of his equilibrium and over- 
coat. A cosine got up to state 
the object of the meeting, which 
was for all to come to an amiable 
understanding. He had not 
reached his hinting value before 
he was interrupted by an osculat- 
ing circle who tried to get in his 
funny work on a little logarithm, 
who was badly scared and scream- 
ed she would let no mantissa. 



The circle had scarely settled her 
tabular difference before he was 
loudly addressed by the ellipse, 
who rose to a point of order which 
some one had put into his chair 
when he got up to assist the little 
logarithm. This gentleman was 
noisy and swore that the chair 
must either eliminate the offend- 
ing quantity or come off the perch. 
This was more than the circle 
could stand without rotating. He 
performed a cycloid directly at 
the offending member and soon a 
lively fight was in progress. The 
sharp radii of the circle, however, 
soon made quick work of it, and 
the ellipse with black focii and 
badly broken up generally, had to 
either leave the meeting or apolo- 
gize. He rose and said that as 
this was the circle's first offense, 
it made no differential and he was 
willing to ascis pardon, though he 
didn't think much of his family. 
This personal remark led to much 
bitter recrimination which was 
joined in by the whole assemblage. 
The squabble soon assumed all 
the characteristics of a revolution. 
A pentagon made a desperate 
rush at a cone who had accused 
him of being an angle-maniac. 
The cone, remarking that he had 
polygon too far, bent over and 
impaled him on his apex. The 
binomial formula taunted the 
sphere with not being able to look 
over his great circle. The mad- 
dened sphere swallowed him as he 

would an oyster. The theorem^ 
immediately expanded and therejf 
was a tremendous explosion. Fori 
five minutes nothing could beii 
seen, then, gradually, litteredli 
pieces of curves, broken apicesii 
and halves of equations might be! 
seen lying in disorderly masses.! 
It seemed as though all life had| 
been destroyed. But not so ; be- 
hold the perfect working of the 
law of nature. From out thati 
dire confusion, as the phoenix! 
gloriously rises from its pyre, so> 
rose a new and wonderful exist-' 

ence, permanent in its nature. | 

* * 

The doctrine that we should 
patronize home industries is some-, 
times carried to a mischievous 
extreme. A correspondent of 
The Nation says'. "The State of 
California has even gone so far as 
to have prohibited the use of 
school-books from other sources, 
such as those written by some of 
the foremost scientists, historians, 
and scholars, directing the Board 
of Education to 'cause to be pre- 
pared,' made, and sold text-books 
for their own use. Presently we 
shall have some distant State for- 
bidding the importation of Shake- 
speare, and undertaking by legis- 
lative enactment to produce him 
on the spot from local talent." 

* * 

The following verses were 
clipped from the Sunday School 
Times. They were written by 



cigar I. Brenner, the Yale stu- 
dent who was drowned in Lake 

/hitney, near New Haven, Con- 
necticut, while skating with a fel- 
;>w student on Tuesday, Decem- 

er 2 1st, 1886. Mr. Brenner was 
5 scholar of fine promise. Pro- 
.iissor Harris says that he proba- 
bly had the best brain in the 
•i'heological Seminary, and the 
sfew York Tribune adds that "he 
ras one of the most brilliant stu- 
dents at Yale." He was a gradu- 
cte of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. Here are his verses : 

s the sun went down, and the day was 

t I came from the dim, still chamber of 

ind the stream of my life that was darkly 
2 flowing 

I Seemed nearing the ocean men call De- 
1 spair. 

:s my heart grew faint with its hapless 
1 yearning, 

I I clung not to life, and I shrank not from 
'I death, 

'was learning — ah! end of my youth — I was 

,i learning 

V That life is a waiting and joy is a breath. 

■bon the sun was down, and night wind 

i blew me 

I Sweet scent from the lily-starred heaven 

of leas, 
rnd a sense like a mother-heart pleaded, and 
■ : drew me 

.; Far on in the shadowy darkness — and peace. 

roamed all 'the night till the angel of morning 
Spread his white, fair wings o'er the way 
that I trod; 
,nd he opened my eyes to his beauty, adorn- 
' All earth, air, and sky, with the goodness 
i of God. 

The poem is an outbreathing of 
a heart at peace with God; and it 
might even have been written as 
it stands if the author had fore- 
seen his near future. 

We have just received the Christ- 
mas number of the The Miami 
Journal. It contains "an excel- 
lent portrait and brief biography 
of Mr. Whitelaw Reid," and be- 
sides this there is nothing in it 
worthy of note. Its cover, how- 
ever, is flashy. 

* * 

The have just received the first 
number of The Schoolteacher, a 
new educational journal edited 
and published by Prof. J. L. Tom- 
linson, Superintendent of Schools,. 
Winston, N. C, and Prof. W. A.. 
Blair, Principal High School, same 
place. If the first number is an 
earnest of what the future will, 
bring, we congratulate the teach- 
ers, and friends of education gen- 
erally, on the establishment of 
such a publication, commanding 
as it does so much eminent talent,, 
and displaying in its columns so- 
much superior ability. We can- 
not undertake to enumerate the 
list of the three score and more 
contributors for '87, but it includes 
the names of many of the very 
foremost educational men of the 
United States, North, South and. 

Among the very many valuable 
articles of the first number is a 



copyrighted article by Hon. Kemp 
P. Battle, LL. D., on "The Names 
of the Counties of North Carolina 
with the History Involved in 
Them " — a paper on which Presi- 
dent Battle has bestowed much 
study and careful research, and 
which contains much of interest 
and valuable information to all 
interested in the history of the 

The Schoolteacher is published 
monthly. Price per year, $1.00; 
sample numbers, 10 cents. Circu- 
lars and sample copy sent on ap- 

* * 

"The Romance of a Forgotten 
Village" is the fascinating title of 
a delightful story of love in an 
old New Jersey village, with which 
Bessie Chandler opens the Brook- 
lyn Magazine Tor January — a num- 
ber that is replete with the most 
entertaining array of bright and 
readable articles and poems. Ella 
Wheeler Wilcox sings of " The 
Mother-in-Law" in pleasing metre, 
which S. E. Archer follows with a 
highly interesting paper on "Some 
Famous Unequal Marriages." 
Laura C. Holloway has a gossipy 
description of Miss Cleveland's 
home-life at Holland Patent, that 
will be widely read as giving an 
inside glimpse of the home of the 
President'®' sister. A sparkling 
series of "Stories and Memories of 
Washington" is begun by Mr. 
Seaton Donoho, and if his suc- 

ceeding papers are one third a 

bright as is the present one, th 

series will be one of the most a 

tractive features of coming nun 

bers. "A Midnight Lecture 

gives Rev. T. DeWitt Talmag 

opportunity to tell a characteristi 

story of how he delivered a di: 

course at midnight. A classmat 

of President Garfield describe 

the future President during hi 

life at college, and how he ar. 

peared to his fellow-student; 

Mrs. Beecher's "monthly talk! 

contains much common sense i 

her discussion of the "Coars 

Language and Free Manners" o 

some of our young women, an* 

writes a second article on "Girl 

as Housekeepers." Rose Hart) 

wick Thorpe, John Vance Cheney 

Earl Marble, George Cooper, So 

phie L. Schenck, furnish the. poe 

try, and Rev. Henry Ward Beech 

er supplies four of his recent seii 

mons revised by himself. Besid^ 

this there are still further articles 

on "Winter in the Forest," "Court 

ship Among the Indians," "Italian 

Singing Slaves," "The Actress'j 

Jewels," "An Algerian Wedding,' 

" The Art of Spending Money,' 

etc., etc. The Brooklyn is witha 

one of our brightest magazines 

and one of the cheapest — 20 cent; 

per number or $2 per year. Tht 

Brooklyn Magazine, 132 Pearl St. 

New York. 

* * 


The Southern Bivouac opens with 



>h article, "Ursuline Convent in 
'ew Orleans," the oldest house in 
m Mississippi Valley, accompa- 
! ^ed by an engraving of the con- 
fc'nt. The article is by Charles 
:imitry, of Mobile. 
James W. A. Wright has an un- 
iually interesting paper describ- 
;g from a Southern standpoint 
Bragg's Campaign Around Chat- 
nooga," a war article of unusual 

O. B. Mayer's striking and orig- 
'al story of "The Two Marks- 
'en of Ruff's Mountain" is con- 

Henry W. Austin begins a series 
' : articles on " My Pilgrim Fath- 
rs." He treats the subject in 
le modern spirit of skepticism, 
id destroys many of the illusions 
hich have gathered about Ply- 
mouth Rock. 
" News'from the Front," is a 
cetch of a Southern household 
hich has passed through four 
ears of alternate hope and de- 
pair, to hear, on the 10th day of 
Lpril, of the surrender of Lee. It 
ives a pathetic glimpse of the 
samy side of war. 

D. E. O'Sullivan contributes an 
iteresting article on Theodore 

O'Hara, the author of the "Bivou- 
ac of the Dead." 

John Duncan continues his val- 
uable and original article on the 
evolution of the Trotter. The il- 
lustrations are excellent, and the 
tables accompanying the article 
have been prepared with the ut- 
most care. 

The important article of the 
number is the second installment 
of Judge Hines' story of the 
"North westernConspiracy," which 
rapidly grows in interest. He 
presents a valuable picture of. the 
political situation at the time, and 
throws much light on several dis- 
puted points. The statement is 
made that, at the request of Sec- 
retary Stanton, Judge Black vis- 
ited Mrs. Thompson in Canada on 
a secret mission, to learn, if possi- 
ble, what, if any grounds for peace 
could be reached. 

In addition to our usual month- 
ly exchanges, we acknowledge re- 
ceipt this month of the Roanoke 
Collegia n, the Ra n dolph — Maco n 
Monthly, and the DeLand Colle- 
giate from the Land of Flowers. 
We will be glad to exchange with 
you, gentlemen. Let us hear from 
you again. 



The College World. 

=±=Columbia will celebrate her 
one hundreth anniversary April 
17th, 1887. 

=The Nebraska Wesleyan Uni- 
versity has been located at Lin- 

=The oldest college in America 
is the college of Mexico which 
was founded fifty years before 

=The authorities at Princeton 
are considering a proposition, sug- 
gested by President McCosh, to 
transform the college into a uni- 

=The most heavily endowed 
institutions in the United States 
are Girard, $10,002,000; Colum- 
bia, $5,000,000; Johns Hopkins, 
$4,000,000; Harvard, $3,000,000; 
Princeton, $2,500,000 ; Lehigh, 
$1,800,000; Cornell, $1,400,000. 

=Tulane University, New Or- 
leans, has received a donation of 
$100,000 from a New York lady 
with which to establish a college 
forthe higher education of women. 

= Harvard rejoices in a legacy 
from E. P. Greenleaf, of Boston. 
The amount is $500,000. 

=Sixty thousand dollars have 
been bequeathed to the Univer- 

sity of Pennsylvania for the ii 
vestigation of spiritualism. 

=The combined new Freshmaj 
class of all the colleges of th| 
University of Cambridge, consist 
of nine hundred and thirty-eio-hi 
members, the largest ever admil 


=As a proof against the state 
ment that co-education is a "ridic 
ulous experiment," it is state 
that there are 18,000 ladies in th„ 
different colleges of the Unite 

=The students of Pennsylva 1 
nia colleges have half fare ticket) 
on all railroads issued to then 
wherever they travel. The PresJ : 
dent of the college issues blank 
which are filled out and whicl 
when presented at any ticket offic 
entitles the holder to a half-fari 

=A new college for the highe 
education of women, is to be builft 
almost immediately in Montreal 
It is a result of a bequest of nearly 
$400,000 by the late Mr. Donalc 
Ross of that city. 

=Princeton has seventeen' 
alumni associations. The Ne« ( 
York association alone contains! 
1,200 numbers. 



=The wife of the Mikado of j 
pan is a graduate of Vassar. 

=There is a movement on foot 
■w toward the formation of an 
ter-collegiate Press Association. 

-=Seven thousand dollars is an- 
ually distributed by Vassar in 
If to poor students. 

^:=The regular meeting of the 
.iter-collegiate Rowing Associa- 
on was held at the Fifth Avenue 
otel in New York city on the 
1st of December. Delegates 
tere present from Columbia, Cor- 
Ml, Bowdoin, University of Penn- 
tlvania and Brown. 

' =Father Duffy, of Brooklyn, 
is issued an order to the young 
dies of St. Agnes' Seminary 
t ;terdicting the bang and frizz, 
,id insisting that the scholars 
,iall not make themselves look 
fke poodle dogs, but wear their 
; air plain and neatly brushed 
3 ack. — Ex. 

= lt is said that Lafayette was 
le first institution to offer a diplo- 
ma to those who did not desire to 
cudy Latin and Greek. 


I =Bancroft, the venerable histo- 

;an, is one of Harvard's 317. 

=The New York Alumni Asso- 

iation of Williams College, at its 

,2cent meeting at Delmonico's, 

,ppointed a committee for . the 

urpose of securing $50,000 for 

the erection of a new recitation 
hall for the college. F. F. Thomp- 
son, of the First National Bank of 
New York, offered to give the last 
$10,000 of the sum. 

=The parents of a student who 
was expelled from Dickinson have 
begun a suit for $10,000 damages. 
This will test the power of college 

=The trustees of Princeton 
have decided to confer the degree 
of B. D. (Bachelor of Divinity) 
upon all graduates of the Semi- 

=The Prussian Minister of 
Education has decided against 
the admission of women into the 
universities. Russia has done the 

^Westminster is the only Pres- 
byterian college in Missouri. Both 
the Northern and the Southern 
branches of the church participate 
in the management. The institu- 
tion was chartered in 1853. The 
college department has six profes- 
sors and about ninety students. 
There is a preparatory depart- 
ment. Women are not admitted. 
— Ex. 

=The University of Wisconsin 
is a State institution. In the un- 
der-graduate department there are 
thirty-three instructors and about 
four hundred students. Women 
are admitted-. The studies are 
largely elective. Degrees are con- 



ferred in arts, letters, science, ag- 
riculture and engineering. There 
is a law department with seven 
instructors and about sixty stu- 
dents. — Ex. 

=The following statistics were 
brought to light at the two hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of 
Harvard. They are very interest- 
ing, and show the remarkable 
growth of that institution: Dur- 
ing the first century there were 
1,275 graduates; during the sec- 
ond, 4,222, and during the first 
half of the third, 5,436. The 
number of men on an average in 
a class the first century was 12.75, 
during the second, 42.22, and dur- 
ing the last fifty years 108. 7, and 
for the five years just past 198.5. 
The two oldest graduates gradu- 
ated in 181 1. The class of 1812 
has no living member, '13 only 
one, '14 none, '15 one, '16 none, 
but '17 five. Only one man grad- 
uated in 1652 and 1654, while in 
1644, 1648, 1672, 1682 and 1688, 
there were no graduates. As late 
as 1704, only four graduated. The 
first class over fifty was in 1765, 
over one hundred in i860, and 
over two hundred in 1883. The 
largest class that ever graduated 
was in 1886, which numbered two 
hundred and twenty-two men- 
five and a half times as many as 
in 1836. The first degree of D. D. 
was conferred on Increase Mather 
in 1692, and the first LL. D. on 

George Washington in 1776. Tl 
average age of deceased graduatj 
since 1836 is 58.4 years — docto 
57.3, ministers 64.9, and lawye 
50.0. One of the most interestir 
things left by the celebration w; 
the registration book of the gra 
uates present at it, and is a fittin 
companion to a similar book pr 
served from the two hundredt 
anniversary in 1836. 

=If the college paper is to h 
progressive, if it is to be the "fea 
less exponent of reform," and w 
believe that it ought to be, the! 
an annual meeting of the pres 
representatives, at which time a 
questions of interest pertaining t 
college journalism can be freel 
and fully discussed, would cor 
duce to the highest interest an: 
lead to the publication of colleg 
papers worthy the name. — Oberli 

=Speaking of the Universit; 
of Berlin, a correspondent of th! 
Neiv York Tribune says: "In thi 
four faculties proper — Theologi 
cal, Law, Medical, and Philosoph 
ical — there are 5,357 regularly maj 
triculated students, and adding 
the other schools which are als<! 
parts of the University, the num- 
ber rises to the aggregate of 6,88ol 
Every country in Europe is repre 1 
sented, and besides, Asia, Africa 
Australia, and America. T1k 
United States still leads in the 
list of foreign States, having 14c 



presentatives. This strong del- 
nation entitles the Americans in 
ality to a membership of the 
})verning body of the students, 
id the question of candidature 
as seriously considered. But af- 
«:r reflection it was decided ad- 
sable to refrain from any official 
onnection with the political par- 
es, when party spirit is as bitter 
nong the students as in the 
.eichstag itself. The only other 
Duntries which at all compare 
ith the United States are Russia 
ith 98 and Switzerland with 80. 
Treat Britain, with its usual con- 
;rvatism and fidelity to Cam- 

ridge and Oxford, has sent but 
8.' Japan has 21 and Turkey 7. 

>n the American delegation the 
umber of University of Virginia 
len is surprising. I believe that 
Id University has had more sons 
.1 Berlin than any other American 
ollege, not excepting Harvard or 
'Tale. The city is not adapted to 
ihe success of duelling corps, and 
Berlin, despite its collossal mem- 
icrship, has fewer duels than al- 
nost any other German Univer- 
ity. In fact, duelling seems finally 
ailing into disfavor. Public opin- 
on is beginning to condemn it. 
i\ bill has been introduced in the 
3.eichtag for its more stringent 
:ontrol and eventual abolish- 

=Denison University, founded 
n 1831, is the only Baptist college 
n Ohio. It comprises a college 

department and a preparatory de- 
partment. In the college there 
are eleven instructors and about 
eighty students. Degrees are given 
in arts, philosophy, and science ; 
but the classical course of pre- 
scribed studies is still the favorite. 
Women are not admitted. — Ex. 

=Amherst College was founded 
in 1 82 1. It has twenty-two pro- 
fessors and eleven other instruct- 
ors. The students usually number 
about three hundred and fifty. 
The only department is the regu- 
lar college course of four years. 
Almost all of the students are can- 
didates for A. B., but a very few 
are candidates for S. B , and dur- 
ing the latter years of the regular 
course there is considerable free- 
dom in choice of studies. The 
standard is high. Amherst was 
the first college to lay stress upon 
physical training. It was also the 
first college to place in the hands 
of an undergraduate senate a great 
part of the college discipline. The 
college is conservative, refusing to 
admit women, and still giving the 
classics their ancient place. It is 
not a State institution, and it is 
not sectarian, although it is prac- 
tically controlled by orthodox 
Congregationalists. The gymna- 
sium, the art gallery and the libra- 
ry are well worth seeing, and the 
last is one of the few college libra- 
ries that are actually accessible and 
useful. — Ex. 



=The undergraduate depart- 
ment of Western Reserve is called 
the Adelbert College of Western 
Reserve University. For many 
years that department was at Hud- 
son, and was called Western Re- 
serve College. The change of 
name and of location was made in 
1882. In the college there are 
ten instructors and about one hun- 
dred students. Women are ad- 
mitted. The University has a 
medical department at Cleveland 
and preparatory departments at 
Hudson and Green Springs. The 
Case School of Applied Science is 
in the immediate neighborhood 
of Adelbert College and answers 
the purpose of a scientific depart- 
ment ; but, although it is man- 
aged in sympathy with the uni- 
versity, its government is wholly 
independent, and it is not properly 
a department of Western Reserve. 
— Ex. 

= Madison University is a Bap- 
tist institution. It comprises a 
theological seminary, a college 
and a preparatory school. In the 
college there are ten instructors 
and about one hundred students. 
Almost all of the students take 
the classical course of prescribed 

=The University of Pennsyl- 
vania was established in 1755. Its 
college or under-graduate depart- 
ment comprises courses in arts, 
science, philosophy, finance and 

economy, and music. The uni 
versity also has departments o 
law, medicine, dentistry, veteri| 
nary medicine, and biology. Ii 
the course in arts there are one; 
hundred and thirteen students; in 
science, two hundred and eight 
students; in philosophy, twenty 
in finance, twenty-seven ; in music 
twelve, making a total of three 
hundred and eighty students fo 
the college department. The 
total number of students in all de 
partments is one thousand and 

= Harvard University comprises 
the college, the scientific school, 
the divinity school, the law school, 
the medical school, the dental 
school, the school of agriculture 
and horticulture, several museums 
and laboratories, the observatory, 
the library, and the graduate de- 
partment. The total number of 
instructors is about two hundred. 
In the college there are about one 
thousand students, all candidates 
for A. B. There are usually five 
or six hundred students in the 
other departments. In the col- 
lege the course after freshman 
year is wholly elective, and the 
practice of the more careful stu- 
dents is to devote their last two 
years almost wholly to some 
special line of study. There are 
good opportunities for advanced 
work in almost any branch : for 
example, each of the following 
subjects has from ten to twenty 



lectives — Greek, Latin, French, 
German. Philosophy, History, 
lathematics, Physics, Chemistry, 
nd Natural History, and besides 
here are courses in many other 

subjects. In all departments of 
the university text-books are used 
comparatively little, and great 
stress is laid upon original re- 



College Record. 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

— Professor Holmes has set out 
a number of small pecan trees in 
the campus. We are glad to see 
this move, for they combine the 
useful and the ornamental. 

— A. H. Blunt, the photographer 
of Danville, Va., was here not 
long since, staid four days and was 
well patronized. He is Vice- 
President of the American Photo- 
graphic Association and from 
what we have heard and seen his 
work gives general satisfaction. 

— Mr. Mehagan of Tarboro, the 
dancing master, is here in all his 
glory. He gives lessons every 
evening in Gymnasium Hall, and 
there either marshals, reps, ball 
managers, freshmen and seniors 
" learn to tip the light fantastic 

— The servants are now culti- 
vating the campus on the Gulliver- 
nian plan, at any rate the village 
pigs are doing their share whether 
the nuts have been planted "a 
foot apart and eight inches deep" 
or not. They add much to the 
beauty of the campus and we 
most respectfully suggest that 
they be adopted as one of the 
permanent attractions. 

— "Kuncks" appeared earlie 
than usual on account of the warnj' 
weather. Its followers are nume 
ous and earnest. The Faculty 
have been petitioned to light u 
the grounds by electricity. Base 
ball also returned with th<i 
spring. , 

— Professor James H. Rayhill 
of Jacksonville, Illinois, taught i 
class in Elocution recently. A: 
the times for speaking draw nigl 
the demand for instruction in thi: 
noble art increases. Mr. Rayhil 
came to us with very high recom 
mendations. President Batth 
giving him' almost unqualifiec 
praise. He had quite a large 
class. During his stay he gave a 
very interesting and pleasing 
entertainment, reading a large 
selection of comic and serious 

— Mr. Vernon W. Long of the 
Senior class will soon have an 
article in The Current entitled : 
" A Leaf from a Bachelor's Life.' 
It will be remembered that he re 
ceived the Phi. Essay medal in 
1885. He is a good writer and we 
wish him all success. 

— The monthly lecturer for 
January was Hon. John Manning 



id his subject was a sketch of 
le Right to hold alien Lands. 
~e sketched the laws of Anglo 
axon England on this subject 
id showed the effects of the 
orman Conquest on them, then 
paling down, he showed how 
iiese had gradually been hard- 
iied and strengthened during the 
last and that the advocates of 
-eorgeism were striking at the 
,tvy root of. happiness, prosperity 
jid power for these are founded 
n the basis of a home, land and 

The Shakespeare Club is a 

ecided success. 

. January 12th Dr. Hume deliv- 

i • 

red before the club a very excel- 

.nt lecture on Shakespeare's 

jethod of Moral Teaching. 

January 19th. The tragedy of 
ling Lear was discussed : 
: Burzvell — Sources of the plot, 
radual growth of this old story. 

Grissom — Lear's madness. 

Smith — The expressive use of 
ompound words. 

Professor Winston — The charac- 
ir of Cordelia, the author's skill 
1 causing her to be painted in 
ae imagination and not by her 
■wn words, the belief in fate Tun- 
ing through the play. 

Dr. Hume — The heathen set- 
ng of the play and still christian 
ght shines forth. 

H. Parker — The reason for the 
eath of the Fool. 

Reasons for the introduction of 
the sub-plot of Gloster and his 
sons were advanced by Dr. Hume 
and Professor Winston. 

February 2nd. Othello was the 
subject for discussion. The fol- 
lowing criticisms were offered : 

SJiaffner — On the character of 

McGeliee — On the character of 

Baker — Iago and Othello con- 

Hester — Recited some choice 
selections. He introduced a feat- 
ure worthy of imitation. 

Smith — Othello not a perfect 

Professor Venable — -Othello no 
judge of human nature. 

Hackett — Othello a strong char- 
acter for his race. 

Long — Contrast of Richard III, 
Edmund and Iago. 

Grissom — Othello highly es- 
teemed by the senators of Venice. 

Dr. Hume — The historical 
foundation for the play. 

The criticisms were good and 
the meeting one of the best. 

Subject for February 16th — 
Twelfth Night. 

Subject for March 2nd — Julius 

The ladies and gentlemen of 
the village were invited to attend 
the meeting on February 16th 
and hear the discussion of Twelfth 

Professor W. A. Blair, of Win- 



ston was elected an honorary 

— We are very glad to note the 
great improvement in Merritt's 
drug store. It is almost as tidy 
as a parlor. Look at his new "ad" 
in- this issue and if you need any- 
thing in his line don't fail to go to 
see him. 

Scientific Society— Report for 

Solar Eclipses Prof. Gore. 

External Signs of Lodes and Veins, 

Prof. Phillips. 

Isolation of Fluorien Prof. Venable. 

Ancient Mathematics _ Prof. Graves. 


Meeting called to order by Prof. 
Holmes. Thirty-seven present. 

The first paper was one by Dr. 
Venable, giving a further account 
of the 

Isolation of Fluorine. 
He exhibited a diagram of the 
apparatus used in the experiment, 
describing also the mode of carry- 
ing out the experiment. The great 
chemical energy of the element 
was noted. It was stated that M. 
Moissau's experiments left little 
doubt as to the reality of the iso- 
lation of this element. 


Dr. Venable also read a paper 
on the rise of this new industry. 
One-third the weight of unwashed 
wool consists of this grease. It is 

generally wasted in this country 
The European manufacturers have 
long saved the water used in waslu 
ing wool, distilling from the grease 
contained in it an illuminating 
gas, and using the caked residue 
for the extraction of potash. The 
wool is now washed by improved 
methods, the grease saved and' 
used for lubricating or refined and 
used medicinally and in pharma 
cy. It is sold under the names: 
lanolin, agnine, etc. Used to 
substitute vaseline and the oleates. 

In the discussion following the, 
reading of this paper, Dr. George 
Mallett corroborated the state- 
ments as to the use of " agnine " : 
in pharmacy, it mixing readily 
with water and acting better than 
the oleates. 

Can an Air-Bubble Function as an 
Organ of Respiration ? 

Under the head of this paper, 
Prof. Atkinson explained, first, the 
nature of respiration, and second- 
ly, of organs of respiration. He 
then discussed the respiration of 
certain air-breathing insects in 
water, these insects lacking the 
usual trachael gills of aquatic in- 
sects. The Belostoma, Notonecta 
and Corisa were mentioned. The 
Corisa differs from the first two 
in the length of time it stays un- 
der water. It carries a bubble of 
air below the surface of the water, 
holding it while passing a current 
of water by it. This being its 
sole visible supply for sometimes 



n hour, the question arises, can 
nere be an interchange between 
he fresh air of the water and the 
nitiated air of the bubble by a 
species of osmoris. 

Prof. Atkinson exhibited speci- 
mens of ten insects in water. The 
)ifieory of osmosis was then dis- 
cussed by Professors Gore, Vena- 
i|e, and others. 

1 Dr. Phillips then read a paper 
m the 

I Classification of Ore-Deposits. 
j While in Germany, and other 
ontinental counties, a close classi- 
cation is adopted, there seems to 
e no universal system in either 
England or the United States. 
Various definitions of ore-deposits 
^ere then given. The German 
lassification of them as regards 
,l rigin, then effect of originating 
orces, their shape, position and 
ixtent was given. This was then 
compared with the imperfect Eng- 
lish system. A continuation of 
me paper was promised. 
I ; The last paper of the evening 
fi/as read by Prof. Holmes on 

Rainfall Statistics for North Car- 
olina . 

The annual rainfall of many sta- 
ions was given, including the ex- 
remes. Greensboro, 20 in., and 
Henry, 132 in. The rainfall was 
hen given by districts, and lastly 
4 or the State as a whole the rain- 
.all of 50.49 was calculated. 
\mong the most remarkable con- 

tinuous rains were mentioned one 
at Henry's of over 13 inches, and 
several of 8.9 and 10 inches. 

Mr. Lynch's name was placed 
on the list of associate members, 
and that of Dr. Duggan on the 
roll of regular members. 

Wilmington, N. C, 
February 5, i88y. 
Editor Magazine : — 

I wish to say a few words con- 
cerning a matter in which our two 
literary societies are interested. I 
allude to the fact that students 
coming to the University from 
territory belonging of right to the 
Philanthropic Society are expect- 
ed to join, and do join, the Dialec- 
tic Society. The counties thus 
allotted are New Hanover, Samp- 
son, and, I think, Pender. I am 
led to mention the matter in your 
columns because the controllers of 
THE MAGAZINE and those inter- 
ested in this subject are the same 
persons, and because it is the best 
plan for reaching Alumni of the 
two societies, who may very pro- 
bably enable us to reach a just 

Since the writer's first knowl- 
edge of the University, it has been 
a matter of speculation among 
members of the Philanthropic So- 
ciety as to why her sister society 
should have those students who 
came from several counties belong- 
ing to the former. We all know 



that the settled custom, whether 
tacit or formal, has been that stu- 
dents from eastern counties be- 
longed to the Phi. Society, while 
those from western counties be- 
longed to the Di., and that the 
dividing line passes from Granville 
on. the north to Robeson on the 
south, both of those counties be- 
ing Phi. territory, Wake county 
having generally the same tenden- 
cy. Now why does the Di. Society 
hold counties undoubtedly in the 
territory of the other society, one 
of them being in many respects 
the most important county in the 
State — certainly in all respects the 
most important in the east? The 
following explanation has been 
made, and seems the correct one : 
That in the first years of the es- 
tablishment of the two societies, 
the western part of the State was 
so sparsely settled that its stu- 
dents at the University were not 
nearly so numerous as those from 
the east, and that the students 
from the counties named were al- 
lotted to the Di. Society to rem- 
edy this inequality. That was 
perfectly right, and redounds to 
the generosity of the boys of those 
days. But now matters are chang- 
ed. The west is as numerously, if 
not more numerously, represented 
as the east, and it will manifestly 
be disadvantageous to the Phi. 
Society for the Di. Society to 
longer hold counties belonging to 
the former. The Phi. Society has 


for three years experienced this 
inequality, and has endeavored to 
have it remedied, but so far with 
out success. As one who feels a 
great interest in everything con-* 
nected with the prosperty of our 
two societies, and believing that 
neither one can permanently pros 
per at the expense of the other, I 
desire thai the question shall be 
settled with entire justice to all 
concerned. If it is not settled by 
those who alone have the power, 
then the justice of the present ar- 
rangement will remain in doubt, 
and if it is unjust, why it will only} 
increase with time. Some say 
that if the counties in question 
were given back to the Phi. Socie- 
ty, the students from those coun- 
ties would not join that society, 
because their attachment will be 
with the society their predecessors 
have joined. Well, if they should 
not, the Di. Society would have 
relieved itself of the responsibility 
how resting upon it. But I be- 
lieve that if the cession is made it 
will only be a question of time — 
and short time, too — as to their 
joining the society to which they 
rightfully belong. Will not the 
members of the Di. Society settle 
the matter at once? I hope so. If 
it rightfully belongs to them, why 
let them keep it, but if it does not, 
why let it be properly arranged. 

P. B. Manning. 



Book Review 

V. W. Long. 

A THE CLOUDS. By Charles Egbert 
jCraddock, Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 
! Boston. 

[I Miss Mary N. Murfree, or as 
ke is better known, Chas. Egbert 
jraddock, has produced several 
Tories, but none so good and 
jone so extended as this latest. 
;,ast spring, " The Prophet of 
jhe Great Smoky Mountains" 
ras brought out. Like its prede- 
cessors it was enjoyed. " In The 
douds" has the same locus and 
iany of the kind of scenes as the 
jrophet, etc. The character of 
=)orinda in the latter is very simi- 
Kr to Lethe in the former, yet the 
writings of Chas. Egbert Crad- 
fock, like the mountains she de- 
:ribes never grow tiresome. She 
}2ems to have caught some of 
oat simple, grand, indescribable 
jeauty of her own mountains and 
:ut it into her books. It is aston- 
ihing how she can take a few 
nountaineers, tell the story of 
beir life among the glens and 
r rags, weaving in a rain-bow here, 
. summer cloud there and make 
f it a glowing scene which never 
alls. In the present case the 
lot is simple. Two mountaineers, 
'ete Rood and Mink Lorey (and 

a veritable Mink he is) are in love 
with the same girl. Love among 
the mountains is like love every- 
where else, — rivals are enemies, — 
and in this case one injures the 
other and comes near getting him 
hanged. Mink like, he escapes, 
but is shot by a neighbor, who 
mistakes him for a "haunt." The 
other lover dies of heart disease, 
and nobody is married. Sad end- 
ing, but the story isn't spoiled. 
We have often wondered why 
novelists* — as^Scott in the " Bride 
of Lammermoor" and in "Kenil- 
worth," as Black in "Madcap Vio- 
let," — will make every thing turn 
out wrong. Of course they are 
depicting life, but wouldn't it be 
somewhat better if they wouldn't 
leave one feeling that nearly all of 
life is a horrible tragedy? In this 
novel we can complain (if com- 
plain we can at all) at only two 
things : the story is too long 
drawn out and doesn't end like 
we wish. This series of novels is 
an important feature in our Ameri- 
can literature. Cable has photo- 
graphed Creole life, Joel Chandler 
Harris has made "Uncle Remus" 
world-known and Charles Egbert 
Craddock is sketching; the East 



Tennessee character with a vivid- 
ness and truthfulness that will 
make its place in letters perma- 
nent. Every person should read 
one or more of her works, — they 
are worthy. 


Henry James. MacMillan & Co.: New 

Here we have London low-life, 
that same life which Charles 
Dickens has so well described and 
which will always interest the stu- 
dent of human nature. Mr. James 
as a prolific writer, but in our 
opinion he has never written a 
story equal to "The Princess Cas- 
samassima." The plot is good and 
its development, orderly and cli- 
mactic. After all it seems to be 
more the story of little Hyacinth 
Robinson (a most charming char- 
acter) than of the Princess. As 
for the Princess she's not an un- 
interesting character and seems to 
have two objects in life — never to 
suffer from ennui and always cu- 
riously to look into the life of 
others around her. 

There is certainly pathos in the 
story. In almost every line is 
woven a sigh for the unfortunate 
and ignobly-born Hyacinth. Wit, 
too, is here, and almost every 
page is lit up by its merry flow. 

It seems to be the main idea of 
the author to discuss Socialism, 
not in the abstract, but as applied 
to individuals. Mr. James is un- 

doubtedly a realist, but he is al ■ 
ways delicate — never showing th< 
brutal side of human nature, anc 
we thank him for it, — we gei 
enough of the world's coarsenes ,i 
in every-day life, without reading 
it in our pleasure-books. 

Christian Reid, our Caro 
lina novelist, has just publisher, 
through D. Appleton & Co., a nev 
novel entitled " Miss Churchill 
A Study." We hope to give som< 
notes on it in our next number 

Chas. H. Kerr & Co.: Chicago. 

This is the title of a neat littk 
book issued by Chas. H. Kerr 
Co., of Chicago. It contains ex 
tracts from Saxo Grammaticus 
and other writers of the twelftl 
century, throwing light on the 
sources of Shakespeare's grandest 
play. To the Shakesperian stu 
dent it is invaluable. Price, 25 


Putnam's Sons : New York.) 

This book is truly one of repre 
sentative Essays. It contains the 
following : 

The Mutability of Literature 
By Washington Irving. 

Imperfect Sympathies. By Chas 

Conversation. By Thomas De 



Compensation. By Ralph Wal- 


1 Sweetness and Light. By Mat- 
la ew Arnold. 

q On Popular Culture. By John 

On a Certain Condescension in 
foreigners. By James Russell 

) On History. By Thos. Carlyle. 
j History. By Thos. B. Macauley. 
' The Science of History. By 
lames Anthony Froude. 
t Race and Language. By Ed- 
ward A. Freeman. 

Kin Beyond Sea. By William 

1 Gladstone. 

This volume has in it more 
thought, more drains, than a whole 
library of modern fiction. It is the 
kind of a book to place in the 
hands of a young man, to keep 
on your table, to take with you 
on a trip. It would make a first- 
rate text-book for a college or 
university, while it possesses all 
the charms which usually attract 
the general reader of this class 
of literature. 

The more you use a book like 
this the more you like it. After 
awhile it becomes like the face of 
an old friend — always agreeable. 


niversity Magazine. 

March, 1887. 

d Series Vol. XIX. 
;w Series Vol. VI. 


No. 7. 


Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 


Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett.. 




R. N. Hackett. 


The subject of this sketch was 
urn in the county of Buncombe, 
ar the seat of justice, Asheville, 
tthe mountains of North Caro- 
ia, on the 13th of May, 1830. 
is father was a most respected 
srchant. His mother's father, 
1-bulon Baird, was one of the 
-isted citizens of Buncombe, for 
my years chosen as their repre- 
ntative in the General Assembly. 
His father died when he was 
ite young. His mother devo- 
i herself to his training with 
2 loving and intelligent care 

which so often distinguish and re- 
ward the women of our land. Her 
slender means however prevented 
her giving him other education in 
his boyhood than was afforded by 
the country schools in which 
Pike's Arithmetic and Webster's 
Elementary spelling book were 
the chief text books. But young 
Zeb. had an inquiring mind. He 
read with avidity every volume 
within his reach, and being gifted 
with great quickness and a strong 
memory, in his boyhood he began 
the accumulation of the stores of 



illustrations and strong opposite 
diction which have/made him con- 
spicuous in his manhood. He 
had access to few books, but those 
were good ones. A gentleman, 
fresh from the senior class of the 
University, traveling in Buncombe, 
was amazed at finding the supe- 
rior acquaintance and aptness of 
quotations from the Bible, Shake- 
speare, and Scott's novels, dis- 
played by our half grown and half 
educated mountain boy, and 
twenty-five years ago predicted 
his subsequent success. 

In 1852, young Vance went to 
the University of North Carolina 
where he spent a year. He stood 
among the first in the branches to 
which he devoted himself. He 
here began the study of law and 
soon after was admitted to the 
bar; he made Ashevillehis home, 
and soon commanded a fair share 
of practice; he early became in- 
fluential with the jury, humor and 
ready eloquence telling on the 
mind of the average mountaineer. 
He tells on himself with much 
glee the first compliment he re- 
ceived for his forensic efforts, 
" Zeb., if you can only get a past 
the Judge, I'd as lief have you as 
any old lawyer." It was not long 
before his " getting past the 
Judge" was not a subject of 

Like most young men of active 
and ambitious minds, Mr. Vance 
went early intd politics. He was 


elected to the legislature in 1854,1 
where he was one of the mosti 
prominent among the young men,!" 
being an enthusiastic Henry Clayi 
whig. His peculiar powers were 
not fully developed, however, until) 1 
1858, when he took the stump iii 
opposition to the late W. Wj! 
Avery, as a candidate for thq 
national house of Representati 
in the mountain district. 

This district had once beenf 
whig. The people, however, were) 
devoted to Thomas L. Clingman/ 
who for many years represented;! 
them in Congress. When Mr;; 
Clingman swung around to thq! 
Democratic side, he retained hU\ 
ascendancy, notwithstanding hi^l 
change of base, carrying the disj 
trict in 1857, by 2,000 majority, 
over his whig opponent. When! 
in consequence of being promoted 
to the Senate, he resigned his 
seat, it was generally thought that 
Mr. Avery, a man strong in dej 
bate and of influential familyjl 
would easily fill the vacancy.l 
When Mr. Vance announced hi.4 1 
intention to oppose him, he was 
applauded for his gallantry, bul 
laughed at for his supposed follyi! 
In this campaign Mr. Vance, theii" 
only 28 years old, displayed thosd" 
qualities of a stump orator anqi 
leader of men for which he is novjj 
so conspicuous and unequalled 
quick at repartee, teeming witlj 
anecdotes which he tells witlj 
happy humor, able to pass at wil 



>:om mirth moving fun to invec- 
ve, eloquence and pathos, by his 
ower of presenting arguments 
nd facts in an interesting light, 
is consummate tact and winning 
ays, " he stole away the hearts 
f the people." He was elected 
; iy as large a majority as the year 
refore had been given to his 
temocratic predecessor. 

In the following year David 
!:oleman, another distinguished 
democrat, measured his strength 
ijith the young whig, but the 
iffort to diminish his majority 
ailed. Coleman met the fate of 
vvery, and thenceforth Mr. Vance 
ias supreme west of the Blue 

-. In Congress he was an active 
nd watchful member, he took 
ides strongly and labored earf\- 
, ; 3tly against secession, at the same 
jime warning the country against 
toercion of the Southern States 
jy force of arms. His appeals for 
pe Union in Congress and before 
,iie people were earnest and 
powerful, but when Sumter was 
ired upon, like all the leading 
Jnion men of North Carolina, 
f-adger, Graham, Ruffin, Gilmer 
snd others, believing in the right 
if revolution, he cast his lot with 
is native State and took up arms 
-gainst the Union. 
| Whatever Mr. Vance does he 
! oes with all his might. He was 
ne of the earliest volunteers, 
iiarching to the seat of war in 

Virginia as a captain in May, 1861. 
It was not long before his promo- 
tion came, he having been elected 
Colonel of the 26th Regiment of 
North" Carolina troops ill August, 

1 861. He was among the brave 
fighters who drove McClellan to 
his ships on the James, and 
brought his regiment off safely 
when Branch's little army was 
overwhelmed by Burnside at New- 
berne. He shared cheerfully all 
the hardships and dangers of his 

He was a faithful and gallant 
officer, and civillians and soldiers 
united in the demand that he 
should be the next Governor of 
North Carolina! He was chosen 
by ah overwhelming majority in 

1862, and two years later over the 
late Governor W. W. Holden. 

As Governor of North Carolina in 
those troubulous times, Mr. Vance 
displayed talents for which even 
his most ardent admirers had not 
given him credit. Blessed with a 
strong frame and hardy constitu- 
tion, he was able to go through 
an incredible amount of hard 
work, mental and physical. He 
exhibited administrative and ex- 
ecutive powers of the highest 
order. It became his duty to aid 
the Confederate Government in 
securing and maintaining in its 
armies the military contingent of 
North Carolina. It was likewise 
his duty to assist, as commander- 
in-chief of the militia, in repelling 



invasion of its territory. It was 
his province to execute largely 
the functions of a war minister, 
and when the full history of the 
war shall be written, it will be 
found that he excelled all South- 
ern Governors in vigor and ability 
in these regards. He kept his State 
up to the full measure of its obli- 
gation under the Constitution of 
the Confederacy. At the same 
time he was watchful that there 
should be no infringement of the 
rights of the State. 

In the midst of the very death 
struggle of the war, he insisted 
that the military should be subor- 
dinate to the civil powers. It 
should be known and remembered 
throughout the civilized world, 
that all during the time when the 
Confederacy was vainly fighting 
for life, and when one-fourth of 
the State was overrun by contend- 
ing armies, the great privilege of 
the writ of habeas corpus was 
never suspended. North Carolina 
had judges firm enough to issue 
that great writ and a Governor 
brave enough to enforce its man- 
dates in the midst of conscript 
camps, even in the lines of troops 
drawn up in order of battle. While 
Mr. Vance took care that there 
should be no skulkers or deserters 
among those liable under the con- 
script law, he took equal care, 
that all who claimed they were 
not liable, should have on their 

petition an impartial hearing be- 
fore a judicial officer. 

It was by his efforts likewise, 
that supplies of clothing and other 
needful articles were regularly im- 
ported from England, through the 
blockading squadron at Wilming- 
ton. All during 1863 and 1864, 
the departure and arrival of the 
Advance were watched for with 
breathless interest by the soldiers 
of North Carolina, whose wants 
the Confederate Government 
could not supply. And when in 
the excitement during the trial of 
Wirg for bad treatment of Federal 
prisoners, efforts were made by 
the enemies of Mr. Vance, to con- 
nect him with the sufferings of 
the Salisbury prison, an examina- 
tion showed that he had been ac- 
tive in alleviating those sufferings. 

During 1864 there sprang up in 
North Carolina a reactionary 
party, headed by Holden and 
others, composed of those who 
had despaired of the success of 
the Confederacy. But Governor 
Vance took the ground that the 
power of making peace had been 
devolved on that government, and 
that any separate State action 
would bring not only disgrace but 
ruin to the State. He therefore 
struggled with unfaltering con- 
stancy for Southern success until 
the surrender of General Johnson 
to General Sherman. 

He now laid down his high 
office with dignity, conscious that 



ihe had done his best and that de- 
|t feat of his plans was the act of 
'God. He renewed his vows of 
I allegiance to the general govern- 
ment, determined thenceforth to 
..contribute all that in him lay to 
•the advancement of his native 
.State, and the dignity and glory 
;<of the Union. 

He was arrested after the close 

I of the war, and suffered imprison- 

■ ment at Washington on account 

i of his prominence in the struggle, 

1 but on examination of his letter- 

i books and other documents, it was 

! found that his conduct in the 

struggle was according to the rules 

of civilized warfare, and the senti- 

<■ ments of the North being against 

personal punishment for treason, 

¥he was honorably discharged. 

Governor Vance then returned 
:to the practice of his profession, 
t making Charlotte his home. 

In 1870, he was elected Senator 

of the United States, but on ac- 

1 count of the disabilities imposed 

by the 14th amendment to the 

Constitution, was not allowed to 

1 take his seat. 

In 1872, he was the nominee of 
I C the Democratic party of the Legis- 
lature for the.same high office, but 
1 was defeated in rhe election, by a 
coalition between a few friends of 
Judge Merrimon, and the Repub- 
licans. He was nominated for 
Governor of North Carolina by 
j ;the Democrats in 1876, and was 
' elected by a large majority over 

his opponent, Judge Settle. This 
canvass will long be remembered 
in North Carolina. He received 
the degree LL. D. from David- 
son College in 1867. 

In 1878 he was again the nomi- 
nee of the Democrats of the 
Legislature for United States 
Senator, and was this time elected. 
This position he has held ever 
since. His fame as a statesman 
has continued to grow, until he is 
now widely known all over the 
Union as a leader of the Demo- 
cratic wing of the Senate. He is 
ever fearless in his efforts to do 
that which will benefit his con 
stituents most. 

Senator Vance is a married man 
and has four children. He is ex- 
ceedingly lovable in private life, 
and has more warm personal 
friends, probably, than any man 
in North Carolina; he is an espe- 
cial favorite with those judges of 
a kind heart, ladies and children. 
He bubbles over with fun and 
anecdote, his bon mots are quoted 
throughout the State. " Have 
you heard Vance's last ?" is a com- 
mon mode of commencing a jovial 

He is distinguished as a lectu- 
rer, and is often called on by 
literary societies, and by those 
desiring to aid charitable institu- 
tions by receipts at the door of 
the lecture hall. His lecture on 
the " Scattered Nation" delivered 
some years ago in Baltimore, 



Charleston, Norfolk and other 
cities outside of North Carolina, 
won the highest encomiums of 
press and public ; his more recent 
lectures in Boston, New York and 
Baltimore in regard to " The 
South" have been greatly praised. 
The Senator has found time to 
read much on social, historical 
and political subjects, and has the 
power of presenting his views in an 

attractive and interesting manner 
When in North Carolina, th< 
Senator resides at Gombroon, hi: 
beautiful mountain residence. H<| 
has been aptly called, " The Sag<| 
of Gombroon." May he liv^ 
many years, and continue to givq 
North Carolina and the Union; 
the benefit of his wise counsel; 
and wise legislation. 

K. P. Battle. 


By Mrs. C. P. Spencer. 

When the University calls over 
the roll of her sons there are 
names at which always a pause is 
made. These are the names of 
our early dead, who while here 
gave brilliant promise of the vir- 
tues, the genius, the generous 
ardor which should have added 
fresh lustre to the annals of North 
Carolina. Thus much and no 
more was permitted. They shone, 
but their light was soon extin- 
guished. Their names we preserve, 
and from time to time we clear 
away the moss and mould that 
gather over them and with fond 
regret pronounce them aloud once 

Young and gallant and gifted 
spirits, once so proudly gay, the 

centre of such ardent hopes, such 
fond anticipations, — where nowi 
are ye recalled save here in the 
scenes of your earliest triumphs! 
— even here the echoes of your 
names roll fainter and more faint 
as the generations pass. 

Among them all none stands 
higher, or is surrounded with a 
brighter aureole than the name of 
James Johnston Pettigrew. 
To his memory a high degree of 
romantic interest is attached. He 
is "the admirable Crichton" of col- 
lege tradition, always and every- 
where first, and easily first ; it was' 
held to have been really a distinc- 
tion merely to have been "in 
Pettigrew's class," and to have 
been second or third to him was 



m much as to have been first else- 
vhere. From the triumphs of 
:ollege he passed out to the duties 
|>f active life, maintaining his high 
jres'tige in every pursuit. At the 
ijar, in the forum, and on the 
pattle-field, Johnston Pettigrew 
was still foremost. And it is not 
:ii:he least among his laurels that 
dways and everywhere he main- 
rained the standard of a true, high- 
learted Christian gentleman, and 
jo bore himself through life as to 
3e the special object of love and 
enthusiastic devotion in the hearts 
jf all who were associated with 
iim — and even of those who had 
only heard of him. 

His untimely death in the skir- 
mish at Falling Water, in 1863, 
lidded sensibly to the gloom then 
/feathering finally round the South- 
ern cause, for there were many 
iwho believed he was to be the 
igood genius of that cause — he 
(was the coming man who should 
yet guide us to victory. At this 
idistance of time and remembering 
tall that has happened since, we 
licannot but think it a fortunate 
iclose to his brilliant career that he 
jdied in defence of his beloved 
;South, and while the hope of her 
.final success still burned brightly 
.in his heart, " Felix non solum 
( claritate vitas, seel etiam opportuni- 
st ate mortis." 

1 Time is fast hurrying away 
.those who knew General Petti- 
jgrew personally, and those also 

who are familiar only with his 
reputation, it is perhaps even 
now not generally known that he 
was an author, having published 
the year before the outbreak of 
the civil war a handsome volume 
entitled " Spain and the Span- 
iards'' It was printed at Charles- 
ton, S. C, for private circulation 
only, and but few copies have 
been seen in North Carolina. It 
may be of interest to the readers 
of our magazine to give them 
some idea of this work, with such 
extracts as present a fair taste of 
its fine quality. 

In 1869 Johnston Pettigrew was 
in Europe, having hastened hither 
on the opening the war between 
Austria and the Italian states, in 
the hope of seeing active service 
in the French-Italian army. The 
sudden peace of Villa Franca de- 
feated this hope, and he devoted 
the unexpected leisure to a tour 
through Spain. A previous visit 
had predisposed him to like this 
land and its people. This tour 
confirmed his liking, which in 
the volume before us he expresses 
in no measured terms. 

General Pettigrew in blood, 
temperament and genius belonged 
rather to the Latin races than to 
the Saxon or the Anglo-Saxon. 
His prejudices and predilections 
were all in favor of the dark-eyed, 
dark-haired sons of the South. 
Their history, their literature, 
their manners, their climate at- 



tracted him. France, Italy, Spain, 
—his sympathies were with them 
and with singular perversion of 
his keen and thoughtful intellect 
he was disposed to believe that 
among these races lay the hopes 
of liberty and national progress 
for the masses of Europe. 

It is not a little provoking to 
note his belief in that stupendous 
humbug Louis Napoleon, then 
affecting to hold the destinies of 
Europe in his hand ; and his dis- 
trust of the great Protestant 
powers, and more especially of 
England, to deride and depreciate 
whom he omits no opportunity. 
The first chapter of his book ends 
thus— predicting the advance and 
future glory of the Emperor of 
France — : 

"Prussia will soon be made 

to surrender her trans-rhenane 
possessions ; and to crown the 
glory of all, the French tri-color 
will float over the Tower of Lon- 
don. Every impartial observer in 
Europe feels that such is the in- 
evitable decree of fate. Its fulfil- 
ment may be deferred, but come 
it must and will." — 

Time has shown the value of 
this prediction, which is simply 
another and a very curious in- 
stance of the extent to which pre- 
judice may cloud the clearest 
vision, and warp the soundest 

It is more agreeable to turn to 
the spirited narrative and accom- 

pany our enthusiastic travele 
across the mountain barriers an< 
into the valleys of a land whicl 
was to him enchanted. He con 
fesses in his brief preface that hi 
object in writing a book was t< 
remove the erroneous ideas preva 
lent among his countrymen in re 
gard to Spain and the Spaniards 
Crossing the Pyrenees from Lu 
chon : — 

" For a couple of hours we real 
ly tciled, mounting zigzags scarce 
ly fifty feet in length! We finallj 
entered one of the basins so com 
mon in the Pyrenees, once the 
bed of a lake. Then came foui 
pools at different heights filleci 
with almost black water— lonefy 
jewels in a setting of adamant 
Then another basin surroundec 
by lofty, perpendicular walls from 
which I saw no outlet. It was the 
dwelling place of desolation. In 
all the shady spots were collec 
tions of snow distilling the head 
waters of the Garonne. Overhead 
hung the ink-blue sky of these al 
titudes. The view towards France 
over the plains of Languedoc was 
boundless. Luchon had disap- 
peared, its valley had become a 
thread. No sound disturbed the! 
death like silence, nor was aught 
of life visible except the whitej 
speck far, far below representing 
the hospital. Suddenly turning 
I saw above us a simple split in 
the rocky wall just wide enough 
for a loaded mule to pass, and no 



I lore than ten feet in length. We 
: scended a staircase of zigzags, 
entered the pass, and beheld one 
>f the grandest views in the world. 
lit was Spain, noble romantic 
Ipain ! — Welcome dura tellus 
'beria ! Welcome to your sunny 
dains, your naked mountains, 
;T our hardy sons, your beautiful 
laughters ! Your honored cities, 
■acred by the memorials of a 
lozen rival civilizations, and your 
'ields watered by the chivalric 
jlood of as many contending races. 
As an American thrice welcome 
:he land of Isabella, of Columbus, 
Df Las Casas. I reined in my 
lorse, and gazed silently upon the 
scene. Directly in front rose the 
savage, craggy mass of the Mala- 
detta, the monarch of the Pyre- 
nees, robed in eternal white. No 
Eastern Sovereign ever sat in 

more solitary grandeur" . 

In Zaragoza he moralized on 
the famous siege, visited the 
Cathedrals and took his place 
among the worshippers there on 
bended knees. He seems to have 
enjoyed the poetry, the sentiment, 
the imaginative effects of the Ro- 
man Catholic religious ceremonials 
quite as much as a well instructed 
Protestant should permit himself 
to do — : " Some of the pleasant- 
est recollections of my life are 
these Spanish Cathedrals where 
the sombre grandeur of the archi- 
tecture and the devotion of the 
congregation harmonized in ele- 

vating me above the mere mate- 
riality of existence." 

From Zaragoza pleasantly by 
old fashioned diligence to Madrid, 
where he spent Christmas of '59- 
'60 visiting . galleries, armories, 
churches, and recording in gayest 
spirits his impressions of Church, 
of State and of society. In Toledo 
he visited the famous manufac- 
tory of arms : 

" It is strange that some favor- 
ed spots seem particularly fitted 
for the production of cutlery, 
without its being possible to as- 
sign any satisfactory reason there- 
for. Some attribute the virtues 
of this locality to the atmosphere, 
others to the water. Whatever 
be the cause Toledo has always 
been famous for its weapons. 
The building itself offers nothing 
extraordinary nor does the pro- 
cess seem to be materially differ- 
ent from that in other places. In 
old times a great many demi- 
cabalistic expedients were resorted 
to, but they have been long since 
abandoned. The weapons are 
tested in the most effectual man- 
ner both as to strength and tem- 
per. The sword blades are thrust 
against a wall and bent nearly 
double. They are then struck 
violently on the flat side upon 
some hard substance, aud the edge 
is finally tried upon one of the 
softer metals. The daggers are 
driven by some strong-armed per- 
son through a copper or silver 



coin. After passing such tests 
they may laugh at bone or cuirass. 
Those famous blades that were 
packed in a circular box are still 

It is for Seville, for Andalasia 
that the traveler reserves his 
warmest praise, his most passion- 
ate enthusiasm. 

"Andalusia is the poetry of 
Spain. It is the Spain of which 
we dream. What glories can com- 
pare with its glories. What other 
land thus combines the remains 
of Roman, Moorish, and Spanish 
grandeur? What thus invites 
every product of the earth, from 
the orange and the olive to the 
tender flowers that bloom on the 
verge of perpetual snow, all in one 
beautiful harmony ? What can 
boast such treasures of mineral 
wealth ? What such noble speci- 
mens of animate creation ? What 
so cloudless a sky? With what 
rapture did I find myself once 
more in Andalusia — ." 

"The beauty of Spanish women 
has ever been a subject of admi- 
ration to all who are endowed 
with a perception of the lovely. 
There is nothing so difficult as to 
explain the fascination which it 
exercises, for the daughters of 
Andalusia owe nothing to those 
artificial processes which may be 
said to form a part of female edu- 
cation elsewhere. Their taste in 
dress is excellent, for they have 
by nature very little disposition 

to a variety of colors. The ui 
versal costume is dark colored- 
their innate sense of delicacy, ■ 
intuitive knowledge of the wea 
ness of men in believing nocbarn 
equal to hidden charms, preserv 
them from those fearful exp 
sures of neck and shoulders; 
delicate satin slipper encases 
foot that would not crush a dais' 
From the top of the head or comi 
the mantilla's folds fall gracefulb 
From the hair massed above th 
temples, stealthily peeps a rose- 
two little curls bear it company 
A fan completes her costurn^ 
Thus armed the maids of th 
Guadalquiver go forth to conquei 
the world." — 

"A combination of personal beau 
ty such as the world cannot sui 
pass, with a grace of movement 
an innate inalienable elegance o 
manner, which no education cai 
give and no words describe. Thi 
pride of her beauty is the larg< 
lustrous almond-shaped, velvetj 
eye, half-covered with silken lashe! 
as if to screen her admirers fron 
the danger of being consumed 
but when roused into activity 
flashing forth pride, interest, in 
exhaustible love, with a fire more 
irresistable than that of a thou- 
sand suns. Then it is that with 1 
an imperious wave of the fan she 
bids you plunge into a maelstromj 
and you obey." 

"Spanish girls are taught to walkj 
gracefully as all girls should be. 



f'he walk of the Seville ladies is 
Something peculiar to Andalusia. 
. 'hat they take steps is firmly be- 

eved because required by the 
natomical construction of man- 
kind, but in their case the belief 
; the result of induction, not of 
cular perception. They glide 
•ver the earth as though support- 
d by unseen hands, and disappear 
rom your sight ere you can be- 
ieve they are actually moving. 
\.n Andalusian foot is a marvel 
>oth for size and beauty " 

One of the most spirited chap- 
ers in the book is that devoted to 
)ull-fights. Even for this relic of 
jarbarism he finds apologies. The 
ocial life of Seville is very charmi- 
ngly depicted. In fact everything 
.bout Andalusia is couleur de rose. 
rhe beauty of the women, the 
'alor, the grave courtesy, the 
emperate habits, the honorable 
>ride of the men — the religious 
incerity of the nation — its digni- 
y, its loyalty — these fine national 
haracteristics partially blinded 
tim to other traits and belong- 
ngs inseparable from the ignor- 
nce, superstition and cruelty 
/hich, we believe, equally mark 
he Spanish nation. 

Still one reads with allowance, 
/ith interest, with reason half 
educed, his glowing, graceful ten- 
ler tribute of love and admiration, 
lis parting salutation to Andalu- 
ia is a pathetic strain of music : 

" I was now to say farewell to 

the Land of the South! farewell 
to its olives and citrons ; farewell 
to the sweet song of its nightin- 
gales; farewell to its gentle zephyrs 
laden with the perfume of the 
rose and the violent ; farewell to 
the golden waters of the Guadal- 
quiver and the purple light of its 
sunsets ; farewell to those whose 
memory lends an undying charm 
to all that is, and exists in this 
glowing land ; farewell ! a long 
farewell ! 

Leaving Seville he returned 
to Madrid, and thence through 
Castile, to France over the famous 
frontier bridge of the Bidassoa. 
The wayside adventures are narra- 
ted with great vivacity; the notes 
of Spanish History, Civil and Re- 
ligious, the influences which have 
combined to make the national 
character of the Spaniards, their 
capabilities, their probable future, 
are all touched with grace, spirit 
and fidelity, When we cannot 
accept his conclusions we must at 
least admire his generous advo- 
cacy. It has been nearly thirty 
years since the book was written. 
Empires have waxed and waned 
in that time, and some have to- 
tally disappeared. The French 
Emperor and his dynasty — where 
are they? The map of Europe 
has been changed. But the Brit- 
ish Lion still guards the shores of 
England, — no foreign flag yet has 
floated from London Tower, and 
Protestant England and Protest- 



ant America are still friends and 
allies. So may it ever be. It 
saddens us to think that he wished 
it otherwise. 

The principal value of the work 
is that it is all we have that is 
tangible of Johnston Pettigrew. 
As such it will have a place in our 

libraries, and will be sought 
and read eagerly as long as Nor 
Carolina continues to count 
her jewels ; for so long will s 
point with pride to him as amo 
her most precious, and her b( 
exemplar to the rising generatio 
of her young men. 


" George Eliot" is a unique 
character. She is the only woman 
who has ever written books which 
rank along with Dickens and 
Bulwer and Thackeray. She was 
born in Warwickshire, England, in 
1820, and her maiden name was 
Marian Evans. She owes much 
of her literary excellence to the 
advice and inspiration of Mr. Geo. 
Henry Lewes, with whom she was 
closely associated. Her first work, 
"Scenes of Clerical Life," was 
published in Blackwood's Magazine 
in 1857 and republished in book 
form in the same year. Next came 
"Adam Bede," published in 1859. 
As to its history, let George Eliot 
herself take up the pen and tell 
it : " The germ of Adam Bede was 
an anecdote told me by my Meth- 
odist Aunt Samuel. We were 
sitting together, when it occurred 
to her to tell me how she had vis- 
ited a condemned criminal — a very 

ignorant girl, who had murder. 

her child and refused to confe 

how she had stayed with he 

praying, during the night, and ho; 

the poor creature at last broke 01 

into tears and confessed hercrim 

My aunt afterwards went with h 

to the place of execution. Th 

story affected me deeply. * * 

I afterwards began to think < 

blending this and other recolle 

tions of my aunt in one stor 

with some points in my father 

early life and character. Th 

character of Dinah grew out < 

my recollections of my aunt, bi 

Dinah is not at all like my aun 

The character of Adam and on! 

or two incidents connected wit 

him were suggested by my father' 

early life, but Adam is not m 

father any more than Dinah is m 

aunt. Indeed there is not a singl 

portrait in Adam Bede- -only th 

suggestions of experience wrough 



i) into new combinations." The 

ot is quite simple. Adam Bede 

1 the hero, Dinah the heroine, in 

- r ality, though the bulk of the 

1 ory is devoted to Arthur Donni- 

-'lorne and Hetty Sorrell, and the 

rcumstances leading up to their 

id sin. Seth Bede, brother to 

.dam, first courts the Methodist 

reacher, Dinah, but is rejected. 

.dam is in love with Hetty, but 

er existence is spoiled by Arthur 

)onnithorne. Then Adam's affec- 

ons turn to Dinah and are recip- 

:>cated. Poor Hetty leaves her 

hild to die, and, narrowly escap- 

: ig execution, is sent out of the 

ountry. Arthur is never mar- 

ied, neither is Seth. 

. The story shows the relation 

>etween the lower and the middle 

:lass of England, — between ten- 

int and land-holder, — Adam, Seth, 

Poyser and his fellow-workers on 

he one side, and the Donni- 

hornes on the other. In addi- 

ion we have a fine picture of the 

\nglican clergyman and his work 

imong the common people. Mr. 

trwine is one of the finest, most 

ovable characters in fiction, and 

j-eorge Eliot draws him with a 

cindly, sympathetic hand. 

The Locus of the scene is in cen- 
:ral England, between the high- 
ands and lowlands, where the 
•ounding hill, the cool woods and 
:he babbling stream teach men 
:hat there is beauty in Nature. 
The time which the story covers 

is about two years, and is a picture 
of English life fifty years ago. I 
would say that the principal char- 
acters were Adam, Seth, Arthur 
Donnithorne, Mr. Irwine, Dinah 
and Hetty. As to these individ- 
ually : I have never seen a. stronger 
character than Adam Bede. It is 
almost majestic. It is one rarely 
met with. I think I have seen 
only one man in my life who is 
anything like him, and he falls far 
short of Adam in almost every- 
thing. I think that Adam is too 
strong — drawn in tod heroic col- 
ors — -cast in too warrior-martyr- 
demi-god-like mould. There may 
be men made after his pattern, 
but it is very doubtful that any 
live to-day — they all died along 
with King Arthur and his noble 
knights, or were named Julius 
Caesar or Napoleon. Perhaps 
there is one of his ilk in our coun- 
try — if so, I want to see him and 
make my humble obeisance. " O 
wad some power the giftie gie us" 
to find even a few such, — to put 
in public office. Seth Bede is a 
good character — the quiet, lov- 
able, gentle-spirited man — more 
capable of bearing than of acting. 
We admire him in a certain way, 
for his gentleness and other wo- 
manly virtues, but after all we can 
have no great respect for him ; 
there is not enough of the man — 
the moving, powerful energy which 
masculinity in general has inher- 
ited as its birth-right. 



For Mr. Irvvine I feel instinctive 
respect and love. Like his par- 
ishioners, I think him the finest 
specimens of the generous, open- 
hearted minister I have ever 
known. With all his religion he 
is still a "good fellow." With 
him religion is something to live 
by, to temper the thoughts about 
one's neighbors, and to help one 
enjoy life. While not possessing 
the strength of character and Lu- 
therian energy which would make 
him a reformer, yet he wins the 
hearts of his neighbors, first for 
himself and then for his God. 

Now let us take up the women, 
for women in novels, as well as 
in real life, constitute the main 
charm, and if a novelist draws 
female character correctly he 
passes without question into a 
high rank. George Eliot, beine 
fashioned after the pattern of 
Mother Eve, naturally understood 
her sister women and draws them 
with an artist's skill. An unhope- 
ful spinster could scarcely be more 
quarrelsome than Mrs. Poyser, in 
her manner, for underneath we 
can still see the warm beat of her 
heart. She thinks " the world " 
of Totty, and although she gives 
Hetty the warm end of her tongue, 
yet when she and Mr. Poyser are 
together she speaks of her as " a 
good lass " and " a charming 
wench." She is an example of the 
thrifty, practical, non-poetical 
English housewife— as careful of 

the cleanliness of her character ; 
of her linen. It is the privileg 
of workers to grumble and qua 
rel, and Mrs. P. does her shar 
Poor, poor Hetty! How muc 
happier would she have been 
only she had profited by the coi 
stant stream of good advice whic 
(alas !) was ' crammed into he 
ears against the stomach of he 
sense.' Weak, frail, pretty, charn 
ing, vain, captjvating, foolish Hei 
ty! She was a pretty creature 
: though a poor pattern of woman 
I hood. Baubles delighted he 
more than the possession of wc 
manliness. One can see all th 
way through that she has no heart 
no real sympathy for the pleasur 
and pain of others, and anticipate 
the result. She is like a chile 
pursuing a gilded butterfly— wher 
it clasps the gorgeous trifle i 
stumbles and falls over something 
hitherto unseen. Weak, romantie 
Hetty ! — we pity her, though wej 
are compelled to see that she de 
served and brought upon herself 
the sadness of her lot. I have 
hitherto failed to discuss the char- 
acter of Donnithorne, purposing 
to put him and Hetty near to 
gether — as in the book. A young 
English land-owner of the average 
stamp might succumb under the 
same circumstances, and act as 
treacherously as Donnithorne, yet 
this fact doesn't excuse him. If 
there is any excuse for his sin, 
we will have to put it on the 




i : — 

|-ound of unpremeditated injury. 
$jne more case of human frailty. 
alu.'is is a character at once con- 
rhmptible and noble — incompati- 
cie as these qualities seem. Con- 
1 :mptible for his repeatedly giving 
:;:ay to his desire to see Hetty and 
.) his worse desires when with 
ier. Noble for his desire to im- 
prove the temporal condition of 
iris tenants — his open-hearted way 
!i treating every on^e ; and lastly 
-nd mainly, for his earnest efforts 
d mitigate the suffering which 
:e had brought about. 

' The gem, perfect in its beauty, 
! 5 Dinah. Earnest, sincere, con- 
cientious, self sacrificing — she 
tands out like a pure white lily 
n a garden of flowers all crimson 
vith shame and pied with other 
:olorings less pure. Perhaps she 
s unreasoning in her belief about 
'calls" and other points of theol- 
ogy, about which all men think 
is they please, yet we see a sirik- 
ng similarity to Joan of Arc. 
rhe belief in them both was that 
t>f a martyr — pure, unearthy, sub- 
ime. George Eliot in the chapter 
' In which the story pauses a lit- 
;le" gives us her conception of 
tvhat a novel should be. She says 
:he novelist ought not to draw 
:he perfect hero, or the griffin or 
:he divinely fair and unreally 
:harming heroine. " There are 
: ew prophets in this world — few 
sublimely beautiful' women — few 
heroes. I can't afford to give all 

my love and reverence to such 
rarities ; I want a great deal of 
those feelings for my every day 
fellow-men, especially for the few 
whose faces I know, whose hands 
I touch for whom I have to make 
way with kindly courtesy." 

Again, "I would not even if I 
had the choice be the clever 
novelist who could create a world 
so much better than this, in which 
we get up in the morning to do 
our daily work, that you would be 
likely to turn a harder, colder eye 
on the dusty streets and the com- 
mon green fields — on the real 
breathing men and women, who 
can be chilled by your indiffer- 
ence or injured by your prejudice ; 
who can be cheered and helped 
onward by your fellow feeling, 
your forbearance, your outspoken, 
brave justice." 

I think her theory of what a 
novel should be is the correct one. 
We wish to have our judgment 
broadened, to have our hearts 
softened by the pictures of hu- 
man life drawn in sympathetic 
colors. The novelist and the poet 
are the heart-teachers of the world. 
Listen to the "Cotter's Saturday 
Night" and see if you are not 
stirred to interest by its picture of 
humble human love and life. 
After one reads " Adam Bede" he 
feels that his knowledge of human 
nature is broadened — he is more 
generous to its failings although 
he sees them clearer than ever be- 



fore. Compensation, like the air 
about us, is something we can 
never get away from. Nature 
keeps open market — we buy good 
or evil and pay for it in the coin 
of virtue or suffering. Here we 
see evil punished in the persons 

of Hetty and Donnithorne an 
goodness rewarded in Adam an 
Dinah. Would that we had man 
more such books, to broadei 
purify and strengthen mankind. 
V. W. Long. 


As well as yesterday do I re- 
member the eventful spring of 
1855, when one day I was told by 
my father to prepare myself to 
enter college the following June. 
I had been looking forward to 
that time with anxious longings- 
anxious as to whether I was pre- 
pared to enter, and longing to be 
one of that mighty band of Chapel 
Hill boys, who had such a State- 
wide reputation— I had heard the 
"Chapel Hill serenade" sung in 
the local seminaries— had heard of 
the wonderful exploits of her 
boys, and had seen them in all 
their glory, strutting around in 
"high-heeled boots, standing col- 
lars and Kossuth hats," the then 
prevailing fashion. 

However, in due time I was 
ready, and was preparing to make 

my debut into the college world : 

I can see now my father, gray- 
haired and bent with age, burst- 
ing into tears as he bade me good 

bye at the gate and my mothe 
and sisters, gathered on the porch 
a weeping circle, to take a last 
look at the "Freshman" as he 
starts for college. As I had nevei 
before been farther from home 
than the neighboring town, you 1 
can imagine the exultation with! 
I which I started in a crowd, with! 
I hacks, to cross the country to that 
I Mecca of my thoughts. We werd 
I two seniors, two juniors and two 
I freshmen, and after two days 
lumbering across the sand hills of 
Cumberland, Moore and the rocks 
of Chatham counties, we, on the 
eve of the second day, came in 
sight of the "old South," looking 
from towards Purefoy's mill. St. 
Peter and the Colosseum of Rome 
—the fairest campaign in classic 
Italy, could not now impress me 
as did the " Hill," when we rolled 
up the walk past "old Mike's" 
into the campus ; about one hun- 
dred students collected around us, 



ut under the guidance of the two 
-niors, I passed muster with- 
ut serious inconvenience to my 
ersonal or mental equilibrium. 
'he wit of college at that time 
'as Felix Roan of Caswell coun- 
y. Imagine my horror when 
oing to supper the first evening, 
hear Felix relating to a crowd 
t the corner of the now old Phi. 
all, the results of an interview 
.e'd just had with one of the 
'rofessors. He was giving it to 
he Professor in his peculiar style, 
nd I thought, why if this is the 
yay students talk to their teach- 
rs, the sooner I get back home 
he better, but to my great relief, 
ie answered, when asked if he 
eally did speak in that manner to 
-•rofessor, " No of course I didn't, 
>ut I thought it d — n strong." 
When I entered college in 1855 
here were about four hundred 
tudents, over one hundred of 
vhom were freshmen. In my 
Soph, year my class numbered 
ibout one hundred and forty, and 
vas divided into three divisions or 
lections. The roll made some 
:urious combinations of names, 
While Lynch, Means, Mebane, 
Knop, Knox, Koonce and Stock- 
ion, Swindle(s) Taylor. Of the 
jne hundred and forty in the 
Sophomore year, only eighty-five 
graduated, most of whom deliv- 
ered orations at senior speakings, 
rhose graduating with first dis- 
:inction were Geo. B. Johnston, 


Edenton ; T. W. Harris, Chatham 
county ; W. B. Lynch, Orange 
county; Frank D. Stockton, States- 
ville, and — — Ferguson, Georgia. 
Johnston delivered the valedic- 
tory, Lynch the Latin salutatory, 
Stockton the German and Harris 
the Greek orations. I haven't 
heard from Ferguson since, but 
from his remarkable energy and 
perseverance he should have made 
something of himself before now. 
He entered the Soph, and the first 
quarter graded tolerable, but went 
gradually up from that to first 
distinction in his senior year. To 
give an idea of his intense appli- 
cation and studious habits, he 
once studied a Greek lesson from 
Friday night till Wednesday 
morning, and then remarked that 
he hadn't studied it half enough. 
Dick Badger, Bass Manly, Eure, 
Latham, W. B. Lynch, McClam- 
my, Withers, Sloan and Harris, 
have since become prominent in 
the State. President Buchanan 
attended commencement at my 
graduation, and up to that time it 
was the largest crowd that had 
ever attended commencement, 
Gov. Swain was a big man in 
North Carolina and a bigger man 
on the Chapel rostrum could 
scarcely be found than him, but 
the day he met Buchanan in front 
of his house to welcome him to 
the University, I think he was the 
scaredest man I ever saw. Al- 
though I remained at Chapel Hill 



four years, I don't remember of 
ever speaking to the Governor 
outside the recitation room ex- 
cept once or twice when asking 
his permission to leave the "Hill," 
I was afraid to speak to him 
whilst a Fresh, and when I become 
older and more experienced, I 
didn't care to. Freshmen gener- 
ally thought that it was about as 
much as their lives were worth to 
make any attempt to speak to 
him. Gov. Swain gave the gradu- 
ating class permission to eat with 

him and the President at a loi 
table spread in his grove; myse 
was so far down towards the fo 
of the table, that I didn't he 
any of the good -things said t 
the President or the Governor 
they said any) but I hope the 
enjoyed themselves, though 
don't think I did. The next dc 
we received our diplomas (whic 
some of us could read and son 
couldn't) and then exeunt omnes. 
D. P. McE. 
Mill Prong, N. C. 


It is not the Bulgarian question. 
It is not absolutely an Eastern 
question, but it is a question which 
concerns all Europe. Must Con- 
stantinople be given to the Rus- 
sians ? 

Russia is at the present unset- 
tled ;. Russian minds are bent on 
conquest. Troops are in the South. 
Men-of-war are in the Black Sea. 

France is jealous. Germany vas- 
cillating. England is watchful. 

Europe was once before in just 
such a state of things. It was 
called upon in the name of civil- 
ization to defend Constantinople, 
then the bulwark of Christendom. 
Emperor Constantine Palaeologus 
was weak ; his court corrupt ; his 

treasury empty; his friends fe 
and his country demoralizec 
He had for years kept back th 
ever-advancing Turk, but now a 
hope was gone. While the nation 
of the Continent were discussin! 
the question, the Turks capture 
the city, and have held it eve 

Will procrastination again dt 
cide its fate, and unbar the Ru< 
sian Bear, and set him up th. 
Supreme Monarch of the East ? 

The Balkan States are inastatj 
of independence, each and even 
one. Jealousies and animosit] 
are abroad in their domains. Con 
sequently commotion and distui 
banct prevail, fed by Russiar 



.oney, and Russians are ever at 
ork in Bulgaria, encouraging per- 
stual dissolution. So long as this 
ate of affairs continues, Russia 
iay well cherish hopes of satisfy- 
ig thirst for acquiring new terri- 
nry. For the ruling passion, now 
Dsorbing Russian minds, is that 
le " Historic destiny of their 
Duntry must be decided ;" to 
ibdue Bulgaria, push her do- 
lains to the Adriatic and ^Egean 
ias. Capture Constantinople, the 
ey-port to the Black Sea, and 
sen defy the whole of Europe. 

The Balkan States must form a 
onfederation, and expel Russian 
pies, for united they can stand in 
efiance of the other Powers, but 
ivided they must yield to outside 
ressure, lose their independence, 
nd then be creatures of Russian 
espotism. Bulgaria will make 
he way to Constantinople sure 
Dr Russia. 

Will England be silent? 

Russia's gain will threaten heavy 
loss for England. Her commer- 
cial worth and foreign capital will 
be crippled. Her provinces in the 
East will be disturbed. And she 
fears a Franco-Russian alliance for 
the purpose of depriving her of 
her African colonies. 

A gloomy time prevails on the 
Continent. The dark cloud of 
war seems ready to burst forth 
any moment. All are waiting to 
see, it seems, what the next day 
will bring forth. Russian civiliza- 
tion, for so long a time pent up 
alone within its own limits, and 
that of Western Europe are in 
open conflict. One must pre- 
dominate, where territory is so 
precious, and that eventful day is 
not far off. Should the God of 
War be called upon to decide, the 
conflicting nations will receive a 
shock that fifty years will not 



Man's nature is progressive. 
in endless conflict between truth 
nd error, a constant change from 
/rong to right, is ever taking 
dace. Progress is marked by the 
nile stones of mistakes. The 
hanging scenes of years may 

erase false methods, circumstances 
may alter the chief characteristics 
of an age; yet through all this 
arises the influence of the voice 
less dead, whose muteness makes 
their warning* more suggestive. 
Man is taught in the school of 



disappointments, and nations ad- 
vance along the highway of crude 
and clumsy blunders. 

Strength is measured by achiev- 
ment. By the stately arches of 
triumph and the gorgeous columns 
of victory the mind of man loves 
to dwell ; but for those who have 
battled for truth and right and 
were overwhelmed by defeat, there 
is no word of praise. 

Not alone to the treasured 
words and deeds of earth's sue-' 
cessful ones do we owe the glory 
of present achievment, but to the 
restless sons of progress and re- 
form, who have left no memorial, 
save a sad sepulchre of buried 
hopes and vain attempts, should 
a word of praise be given. To 
the spirit of longing unrest that 
dares to bid defiance to the re- 
straints of conventionality, is 
owed the glories of a higher civili- 
zation. To this persevering and 
intense individuality, the human 
mind owes its vast field of achiev- 
ment ; in this ambition of indi- 
viduality is embodied human 
reclamation. A continual strug- 
gle for heights beyond is ever 
taking place, but years mark the 
internal between the blossoming 
of the flowers of theory and the 
ripening of the perfect fruit of 
practice. Time alone can mellow 
the bright aurora of fancy into 
the clear outline of reality. En- 
during knowledge comes only 
after long struggle and then with 

a force that cuts a groove in tl 

Development to-day procee< 
with speed hitherto unknown, bi 
it is only the result of the labor 1 
those who have dared, thou 
they might fail ; who have battle 
for truth and right, though we 
they knew success could nevt 
come to them. 

To him who first conceive 
some reformation in existin 
things, is seldom left its highe.' 
fulfilment. Seldom does succes 
in greatest measure come to th 
toilers after truth. Well has i 
been said, "progression writes it 
name in blood," well may it b 
added the path of progression i 
marked by the monuments 
those who dared but failed. 

No great principle ever mad 
its way through the ages withou 
facing the barriers and bursting 
the chains which kept it back 
Thus as the dancing rill leap 
from its mountain home anc 
winds its slow but widening wa) 
to the ocean, does the eterna 
principle of progress move dowr 
the centuries, daily a deeper anc 
stronger stream. 

Obstacles may check it, bu 
quietly it flows around them and 
onward. The seekers for the un 
attained may be secured, but they 
need not the smile of praise. That 
they may toil is all they ask. 

Ever thus do failure's heroes 
dare to roam beyond the border- 



ind of present achievment. To 
e realm of the yet undiscovered 
ey turn their longing eyes. 
hey ever dare to be thinkers 
id originators, even though, in 
teir day, they see not the fruit 
lereof ; but to them belongs the 
urel-wreath, rather than to those 
iho apply what they originate. 

Live then for the right, though 
it be scorned ! If needs be, die a 
hero who dared to fail ; for the 
lives of these the world's true 
benefactors, shall forever shine in 
the morning light of truth immor- 

W. T. W. 




E. P. Withers. 

At the present writing the 
Legislature keeps our Faculty in 
a sweat all the time. 

We are glad to be able to an- 
nounce that we have survived the 
onslaught made upon us by the 
College Message. It was terrific. 

The weather has been on a 
big spree for a month or more. It 
is enough to kill any man unless 
he has iron-clad lungs and is proof 
against cold. 

CONGRESS is voting away mil- 
lions every day to foster jobs and 
swindles, with a reckless disre- 
gard of public sentiment. It would 
be refreshing to have certain Sen- 
ators and Congressmen kicked out 
of their seats and made to stay at 

Prince Bismarck is victorious 
once more ; he has a good work- 
ing majority in the Reichstag, and 
will carry his army bill. Yet he 
has two bitter pills to swallow. 
The fact that Alsace-Lorraine sent 
a solid Opposition delegation and 
that the Socialists gained 500,000 

votes, will not conduce to Bi: 
marck's joy. 

The State of North Caro 
LINA deserves the name of Ri 
Van Winkle. It doesn't pay it 
Governor enough for him to liv 
on. It doesn't pay its Suprem 
Court Judges respectable salaries 
and, in addition, makes thre 
Judges do the work of five. Am 
now to crown this brilliant recon 
it is trying to destroy its Univei 
sity. This is worse than negrc 
ridden South Carolina and Mis 
sissippi, and the other States ar 
coming to regard us with minglec 
feelings of contempt and pity,- 
especially contempt, — and it i 
well deserved. 

We beg leave to tell the Col 
lege Message — and we hope w< 
will not be considered ungal 
lant in doing so — that we hav< 
not used the earthquake jok> 
in " three consecutive numbers ; : 
that there are no chestnut-bell 
in this vicinity — if there had beei 
they would have joined in a thun 
dering protest ^against the worn 



tut pun on our name gotten off 
>y the Academy and gleefully 
aken up by the Message in order 
o have something to say. Now 
lon't get mad ; we'll taffy you a 
ittle next time, and that always 
)leases the girls, and we know it 
will please you. 

What a poor, ignorant being 
nan is ! He talks learnedly, and 
writes great books on scientific, 
Dhilosophical and psychological 
subjects. And yet what does he 
<novv ? He can't tell you what 
Heat or Light or Sound or 
Electricity is. He can't explain 
:he commonest phenomena of ev- 
;ry-day life. He doesn't know 
why his heart throbs and throbs, 
sending the life-blood bounding 
:hrough his veins, and thus giving 
lim health and life. He doesn't 
enow how he can walk, talk or see. 
rle can't tell you what his own 
magination, memory or conscious- 
less is. He doesn't know what 
lis own mind — -his own soul — is. 
!\nd so he comes and passes away, 
lelpless, ignorant and unlearned, 
1 nonentity — a nothing. 

Common nuisance of the 
3AY. — Boys hanging on the Col- 
ege fence. — College Message Nui- 
sance : Ah, well ! we would be 
willing to wager, at heavy odds, 
:hat every time a boy hangs on 
/our College fence at least thirty 
jirls stand at the windows and 
;mile at him, kiss their hands at 

him, and carry on a desperate flir- 
tation with him as long as he 
stands there. We have hung on 
a College fence or two ourselves 
in days gone by, and were greatly 
amused at the young ladies. From 
six to a dozen stood at each win- 
dow ; they would smile and grin 
and scream and make remarks 
about our beauty, etc. Many 
young ladies have told us that their 
only pleasure, while at a board- 
ing-school, was to flirt with the 
boys who would hang on the Col- 
lege fence. Take away the boys 
from the fence and you would 
deprive our young ladies, who are 
so unfortunate as to be at a board- 
ing-school, of their only happiness 
and delight. 

The Canadian's refusal to 
allow our ships to fish in their 
waters has caused some fear of a 
war with Great Britain, and this 
fear, though slight, has been eag- 
erly taken advantage of by Con- 
gress to get rid of the surplus by 
voting immense sums for coast 
defenses and a new navy. Fiery 
speeches have been made, de- 
nouncing England, and retaliatory 
measures have been passed, and 
$100,000,000 has been voted 
away by the Senate for steel-clad 
forts and a new iron-clad navy. 
We don't think there is any dan- 
ger of war, notwithstanding the 
vigorous twisting of the Lion's 
tail, indulged in by some of our 



bloodthirsty statesmen, whose real 
object is to gain notoriety and 
popularity. Two great nations 
will hardly fight about fishing 
privileges, but if they should do 
so, we venture the assertion that 
our fiery Senators would not do 
any fighting. The brunt of a war 
is borne by the laboring men, the 
business men — by the yeomanry — 
and these classes should not allow 
the frothy fury of a few dema- 
gogues to plunge this country into 
such a desperate and terrible 
struggle as a war with England 
would be. 

" I THINK it a fight in the dark, 
the blind push of men squeezed 
past endurance. I think it the 
first passive form of a civil war 
which steel-clad forts and armour- 
plated ships cannot guard us 
against — the kindling of passions 
and the arraying of forces that, 
roused to full energy, may give 
cities to the flames and destroy 
our very civilization itself." This 
is Henry George's opinion of the 
late strike in New York, in which 
40,000 men took part. Mr. George 
may be right. The fact that forty 
thousand men qujt work, quietly 
and orderly, and remained on a 
strike for several weeks, engaged 
in a desperate struggle, which was 
as orderly as it was determined, 
to overcome the coal combine and 
the steamship companies, tends to 
confirm his opinion. Strikes are 

becoming so frequent that we pas 
them by heedlessly and though 
lessly, but when thousands upo 
thousands of men make a detei 
mined and desperate effort t 
overcome a gigantic monopoly- 
and this occurs time after time- 
there must be some great caus 
for dissatisfaction and discontent 
And he who finds the remedy wil 
prove to be the greatest states 
man of his age. 

To call these men anarchists 

socialists and roughs is nonsense 

and he who does so brands him 

self as being painfully and ridicu 

lously ignorant. To discuss thej 

question with him would be worsej 

than folly. But thinking men 

honest, earnest men. have had the 

veil lifted from their eyes. The 

immense labor vote in New York 

city last November surprised the 

world. These men, as Chauncey' 

M. Depew said, had a grievance 

and that immense vote was a deep 

protest against this grievance. 

The grievance is being "squeezed 

past endurance." A majority of 

the workingmen of this country 

are " squeezed past endurance." 

Their patience is beginning to 

give out and their passion to 


We have been dignified by the 
names of crank, socialist, etc., for 
our views on this question, but 
we were never hurt by such com- 
plimentary titles and can support 



iie honor thus conferred without 
!idue inflation. If sympathizing 
cith our fellow man when poor 
utid helpless and ignorant, and 
ijaring to express this sympathy 
-penly and above board is cranki- 
-ess then we do not deny the 
;jiarge. If socialism means that 
; ;e are no respector of persons, 
;;iiat we have an utter contempt 
;jr the distinctions of birth and 
'ealth, and if it is socialistic to 
; ave an honest desire to do what 
■'& can, little though it is, to raise 
he laboring men to a higher, 
[ obler and better plane and to 
live to them, instead of a sneer 
>nd a kick, the helping hand of a 
>ellow man, then we plead guilty 
to the charge and stand convicted. 

i The United States Senate has 
decided to investigate the Pacific 
,oad's management and the con- 
duct of its lobby in Washington, 
rienator Leland Stanford the Cali- 
fornia millionaire who is said to 
slave bought his seat in the Senate 
js charged with a good many un- 
fiavory transactions. So is Chas. 
I?rancis Adams the president of 
:he Union Pacific road and the 
grandson of President John Quin- 
:ey Adams. The three great trunk 
ines across the continent owe the 
government one hundredand sixty 
seven million dollars and they are 

exerting themselves to the utmost 
to keep from paying this debt. 
In their exertions to prevent Con- 
gress from passing any bill to force 
them to payment they are charged 
with having resorted to bribery 
and corruption. An honest man 
it is said, should fear no investi- 
gation of his acts. This, it seems 
to us, should apply to railroads 
also. But the Pacific railroads' 
attorneys, managers and owners 
while loudly protesting their hon- 
esty still desperately resist an 
attempt to investigate their 

The discussion on Senator Mc- 
pherson's motion to appoint an 
in vest igatingcommittee was rather 
acrimonious and at times amusing. 
Riddleberger and Edmunds hate 
each other, and Edmunds scarcely 
deigns to notice the Virginian. 
While Edmunds was delivering 
an able and carefully prepared 
speech, Riddleberger suddenly 
jumped up and asked permission 
to interrupt his flow of polished 
eloquence. St. Jerome turned 
and with a most courtly bow, 
graciously consented. Riddle- 
berger shocked the proprieties of 
the dignified Senators by asking, 
" Has any one a chestnut bell to 
sound?" Senator Edmunds didn't 



Senator Vance attacked the 
hypocrisy of Mr. Adams in a very 
amusing and satirical speech. He 
gave an instance of Mr. Adams's 
dishonesty as a railroad manager, 
and gave the following quotation 
as expressive of the kind of man 
he considered Mr. Adams to be: 

De bigger dat you see de smoke 

De less de fire will be, 
And de leastest kind o'possum 

Climbs de biggest kind o' tree. 

De darky at de ole camp ground 
Who kin loudest sing and shout 

Is agwine to rob some henroost 
Afore de week is out. 



Personal Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 

-We prefer to call it " Knucks I 

« B. F." has been seized with 

m unaccountable desire to make 
Durham his home. 

— " We defy any college in the 
United States to produce a Moore 
:heeky man than the University 
Df North Carolina," is the vapid 
pun a freshman was guilty of. 

— Paul Jones and Eggerton tied 
as contestants for the medal given 
by Professor Rayhill to his class 
in elocution and both received a 

—The " crab" is allied to the 
cray-fish (Prof. A.) and the cray- 
fish is good at boring. Therefore 
the "crab" is a "borer." (A prize 
is offered to anyone who will de- 
tect the fallacy of this argument.) 

The gentlemen of the Litera- 
ry Department gave us a good 
.address on the 22nd. The only 
objection we had to it was that it 
was too soon after breakfast. We 
(could scarcely digest the address 
and our breakfast at the same 

—We wish to correct the state- 
ment made in last issue concern- 

ing the number of girls the gentle- 
man of the Editorial Department 
is in love with. The number is 
thirty instead of three. 

—The Professor was reading 
from the Bible. The Senior dili- 
gently turned the leaves of his 
text-book to find the place for 
fully five minutes and then asked 
what the Professor was reading 
from. When told he was reading 
the Bible the senior fell into a 
gentle slumber like a tired child. 

— Here are a few statistics that 
are interesting: Class 'J7 — Mar- 
ried, 2 ; single 3. Class '78— Mar- 
ried, 1 ; single, 8. Class '79— 
Married, 2; single, 10. Class '80 
—Married are Betts, Coble, Ay- 
cock, John, Slade, Vaughan, 
Sharpe, Phillips ; Single are Hay- 
wood, Brooks, Battle, Ransom, 
Cobb, Faison, Craig. Showing 8 
married to 7 single. 

— Ovid Dupre, who was a stu- 
dent here just before the war, is 
now practising law at 290 Broad- 
way, N. Y. 

— F. F. Patterson is an attorney 
in Winston, N. C, as is A. H. 
Eller. Both are succeeding and 
both deserve success. 



— N. A. Sinclair is meeting with 
success in the Fayetteville graded 
school. He has kind words and 
good advice and cash for the 
MAGAZINE and we greatly appre- 
ciate his manifest interest. 

—Ex-Judge Louis Hilliard is a 
commission merchant in Norfolk, 

— T. D. Stokes is a wholesale 
dealer in hats, in Richmond, Va. 

— Jos. C. Shepherd, class '59, is 
physician at Scott's Hill, New 
Hanover county, N. C. Ben. Hall 
says he is a fine man, fine physi- 
cian — a fine fellow. 

— R. L. Sikes, class '60, is a 
physician at Columbus, Miss. 

—James A. Cody, class '60, is 
in business at Atlanta, Ga. 

— Thaddeus C. Belcher, class 
'57, is Principal of a school at 
Oberdun, Miss. 

—John Galliway, '59, is at Ral- 
eigh, N. C. 

—John M. Flemming is Deputy 
Warden, State Penitentiary, Ral- 
eigh, N. C. 

— Eugene S. Martin is attorney 
at law, Wilmington, N. C. 

Transcendental Cheek.— Many 

of the best disciplinarians in 
colleges prohibit hazing by rule, 
but make no special effort to pre- 

vent its indulgence. They rec 
ognize the fact that, just as ther 
are different classes so ther 
should be a distinctive differeno 
in the conduct towards one an 
other of the students that com 
pose those classes. Since th< 
abolition of hazing in this institu 
tion, the Freshmen have becom( 
more and more cheeky until now 
it has reached such a pitch thai 
you can't tell the difference bei 
tween a Freshman and a Senior! 
except on Sunday when the lattei 
wears his beaver. Trustees, Mr 
President and Professors it is time 
to call a halt, the'Freshman must! 
be humbled and the dignity o! 
the Senior maintained. Aheady 
the assurance of the first year man 
is usurping the place of the senior 
in the parlor of the ladies in the 
village, he ' wins at base-ball, he 
"biffs" everyone at knucks, he ; 
cuts us out of our best girl, and 
all with such brazen impudence! 
and self-satisfied conceit that we 
can endure it no longer. The 
Sophs, are utterly unable to grap- 
ple with him and even compro- 
mise themselves by visiting with 
him. Shall we, after four years 
amid the struggles and buffetings 
of our college career, be compelled 
near its close to revive that good 
old custom which never failed to 
keep these new-fangled additions 
in their proper places ? 

One visited a few nights ago 
two of the most popular ladies of 



iie village. This in itself was 
inough to brand him with our 
While returning to his room, he 
ends he has no light for his cigar- 
rite. Not at all embarrassed, he 
; :eps across the street, rings up ladv of the house, eleven 
/clock at night mind you, and 
,/sks for a match, telling her he had 
,ropped his knife. She, suspect- 
; ig nothing, gives him matches, 
,nd to still further assist him, holds 
. lamp outside her door ; he, equal 
-o the occasion, pretends to pick 
jP the knife, and vanishes in the 
t .iarkness. At the next corner he 
lights his cigarette and goes smok- 
ing serenely to his room. My re- 
marks need no further illustration. 


H., at the dance: What makes 
Pullet so lively to-night? 

B. : He's been smelling a bottle. 

Just then he sees Miss M. dain- 
tily sniffing her vinaigrette. " Oh, 
yes; I catch on," says H. 

The ladies of Raleigh who vis- 
ited us on the 21st were charming 
indeed, and danced exquisitely. 
After gazing at their graceful skill 
in Terpsichore's art, a sanctimo- 
nious Senior was heard to remark, 
" I was a fool for not taking under 

And now they have even 
topped knucks. The next thing 
we suppose, Father Wade will be 
rolling hoops, Jimson and Wash- 
burn playing William Tremble- 
toe, and Professors Holmes and 
Atkinson riding stick-horses. 


Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery. 

Since our last number, The 
Devil, The Earlhamite, Fisk Her- 
ald and Scribners Magazine have 
reached our sanctum. We have 
gladly placed three of them upon 
our exchange list. As to the other 
— we have always been taught to 
say : " Get the behind me, Devil." 

Mr. E. P. Roe, in a recent arti- 
cle on " How to succeed in Litera- 
ture," gave the following points : 

1. The author must be able to 
write correctly, if not elegantly. 

2. He must interest. 3. No true 
success can be won by imitation. 
4. Sudden and temporary popu- 
larity should not be mistaken for 
true success. 5. The writer should 
form habits of close observation. 
6. He should be receptive and 
above all things avoid self-conceit 
and self-satisfaction. 7. Heshould 
beware of repeating himself. 8. 
In all works of the imagination 
sympathetic feeling is absolutely 
essential to the highest success. 
Finally, true success can result 
only from some worthy purpose. 
— Ex. 

Henry W. Austin published in 
the January issue of the Southern 

Bivouac an article entitled " M 
Pilgrim Fathers." The tenor ol 
the article is widely different fron 
that usually employed in describ; 
ingthese distinguished gentlemen 
as the following extract will show 
" Some people, the other day 
found fault with Mr. Froude fo 
bleaching Henry VIII ; but whc 
has protested against the white 
washing of the Pilgrim Fathers 
which has been going on syste 
matically for two hundred years : 
Occasionally, 'tis true, at the 
Plymouth memorial banquets 
some gentle speaker gently sug 
gests that while the good old 
times were very grand, they were 
somewhat hard and narrow in 
their religious practices. But such 
historical heresy is quickly 
quenched by some historical foun- 
tain of eloquent whitewash, and 
the doubly false, because only 
half true, pictures of history are 
disseminated through our news- 
papers, so that they strengthen 
the wrong teaching of our school- 

* * 

" How much older is your sister 
than you, Johnny ?" Johnny: "I 
dunno. Maud uster be twenty- 



re years, then she was twenty, 
id now she ain't only eighteen, 
guess we'll soon be twins." 
There is more truth than poe- 
y in this. 

An exchange says : " In a uni- 
srsity in Texas, the faculty con- 
sts of a father and two sons. 
,'he sons conferred the title of 
,L. D. on the old gentleman, who 
^turned the compliment by 
laking each of his sons Ph. D." 

, We find that we have to go to 
, ress before receiving the verses 
</e were expecting from Greens- 
boro and Salem. We are sure 
if receiving them, but we can't 
/ait longer. If it is insisted 
; npon, we will have to publish them 
n our next issue. 

The following are the only ones 
:ve consider worthy of publication 
itmong those we have received 
from other sources. : 

Why not claim her as your own, 
I Take her to a cozy home, 

Kiss and squeeze her when you please, 
f And live a life of pleasant ease ? 

f Walter Curtis. 

Take your girl in warm embrace, 
Heart to heart and face to face, 
Eye to eye, and cheek to cheek, 
Finish it now if it takes a week. 

[ " Jodie " Morris . 

Put your arm around her waist, 
Pull her close up to your face, 
Then you feel eternal bliss 
In the taking of a kiss. 

[James Green. 

What's the use of all this rhyme ? 
Take your girl at any time. 
Squeeze her till the blushes come; 
Shut your eyes — it's lots of fun. 


I find my way is far the best 
To set the senses in a whirl — 

Just give your own dear girl a rest, 

And kiss some other fellow's girl. 


College papers are doing good 
work in drawing the students of 
different colleges together, show- 
ing the various methods of in- 
struction, wiping out old preju- 
dices, getting the young men bet- 
ter acquainted, and uniting them 
in the bonds of a common aim 
and interest. — Ex. 

As an example of legislative 
liberality, it is interesting to note 
that the Michigan Legislature, 
since 1867, has given to the State 
University at Ann Arbor, by spe- 
cial appropriations, an aggregate 
of $1,000,000, or an average of 
$50,000 a year for twenty years. — 

Alabama has a flourishing uni- 
versity. It has within three years 
expended $60,000 on new build- 
ings, and it had 257 students in 
the term for 1885— '6, with 53 grad- 
uates. In North Carolina the 
talk is to cripple, if not destroy, 
our old University. — Wilmington 

Yes, that's the talk, and we are 
ashamed to confess that there are 


so many pretended friends of edu- 
cation in North Carolina who are 
so contracted in their ideas — so 
narrow-minded in their views — as 
to encourage such talk. But let us 
hope that the grand old institution 
will still survive, despite the savage 
and unfair attacks of its enemies. 
The last Legislature did its part 
nobly by the University, and the 
facts go to show that it could not 
have appropriated the same 
amount of money in a manner 
more profitable. To sustain this 
assertion we have only to refer to 
the last report of the President. 
The University is doing a noble 
work for North Carolina. But 
some people are so blinded by 
prejudice that they can't see it. 
Under the wise and able leader- 
ship of its most worthy President, 
assisted by a corps of professors 
as learned and as determined 
as any university can boast 
of, it is making rapid strides, 
and has already taken its place 
among the foremost colleges and 
universities of the South. It is 
doing a great work in arousing the 
people of our State, and urging 
them to the necessity of shaking 
off that old Rip Van Winkleism 
that has so long characterized their 
actions. Its work is grand in dis- 
pelling the black cloud of ignor- 
ance which has always hovered 
over our people(P), and which has 
often been pointed to with sneers 
and in words of derision. 

Now, it remains for the preser 

Legislature to say whether or nc 

this work shall continue. 
* * 

The last Message from Green: 

boro is " bilin all over." Nanc 

is terribly out of humor. Dina 

is not herself. The High Schot 

Bulletin received a stunning lefi 

handed slap. The Davidso 

Monthly was knocked out in th 

first round and the Wake Fores 

Student can't survive under th 

terrific blows received. Altogethe 

it has been a fearful time. Ou 

own Magazine is in an awful 

condition. The doctors say i 

may rally. The case is certainly 

critical. We can only hope fo 

the best. There has been a gene 

ral " knocking down and clearing 

out." Still the dread monster ha.' 

blood in her eyes and upon he 

forehead is painted, " Destructior 

and Death." We feel warrantee 

in saying that such a calamity ha 

never before befallen a poor, helpi 

less people. We have been exl 

pecting such a thing, though. We 

felt it coming. Our bones ached 

This poor mortal frame of ours; 

" natall^' trembled for fear. How 

could we foretell its coming? 

Why, easily enough. Events of 

such vast importance cast their 

shadows before them. The forked 

lightning and the low rumbling of 

the distant thunder recently heard 

in the regions of the north pole 

werebutthe precursorsof thedread 



onster. The terrific shocks of 
■e recent earthquake that caused 
te loss of so many lives in the 
stern world, were but the results 
one stamp of her foot in break- 
er the shackles that bound her. 
le fetters were loosed and she 
is free — " to reply." With one 
and, majestic wave of the hand 
oh, 'twas indescribable ; and the 
fects ? — mirabile dictn ! Merci- 
1 Jupiter, deliver us we pray 
-from such a spanking (?) again. 

* * 

The " Baby Show" in the Salem 
cademy for January was excel- 
nt — of the kind. However, we 
ive never admired baby s shows 
' any kind. 

The Chemist's Love Song. 

love thee, Mary, and thou lovest me; 
ir mutual flame is like the affinity 
hat doth exist between two simple bodies, 
am potassium to thy oxygen; 
is but that the holy marriage vow 
lall shortly make us one. That unity 
, after all, but metaphysical. 
li ! would that I, my Mary, were an acid — \ 
living acid; thou an alkali 
ndowed with human sense; that brought 

'e might both coalesce into salt, 
ne homogeneous crystal. Oh, that thou 
r ert carbon, and myself hydrogen ! 
r e would unite to form olefiant gas 
f common coal, or naphtha. Would to 

hat I were phosphorous and thou wert lime, 
nd me, of lime composed a phosphuret ! 
d be content to be sulphuric acid, 
) that thou might be soda. In that case 


We would be Glauber's Salt. Wert thou 

Instead, we'd form the salt that's named Ep- 
Couldst thou potassia be, I aquafortis, 
Our happy union should that compound form 
Nitrate of potash — otherwise saltpetre. 
And thus our several natures sweetly blent, 
We'd live and love together until death 
Should decompose this fleshy Tertium Quid, 
Leaving our souls to all eternity 
Amalgamated ! 

— [Exchange. 

The above is very affectionately 
dedicated to our recent graduate 
in chemistry, Mr. Anderson. 


■x- * 

When, in our last issue, we 
promised to answer all communi- 
cations addressed to Box 118, we 
had no idea of getting so much 
businesson our hands. Wethought 
that at Female Colleges the girls 
were not allowed to write to boys 
at all. We thought, though, that 
probably a half dozen knew the 
ropes and would be shrewd enough 
to get a letter mailed. But it seems 
we were sadly mistaken, either in 
our idea of the rigidness of the 
rules or in our estimate of the 
number of shrewd girls, — we are 
unable to say which. But suffice 
it to say, we were mistaken, and 
as a consequence we are ''stttck." 
The girls will please excuse us, if, 
in order to get out of the scrape 
as easily as possible, we answer 
their letters through these col- 
umns. We promise that their 
names shall not be made known. 

In regard to the" photo" which a 



majority of them spoke of, we 
reply that we have none on hand 
now, and the Old Man would not 
back us up with the "checks" in 
having such a number taken to 
scatter out so promiscuously. 

In regard to corresponding, 
which some spoke about, we beg 
leave to say that our college du- 
ties are so heavy this year that it 
will be out of the question for us 
to think of adding any more to 
our list of correspondents at pres- 

Now two letters, we confess, 
were rather personal in their na- 
ture. These we will have to an- 
swer through another channel. 
We are very inexperienced in an- 
swering love-letters, and of course, 
for our own sake, if not for the 
sake of those to whom the answers 
are to be sent, we would not be 
willing to expose them to the in- 
spection of all those who glance 
over these columns. 

In conclusion, we beg to say 
that our post-office box has been 

Histories make men wise; poets, 
witty; the mathematics, subtile ; 
natural philosophy, deep ; morals, 
grave ; logic and rhetoric, able to 
contend. — Bacon. 

* * 

Of the solutions, which have 
been sent to us, to the chemical 
formula in our last issue, only two 
were correct. Mrs. R. S. McRae, 

of Chapel Hill, and Mr. R, ,; 
Stevenson, of Cheraw, S. C, we 
the successful ones. After spea 
ing lots of good words for 01 
Magazine, complimenting its pr 
gressive spirit, etc., Mr. Stevensc 
continues : " I notice the cheri 
ical question in your last issue, , 
to what compound the formu 
given would make. I have nd 
looked in a chemistry in tJ 
years, but will say that it wi 
make coffee better than anythin 
else. It is one of the most plea 
ant results of the combination c 
H2O with organic matter." 

It is needless to say that by re 
turn mails the prizes were fo 
warded to the successful one 
and two persons went on thei 
way rejoicing. 

* * 

An exchange contains an articl 
on "Dressing for the Photograph. 
Judging from the photograph! 
which we have seen of famoui 
actresses (and some others), th|J 
apparently don't dress for them. 
* * 
The editor of a Texas pape 

gives the following figures fron; 
a statistical memorandum of hi.' 

Been asked to drink 1 1 , 36; 

Drank ri ^ 

Requested to retract 4I ( 

Did not retract .._ 4^ 

Invited to parties and receptions by 

parties fishing for puffs 3,33' 

Took the hint y. 

Didn't take the hint 3i 30c 



xeatened to be whipped 1 7° 

en whipped . ° 

lipped the other fellow... - 4 

.dn't come to time 166 

en promised whiskey, gin, etc., if 

1 he would go after them 5, DI ° 

} en after them 5. 610 

en asked what's the news 300,000 

:>ld 23 

;dn't know -. 200,000 

led about it. 99.977 

ipen to church 2 

ganged politics 3 2 

cpect to change still 5° 

ive to charity $ 5 °° 

tve for terrier dog 25 00 

ksh on hand 1 00 


Vanderbilt has decided to issue 

College Annual. Vandy has 

( ,iade a mistake in putting two 

'ien on the editorial staff from 

'ich fraternity, but Vandy will 

;e her mistake like we did, in 

utting two on from each frater- 

[ity for the Pandora. The only 

ay to make a success out of a 

jiollege Annual is to put in the 

lands of a few, and put the re- 

oonsibilities on them. The Uni- 

ersity of Georgia tried sixteen 

ditors on the Pandora last year. 

tfhis year, seven will serve the 

iiame purpose. — University (Ga.) 


* * 

The Brooklyn Magazine. — 
Vn actress's advice to those of her 
! ex who aspire to the stage is 
1 aturally of peculiar interest, and 
>ne may safely prophesy that 
*tiss Georgia Cayvan's article in 
he February Brooklyn Magazine 

will enjoy a wide reading. Miss 
Cayvan writes in answer to the 
question submitted her, " Can 
you advise young women to adopt 
the stage ?" and her arguments 
pro and con are cleverly made, 
and have a decided interest. Fol- 
lowing in importance in the con- 
tents of this number of the Brook- 
lyn is the publication of a humor- 
ous poem by General John A. 
Logan, now printed for the first 
time, entitled "To Mrs. Smith's 
Bonnet." The lines will be the 
first intimation to thousands that 
the dead general had any poetical 
inclinations. A third feature that 
is most readable, and certainly 
very witty, is Mrs. J. H. Wal- 
worth's narrative in story form of 
" My Beautiful Parisian Cousin." 
Edmund Collins's paper on " So- 
cial Life in Canada," with a time- 
ly glimpse of Canadian girls on 
the toboggan slide, is spicy and 
entertaining, while the descrip- 
tion of what occurred during "An 
Evening With a Spiritualist," by 
Mrs. F. G. de Fontaine, is a strik- 
ing story. Seaton Donoho con- 
tributes the second of his lively 
" Stories and Memories of Wash- 
ington," and tells his stories in a 
way that will hold the attention 
of even the most casual reader. 
Alexander Black furnishes the 
weighty paper of the number in a 
discussion of "The Practical Ideal- 
ism of Emerson," which Jennie 
Oliver Smith follows with a very 



good railroad romance which she 
calls, " Caught in His Own Snare." 
Edith M. Thomas, Rose Hartwick 
Thorpe, Clinton Scollard have 
each a bright poem, and Mrs. 
Henry Ward Beecher has her 
usual "Monthly Talk." The other 
articles discuss "Smoking Among 
Ladies," " Shall Mrs. Cleveland 
Dance?" " A Dutch Landscape," 
" How 'Camille' Was Written," 
"In an Italian Gambling Den," 
" Love in a Dovecot ;'" the Rev. 
Henry Ward Beecher supplement- 
ing all with four sermons revised 
by himself for this publication. 
The number is in every way 
bright and readable, and offers its 
readers a great deal of good litera- 
ture for so low a price as 20 cents 
a single number, or $2 a year. 
The Brooklyn Magazine, 130-132 
Pearl Street, New York. 

* * 

The frontispiece of Scribners 
Magazine for March is a strong 
and dignified portrait of M. Thiers, 
engraved from the painting by 
Healy, which has not before been 

The first article, " The Stability 
of the Earth," by Prof. N. S. 
Shaler, is a full and comprehen- 
sive discussion of the whole sub- 
ject of earthquakes and kindred 
phenomena. Professor Shaler 
writes in a clear and interesting 
manner of their causes, distribu- 
tion and effects, and pays particu- 
lar attention to the probability of 

severe shocks occurring in th it 
country, and to the best method 
of preparing for and of avoiding 
their dangers. The illustration ti 
which are very numerous, ai " 
mainly taken from photograpr m 
which have been collected by Prw 
fessor Shaler, and cover a veil hi 
wide area. They include severt 
interesting views of the effects < 
the recent Charleston earthquake. 

" Aunt Fountain's Prisoner" i 
a short story by Joel Chandle 
Harris, which displays all the olc 
time skill and cleverness of " Ur 
cle Remus," although it is in 
somewhat different vein from hi 
previous work. 

The third instalment of ex 
Minister Washburne's " Reminis 
cences of the Siege and Commum 
of Paris" describes the establish 
ment of the Commune, and mam 
of the exciting and terrible inci 
dents that occurred during iti 
reign. The value of the article i: 
greatly increased by the descrip 
tions of prominent leaders of botl 
parties, and by the excellent illus 
trations, some of which are b)i 
artists who were in Paris at the 

" What is an Instinct?" is the 
question which is answered by 
Prof. William James in a thought- 
ful and scholarly article, which is 
marked by unusual vigor and 
freshness of expression. The 
article deals more especially with 
the instincts of man, and is of 



Articular value for its clear state- 
iptf of the laws which govern in- 
ii.ncts and their relation to edu- 
ition and mental development. 
("Father Andrei" is a strongly 
tnceived story of Russian Life, 
j Robert Gordon Butler, in 
imch the character of the simple 

old village priest, and his gradual 
sinking under the weight of im- 
puted crime, is drawn with a firm 
and realistic touch. 

" Cordon !" a dramatic story of 
a Paris mystery, by T. R. Sulli- 
van, is a fitting conclusion to a 
number unusually rich in fiction. 



The College World. 

Claudius Dockery. 

— At the last examination at 
West Point thirty-nine cadets 
were dropped. 

=Nearly half of the 10,933 
graduates of Harvard have gradu- 
ated in the last fifty years. 

=They are to have a Roman 
Catholic University at Washing- 
ton. Eight hundred thousand 
dollars have already been sub- 

= Hillsdale and Alleghany col- 
leges, it is said, have changed 
their weekly holiday from Satur- 
day to Monday. 

=The Yale Banner has reached 
a sale of nearly 1,000 copies. 

=One hundred and twenty-four 
students at Harvard University 
are working their way through 

^Pennsylvania's University has 
liquidated a debt of $140,000 
within the last year. 

= Henry Martin of Cincinnati 
has donated $25,000 to the Chris- 
tian College in China. 

=Jonas Gilman Clark donated 
$1,000,000 to found and endow v 
a University at Worcester, Mass. 

=Richard Perkins, of Boston, 
has left the Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology $100,000. 

= Daniel Webster was editor 
the first college paper publishe 
in America — the Dartmouth G< 

=The University of Michiga 
was the first institution in th: 
country to introduce the co-edi 
cational system. 

=The Board of Visitors of th 
University of Virginia have take 
steps to stop gambling among th 
students of that institution. 

=Of the fifteen thousand stu 
dents who are attending th 
medical colleges in the Unite^ 
States, four thousand will gradt 
ate this year. 

=The German Universitie 
have entrance examinations bu 
require credentials from the pre! 
paratory schools of all applicant; 
for admission. 

=Dr. Happer is canvassing ir 
the cities of this country for fund; 
to found a Christian college ir 

=Chicago University is about 
to be re-established on a noni 
sectarian basis. Several wealthy 
residents have signified their will 
ingness to assist. 

=The Whig and the Clio, the; 
two Literary societies of Princeton 



pect to build new halls, the 
cimated cost of each being 
.000. The Whig society was 
unded by James Madison and 
e Clio by Aaron Burr. 

=Disputants about the value 
college education have drawn 
!) the following lists of eminent 
imes and given them to the 
kblic to say which is the greater : 
mt college graduates.— Trow- 
'idge, Field, Bayard Taylor, 
ggleston, Harte, Howells, James, 
ldrich, Stockton, Cable, Craw- 
'•rd, Carleton, Mark Twain, Stod- 
ard. College graduates. — Long- 
ilow, Hale, Ticknor, Willis, R. 
;. Dana, Joseph Cook, Emerson, 
Hawthorne, Holmes, Prescott, 
irentice, Slidman, John Fisk. 
; =Johns Hopkins University 
'estows twenty fellowships per 
nnum on graduates of that Uni- 
iersity who propose to devote 
;ieir lives to special branches of 
dence or literature. The holder 
tf such a fellowship is exempt 
rom tuition and receives $500 
; early. 

! =The rules in William and 
fclary college in 1772 forbade the 
tudents to drink anything but 
i 1 cider, beer, toddy and spirits 
i.nd water." 

! =Hugh Stowell Brown's advice 
[ o Christian students : "Young 
nen, take care that whilst you are 
jutting off the old man you do 
Hot put on the old woman.'" 

=One of the Yale seniors is 
fifty years old and has gray locks. 
His other three years in college 
ended at Yale twenty-one years 
ago. He suddenly left at the 
close of the junior year, and has 
been roving about ever since. He 
is now superintendent of the 
schools at Kansas City, and has 
hired a substitute while he finishes 
his college course. 

—The Berlin correspondent of 
the New York Tribune says that 
in the University of Berlin there 
are 5,357 regularly matriculated 
students, but that adding other 
schools, which are parts of the 
University, the number of stu- 
dents rises to 6,880. Of these, 
140 are from the United States. 
The correspondent says further- 
more : " In the American delega- 
tion, the number of University of 
Virginia men is surprising. I be- 
lieve that old University has had 
more sons in Berlin than any 
American college, not excepting 
Harvard or Yale." 

=The Faculty of Princeton 
College have agreed upon a plan 
to admit students to a share in 
the control of the college. Under 
the plan, a committee consisting 
of twelve under-graduates — six 
seniors, three juniors, two sopho- 
mores and one freshman — will be 
elected by the students for friend- 
ly conference with the Faculty 
who, it is believed, will thus be 



enabled to administer the discip- 
line of the college with greater 
ease and justice to all concerned. 
=The plans have been drawn 
for the Jewish Theological Semi- 
nary to be erected in New York 

-=Professor Edward Olney of 
the University of Michigan, the 
author of a series of text-books 
in Mathematics, died recently at 
the age of sixty. 

=The library at Cornell receives 
new books at an average of ten a 

= The Legislature of California 
is considering a bill to provide the 
University with a permanent in- 

=In the new grading system at 
Harvard there are five groups, viz. : 
A, above 90 per cent ; B, 90-78 ; 
C, 78-60: D, 60-40; E, failure,' 
below 40 per cent. 

=Dartmouth is the only chart- 
ered college in New Hampshire. 
The legislature of that progressive 
State will not grant a charter to 
any new educational institution. 

=A Yale College paper says 
that the secular magazines and 
papers are removed from 'the 
Dwight Hall reading-room Satur 
day. It is supposed the religious 
weeklies are substituted, in order 
to give the students an opportu- 
nity on the Sabbath to read the 
patent-medicine advertisements, 

and the long list of 'valuable pre 
miums' offered to subscribers.- 
Norristown Herald. 

=The Yale boat crew is n 
longer to be compelled topractic 
on rowing machines during th 
winter months. A tank, sixtj 
feet by thirty has been construct 
ed, in the center of which ai 
eight-oared barge is fastened. Her] 
the oarsmen will have all the ad 
vantages of actual rowing, anc 
the fact that the work is hardei 
than if the boat was free, ought to 
be an advantage rather than 5 

=A vigorous enthusiasm ha 
been aroused in the University oi 
Michigan in regard to the study 
of elocution. Nearly 280 are en 
gaged in the work. The Chronicle, 
advocates the permanent estab 
lishment of a chair of elocution in 
theLiterary department. 

=We are glad that card-playing 
is not prevalent in Bates. Such 
an occupation may do for gamblers 1 
and blacklegs, but for honest, in- 
telligent young men, it is not the 
thing. It may do for the starved 
in soul and intellect, but college 
students should find some amuse- 
ment better fitted to their station 
than shuffling a pack of greasy 
cards. — Bates Student. 

=A " White Cross Army," con- 
sisting of eighteen members, has 
been organized at the University 




; the City of New York. The 
ejects of the society are, the pro- 
■otion of personal purity among 
Dung men, the elevation of pub- 
; opinion regarding the question 
: : personal purity, and the main- 
'i:nance of the same standard 
Tiong men and women. A com- 
'liittee is entrusted with the man- 
cement of the Association. All 
oung men over sixteen are eligi- 
ble to membership. 

=Quite a number of our ex- 
changes, from Massachusetts to 
California, have commented upon 
tie suspension of the two students 
rom the Illinois Wesleyan Uni 
ersity. They all seem to think 
'he students were treated unfairly, 
'"his is but natural, as the means 
ur exchanges had of determining 
4ie merits of the case were from 
'he article published in the second 
dumber of the Bee, by W. L. Mil- 
er, the suspended editor. The 
article just mentioned gave a very 
-me-sided version of the difficulty 
between Miller and the Faculty. 
Had Miller given the real facts in 
.he case, it is not probable he 
would have received the sympa- 
thy that has been shown him by 
the various college journals of the 
( country. — The Mini. 

TY, Evanston, III. — Northwest- 
ern University is managed by the 
■Methodist Episcopal Church. In 
the College department it has 

twelve instructors, and, including 
women, about one hundred and 
fifty students. There is a Prepar- 
atory "department. Schools of 
Theology, Medicine and Law are 
intimately connected with the 
University, although, to some ex- 
tent, they are under separate man- 
agement. The Medical and Law 
departments are in Chicago ; the 
others are in Evanston, a suburb. 
— Ex. 

^University of Michigan, 

Ann ARBOR, Mich.— In the Un- 
dergraduate department of Mich- 
igan there are about six hundred 
students. The courses are largely 
elective. Degrees are conferred 
in Arts, Philosophy, Science, Let- 
ters and Engineering, the A. B. 
degree being the most popular. 
In the Law, Medical, Pharmacy, 
Dental and Graduate departments 
there are about a thousand stu- 
dents. Women are admitted upon 
the same terms as men. The Uni- 
versity was established in 1841, 
and is controlled by the State. — 

=Indiana University, Bloom- 
INGTON, Ind. — The Indiana Uni- 
versity belongs to the State. In 
the College department there are 
usually about one hundred and 
sixty students. Degrees are con- 
ferred in Arts, Letters, Philoso- 
phy, and Science. During the 
latter half of the course the stu- 
dies are largely elective. There 



are eighteen instructors. Besides 
the College, there is a Preparatory 
department with about one hun- 
dred students. Women are ad- 
mitted to both departments.— Ex. 

=Randolph-Macon College, 
Ashland, Va.— Randolph-Macon 
College, founded in 1842, is the 
property of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, South. The students 
are not divided into classes. De- 
grees are conferred in Arts, Phil- 
osophy and Science. There are 
eight instructors and about one 
hundred and twenty-five students. 
Women are not admitted.— Ex. 

=Ohio State University, 
Columbus, O.— The Ohio State 
University belongs to the State, 
and is managed by a board of 
trustees appointed by the Gov- 
ernor. The origin of the institu- 
tion was the national land-grant 
for the support of agricultural and 
mechanical colleges. The pro- 
ceeds of Ohio's share of the grant 
amounted to more than five hun- 
dred thousand dollars. The in- 
come of this fund is enjoyed by 
this University, and there is also 
an annual appropriation made by 
the Legislature. The grounds and 
buildings, now worth some five or 
six hundred thousand dollars, were 
in part the gift of the city and 

county. Degrees are conferred i 
Arts, Philosophy, Science, M< 
chanical Engineering, Mining Ei 
gineering, Civil Engineering, an 
Agriculture. There are about on 
hundred and fifty under-graduates 
and about the same number in th 
Preparatory department. Womei 
are admitted. Since the institu 
tion was opened in 1872 i 
has been steadily growing ii 
favor. — Ex. 

= Maine State College 1 
Orono, Me.— The Maine State 
College of Agriculture and Me! 
chanic Arts owes its origin to thd 
national land-grant, and is con- 
trolled by the State. By the will 
of the late ex-Governor Abner 
Coburn it received one hundred 
thousand dollars in 1886. There! 
are courses in Civil Engineering! 
and Mechanical Engineering, lead- 
ing to the degree of B. C. E. and 
B. M. E. ; and there are courses 
in Agriculture, in Chemistry, and! 
in general Science and Literature, 
each leading to B. S. Almost all, 
of the students choose the courses! 
in Civil Engineering, Mechanical' 
Engineering and Chemistry. Wo- 
men are admitted, but only a few! 
are in attendance. There are ten 
professors and about one hundred 
students. — Ex. 



College Record. 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

— Louis Tayloe Winston is now 
arly two months old. He can 
jecline bonus with ease and has 
mastered Caesar's Gallic War. 

1 — Brother Dockey got mad one 
ly. He had just asked for his 
3 ail. It was handed him, he 
jjiund a letter that had been 
JDened, on the envelope was writ- 
jim, "opened by mistake." He 
( as just beginning to make some 
pry forcible remarks about the 
jinbecility of people who open 
a tters without reading the ad- 
dress when the contents struck 
c is eyes and it was this: "Blunt 
jimself is here." 

H — During the session of the 
legislature a visiting committee 
% three came up to look around. 
,i f hey were Messrs. Fries of For- 
Vth, Bennett of Stanley and Pin- 
ax of Yadkin. Two went away 
lery much pleased and wanted to 
■ive us $40,000. May the num- 
:er of such men multiply and still 

—The sad news has reached us. 
com Covington, Tenn., that Mrs. 
£mma C. Kerr, relict of the late 
Professor W. C. Kerr, died in that 
ity February 25th, from conges- 
lon of the brain. She had spent 

the winter with us and had only 
left on February 1st. While here 
she endeared herself to all by her 
kindness and gentleness and the 
blow is felt by all who knew 
her. The remains were interred 
in Raleigh, Professors Atkinson, 
Holmes and Love going down to 
pay the last sad tribute of respect. 

— At the close of his instruc- 
tion in elocution, Professor Ray- 
hill gave an entertainment in 
Girard Hall. The programme for 
the evening was divided between 
select readings by the professor, 
and recitations by members of the 
class. These were six in number: 
J. A. Farmer, Paul Jones, M. W. 
Edgerton, W. M. Curtis, C G. 
Foust and W. M. Little. The 
contest between them was for a 
gold medal. The decision of the 
committee made a tie between 
Messrs. Jones and Edgerton and 
a medal was given to each, Mr. 
Jones declaimed "The Wreck" and 
Mr. Edgerton "The Sioux Chief's 

— March 1st Professor Venable 
delivered a lecture on the Rosi- 
crucians in their relations to 
Alchemy, under the auspices of 
the Mitchell Society. 



Shakespeare Club.— Wednes- 
day, February 16th, 1887. The 
subject for discussion was"Twelfth 
Night." The following offered 
criticisms : 

Starbuck — Malvolio. 

Bourne — The Duke. 

• Hester — Viola. 

Grissom — Selections. 

Prof. Gore- Olivia's sudden 

Dr. Hume-Compares with other 
comedies and notes the psychol- 
ogical study. 

By request of the Club, Profes- 
sor Winston will deliver an ad- 
dress on Wednesday, March 30th, 
1887. As this was the meeting 
set apart for the ladies many 
favored the Club with their pres- 

The subject chosen for Wed- 
nesday, April 6th, was Midsum- 
mer Night's Dream. The ladies 
are invited to attend the meeting 
on March 16th and hear the dis- 
cussion of Merchant of Venice. 
Dr. Eugene Grissom was invited 
to address the Club soon. 

Julius Caesar, the subject of the 
evening was discussed : 

V. W. Long — Antony, an ad- 
verse view. 

McDonald — Caesar, the main- 
spring of the play. 

McAlister — Brutus, in defense 
of him. 

Dr. Hume — Discusses Brutus 

and Portia. Also the schools 
philosophy represented. 

Prof. Winston- -Discusses tli 
character delineations, Caesar's r 
lations to the play that bears h 

February 22nd.— This nation^ 

holiday was celebrated by us thj 

year as usual— with feasting an) 

a cessation from college dutie 

The speaker for the occasion wa 

Mr. Richard N. Hackett of th 1 

Senior class and the Di. hall th 

place. His subject was Nort 

Carolina in the Revolution. H 

spoke of Lexington and its effec 

on this State; of the Mecklei 

burg Declaration, May 20th, 1771! 

showing that within our bordei 

was to be found the real cradle 6 

American Liberty ; of the Fall c|i 

1780, when the patriot cause haf 

suffered so many reverses and th 

part North Carolinians had in reja 

trieving those misfortunes, closing 

with an exhortation and an invd» 

cation for the future. 

The day was rainy and unpleas 
ant and a misunderstanding ir 
regard to the time caused somt 
confusion. The speaker was in 
troduced by Mr. R. G. Grissorr: 
while the marshals, Messrs. M. R 
Eure and A. B, Shaw performed 
their duties with grace and ele- 

The ball of the evening before 
was pleasant and much enjoyed 
by all participants. 




Y. M. C. A.— The last week in 
ebruary was the time set apart 
Y the International Committee 
>r Southern colleges as a time of 
oecial prayer for colleges. The 

st week in January was observed 
1 the north and at some places 
as been observed for years. To 
iie beneficial results coming from 
,; Ex-President Dwight, of Yale, 
/resident Seelye and Professor 
V. S. Tyler, of Amherst, have 
iven ample testimony. We could 
ave no regular lecture for the 
aonth, so the Faculty united 
vith the Y. M. C. A. and invited 
he Rev. Robert Strange, of Ral- 
igh, to come up and speak. He 
lid so and his words were full of 
encouragement, comfort and cheer, 
the programme was : Announce- 
ment by the President of the As- 
iociation here stating the object 
md nature of the meeting, invo- 
ration by Dr. Hume, reading of 
Scriptures by Rev. J. R. Griffith, 
singing, sermon, singing, prayer 
ind benediction by Rev. W. M. 

The Executive Committee of 
Y. M. C A.'s of North Carolina 
which has its headquarters this 
year at this place, now has a State 
Secretary in the field who will 
visit as many points as his time 
and their money will allow, en- 
couraging, directing and strength- 
ening old associations and form- 
ing new ones. We hope to have 
him with us about March 20th. 

Elisha Mitchell Scientific So- 
ciety. — February 8th, i88j. — So- 
ciety called to order by Professor 
Holmes. Thirty-eight present. 

Professor Gore described 

The reported discovery, or a new 
source, by Capt. Glazier, reported 
to this Society some two years 
ago, was referred to. Since then 
Lake "Glazier" has been accepted 
by many as the source. A brief 
account was given of the earlier 
discoveries,then asketch of the last 
expedition, the report of which 
has just lately appeared. This 
shows Lake Glazier to be a myth. 
A reporter who accompanied Gla- 
zier on his expedition acknowl- 
edged the bare-faced falsity of 
his pretensions to any discovery. 
Lake Itasca, then, remains the un- 


was continued irom last meeting, 
by Dr. W. B. Phillips. The gen- 
eric differences between lodes and 
veins were pointed out, and the 
reasons for them considered at 
some length. In the United States 
writers on Geology and Mining 
have not adopted the nomencla- 
ture used on the continent of Eu- 
rope, and hence there is some con- 
fusion of terms. A lode is a 
filled-up crack, and is younger than 
both its walls ; a vein, on the con- 
trary, is a member of the stratified 



rock in which it occurs, and is 
younger than its fort-wall and 
older than its hanging-wall. 

An animated discussion follow- 
ed between Dr. Phillips and Prof. 
Holmes on the reputed inaccura- 
cy and indefiniteness of the geo- 
logical use of these terms. Dr. 
Venable expressed surprise at the 
unsatisfactory nature of geological 
nomenclature, the use of local 
terms and the rejection of the bet- 
ter system proposed by Professor 
Rogers. This system, Dr. Phillips 
suggested, was based upon one in 
use for centuries in Cornwall. 


was described by Professor Atkin- 
son — that is, a new species of En- 
tomopthora, causing a contagious 
disease in the beetle known as 
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus. 
The Entomopthora is a genus of 
fungi. Dust-like spores settle up- 
on the body of the insect and 
germinate, sending a thread-like j 
growth into the interior of the \ 
insect. This mycelial thread j 
grows, sewing the body through 
and through, and causing death 
of insect After death they pen- 
etrate to the exterior, and on their | 
ends are produced the reproduct- I 
ive bodies which can be borne by i 
wind to other insects. Thousands 
of these beetles were destroyed in 
the vicinity of Chapel Hill last 
fall. In death they fasten to the 
flowers and leaves of the Golden 

j Rod. Fifty or seventy-five ma 
be found on one plant. The d< 
velopment and alternations of ger 
erations of the fungus were d< 

Other species of entomopthor 
| attacking the grasshopper, housd 
| flies, etc., were mentioned. An 
| tempts at propagating these fung 
; so as to spread contagion amon 
injurious insects, were noted 
None entirely successful, so fa 
Mounted specimens of Golde 
Rod, with beetles attached, and 
microscopic preparations of th 
pathogenic fungus were exhibited 
Prof. Holmes mentioned a case 
observed by him, of a parasiti 
worm attacking an ant. 


Under this reading Dr. Venabk 

gave an account of the resume re 

cently published by Biockmawi 

(Annalen der Chemie, 237,39-90) 

of all investigations on this sub 

ject since 1807. The importance 

of an accurate determination o; 

the amount of Co 2 and of throw 

ing light on the question as to it.' 

constancy or gradual decrease, wa<- 

pointed out. Large tables giving 

the results of the many investiga 

tions were exhibited and dis^ 

cussed. As the result of the most 

reliable experiments, the amount 

was accepted as fixed 3 volumes 

in 10,000 of air. The experiments 

pointed to but slight differences 

day or night, on land or sea, in 



tie hemisphere or another. The 
ites are too few to settle these 
;Dints. No decrease in amount 
iith the lapse of time is actually 

1 Dr. Venable also exhibited, in 
s completed form, the new lamp 
\- burner to be used with gasolene 
,is. This burner had been de- 
bribed at the November meet- 

;, The Secretary distributed the 
evv Journal (1885-86) to mem- 
-ers present. 

j — The new teacher of German 
.rid French, Prof. H. M. Schmidt, 
jrrived March 2nd and took 
harge of his classes at once and 
> giving great satisfaction. He is 
German by birth and a native of 
loslin in Pomerania on the Baltic, 
tudied a half year at the Univer- 
ity of Jena, a year at Berlin and 
hree years at Strassburg where 
■ e was thrown into a large French 
'Opulation and learned to speak 
hat language fluently. At this 
ulace he passed his Statts Ex amen, 
State examination), allowing him 
o teach in the State academies 
.nd gymnasiums. He travelled 
or some time in South Europe 
i.nd North Africa has some ac- 
[uaintance with Spanish and a 
till more extended knowledge of 
he Italian language. Has been 
n America a year and a half, 
pending two months in Florida 
ind the rest in teaching at Hobo- 

ken, N. J. Is deeply interested 
in early English literature and is 
an occasional contributor to Mod- 
ern Language Notes. Is about 26 
years of age. 

— February 22nd the spring 
election for medalists was held 
and resulted as follows: Ugly 
Mans, M. H. Palmer ; Lazys 
Mans, Kirby H. Smith ; Dude's, 
J. C. Martin ; Borer's, Thos. A. 
Cox ; Cheeky Mans, J. E. Mebane 
and E. D. Moore. These were 
supposed to have been given on 
merit strictly, but -a few fellows 
ever desirous of a change of for- 
tune had a part of the election 
reconsidered and this result was 
arrived at : Ugly Man, Albert Ro- 
senthal ; Borer, David B. Perry. 

— The last Legislature took 
away from us the Land Grant 
fund of $7,500 and gave it to the 
new Agricultural and Mechanical 
College which is to be established 
soon at Raleigh. We have use of 
the fund until next year or until 
the new college is ready for work. 
None of this money can be used 
in erecting buildings. It is to be 
hoped that the next Legislature 
which meets in North Carolina 
will be wiser than the last one was 
and instead of threatening to take 
away the small pittance the Uni- 
versity now receives from the 
State largely increase it. There is 
not a University in the world 



which can live without an endow- 
ment or State aid. 

From the last report of President 
Battle we see that Virginia, with 
one-third more taxable property 
gives $40,000 to her University 
and $30,000 to the Military Insti- 
tute and $30,329 to the colored 
colleges, while we give $27,500 to 
the University and $8,000 to Nor- 
mal Schools. These are facts and 
can't be disputed ; but the cry of 

poverty can be raised against tb 
arguments for increased appr 
priation. Yes, we are might 
poor when the question of payit 
comes, but when we brag on 01 
forests, fisheries, cotton and fr 
baccp fields, turpentine busines 
trucking interests, oyster bed 
rich mines of valuable minera 
and growing towns, others thin 
us the richest people in the world 
" Consistency, thou art a jewel ! 

Rt. Rev. Thomas Atkinson, D. D., LL. D. 



April, i 

Id Series Vol. XIX. 
ew Series Vol. VI. 


No. 8. 




Jacob C. Johnson, 

Claudius Dockery, 

Vernon VV. Long, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 

SON, D. D., LL. D. 

[Condensed from Memorial Sermon, by Henry C. Lay, Bishop of Easton.] 

I would set in the forefront of 
his discourse the expression of 
»ur devout gratitude to Almighty 
jod for the tenderness of his life- 
ong dealing with THOMAS AT- 
KINSON, late Bishop of North 
Carolina. Few lives have been so 
:ven and so prosperous — so laden 
vith substantial blessing, so shield- 
ed from calamity. 

I am far from suggesting that 
le did not share to the full in the 
rials and the griefs common to 
til great-hearted Christian men. 

The flesh could not be subdued to 
the spirit without anguish of soul. 
Zeal for God's house could not 
but consume the heart in which it 
burned. Sympathies so habitual- 
ly cultivated could not fail to call 
forth, in this sad world, many a 
tear of generous grief. Grave re- 
sponsibilities could not be borne 
through a long life, and often un- 
der critical circumstances, without 
heart-ache and anxiety, and many 
a wound to the sensibilities. But 
for all this, we may rightly say of 



this steward in the family of God, 
"The Lord was with Joseph, and 
he was a prosperous man, * * * 
the Lord was with him, and that 
which he did, the Lord made it 
to prosper." 

Consider him in his natural en- 
dowments and his personal gifts. 
How goodly a presence was his! 
A manly form, a noble head, a 
countenance in which intellectual 
power, strength of will and sweet- 
ness of temper were harmoniously 
combined, and were the more 
lovely for the singular absence of 
self-consciousness. Strangers ev- 
erywhere turned to look on him 
as on a man, beyond doubt, a 
chieftain in his proper sphere. 

How suitable was his prepara- 
tion for his ultimate work! To 
early familiarity with plantation 
life and country people were add- 
ed the study and practice of the 
law, promoting that judicial mind 
which, in after years, gave him so 
much power in debate, and which 
in the House of Bishops caused 
him to be deferred to in any emer- 
gency specially demanding mod- 
eration and just judgment. 

During his earlier ministry, the 
very repression to which men of 
his ecclesiastical views were sub- 
jected in Virginia, served, as in the 
case of his dear friend, Bishop 
Cobbs, to make him more cau- 
tious, more tolerant, more careful 
to observe the proportion of faith. 
But he never wavered in the two 

convictions which moulded 1 
ministerial career, viz. : that t 
apostolic authority has been pt 
petuated and is now vested in t 
Bishops, and that in the holy Sc 
raments grace is exhibited ai 
conferred, unless there is a bar. 

Success attended his priest 
ministry in Norfolk and in Lync 
burg. When he removed to B; 
timore, Maryland at once reco 
nized his ability and gave him h 
confidence. Grace Church is 
monument of his success as 
Presbyter of that diocese. 

He was prospered as Bishop 
North Carolina. That diocei 
had just received in the defectic 
of his predecessor a severe an 
mortifying blow. The friends < 
Bishop Atkinson anticipated §<j 
him no small difficulty in secu 
ing the confidence of peop! 
alarmed and agitated, and in pr< 
venting the rebound toward deni; 
of catholic truth, which so natt 
rally follows the insidious intn 
sion of mediaeval errors unde 
color of that honored name. 

I need not tell you that, unde 
his firm and gentle guidance, cor 
fidence was restored, and you 
diocese remained true to her prir. 
ciples as in the days of Raven* 

I would mention, moreovei 
some illustrations of thisprosperi 
ty, of another sort. Bishop At 
kinson was never a man of larg< 
wealth. He had never more thai 



i moderate salary; but, through 
ie blessing of God upon a do- 
mestic life void of ostentation or 
'ctravagance, and a household 
ost prudently administered by 
ie on whom he had need chiefly 
■I devolve that care, he had al- 
ways enough for reasonable wants ; 
Plough for his favorite books ; 
'lough to help a poor man ; 
lough to aid a child or a friend 
; an emergency. Nay, during 
ie years of civil war, when the 
'iual income from the diocese 
iled him, it was as if the ravens 
•ought him food. An old invest- 
ment, for longyears utterly vvorth- 
'ss, became remunerative for the 
ime, and supplied all his needs. 
! In another point of view, the 
bmestic life of our departed 
iiend is remarkable. 
: To Robert and Mary Tabb At- 
!:nson, of Mansfield, Va., were 
lorn eleven children, of whom 
ihomas was the sixth in order. 
! 'he first death in this large fami- 
i' was that of the eldest son at 
ie age of fifty. Another son died 
! : the age of sixty; thus, of the 
ishop's ten brothers and sisters, 
ght survive him, and three of 
lese survivors are his seniors, 
.gain, the Bishop's married life 
<tended over a period of fifty- 
'uree years. In all this time there 
as never a death in his immedi- 
:e family. 

Surely, those of you who are 
'ttniliar with the sorrow of the 

" dead lamb" in the flock, and the 
"vacant chair" by the fireside, 
will recognize the tenderness of 
providential ordering, which thus 
exempted from bereavement one 
who had a singular appreciation 
of the family tie, and who espe- 
cially enjoyed the affection and 
the companionship of his kindred. 

I might multiply these illustra- 
tions; I might speak of the ab- 
sence of all acrimony or defama- 
tion in the exciting controversies 
in which he was conspicuous; of 
the health usually adequate to 
his duties, and when it had seem- 
ed to fail, wonderfully restored by 
travel ; of the comparatively easy 
descent into the grave at "last — - 
made the easier from the knowl- 
edge that the diocese was safe, 
during his disability, in the charge 
of an experienced colleague fully 
adequate to its administration. 

In discharging the duty which 
your Bishop, and other honored 
members of this diocese, have laid 
upon me, I cannot easily avoid the 
strain of personal reminiscence. 

Our ancestors were friends and 
neighbors, and were connected by 
marriage. My mother was reared 
in the family, and married at the 
home of his grandfather, and the 
family bond was drawn more close- 
ly in later years. 

My first visit to him was at his 
home at Lynchburg, in the year 
1843. Very pleasant is it to recall 
the intimacy of the three friends,. 



Cobbs and Parks and Atkinson ; 
and their discussions, in the pres- 
ence of a young candidate for or- 
ders, of a problem that at that 
time so agitated the diocese of 
Virginia — the ultimate tendency 
of the Oxford Tract movement. 
. In the year 1850 I found myself 
with Dr. Atkinson in the House 
of Deputies, where he was con- 
spicuous as a leader, and we have 
ever since been associated in one 
or the other house of the General 
Convention. When he was con- 
secrated, I was his attending Pres- 
byter ; presently he preached the 
sermon at my own consecration, 
and afterwards I discharged the 
same duty in this pulpit, at the 
consecration of his assistant and 

In time of peace, and time of 
war, we have been associated in 
council and committee, acting to- 
gether in critical circumstances, 
and uniformly agreeing as to the 
great principles of ecclesiastical 

In this connection it may be 
noted that Bishop Atkinson laid 
much stress upon the ties of kin- 
ship. No man was more free from 
the weakness of courting the great 
and the wealthy, or from the affec- 
tation of pretending to be the 
superior of his neighbors in birth 
or social position. But he held 
that family connection with worthy 
people of the past and the present 
is a privilege to be duly recognized. 

A year before his death, at ti 
little cathedral chapel at Eastq 
he expounded the salutations 
the last chapter of Romans. P 
read the verses, " Salute Androi 
cus and Junia, my kinsmen, 
"salute Herodion, my kinsman; 
" Lucius and Jason and SosipaU 
my kinsmen, salute you." 

" See," he said, " how mm 
stress the Apostle lays upon tl 
family tie ! And so everywher 
In the Gospels the relationship 
apostles to each other is told u 
In the Acts of the Apostles, Jarm 
is our Lord's brother, John Mai 
is sister's son to Barnabas. I cs 
but think it is a Christian duty 1 
recognize and to value these born 
of kinship. When people boa 
that they do not care for their r 
lations and connections more tha 
for other people, it only provj 
that they have cold hearts an 
care little for any one but theij 

And surely he was right in th 
position. It does widen our hear, 
and broaden our sympathies thi 
to love ourkindred. Itis,beyon 
all doubt, a restraint upon til 
young to know that they bear 
name which has never been di 
honored, and that any misdeed I 
theirs will carry personal mortjij 
cation into an extensive circle c 
relatives and connections. 

As a churchman, Bishop Atkil 
son occupied no uncertain po$ 
tion. He held that the constiti 



n of the Church is divine, im- 
sed upon her by her Lord, and 
i to be changed in the discretion 
men. He maintained^ that its 
r vernment was vested in the 
;hops, and that the authority to 
e the Church of God has been 
Ty transmitted from age to age in 
I line of an apostolic succession. 
He affirmed that the Church, in 
i\ long centuries of her triumphs 
id her martyrdoms, was one body, 
(own everywhere as the one holy, 
tholic, and apostolic Church, 
;th no lines of difference or de- 
barkation save those of nationali- 
;. In the denominational arrange- 
snt which recognizes no other 
>nd than a common acceptance 
' evangelical truth, he could not 
cognize the original, organic 
'lity of the one Bride, the unde- 
'ed. He held and maintained 
ry pertinaciously that the na- 
Dnal Church of England, as a 
storic Church, as a corporation 
hich has never forfeited the char- 
J r of the Lord, bears the symbols 
■ authority, and is entitled to the 
|iiritual allegiance of the nation 
here she resides. He claimed 
M the daughter Church of Amer- 
a like authority over the nation- 
ity which sprang from the loins 

Holding these views, he could 
3t and he did not unite in official 
Ministrations with the clergy, how- 
/er loved and respected, of other 
:ligious bodies. 

As a matter of fact, Bishop At- 
kinson, with all his uncompromis- 
ing adherence to his ideal of the 
Catholic Church, the Church as it 
was in faith, in doctrine, in eccle- 
siastical order, before the division 
of the East and the West, did 
cultivate the largest Christian sym- 
pathies. In every one who loved 
his Lord and exhibited the image 
of his holy character, he recog- 
nized a brother. So far from dis- 
paraging religious excellence, he 
recognized it, and rejoiced in it 
wherever it was found. In those 
systems and organizations with 
which he could not personally co- 
operate, he was the last to deny 
the merit of their administrative 
methods, the activity of their zeal, 
or the beneficial results of their 
ministrations. Himself unwaver- 
ing in his covictions, he did not 
pronounce those who differed from 
him wrong-headed or bad-hearted. 
The proof of all this is found in 
his affectionate relations with 
many not of our communion, in 
the absence of all bitterness in his 
teachings, in the respect and kind- 
ness entertained for him by per- 
sons of all denominations in his 
diocese. And was he illogical in 
this? Did the instincts of the 
heart prevail over the mistaken 
convictions of a partisan judg- 
ment ? Remembering how remark- 
able he was for his love of the 
truth, for subordinating every- 
thing to the truth, for following 



out the truth to all its conse- 
quences, we might well hesitate 
to believe that he indulged sym 
pathies which could not be recon- 
ciled with his intellectual convic- 
tions. Long years ago he called 
my attention to a sermon of Wil- 
liam Archer Butler's on the com- 
patibility of catholic principles 
with Christian charity. He en- 
dorsed it, as fully expressing his 
own mind, and dwelt upon the 
pleasure and satisfaction which he 
experienced in finding his own 
convictions directly formulated 
and forcibly argued. 

One of Bishop Atkinson's firm- 
est convictions, founded, as he 
thought, on the general consent 
of the primitive Church, was t'hat 
every baptism, by whomsoever ad- 
ministered, where the matter and 
the form are used, is a valid bap- 
tism, and that the person so bap- 
tized becomes thereby a member 
of the catholic body of Christ. 

He told me that in St. Peter's 
church, Baltimore, when a child 
was presented for baptism, there 
was a hesitancy in replying to the 
preliminaryquestions. On inquiry, 
it appeared that at its birth the 
child's life seemed to be in danger, 
and that the physician, of his own 
motion, hastily applied the water 
and pronounced the formula. 
Bishop Atkinson affirmed this 
baptism sufficient, and refused to 
repeat it. 

Catholic principles may consist 

with Christian charity. I know d 
no life which more than our dt 
parted father's was a proof ant 
illustration of this proposition. 

His parents were Church of Eng 
land people; they lived and diet 
in our communion. 

But in their day the Church wa 
at its lowest point of coldness ant 
indifference. There were soitk 
able and earnest men of the Pres 
byterian Church, especially Dr 
John H. Rice and Dr. Benjamit 
Rice, who labored with much sue 
cess in Southern Virginia in awak 
cning men to religious earnest 
ness: . The Atkinsons, while the) 
adhered to the Parish Church, anc 
there frequented the Holy Com 
munion three times a year, cams 
under the influence of these mm 
isters, and were largely guided b> 
them in their spiritual life. Bishop 
Atkinson was baptized in the 
Episcopal Church; some of the 
children later born received bap' 
tism at the hands of Presbyterian 
ministers — and -thus the family 
became divided. The Bishop and 
two of his brothers remained ir 
the Church of his fathers, while 
three of his brothers, of whom twe 
survive, took Presbyterian orders 
and have been beloved and effi 
cient ministers in that communion 
The sisters are divided, in like man 
ner, in their ecclesiastical relations 

I have heretofore intimated that 
love of kindred was a passion witl: 
Bishop Atkinson. It could not 



t be a pain and grief to all the 
^mbers of the family, that in 
■ything which affected their re- 
ious life, there should be differ- 
ce of opinion. But no shadow 
%r came, by reason of such dif- 
•ence, over the peace and happi- 
<ss of their homes. I doubt 
'-lether in all the land could be 
'jnd a large family of brothers 
: d sisters so devoted to each 
'her, so delighted in each other's 
mpany, so sympathizing in each 
iher'sjoys and sorrows, so ready 
seek fraternal advice, so free to 
-ter all their minds on all sub- 
cts at each other's fireside, kindly 
[ d courteously, but without re- 

II pass on to consider our depart- 
i father as a Bishop in the Church 
; God, and of the influence he 
:erted as priest and bishop, in 
indicating the just prerogatives 
; the episcopal office. 
The American Church, after 
nerging from her colonial depen- 
::nce, entered upon her career 
ider many disadvantages. 
;For all practical uses, there had 
:en in the colonies no ecclesiasti- 
.1 discipline or subordination. 
;he canonical oversight of the 
'ishop of London was almost a 
■on. The Church was nonde- 
'ript and acephalous. An Episco- 
■ Church without a Bishop is the 
; ;ry worst form of congregational- 
m. No wonder that the clergy, 
therto free from any rule or over- 

sight, should regard with jealousy 
and alarm the elevation of one of 
their number to a superior posi- 

The question of the ordinal, 
" Will you reverently obey your 
Bishop ?" was distasteful to repub- 
lican ears ; it was easy to invent 
casuistry, still much in favor, 
whereby the solemn pledge should 
be emptied of all its significance- 
Some would make it to mean, not 
that the first impulse shall be to 
follow with a glad mind and will 
the Bishop's godly admonitions, 
and to submit one's self to his 
godly judgment, as a dutiful child 
respects the advice and judgment 
of his father; but this instead: I 
will reluctantly obey the Bishop 
when disobedience threatens to 
entail ecclesiastical censure or de- 
privation. Thus there grew up 
the theory that the Bishop has no 
rights of fatherhood inherent in 
his high commission, but is. the 
mere creature of the canon. He 
is prium inter pares, appointed to 
discharge certain ministerial func- 
tions. He has indeed the care of 
all the churches, but with the ex- 
ception of some definite official 
acts, must be the curate, not the 
chief pastor, in any particular 
church where he officiates. In the 
fear of episcopal despotism, the 
office was in danger of being rob- 
bed of all its efficiency. 

The contest over the just rights 
and dignity of the episcopate had 



to be fought, and in the provi- 
dence of God, William Rollinson 
Whittingham was called to be the 
champion for this principle — I may 
say the martyr for it. 

He had thrown himself into the 
office with wondrous zeal and en- 
ergy. For a time the growth and 
new inspiration of the diocese at- 
tested the might which is inherent 
in a vigorous government sus- 
tained by spiritual earnestness. 
And then there grew up a resist- 
tance to the exercise of what he 
deemed the absolutely essential 
privileges of his office, so persist- 
ent and obstructive that it robbed 
his work of its sweetness, and en- 
tailed upon him a life-long sorrow. 

This controversy was the burn- 
ing question at the General Con- 
vention of 1850, and at that Con- 
vention and in the preceding Dio- 
cesan Convention of Maryland, it 
fell to the lot of Dr. Atkinson, 
then Rector of St. Peter's, to vin- 
dicate the true ideal of the office 
of a Bishop. 

If these two fathers had no other 
claim upon the Church's gratitude, 
they would deserve to be ever held 
in honor for averting so great a 
calamity as that of the degrada- 
tion of the episcopate. 

In this Maryland controversy of 
1S50, it was maintained* that the 
Bishop had no right to administer 

*Vide the correspondence in Appendix to 
the Maryland Journal of the Convention of 
that year. 

the Holy Communion at his visij 
tation ; and, indeed, that "a propei 
respect for the just influence of 
his office as a presbyter of this 
Church" actually forbade the rec- 
tor to " vacate the trust of such 
administration." It was held that 
while the law forbade the celebra- 
tion by the Bishop, it was silent 
in respect to the pulpit and desk; 
these the Bishop might occupy at 
his visitation, but only by the 
courtesy of the incumbent. 

Maryland will not soon forget 
the magnificent debate which en- 
sued, both sides being represented' 
by men of extraordinary ability. 
Dr. Atkinson was the author of 
the report, and moved the resolu- 
tions sustaining the Bishop, which 
were adopted by an overwhelming 

Having thus considered Bishop 
Atkinson's share in resisting any 
attempt to detract from the cath- 
olic features of the Church, we 
may well proceed to notice his 
position in connection with a drift 
of thought in an opposite direc- 

The Oxford Tract movement 
has in the last half century exert- 
ed in the Church a wonderful in- 
fluence for good, not unmixed, 
however, with grave evils. 

From the very first, our Bishop 
recognized the value of this move- 
ment, and sympathized in the pur- 
poses avowed. So far as it taught 
men to reverence the Primitive 



.Dhurch, and to accept the "quod 

cmpcr, ubique et ab omnibus" as 

.he authoritative corrective of a 

/agrant private judgment, he 

deemed it a much-needed revival. 

jo far as it affirmed the grace of 

Ao\y Baptism; so far as it affirmed 

,;he precious mystery of the Eu- 

.harist, that Almighty God, our 

,-Ieavenly Father, hath given His 

ion, our Saviour Jesus Christ, not 

•nly to die for us, but also to be 

).ur spiritual food and sustenance 

jh that Holy Sacrament ; so far as 

hese leaders incited men to lead 

,. life of devotion, habitually pray- 

ng in the house of God, and fre 


.[uenting His Holy Supper; so far 

.s they persuaded them to resort 
vithout diffidence to their Pastors 
tor advice and guidance in their 
rials; — just so far and no further 
lid Bishop Atkinson favor the 
lew teaching. 

i He had no sympathy with the 
ormulas, old or new, whereby men 
ought to explain the inexplicable, 
tnd to define the mode of the Real 
Presence. He had little patience 
vith that extravagance of private 
udgment, which had led individ- 
uals and parties to pronounce doc- 
rines and ceremonies to be cath- 
olic, whereof the Church, whose 
:ommission they bore, had given 
hem no authority to speak. Aur- 
cular confession he regarded as 
he crucial question. In his charge 
o the diocese, and in his reply 
o Archbishop Gibbons (a reply 

marked by chivalrous courtesy to 
his critic, no less than by force of 
argument), he declared himself in- 
vincibly hostile to any theory of 
confession and absolution which 
would offer, as necessary food,, 
remedies only profitable for the 
most serious maladies of the spirit. 

In his sermon commemorative 
of the late Bishop of Maryland,. 
Bishop Atkinson used these words: 
" It is not pretended that he liked 
ritualistic ceremonial ; his mind 
was, as some suppose, not sufficiently 
aesthetic, or, as I should say, too 
masculine for that." 

I ventured to tell him, at the 
time, that I differed from, both as 
to the fact and the explanation. 
Certainly Bishop Whittingham 
was no ritualist, in the party sense,, 
but he had aesthetic taste, and he 
was musician enough to read with 
pleasure the score of the "Mes- 

Bishop Atkinson was neither 
musical nor aesthetic. In his lofty 
intellectuality he deemed the truth 
in her own simple attire, without 
any extraneous adornment, beau- 
tiful enough to win the homage 
of all minds and hearts, provided 
only that she were reverently ap- 

But I cannot think that the mas- 
culine mind necessarily revolts 
from the aeathetic in religion. 
Surely the sweet singer of Israel 
was no effeminate, and yet we 
cannot repeat his psalms without 



feeling that he delighted in the 
magnificent possession, the swell- 
ing chorus of many instruments 
and voices, the vesture of wrought 
gold, in which loving handmaids 
delight to array the King's daugh- 

I freely grant that we have need 
to guard against ceremonies mis- 
leading or meaningless; against 
the unauthorized, the extravagant, 
the puerile. But if this Church of 
ours is to do her utmost work in 
the land, she must be inventive of 
expedients to win attention and 
to elicit the affections. Her ap- 
ples of gold must be set in pictures 
of silver. Glory and beauty must 
characterize the adornments of the 
sanctuary and the sacred services 

- I have been admonished that 
any memorial of Bishop Atkinson 
would be imperfect which should 
fail to make mention of the com- 
ing together, which he chiefly pro- 
moted, of the dioceses, temporarily 
separated by the civil war. 

I may not here rehearse the 
story in order — the time forbids — 
but some of its incidents may well 
be revived. 

The war ended, the South lay 
prostrate and disorganized, and 
communication, even by letter, 
was dilatory and uncertain. But 
it happened that the Bishops of 
North Carolina and Arkansas had 
an opportunity of personal con- 
ference. It needed but a moment 

or two to discover that we were 
alike convinced, that after the fall 
of the Confederate nationality, I 
there no longer existed any r a isou 
d'etre for a Confederate Church, 
and that no time should be lost in 
seeking a resumption of our or- 
ganic relations. Thus Bishop At- 
kinson set forth to the General 
Convention, while I was glad to 
follow him, haud passibus (zqnis. 

We were presently in very deli- 
cate and embarrassing circum- 
stances. We knew well that we 
exposed ourselves to the suspicion 
of courting the winning side, and 
of leaving in the lurch brethren in 
misfortune, especially in Alabama, 
where the churches were closed by 
military edict. 

We came into a community ex- 
ultant with victory and enthusias- 
tic in loyalty, disposed to take for 
granted that to return was to ask 
forgiveness. To the tact, the gen- 
tleness, the manly outspokenness 
of Bishop Atkinson the Church is 
indebted for the honorable result 
of this venture. To Bishops Pot- ' 
ter and Whittingham, who with 
friendly violence brought us back 
to our seats in the House of Bish- 
ops, standing guard over us to 
shield us from possible annoy- 
ance ; to Dr. Kerfoot, now the 
Bishop of Pittsburgh and then a 
deputy from Pennsylvania, who 
resisted any action discourteous 
to the few delegates from the 
South ; to John and William 



Velsh, who laded us with hos- 
litable kindness, we came under 
asting obligations. 

It soon appeared that the Con- 
ention cheerfully acquiesced in 
11 that we desired in behalf of 
>ur absent brethren. 

But what of the expected pec- 
avi ? This issue could not be 
,.voided. Presently Bishop Bur- 
jess, of Maine, then in very failing 
lealth, offered a resolution ap- 
)ointing an early day to be ob- 
,erved as a Thanksgiving for the 
esults of the war. Among these 
jesults, as specified in the pream- 
>le, were " the universal establish- 
nent of the authority of the nation- 
al Government" and also " the 
extension among all classes and 
onditions of men of the blessings 
; f freedom, education, culture and 
.octal improvement." 

At the hours appointed for this 
liscussion the Southern Bishops 
.vere not present. During a recess 
( 3ishop Burgess came to my desk 
md complained, affectionately yet 
earnestly, of the marked reflection 
apon the Bishops, despite the evi- 
dence given of their fraternal con- 
sideration, in thus declining to 
ittend the debate. 

I replied, that but a few mo- 
ments before, Bishop Atkinson 
lad said to me, that the brotherly 
cindness of the Bishops had been 
;uch as we could delight to remem- 
ber to our dying day. Some of 
:hem (Bishop Burgess knew that 

the allusion was to himself) we 
shall never see again. They are 
now discussing a resolution in 
which we cannot agree, and will 
utter sentiments which cannot but 
pain us. It is best that we should 
not hear all the words spoken. 

Bishop Burgess was moved by 
these kind words. Presently he 
asked, " What is therein this reso- 
lution that can possibly grieve 
you ?" I pointed to the words 
" extension of freedom." I trust 
in God, I said, that freedom may 
bring to the colored race all the 
blessings you anticipate ; but wiser 
men than I, and Northern men at 
that, honestly doubt whether free- 
dom will prove to them a blessing 
or a curse. Why should this House 
commit itself in a matter wherein 
it ha; no authority ? 

He considered a moment, drop- 
ped down into a seat, and, taking 
a pen, erased from his resolution 
the words objected to. Subse- 
quently he asked leave to amend 
it by inserting the clause, '' and 
gratefully acknozvledgi-ig the special 
loving kindness of the Lord to his 
Church in the re-establishment of 
its unity throughout the land, as 
represented in this National Coun- 

Upon the sixth day, Bishop 
Whittingham offered a substitute, 
and, on the motion of Bishop 
Clarke, the whole matter was re- 
ferred to a committee consisting 
of the five senior Bishops. Afte r 



two days, this committee reported 
a preamble and resolutions. In 
these we could not possibly con- 

All eyes were upon Bishop At- 
kinson as he answered the appeal 
made to him. He knew that he 
had that to say which must needs 
be distasteful to men full of exul- 
tation at the Southern downfall. 
With no diffidence and with no 
temper, rather with the frankness 
of a child uttering his thought, he 
opened all his mind. 

" We are asked," said he, " to 
unite with you in returning thanks 
for the restoration of peace and 
unity. The former we can say, 
the latter we cannot say. 

" We are thankful for the res- 
toration of peace. War is a great 
evil. It is clear to my mind that 
in the counsels of the All-wise, 
the issue of this contest was pre- 
determined. I am thankful that 
the appointed end has come, and 
war is exchanged for peace. But 
we are not thankful for the unity 
described in the resolution, " re- 
establishing the authority of the 
National Government over all the 
land! We acquiesce in that re- 
sult. We will accommodate our- 
selves to it, and will do our duty 
as citizens of the common Gov- 
ernment. But we cannot say that' 
we are thankful. We labored and 
prayed for a very different termi- 
nation, and, if it had seemed good 
to our Heavenly Father, would 

have been very thankful for the 
war to result otherwise than it has j 
resulted. I am willing to say that 
I am thankful for the restoration 

These words, which I feel very 
sure are substantially accurate, 
well illustrate how he labored for 
peace, and yet without any un- 
manly concession whatsoever. 

His language, " in consideration 
of the return of peace to the coun- 
try and unity to the Church" was 
incorporated in a substitute offered 
by Bishop Stevens, and adopted 
by a vote of sixteen to seven, the 
Southern Bishops being excused 
from voting. Those of us who 
were actors in these proceedings 
were ever after at a loss suitably 
to express our admiration of the 
consideration for the scruples of 
the few unfortunates, displayed 
by a majority of the Bishops. 

It deserves to be noted that so 
soon as we had resumed our seats 
in the House of Bishops, General 
Lee wrote to us a letter of earnest 
approval and sympathy. 

I would not claim for Bishop 
Atkinson more than is his due. 
Doubtless the good sense and 
good feeling of the Church would 
have secured the same result after 
a few years. But by his prompti- 
tude, by the frankness with which 
he met the immediate issues, by 
calm determination to allow no 
censure to be cast upon those with 


.vhom he had been associated, he j people of foreign speech, or of 

secured a speedy adjustment of all another race ? 

possible differences, and promoted As the most practical scheme for 

no little the spirit of toleration methodizing such work, without 

and kindness. A few years have surrendering the territorial juris- 

sscaped. The House of Bishops diction of Bishops, Bishop Atkin- 

has in its ranks five or six ex-Con- son ur S ed a g ain and again, with 

federate officers. One of them is unwonted earnestness and without 

t- • i\/r- • -o- 1 any success whatever, the conse- 

a roreign Missionary Bishop; an- J . • ' 

, . , . ,. , cration of suffragan Bishops. The 

other presides over the diocese of . ^ f 

__. , . mind of the Church is so lmmova- 

Michigan. , , , . , . , .... 

b'e on tnis subject, that this device 

Among the subjects which soon j js not tQ be thought of . Each 

after these events came to be r>- u ™ *. a- * «-i 

Bishop must, according to the 

pressed upon the attention of the • , • . , • , , 

r ^ ^ wisdom given to him, devise such 

Church, was the necessity of ade- j- . u «.• • 1 

' J expedients as may best reach speci- 

quate provision for the social and c '■> ■, 

■ r hed needs. 

religious needs of the emancipated -q . c <.t ui 1 1 

r But, as tor the black race, who 

knows not that, on any large scale, 


The Bishop had no need to learn it is simp i y beyond the reach of 

the lesson of responsibility and of our nnancia i ability to provide in 

sympathy for colored people. He the most of OU r neighborhoods 

had always been considerate of separate mini . sters and churches 

them, always anxious to secure for for the whjte man an(j the black ? 

them, while in servitude, adequate Why should we not worsh i p to- 

protection against abuse of au- ge ther and kneel at the same altar? 

thority, and to promote the pa- W e were wont often so to do in 

triarchal relation of master and the olden days. I have seen in 

servant, which, when duly ob- St. Philip's, Clirleston, colored 

served, made the tie of ownership people occupying the range of 

and dependence very graceful. sea ts all along the wall, on the 

One cannot but contemplate same floor with the whites, while 

with awe the problem to be solved a-n old negress, crippled with rheu- 

in Southern dioceses, and the larger matism, crept up the main aisle to 

problem in all the land, touching a seat provided for her in front of 

the practical catholicity of the the desk. On the Polk estate, in 

Church. How shall a church, Tennessee, one used to see the 

whose members are chiefly Eng- masters occupying the front seats 
lish-speaking and are of the white ' at morning prayer, with the ser- 

race, provide for the needs of the vants in the rear; while at the 

1 8 


evening prayer, the positions were 
reversed, and the instruction was 
specially adapted to the humbler 
members of the flock. 

In making a visitation of Louis- 
iana in Bishop Polk's behalf, I 
have confirmed the well-born, re- 
fined young lady and her maid, 
whom she had instructed, by her 
side. The chivalrous, high-toned, 
Christian gentry of the South 
used to see in such associations 
no surrender of their dignity. 

If the church is to discharge 
aright her high mission to all sorts 
and conditions of men, I am per- 
suaded we must at last regard the 
colored people as parishioners, 
and give them adequate accommo- 
dation in the church. 

In this effort we must consider 
the reluctance of some of our 
parishioners, and their fear of dis- 
turbing the usual order of society. 
These scruples and anxieties are 
to be prudently dealt with, not 
violently forced. 

But there is a graver difficulty 
to be encountered in the unseem- 
ly self-assertion of some colored 
people, and in the persistent de- 
mand of theorists (themselves 
never coming in contact with the 
negro), that all the lines of color 
shall be obliterated, and that the 
two races shall commingle, in all 
respects, as if they were one race. 

I was present once at church, 
when this demand was made of 
our Bishop — than whom the col- 

ored man had no truer friend. 
Some murmured at the provision 
he had directed to be made for 
them, claiming the right to select 
their seats at pleasure, side by 
side with the whites. The Bishop 
rebuked the demand as presumpt- 
uous and disorderly. 

I cannot think that this en- 
forced familiarity is reconcilable 
with the just self-respect of either 
race. It seems most natural that 
white people, attending a church 
of the colored race, should accept 
the accommodation provided for 
them. And surely the Christian, 
taught of his Master to prefer the 
lowest room, should not thrust 
himself into a contiguity deemed 
too familiar by his neighbor. 

Providence, not man, has plain- 
ly marked the difference of type 
in the African and the Caucasian. 
To obliterate the color line is, in 
the end, to promote intermarriage, 
to the great injury of white and 
black alike. I believe that the 
confusion of the races is a thing 
impossible. But oh ! that the 
day may come when we shall 
dwell side by side, exchanging all 
human kindnesses, while yet re- 
specting the lines of demarcation, 
which God, not man, has drawn. 
Oh for the day when white and 
black shall worship in the same 
churches without confusion, with- 
out rivalry or offence, the rich 
and the poor together, and the 
Lord the Maker of them all. 



I In thus presenting some partic- 
ulars of the life-work of our re- 
jered Father in God, I trust that 
f.e is more truly delineated than 
jiy any mere enumeration of his 
3iental and moral characteristics. 

There was a remarkable com- 
eusation, so to speak, in these ; 
i>ne virtue supplementing and re- 
straining another, and all com- 
bined with rare adjustment into a 
j.armonious whole. 
[j But was he, one may ask, abso- 
lutely perfect ? Certainly, he him- 
self would have been the last to 
ffect exemption from the com- 
mon frailty. 

I Whatever may have been his 
jhare of mortal weakness, even if 

had the sagacity to discern it, I 
iare not dissect, in search of flaw, 
: . soul so just and guileless. Of 
»ne thing I am well assured, that 
.jhose who loved him best and 
bew him in his utmost unreserve, 
;ind no note in the tablets of 
nemory whereon this honored 
lame is written, which may not 
,)e perused without exciting a 
serious regret or causing a blush 
bt shame. 

The Bishop's life was one of 
patient industry and uniform 
abor, with but occasional inter- 
uption, until he had passed a lit- 
: le way beyond the Psalmist's 
>ound of three-score years and 
en, and then it appeared (I am 
;old such is the most probable ex- 
planation of his gradual decay) 

the heart, as young as ever in its 
warm affections, first felt the de- 
bility of age. The keepers of the 
house were no more tremulous 
than before, neither had the strong 
men bowed themselves, nor those 
that looked out of the windows 
become darkened, nor the doors 
become shut in the streets caus- 
ing the sound of the grinding to 
become low. He seemed as strong, 
as clear in vision, as distinct in 
speech as in years before. But 
the golden bowl was breaking, the 
wheel becoming disabled at the 
cistern whence issues the stream 
of our physical being. It remained 
only to be patient and to whisper 
in the heart the " Expectans ex- 
pectavi\" for presently this man 
goeth to his long home, hard by 
the altar where he delighted to 
minister, and the crowd of mourn- 
ers, family and friends, vestries 
and citizens, white and black, 
bear him in sad procession through 
the streets of the city where he 

The latter months of his life 
were spent in seclusion ; months 
they were in which with weariness 
and languor, but without acute 
suffering, he steadily descended 
to the grave, released from life so 
gently that at the last hour there 
were no pains to add anguish to 
his dismissal. 

Without too officiously open- 
ing the curtains of his sick-room, 
I would tell you, as I have learned 



them from those who ministered 
to him, some particulars of his 
last sickness. 

"You knew him well, and are 
fully aware how deeply his modes- 
ty and profound humility veiled 
his inward feelings, and especially 
his religious emotions. He was 
remarkable for sincerity and sim- 
plicity of character, and was al- 
ways averse to a display of his 
feelings. Accordingly his long 
sickness was chiefly marked by 
the utmost patience and humility 
and gentleness. So too his thank- 
fulness and Christian courtesy 
were very manifest to the last. 
No murmur of complaint ever 
escaped his lips, and the slightest 
service called forth his courteous 
thanks. As it was in his days of 
health, so in all his sickness, and 
in his greatest sufferings and help- 
lessness, he would if possible help 
himself, and would try to lessen 
the care and pains of the loving 
ones, who found their highest de- 
light in ministering to him. 

" His noble and richly stored 
mind retained its brightness, and 
his broad and generous sympa- 
thies with all the best interests of j 
man were manifested to the last. 
He was read to a great deal, and i 
after his daughter came to Wil- 
mington, she spent much of the 
time reading to him. Among 
other things, he would have her 
read to him his favorite London 
Guardian, and choice articles from 

the Reviews, keeping up his in ten 
est in the great public movemenft 
and events of the time. 

" His child-like submission tc 
the guidance of the church was 
note-worthy. He had the ap 
pointed lessons and the daily por 
tions of the Psalter read to hirrl 
every day, and on Sundays the 
entire services; and it was ordered 
that very shortly before his de- 
parture, the two evening psalms 
for the fourth day, so singularly, 
appropriate, were read to him 
the twenty-second psalm contain, 
ing the plaintive supplications ol 
our Blessed Lord upon the cross, 
and His thankful exultation; and 
then that beautiful inspired viati- 
cum of the saints, ' The Lord \% 
my Shepherd,' and the words o| 
this psalm were the last words o( 
Holy Scripture which fell upon 
his ear, and very soon afterwards 
came the sudden summons of the 
Saviour calling him to Himself. 

"Those who were constantly 
with him during the last weeks, 
now see and feel that they were 
all the time sustained and strength- 
ened by his perfect patience and 
gentle cheerfulness, and by the 
atmosphere of peace which his 
lovely spirit seemed to diffuse 
around him." 

I may best conclude this ser- 
mon by uttering concerning him 
whose episcopate is ended, the 
words wherewith he sought to en- 
courage, long years ago, a young 



lan just assuming the responsi- 
ilities of that office. 

" Men bow themselves to be 
jnsecrated as Bishops, feeling 
lat they are about to take up a 
eavy burden, and yet, after all, 

is to him who enters on it with 
is whole soul, a good work, ardu- 
us but glorious. Must we not 
elieve that God gives special 
race to faithful men who hearti- 
/ devote themselves to this work? 
.re we not permitted to hope 
lat we see the effects of this 
race in their increasing ripeness 
id soundness of Christian char- 
;r ? That the rash and vehement 

are softened, and the gentle and 
yielding are strengthened? And 
surely, surely we must be persuad- 
ed that the reward of a good 
Bishop hereafter will be some- 
thing .signal and transcendant. 

" The angels of the church- 

book of Revelation, as stars 
which the Son of Man car- 
ries in His right hand, and 
the elders are described as 
sitting around the lord on 
His throne, clothed in white 



I. In the beginning, were created the 

avens and the earth. 

2. Then comes the fourth command, 
I Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb 

siding seed," and it was so. 
113. Let the waters bring forth abundantly 

116 moving; creature that hath life, and it was 

Let the earth brine forth the living 

aature after his kind, and it too was so. 

»t us make man after our own image and 

eathe into him the breath of life, and it 

is so. 

Nature, the work of God's own 
inds, the offspring of hisomnipo- 
nce is divided into three dis- 
*nct kingdoms, each of which is 
1 arked and peculiarized by its 
\vn characteristics. 

(1) The mineral kingdom, which 
is inorganic, not endowed with 
nor subjected to any organization ; 

(2) The vegetable kingdom, 
which is organic and endowed 
with life ; 

(3) The animal kingdom, being 
organized bodies, which are en- 
dowed with life and nourished by 
organic food, having the power of 
voluntary motion and sensation, 
consuming oxygen and giving off 
carbonic acid. 

But man was made in the image 
of his maker, therefore the fairest 
representative of the animal king- 



Like the mineral, his body de- 
composes and decays. Like the 
plant, in the simplest signification 
of the terms he lives, he grows 
and he dies. # 

Like the animal he is, for he 
himself is an animal, and all ani- 
mals are endowed with sensation. 
Some of the lowest have only gen- 
eral sensibilities, while others of the 
higher are endowed with special 
kinds of sensation, called special 
senses ; the sense of sight, taste, 
touch, hearing, and smelling. 

By a strict examination and 
close investigation of the branches, 
classes orders, families, genera 
and species, we find man has a 
striking resemblances in some res- 
pects to the rest of the animal 
"kingdom, as before observed, but 
no connection. He- is a fixed 
specie. He is a peculiar being,, 
endowed with intellect, mind, soul 
and spirit. Carlyle speaks of him 
as a tool-using animal, a laughing 

Plato says that he is a biped, 
a two legged animal without a 
tail. But see the tailless rooster 
flung near Plato and hear the cry, 
" Behold Plato's man." 

In personality man is one, in 
substance he is two, and in nature 
he is three. 

Mentallyheis composed of thein- 
tellect, the sensibility and the will. 

By the intellect he knows, by 
the sensibility he feels, and by the 
will he resolves and performs. 

Here lies the power that resistsi 
the rushing waters and rolls back; 
the foaming billows from the; 
hollow sounding deep, here those 5 
wings that traverse quicker than 1 
lightning, the. terrestrial and celes- 
tial realms; the ear that listens! 
and learns of nature's ways and' 
profits thereby; yea here the! 
mighty sceptre that lies heavily! 
upon the face of the deep andj 
holds in thraldom earth's domains, 
and exercises dominion over every, 
living creature. 

The very word " Edtication, ,y \ 
which forms part of the subject of 
our discourse, derived as it is from 
the Latin preposition e meaning: 
out, and the Latin verb ducere\ 
meaning to draw, undoubtedly 
implies in itself a certain fixed 
method of dratving man out, when 
applied to him as an intellectual 
moral, and physical being. 

"For instance, the blacksmith,' 
by a process of hammering and! 
heating, draws or beats a piece of 
iron out of one state to another, 
or from a rude condition to an 
useful article. Now this bit of 
iron could never have undergone 
this act of transition without 
some external force. The heating 
and hammering, though it might 
have been of some use in this rude 
state, yet how much more valu- 
able and to be desired whei 
improved state. The bar 
iron worth only a few dollars, 
when changed into cambric needles 

e vaiu- 

,n in it, 

of pig 



is of an almost priceless value; 
md hence this education consists 
n bringing man from and carrying 
lim to; from zero to something 
definite. Now by zero I mean 
lot absolutely nothing, for the 
:ero of light is darkness arid the 
cero of sound is silence, therefore 
,i:he zero of refinement and intelli- 
gence is ignorance and its long 
.ine of concomitants. 
: Now it is natural and certainly 
r very reasonable to suppose that 
nan should, for it is his duty, 
question this word education and 
( :ause it to satisfy his curiosity, 
for it is without doubt a most 
comprehensive word enfolding in 
tself vast fields of research, and 
ill directed to man and referring 
especially and exclusively to him. 
1 But this question arises, why is 
nil this education necessary? Or 
s it necessary? It must be due to 
nomething, and it in itself is some- 
hing of great importance, you 
admit, productive of good effect 
ennobling in its character, and 
oyal in its bearing, not in any 
vay seductive, not in any way 
>ase or degrading. Man knows 
t, he feels it. Therefore, that 
vhich originally effected this end, 
vhich caused education a necessi- 
ty, and made man defective with- 
out its (education's.) support, must 
lot be looked upon as trivial or 
ontemptible, or unworthy of your 
ttention and thought. 
Man was made pure, situated 

where there was nothing but puri- 
ty, free from mixture, and only 
one command, taste not. But he 
touched, he handled, he tasted. 

" Earth felt the wound, and nature from 

her seat, 
" Sighing through all her works gave signs 

of woe 
" That all was lost." 

Hell howled triumphantly and 
resounded with devilish yells of 
victory. Death aroused from its 
shadowy couch by the infernal 
whoops of Belzebub, tears asunder 
the adamantine coils of eternity, 
leaps into its thunder shod chariot 
and bounds away to strike the 
fatal blow. 

" Earth trembled from her entrails as again 
" In pangs and nature gave a second groan." 

Intellect impaired, reason crip- 
pled, morals depraved and strength 
weakened. Then, not before, man 
was, he is a sinful being, reaping 
the vengeance of a sin avenging 

Therefore the necessity of man's 
education, cultivation and efforts 
for a higher life than the present, 
grows out of his fallen state, 
caused by the violation of divine 

This violation was the sin, this 
sin had an effect, this effect .was 
the curse, and this curse was on 
man, because he was the actor. 

" Ignorance is the curse of God, 
" Knowledge the wing with which we fly to 

It must be borne in mind that 



by man is meant the intellectual, 
the moral and the physical man, 
and these three natures are com- 
bined and form in man a unity, 
and the neglect of the cultivation 
or development on the part of one 
or two, will necessarily result in 
the lessening of the powers of 
that one or of the two. 

If the arm is allowed to remain 
still, inert, and motionless by the 
side, all will admit that this limb 
intended to execute certain func- 
tions and be obedient to the will, 
will in due course of time, become 
useless as an instrument and deaf 
to the commands of the will. 

If the mind is permitted to be 
destitute, left unnurtured and un- 
cared for, it will become inactive, 
void of understanding and in want 
of knowledge and wisdom, it will 
degrade and be drawn down. 

Moffat, in his " Missionary La- 
bors and Scenes in South Africa," 
gives a remarkable account of a 
word of one of the savage tribes 
that has sunk deep into savagery. 
This word " Morimo" once mean- 
ing "Him that is above," carry- 
ing with it the idea of a spiritual 
being, was found to have vanished 
from the language of the present 
generation, and survives now in 
spells and charms of the sorcerers, 
who misuse it to designate some 
fabulous ghost. 

And the missionaries corrobor- 
ate this statement by telling us 
they find difficulty in conveying 

to the minds of the heathen tribe! 
the idea of " heavenly truths," be 
cause of the poverty of the Ian 

Neglect the child's moral chai 
acter, and grief will be the off 
spring of your mistaken affection 

What then is this weakness oj 
the limb ? 

What this degradation of ,th 
intellect ? 

This corruption of morals? 

Is it the curse ? 

It can be allowed more easih 
than hindered. 

Suppliances are at hand to ac, 
as a barrier against this weakness 
this degradation, this corruption 

Ojur colleges open wide thei 
doors and spacy halls to admi 
our young men to their cart 
Able and learned instructor; 
whose noble lives are spent t 
counsel, fill the chairs and heart 
ly welcome the young and old t 
come and join with them in th 
pursuit of knowledge. They us 
the best material. They empk 
the most modern improvement: 
the best discipline to drill th 
mind and the best means to it 
struct the man. 

Nature, too, lends her support t 
all who use her. She will develo 
the muscle if we join her, she wi 
give physical strength if we u^ 
her. For break the constitutio 
and sad the fate. 

The church is ever ready t 
clasp in its mighty but tendc 



arms the frailties and weaknesses 
of man's nature and help mould 
his moral character, and purify his 
sinful disposition. 

He who despiseth wisdom, shall 
be as he who is dead. 

No close observer, yea no one, 
can look upon the vast and exten- 
sive field of thought with any de- 
gree of earnestness or strict atten- 
tion withoutespecially noticingthe 
din and confusion of the present 
age, and hearing the cry of con- 
flict on all sides. Hypothesis is 
pitted against hypothesis, theory 
against theory, philosophy against 
science and science against phil- 
osophy. The combatants are 
equally honest and earnest on 
both sides. Their weapons are of 
the finest steel and they wield 
them with exactness and precision, 
yielding fatal blows wheresoever 
they strike. 

This chieftain, who to-day 
sweeps all before him, has gained 
the laurels of victory, now stands 
monarch of the arena and carries 
with him a train of unnumbered 
followers, to-morrow lies biting 
the dust. 

Amid such tumult and clashing, 
is it at all surprising to hear men 
ask "what is the truth? Where 
can it be found." Harmony no- 
where. Conflict on all sides." 

Men of power, men of thought, 
of sense, of refinement, men of 
education are arrayed against 
each other, and right furiously do 

they ply their blows. If all are 
true, how can truth be opposed to 
truth? There can be no more con- 
flict between truths, than between 
the rays of light proceeding from 
the sun. 

Education reveals the fact that 
the truths of science, philosophy 
and religion, springing and issuing 
from the same fountain though 
separated for awhile, blend their 
waters together in perfect har- 

Does Education produce such 
diversity of opinion ? 

Does it generate hateful be- 

Does it beget Infidelity ? It is a 
blessing not a curse to humanity. 

The telescope is used by the 
astronomer to view distant ob- 
jects. The microscope discloses 
in a drop of water in the palm of 
the hand most beautiful and won- 
derful sights. Turn the micro- 
scope to the heavens or lower the 
telescope to the tiny drop, and on 
either hand, all is confusion. 

Again, the strong man lifts a 
weight that to him is light, the 
weak man pronounces it heavy, at 
his attempt to lift the same. Now, 
why this difference of opinion ? 

The muscle of the strong man 
is well developed, while that of 
the weak man is undeveloped, 
and what seems true to one, is 
untrue to the other. The weak 
man in his present state can never 
agree with the strong that that 



weight is light until the muscle 
has power to perform the task 
with ease. 

Culture and use develop the 
faculties of the mind, neglect and 
disuse shrivel them. 

When great truths present them- 
selves to that side of the mind 
well developed, they will stand 
out clear and distant, while those 
truths that appeal to the unde- 
veloped side of the mind will be 
dim and misty. 

The sweetest strains of angelic 
music may pour forth in volumin- 
ous swell upon the earof the deaf 
man, and yet call forth no re- 
sponse. The beauties of nature 
lie out before the blind man, he 
exhibits no appreciation of her 

When such a man as Voltaire 
denies the existence of a God, 'tis 
his candid opinion and belief. 
When such a man as Tyndall 
sneers at party philosophy and 
religion, he honestly believes what 
he says. He has devoted his 
strong mind so exclusively to the 

study of material things, that i 
has come to pass, that thos 
things, which he cannot submit t 
the tests of the senses, appear t 
him false and unreal, and as a 
honest man, he denounces thei 
as such. 

When Pope Pius the Nint 
issued his encyclical letter agains 
modern science, he honestly bt 
lieved all he wrote. 

The great cause of these diffe 
ences is that thinking men do nc 
realize that different department 
of knowledge require differen 
means to disclose their specif! 
truths. Means, that are all in 
portant for the discovery of on 
truth, are useless in another. 

Can the Idealist, the Spiritual 
ist, and the Materialist ever agree 

Whenever and wherever on 
sided culture prevails, conflict ei 
sues. All sides of man's bein 
must be developed, and then 
must be a harmonious culture c 
all the faculties of man the whoh 


George Eliot wrote this novel 
in the full flush of a joyous suc- 
cess not unmingled with a weighty 
responsibility. " Scenes of Clerical 
Life" and "Adam Bede" had ap- 

peared and had turned the attei 
tion of English readers to one wh 
had developed unexpected pow<| 
in delienating English custonl 
and character. The author di 



ot yet care to venture beyond 
ie familiar scenes of English life, 
ut portrayed these respectable 
nd well-to-do country people with 

faithful vigor and confidence in 
ruth, born, it must be, of personal 
cquaintance. Perhaps there was 
he haunting memory of scenes 
lore familiar to her than any she 
ad yet attempted — scenes and 
xperiences that she longed to 
hape into a monument to her 
•outh — that prompted her to 
/rite of these scenes and these 
haracters. There can be little 
oubt that Maggie Tulliver was, 
1 part, George Eliot's self. We 
lean by this that George Eliot 
:as placed Maggie Tulliver in 
ome of the experiences and given 
isr some of the impulses she her- 
elf had. Furthermore, the family 
>ride of the Dodsons finds a 
)arallel and, perhaps, an origin in 
he boast of the maternal rela- 
ives of George Eliot concerning 
heir ancestry. Just how far the 
(iographical element pervades the 
>ook, it is difficult to say, but we 
uppose that it does not extend 
,t all to the real incidents of the 
tory, and is therefore confined to 
lescription and youthful impres- 

The novelist who assumes the 
ask of presenting to the reader 
vith any minuteness of detail the 
:hildhood and early youth of his 
>rincipal characters, takes upon 
limself a duty which requires a 

delicate use of his art to accom- 
plish with any great degree of sat- 
isfaction. The lives of children 
are usually open to the rather par- 
adoxical objection that they are 
poor in interesting events, yet full 
of them. Poor in interest, because 
every one is so familiar with the 
petty trials and joys, the tempta- 
tions, the resistances, the falls, the 
retributions, and the repentances, 
of childhood, all crowded so fast 
on one another that the smile of 
self-approval often lights up the 
face wet with the tears of self- 
reproach. Rich in interest, because 
of the influence these little inci- 
dents have in forming the charac- 
ter of children, and on account of 
the insight they give us into their 
nature; because of the stages of 
development we are thus permit- 
ted to see from the child to the 
full-grown man or woman. George 
Eliot has met this difficulty with 
happy power and with a conscious- 
ness of what is necessary to the 
interest of such details. Begin- 
ning with the uneventful life of a 
successful and contented family, 
the interest grows deeper and 
deeper with the reverses of for- 
tune and the peculiar relations 
that spring up between the char- 
acters, until we reach the tragedy 
of the close. It is peculiar in the 
mistaken ideas of love held by 
some of them, and the awakening 
to a true sense of what that great 
emotion is. Through the whole 

3 28 


book the passionate longing of 
a tenderly constituted soul after 
love is prominent ; not the light 
foam of a sentimental affection, 
but deep, full draughts of love and 
sympathy from a ceaseless source. 
Above all, this adherence to duty 
and faithfulness to those who loved 
and confided in her, rises supreme. 
Indeed this seems to be the gist 
of the whole book: that duty is 
subordinate to nothing, not even 
the strongest affections of the hu- 
man heart. The mission of such 
a book is to teach that the moral 
obligation to do our duty, irre- 
spective of our own happiness or 
desires, cannot be avoided. Such 
a purpose is unimpeachable in its 
purity and loftiness, and very es- 
pecially so in one like George 
Eliot, who believed that this life 
was not a preparation for the life 
to come, but was the sum total of 
existence. With such an idea of 
life and such a purpose in view, 
the author has made the book rich 
in psychological studies. The de- 
velopment of character and its re- 
lation to the action of the plot, is 
well suited to teach a moral. This 
moral seems to be that rigid up- 
rightness and heartless, calculating 
honesty is not the "whole duty of 
man." We are under obligation 
also to dispense the blessings of 
love and charity, and to cultivate 
a widening and elevating interest 
in the welfare of humanity. 

The plot of the story grows in 

interest as it moves on to the en 
The ordinary scenes of counti 
life are at first introduced to tr 
reader. Our interest and symp 
thies are soon arrested by the sa 
misfortunes that befall the Tul] 
vers. With affectionate solicituc 
we watch the progress of the pa 
sionate Maggie as she goes on t 
meet an awful death. Tom an 
Maggie Tulliver are the childre 
of an independent miller who 
continually going to law, and wh 
has an extreme dislike for Waken 
the lawyer. Tom assumes th 
hatred also, but Maggie does no 
and become very friendly wit 
Philip Wakem, the lawyer's d 
formed son, Tom's school-fellov 
Reverses of fortune come, and M 
Tulliver loses all his property an 
becomes a bankrupt. Lawye 
Wakem gets the mill in his po 
session, and Mr. Tulliver is retair 
ed to work it for him. Maggi' 
and Philip conceive that they ar! 
in love with each other, and hav 
secret meetings. Tom discover 
these, and makes Maggie promis 
not to see Philip again without hi 
consent. Tom and his father pa] 
off their debts and, after more hit 
miliating troubles with Wakem 
Mr. Tulliver dies. Some year 
pass, and Maggie becomes th 
guest of her cousin, Lucy Deane 1 
where she meets Stephen Guest 
Lucy's acknowledged lover. Mag 
gie also renews her acquaintance 
with Philip Wakem, and the\ 



};ain tacitly recognize the obliga- 
)ns of the old vows of love. 
■ aggie gradually and almost un- 
i nsciously falls in love with Ste- 
len Guest, and he returns the 
fections. In an unguarded mo- 
ent he speaks his love, and she 
Imits that she loves him. By 
:iance they take a boat-ride to- 
other and, unknown to Maggie, 
::ephen allows the boat to float 
rdown the river on the tide, and 
:id they are compelled by an ap- 
: oaching storm to take a trading 
:ssel and go to Mudport, far 
:>wn the river. At Mudport comes 
;e last great inward struggle with 
aggie. This is the turning point 
, her life. This is her test of 
;ity. Stephen persuades her to 
irsake Lucy and Philip and mar- 
i him. It is a strong temptation, 
r in giving up Stephen she 
i ushes love in her heart, and goes 
ick home to humiliation and dis- 
!'ace. She accepts the latter and 
lfils her sense of duty. Her 
•other disowns her, but her 
'other still clings to her. The 
)ods of the river come and Mag- 
e, by accident, is floated off in 
boat. She goes to save Tom 
id her mother. Tom is taken in 
le boat, but in trying to cross 
ie current the boat is upset and 
ley are both drowned. 
There is a successful suspension 
the plot, that keeps the reader 
doubt as to the end in a very 
'tful manner. At first we are 

entertained with the little tempta- 
tions of Maggie and her sorrows, 
with now and then an insight into 
Tom's character. Our sympathies 
are aroused in the more serious 
troubles that befall the family, 
and we are led on with increas- 
ing interest to the tragic end. 
It is a sad close, and we are apt to 
be dissatisfied with it, but after 
all, nothing else but death could 
have healed the breaches destiny 
had made. 

As to the characters, we find a 
strange contrast in Tom and Mag- 
gie. They are almost complements 
of each other; Tom, fair-haired, 
quick-complexioned, is cold and 
selfish, with a calculating princi- 
ple of honesty, and the egotistic 
opinion that whatever he does is 
right, because he himself does it. 
With no imagination, he was in- 
capable of appreciating the tastes 
and pleasures of others, and there- 
fore had very little sympathy with 
them. Maggie knew him, and 
thus tells him what he is: "You 
have no pity," she says; "you 
have no sense of your own imper- 
fections and your own sins. It is 
a sin to be hard; it. is not fitting 
for a mortal — for a Christian. 
You are nothing but a Pharisee. 
You thank God for nothing but 
your own virtues — you think they 
are great enough to win you every- 
thing else. You have not even a 
vision of feelings by the side of 



which your shining virtues are 
mere darkness." 

Maggie, on the other hand, is 
quick, impassionate, with a nature 
tuned to the tenderest chords of 
affection ; always loving and long- 
mg to be loved. Full of imagina- 
tion, she would enter at once into 
sympathy with every one, and, 
being possessed of that large-souled 
benevolence that extends to all 
human creatures and touches their 
hearts, she was remarkably fitly 
constituted for experiencing the 
purest pleasures and the keenest 
pains. These alternately filled her 
life, but alas ! there were more 
pains than pleasures ! Tom char- 
acterizes her actions with very 
cold, hard truth when he says : 
"At one time you take pleasure 
in a sort of perverse self-denial, and 
at another you have not the reso- 
lution to resist a thing that you 
know to be wrong." 

Mr. Tulliver is a plain, blunt 
man, with a strong will and a good 
deal of self-conceit. He never 
forgot or forgave one who had 
checkmated his designs, and so 
bent was he on having his own 
way' and being independent, that 
he nearly always did exactly what 
his wife begged him not to do. 
" I picked the mother because 
she wasn't o'er 'cute — bein' a 
good-looking woman, too, an' 
come of a rare family for manag- 
ing ; but I picked her from her 
sisters o' purpose, 'cause she was 

a bit weak, like ; for I wasn't 
be told the rights o' things by n 
own fireside. But you see wh 
a man's got brains himself then 
no knowing where they'll run t 
an' a pleasant sort o' soft worn 
may go on breeding you stup 
lads and 'cute wenches till its li 
as the world was turned tops 
turvy. Its an uncommon puzzli 
thing," said Mr. Tulliver, ve 
characteristically. Poor Mrs. Ti 
liver came too nearly perha 
under this description. Weaj 
effeminate, with no penetration i 
intellect, given up entirely 
providing for her household, si 
fell into the habit of trying 
please every body and was unab 
to please anyone. She had cc 
siderable amount of the fami 
pride that characterized her s 
ters, but no decided tone of chj 

Among other characters Phil 
Wakem is somewhat interestii 
in his morbid peevishness, and I 
aversion, even resentment, to an 
thing like pity for his deformit 
This was perhaps due to his de 
cate sensibilities and habitu 
brooding over his misfortune, h 
character develops into beaut 
though, in its unchanging tri 
and forgiveness. 

Stephen Guest may be set 
contrast to Philip Wakem. Si 
phen, the gay and petted darli; 
of society at St. Ogg's, has a c< 
tain grace of intellect that mal; 



jleasant companion, but he is 
jsolous and light-hearted ; in- 
lstant in love and with a strong 
position to sacrifice the obliga- 
ns of friendship to his own 

\mong the subordinate charac- 
s that have to do very little 
:h the action of the plot, we 
&£ Mrs. Glegg and Mrs. Pullet, 
:h their respective husbands ; 
j we do not name them in this 
ier in mere indifference, but 
m a sense of their relative im- 
rtance in their families. Mrs. 
sgg was a woman fashioned by 
iaent family customs and tradi- 
ns. She was a woman whom ' 
ckens would have described as 
ivariably certain in the uncer- 
nty of her temper." Mrs. Pul- 

shares Mrs. Glegg's inheritance 
family pride and customs, but 
her is concentrated all the sym- 
thies of her ancestors forgener- 
ons back that manifest them- 
ves in remembering the strange 
.eases that occur in the range 

her observation, the horrible 
aths that some die, and in fact 
ery form of suffering. This in- 
•mation she readily dispenses on 
.occasions if the slightest op- 
rtunity is given. 

There is another character 
awn with happy art, and though 
/en an humble place, yet he per- 
rms quite a necessary part in 
e action of the story. This 
aracter is Bob Jakin. He is not 

before us so much, perhaps, as 
others that interest us less. When 
he does appear he is drawn with 
successful strokes. He is one of 
the quick-witted, self-reliant kind 
of fellows, that get their good 
fortune by a natural insight into 
the ways and characters of men. 
He shows a clumsy reverence for 
what is higher and better than he 
has known, and in his simple way 
does his best for unfortunate 

Another character that we must 
mention though we know not 
what to say of her is Lucy Deane. 
Kind-hearted, confiding, innocent, 
Lucy Deane. Her girlish trust 
and forgiving love make us love 
her, and we instinctively refrain 
from looking too critically into 
her nature. 

In this " tragi-comic" romance 
we have depicted the life of simple 
country people living near a 
thriving trading town. The life 
described is such as we would ex- 
pect to find among such people, 
with their thrifty industry and 
plain ways. The peculiarities of 
the characters are perhaps the 
least bit too strongly drawn to be 
true to nature, but this may be 
excused by the purpose of the 
author in impressing on the reader 
these distinctive traits. The life 
is described with truth and min- 
uteness. The visits among the 
relatives, their conversations, the 
amusements of Tom and Maggie 



are all as natural as life in the 
country is. 

There is a nice transparency in 
some of the conversations, through 
which you may see every charac- 

Mr. Tulliver in telling his plans 
.concerning Tom, speaks thus: 

" ' Why you see I've got a plan 
i' my head about Tom', said Mr. 
Tulliver, pausing after that state- 
ment and lifting up his glass. 

' Well, if I may be allowed to 
speak and its seldom lam,' said 
Mrs. Glegg with a tone of bitter 
meaning, T should like to know 
what good is to come to the boy 
by bringin' him up above his 

' Why,' said Mr. Tulliver, not 
looking at Mrs. Glegg but the 
male part of his audience, 'you 
see I've made up my mind not to 
bring Tom up to my business. 
I've had my thoughts about it all 
along, and I made up my mind by 
what I saw with Garnet and his 
son. I mean to put him to some 
business as he can go into without 
capital, and I want to give him 
an eddication as he'll be even wi' 
the lawyers and folks, and put me 
up to a notion now and then.' 

Mrs. Glegg emitted a long sort 
of guttural sound with closed lips 
that smiled in mingled pity and 
scorn. 'It 'ud be a fine deal bet- 
ter for some people,' she said, 
after that introductory note, 'if 
they'd let the lawyers alone'." 

Again, after Mr. Tulliver 
stricken sick and has been s< 
out he returns to consciousn 
for a while and Tom seeks adv 
and said firmly, ' yes, father, 
haven't you a note from un 
Moss for three hundred pounc 
We came to look for that. Wlj 
do you wish to be done about; 

'Ah! I'm glad you thought] 
that my lad,' said Mr. Tulliv 
T allays meant to be easy abc 
that money because o' your au 
You musn't mind losing the moil 
if they can't pay it and its 1: 
enough they can't. The notes \ 
in that box, mind ! I allays me? 
to be good to you Gritty,' s; 
Mr. Tulliver turning to his sist 
but, you know you aggravat 
me. When you would hci 
Moss'. At this moment MagJ 
re-entered with her mother w 
came in much agitated by t 
news that her husband was qu 
himself again. ' Well, Bessy', 
said as she kissed him, ' you mi 
forgive me if you're worse off th 
you ever expected to be. But 
the fault o' the law, it's none 
mine', he added angrily. 'It's t 
fault o' the raskills! Tom— y 
mind this : if ever you've got t 
chance, you make Wakem sma 
If you don't you're a good-f 
nothing son. You might hor 
whip him — but he'd set the li 
on you ; the law's made to ta 
care o' raskills'." 



George Eliot's style is interest- 

x and clear, with a sort of grim 

mor pervading it. She has a 

ick imagination that enables 

r to enter into the spirit of all 

r characters. Her diction is 

re and generally simple, some- 

I nes becoming learned and classi- 

[| Her opinions on life and its 

laments often crop out in her 

: *itings. She says, "But these 

:ad-tinted, hollow-eyed, angular 

eletons of villages on the Rhone 

>press me with the feeling that 

lman life — very much of it — is a 

trrow, ugly, groveling existence, 

hich even calamity does not ele- 

ite, but rather tends to exhibit 

\ all its bare vulgarity of concep- 

on ; and I have a cruel convic- 

on that the lives these ruins are 

le traces of, were part of a gross 

: im of obscure vitality that will 

J swept into the same oblivion 

ith the generations of ants and 


Of Society : " But good socie- 
T , floated on gossamer wings of 
Hi ivory, is of very expensive 
roduction, requiring nothing less 
lan a wide and arduous national 
fe condensed in unfragrant, deaf- 

ling factories This wide 

ational life is based entirely on 
uphasis — the emphasis of want, 
hich urges it into all the activi- 

ties necessary for the maintain- 
ance of good society and light 
irony — it spends its years, often 
in chill, uncarpeted fashion, amid 
family discord unsoftened by long 

Grim satire ! 

The book is sad throughout and 
this same satire permeates the 
whole, making us feel that life is 
not so pleasant and interesting as 
it might be. We lay it aside in- 
clined to the opinion that a great 
deal of the sorrow and suffering 
of this world has no compensa- 
tion. And yet on second'thought 
we cannot but be affected by the 
self-sacrifice that stands out in 
the book in its intrinsic beauty 
and is its own reward. George 
Eliot presses relentlessly upon 
you the sense of the disparity or 
deficiency of things in this world 
that are not balanced at the end 
and according to her left uncan- 
celled on the Ledger of Eternity. 
We often find the want of com- 
pensating justice in life. Life has 
its tragedies, as well as its come- 
dies, and it is well so. Though 
we oppose George Eliot's atheis- 
tic theory it is well that there 
should be the idea (A incomplete- 
ness in life, since it argues glori- 
ously for a life to come. 

J. C. Johnson. 




It is probable that, in the morn- 
ing of the world's history, a patri- 
archical dominion was the only 
•form of government. The father 
of each family exercised control 
over his own children, and, even 
after age had sapped his strength 
and rendered him incapable of 
arduous exploits, they would still 
hearken to his counsel and obey 
his commands. In the course of 
time the different branches of 
each family would probably come 
together to concert measures for 
the common good, and they would, 
in all probability, choose the 
hardiest or the most cunning of 
their number to lead them in the 
chase or marshal them against 
their enemies. The frequent oc- 
currence of such expeditions would 
lead to an exercise of the elective 
power, hence hereditary rule could 
only be established by a succes- 
sion- of able chiefs arising in the 
same family. A leader would be 
chosen for one expedition, or, if 
chosen for life, he would probably 
be removable on suspicion of cow- 
ardice or incapacity. But the 
ruler of the clan or tribe would 
not content himself with authori- 
ty so precarious ; he would call in 
superstition to aid in establishing 
his power more firmly. He would 
pretend that the gods of the clan 

sanctioned his authority; that th 
spcke to him in the awe-inspiri 
tones of the thunder and appear 
to him in the lightning's vh 
flash. As the years rolled onlt 
people, forgetting that the chi 
was but the creature of their choii 
the servant of their will, read 
bowed their necks to the yoke 
despotism. For ages mankind 
mained in this condition ; Ninev 
rose, reigned and fell ; Egy 
waxed great, built her pyrami 
and dived deep into the mysteri 
of the universe ; Israel wept 
the rivers of Babylon ; but m 
were still slaves. The human ra« 
however, could not always rema 
thus; a blaze of light was to d; 
pel, for a time, the surroundij 
darkness. It was in Greece, tj 
home of a people of rare endo 
ments, that freedom was to beg 
her desperate struggle. In Athe 
monarchy was, at an early dat 
superseded by oligarchy. For 
long time the nobles ruled tl 
city with ruthless vigor ; but fin; 
ly, their oppressions becoming id 
heavy to be borne, a leader sprar 
up and called upon the people 
resist. The oligarchy was ab>: 
ished, but the people were not y 
prepared for freedom. They a 
lowed the leader who had liber 
ted them from the oppressions 



U oligarchy to become tyrant of 
3 city. But the nobles soon re- 
irned to the struggle, the tyrant 
,s deposed, but the oligarchy 
i not succeed in regaining its 
wer, the people now resolved to 
vern themselves. All Greece, 
ve Sparta, which retained the 
igly form of government, fol- 
ded in the footsteps of Athens. 
ius Greece began that career of 
ory which has for centuries 
.zzled and astounded the world. 
After the fall of Greece the 
.niggle was renewed at Rome, 
[it that country never attained 
e perfect freedom of her prede- 
issor. The republic was estab- 
ihed only to be superseded by 
e empire. And, after awhile, 
-en the empire tottered and fell 
:ider the pressure of the savage 
>rdes of the north. But, though 
le great city lost her imperial 
)sition, she bequeathed to pos- 
rity a rich heritage in her laws, 
fter the dismemberment of the 
oman Empire, darkness settled 
/er the face of Europe, the hu- 
an intellect fell into a deep 
eep — a sleep full of wild fancies 
id strange dreams. Sovereigns 
ere again absolute masters of the 
sstinies of their subjects. Im- 
:en^e multitudes of men gathered 
)gether and hurled themselves 
pon the East ; two civilizations 
let in desperate combat, and, 
vfen while the contest yet lasted, 
le first step was taken toward a 

change in the form of the govern- 
ments of the world. In the early 
part of the thirteenth century, 
John ascended the English throne. 
His tyrannical character and total 
disregard of even the private rights 
of his subjects forced the barons 
to unite with the people in resist- 
ing his oppressions. The whole 
nation rushed to arms and John, 
driven to desperation, was com- 
pelled to agree to meet the rebel 
leaders to discuss the terms of a 
compromise. On the morning of 
the 15th of July, 121 5, near the 
meadow of Runnymede, the dele- 
gates met their sovereign. All 
the world knows the result. A 
charter was granted to the people 
securing each citizen against the 
tyrannical acts of the ruler and 
providing further that, " no scut- 
age or aid shall be imposed in our 
realm save by the common coun- 
cil of the realm." It is true that 
only the prelates and greater 
barons were members of this 
"common council," but the right 
of taxation was afterwards trans- 
ferred to the commons, and this 
one provision revolutionized the 
British government. While the 
people had the power of granting 
or withholding supplies, no ruler 
could afford to be despotic. With 
an energetic sovereign upon the 
throne, the shadow of its power 
might, for a time, fall like a dead- 
ly blight upon the nation, but it 
could not last, the many were 



steadily advancing in power and 
influence. Up to this time the 
advance of freedom had been slow 
and halting, her footsteps were 
marked with blood ; she had ad- 
vanced through time as the gods 
of Homer move through space, 
she took a step and ages had 
passed away ; but her cause was 
now secured and she came on with 
rapid strides. 

Perhaps no event aided so much 
in unsettling the minds of men and 
preparing them for the reception 
of new ideas of civil government 
as the discovery of America. Men 
had to cast aside old ideas and 
discard the traditions of their an- 
cestors; everything was question- 
ed and a new and brighter light 
was dawning upon the human 
race. With the minds of men in 
such a condition we would expect 
that a part, at least, of mankind 
would burst the bonds of hoary 
tradition and throw off the yoke 
of degrading superstition. Ac- 
cordingly Luther is soon heard 
thundering his denunciations 
against the papal see. His opin- 
ions spread with wonderful rapidi- 
ty, for men were no longer abject 
slaves to superstition. It would 
have been strange if, while so 
man)' great changes were occurr- 
ing, men had not attempted to 
tear away the veil of reverential 
awe that had so long surrounded 
the throne of kings. In England 
the change was great. It is true 

that Henry the Eighth totai 
disregarded the rights of his si 
jects and ruled the land with d< 
potic severity. But it is also jij 
that there were some who stern 
resisted the encroachments of tj 
crown upon the liberties of tj 
people. New ideas and new the 
ries were becoming popular, m( 
were bold enough to avow opt 
ions which, a century before, i 
Englishman would have dared 
utter. The Utopia of Sir Thorn 1 
Moore embodies these new thei 
ries of government. Time hi 
established the utility of many 
the theories set forth in this ti 
markable book. In the commo 
wealth of Utopia or Nowhere, if 
power rested with the peopli 
there the aim of legislation wast 
secure the welfare of the comml 
nity at large ; there they did \\ 
punish the guilty in order t 
avenge a crime that had ahead 
been committed, but to preve? 
the commission of new one; 
there a sovereign could be r 
moved on suspicion of a design t 
enslave his people, Here we ma 
see a fore-shadowing of the awfi 
tragedy that was enacted a fe 
years later. Moore paid for h 
temerity with his head, but tl" 
cause he advocated could not di 
Not many years had elapsed whe 
the whole English people rose t 
vindicate their rights ; Charli 
the First was beheaded, and, afti 
a few fitful changes, the house < 



anover, became seated on the 
iglish throne. Thus English 
:>erty was forever secured against 
e encroachments of the sover- 
•m; for the reigning house, seated 
>on the throne by the people, is 
dving monument to the right of 
[j| people to dethrone a ruler 
rien he does not act in accord- 
;ce with the national will. But 
terty did not pause here. Cross- 
ly the Atlantic, she achieved her 
owning victory in America, 
ngland attempted to tax her 
lonies there ; this the colonies 
sisted, contending that they 
ight not to be taxed by a legis- 
:ive body in which they were 
>t represented. England relin- 
lished the point only to return 
it. Blood was shed and the 
lonies, electrified by the battle 
i Lexington, took up arms to 
sist the mother country. The 
"o armies met first at Bunker 
ill, and the noise of the battle 
ook the whole earth. Kings 
smbled in their palaces and des- 
)ts reeled upon their thrones, 
nd well they might, for Freedom 
id begun her soul-stirring anthem 
>id the world was marching to 
e music. After a desperate 
ruggle. the colonies secured their 
dependence, and it now became 
:cessary to establish a govern- 
ent that would secure to them 
id their posterity the blessings 
freedom. In the Declaration 
Independence it had been as- 

serted that all men are equal in 
their rights to "life, liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness," and 
upon this foundation they resolved 
to erect their government. How 
well they built all the world 
knows ; guided by a wisdom akin 
to inspiration, they erected a gov- 
ernment that has realized the 
fondest dreams of the philanthro- 
pist. The blessings of freedom 
and justice fall, like the dews of 
heaven, upon all. Time has proven 
the efficacy of our government 
while foreign and domestic wars 
have demonstrated its stability. 
Its establishment brought about 
a change for the better in most of 
the governments of the world. 
America's song of victory was the 
death march of the French mon- 
archy. Stimulated by the success 
of the colonies, the French people 
rose up in their strength and 
hurled to the earth the throne 
that had tyrranized over them for 
centuries. What if they, in the 
first wild delirium of their fancy, 
passed the bounds of prudence 
and justice? It but proves more 
conclusively the deep, the damn- 
ing guilt of those who rendered 
them incapable of self-government. 
The people of France, after pass- 
ing through various vicissitudes, 
now a republic, now an empire, 
have established a government 
upon the same plan as that of the 
United States. 

We have traced civil govern- 



merit from its earliest to the pres- 
ent form. In the early ages the 
governments of the world were 
absolute monarchies. This was 
undoubtedly the best form of gov- 
ernment for that period. Men 
were fierce in their nature and 
wild and lawless in their habits. 
Under such circumstances, it was 
better for a country submit to the 
dominion of a ruler who, though 
he might plunder himself, was yet 
strong enough to prevent others 
from exercising a like privilege. 
But as people advanced in culture 
and refinement, such absolute do- 
minion would have been injurious. 
Accordingly it became necessary 
for the throne to relinquish some 

of its power. We have seen thi 
this change was accomplished ar 
that the many triumphed over tlj 
few. No one can say whether 
not the governments of the wor 
are to undergo still other change 
Wild and startling theories a 
being advocated, but the signs < 
the times do not warrant us in a 
serting that the Socialist will re; 
ize his dream. The science i 
government must advance wit 
the development of the hum; 
race, but we could weigh the moc 
in a grocer's scales as easily as \| 
could predict the changes whic 
time may make in the gover 
ments of the world. 




E. P. Withers. 

[The Editor of this Department was unfortunately obliged to leave the Hill on, account of 
cness. The performance of his duties is being attempted by another member of the staff. "| 

Mark Twain has written a 
view article in the April Cen- 
ry on " English : How She is 
lught." Poor, poor Mark ; his 
tide is unilluminated by any 
sh of wit. We are anxious 
out you, Mark; we are afraid 

ing chance — offer them at least 
as good inducements as other 
States, and thus keep them among 
us ? Of course legislation can't 
accomplish anything, but if every 
man of means within our borders 
would be public-spirited enough to 

iu've lost your mind ! How the | back up the brains, character and 
ighty have fallen ! — Mark Twain 
•iting a dry book review ! Re- 
ve, revive, Mark, and again let 
at broad ^smile greet your words, 
in days of yore. 

Each YEAR carries many of the 
ainiest, strongest young men of 
orth Carolina into other States, 

energy of their younger brethren 
with the solid cash, this old State 
would get on such a boom that 
the outside world would wonder. 
We know of dozens of well-edu- 
cated, energetic young men of 
character who will seek " pastures 
new" unless their worth is recog- 

nply for lack of encouragement I nized at home. A good citizen is of 

home. Several men from every 
ass which has graduated since 
5 have found homes, friends and 
icouragement outside our State 
)rders, and have become valua- 
e, progrecsive citizens. At the 
me time we are offering, through 
e Immigration Department, ev- 
y species of inducement to out- 
ders, trying to get them to settle 
nong us. Why not give our own 
)ung men an opportunity — a liv- 

money value to a State. "A prophet 
is not without honor save in his 
own country," and if we. North 
Carolinians, allow the best blood 
and brains of our State to leave 
us for want of encouragement, 
attempting to substitute Yankee 
trash or foreign scum, we shall 
perpetually deserve the name of 
Rip Van Winkle, and the name 
Tar-Heels will have another and 
shameful meaning — that of men 



who are too slow to progress — 
men stuck fast to the traditions 
of our past. 

We notice in the April Scrib- 
ner's an article by Thomas Nelson 
Page. This gentleman wrote an 
article, " Mars' Chien," for The 
Century last year which elicited 
the highest praise. He is a young 
Virginian, a University of Virginia 
college man, and is rapidly rising 
to prominence as a magazine wri- 
ter. We are glad to see it ; one 
more example of Southern brains 


England is upon the verge of 
another mighty political struggle. 
Salisbury and Gladstone will lead 
the opposing forces, and vhe great 
battle will be fought in the Eng- 
lish Parliament. A Coercion bill — 
the most oppressive, cruel and out- 
rageous of them all, it is said — 
will be introduced by the Govern- 
ment to utterly crush Ireland. 
Gladstone himself will lead the 
Opposition, and we imagine it 
must be a sight almost sublime to 
see him, as the old fire flashes from 
his eye and the old eloquence 
comes to his tongue, to plead for 
the liberty of his fellow-man. It 
will be a mighty battle. How will 
it end ? 

Two events stand forth in the 
history of the world unequalted 
for oppression, for the usurpation 

of a country's rights and liberty 
for the misused use of milital 
power, and for the almost abje 
slavery to which two peoples hai 
been subjected for hundreds 
years. These two events are t 
subjection of Ireland and the d 
memberment of Poland. We pi 
pose to speak here of the form* 
and we would that we had ti 
massive grandeur of Demosthen* 
the polished eloquence of Cicei 
and the glorious fire and brillian 
of Grattan, to tell the tale of I| 
land's wrongs. 

Until the year 1172 Ireland \v 
indeed " a gem set in the silv 
sea," but then the English armj 
came upon her, conquered and e< 
slaved her, and blotted her nan 
from the roll of nations. Sin 
then her history has been but: 
recital of wrongs and a tale of wc 

England's course towards Ii 
land has ever been one of tyrani 
and oppression, unless we may 1 
cept a few years in the latter hi 
of the eighteenth century. V 
have neither space nor time 
enter into a full discussion of t- 
many nefarious acts passed by t 
English Parliament to coerce Ii 
land, but we can at least give 
few instances and cite a few e 
amples to prove our assertic 
Payning's act, passed in the si 
teenth century, was one of t 
most damnable acts ever enact' 
by any legislative body, ev 
though it was composed of n; 



^-minded bigots and knaves, 
der this act it was no crime to 
>ot down (for the fun of the ex- 
■iment, as it were) in cold blood 
/ Irishman who dared appear 
public without an English dress 
the protection of an English- 
n. Irishmen were forbidden to 
rn to read, Catholic schools and 
irches were torn down and re- 
rds were offered for the arrest 

But the Payning act was not 
ificient to put the finishing 
iches to the brutality of the 
teenth century. Something 
!»re was necessary, and English 
■tesmen soon found what was 
sded. Sixty thousand Irish boys 
i girls were sold as slaves to 
•est India planters. Think of it ! 
xty thousand human beings, 
ving as much right to the bless- 
es of Freedom and Liberty as 
u and I, are torn from father, 
)ther, home — all that is dear 
d loved — and carried to the 
ming fields of the West India 
inds, there to be condemned to 
•vitude and slavery, to the de- 
uchery and licentiousness of 
jtal masters, and to a life to 
lich death is far more prefera- 
;. The women, ravished by 
2ir English masters, finally died 
un shame and grief, leaving their 
ildren bastards and outcasts 
>m the world. The men drop 
iseless under the brutal lash, or, 
aded to desperation by cruelty, 

while making a hopeless effort to 
escape, fall in some swamp or jun- 
gle, pierced by a bullet from a 
pursuer's rifle and die helpless and 
uncared for, while blood-hounds 
tear their flesh and lap their oozing 

Oliver Cromwell stands forth as 
one of the grand men of history. 
He was the chief of that great 
army of reformers, in the ranks of 
which were such noble souls as 
John Milton and John Hampden. 
He almost overthrew royalty in 
England, and he gave her the first 
true Light of Liberty. Yet Oliver 
Cromwell oppressed and outraged 
Ireland. It was he who, when he 
had captured Drogheda, wrote to 
Parliament that " by the help of 
God," not an Irishman escaped. 
It was he who wrote, " We 
knocked them in the head, too," 
referring to the gallant Irish offi- 
cers who surrendered the place ; 
and it was Cromwell who gave all 
the lands owned by Irish Roman 
Catholics (which was four-fifths of 
the island) to his troops as pay, 
and he left the people on the 
verge of starvation and the coun- 
try almost a desert. And still 
this man loved liberty and was the 
greatest soldier and statesman of 
his age. O Prejudice! O Pas- 
sion ! How they can warp the 
souls of men ! 

The revolution of 1798 was pro- 
voked by Pitt, who took away the 
Irish Parliament, in order to kill 



by legislation, Irish industries and 
thus give free scope to England. 
It was Pitt who sent 137,000 men, 
under Lord Cornwallis, to subdue 
the " Irish dogs once more." Lord 
Cornwallis himself said that "the 
violence of our friends and their 
folly in trying to make it a reli- 
gious question, adds to the feroci- 
ty of our troops, who delight in 
murder." Gordon, an Established 
Churchman, said : " No quarter 
was given to persons taken pris- 
oners as rebels, with or without 
arms." And so the tale of death 
goes on, for one hundred and thir- 
ty-seven thousand English . bull- 
dogs, trained to tear the flesh, 
mangle the limbs and lick the 
life-blood of the nation, " were 
turned loose upon Ireland." Once 
more were the "Irish dogs" sub- 
jugated, and once more the de- 
mons of Disease, Famine and 
Death, drunk with joy, held a 
grand carnival of ruin throughout 
the land. 

But this was long ago. The 
nineteenth century, the noontide 
of the world's history, the age of 
progress, learning and humanity, 
would suffer nothing like this. 
Well, let's see. 

Soon after the passing of the 
Coercion and Eviction acts of the 
latter part of the last century 
and the first of this, the Irish be- 
gan to be evicted. Eviction meant 
that, for failure to pay an enor- 
mous rental or tax, and for so- 

called political offences, an Iris] 
man and his family Were turnd 
out of their house and home ari 
his lands were confiscated for sort 
knavish English nobleman's ben! 
fit. In 1824 Francis Blackbu] 
was appointed by Parliament \ 
administer an Insurrection ac 
He says: "I had to disposse 
forty or fifty families, having p^ 
sons of all sexes and ages, an 
this is not one incident alone, bi 
it is so all over the island." 
committee appointed by Parli 
ment made the following reporj 
" It would be impossible for la 
guage to convey an idea of tl 
distress, disease and misery 1 
which the evicted tenantry ha\ 
been reduced. A vast numb 
have perished." Another cor 
mittee investigated the conditic 
of the Irish peasants in 1 836, aij 
reported: " They eat one mealj 
day of dry potatoes, and nev 
get meat except Christmas, Shrov 
tide, and Easter." One Episc 
palian Archbishop exhorted hi 
rectors to drive the popish rebe 
and illicit distillers " from the 
lands and put Protestants in the 
stead." This inhuman brute, ) 
devilish depravity heated his cru; 
rage, exclaimed : " I trust that e 
ery true and faithful minister < 
God would sooner have potato< 
and salt surrounded with Prote 
tants than live like princes su 
rounded with Papists." The E 
tablished Church was endowe< 



hile the Catholic was taxed. 
rom 1838 to 1843, 356,985 people 
sre evicted, and in Meath county 
one 369,000 acres of land were 
•nfiscated. In 1849, 50,000 fam- 
1 es were turned from their homes. 
his is a part of the nineteenth 
.'titury's record. It is enough, 
lone of the Christian nations, 
■eland's march has been back- 
ard. Her population has de- 
•eased, many of her sons have 
srished, and many more, driven 
lom their homes, have become 
igrants, wanderers on the face of 
lie earth and exiles from the land 
f their birth. 

The Famine ! It would be vain 
or us to attempt to describe it. 
<t would take some weightier 
lind, whose genius could paint in 
lowing words, the horrors of Hell, 
3 picture that scene on the high- 
ways, in the fields, in the bogs and 
tie swamps, the Irish peasants 
2II, unwept, unhonored and un- 
nown, food for the vultures and 
rowling curs. The skeleton of 
)eath stalked through the land, 
nd the rattle of his bones and his 
orrid laugh alone broke the 
"lournful stillness. The sun of 
lope veiled himself and sadly 
/ithdrew from that scene and left 
reland enveloped in the blackness 
>f the night of Despair. All the 
^orld wept for that hapless peo- 
)le, and we imagine a mighty 
ilence prevailed in Heaven, brok- 
n only by a wail of pity uncon- 

sciously wrung from a seraph's 

The English claim that the Irish 
are lazy, lawless and licentious. 
When a people have been dispos- 
sessed of their possessions and 
hunted down as outlaws, it is but 
natural that they should be dis- 
contented and ever ready to rebel ? 
When a poor, half-starved, half- 
crazed Irish peasant stabs to death 
some brutal English officer, a 
mighty howl of holy horror rises 
from all England at the enormity 
of this crime, and the fact that 
for a long period of seven hundred 
years, assassinations and butche- 
ries have been legalized by its own 
Parliament is all the while forgot- 
ten. Oh ! England, England, thou 
hast been a tender nurse to her! 
She will never forget it ; should 
memory fail, there are wounds — 
quivering, gaping wounds — to 
quicken it and its thirst for ven- 

This is the year of the Queen's 
jubilee. Victoria has ruled fifty 
years, and during this time Eng- 
land has most wonderfully pro- 
gressed. Victoria is ruler over 
the greatest and wealthiest empire 
in the world. It has the greatest 
navy, the biggest commerce, and 
more manufactories, than any of 
the nations. Her people are en- 
gaged now in honoring a Queen 
on whose dominions the sun never 
sets. London is at its gayest ; 
magnificent balls and fetes and re- 



ceptions are given, where lovely 
women and titled men revel in 
scenes of beauty and splendor, 
and everything seems to breathe 
only peace and prosperity and. 
happiness. The English heart is 
proud, and all England is joyous, 
for to England Victoria's reign 
has been great and wise and good. 
But Ireland? All Ireland is sad. 
What will her offering be ? 

" A crystal cup of bitterest tears, 

A golden goblet of noblest blood, 
This be our tribute for fifty years 

Of a reign so wise, so great, so good." 

The present seems an age of 
change ; the earth has been con- 
vulsed by the cataclysms of the 
earthquake, the heavens have been 

torn by the cyclone's whirl of ruiri 
Man, in unison with this feeling 
is more restless and discontentei 
than ever, and the low, deep mu 1 
terings of his discontent can b; 
heard in all countries and in ever 
land. The tendency of the age i 
towards greater enlightenment am 
liberalism. Gladstone, who leaa 1 
the Irish hope, stands like a here 
ready to lead his people to victc 
ry, while Salisbury is like som 
monster to block and bar his waj 
But the Irish hope is the hope tha 
rises in the hearts of all men, an 
"standing upon the mountain-top 
of thought and looking over fchj 
shadowy ocean, we may behol 
the loom of the land." 



Personal Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 

- — "Make way for liberty' — he 
ied, {he-hc-e-em) made way for 

j 3erty" — and we wish they'd died. 
5 the new version handed in by 

'ie who rooms in the N. E. 

, — K. S. Uzzell, '86, was on the 
I il 1 a few days since. 

— All were pleased to have Col. 
( urgwin and C. B. Aycock, Esq., 
oth honored alumni's with us 
during the contest for the medals 
I the Phi. Society. 

— Ah lovely Spring I thought you here 
And quickly donned my thin blue pants; 
When lo ! old winter shook his mane, 
And chilling snow-flakes 'gan to dance. 

— Steevy P. Graves who ob- 
lined his license before the court 
i February, has settled at Mt. 
.iry and has gained his first fee. 

— G. B. Patterson, '86, is teach- 
ig in Laurinburg. 

— Wm. J. King, A. M., class 
>o, is Real Estate Agent and col- 
fctor at Castalia, N. C. 

— Chas. S. Shorter, '6o, captain 
\. S. A., is a planter at Walla 
/alia, W. T. 

— R. L. Sykes, class '6o, ex-Sur- 

son of Charity Hospital, N. Y., 

a physician at Columbus, Miss. 

— Jas. A. Cody, '6i, is a com- 
mercial salesman, Atlanta, Ga. 

— Jas. A. Everett, '6i, is a 
planter and lumber-man, Fort 
Valley, Ga. 

— A. C. Jones, '62, is at Mata- 
gorda, Texas. 

— B. C. Mclver, '85, is a teacher 
in the Goldsboro Graded school. 

— Francis Womack is now in 
Reidsville, N. C. 

—J. H. Field, class '58, is at 
Columbus, Miss. 

— A. H. Galloway, class '59, is 
Sheriff of Rockingham county 
and lives at Reidsville, N. C. 

— Oscar F. Hadley, class '59, is 
at Livingston, Ala. 

— Thos. W. Jarratt, '59, is at 
Montgomery, Ala. 

— Geo. P. Tarry, '59, was of 
class '53 University of Virginia, 
is now a planter at Tarry's Mills, 

— Chas. E. Gay, '6o, is Clerk of 
Chancery Court, Oktibbeha coun- 
ty, Miss. 

— David E. Jiggitts, '60, is a 
planter at Vernon, Miss. 



— One of our Professors has re- 
cently received a letter from Mr. 
F. M. Carter, class '62, in which 
he expresses a very warm interest 
in the University and inquires 
after old friends made while here. 
Mr. Carter is now practising law 
at Farmington, Mo., his native 

— L. " Mr. S. has gone home 
to-day without even telling his 
room-mate." Mr. B. "Where does 
he live" ? L. " He lives in Cas- 
well." Mr. B. " What county is 
Caswell in" ? 

— We are in receipt of a letter 
from J. F. West, class '85, con- 
taining one of his announcements 
for the office of Commonwealth's 
Attorney of Sussex county. We 
wish him success, but are afraid 
Jesse Felix is ambitious to be- 
come like Mark Twain's "concen- 
trated inhabitant" as he is already 
Notary Public. 

— One of our "new students" is 
making a specialty of Irving's 
Sketch Book. On hearing some 
one pronounce the names Shad- 
rack, Meshack and Abednego he 
inquired if they were the proper 
pronunciations of some of the big 
words in the Sketch Book. 

— Memorial Hall is to have a 
tablet to the memory of the late 
Bishop Green who was before his 
death one of the two oldest gradu- 
ates of the University. 

— Here is a plea for educatioi 
in North Carolina in the shape cj 
a letter to President Battle, whici 
we copy verbatim : 

Hon. K. P. Battle, LL. D., Pres. J 
Dear Sir : — I am not thinkfrj 
of comming to school for a wh 
yet and I would lik to no if yoi 
will writ a Speech on ay subjeo 
and if you will I would bee gla 
to hv a Speech wroat on lov. a fu ; 
history of lov, I will tel you why 
want th Speech we ar going toll 
a public Debat and our Subject i 
Resolv that lov is a Stronger pa: 
sion than anger and if you wil 
Send me Speech on lov. and wi! 
trust my honor for pay I would 
would Send your Pay but I don' 
no what your pric is. 
Yours &c. 

— "J is for J-c-b, and J-hns-n too 
Who edits the personals of N. C. U. 
He touches on games, the " colonel" t 

But one thing he fails to do. 
He goes for the Freshmen in haste 
He yells at the Freshmed's taste 
He sighs to be witty, but knows he 

pretty (?) 
But his constellation of so-called wit, 
Humor and personals in the U.'N. ( 

Is a barren waste." 

We publish the above, no 
at all from any merit we are abl 
to see in it, but because it is th 
only production from the sam 
source that will probably ever b 
seen in print and it may gladde 
the heart of its author. We woul 
beg him in the future not tostrid 



in ass for Pegasus for in that case 
e halts along in an uncertain 
Measure and stumbles piteously 
t the end. The writer protests 
gainst joking at Freshmen. We 
re very sorry if the writer has 
uffered any humiliation on that 
core. We have always consid- 
red the Freshman a living, mov- 
qg, breathing joke. He would 
•e taken for a joke anywhere we 
hink and if he is often a poor one 
Ve are not at fault. Nature seems 
;0 have sent him into this world 
,:n a jocular and facetious sort of 
/pirit. We suspect that all the 
/"reshmen were created in April 
-,.nd nature was trying a little 
;ame of April Fool on the world. 
/Ve cannot give up the Freshman 
us a "joke-root" and we think it 
)ught to be a source of self-con- 
jratulation to him that he is able 
o be of some little service in this 
vorld. For this unfledged poet 
ve have the following advice 
vhich we put in the form of a 
itanza that he may better remem- 
ber it : 

When next you woo the Lyric Muse, 

Dear friend, we kindly would advise 

That you would not at any time, 

In any place or any wise, 

Suppose she smiles when she does not, 

Assume her favor not obtained, 

For this is self-deception base 

And made us laugh as you complained. 

A Protest. — We are some- 
what in favor of, in a measure, re- 
instating the old custom that stu- 
dents who attend prayers should 
have a regularly assigned seat. It 
is a great annoyance to those who 
try to have one place to sit to be 
crowded out by some fellow who 
goes to prayers perhaps once a 
month. You go in and take your 
accustomed seat and settle down 
comfortably when here comes 
some great- elephantine fellow 
who straddles over you like a 
horrid spider and sends successive 
waves of chill creeping down your 
spine or else jostles you along to 
the other end of the seat and 
crams you in one corner so that 
you miss entirely the point to Dr. 
Battle's morning joke. Of course 
we can only offer this mild expos- 
tulation to those on whom nature 
has bestowed more weight avoir- 
dupois than we can boast of, in 
the hope they will remember that 
we have feelings if we are small, 
and that we are almost sure to 
get tired in the course of a long 
prayer under the burden of a ton 
of flesh. We enter this protest 
n-ot so much from the hope of any 
good it will effect, but from a 
natural desire to relieve ourselves 
of some things we've thought on 
this subject. Little Man. 



Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery. 

One of the greatest obstacles 
that any college paper could have 
to encounter is a spirit of indiffer- 
ence on part of the students. 
And we venture to say that there 
is no college paper that has not 
this evil, more or less, to contend 
against. Our MAGAZINE, we are 
sorry to say, furnishes no excep- 
tion to the general rule. We be- 
lieve, however, that this spirit 
with us is gradually disappearing 
and that, at no distant day, we will 
have the sympathies if not the 
active support of most of our 
boys. We have reasons to be 
hopeful of such a state of affairs 
at any rate. We have tried so far 
to do good, honest, faithful work; 
and the extent to which we have 
fallen short of success should be 
ascribed to our heads and not our 
hearts. We have been very much 
encouraged by the complimentary 
terms in which many of our ex- 
changes have spoken of us. We 
appreciate the compliments ex- 
ceedingly much and hope that we 
will be excusable in clipping three 
of them for this issue. We are 
opposed to too much of such, our- 
selves ; but, in the course of hu- 
man events, it should sometimes 
be permitted. We wish it clearly 

understood, however, that we do 
not do it with any spirit of ego- 
tism, for we detest the egotist as! 
much as any one on earth. 

The following will explain : 

The North Carolina UNIVER< 
SITY Magazine is one of our most 
interesting exchanges. The Feb- 
ruary number does credit to its 
editors. We note the report of 
the " Shakespeare Club," and re- 
gret that we have not some such 
organization here. Never mind, 
though, just tackle us on Anglo- 
Saxon or Chaucer, and though we 
may not know very much about 
Shakespeare, we can talk all day 
of the beauties of the writings of 
./Elfric, or Alfred, and -the origi- 
nalities of Chaucer. — .S". C. Colle- 

We rank the UNIVERSITY 
Magazine, of the University of 
North Carolina, among the first of 
college journals. Its matter is 
well written and edited. Its bio- 
graphies of illustrious men, with 
their portraits, is a feature of the 
paper. We congratulate the ex- 
change editor on the able manner 
in which he conducts his depart- 
ment. We would suggest that 
the person who writes the edito- 




lis stop harping upon the girls. 

The University Magazine 
-r March is the most interesting 
id decidedly the best issue we 
ive seen of this publication for 
;ars. President Battle gives us 
sketch of Senator Vance. It 

a graphic portraiture of "our 
eb," which every one would en- 
»y. Then comes an article from 
le facile pen of Mrs. Spencer on 
eneral Pettigrew's book. Here 
jr best female writer had a sub- 
ct worthy of her pen, and it is 
seless to say that this article, too, 

well done. We congratulate 
le editors on this number of 
leir MAGAZINE. We are inter- 
sted in everything that pertains 
) the University, and wish there 
ere a thousand young men there 
:> enjoy the culture imparted by 

s learned faculty. — Home. 


We give below a list of our 
lore prominent exchanges: 

Cornell Daily Sun, The Aegis, 
Jniversity Reporter, Pacific Pharos, 
fuhlenburg Monthly, Pcuusylva- 
ia College Montlily, The Messen- 
<cr, Stvarthmorc Phoenix, College 
ournal. The Occident, Autiochian, 
'outh Carolina Collegian, Southern 
Jniversity Mont lily, Weekly Uui- 
•ersity Courier, Virginia Universi- 
v Magazine, Texas University, 
Jniversity Monthly, Miame Jour- 
al, American Magazine, Niagara 
ndex, Plir etiological Journal, The 

Student (Pa.), The University (N. 
Y.), The Lineolnian, Easlhamite, 
High ScJiool Bulletin, (Mass.), Uni- 
versity Argus, Students Herald, 
Fish Herald, College Portfolio, 
Scribners Magazine, Roanoke Col- 
legian, Davidson Montlily, South- 
em Bivouac, North Carolina TeacJi- 
cr, The Academy, Wake Forest 
Student, College Message, The 
Oak Leaf, The State Chronicle, 
News and Observer, AsJicville Citi- 
zen, Neivbcrnc Journal, Biblical 
Recorder, Wilmington Star, Twin 
City Daily, The Equator (Fla.), 
Raleigh Signal, Pittsboro Home. 

* '* 
A perfect recitation is called a 
"tear" at Princeton, "squirt" at 
Harvard, "sail" at Bowdoin, 
"rake" at Williams, " cold rush" 
at Amherst. A failure in recita- 
tion receives the title of "slump" 
at Harvard, a "stump" at Prince- 
ton, a " smash" at Wesleyan and 
a "flunk" at Amherst. — Amherst 

■x- * 
Several of our exchanges have 
been giving the "College yells" 
of the different colleges and uni- 
versities. Our yeila are so numer- 
ous that we could not, for want of 
space, attempt to enumerate them. 
However, for the benefit of our 
readers, we will give some of the 
yells of other colleges. Michigan 
University has " U. of M. ! Rah! 
Rah! Rah!" repeated as many 
times as the occasion demands. 



Cold-blooded and cultured is the 
super-refined squeak of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, 
at Boston. It is, " Rah ! Rah ! 
Rah? Tech-nol-o-gy !" Trinity, 
at Hartford, has " Trin-eye-tee ! 
Trin-eye-tee! Trin-eye-tee !" and 
Brown, of Providence, is not much 
behind with " Rah ! Rah ! Rah ! 
Brown !" Williams, of Williams- 
town, Mass., calls out " Ra ! Ra ! 
Ra ! Williams ! Yams ! Yams ! 
Williams!" A curious yell is that 
of Union College, of Schenectady, 
New York : " Rah ! Rah ! Rah ! 
U-n-i-o-n ! Hika! Hika!" Tufts, 
College Hill, Mass., has one of 
the most interesting of the lot : 
"Hoop-la! Boom -yah! Rah! 
Rah ! Tufts ! Hoop-la ! Boom- 
yah! Rah!" Amherst yells thus: 
" Rah ! Rah ! Rah ! Amherst !" 
Rutgers: "Rah! Rah! Rah! Bow- 
wow-wow !" Syracuse startles the 
air in this fashion : " Srah ! Srah ! 
Syr-a-cuse!" three times repeated. 
There is one more to give, and we 
cannot refer to it in a manner more 
unique than quote what one has 
said of it : 

" Oh, what a fine one it is, and 
what sweet memories are asso- 
ciated with its osculatory sound ! 
The word yell, as a characteriza- 
tion, is dismissed, for it has a 
harshness about it that is not 
suited to convey a sound, a strain 
of music which is altogether tune- 
ful, and which has in it all the 
softness and tenderness and pleas- 

ant fragrance of roses and mooii 
light and mellow youth-tide." 

This is quoted from one whosi 
peculiar fortune it was to hear th 
yell as it was "zvhispered " to hirr 
by a lovely young form on a moon 
light excursion steamer, when thi 
gentle breezes seemed to act a! 
carriers of Cupid's arrows, and thi 
rippling waves, as they greete( 
with kisses the prow of the rush 
ing steamer, sang for Love a swee 
lullaby to the tune of fairVassar'! 
melodious yell : 

"Rah ! Rah! Rah! Yum! yum 
yum ! (Kiss! kiss! kiss!) Vas-sar?' 

* * 

The session of the Missouri Leg 
islature just closed made the fol 
lowing appropriations ; Suppor 
of the University for next tw( 
years, $65,300; for various im ! 
provements of University, $60, 
91 1 ; for support of the three Stat< 
normals, $70,000; for improvemeir 
of the normals, $8,218; total 
$204,429. The Columbia (Mo. 
Herald, speaking of the $126,21 
appropriated to the University 
says: "The most gratifying fac 
is that it has not been grudging!) 
given." The Legislature also se' 
apart one-third of the general rev 
enue as a public school fund 
which, since 1875, has been one 
fourth of the revenue. 

It would be advisable toimpor 
some of these legislators intc 
North Carolina. We are sadly ii 
need of liberal-minded, patriots 



v-makers — men who are not 
•aid to pass progressive meas- 
es and vote appropriations when 
djy see that it will be of invalua- 
t aid to the people of the whole 
ate. The trouble in our last 
,'gislature was that it was com- 
sed largely of the professional 
pss-roads politician — there were 
table exceptions, we are glad 

admit — who thinks that his 
ily duty is to act as a great 
Watch-dog of the Treasury," and 
at it is the duty of such a dog 
r down any enterprise that re- 
;ires one dollar of the dear 
Good People s " money. Poor 
Jlows, if they can only stand in 
,e capital at Raleigh and squall 
■ the pitch of their voice that 
•ob'ry is 'bout to be puppy- 
?ated," and that the " suplus is 
( be squandipated," they will 

ueeze the old eagle until 

mk they can go home and tell 
eir constituents of the Hercu- 
an efforts they had to put forth 
•save the State from bankruptcy 
id disgrace ; and that if they are 
)t returned to the next "legisla- 
r" the State will be ruined. But 
as! the couplet is too true — 
lere's many a bud the cold frosts will nip, 
lere's many a slip 'twixt the cup and the 

lip ! ■ 

■x- ' * 
; I was very much pleased to learn 
Dm President Battle yesterday 
.at Mr. P. C. Cameron has signi- 
:d. his intention to place a tablet 
• the memory of his old friend 

and his father's life-long friend in 
University Memorial Hall. Bishop 
Green belonged to the class of 
1 8 1 8. The venerable Dr. Morri- 
son, first President of Davidson 
College, was a class-mate, and is, 
I think, now sol-; survivor. From 
1820 to 1850 Bishop Green was 
associated more or less intimately 
with all the men then prominent 
in North Carolina — Bishop Ra- 
venscroft, Bishop Ives, JudgeCam- 
eron, Judge Badger, Judge Hen- 
derson, Judge Nash, Judge Battle, 
Governor Swain, Senator Man- 
gum, Governor Graham, Hon. 
Hugh Waddell.' *— Mrs. C. P. S., in 
Neivs and Observer. 

* * 

Our American colleges are be- 
ginning seriously to consider the 
importance of religious education. 
Professor Noah K. Davis, of the 
University of Virginia, says : 
"Any religious instruction what- 
ever in a State school is a viola- 
tion of religious liberty." Presi- 
dent Galusha Anderson, of Chi- 
cago University, says : " The peo- 
ple need to be taught religion for 
the good of the State, but the 
State is not the proper teacher." 
Dr. Malcolm MacVickers, of To- 
ronto, says : " No teachers can 
appear before their class." Dr. J. 
C. Welling, of Columbian Univer- 
sity, says : " Elementary educa- 
tion is all the State should as- 
sume." Dr. Nunally, of Howard 
College, says : " Moral training 



must be had or the Government 
must be destroyed. The Govern- 
ment cannot give this moral train- 
ing without being a violator of its 
own organic law." 

#' -x- 
A very pretty custom adhered 

to in many colleges is that of 

presenting to the college library 

an album containing pictures of 

all the graduating class. — Ex. 

* „ 

To My Pony. 


Thou'st borne me safe o'er classic soil, 
And safe thro' monie a bloody broil, 
And gi'n me help in a' my toil, 

My bonnie steed. 
Let ithers burn the midnight oil. 

Wha hate thy breed. 

Wi' ye, thro' Gallia's fertile land, 
Wi' ye, to Britian's rocky strand, . 
I followed Csesai's conq'ring band, 

My trottin' pride, 
Wha, led by sae smb' mucker's hand, 

I swiftly ride. 

Wi' ye, I enter Ilium's walls, 

And wander thro' auld Priam's halls, 

And sigh when valiant Hector falls, 

My pony swift, 
And laugh wdien sae puir grubber calls 

To get a lift. 

Guid health to thee, my bonnie steed, 
Guid health to a' thy bonnie breed ! 
Whene'er a bit o' help I need, 

I'll gae to thee. 
Thou'st iver been 'i word and deed, 

A friend to me. — Ex. 

-X- * 

The Brooklyn Magazine. — 
" Is the American Woman Over- 
dressed?" gives Mrs. Helen Camp- 
bell an excellent subject for a 


bright and well written paper, an 
which is deservedly given tti 
place of honor in the Marc 
Brooklyn Magazine. Thousand 
of women will doubtless read Mr 
Campbell's article with keenej 
interest. " Queen Elizabeth an 
her Suitors" is another gossip 
and entertaining paper in whi 
Mr. Edward B. Williams reviev 
the loves of England's fascinatin 
queen. Dr. T. DeWitt Talmag 
tells his experience in smokin 
" My First Cigar," and Seato 
Donoho relates several spirite 
stories in the third of his series o 
papers " Stories and Memories o 
Washington." The quaint relig 
ous customs adopted by the Ten 
nessee mountaineer are graph 
cally described by William Perr 
Brown, and Herbert Hall Win 
low tells a thoroughly America: 
story in " Old Man Daggs." / 
sensible article is contributed ot 
" The Evils of Unequal Mar 
riages," by Edith Langdon, whic 
William H. Rideing precedes witl 
a narrative of "The Boyhood o 
Clark Russell," the famous nauti 
cal story-teller. Mrs. Henry Ware 
Beecher discusses "The Servani 
Girl Problem," and two othe: 
writers describe the lives of "Turk 
ish Women at Home," and Ger 
many's famous watering-place 
Weisbaden, as it appears in win 
ter. Other papers treat of "Young 
Men and Single Life," " Women 
in China," "Is the American Po 



?" "Our Familiar Sayings," 

iterprise in Business," while 

I Beecher closes this number of 

1 variety and interest with four 

bis sermons, revised by himself. 

e Brooklyn certainly gives its 

ders a great deal for their sub- 

iption of $2 a year, or, buyers 

single numbers, for 20 cents. 

e Brooklyn Magazine, 130-132 

.%rl Street, New York. 

-x- • 

The Kings of England. — 
e majority or young students 

1 history find not a little diffi- 
ty in remembering the order of 
;cession of the kings and queens 
England, and the approximate 
ie when each ruler was upon 

2 throne. The following little 
of mnemonic verse may help 

'em : 

10 will I Heaven seek hath rich | joys, 
'lis each || effort endeth right, | 
artily he hope employs, 
Ever reaching higher height. || 

'ort makes each || joy complete, 
olaimeth joy with zuarranty, \ 
gels gently, gladly greet f 
loodness winning victory. 

Now, if we wish to know the 
der of succession of the kings 
]d queens, let us observe the ini- 
il letters of all the words used 
] the verses, and the order in 
nich they follow each other, and 
j will find that they correspond 
th the initial letters of the 
.mes of the sovereigns in their 
der. of succession. It must, 
)wever, be noted that the word 


" with warranty" in the second 
line of the second verse of the 
mnemonic should suggest to us 
only one person ; but he ruled 
under two titles, first, jointly with 
his wife as William and Mary, 
and then, after Queen Mary's 
death as William III. Hence the 
words of the verses suggest : 

Wm., .the Conqueror, Wm, II., Henry I., 
Stephen, Henry II., Richard I., John, 
Henry III., Edward I., Edward II., 
Richard II., 
Henry IV., Henry V , Henry VI., Edward 
Edward IV., Richard III., Henry VII., 
Henry VIII. 

Edward V., Mary, Elizabeth, James I., 
Charles I., 
Charles II., James II., William and Mary 
William III., 
Anne, George I., George II., George III., 
George IV., William IV., Victoria. 

In order to tell the approxi- 
mate time when each king ruled, 
we must notice the words of the 
mnemonic that are in italics. 
These may easily be remembered 
by observing that they are the 
third words of the 1st, 2nd, 4th 
and 5th lines of the mnemonic, 
and the last words of the 1st, 2nd, 
6th and 7th lines. Of these itali- 
cized words, the first three sug- 
gest kings that began their reign 
with the century in which he 
ruled ; and the last five, kings 
whose reign closed with the cen- 
tury in which they were upon the 
throne. By noting these facts we 
can mark off the centuries in the 



mnemonic as above. These cen- 
turies extend from the nth to the 
19th, from the reign of William 
the Conqueror, 1066 to Victoria. 
— University (Va.) Magazine. 

We very much regret to lose 
the Pharos from our list of ex- 
changes. It has always been on 
time and in every instance was 
filled full of interesting matter. 
It was a valuable exchange and 
we shall miss its bright face and 
cheering words. The following 
card explains itself: 

Dear Sirs: — The Faculty of 
the University of the Pacific, hav- 
ing denied the students the privi- 
lege of expressing their opinions 
on College topics, the Pacific 
Pharos Publishing Association, be- 
lieving that a students' organ 
should be permitted to express, in 
a respectful manner, the senti- 
ments of the students, have deci- 
ded to suspend the publication of 
the Pharos indefinitely. 

Regretting the necessity of this 
action, we remain, 

Yours Truly, 
Pharos Publishing Company. 

We shall reserve our comments 
upon the action of the faculty for 
a future issue. 

* * 

Scribner's Magazine for April 

opens with the first instalment of 
the long-expected " Unpublished 
Letters of Thackeray," which more 
tljan justify the great interest 

aroused by their announcement 
These letters were written chief 
to Mrs. Brookfield, who is st: 
living in London, and her hu 
band, the late Rev. W. H. B-roo' 
field, who were among Thack 
ray's most intimate friends, an 
they are marked by a freedoj 
that is simply charming, while i 
no case do we feel that anythitt 
is made public which should n( 
praperly be revealed. The gre: 
novelist's overflowing humor ' 
everywhere apparent in the le 
ters ; they abound in shrewd an 
wise observations on men an 
things, and are especially interes 
ing for their allusions to literar 
matters, and to Thackeray's ow 
works in particular. Some of th 
letters are enlivened by origin; 
sketches, the reproduction c 
which adds much to the interes 
of the publication, and there ar 
many other illustrations, includin 
a full-page portrait of Thackera 
from the painting by Samut 

Mr. F. D. Millet contributes 
charming story- of artist life, calle 
" Tedesco's Rubina," the scene c 
which is laid in the island c 
Capri, a field affording full scop 
to his powers of artistic descrir. 

Professor A. S. Hill, of Hal 
vard, closes the number with 
short but vigorous article oi 
" English in our Colleges/' I 
which he discusses the questioi 



tvhat branches of English in- 
ction are of greatest import- 
2 to college students, and pays 
:icular attention to the meth- 
of teaching English composi- 

liss Edith M. Thomas has a 
^worthy poem, " The Quiet 
;rim," and shorter pieces of 
ie are contributed by Julia C. 
Dorr, Charles Edwin Mark- 
;.i, and Elyot Weld. 
ix-Minister Washburne con- 
ies in this number hisinterest- 
" Reminiscenses of the Siege 

Commune of Paris," with a 
king paper on the Downfall of 

Commune, which abounds in 
bhic description and anecdote. 

Of especial interest is his account 
of the imprisonment and execu- 
tion of Archbishop Darboy. The 
illustrations are of extreme inter- 
est and abundant, many of them 
being from sketches and photo- 
graphs which probably exist only 
in Mr. Washburne's possession. 

Professor W. B. Scott, of Prince- 
ton, has a valuable paper on 
"American Elephant Myths," in 
which he discusses in an extreme- 
ly interesting manner the evi- 
dence, in tradition and inscription, 
of the existence of elephants in 
America in ancient times, and re- 
counts many of the popular falla- 
cies in regard to them. 



The College World. 

Claudius Dockery. 

=Wentworth's Geometry is 
used in 350 American colleges. 

=The University of California 
has over one hundred instructors. 
The f alary of its President is 
$8,000 a year. 

=Julian University, New Or- 
leans,, has received a donation of 
$100,000 from a New York lady, 
with which it is to establish a col- 
lege for the higher education of 

=There are said to be over fifty 
applicants for the office of Presi- 
dent of Nevada University, on 
condition that the Legislature 
vote a salary of $5,000 for the po- 

=Justin McCarthy, Gen. Lew 
Wallace, Henry George, Carl 
Schurtz and James G. Blaine are 
expected to address the students 
of the University of Wisconsin 
during the spring. 

=Earlham College, at Rich- 
mond, Indiana, is probably the 
highest-toned (from a purely moral 
standpoint) institution of learning 
in the country. Itsfaculty recently 
expelled five students for attend- 
ing the play of "Richard III." 

=The marking system with 
erence to the sessions has h 
abolished at the College of IN 

^Petitioning, at the Univer: 
of Vermont, is punishable by ! 

=Mr. W. H. Walker, wh< 
raising money to build a chs 
at the University of Michie 
says: ''Five of the faculty 
Unitarians, eight are infidels, ; 
thirteen decline to express tl 
religious belief." Dr. Fitzpati 
says this is the result of a Si 
non-sectarian school. 

=Miss Van Zandt, who so 
sistently tried to marry the 
archist Spies, is a graduate 
Vassar. She has recently g! 
uated, and they say a Vassar 
never sees a man. This possi 
accounts for her strange fancy 
Spies may have been the first 
she saw when she left. 

=Father Duffy, of Brook 
has issued an order to the yo 
ladies of St. Agnes Seminary 
terdicting the bang and friz, 
insisting that the scholars s 
not make themselves look 
poodle dogs, but wear their 
plain and neatly brushed back 



=At the thirty-first annual com- 
icement, which took place on 
ch 17, of the Woman's Medi- 
3ollege of Pennsylvania, thirty 
ived diplomas. 

=Vassar, Wellesly, Smith and 
f n Mawr are the only colleges 
ng instruction to ladies alone, 
; there are in the United States 
'one hundred and fifty colleges 
,:h also admit them. The great 
;lish universities, Oxford and 
ibridge, have made arrange- 
rs by which ladies can attend 
rge number of lectures. — Ex. 

j:In speaking of the difference 
veen Yale and Harvard, Presi- 
t Dvvi^ht says : " Yale cares 
|!;he individual, Harvard for the 
litution. Yale tries to develop 
jin's character, and we should 
2 an excellent and definite 
ement as to what that charac- 
mould be. Yale tries to give 
J to the world. Harvard tries 
ive an institution to men, to 
1 them a place where they can 
;lop themselves and work out 
r own character. Harvard's 
ciple recognizes more fully the 
:rence in men. It has far less 
abilities, and is based on a 
.t confidence in human na- 

':T rouble seems to be brocding 
r ale. We clip the following 
1 the New York Times : " Al- 
ider Erskine Duncan, a grad- 
: of McGill University and a 

member of the Senior Class in the 
Yale Divinity School, has decided 
to withdraw from Yale, and in a 
day or two will return to his fami- 
ly in Baltimore, Ontario, Canada. 
He has come to the conclusion 
that statements made in the lec- 
tures of the Rev. Dr. John E. 
Russell, Winkley Professor of Bib- 
lical History, savor strongly of 
heresy, and says that others in the 
seminary are of the same opinion. 
He said to-night : 'I should have 
left Yale before to-day had I not 
thought that I had better lay the 
matter before President Dwight, 
who has been very kind to me. 
My reasons for the step I am 
about to take are now in his hands. 
I know that it is the policy of in- 
stitutions of this kind to smooth 
over difficulties of belief, but I 
have decided not to take a degree 
from men who believe in teach- 
ings striking at the fundamental 
teachings of Christianity." Mr. 
Duncan declined to state the pre- 
cise grounds upon which he differs 
from Prof. Russell, but said that 
the questions at issue were con- 
nected in a measure with those 
which arose before the Andover 
Prudential Committee in the case 
of Missionary Hume. Dr. Russell, 
he said, took very much the same 
ground as did Mr. Hume regard- 
ing the probation-after-death the- 
ory. This, however, was not the 
exact question at issue. He said 
also that Prof. Russell's orthodoxy 



was questioned last year and the 
year before. It was no new mat- 
ter in the school, according to one 
of the theological students who 
is in sympathy with Mr. Duncan. 
Other Professors than Dr. Russell 
are criticised sharply by those 
students who think that the school 
is inclined to be too liberal in its 
teachings. Prof. Russell, when 
questioned in regard to the mat- 
ter, said that he had heard of no 
dissatisfaction in the Senior Class, 
and had supposed that the men 
were unusually well settled in their 
beliefs. If any dissatisfaction ex- 
isted it was confined to a small 
number. Mr. Duncan, of course, 
was at liberty to go if he did not 
like what was taught at Yale. ' It 
is not true,' said the Professor, 
' that the Yale Seminary is in sym- 
pathy with Andover.' " 

=Garfield University will soon 
be established at Wachita, Kansas. 
The building and grounds will cost 
$200,000, of which the town gives 
$100,000 in order to have the uni- 
versity located there. This is a 
sample of Western liberality, and 
shows that the people of Wachita 
possess the characteristic "push" 
of the West. The university will 
be under the management of the 
Disciples of Christ.. 

=The Sophomore girls of Iowa 
College have immortalized them- 
selves by coming out in a uniform 
of dark blue cloth, stitched in red 

silk, made up with plaited skii 
and Norfolk blouses belted in, t 
belt-clasps bearing the figures "8| 
caps of the same blue, with r\ 
silk tassels, complete the suit. < t 

=The gift of Andrew D. Whitj 
valuable historical library to Cc 
nell is to be followed up by tl 
erection of a large library buildii 
by the University authorities ( 
the site of the signal station. T! 
building will cost several hundri 
thousand dollars, and will be o) 
of the most complete structur 
of its kind in the country. 

=It seems to be a settled fa 
that a new Catholic University 
to be established at Washingtc 
The following cable dispatch fro 
Rome to the Baltimore Sun e 
plains itself : " As anticipated, t. 
Pope to-day approved the plan : 
the new Catholic University whii 
is to be situated in Washingtc 
By his instruction, the Secreta 
of the Propaganda waited up< 
him with a brief, fully, heartily ai 
emphatically endorsing the pi 
ject. In the matter of locatio 
as in other respects, the Pope co 
fidently defers to the judgment 
the Bishops, and places the ins 
tution directly and forever und 
the sole jurisdiction of the Ami 
ican hierachy. In all the text ' 
the brief are used enthusiast 
terms of endorsement in the sac 
spirit as the language of the Pet- 
on the occasion of the private 1 




ption to the Cardinals after 
lursday's consistory, namely : 
: is the pride of our pontificate 
d the glory of the church in 
nerica.' The brief will be signed 
the Pontiff next week. Bishops 
iland and Keane are delight- 
; at this manifestation of cordial 
proval, and will leave for Amer- 
i as soon as the brief is received." 

=A Latin lexicon containing a 
t;tory of every word in the lan- 
age, beginning with the earliest 
,:ords and including the ecclesi- 
.ical writings of the Middle 
;es, is being prepared by several 
ted scholars, headed by Herr 
offlin, of Munich. It is expect- 
that this tremendous work can- 
inot be completed in less than 
enty years. 

,=The statement that "among 
i positions of honor and honor- 
le success in life, the per cent, 
i college graduates who gain 
;m increases in proportion as 
: office or place is higher or 
>re important," is supported by 
;: following: House of Repre- 
dtatives, thirty two per cent, 
[lege graduates ; United States 
iiate, forty-six; Vice-Presidents, 
y ; Speakers of House, sixty- 
~; Presidents of United States, 
ty-five ; Associate Judges of 
• preme Court, seventy-three ; 
i ief Justices of Supreme Court, 
hty- three. 

=The annual boat race between 

Oxford and Cambridge Universi- 
ties, took place March 26, over the 
usual place on the Thames — a dis- 
tance of four miles and two fur- 
longs — and was won by the Cam- 
bridge crew. Before the start 
betting was fifteen -to eight in 
favor of the Cambridge. 

=Of the 333 colleges in Ameri- 
ca, 155 pronounce Latin by the 
Roman method, 144 by the Eng- 
lish, and 34 by the Continental. 

=Fof some time past there has 
been talk of establishing a college 
for young women at Princeton, 
and recently the promoters of the 
plan met together and elected the 
following Board of Trustees : The 
Rev. VV. H. Green, the Rev. E. 
R. Craven, the Hon. T. N. Mc- 
Carter, of Newark ; the Rev, C. 
W. Hodge, the Rev. F. L. Patton, 
of the Princeton Theological Sem- 
inary ; C. A. Young, W. A. Pack- 
ard, the Rev. J. O. Murray, and 
Allan Marquand, of Princeton 
College; the Hon. A. N. Van 
Fleet, Vice-Chancellor of New 
Jersey, and Cortlandt Parker. 
The new institution will open 
next September. There will be 
two courses- -the collegiate de- 
partment and a preparatory de- 
partment. Requirements for ad- 
mission to the collegiate depart- 
ment will be the same as those of 
Princeton College. The college 
building is situated about a mile 
from the centre of the town and 



some distance back from the main 
street, from which it is secluded 
by a beautiful grove, and is oth- 
erwise admirably adapted to its 
purpose. The interior is hand- 
somely finished in modern style, 
with hard-wood floors. The class- 
rooms, library and dining-room 
are large and well-ventilated, and 
the sleeping rooms are carefully 
arranged, with every attention to 
sanitary requirements. All the 
studies of the Freshman and Soph- 
omore years except Greek will 
be required. In the two higher 
classes the regular course may be 
modified by lectures. An ad- 
vanced course in the French and 
German languages, and literature, 
maybe substituted for Greek, and 
other changes made, as in the lec- 
ture system of Princeton College. 
Opportunities have been made for 
the study of music, art, and mod- 
ern languages, with conversation 
in French and German. The Rev. 
J. H. Mcllvaine is the Principal 
of the new institution, and in- 
struction in the various studies 
will be conducted by the Profes- 
sors of Princeton College. 

= Hampden Sidney College, 
Hampden Sidney College Post 
Office, Va. — The college, is a 
Presbyterian institution that was 
established in 1776. There are 
seven professors and about one 
hundred and twenty-five students. 
Almost all of the students take 

the classical course of prescribe! 
studies. Women are not admi 
ted. A theological school andi 
preparatory school are in th 
immediate neighborhood and ai 
managed in sympathy with tlj 
college. — Ex. 

=Kenyon College, Gambiei 
Ohio. — Kenyon College has nir 
professors and about sixty sti 
dents. There are two courses, tl. 
classical and the philosophies 
each composed wholly of pr 
scribed studies. A theologic; 
seminary is connected with tr 
college. A stone building fort! 
library has been erected recentl; 
Kenyon is the most importar 
Western institution belonging t 
the Protestant Episcopal churc 

—Hanover College, Ha] 
OVER, Ind. — Hanover was foun* 
ed in 1833 and is controlled t 
the Presbyterians. Women a: 
admitted. In the college depar 
ment there are six professors an 
about ninety students. There 
also a preparatory department.- 

=University of Wooste 
WOOSTER, Ohio. — The Unive 
sity of Wooster is a Presbyteria 
institution. In the collegiate d 
partment there are fourteen i 
structors and, including wome 
about two hundred and fifty st 
dents. Degrees are conferred 



-ts, philosophy and literature, 
.'here is a large preparatory de- 
art men t. — Ex. , 

=Johns Hopkins Universi- 

\%, Baltimore, Md.— The Johns 
fopkins University is best known 
ecause of the prominence it 
ives to post-graduate study. Yet 
lere are also undergraduates, 
'here are usually about one hun- 
red and seventy-five post-gradu- 
tes, one hundred undergraduates 
nd forty or fifty special students, 
'here are forty-three instructors, 
'he institution is only ten years 
Id, and its almost immediate ad- 
ance to the front rank was due 
) its great wealth and intelligent 
lanagement. — Ex. 

—University of Kansas, 
.awrence, Kansas.— In the col- 
:ge department of the Universi- 
/ of Kansas there are about two 
undred students, one third being 
omen. Degrees arc conferred 
1 arts and in science. There is 
reat freedom in choice of studies 
fter the sophomore year. There 
re also normal, law, pharmacy, 
msic and preparatory depart- 
lents. The institution is under 
ie management of a board of 
agents appointed by the Gover- 
or of the State, and receives its 
nancial support from the sale of 
niversity lands and from appro- 
bations made by the Legisla- 
te. — Ex. 

= De Pauw University, 
GREENCASTLE, Ind. — De Pauw 
University was founded in 1837, 
and until 1884 was known as In- 
diana Asbury University. Schools 
of theology, law, music, fine arts, 
pedagogics, military science and 
horticulture have recently been 
established. The university w r as 
recently endowed by W. C. De 
Pauw, and $84,000 have been ex- 
pended on grounds, buildings and 
apparatus. The college depart- 
ment has four courses of study 
and is called the Asbury College 
of Liberal Arts. The college has 
thirteen instructors and about two 
hundred and fifty students. There 
is also a preparatory department. 
Women are admitted to all de- 
partments. Tuition is practically 
free. The aggregate number of 
students in all departments is six 
hundred and eight. — Ex. 

=Cornel'l University, Ith- 
aca, N. Y. — Cornell has about 
sixty instructors and six hundred 
students. The studies are largely 
elective. A majority of the stu- 
dents are candidates for degrees 
in arts or philosophy or science; 
but there are over two hundred 
in the courses in architecture, en- 
gineering, and agriculture. The 
university was incorporated in 
1865 and opened in 1868. It is 
not a sectarian institution, and it 
is not in any strict sense a State 
institution ; for New York's share 



of the Congressional land grant 
for agricultural colleges is not the 
principal part of the university's 
support, and the Governor and 
other public officials who have 
seats as trustees are the minority 
of that board. The university 
campus is one of the finest in the 
United States. Its chief beauties 
are the walks, drives and trees and 
the view over Lake Cayuga. — Ex. 

=Columbia College, New 
York, N. Y. — Columbia College 
is one of the wealthiest institu- 
tions in the United States, and 
also, if the students in all depart- 
ments are counted, one of the 
largest. There are one hundred 
and five instructors and about 
•fourteen hundred students. The 
school of arts has about two hun- 
dred and fifty students ; the school 
of political science, about seventy; 
the school of mines,, about two 

hundred and fifty; the school 
physicians and surgeons, about! 
five hundred ; and the law school, 
about three hundred and fifty. 
The last two are in the front rank 
of professional schools. The 
school of mines was established 
for the especial purpose of giving 
instruction in studies pertaining! 
to mining, but other lines of work 
have been added, and now the 1 
courses cover almost all branches 
of science. It has for twenty 
years been the prominent under- 
graduate department of the col- 
lege. The school of arts, founded 
in 1754, and for many years the 
only department, is now growing 
in favor, and it has recently been 
reinforced by the founding of the 
school of political science. Colum- 
bia has always been under Pro- 
testant Episcopal control, but the 1 
denominational bias is not noticed 
except in the school of arts. — Ex. 



College Record. 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

— Mr. Gabriel Utley, an old 
esident of the village and abroth- 
r of Mr. Foster Utley, died in 

: — A revival was carried on not 
jng since at the Baptist church 
-y Rev. E. S. Alderman and we 
re glad to say with happy re- 
mits, several of the students pro- 
jssing faith in Christ. Towards 
"he end of March Mr. Alderman 
^signed his pastorate here and is 

ow in Louisville, Ky. 
—The winner of the Phi. deba- 

;r's medal this year was St. Clair 

Jester, '87. S. M. Blount, 90 re- 

eived the declaimer's. The 

ledals were not decided by an 

lection but by a committee which 

onsisted of Professor Winston, 

'.61. W. H. S. Burgwyn, of Hen- 

erson and C. B. Aycock, of 


— The Senior class will have its 
iass day on May 2d. The offi- 
2rs are : Orator, Claudius Dock- 
ry ; Historian, Haywood Parker ; 
rophet, H. R. Starbuck ; Poet, 
.. T. Burwell; Marshal, C. F." 
mith. [This was the programme, 
ut the "no holiday" of the Fac- 
Ity has nipped the play.] 

—March 22d, Prof. Ralph H. 
Graves delivered a lecture enti- 
tled " X+Y." It was a sketch of 
the rise and progress of the study 
of Mathematics and the physical 
sciences from the days of Aris- 
tarcus to Hipparchus. 

— There have been some 200 
books recently added to the libra- 
ries, many of them new and valu- 
able. The reading room is fre- 
quented much and with a few 
exceptions the conduct of the stu- 
dents is very good, but a few. will 
forget all the rules of decency, 
propriety and honesty and cut out 
the pictures from Puck and Judge 
when it is intended for them to 
be bound and placed in the libra- 
ry, a few carry off some of the 
dailies and some a magazine or 
two. This ought to be stopped. 
The room is open all day to all 
and this very confidence placed in 
the students ought to command 
respect.. If it gets none it will be 
necessary to open the room only 
at certain hours and employ some 
one to keep the files. This will 
be a cost to the University and 
inconvenience to the students, so 
let us respect the room as it 
should be. 



Methodist Church. — The work 
on the new Methodist church has 
commenced in earnest and the 
pastor Rev. J. R. Griffith, hopes 
to have it done by next Novem- 
ber. He is a man of energy, pluck 
and perseverance, and we wish 
him all success. This church will 
be for the whole State and not for 
this village alone and for this 
reason it is the duty of all North 
Carolinians to help in its erection. 
The people of the State make use 
of it in person of their sons and 
so send in your contribution at 
once and if the pastor writes you 
don't send him about twelve pages 
of foolscap saying why you cant 
and that you would like to give 
but send your check for five dol- 
lars and it will do both parties a 
far greater amount of good. 

Italian Class.— A class has been 
organized in Italian and Professor 
Schmidt is the teacher. This is 
perhaps the first class of the kind 
in the State, certainly at the Uni- 
versity. We are nearly a hundred 
years old and it seems to us that 
it is about time for us to make 
some progress in regard to the 
modern languages, until two years 
ago they never had any showing 
at all and now the University, 
thanks to a niggardly, ignorant 
Legislature, is too poor to make 
an appropriation of twenty dollars 
for instruction in Italian from 

now until June! We know of! 
three or four men who are study- 
ing Spanish privately, simply be- 
cause they have no one to instruct! 
tbem. This sounds rather humili-i 
ating to a " Tar Heel" to a son: 
of the " Grand Old North 
STATE." If it is our good fortune 
to secure in 1889 a Legislature! 
with one grain of common sense, 
and if in the meantime we can get 
clear of a few hundreds of the 
cranks who are groaning under 
the onerous tax of eight cents on 
the one thousand dollars of prop- 
erty in the State we may be able 
to present to coming classes the 
beautiful Castilian language and 
the smoothly flowing Italian as 
well as French and German. 

Col. Saunders. — The Philan- 
thropic Society was recently the 
recipient of a life size portrait, of 
Col. William L. Saunders, Secre- 
tary of State, presented by him- 
self. The picture is done in oil 
and W. Garl Browne, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, is the artist. Col. 
Saunders is a member of the class 
of 1854, and hailed from Orange 
county, N. C, studied law and 
practised in Salisbury until the 
war began when he entered the. 
C. S. A. as a private and rose to 
'therankof Colonel, having received 
two severe wounds. After the 
war he planted in Florida until 
1870, and then became editor of 



he Wilmington Journal and in 
876 of the Raleigh Observer, was 
.ppoihted Secretary of State on 
he death of Maj. Joseph C. Engle- 
lard in 1879, elected in 1880 and 
e-electedin 1884, is Secretary of 
■he Board of Trustees of the Uni- 
versity and is untiring in his devo- 
ion to his Alma Mater and to his 
Society. May he live long and 

Shakespeare Club.— The meet- 

ng of March 16th was largely at- 
ended, many ladies being pres- 

The comedy of Merchant of 
Venice was discussed by the fol- 
'owing : 

Burwell — Shylock compared 
vith Barabbas the Tew of Malta. 

Wilkinson — Antonio. 

Johnson — Remarks on Portia. 

McAlister — The two Portias. 

Baker — Portia, the ideal woman. 

Dr. Battle — Why a young girl 
:ould impersonate a judge. 

Davis — Remarks on Portia. 

Dr. Hume — -Contrasts of char- 
acters. The high and low love 

Professor Winston addressed 
:he Club on March 30th, his sub- 
ject being Iago vs. Goethe's 

Wednesday, April 6th, 1887. 

Dr. Henry E. Shepherd, of 
Charleston, S. C, and Mr. T. B. 
Kingsbury, of Wilmington, N. C, 

were elected honorary members. 
On recommendation of the Exec- 
utive Committee, it was agreed to 
have associate members. Mr. E. 
P. Mangum was elected an asso- 
ciate member. 

The subject for April 20th is 
Shakespeare's Sonnets. 

Midsummer Night's Dream was 
then discussed. 

Parker H. — The dreams within 
the dream. 

Davis — Helena. 

Hester — Bottom. 

Dr. Shepherd — The practical 
points of the play and upon invi- 
tation suggested some excellent 
lines of study on the Sonnets. 

Dr. Manning-- Encouraged Club 
in its work. 

Professor Winston — The Pur- 
port of the Drama — and how acted 
on German stage. 

The Club adjourns after one 
more meeting. 

The Secretary read a criticism 
of Mr. E. P. Mangum on the 

University Lecture. — March 
26th, Professor Eben Alexander 
delivered the " University Lec- 
ture" for the month and his sub- 
ject was " Mythology and Folk 
Lore." He discussed carefully 
some of the various myths and 
fables which we hear in every day 
life, showing how they at first had 
a real meaning, and that this was 

3 66 


gradually lost and forgotten. 
Then he took up some of the 
most prominent features of Greek 
and Roman mythology, traced 
them back and showed them to 
be not only the common inheri- 
tance of the Aryan races but also 
of- the world, that at first they ex- 
plained and referred to the forces 
of nature, then lost their original 
ideas and came to have a literal 
meaning ; and that this was not 
due, as Max Mueller thinks, to a 
disease of language, but to a 
method of thought which is com- 
mon to all races. He showed how 
efforts had been made to identify 
Napoleon with the sun god Apol- 
lo, how in future Gladstone would 
be shown to be a myth, and then 
went into an inductive argument 
to show there was no such person 
as Zeb. Vance. The lecture was 
very interesting and instructive, 
and at times highly amusing. 

Elisha Mitchell Scientific So- 
ciety. — The March meeting was 
presided over by Prof. Holmes. 
Forty-seven present. The Secre- 
tary read a paper presented by 
Dr. H. Carrington Bolton on 

(previously published in a foreign 
journal). This paper outlined the 
history of the belief in ever-burn- 
ing lamps, and gave many of the 
most noteworthy legends concern- 

ing them. The wide-spread and! 
persistent nature of this supersti- 
tion were pointed out. Some of 
the ancient recipes for the fluid 
and wick to be used in these lamps 
were mentioned. A list of au- 
thorities in the controversy con- 
cerning them was also given, and! 
some of the suggestions offered, 
in early times explaining such per- 
petual combustion. 

was then described by Dr. Vena- 
ble — one stumbled upon by him 
in the course of his class-work. A 
solution of Cobalt nitrate in strong 
hydrochloric acid is blue. The 
addition of a small amount of fer- 
ric salt changes this to green. 
This test is distinct for TT)1 5 3 OTnr of 
iron. Ferrous salts do not give 
it. It is especially useful for de- 
tecting iron in strong acids. 

Dr. Phillips read the first of a 
series of articles on 

The sample was taken from the 
pan just before dumping, closely 
bottled, cooled, and examined at 
once, and for twelve consecutive 
weeks thereafter. Besides the or- 
dinary ingredients, free phospho- 
ric acid was also determined, and 
the phosphoric acid present as 
mono-caleric phosphate. Tables 
were given showing the changes 
in soluble, insoluble, reverted and 
free phosphoric acid. 

The members present asked Dr. 



hillips several questions as to 

lis investigation. 

. There was also exhibited a spe- 

men of the Lenoir county 

ceived from Mr. Donald MacRae, 

: Wilmington. Dr. Phillips said 
.iat the stone, in its ordinary con- 
tion, absorbed 27 p. c. of its 
,eight of water, and this might 
xount for its virtue as a mad- 


In this paper, by Prof. Holmes, 
e temperatures of a number of 
ations located in different parts 
the State were presented, and 
ow the following averages : 
Dast Division, 6i°F.; Eastern 
ivision, 59 5 V ; Middle Division, 

6 V ; Piedmont Division, 57 ; 
ountain Division, 52 6\ The 
nual temperature at Smithville, 
eraged from 28 years of obser- 
tions, was given at 65 ; at 
lapel Hill, 33 years observa- 

pns, 59 ; at Asheville, 1 1 years 
hservations, 54 . The highest 

mperature on record at stations 

the State are : At Raleigh, 

'8° ; and at Chapel Hill, 105 in 

68. The lowest on record are : 

1 Lenoir, — 16 , December, 1880; 
.d Murphy, — 16 , January, 1877. 

Sixteen Strong. — On Tuesday, 
,arch 15, a few of our students 

assembled to discuss the propriety 
of organizing a minstrel troupe, 
and those present were so enthu- 
siastic that they determined to 
give an entertainment on the fol- 
lowing Thursday evening; so after 
two rehearsals, they performed be- 
fore a crowded house in Natural 
History Hall, and the following is 
their programme : 
(1.) Overture — Medley, by troupe. 
(2.) Jokes, by End Men. 
(3.) Solo, by Hester. 
(4.) Dance, by Battle W. S., and 

Winborne and Hackett. 
(5.) Song, by Battle G. and W. S. 
(6.) Sermon, by Hackett. 
(7.) Recitation, by Wilson J. 
(8.) Mock arrest and trial, by End 

Men and Eure. 
(9.) Banjo, by Hogan. 
(10.) Chorus, by troupe, who march 

off stage. 

(1.) Song, and Jokes by End Men 

and Interlocutor. 
(2.) Shuffle, by W T inborne. 
(3.) Duet, by Battle G. and W. S. 
(4.) Banjo, by Hogan. 
(6.) Shaving scene, by Winborne, 

Hackett, Eure and Wilson, J. 
(7.) Mock Shakespeare Club. 

The whole troupe participated 
in the act of Julius Caesar, which 
had been previously discussed by 
the Shakespeare Club. Wilson (as 
Secretary Grissom) nominated for 
President, McDonald (us Dr. 
Hume), who in turn appointed 
him Secretary. End Men : Same 



old quill Hume and Grissom, run- 
ning Shakspeare Club. McDonald 
thanks the Club for this unexpect- 
ed honor. Hackett (Dr. Phillips) 
moved that we consider the play 
of Julius Caesar. Long (as H. 
Parker), Hackett (as Phillips), 
Hester (as Winston), and Scott 
(as McDonald) discussed the va- 
rious characters, each mimicing 
well his own man. 

Behind a thick coat of blacking, 
every one exhibited his talents, 
cheek, etc.. and all present will 
testify that they spent a pleasant 
evening, and are indebted to the 
actors for their efforts, which do 
not go unappreciated.- Proceeds 
to the Shakspeare Club. The 
troupe appeared in Chapel Hill 
Easter and the proceeds went to- 
wards buying costumes for its 
members, who will show in Dur- 
ham, April 29, for the benefit of 
the Methodist Church. 

List of A mateurs — Hester, Gris- 
som. and Shaw A. B., stage, door 
and floor managers; McDonald, 
Interlocutor; Scott, Bones; Wil- 
liams, Tambo ; Wilson J., Battle 
G., Battle W. S , Winborne, Par- 
ker F., Hackett, Long, Edgerton, 
Green, Cates, Hogan, Eure, Bra- 
gaw, Smith K. 

Y. M. C A.— Mr. H. O. Wil- 
liams, the State Secretary era- 
ployed by the Executive Commit- 
tee of the Y. M. C. A. of North 
Carolina, was with us March 19 

and 20. We regret that he could 
stay no longer. He had visited 
Charlotte, Asheville, Davidsor 
College, and other points in the 
State, before coming here, and 
was then to visit Durham, Raleigh 
and New Berne. His work ha: 
met with success ; in Charlotte; 
by his efforts, nearly $1,200 was 
raised to employ a General Secre 
tary, and $4,000 was subscribec 
towards erecting a ten-thousand 
dollar building. On the Saturday 
night spent here he made at 
informal talk to the Associatior 
and students generally, on th( 
need of personal work, and or 1 
Sunday evening, in the chapel, h< 
sketched to a general audience trW 
fourfold work the Associations art 
doing in the physical, intellectual 
moral and spiritual world. Hi 
words were deep and earnest. H< 
also made a plea in behalf of tin 
Association here, asking the ladies 
help in fitting up it shall. This i: 
much needed ; a carpet, a chan 
delier, papered walls, and a bette 
arrangement of benches, wouk 
do much towards increasing the at 
tractiveness of the hall. The ladie 
have promised to assist in decora 
ting and adorning. 

Not long since Presidei 
kindly loaned the Association tin 
use of the organ belonging to tlv 
University. Mr. Harry Darnal 
class '90 is the organist, and wit) 
an increase in the quantity an< 
quality of the music, the attend 
ance has increased. 

n decora 
:nt Battl. 



;The Association sent a delega- 

on of four to the late Convention 

, Raleigh, April I— 3. They were 

r. M. Curtis, D. J. Currie, H. 

. Harris and Stephen B. Weeks. 

hey report a pleasant and suc- 

..'ssful meeting. There were about 

lirty delegates in attendance, 

.'presenting three college and 

tven local Associations. Mr. 

Williams was there, as were E. T. 

)admun, General Secretary for the 

forfolk (Va.) Association ; R. E. 

/urner, editor of The Christian 

T oice, Norfolk, Va., the official 

rgan of the Virginia Associations 

nd now of our State also, and 

l.M. Ingham, of Brattleboro, Vt., 

;ho is to be the General Secreta- 

y for Charlotte. The meetings 

/ere held in the First Baptist 

hurch, and many of the delegates 

/ere enthusiastic and earnest. 

"hree hundred and fifty-nine dol- 

irs was raised for the State work 

or the present year, and the va- 

ancies in the Executive Commit- 

ee were filled. 

The opening address was made 
•y Rev. Robert Strange, pastor of 
he Church of the Good Shepherd, 
nd was replied to by Rev. W. R. 
Vtkinson, of Charlotte. The mem- 
•ers of the Ladies' Auxiliary, gave 
he delegates a very warm recep- 
ion at the Association rooms the 
:vening of their arrival. A supper 
>f ice-cream and cake, together 
vith other articles of a more sub- 
tantial character, were served and 
vere enjoyed by all present. 


Steps were taken to raise money 
for employing a General Secretary 
for the Raleigh Association, and 
$384 was raised on his salary. 

The earnestness of Dadmun, 
Ingham, Williams, E. L. Harris, 
and others, had a good effect, and 
the delegates went away from 
there fully determined to do more 
in the Master's service. 

We were pleased to see the great 
improvements in the Raleigh As- 
sociation. It has come out with 
new life, and has a long career of 
usefulness before it. New rooms 
on the second floor of a new build- 
ing on Fayetteville street have 
been secured and nicely fitted up. 
One is used as a reception room, 
one as a parlor, and the other as a 
gymnasium. The Association is 
much indebted to the active, earn- 
est Christian ladies of the city for 
their present comforts. We shall 
be very glad to see the ladies of 
Chapel Hill come to our assistance 
here, as they have promised to do. 

Henry Asbury Wilson, a mem- 
ber of the Freshman class depart- 
ed this life in room No. 13, Old 
West Building at half past six 
o'clock, Friday evening, March 
1 8th, was from Yadkin county, 
and eighteen and a half years old, 
had been sick a few days of a cold 
and was improving when a sudden 
relapse brought on congestion of 
the lungs and this soon carried 
him off. He was a bright boy, a 



good student, very quiet and well- 
behaved in his manners, and no 
one had any fault to find with him. 
He had professed a faith in Christ 
only a few days before, and per- 
haps our Father in mercy took 
him while he was pure and un- 
spotted by the sins of earth. His 
death was unexpected, and for 
that reason should be the greater 
reminder to us that ever in life we 
are in death. 

The Societies met and passed 
resolutions of respect and appoint 
ed an escort to accompany the 
body home, the Di. (of which he 
was a member) sending C. P. Rob- 
inson, '90, the Phi., C. D. Brad- 
ham, '90. 

Funeral services were held in 
the chapel. The coffin, decked 
with flowers, was borne in by six 
of his class-mates — Collins, H. 
Shaw, and Miller (Phi.), Bellamy, 
Redfearn, and Valentine (Di.) 
The choir sang " I Would Not 
Live Alway," Rev. Joseph R. 
Griffith offered a short prayer, and 
Dr. Hume read the Bible. After 
the exercises were finished the 
Faculty and students followed the 
cortege to the depot, and there 
took their last farewell. 

Dr. Hume read I. Cor., chapter 
15, and then said : 

" It seems to have fallen to my 
lot to say just one word here, but 
it is a word of hope and comfort 
for us. 'The righteous hath hope 
jn his death :' there is none right- 

eous, by nature — no, not one ; ye 
there is a perfect merit in th 
Lord our righteousness — the Sa 
vior and Elder Brother of man 
We feel as if we could stand, as i 
we were righteous. And to-da; 
we can plant a flower of immorta 
hope on the grave of this our fel 

" It was my pleasure to see him 
a few days ago, when we had n< 
thought of death. I said to hin 
in a natural way : ' I suppose yoi 
take the opportunity to thinl 
while you are lying here ? It is . 
blessed chance. The Lord some 
times lays us aside so as to allo\ 
us to think, and to speak to us ii 
that still small voice.' He sai< 
he had intended to go to his horn 
soon, and ask his uncle (who is ; 
minister) to baptize him and intrc 
duce him into the church, for h 
thought he had a Christian expt 
rience. It was a perfectly joyfu 
and hopeful interview. And so i 
is a great comfort to feel that thii 
young man is laid aside, leaving 
this legacy of a young life livec 
in faith and love, and of word 
charged with a strong purpose t^ 
serve his God. My friends an< 
students, it is a sudden stroke 
Let us ' Hear the voice of the roc 
and of Him who hath appointee 
it.' God has come into the mids 
of us. His steps have been hearc 
several times; recently. We hav< 
had many reminders that H< 
would speak face to face with ou 



souls. Let us not defeat His mer- 
ciful severity. But let us remem- 
ber, that as the ancients thought 
that the ocean surrounded the 
earth, so His eternal invitations 
and influence surround us all the 
time. May we listen to this voice, 
the message of this silent face, 
;cold in death, more eloquent than 
[any words of mine ; and may we 
be won to Christ. 

" We send out our Christian 
sympathy to the widowed mother 
and children of the household. 
We do not believe our friend's ed- 
ucation has ceased. No ; in the 

school of Heaven, his Eternal 
Father will teach him. I remem- 
ber how honorable and gentle he 
was ; how his upturned face shone 
bright and always responded in 
.advance. How often he would 
come, with modesty, to ask some 
question and get fresher informa- 
tion ! God has him now, we trust, 
and is making him wiser ; and 
through the great teacher, Death, 
he is learning in these few hours 
of eternity more than all our 
earthly philosophy can bring us 
for vears to come here." 


Fashionable Clothirx 

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White Vests, Fancy 
Cas. Pants, Nobby 
Style Walking 
2>. B. Coats 
and Vests, Fur- 
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Collars and Cuffs, &c, Sc, &c. 

Hand Sswed Shoes, 

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Suits to Measure a Speealty, 





Suits to Measure a Specialty! 

Gents' Furnishing Goods & Fine Shoes, 





A full line of Drugs. The best assortment of Soaps, Perfumes 
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I am always glad to see you and will give you the very lowes' 




Published Daily at $7.00 per annum. $4.00 Six Months. 




The Latest News, Political and General, from all parts of the World, Condensed anc 
Arranged in the most Attractive Form. Advertising Rates Reasonable. Address, 

WM. H. BERNARD, Editor and Proprietor, Wilmington, N. C. 


niversity Magazine, 

May, 1887. 

Old Series Vol. XIX. 
New Series Vol. VI. 


No. 9. 


Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 


Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. "Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 


Travel abroad and inotherStates 
convinces one that the Sabbath is 
observed nowhere with more punc- 
tiliousness than in North Carolina. 
The regulations of society compel 
men in a measure to abstain from 
work, and the day is spent in rest 
jand quiet if not in devotional ex- 
'ercise. Public opinion and the 
laws of the State demand its re- 

Imagine, then, the feelings of a 
young Tar-Heel, never before out- 
side the boundaries of old North 
Carolina, where obedience to the 
fourth commandment is taught 

to be a matter of necessity and 
not of choice, when he lands early 
Sunday morning in the great city 
of St. Louis. Like a new legisla- 
tor when he first goes to Raleigh, 
he wishes to see the sights the first 
thing. With this in view, having 
no definite plan, he boards a street- 
car with the intention of riding 
out five cents. Miles of crowded 
streets are gone over; busses, 
drays, cabs and hurrying men rush 
past ; collision every moment seems 
imminent ; accidents are always 
just on the point of; 
while the eye grows weary of look- 



ing, and the ear becomes deafened 
by noise. Our hero rides to the 
end of the line, where a transfer 
ticket is given him, and he finds 
he is still entitled to a second ride 
on another line twice as long as 
the first. 

' After paying fifty cents to ride 
a mile in Chapel Hill, he feels as 
if acting the dead-beat by taking 
all his nickle had paid for; so he 
"alights at the entrance of the 
Zoological Garden and enters on 
paying twenty-five cents. Here 
he sees more animals, elephants, 
monkeys, lions, tigers, parrots, etc., 
than are exhibited in four shows 
like John Robinson's. Ladies and 
gentlemen, nurses and children 
parade the graveled walks, admire 
the graceful swans swimming on 
the artificial lake, and the little 
fishes darting after crumbs be- 
neath the surface ; tempt the bears 
with biscuits and feed the monkeys 
with apples. All seem to be out 
on a pic-nic listening to the music 
of the band. 

In search of further adventure, 
we find him presently gazing in 
open-mouthed wonder at the most 
imposing edifice in the city — the 
Exposition Building. The stream 
of people continually pouring in 
the entrance attracts him, and soon 
he finds himself within the great 
hall. A group of preachers and a 
picked choir sit on the stage in 
front of a wonderful organ with 
three different rows of keys and 

as large as an ordinary dwelling 
house ; the parquet, dress circle 
and galleries are crowded wit 
men, women, and children, whil 
from the highest point of the coi 
vex ceiling hangs a bouquet c 
electric jets, shedding a dazzlin 
brightness over the sea of humar 
ity below. A brilliant scene i 
was. After a prayer and hymn, 
tall, lank, sun-burnt man arose an 
began to talk. He proved to b 
none other than the original an 
only Sam Jones, of Georgia. H 
seemed to be kind o' feeling hi 
audience as if to find out wha 
sort of stuff it was made of at firs 
But he found out pretty soon, an 
then he tightened up his armo 
pushed up his sleeve, and opene 
his revival battery on the sinnei 
and back-sliders of the congreg; 
tion. His shots flew wide of th 
mark at first; but as the firin 
grew faster, his aim became moi 
steady and began to tell. The aj 
plause was now loud and frequen 
roar after roar of laughter woul 
answer his slightest sign, his bacl 
woods slang and rail-splitting ge, 
tures were too much for the dis; 
nity and prejudice of those wh 
had come mostly from curiosit 
to hear him. All boisterously 'e: 
pressed their appreciation. Thej 
he changed his tactics ; he pitche[ 
into the sinners with gloves off 
he dealt them sledge- hammtj 
blows on top of the head till th 
hardest shell was cracked, til 



blindest eye could see, and all be- 
gan crying for mercy together. 
Every drop of Methodist-shouting 
blood was aroused in our hero, 
and being able to stand the pres- 
sure no longer, and afraid to dis- 
play his enthusiasm before so 
many people, he went for the 
street on a run, convinced he'd 
Been the biggest show in all St. 
i>ouis. Outside the news-boys 
Jgvere selling papers, the postmen 
carrying the mails, masons laying 
brick, carpenters building houses, 
fakirs inviting purchasers, and the 
Stores open and selling. Bar-rooms 
stood temptingly at every corner ; 
entering one, our best Sunday- 
school boy in North Carolina was 
conducted through several alleys 
into a handsome room where men 
were betting on a horse-race then 
going on in New Orleans, and dis- 
cussing abiggameof baseball tobe- 
gin in a few moments between the 
St. Louis Browns and the Chica- 
gos, for the championship of Amer- 
ica. Not long after, the crowd 
adjourned to the grounds. On 
payment of fifty cents, they enter 
a large inclosed square, in one 
corner of which, behind the catch- 
er's stand, stood a large covered 
building packed with men. About 
ten thousand people had assem- 
bled to see the game. They ate 
peanuts, bit apples, and yelled 
themselves hoarse when a good 
play was made. Although the 
professionals conducted the game 

in a splendid way, and it is very 
interesting to see a truly scientific 
game, the presence of so many 
toughs and a thirst for scenes 
anew, caused our hero to leave at 
the third inning. Not more than 
four blocks away, a brass-band had 
attracted a large crowd to a tall 
building painted in many colors 
and decked with fluttering flags 
from side-walk to roof. Pay ten 
cents and you are entitled to see 
all the sights in the Museum — the 
fat woman, the skeleton, the mon- 
keys, the performing birds, the 
missing link, the tatooed girl, the 
educated dog, the giant, the trunk 
in which Maxwell's body was 
found, the man-fish, all claim your 
attention on one floor; then you 
are invited down stairs where a 
stage performance, consisting of 
songs, dances, tricks, and a farce 
concludes an hour and a half's en- 
tertainment, all for a dime. Our 
rover new resumes his journey. 

When night was closing in over 
the great city and its lamps were 
being lighted one by one, he 
was speeding away towards the 
far West, then only wrapped in 
the loneliness of his own thoughts, 
did it occur to him that the day 
just passed was the day he had 
been taught from childhood to 
honor and keep holy. Sunday 
seems to get lost in St. Louis. If 
you have forgotten or have not 
a calendar handy, you would 
never know when the dav of rest 



comes. You could certainly not 
tell from the appearance or action 
of those around you. Everybody 
looks busy, the cars and drays are 
running, the shops and marts of 
trade are open, the theatres and 
places of pleasure attract you as 
you pass along, and every kind of 
work goes on as usual. Ask a 
man what's to-day, invariably he'll 
tell you the date of the month. 
The days of the week are not in 
his schedule. A leading dry-goods 
merchant closes his store Sundays, 
and though he neither belongs to 
nor attends any church, business 
men call him a religious man. 

That there is a brighter side to 
her Sunday life is not to be dis- 
puted. Several splendid churches 
and many good men are to be 
found within her limits, but the 
fact remains that Sabbath-break- 
ing is more honored in the breach 
than in the observance. This is 
largely due to her large foreign 
population. All the "ists" that 
harrass and conspire against the 
governments of Europe have fol- 
lowers here. Little do they care 
for American institutions, and still 
less for a day of praise and thanks- 
giving. The Jew goes to his pawn- 
shop, the German seeks his beer- 
garden, the Swede dissatisfied 
sweeps the street or cleans out 
the gutter, the Italian plays his 
organ or stands at his fruit-stand 
thinking notatallof theday, intent 
only on gain. With the Ameri- 

cans it is different ; they, as a rul< 
nominally at least, observe th 
Sabbath. And in that part of th 
city where the handsomest res 
dences are, everything is as beai 
tiful and decorous as one coul 
desire. The foreign element i 
our large cities is a power threa 
ening our country, and a moment 
reflection will bring to our mine 
the conviction that this unr< 
stricted immigration is a source c 
great evil, and that it would b 
wiser for our missionary societie 
to turn their efforts more towarc 
the heathen at home than to thj 
distant fields of China or theislanc 
of the South Sea. 

A fine Sunday morning the B<| 
hemian Tar-Heel turns up agai'i 
in New Orleans, the Crescent Cit] 
the metropolis of the South. Th 
great annual firemen's parade he 
been arranged to takes place t< 
day. New Orleans take gre; 
pride in her fire department. ] 
is entirely a volunteer service ; th 
best men in the city belong to i 
different companies, and, in facj 
it is quite the thing. They havi 
elegant club-houses, and no ma 
has any social position unless fcj 
is a fireman. To resume our nai 
rative. The engines, trucks anj 
hose-carts, decorated profusely i| 
the most fanciful and artistic dj 
signs of bunting and flowers, fort 
on Canal street, the principal tho 
oughfare of the city. Troop aftq 
troop of men fall into their r 



spective places, each headed by a 
brass-band or drum-corps, and the 
fine of march begins. To see the 
procession as it went past a gal- 
lery on Magazine street was truly 
a grand scene. From where it 
turned into the street the eye 
could follow it to where it wheeled 
cnce again into Canal, one un- 
broken line moving with even 
step of brilliantly uniformed men, 
glittering engines hidden com- 
pletely in some instances by the 
floral decorations, proudly-step- 
ing steeds in gorgeous trappings, 
with hoofs gilded specially for the 
occasion, embroidered banners and 
silken flags fluttering in the breeze, 
while a dense mass of human be- 
ings fill the galleries, porticoes and 
windows overhead and the side- 
walks below, making the passage 
of the procession a matter of dif- 
ficulty in many cases. Everybody 
turns out to see it, the descendant 
of the Spanish grandee, the ver- 
satile Frenchman, the dark-skinned 
Creole, the union of the two, the 
enterprising American, the delight- 
ed Negro, all meet here on com- 
mon ground. Sunday is not forgot- 
ten here — oh, no ! It is the day of 
idleness, recreation and pleasure ; 
the holiday of the week; the day 
specially appointed for the great- 
est celebration that takes place in 
the year. The shops are open, 
restaurants and coffee-houses are 
more than usually splendid, the 
theatre more numerously and 

eagerly frequented than on other 
days ; it is the chosen time for 
military reviews, the inaugura- 
tion of public buildings and pub- 
lic festivals ; the day for excur- 
sions, balls, promenades, concerts, 
and festivities of all sorts. With 
the Creoles is this especially true. 
After those hours the church of 
Rome claims for her service, they 
devote themselves to the celebra- 
tion of the day with sport and 
pleasure. As the business of the 
day closes, parties begin to as- 
semble with music and song and 
evening gathers with its votaries 
of gaming, and dancing, and folly. 
No one knows anything of New 
Orleans life unless he has walked 
the streets under the glare of the 
electric lights. If such a term 
can be used without irreverence, 
she can boast of being the para- 
dise of gamblers. Starting with 
theLouisiana State Lottery, which 
holds the biggest stakes and is the 
mostnotedof the gamingcombina- 
tions, they descend in successive 
grades till the lowest dives are 
reached, where negroes play seven- 
up for a three-cent glass of beer. 
Royal street is headquarters; some 
of the most splendid gambling- 
halls in the world are to be found 
there. Enter No. 12, denominated 
" The House," you see four or five 
hundred men, most of whom are 
seated at a table placingbuttons on 
cards before them as a man calls 
monotonouslythenumbersof little 



balls taken successively from a re- 
volving wheel at one end of the 
hall. This is keno, the most pop- 
ular game, which you can play for 
five cents per card. Around the 
sides are others betting at chuck- 
a-luck, roulette, and twenty-one. 
White-aproned waiters are con- 
stantly coming in with beer, whis- 
keys, and wine, in their salvers, 
which they place before any of 
the players giving them a sign. 
Cigars, drinks and ice all to be 
had at the asking, without thanks 
or money. A corridor leads you 
across to No. 18, called " The 
Senate," where poker and faro are 
to be found in addition to the 
games in " The House." The 
stakes are heavier, the winnings 
and losses greater, the drinks 
finer and stronger, the fixtures of 
the finest wood ; everything here 
has a powerful fascination which 
wrecks fortunes and lures men to 
destruction. You go out intoxi- 
cated by a small winning and 
crazed by a heavy loss. Down a 
little further you come to the 
dancing halls, the variety shows, 
and beer garden. Here women, 
some of them young and beauti- 
ful, dancing in semi-nudity, before 
drunken toughs and rowdies, curse 
and use obscene language over 
their glasses with them, and solicit 
trade as " beer-slingers " for the 
bar, which is usually run in con- 
nection with the stage manage- 

Pitiable picture this. Woman, 
sweet type of the angels, degraded 

and profaning the Sabbath. W 
turn in sadness from the prospec 

" O, woman, men's subduers ! 
Nature's extreme L no mean is to be had, 
Excellent good or infinitely bad." 

While New Orleans has nevt 
been called a straight-laced cit] 
and though her Sundays are c 
the continental type, her recoi 
shows little crime, and her peop 
are happy and law-abiding. Sh 
is free from the socialistic agno 
ticism which flaunts itself in th 
face of law and order in St. Loui 
Chicago, and Cincinnati. An 
there are many reasons for the 
lax . observance of the Sabbatl 
The French influence, the Romis 
church, the inherited love of plea 
ure,the custom handed down froi 
father to son, are among th 
causes. The State of Louisian 
has made repeated efforts to fore 
a Sunday law on her, but Ne 
Orleans has strength to defeat th 
rest of the State at the polls, an 
money and influence sufficient t 
control the Legislature. Thei 
seems to be an inherited dispos 
tion in her people to resist an 
movement tending to interfei 
with their manner of spending th 
Sabbath. Though we in Nort 
Carolina are behind in many thing 
we should be content to remail 
so in this respect, and should fe( 
thankful that the holy Sabbath 
still observed among us with quitj 
and devotion. 

Who keep the Sabbath as God comman« 

does well, 
What they that choose their Sabbath do, wl 

can tell ? 

St. Clair Hester. 





Standing as we do today, at 
;he close of so many centuries of 
strife and discord, of mad clamor 
ind bloodshed, while the waning 
ight of the nineteenth century is 
ast disappearing before the glo- 
•ious dawn of the twentieth, we 
ire tempted to exclaim, "What 
)rogress ! What are our possibil- 
ties ?" And when we contemplate 
he mighty forces that have been 
subjugated, the startling changes 
:hat have been wrought upon the 
ace of nature even in the past 
ew decades, we are lost in amaze- 

■Mature, with her lofty barriers, 
las not been able to restrain man 
torn his ambitious designs, but, 
juided by intellect and the accu- 
mulated wisdom of the ages, he 
las marched proudly on, subdu- 
ng with a master hand the seem- 
ng impossibilities that beset his 
vay. The earth has opened her 
)osom and laid bare her dazzling 
reasures ; the mermaid's home 
las yielded its wealth of shell and 
>earl; the sparkling raindrops now 
ransport the commerce of every 
and ; and even the electric spark 
las descended from its cloudland 
lome to bear the messages of 

In all these achievements, in all 
hese wonder-working changes, the 
>eople of the United States have 

taken a prominent, yes, a leading 
part. Young though we are in 
years as a national government, 
young even in known geographi- 
cal existence as a part of the globe, 
still the great lessons from the 
book of time and human expe- 
rience have not been written in 
vain for us. Our sons have read, 
heeded and gone forward to a 
higher and nobler plane of thought 
and action. From the highways 
of civilization the wisdom of the 
dim past has been gathered to en- 
rich our store of example and ex- 
perience. From the catacombs of 
buried slaves came the echoing 
wail of millions of fettered souls 
that had passed their lives in 
bondage, and exerting its influ- 
ence upon our institutions has 
given us a government the no- 
blest the freest the world has ever 

Our national and material de- 
velopment and our extension of 
territory have kept pace with the 
march of time, and now, only one 
hundred and ten years after our 
first existence as a national gov- 
ernment, the fame of our free in- 
stitutions and rapid advancement 
has encircled the earth, exciting 
the wonder and envy of aged and 
stagnant kingdoms. We began 
with a few scanty settlements 
along the Atlantic coast-line, but 



to-day are a mighty nation with a 
vast expanse of territory stretch- 
ing from ocean to ocean, and from 
frozen lands on the north to al- 
most burning lands on the south, 
embracing more square miles of 
territory than Rome, " imperial 
Rome," ruled over in her palmiest 
days, after more than seven hun- 
dred years of national growth. 
And the sound of this mighty na- 
tion has gone forth throughout 
the earth. It has reached the op- 
pressed and toiling millions of 
Europe, and they are swarming to 
our shores to share the blessings 
of liberty ; it has gone to the isles 
of the sea, and they have sent 
their living contributions ; and 
nations, pausing in the beaten 
track of forty centuries, are gazing 
with wonder and amazement on 
our national growth and national 
possibilities. Because of this rapid 
development into great States and 
Territories, has come this immi- 
gration which is even more won- 
derful than that which overran 
Europe from Asia in the latter 
centuries of the Roman empire. 
From the crowded nations of the 
East would they come in two end- 
less fleets, eastward and westward, 
" and the highway is swung be- 
tween the oceans for them to tread 

A few examples of our unpar- 
alleled prosperity may be men- 
tioned. A century ago the pro- 
duction of corn and wheat barely 

supported the scanty populatiotj 
to-day we produce annually ov( 
nine hundred million bushels 
wheat. Scarcely fifty years a< 
our first railway iron was laic 
now we have one hundred an 
twenty-five thousand miles in oj 
eration, enough to reach five tim< 
around the globe I Now thougl 
is borne on lightning's wings ovs 
more than two hundred and sixt 
thousand miles of wire, while le 
than half a century ago the ide 
was ridiculed and pronounced on' 
the dream of a disordered brail 
These few examples might I 
extended to embrace the develo 
ment of our coal, and iron, an! 
oil, and copper, and gold, an 
dozens and dozens of other indul 
tries, but it is needless. The wor 
knows well our wonderful growt 
The most favored portion of E 
rope increases only one per cen 
annually in valuation, while p 
have an annual increase of fi^J 
per cent. Since 1800 our popul 
tion has increased over one tho 
sand per cent. In sixty-sevd 
years we have added over t\\ 
million eight hundred thousan 
square miles to our territory, th\ 
acquiring possession of four-nintl 
of North America, or more the 
one-fifteenth of the entire lar. 
surface of the globe ! 

But why dwell upon the e^ 
dences and illustrations of tl 
growth and possibilities of 01 
land ? Why attempt to recoui 



evidences and illustrations of the 
march of mind and the progress 
of improvement ? The hundreds 
of instances by which we are sur- 
Mmnded charm though they defy 
enumeration. They constitute the 
distinction of the present age and 
the hopeful pledge for a perpet- 
ually progressive future. 
■ The great fundamental cause of 
#11 our progress in every channel 
of thought and department of hu- 
man labor is that our forefathers 
had the energy as well as the 
ability to catch the spirit of true 
progress, and did not take up the 
worn-out issues of the dead past. 
Guided by the free spirit of liberty 
of our western wilds, with quick- 
ened pulse and throbbing heart, 
Ithey marched forward to success. 
Liberty, which is destined to 
spread its irresistible empire over 
this whole continent, found the 
germ for its future development 
in the hearts of our earliest fathers. 
This safeguard of races, this en- 
nobler of thoughts, this blessing 
of blessings, has ever migrated 

with advancing humanity from 
age to age until here in our own 
land of balmy breezes and waving 
fields, of rolling prairies and tow- 
ering mountains has been found a 
fitting field for its full and com- 
plete development. 

The past, with all its feuds and 
follies, stands as an eternal object- 
lesson to the present. Guided by 
the accumulated wisdom of the 
centuries; relying upon the mighty 
achievements, and the triumphs of 
inventive genius of the present ; 
inspired with the glorious hopes 
for the future, what power, what 
but Omnipotent power, can check 
our onward march? Through 
shame and struggle we have pass- 
ed; in power and glory we shall 

" O, 'tis a noble heritage, this goodly land 
of ours, 

It boasts, indeed, no Gothic fame, nor ivy- 
mantled towers, 

But far into the closing clouds its purple 
mountains climb, 

The sculpture of Omnipotence, the rugged 
twins of time." 

W. T. W. 


As it is the office of light to 

lustrate other things and not 

itself ; so it is with genius and 

learning. As a rule, the men who 

have transmitted to posterity the 


profoundest maxims, the noblest 
thoughts, the greatest knowledge 
of what the world has been, and 
the most enduring examples of 
manhood, have given us compara- 



tively nothing of their own bio- 
graghies. The histories of their 
lives must forever remain unwrit- 
ten ; from the nature of their 
writings, however, and the condi- 
tion of the times in which they 
lived, we may learn something of 
their character and the vastness 
of their genius and learning. 

Born about the middle of the 
first century after Christ, it is evi- 
dent that the childhood of Tacitus 
embraced a period by no means 
favorable to the cultivation of the 
intellect and the development of 
a good character. Despotic tyrants, 
filled with vice and crime, had 
worn the imperial purple till their 
immorality and base customs had 
a telling effect upon the whole 
people. Rome, the famed "seven- 
hilled city," had extended her 
arms farther and farther, until she 
had brought under her sway the 
whole civilized world. The Re- 
public had just reached the climax 
of its greatness, and its downfall 
seemed inevitable. The bitterest 
poison was instilled into the foun- 
tains of learning. The general 
tastes and desire of the people 
were below the requirements of a 
high order of civilization. Volup- 
tuousness and Epicureanism were 
taught to the Roman youth as 
the greatest good in life. Litera- 
ture, science and art were falsely 
and frivolously taught by debased 
Grecian instructors. In short, all 
that tends to lower mankind in 

the scale of being reigned suprem 
throughout the imperial city. 

Educated Marseilles the " Atr 
ens of the West," and possessin 
the foresight to detect the wrong 
and evils of his day, Tacitus dt 
spised all base and meaner thing 
and aspired to something highe 
and nobler than the general incl 
nations of his times. No doubt i 
is partly to these evils and to thi 
turbulent state of affairs, that w 
are indebted for the matchles 
wisdom and soul-stirring eloquenc 
of this celebrated historian an 
orator. For if the truly patrioti 
heart ever longs for freedom, it \ 
during tyranny and anarchy, an 
if man ever desires more and bel 
ter knowledge, it is when th 
waters of learning have bee 
poisoned. His youth was passe 
during the reign of the blood 
Nero; but his manhood experiei 
ced a better state of affairs, 
stronger government and greate 
prosperity under the succeedini 
reign of Vespasian and Titu; 
This prosperity and moderat 
peace ended in the vice and blooc 
shed and terror of Domitiaij 
With Domitian also, ended th 
most serious results of Imperia 
ism and it was the good fortun 
of the Roman world to enjoy 
firm and just government, for th! 
first time since the death of Ai 
gustus, when as Tacitus himse 
expressed it, they enjoyed thj 
rare happiness of a time when the 



might think what they pleased 
and speak what they thought. 
The age before him had produced 
fcicero the orator and philosopher 
Imd Virgil justly styled the great- 
est of Roman poets while among 
the contemporaries of Tacitus, 
jfwere many illustrious stars in the 
field of letters. 

Notwithstanding the obscurity 
that hangs over his private life, 
Tacitus was a distinguished per- 
sonage in Italy, especially in the 
literary circles of Rome. The 
[careful student of his writings can 
but mark the lofty patriotism, 
noble sentiment, and burning elo- 
quence of his " Germania" and 
fAgricola." The former, an ac- 
count of the manners and customs 
of the early Germans, is of espe- 
cial interest to us, not on account 
of anything it tells of Rome, but 
because it carries us back to the 
home of our forefathers. Our 
blood connection with those early 
Germans is at present very faint ; 
but with what eager zeal do we 
peruse this famous production, 
and how our hearts thrill with ad- 
miration not only for the free, 
.easy and unrestrained life of that 
far-away people, but also for the 
unapproachable genius and talent 
of the author. 

: The noble spirit and indomita- 
ble will of that fierce and warlike 
people have perpetuated them- 
selves on the field of history, 
moulding, at one time, the char- 

acter of the mighty kingdom of 
Great Britain ; at another, having 
crossed the Atlantic, they found a 
home in the united colonies, and 
ultimately established the Ameri- 
can Republic — an asylum for the 
oppressed of all lands. In his de- 
scription of the customs of the 
Germans, Tacitus compared the 
hardihood of their lives with the 
luxury and effeminacy of the Ro- 
mans. In their poverty, purity 
and simplicity of life, he saw a rude 
counterpart of those days of Rome 
"when consuls drove their own 
ploughs or roasted turnips on a 
Sabine farm." There is a preva- 
lent opinion that this treatise was 
written solely as a satire on the 
evils, vices and luxuries of the 
Romans; yet from it conciseness, 
impartiality, and attention to de- 
tails, we are forced to believe that 
the author had some other object 
in view. What great courage it 
must have taken to publish such a 
work at that time, utterly con- 
demning the practices in which a 
great majority of Romans in- 
dulged ! He condemned vice every- 
where ; his great love and admira- 
tion, for the virtues of a people 
did not render him blind or in- 
sensible to their crimes. Of all 
the German's failings, drunken- 
ness was the greatest. Just as the 
Gods in Walhalla, it was the su- 
preme joy of these people to 
spend whole days and nights at 
the table, and the blood of some 



of the revellers was often spilled. 
This and all other vices among 
them, Tacitus strongly condemns. 
The " Germania" is a piece of 
literature worthy the careful 
perusal and sincere admiration of 
all classical scholars. 

• No greater or more enduring 
monument was ever erected to the 
memory of a departed spirit than 
the "Agricola" of Tacitus, written 
with the utmost sincerity in com- 
memoration of the manly virtues 
and deeds of his honored father- 
in-law. What thrilling emotions 
rush over us, and how our blood 
stirs in our enthusiasm and admir- 
ation for the laudable life of Ag- 
ricola. With what tenderness 
does he describe the days of his 
early youth, how finely he touches 
upon the deeds of his manhood, 
and with what deep pathos does 
he relate the closing scenes of his 
earthly career ! It is a just and 
noble tribute to a great and good 

Tacitus wrote a description of 
the events occurring between the 
death of Augustus and the death 
of Nero, a period embracing 54 
years, called "Annals;" but unfor- 
tunately the greater and most in- 
teresting portion has been lost. 
He also wrote a " history" chron- 
icling the affairs of Rome from the 
arrival of Galba in 59 to the sur- 
render of Domitius in 96 A. D. 
As he was a youth during a part 
of this period, he retained a good 

recollection of the events follow 
ing the death of Nero, whic 
marked a great convulsion of th 
empire. As he himself says, it wa 
a "period rich in disasters, fright 
ful in its wars, torn by civil strife 
and even in peace full of horrors. 
But we possess only four book 
and the beginning of the fifth i: 
this great work. In this " His 
tory" are combined the merits o 
the historian, philosopher an< 
statesman, and it is an excellen 
specimen of pslitical wisdom. Nov 
and then in his writings, he turn! 
his back upon Italy and indulgej 
in what may be called a romanti 
story, and in describing the dcj 
mestic condition of some people! 
This peculiarity is highly accepta 
ble to the reader as a relief fron 
the never-ending scenes of crim 
and bloodshed, vice and misery 
which prevailed at Rome. 

There existed between Plim 
the younger and Tacitus a mos 
beautiful and intimate friendship 
Pliny himself says, " each viewing 
the other as the ornament of hi 
country, each urging the other t< 
write a history of their age, am 
each relying chiefly on the geniu 
of the other for his own immoii 
tality." The high appreciation o 
his talents by one of his most disj 
tinguished contemporaries is i 
marked evidence of the degree o 
estimation in which he was hek 
by those capable of judging hi, 



■ In the age immediately preced- 
ng Tacitus, had flourished Livy, 
irho wrote a history of Rome from 
ts first founding to the death of 
)rusus. The word historian means 
l a patient inquiry into facts and 
:ircumstances," and that Livy was 
lot, but Tacitus certainly was. 
Ne are acquainted with no histo- 
lan who wrote in as utter disre- 
gard of truth as did Livy. His 
pie object appears to have been 

■ extol the fame of the Roman 
>eople, and to display his own 
hetorical powers, while for relia- 
)ility and impartiality, Tacitus 
lands preeminent. Livy's his- 
ories embraced a period of cen- 
uries, and his chief reliance was 
radition; Tacitus confined him- 
self to the narrow scope of a few 
'ears, and penned every line after 
post diligent research and inquiry, 
,nd even from actual observation. 
Bie pages of Livy teem with the 
lescription of the gods, and imagi- 
inryheroesand myths; butTacitus 
ecords the deeds and actions of 
iving men. Every page of Taci- 
1s glows in oratorical powers, 
♦oetical gems and sage-like wis- 
lom. His "History" has justly 
teen compared to that of Thuci- 
lydes, the famous Greek historian, 
he accuracy, veracity and impar- 
tiality of whose writings critics, 
10th ancient and modern, have 
»een unanimous in commending. 
|The untiring efforts of Tacitus 
/ere directed against Imperialism ; 

he did all in his power to render 
the names of Tiberius and Nero 
infamous forever. His feelings 
toward the earlier Emperors may 
be well expressed by the words in 
which Shakspeare represents Cas- 
sius condemning the First Caesar's 
usurpation : 

"Age, thou art shamed; 
Rome, thou hast lost the breed of noble 

blood ! 
When went there by an age, since the great 

But it was famed with more than one man ? 
When could they say till now, that talked of 

That her wide walks encompassed but one 

man ? 
Now is it Rome, indeed, and room enough, 
When there is in it but one only man. 
O ! you and I have heard our fathers say 
That there was a Brutus once, that would 

have brook'd 
The eternal devil to keep his State in Rome, 
As easily as a King." 

The style of Tacitus is graphic 
and often sublime. His literary 
excellence is universally acknowl- 
edged, while as a teacher of mor- 
ality he exerted a wholesome in- 
fluence upon his own and succeed- 
ing ages. Great was his power 
of depicting character and pene- 
trating into the minds and hearts 
of men. The unprejuced reader, 
overcome by the force and beauty 
of his language and his admiration 
for virtue, will not criticise his ac- 
cusations of the Caesars, no matter 
how severe they may be. 

Judging from the study of his 
works, one would regard Tacit us as a 
grave and sarcastic personage; yet 

3 86 


this would be unjust. Pliny's 
great affection and admiration of 
him, and thetenderness and pathos 
with which he describes the life 
and death of Agricola, are suffi- 
cient proofs to convince us that 
he was not harsh and sarcastic. 

His writings possess a greater 
affinity to modern than to ancient 
history, and this may be one cause 
of their lack of early appreciation. 
The men of his age were unable 
to appreciate his productions. 
Several centuries passed before 
Tacitus attained his due rank 
among the noted writers of an- 
tiquity. Pliny the younger, and 
other personal friends duly appre- 
ciated his great works, but at the 
time of his writing, there was a 
radical change in the nature of 
literary works ; all narrative was 
assuming a biographical form, and 
hence the chronicles of the Caesars, 
the so-called "Augustan histo- 
rians" were eagerly read while 
Tacitus slumbered on the shelf. 
An order was given by his name- 
sake, if not his remote relative, 
the emperor Tacitus, that copies 
of his work should be made and 
placed in every public library of 
the empire ; but this decree was 
not executed. Besides, there was 
no demand for literature of a high 
standard, in an age so turbulent 
for in the last century of the com- 
monwealth, Rome was not edu- 
cated, refined and great ; but only 
the head of an ignoble empire 

extending from the Grampian hi 
on the North to the first eatara 
of the Nile on the South and frc 
the Atlantic on the West to t 
Euphrates on the East. It 
unreasonable to suppose that 1 
deep thought and concise st> 
were advantageous in preservi 
his works in an age when sou 
thing shallow and fitful was gre; 
ly to be desired. It is a cause 
deep regret that we have t 
works of many worthless write 
of his day almost complete, .wh 
at least thirty books of the mc 
reliable Roman history have be 
lost. Such small portion of 1 
works as we now possess we 
rescued, by fragments, from dec^ 
and after a lapse of fourteen ce 
turies, the world awoke to a sen 
of his greatness. Since that tir 
he has been almost universally 
ceived with enthusiastic applai 
and his works have been pronoi 
ced " one of the grandest effo 
of the human intellect." Fro 
the sixteenth century he has be 
consulted as an oracle by pol: 
cians and philosophers and ma 
of our modern authors have tak 
him as their model. 

He was a man who reVerenc 
truth, admired virtue, condemn 
vice and spent his life in endeav 
ing to elevate his race ; for tj 
reason fame has wreathed him 
crown of immortal glory. 

"Quicquid ex Tacito amavimi 



icquid mirati sumus, manet 
ansurumque est in animis ho- 

num, in aeternitate temporum, 
marerum. Nam multos veterum 

velut inglorios et ignobiles oblivio 
obruit ; Tacitus posteritate narra* 
tus et traditus superstes erit." 



It is pleasant and profitable to 
udy the life and character of a 
eat man, and much more pleas- 
t to trace the footsteps of a 
tion or a race of great men. The 
ost important part of European 
tory since the Dark Ages, and 
elustreof ournineteenthcentury 
ilization, both European and 
erican, began with the Anglo- 
jaxon race and the various, ele- 
ments that united to form it. 
■Throughout the history of the 
Vnglo-Saxons we observe just 
inough of coldness and severity 
preserve the bold outlineswhich 
dentify their race. We find, how- 
:ver, a benevolence and a tender 
ympathv which have prevented 
hem from becoming at any time 
■nation of despots, and a socia- 
lity which has enabled them to 
ippropriate and assimilate the 
:hoicest fruits of every branch of 
nought. Grecian -and Roman 
iterature and art, and mediaeval 
cience, advanced somewhat by 
he secret processes of alchemy, 
vere eagerly seized and adopted 
>y them. So that many of our po- 

litical, social and intellectual su- 
periorities can be traced back to 
Grecian fires of philosophy, science 
and liberty, whose shimmering ra- 
diance gradually dispelled the 
dark gloom of ignorance that en- 
veloped the world. Notwith- 
standing the ease and energy with 
which former ideas diffused into 
his race, originality, power of 
thought and vividness of concep- 
tion illuminated every subject he 
touched. In the early stages o^ 
their history they were pagans; 
their love of might, especially 
hidden might, led them to fill 
lakes, rivers and groves with mon- 
sters whom, they feared, and deities 
whom they reverently adored had 
drawn a thread of hope from the 
tangled web of mediaeval life and 
reflected a beam of silver light 
across that second long, dark night 
of barbarism, whose trembling 
rays disclosed the glories of "that 
house not made with hands" and 
revealed the pleasures of refine- 
ment and mental activity. Then it 
wasthat their virtues became man- 



It is a notable fact that where 
ever the Anglo-Saxon has been 
carried by research, by conquest,. 
or by subjugation, he remains an 
Anglo-Saxon, clinging to his man- 
ners and personal individuality. 
He has absorbed, as we have said, 
many of the characteristics, men- 
tal and physical, of those he has 
mingled with, and especially do 
we find the Norman peculiarities 
assimilated by him, but the strong 
elements that have made him so 
felt by the world remain as little 
altered as did those of the Grecian 
in his wanderings. 

Probably the most illustrious 
names that adorn the pages of 
Anglo-Saxon history and typify 
its character are Alfred, Cromwell, 
Wellington, and Washington. 

Alfred's beautiful life was al- 
most divine. The simple gran- 
deur of his exalted nature raised 
him far above his fellow-man upon 
whose frailties the influence of his 
life fell like sweet incense from 
the altar of a new civilization. 
His character and his great work 
show him to have been one in 
whom the statesman, the priest, 
and the martyr blended in perfect 

The work of Wellington was to 
concentrate the long developing 
political power of England and 
make her pulse throbs felt by' the 
whole world. The fateful field of 
Waterloo named England the 
mightiest nation since the Roman 

sceptre had swayed a conquers 

The freedom of the Americ; 
colonies was not the Only treasu 
with which Washington enrich* 
the cause of justice and humai 
ty ; the tide of popular righ 
rolled on in a swelling torre 
that threatened, to overwhelm t! 
last relic of despotism. T 
terrific explosions of the Fren< 
Revolution which poured tJ 
vengeful wrath of an outragi 
people upon the royal family ai 
shook the thrones of tyranny eve 
where is universally aknowledgi 
to have been the direct result 
American independence. Ang] 
Saxon liberty has continued 
develop and expand until t 
crown of England is to-day litt 
more than a piece of histoi 
heraldry floating over a Libei 

The name of Cromwell is o 
in the annals of English histo 
that deserves more of the lo 
and admiration of brave heai 
than is generally accorded it. H 
tory has named him a trait< 
yet we can but honor and reve 
his stained name for the pricele 
gift with which he enriched mcj 
ern thought and character. H 
last words as he lay waiting fl 
death, are those of a Christian 
heroic man. ' Broken prayers 
God that he would judge him ai 
his cause. He, since man cou 
not, in justice yet in pity. Th 



ire most touching words. He 
Dreathed out his wild, great soul, 
its toils and sins all ended now, 
into the presence of his Maker, in 
this manner.' 

In studying Anglo-Saxon char- 
acter and history we are apt to 
underrate it ; from constantly asso- 
ciating with it its boldest points 
lose their force. The further re- 
moved from us a man or a deed is 
the more profound is our admira- 
tion of it. There is a mantle of 
sacredness, even, that shrouds the 
scenic array of the past ; beyond 
this dimly visible curtain we see 
in magnificent order the heroic, 
the noble productions of human 
intellect and character. We be- 
aold it all invested in a glamour 
?f reverence and awe, simply be- 
:ause it is past — simply because 
ive can never reverse the flow of 
;and in Time's little hour-glass 
ind be borne through the laby- 
'inthian mazes of what has been. 
Upon the Greek and the Roman 
:his halo of brightness rests with 
ill the grandeur that accumulated 
:enturies can bestow. But the 
\ngIo-Saxon whose whole history 
.ve know, who has not had the 
larkness of antiquity to render 
lim noble, stands out as a living 
estimonial of his greatness. No 
ninstrel band sings the requiem of 
lis decayed bravery, but the liber- 
y and prosperity which mark his 
:very footstep proclaim his living 
>ravery. No "storied urn" or con- 

secrated marble need tell him who 
he has been ; the din of millions 
of wheels, of vast cities, and the 
quiet beauty of his fertile farms, 
all directed by his matchless 
thought and energy tell both who 
he has been and who he is. It 
requires no Penates to remind him 
of his duty to his family; his af- 
fections are centered there : high 
though his political and national 
aspirations be in the heart of the 
Anglo-Saxon the hallowed shrine 
of the hearthstone of home rises 
high above every ambitious dream 
that floats around the gilded dome 
of the temple Fame. His great 
success is probably more attribu- 
table to this race characteristic 
and its reflexive result than any 
other. Individuals may diverge 
but this law is more lasting than 
marble ; it is graven upon human 

It seems that the Almighty has 
chosen this race to spread the 
" glad tidings of great joy" to fche 
ignorant and benighted of every 
land and clime. 

Africa and the isles of the sea 
i are all aglow with gospel lights 
kindled and kept burning by 
Anglo-Saxon missionaries around 
which the weary and heart-sick 
may seek rest, sweet rest in "that 
place which passeth all under- 

What the destiny of the Anglo- 
Saxon will be, God in His infinite 
wisdom alone can know ; but, 


should his race by reason of self- 
wrought sins relapse into national 
depravity and obscurity, still it 
would bequeath to posterity an 

imperishable legacy of truths tha 
would brighten to all eternity. 


The Jaybird and Redbird went off to the lecture, 
I» brilliant spring plumage they formed quite a picture. 
The sage Bird of Wisdom sat longingly near, 
Their converse so witty and charming, to hear. 

They said they had come some knowledge to gain, 
They looked quite important and fluttered again ; 
The speaker discoursed on "Improvements" and "Love," 
The Jaybird looked quite knowing, but to hide it he strove. 

To convince his fair partner that love is divine, 
Jay softly assured her that he had loved nine ! 
"'Improvement' on this would be pleasing, I trow, 
And at your feet, Redbird, I earnestly bow." 

The wise Bird of Wisdom heard the soft declaration, 
„ It excited his hopes and fired his ambition. 

"Well really, now, Redbird, he can't equal me! 
To love only nine! /have loved thirty-three!" 

The speaker cried "Action!" to action they flew; 
"Well, really, quoth Owl, "'tis too much ado." 
" Oh, certainly, certainly," the Jaybird responded ; 
" Oh! oh ! how disgusting," the Redbird said, wounded. 

Applause for the lecturer now thundered on, 

And frightening my Muse, put an end to my song, 

And far, far away from thejdin and*the strife 

Of " Improvements" and " Love," she flies as for life. 

[Those who heard Dr. Lafferty will understand the above.] 




E. P. Withers. 

Wake Forest claims 205 stu- 
dents. How many boys have you 
studying the alphabet, that are 
entered in your catalogue under 
'the head of " English Literature," 
and how many have you studying 
the multiplication table entered 
under " Mathematics" ? Will you 
answer, Mr. Student? 

The printer's devil or some 
other kind of a devil " turned him- 
self loose" in this department last 
month. Our editorial on Ireland 
was butchered, sentences ran into 
each other, our grammar was de- 
molished, and the whole thing was 
nearly ruined ; and coupled with 
this the astounding announcement 
was made that another man got 
up our matter. Two columns 
were written by a brother editor, 
but this was all. 

THE mutual complimenting in- 
dulged in by some of our ex- 
changes is very ridiculous. Ridicu- 
lous from the fact that one com- 
pliment is a mere bid for another 
and this in turn a bait for a third. 
It is simply the you-taffy-me-and- 

ril-taffy-you principle. For our 
part, we were in despair until we 
were severely criticised several 
times, and learned that we had 
made two or three " red hot." In 
one quarter especially we were 
abused and berated. We have 
hopes now that we have made 
somebody mad. 

Governor Hill, of New York, 
vetoed the Crosby High License 
Bill in a very able and statesman- 
like paper. He not only proved 
its unconstitutionality by showing 
that it was special legislation, but 
he showed that in New York and 
Brooklyn the number of saloons 
in proportion to the population 
was less than in the majority of 
towns, cities and villages of the 
State. A high license for liquor 
saloons is but putting respecta- 
bility on sin, unless this high li- 
cense law isenforced in all sections 
of a State. The curse of whisky 
is bad enough, and in the name of 
common sense, do not clothe the 
curse with respectability. 

We HEAR an immense amount 

39 6 


of nonsense about the boom in 
the New South. As for North 
Carolina, we dare to make the as- 
sertion that there is no boom. On 
the contrary, we are on anything 
but a boom. It is true that we 
have a few towns, as Asheville, 
Mt. Airy and Durham, that are 
rapidly growing in wealth and 
population, but the country, the 
farmers are in a worse condition 
than they have ever been in our 
recollection. Three-fourths of the 
farmers of this State are heavily 
in debt and have what land they 
own heavily mortgaged. Many 
are in actual want of the necessa- 
ries of life, and around Leaksville, 
in this State, many farmers have 
nothing to live upon. It is a very 
poor kind of prosperity that en- 
ables a few small towns to pros- 
per and a few manufacturers and 
speculators to grow rich while the 
great mass of people, especially 
the farmers, have to battle for a 
mere existence. There must be a 

Here is science for you with 
a vengeance. Tribe — TabulataCo- 
ralla. Family — Favosi tesalveoli- 
usstreptelasmabustum. Simple, 
compound sublindrical, polypory, 
massive, light, globoid, tuberose, 
pyriform, conical tap-shaped and 
elongate. Epithecean, longtitu- 
dinally bulgibusting tubuloserans 
projections apparent on the mu- 

tually intersecting, recticulatec 
septum interspersed with spongif 
erous, constituentialed, polypa 
rentiating, superramoscrase can 
didistubulous excrescenses knowr 
as palaeontologically-VVinchelliliar 
bumps containing irregularly tab 
ulated and coruscated epithecae 
which in turn ran in rectangulatec 
directions throughout the shel 
making those delicate colon 
known as steptelasmazaphrenti 
sian ca:ruleanated rotistetum 
amplexuonated shades. In the 
inner shell is septupluscylindrical 
ly operculated opening leading 
to the Holmesian peripherally reg 
ular beak joined to a double-sided 
heliophystillated hinge which 
holds the two concave, crescentia 
ted convexitive, extrallaminefer 
ous, coming to medialibustiavely 
bulging centred shells together 
The inner layer of the shell is com 
posed of Lithostrotionarium, the 
middle consists of peculiarly hex 
agonalitive triple sloping cinquan 
tally laminated pearl, while the 
outer layer is made of radiated, 
calcareous carbon eto-sulphurium. 
The shell entire is of an octuplis- 
sate, compoundedly twisted, irreg- 
ularly circled square shape. On 
the whole, this is a remarkable 
shell, the description of which is 
very simple and easily understood. 

There are two classes of men 
in college that deserve a passing 
notice. The first class consists of 



laen who don't take The Maga- 
zine, but who make it one of 
heir aims in life to sneer at it, 
idicule it and injure it in every 
possible way. The second class 
consists of those high-minded (?) 
lonorable (?) gentlemen, who 
lonor the MAGAZINE by allowing 
;he editors to send it to them but 
,/vho never think of paying for it. 
The first-class can be illustrated 
oy two examples. At the begin- 
ning of this session the subscrip- 
:ion price was increased from one 
dollar to one dollar and a half. 
This was absolutely necessary in 
Drder to render the MAGAZINE 
self-sustaining. A certain gentle- 
man refused to subscribe to it on 
che ground that it was almost 
autrageous to raise the subscrip- 
tion and actually made a speech 
Dbjecting to the literary societies 
aiding the MAGAZINE, basing his 
argument on the ground that we 
committed a sin to raise the sub- 
scription. Again a man took, not 
long since, occasion to utter a 
terrible anathema against us, 
abusing the Magazine, denounc- 
ing it as worthless, and being ex- 
tremely windy and gassy the 
aforesaid gentleman puffed, snort- 
ed, reared and charged like some 
raging bull. This man does not 
subscribe to the Magazine, re- 
fuses to read it and we further- 
more venture the assertion that 
he is unable to write a respectable 
article on any subject whatever. 

As to the second class it is suffi- 
cient to say that we have been 
swindled out of at least one hun- 
dred dollars by these honorary 
subscribers. The editor of this 
department has always advocated 
publishing their names and thus 
exposing them but this has been 
objected to by our brother editors. 
We could brand you, gentlemen, 
as you so richly deserve, and 
would have done so long ago but 
for the opposition of the rest of 
the staff. 


The voice of the commence- 
ment orator will soon be heard in 
the land, and in nine out of ten 
instances poor humanity will 
dreadfully suffer. The "silver- 
tongued orator" will spread him- 
self over an immense space, and 
as he becomes enwrapt and in- 
spired with his mighty subject,. 
his classic eloquence and polished 
rhetoric will thrill his audience as 
would the grating shriek of a 
"squedunk" or the weird wheeze 
of an expiring whangdoodle. 

That new fangled humbug, the 
college graduate, who imagines 
himself an orator, will also occupy 
a great extent of territory, cocked 
and primed with a speech stolen 
from a dozen different sources and 
skilfully put together with which 
he expects to astonish the world 
and leap right straight up to the 
pinnacle of fame. He sweats and 



screams, rushes to and fro, tears 
his hair, chokes and turns livid 
with eloquence, goes through all 
the contortions of a jumping-jack 
and finally subsides leaving one 
under the impression that he has 
been listening to a coyote concert 
on the Western plains. Next 
comes the " Kurnel," the political 
demagogue who gladly delivers at 
every opportunity ear-splitting, 
hair-lifting speeches on " my coun- 
try," "Our Forefathers," "The 
Dear People," etc. This orator 
abounds in mannerisms, spread- 
eagleism and various other isms 
too numerous to mention, he 
froths with fury and exertion, 
roars louder than the " bull of 
Bashan" and reminds you of the 
fabled Titans who bound at 
^Etna's base, belched forth at 
each breath dense black smoke 
and seething flame. And lastly 
comes the jewel of them all. Our 
old friend, the Honorable Windy 
W. Gasbag, comes upon the stage 
and amid the plaudits of expect- 
ant thousands makes his bow. 
He is the brightest star that has 
as yet flashed forth in this intel- 
lectual firmament and in him is 
the quintescense of all that is elo- 
quent and beautiful. He is 
swollen almost to bursting with 
wind and fury. The loudest, deep- 
est roar of the lion is equaled by 
him as he turns loose upon his 
hopeless hearers the full power of 
hisbu'lvoice. Hebecameasastorm 

king lashed to fury which sweep 
everything before it, and his voic 
sounded like the roar of distar 
thunder. When this grand orate 
closed his speech with a magnif 
cent burst of divine eloquence th 
audience looked as if a cyclon 
had struck it. And poor M 
Gasbag after this supreme effoi 
flattened out like the great flabb 
sides of a big balloon that has n 
gas in it. He sizzed awhil 
seethed some and finally the ir 
ternal pressure becoming too grea 
he exploded in a " magnificen) 
burst of divine eloquence" and 
no more. 

The average cojnmencemen 
orator is hardly the peer of an; 
one of our four examples. 


This is an age of Reform.' 
Every statesman puzzles his grea 
mind to bring forth some measure 
some idea that put into executioi 
will win him fame and benefi 
mankind. Every demagogue wea 
ries his small soul with thinking 
how to win popularity by doim 
something that, though done witl 
a selfish motive, yet will be fo 
the public good. Every littl< 
politician yearns to do something 
that may have at least the ap 
pearance of reform. The two ok 
parties make loud professions ant 
sometimes actually accomplisl 
something. The two new one 



[fie Prohibition and Labor, seem 
; t present, to be actuated only by 
, : desire to reform what they deem 
rteat evils. From all this intense 
onging to reform, it is to be 
.oped that our laws and our legis- 
lation will be materially benefited. 
I'BThe first great attempted reform 
3 the crusade against mean whis- 
ky, bar-room bummers, bar room 
reepers, their methods, their power 
.nd their influence. Friends of 
ligh license, the Prohibitionists, 
he local optionists, the philan- 
thropists, and in fine nearly all 
food citizens are beginning to 
oin forces to crush this great and 
lamning evil. The influence of 
vhisky is everywhere apparent, 
ft politics it is a power, a potent 
igent of corruption, rascality and 
cnavery. A whisky dealer is rarely 
i. gentleman, rarely a thoroughly 
ncorruptible man ; his very busi- 
ness makes him lose respect for 
himself and his fellow-man. By 
daily contact with drunken 
wretches, foul-mouthed roughs, 
thieves and even murderers, all 
his manhood becomes tainted and 
poisoned, and he will eventually 
yield and become as degraded as 
his customers and associates. 
Again the evil effect of whisky is 
seen in the reeling, leering, drunk- 
en, almost frenzied wretch who 
wallows in the mire as a hog or 
falls stupefied in the gutter and 
there remains until he sleeps off 
his stupor. It is seen in the man 

of ruined fortune, spent for this 
fiery liquid; his bloated face and 
swollen body brand him as whis- 
ky's slave. It is seen in the 
wrecked intellect of a great genius; 
in his trembling hand, his quiver- 
ing lip, and his maudlin voice. It 
is seen in the gambling den, where, 
in a dispute over cards, a poor, 
half -crazed creature, wild with 
drink and passion, sends a bullet 
crashing through the brain of a 
fellow-being, and another soul is 
sent to that unknown shore from 
which the veil has never been 
lifted; another black-cap is drawn, 
another drop is sprung, and an- 
other body hangs, writhing in 
agony, between earth and heaven. 
It is seen in the grief-marked faces 
of sorrowing parents, in the pinch- 
ed, pale face of a half-starved child, 
and in the hopeless, endless grief 
of a wife's wrecked life. Every- 
where is the trail of this serpent 
seen, leaving behind blasted homes, 
blasted hopes, blasted lives, and a 
blasted soul. Amid the splendor 
and magnificence of a banquet- 
hall, the costly wine makes a man 
witty and bright, sharpens his 
humor and impassions his elo- 
quence. The bar-room deadens 
his senses, renders him brutal, 
quarrelsome and dangerous, and 
the low den ends his career and 
damns him forever: We have no 
conception at first thought of 
whisky's wonderful power. We 
pay more for it than we do for all 



religious and charitable purposes, 
together with the money given 
for education. All our meat and 
bread-stuffs cost us less than whis- 
ky. A river of whisky fifteen feet 
deep, fifteen wide, and one hun- 
dred and fifty miles long, is con- 
sumed every year. 

Against this dangerous and ever 
increasing evil a great crusade is 
commencing. None seems to 
know exactly what the remedy is, 
but it will be found and this evil 

Another great reform being in- 
stituted is the breaking down of 
the great railroad rings that have 
so long preyed upon the govern- 
ment and the people. The rail- 
roads have been forced to disgorge 
26,000,000 acres of public lands, 
and the end has not come. To- 
day the great magnates are un- 
dergoing the ordeal of being in- 
vestigated concerning their agents, 
attorneys and lobbyists' rascality 
at Washington, and the free use 
they made of money to influence 
legislation. Nearly all good men 
of all parties, creeds and beliefs 

are joining forces to crush th 
great evil. 

The new Labor party is certai 
ly making one good move ; the' 
is its warfare in many places o 
Sunday labor. Even if there 
no higher movement promptin 
this movement than a selfish on*, 
yet its results cannot be anythin 
but beneficial to both the mor< 
and physical man. 

Another great move in whic 
all parties are joining, is the bitte 
and intense opposition to puttin 
men in high offices who have notl 
ing to recommend them, and wh 
too often gain their positions b 
bribery and corruption. We a 
ready have too many moneybag 
in the United States Senate, an 
money has influenced the repn 
sentatives of the people too muc 
and too long. 

These are some of the grea 
movementsof the day.all of whicr 
if accomplished, will prove grea 
and lasting blessings to our coun 
try. May they succeed is th 
earnest wish of all honest men. 



Personal Department. 

J. C. Johnson. 

— Prof. Winston fell on Latin 
ometime ago. 

I: — C. U. Hill, class '83, is a rising 
i'oung lawyer in Washington, N. 
!., also editor of the Washington 
\ogress. His partner in the edi- 
orship is also one of our old stu- 
dents, W. B. Rodman, Jr. 

— Jno. W. Alexander is now 
vith the Simmons Hardware Com- 
tany, St. Louis, Mo. 

: — Sterling Ruffin, one of our 
>ld students, is in the War De- 
partment in Washington City, 
retting a salary of $1,200 a year. 

— S. L. Scull, class '85, who left 
tere about a year ago a full-fledged 
awyer and with the expectation 
>f his father's having to support 
lim says that much to his surprise 
»e is clearing $40 per month. 

— Professor of Greek explain- 
ng hostia. One of the students, 
' Oh yes, sir, I know all about 
hat." Professor of G. "Well, 
VIr. M. I wish you would write a 
)ook and explain it. It never has 
)een explained yet." 

—"Mr. A. B. Shaw"--"Unpre- 

pared." "Bench." The bench 

— Student of Geology to the 
Prof. " Prof, this is the only les- 
son I have seen any sense in or 
know anything about." Prof. 
" Well, well, Mr. W. we'll see. 
Will you please explain what a 
cryptocrystallien is." Student 
scratches his head for awhile and 
exclaims, "Oh I can't remember 
those technical names. 

— Class on a Geological tour. 
Prof, to the class. " Gentlemen 
this rock you are on now is part 
of a dike." Bonus punster of the 
class. "We are all on a dike now." 
Prof, dismisses the class. 

— J. D. Murphy, class '81, was 
married on April 28th in Green- 
ville, N. C, where he is now 
practising law. 

— We clip the following from 
the Daily Tribune, published at 
Fort Smith, Arkansas : " Mr. T. 
S. Osborne was elected city attor- 
ney last night. His election gives 
general satisfaction for he is a 
young man of promise and ability 
and will doubtless make an effi- 
cient officer." Many will remem- 



ber Sam Osborne who studied law 
here two years ago. 

Herbert Jackson, class '86, is 

in Raleigh, where he went to take 
a position in the Treasury Depart- 

The corner stone of the new 

Methodist church was laid Satur- 
day, April 30th. 

— Rev. J. J- Lafferty lectured 
in Smith Hall not long since and 
entertained a large and apprecia- 
tive audience with a comparison 
between the " good old times" 
and the present days. 

— Opportunities of amusement 
have been numerous lately. The 
Blind Minstrels|also gave us a 
visit, not long since. 

— Commencement draweth on 
when in harmony with landscape 
nature, everybody will deck them- 
selves in the colors of Spring and 
flit forth like the butterfly from 
the crysalis. And also with the 
approach of such a joyous occa- 
sion at this there comes another 
not so joyous. It is the time when 
the idle student will pore over 
books grown musty with disuse 
and will rack their brains to under- 
stand things that heretofore their 
minds dreamed not of. It is the 
time when the glad wild-notes of 
the birds will be hushed by the 
declamations of the Senior and 
the Rep. These birds will slink- 
away to the bushes and sign a 
pledge to sing no more till such 

sounds cease. Then too tl 
Freshman will begin to be glad i 
his heart and hold his head thn 
degrees higher than it ever w; 
before for he will soon be a Soph 
more. These are glorious da) 
for everybody, and everybod 
will rejoice in them. 

— Kirby Smith Uzzell, B. 
'86, has gone' to the West. He w; 
engaged in business near his ol 
home for some months, but i 
March last went to Garden Citj 
Kansas. He writes that he 
much pleased with the place, tha 
it has about ten times as muc 
life, energy and push as any tow 
in North Carolina and that he irj 
tends to grow up with the cour 
try. He is now in the law offic 
of one of the largest firms in th 
city, is assisting them and stud} 
ing at the same time. He is 
hard working boy, has pluck am 
determination and we wish hii 
all success in his chosen calling. 

In Love. 

The day at last came forth to me, 
When to my surprise I met thee 
And, indeed, such a happy day 
As everything seemed so gay, 
Only two miles from Chapel Hill 
Where the sacred spot remains still, 
Your image from that time to this 
Has been to me heavenly bliss. 
What magics played before the sun, 
I fear that my work is just begun — 
Love, you know, is jnagic power 
As it comes at the midnight hour, 
When we least expect such a thing, 



A little courtin' it will bring; 
Now, dear madam, what I must say 
Is to-morrow the parting day? 
She answered to him in a tone 
Ah poor fellow you are not gone ! 
What makes you such fantastic man 
I am as yet to understand. 

As your hopes are not firm you know 
For to-morrow I'm bound to go, 
Though hope you will forever feel 
That I gave to you a fair deal. 
May peace within you only dwell 
Now, my lover, bid you farewell. 

— Written by J. J. Horring, Jr. 



Exchange Department. 

Claudius Dockery. 

We enjoyed very much the ar- 
ticle on "Ireland's Home Rule," in 
the Virginia University Magazine 
for March. It was a plain discus- 
sion of the Home Rule question, 
as summed up in a sentence by a 
great Irishman, Henry Grattan, 
who in his day fought fearlessly 
and zealously for the rights and 
liberties of his country. "We 
have." said Grattan, "on one side, 
the ocean protesting against sep- 
aration ; on the other, the sea, pro- 
testing against union. 

* " * 

We have received the first num- 
ber of The Binghamite, a monthly 
journal published under the aus- 
pices of the Kalesthenic and Pol- 
emic Societies of Bingham School, 
N. C. It makes a good beginning, 
and we hope it will never regret 
its enlistment in the ranks of 

* * 

The grit and firmness of the 
Oberlin students are soon to be 
put to the test. Seventeen Soph- 
omores have sworn to wear knee- 
breeches, and the Faculty, with 
its accustomed conservatism and 
sense of the " proper," has forbid- 
den them to appear in them, as- 
serting that knickerbockers are in 

the same category as low-necke, 
dresses and short sleeves. Th 
Oberlin Faculty is usually so loat 
to leave the vvays of its ancestor: 
that we are surprised to see i 
draw the line at knee-pants. — Ez 
[We have since learned tha 
eight Sophomore girls are impl 

cated in this same trouble.] 

* * 

The Free Lance is a new add : 
tion to the ranks of college joui 
nalism. It hails from Pennsylva 
nia State College. We welcom: 
it among us. For all college joui 
nals, the road to success is Ion: 
and rough is the way, but afte 
reading its salutatory we predic 
that the Free Lance will " ge 

there " all the same. 

■x- * 

In the April number of Th 

Salem Academy we note a ven 

interesting and entertaining artj 

cle by Miss Victoria Swann, oij 

the " Songs of the Civil War.' 


Why women kiss each other is 
An undetermined question, 

Unless the darlings would by this 
Give man a sweet suggestion. 

The last number of the College 
Magazine was the best number oj 



:hat paper we have seen. The 
foung ladies deserve much praise 
"or their management of the Mes- 
sage and the college is to be con- 
gratulated on the fact that it has 
such a representative paper. The 
Message should receive large sup- 
aort, in a material form, from 
;very alumna and friend of the 



Lovers' Arithmetic. 

I She was one and I was one, 

Strolling o'er the heather, 
Yet before the year was done 

We were one together. 
Love's a queer arithmetician — 
In the rule of his addition 
He lays down the proposition: 

One and one make two. 

She 1 and I, alas, are two, 
• Since unwisely mated, 
Having nothing else to do, 

We were separated. 
Now, 'twould seem that by this action 
Each was made a simple fraction, 
Yet 'tis held in love's subtraction 
One from one leaves two. 

The students of the State Uni- 
versity at Athens, Ga., have form- 
ed an organization called the 
Knights of Lethargy, which has 
Degun operations by instituting a 
Doycott of certain boarding- 
louses — one for setting a poor 
:able, another for locking ihe front 
loor at 9 o'clock, and another for 
iharging boarders for extra meals 
tfhen they bring company. Says 
:he grand master: "We have a 
jreat many wrongs to redress and 
:an now do it. We intend hence- 

forth and forever to make our * 
power felt. We will not only boy- 
cott hasheries, but also merchant, 
livery stable, or other person, that 
refuses to credit a student." — Mil- 
waukee Sentinel. 

Since our last issue we have had 
a valuable addition to our ex- 
change list in the Southern Colle- 
gian, from Washington and Lee 
University. Its literary depart- 
ment is excellent and the other 
departments are above the aver- 
age. Its first article, " The Grow- 
ing Danger," is well written, 
thoughtful and true. The Dis- 
quisition on the Dude is inge- 
niously gotten up, and the discus- 
sion on "A Question of the Day" 
is interesting and instructive. 

"Professor," said a cheeky Soph, 
"is there any danger of disturbing 
the magnetic currents of that 
compass if I examine it too close- 
ly?" And the stern Professor, 
loving his little joke, replied : " No, 
sir; brass has no effect whatever 
upon them." — Ex. 


Justice to our Home Colleges. 

Care should be taken lest injus- 
tice be done our home institutions 
of learning by publishing the 
numbers at colleges abroad with- 
out statinghowmany genuine "col- 
lege students" are among them. 
Things "are not always what they 
seem" in this respect. The cata. 



logues of many.institutions called 
colleges by way of courtesy only 
will show upon examination pre- 
cious few college students proper- 
ly so-called. The truth is that 
there are few if any institutions of 
learning at the South with longer 
lists of students than those of our 
North Carolina colleges. There 
are institutions without number 
which report in every instance 
many hundreds of students, but 
they cannot in any proper sense 
be called institutions of " learn- 
ing." No "learning" is to be ac- 
quired by attendance on their 
exercises. They teach lessons but 
by no means to " college stu- 
dents." They are, in many in- 
stances, not properly to be graded 
above the ordinary grammar 
school. Barring the University 
of Virginia, the Washington and 
Lee University and perhaps the 
Tulane University, in Louisiana, 
of Which we know nothing except 
that it has been very richly en- 
dowed, there are no institutions 
of real learning in the South to be 
ranked now with our State Uni- 
versity. This is a fact which we 
do not ordinarily appreciate, but 
it is a fact nevertheless. North 
Carolina is on an educational 
boom, so to speak, as well as an 
industrial boom. 

Wake Forest College is a re- 
markably fine school of the higher 
order 'of education. Davidson al- 
ways has been a most excellent 

school, and Trinity is but little 
behind these two, with a future o 
bright promise just opening be 
fore it. These are all colleges ir 
fact as in name, and their student; 
are " college students" in fact 
The two hundred genuine univer 
sity students at our State Uni 
versity ought never to be conj 
trasted to the disadvantage o 
North Carolina with the man) 
hundreds of students sometime; 
reported by institutions outsidt 
the State, which may, and probaj 
bly are found on examination tc 
be, made up largely of those whcj 
have gone to school but a few 
months in their lives, and arq 
barely able to enter the lowesj 
preparatory class. North 'Card 
lina papers should be particularly 
careful to do justice to our Uni 
versity in this respect. — Neiusam 

The above needs no commem 
from us ; it explains itself. 

Professor Proctor, in his new 

book on " Chance and Luck,' 

undertakes to tell the chances o 

getting heads or tails in tossing i 

penny. If you toss an hourj 

"heads" will not exceed "tails," ot 

"tails" "heads" in a greater ratio 

than 21 to 20. If you toss for a, 

day the inequality will not be 

greater than 101 to 100. 

* * 
" In the gymnasium of Corry 

ville is a class of charming young 



ladies, about fifty in number, who 
seek to render themselves more 
charming by scientific exercise. 
Sometime ago, in the absence of 
the professor, they organized a 
game of foot-ball, and for a time 
the fun waxed fast and furious. 
After several goals and touch- 
downs, one of the girls in her en- 
deavor to give the ball a violent 
kick, missed her aim, and the re- 
sult was the loss of six, beautiful, 
white, pearly teeth, two of which 
have never been found." 
I We would recommend to the 
young lady students of this coun- 
try, that foot ball is not a suitable 
game for them ; "they ain't built 
that way." 

* * 
; Never imitate. Be natural. Be 
yourself. There are none of us 
'but frequently see those who are 
our superiors in some directions 
'at least. And while it is well 
enough to attempt to profit by 
the comparison, it is unnecessary 
to do so by copying. There is a 
great, though intangible, differ- 
ence .between imitating a virtue 
and striving to equal it. Take no 
man as a model. No man is en- 
tirely worthy of being one. True 
there are a great many men who 
are your superiors. But you are 
■young yet and will grow. Never 
admit that you cannot develop 
into as good a man, as strong a 
iman, as able a man as he who ex- 
! cited your admiration. To do so 

is to destroy the last possibility of 
great achievements. If you make 
a success as a copy, what of that? 
Any one can copy. It is he who 
originates that wins honor. Never 
imitate! Be natural! Be yourself! 
— Ex. 

„ * 
The graduating class of the 
Marzellen-Gymnasium inKolu has 
been nicely caught. In preparing 
for the final examination in math- 
ematics, they connected the room 
in which the examination was to 
take place with the garret, by 
means of an old telephone. After 
the examination was all finished, 
some one anonymously informed 
the Faculty that during the ex- 
amination a special mathemati- 
cian had been posted in the gar- 
ret, where, through a hole in the 
ceiling, he could read the exam- 
ples on the board. After copying, 
he solved them and communicated 
the results by telephone to the 
students below. Of course the 
whole examination has been re- 
jected. — Ex. 

The Brooklyn Magazine. 

Mr. Beecher's last contribution 
to periodical literature opens the 
April Brooklyn Magazine, and 
proves to be a most vigorous arti- 
cle, giving the great preachers 
opinion of dancing, social amuse- 
ments and tobacco, in a general 
consideration of "Youthful Ex- 
cesses and Old Age." The dead 



preacher's four* last sermons are 
also printed in the number, 
and a most eloquent tribute is 
paid to his memory by the edi- 
tor. The balance of the num- 
ber breathes of spring-time, 
flowers, and Easter. Rev. T. De 
Witt Talmage contributes a bright 
"Easter Recollection;" Mrs. M. 
J. Gorton describes the "Fruits 
and Flowers of California;" two 
other writers describe " Spring 
Time in the Forests" and "The 
Gardens of Egypt," while poets 
sing sweetly of budding spring 
and the carol of birds. A notice- 
able feature is the reproduction, 
in the author's own autograph, of 
the famous poem, " Curfew Must 
Not Ring To-night," by Rose 
Hartwick Thorpe, to which hun- 
dredsof the admirers of this world- 
famed song will be attracted. 
Four bright and entertaining com- 
plete short stories are told by 
Florence L. Snow, Lee C. Harby, 
and Robert McPhail, and Alfred 
E. Lee takes us in a most delight- 
ful "Journey Through Southern 
Spain," while Alice B. Busbee de- 
scribes the life and habits of the 
famous band of Mus-qua-ka In- 
dians now settled in Iowa. A 
clever glimpse behind the curtain 
of "Society at Washington" is 
given by Flora Adams Darling, 
to Which an excellent complement 
is found in Seaton Donoho's se- 
ries of " Stories and Memories of 
Washington." Mrs. Beecher has 

her usual " Monthly Talk," and i 
score or more of other writers as 
sist in making this a most excel 
lent and the best number ye1 
issued of The Brooklyn. WitI 
the next issue the magazine 
changes its name for that of the 
American Magazine, when it wil 
be fully illustrated, and its price 
increased. 130-132 Pearl street 

New York. 

* * 

Scribner's Magazine for Ma> 
opens with an article on "The 
Development of the Steamship,' 
by Commander F. E. Chadwick 
of the Navy, in which he tracer 
the rise and progress of stearri 
navigation, and describes the dej 
velopments in naval architecture 
from the early efforts of Fultor 
down to the magnificent ocear 
steamers down to the present day 
The preparation of such a history 
with the thoroughness whicl 
marks this article, was made pos 
sible by the; International Shipj 
ping Exhibition, held at Liver 
pool in 1886, where was gatherecj 
an unequalled collection of model 
and other material illustrating the 
history of navigation. The arti 
cle is accompanied by profuse |lj 
lustrations, several of which are 
from instantaneous photograph.' 
of the finest modern steamship^ 
in motion. 

Those whose curiosity has been 
aroused by the earlier chapters ol 
J. S. of Dale's entertaining novel 



pette, "The Residuary Legatee," 
icannot fail to be pleased with the 
[conclusion which is reached in 
t this number. 
I The Thackary letters compris- 
ing the second instalment of this 
[' collection, were written in 1849, 
i-when he was engaged upon "Pen- 
! dennis," and are especially inter- 
besting from their frequent allu- 
sions to the characters in the 
; novel, and also to Dickens and 
.his " David Copperfield," which 
was then appearing. These letters 
are a delightful revelation of the 
r,personality of Thackeray, and a 
I most important aid to the proper 
[(appreciation of his character, 
t Prof. N. S. Shaler contributes a 
• valuable paper on the " Forests of 
rNorth America," in which he dis- 
1 plays a rare power of bringing 
'out the picturesque and practical 
interest of a subject without im- 
I pairing the scientific value of its 
treatment. It is written in the 
'same interesting style that marked 
ithe author's paper on " Earth- 
quakes, " in a previous number of 

the same magazine, and discusses 
the subject from an economic as 
well as from a scientific stand- 
point. Numerous and unusually 
beautiful illustrations of trees and 
forest-scenes add to its value and 

"Seth's Brother's Wife" con- 
tinues its masterly pictures of life 
in Central New York, and still 
further develops the strong plot 
that has been gradually revealing 
itself. Margaret Crosby contrib- 
utes a short story of Nantucket, 
in which she has caught admira- 
bly the local flavor of the place; 
and Arlo Bates closes the number 
with an article on "Words and 
Music," in which he sets forth and 
ably defends some striking opin- 
ions as to their relations to each 

The number also contains a 
poem, "At Last," by Phillip 
Bourke Marston, with a short 
biographical note by Mrs. Louise 
Chandler Moulton; and shorter 
verse by Susan Coleridge, Percival 
Lowell, and Mrs. Piatt. 



The College World. 

Claudius Dockery. 

=Lehigh has a professorship of 
the Theory and Practice of Photo- 

= It is said that Professor Max 
Miiller, of Leipsic University, has 
forty-two titles and honorary 
suffixes to his name. 

=Amherst college is to estab- 
lish a professorship of Physical 
Culture with an endowment of 
fifty thousand dollars as a memo- 
rial of Henry Ward Beecher. 

=At Harvard, the " first mem- 
ber of the class to whom a child 
is born in lawful wedlock" receives 
the "class cradle." At Yale it is 
a silver cup as it is at Trinity and 
most other colleges. 

^Columbia has over 9,000 

=Only nine of the five hundred 
Universities and colleges of this 
country were founded before the 

=George W. Childs will pre- 
sent to the West Point Military 
Academy a life-size painting of 
General Grant. 

=The Cambridge University 
Boat Club has appointed a com- 
mittee to make arrangements 

with the Harvard University Boat 
Club for a race between the Cam- 
bridge and Harvard crews to take 
place in America sometime during 
the month of September. 

^Commissioner Eaton says 
there are 17,000,000 persons in 
the United States who should be 
in school. 

=The Kent Laboratory at Yale 
will, it is said, when completed be 
the finest building of the kind in 
the country, and will cost $80,000. 

=These are the costs of vari- 
ous college gymnasiums : Har 
vard, $110,000; Yale, $125,000 
Princeton, $38,000; Amherst 
$65,000; Columbia, $166,000 
Williams, $40,000; Cornell, $40, 
000; Lehigh, $40,000; Dartmouth,] 
$25,000; University of California, 

=The brain of the late Profes- 
sor Olney, of the University of 
Michigan, weighed 61 ounces. 
The average normal weight of the 
human brain is 49 ounces. Web- 
ster's brain weighed 56 ounces. 

= Harvard will establish a sum- 
mer school of athletics designed 
for teachers. Dr. Sargent's sys- 
tem of physical training will be 



taught by means of lectures, ex- 
; aminations, and exercises, to be 
i preceded and followed by a pre- 
: scribed course of reading. The 
course will begin on July 6th and 
continue for six weeks. The cost 
1 of instruction will be $50. —Ex. 

= In the debate between stu- 
dents of Rutgers and Union in 

: New York city, the representa- 
tives of the latter college were 

■ the winners. 

. 1 =Not long since the students 
at Cambridge University, Eng- 
land, uprooted the tree which was 
planted there some months ago 

' by Mr. Gladstone. 


r =In connection with the exer- 

, cises of commencement week, 
June 25th and 30th, 1887, the 
University of Michigan will cele- 
brate its 50th anniversary. 

1 =The students of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania have adopted 
: the Oxford cap and gown as a 
\ college dress. They take every 
opportunity of parading through 
the streets of Philadelphia where 
they naturally attract a great deal 
of attention. 

=The permanent annual in- 
:: come of the University of Minne- 
sota has been increased by 


=The Board of Regents of the 
University of Michigan have asked 
for an» appropriation of $146,000. 

=So the State of Michigan has 
practically made three hundred 
thousand dollars out of her Uni- 
versity investment in addition to 
the fact that it, more than any 
other of her institutions, has made 
her name known all over the 
world ! — Ann Arbor Chronicle. 

= Forty thousand dollars and a 
million acres of land have recently 
been given to the State Univer- 
sity of Texas. 

=The first degree of D. D. was 
bestowed by Harvard on Increase 
Mather, in 1692, and the first LL. 
D. on George Washington, in 

=General Francis A. Walker 
and Professor Goodwin were 
among those honored Saturday by 
Columbia college with the title of 
LL. D., while Alice E. Freeman, 
president of Wellesley College, 
and Professor Child of Harvard 
were among those who received 
the title of doctor of letters. D. 
D. was conferred upon. Rev. Phil- 
lips Brooks. 

=The University of Pennsylva- 
nia has a " Book Exchange" 
through which the students can 
dispose of college text-books. 

=Of the nineteen New England 
colleges, the buildings, grounds, 
etc.. are valued at $9,647,500, 
whilst the ninety-seven Southern 
colleges have buildings, etc., to 
the amount of $8,016,750. The 



New England States pay per capita 
for college buildings and endow- 
ments $5.51, and the Southern 
States $1.91 per capita for the 
same purposes. 

==Fhe Occident (University of 
California) closes an account of a 
meeting of a literary society with 
the following: "Upon the conclu- 
sion of the programme, college 
songs were sung, and the audience 
being by this time thoroughly 
awakened, departed." 

=It is said that a majority of 
the Michigan State Legislature 
are graduates of the University of 
Michigan. No difficulty is ever 
experienced in passing appropria- 
tion bills to increase the income 
of that State institution. 

:=The following colleges are ex- 
pected to send picked companies 
to compete for the prizes at the 
National Drill, at Washington, 
this month: Alabama State Uni- 
versity, Iowa State University, 
Chester College (Pennsylvania), 
University of Tennessee, and 
Bethel College. Other colleges 
may enter their names by the 
time of the Drill. 

=The greatest evil in Southern 
education, it seems to me, is the 
fact that we have so many colleges 
and universities. — Prof. Charles 
Foster Smith. 

=The Hasty Pudding Club 
founded at Harvard in 1795, is 

now the leading Seniorand Junioi 
society. The origin of its name 
is as follows: In the year 1795, a 
member of the class of 1797, whcj 
was suffering from ill health, hired 
an old lady living near by to cook 
for him regularly some hasty 
pudding, thinking that this diet 
would be beneficial. As he seem-; 
ed to thrive under this treatment, 
a number of his classmates tried 
the same experiment, and the' 
"pudding men," as they were! 
styled, met each evening in the! 
room of one of the members, : 
when plenty of hasty pudding 
was supplied. At first no thoughts 
of a regular club existed, but later 
a large and thriving society sprang 
from this simple proceeding. — Ex. 
=At Cornell, the total enroll- 
ment for the year is 829, of which 
number 41 are resident graduates; 
97 Seniors, 145 Juniors, 178 Soph- 
omores, 323 Freshmen and 45 
Special students. An improve- 
ment over last year is a summary 
by States. In the former civil 
engineering heads the list with 
112 students; mechanical engi- 
neering follows with 109; letters; 
come next with 82; then follow 
electrical engineering, 59 ; phil- 
osophy, 58; science, 57; architec- 
ture, 45 ; arts, 44 ; agriculture, 33; 
chemistry, 7; and medical prepara- 
tory, 3. In the summary by resi-i 
dences New York of course leads 
with 497; Pennsylvania is next 
with 54 ; Ohio follows het close 



with 53 ; then with the single ex- 
ception of Arkansas all the States 
in the Union are represented by 
delegations of varying number. 

=Centre College of Ken- 
tucky, Danville, Ky. — Centre 
College, founded in 1819, is the 
most important southern institu- 
tion controlled by the Northern 
Presbyterian church, The col- 
lege'offers two courses, a classical 
and a scientific. In the college 
department there are six profes- 
sors and about one hundred stu- 
dents. No institution in Ken- 
tucky sends out year by year a 
:arger class of graduates. There 
!s also a preparatory department. 
' — Ex. 

I =Bethany College, Betha- 
ny, West Virginia.— At Betha- 
:iy College there are usually about 
iiinety students, including ten or 
ifteen women. The faculty con- 
sists of five professors. Degrees 
ire given in arts and in science. 
The courses of study requisite for 
1 degree are composed of pre- 
scribed studies; but, after the 
ashion of many colleges, the stu- 
dent is permitted to take his stud- 
es in almost any order that his 
lecessities require. For example, 
;.ie may be a sophomore in Latin 
,vhile he is a junior in mathemat- 
ics. The college was founded in 
"841 and for some time was under 
he care of Alexander Campbell, 
he first leader of the religious de- 

nomination called Disciples. It 
is the chief educational institution 
of that denomination, and accord- 
ingly draws its students from 
many States. 

=Universityof California, 
Berkeley, Cal. — The University 
of California is controlled by the 
State. Its buildings and grounds 
are worth a million dollars, and 
the productive funds amount to 
almost two millions. The uni- 
versity was founded in 1868, and 
absorbed the College of Califor- 
nia, which was founded in 1855. 
In the undergraduate department 
are courses leading to degrees in 
arts, letters, philosophy and 
science. The museums, laborato- 
ries and libraries are extremely 
valuable, being conducted upon 
the most modern plan. In the 
undergraduate department there 
are about two hundred and fifty 
students, including about fifty 
women. There are eighteen pro- 
fessors and fourteen other instruc- 
tors. The professional schools 
are in San Francisco. They are 
devoted to medicine, dentistry, 
pharmacy and law, with an aggre- 
gate attendance of about two hun- 
dred and sixty. The officers of 
instruction in the professional 
schools number fifty-seven. The 
university will soon have an ob- 
servatory with a telescope more 
powerful than any heretofore 
made, the cost to be $700,000. — 



=Brown University, Prov- 
idence, R. I. — Brown University 
has seventeen instructors and five 
other instructors. The students 
number usually between two hun- 
dred and fifty and three hundred. 
Women are not admitted. The 
popular course is the one leading 
to A. B., although there are a few 
in the Ph. B. course. Beginning 
with junior year, about one-third 
of the work is elective. Rhode 
Island's share of the national land 
grant for agricultural and mechan- 
ical colleges was by the Legisla- 
ture assigned to Brown, but that 
fact has not appreciably affected 
the courses of study. In fact, the 
professor of agricultural zoology 
is about the only visible mark of 
the agricultural and mechanical 
department. The university was 
founded in 1764. It is governed 
by a board of trustees, in which 
body various religious denomina- 
tions have a certain representation 
that was long ago fixed upon; but 
the majority of the trustees must 
be Baptists, and so must the Pres- 
ident of the University; and this 
is the reason why Brown, though 
really unsectarian, is always con- 
sidered a Baptist institution. — Ex. 

=Boston University, Bos- 
ton, Mass. — The college depart 
ment of Boston University i; 
overshadowed by the professional 
schools. While the attendance 
upon the school of law and medi 
cine and theology is in the aggre 
gate usually more than three hun| 
dred and fifty, the attendance upori 
the college of liberal arts rarely 
exceeds one hundred and forty 
Women are admitted to all de 
partments. The course of stud) 
in the college is largely elective 
The university is under Methodist 
control; but, because of its adi 
mitting women and because of it^ 
having the only medical school ir 
New England not controlled b> 
the so-called regular school o 
physicians, it has interested man} 
persons outside of the Methodist 
denomination, and has been pre 
vented from becoming merely sec 
tarian. The theological school is 
however, strictly devoted to the 
Methodist Episcopal church. The 
university was founded in 1869 
It has ample means. The build 
ings stand in the heart of the city 1 
and there are no dormitories ex 
cept in connection with the theo 
logical school. 



College Record. 

Stephen B. Weeks. 

— Prof. G. F. A. blushed when 
esident Battle called him an old 
chelor'xn the chapel one morning. 

I — Marshall and Toms make first- 
ate girls. They can even take in 
.ome of the Professors. 

: — Prof. Love will soon begin 
-he erection of a dwelling on the 
ij.alf of the Swain lot next to Dr. 

—Mr. R. S. MacRae recently 
'urchased the small house just 
^ack of his store (formerly Harris'), 
•,sed at one time as the post-office, 
urned it around, repaired and 

tainted it, and will rent. 


: j — Prof. Fred. Page and his wife, 
(ilind musicians, visited us recent- 
iY and gave an entertainment in 
he chapel. We hear it much 
•raised by some who were pres- 

' —Rev. Mr. Weir, of Philadel- 
phia, representing the Reform 
Association of that city, was here 
he first of May, and set forth the 
'bject of his organization. His 
•bject was to show by historic 
•roofs that this is a government 
ormed on religious beliefs and on 
recognition of the God of the 
Jible; that there are parties and 

organizations whose principle it is 
to fight this recognition and to 
endeavor to blot it out; and, that 
the object of the Reform Associa- 
tion is to fight this evil tendency. 

Gymnastic. — Monday, April n, 
tiresome text-books and boring 
professors were laid aside, and the 
day spent in sport. We give the 
programme of the exercises at the 
gymnasium. In the afternoon 
there was a match game of base- 


Horizontal Bar — Won by Smith 
and Scott. 

Parallel Bars — Won by Smith 
and Thorpe. 

Rings — Won by Smith and 

Ladder— Won by Smith and 

Indian Clubs — Won by Scott 
and Parker. 

Horse — Won by Smith, Parker 
and Winborne. 

One-Hundred-Yard Dash — Won 
by Davis, H. 

Throwing Base Ball — Won by 
Battle, W. ; distance, 76 paces. 

Half-Mile Run— Won by Parker, 
F.; time, 2:57. 



Long Jump — Won by Smith 
and Parker; distance, ii:4f. 

Three-Legged Race (ioo yards) 
- -Won by Davis and Shaw; time, 
6 minutes. 

Gymnasium Wardens — L. M. 
Bourne, President; C. F. Smith, 
Haywood Parker, W. M. Little, 
O. D. Batchelor, Hayne Davis, 
W. E. Headen, W. M. Curtis, L. 
D. Howell. 

Judges- — Prof. F. P. Venable, 
Hayne Davis, Prof. W. B. Phillips, 
L. D. Howell, W. M. Curtis. 

Time-Keeper — H. W. Scott. 

Gymnasium Medal won by C. 
F. Smith. 

Medals. — The society medals 
this year were all awarded by com- 
mittees and with the change "So- 
ciety politics" is fast becoming a 
nullity. The winners in the Di. 
Society are : Debater's, J. F. Mc- 
Iver, class '87, Winder ; Declaim- 
er's, M. W. Egerton, '89, Hender- 
sonville. Committee of award : 
R. H. Battle, Raleigh ; Prof. Eben 
Alexander, Prof. J. Lee Love. The 
winner of the Essayist's was C. G. 
Foust, '89, Columbia Factory. 
Committee : John W. Graham, 
Hillsboro ; J. N. Staples, Greens- 
boro.; T. M. Argo, Raleigh. 

In the Phi the fortunate men 
were : Debater, St. Clair Hester, 
class '88, Kittrell, Declaimer, S. M. 
Blount, 90, Washington. Commit- 
tee : Col. W. H. S. Burgwyn, Hen- 
derson ; Chas. B. Aycock, Golds- 

boro ; Prof. Geo. T. Winston 
Essayist's, William S. Wilkinson 
'87, Tarboro. Committee : Johi 
W.Graham, Hillsboro; Hon. Thos 
S. Kenan, Raleigh; Hon. H. G 
Connor, Wilson. 

University Lecture. — Prof. J ! 
W.Goredelivereda lecture on "So 
lar Heat," April 30. Commencing 
with a quotation " Whence are th} 1 
beams, O sun," he proceeded tc 
discuss the various theories ad 
vanced to account for their origin 1 
mentioning the meteoric theor) 
and the fallacies in it ; that o 
contraction and where it failed 
then that of more recent date, the 
"ray force" theory, hailing frorr 
Chicago, its strong and weak side 
then concluded by predicting ar 
eternity of fame to him who shal, 
give the final and true solution 
In the beginning of the lecture he 
gave some very interesting figure: 
concerning the amount of heal 
received by us and of that senl 
out into space. 

Prof. Gore lectured not Ions 
since before the Mitchell Societ) 
on Galileo (1 564-1642), his life 
and times, writings and influence 

LambdaChapter of the Phi Kap 
pa SigmaFraternityand its alnmn 
are now erecting a hall in Chape 
Hill. This is the first hall of the 
kind ever erected and owned ir 
the State. It is situate in fron' 
of the old Methodist church, is i 



rame building, with a basement, 
s painted black with yellow 
rimming. This Fraternity was 
irst organized here in 1857, 
r udge Welkner, of Florida ; F. 
\/L. Leigh and David M. Jig- 
jitts, of Mississippi, are among 
ts most distinguished members of 
:hat time. It disbanded in 1861, 
eorganized in 1877, and has num- 
>ered among its members since 
hen Wm. B. Phillips. Ph.D., Pro- 
cessor of Agricultural Chemistry 
md Mining in the University; 
fames S. Manning, now a promi- 
nent young lawyer of Durham ; 
jDr. Julian M. Baker, of Tarboro; 
?rank Battle Dancy, Assistant 
Chemist State Experiment Sta- 
tion, Raleigh; Rev. Robt. Strange, 
jastor of the Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh, and Edwin A. 
Alderman, Superintendant of the 
'joldsboro Graded Schools. It 
Slow has ten active members. 

: Dr. Lafferty. — On the evening 
)f April 21, Rev. J. J. Lafferty, 
0. Lit., editor of the Richmond 
r.Va.) Christian Advocate, delivered 
:i lecture in Gerrard Hall. His 
riubject was "A Hundred Years of 
■Progress," sketching in a general 
vay the progress made during the 
; ast hundred years in railroads, facilities, medicine, surgery, 
lie, drawing, in his own inimita- 
ble style, the most amusing com- 
parison between those days and 
r)urs, interspersing his remarks 
vith brilliant flashes of wit 

and sallies of humor, and keep- 
ing his audience for much of the 
time in roars of laughter. His 
fame as a humorous lecturer is 
very wide, he is known as the 
Sidney Smith of the South. Is 
a graduate of Emory and Henry 
College, Georgia. The proceeds 
from the lecture go to the new 
Methodist church, and about fifty 
dollars was realized. 

The corner-stone of this church 
was laid at 10 o'clock, Saturday 
morning, April 30, in accordance 
with the rules laid down in the 
Discipline. The stone is of white 
marble, was placed in the north- 
west angle of the wall, and has the 
following inscription : " Chapel 
Hill Church. Rev. W. S. Black, 
D. D., P. E. Rev. J. R. Griffith, 
P. C. P. 1887. G. K. Hundley, 
architect." Under the stone was 
placed a Bible, a Discipline, a 
copy of the April number of the 
University Magazine, and other 
mementoes of the day. 

The Shakespeare Club has 

closed the first year of its exist- 
ence, and has succeeded beyond 
the hopes of its most ardent sup- 
porters. The membership now 
numbers 46 active, 4 honorary, 
and 1 associate. A room has 
been fitted up as a library 
and study, a book case, tables, 
lamps, chairs and a writing-desk 
secured, and about 75 volumes, 
bearing more or less on the sub- 



ject, placed in the library, and it 
has closed the year out of debt. 
That it has done much to stimu- 
late the boys to a greater and 
more thorough study of the mas- 
ter, and that it has become a val- 
uable adjunct and ally to the 
English Department of the Uni- 
versity, and that as such, it de- 
serves the fostering care and en- 
couragement of all friends of edu- 
cation, no one can deny. 

At the last meeting in April the 
Sonnets were discussed, Dr. Hume 
going into a very elaborate dis- 
cussion on the views taken by 
different critics and commentators 
as to their real meaning. Prof. 
Winston made some remarks and 
was followed by several students, 
who spoke on different lines. A 
plan for the next year's work was 
read and discussed, and will be 
published later. 

The Club is indebted to the 
University Minstrel Troupe for a 
very fine set of Hudson's Harvard 
Shakespeare, in twenty volumes. 

The Club discussed the advisa- 
bility of publishing a journal, and 
appointed a committee to look 
into the master and make arrange- 
ments. We hope they will do so. 
There is nothing which can bring 
it into prominence more or stimu- 
late its members to more active, 
earnest work than such a record of 
their labors. Let us have it, by 
all means. 

Y. M. C. A. — Good news comes 
in all along the line from the wort 
in schools and colleges. The Con 
vention did them good, stirre 
them up, set them to thinking anc 
to working. The Association her^ 
has adopted a new constitutio 
and has started out on a new anc 
more extended career of useful 
ness. The constitution adopted 
is based on that sent out by the 
International Committee, and otf 
the one used here in i860. (Our 
is perhaps the second oldest col 
lege Association in the worlds- 
founded May, i860 — the oldesl 
being the one at the Universit) 
of Virginia, founded in Novem 
ber, 1859, by R- ev - Thos. Hume 
Jr., D. D., our Professor of Eng 
lish, and others.) Associate mem 
bers are received, but undercertah 
restrictions ; four meetings are 
held a week, none on Saturda) 
night as heretofore; the regula 
officers, five in number, constitute 
the Executive Committee, and tc 
them is entrusted the genera 
management of the Association : 
the fee is 50 cents per term fol 
active and 25 cents for associate 
members. There will be a devd 
tional committee to attend to al 
religious exercises, one on member 
ship to visit students and invite 
them to join, and one on mission' 
ary zvork to provide regular month 
ly meetings in the interest of home 
and foreign missions. No debt is 
to be incurred by the Association 



'he object of the organization 
; a grand one, and should be 
warmly fostered by the Trustees 
nd other friends of the Univer- 
ity. They have recently placed 
new chandelier in their hall. 
)fricers for next year are: W. M. 
jttle, President; Geo. S. Wills, 
7ice-President; D. J. Currie, Cor- 
esponding Secretary; C.A.Webb, 
Lecording Secretary; H. L. Har- 
t's, Treasurer. 

Portraits. — Two more oil por- 
; raits were added to the collection 
elonging to the Phi. Society in 
iVpril. Jacob Thompson, pre- 
sented by his widow, Mrs. Jacob 
Thompson, Memphis, Tenn. Mr. 
Thompson was born in Caswell 
ounty, N. C, May 15, 1810; en- 
tered the University in 1827 and 
raduatedin 1831, along with Hon. 
ames Grant, Judge SuperiorCourt 
A Iowa, Rev. W. W. Spear, D. D., 
Ton. Calvin Jones, Chancellor of 
Tennessee, and Professor J. De 
terniere Hooper; was tutor here 
rom 1831 to 1833 ; studied law, 
; nd emigrated to Chickasaw coun- 
y, Mississippi, in 1835, and de- 
moted himself to its development 
nth so much energy and enthusi- 
sm and with so much success 
hat he was elected to Congress in 
839 and served until 1853, declin- 
ig a United States Senatorship 
endered him by the Governor of 
I Mississippi in 1845. In Congress 

he was chairman of the Committee 
on Indian Affairs for some years, 
a zealous defender of Mississippi 
and the Democratic party, when 
the cry of "repudiation" was 
ringing throughout the land. He 
opposed the compromise of 1850 
as not conceding enough to the 
South. Declined reelection in 
1853, and went into private life. 
March 6, 1856, President Pierce 
offered him the portfolio of the 
Interior Department. President 
Buchanan continued him in his 
Cabinet, but he resigned January 
7, 1861, when arrangements were 
being made to reinforce Fort 
Sumpter. In i860 was appointed 
by Mississippi as special agent to 
visit North Carolina and urge up- 
on her secession from the Union. 
Was Lieutenant-Colonel and In- 
spector-General C. S. A., 1862 and 
1863, and confidential agent of the 
Confederate States to the Domin- 
ion of Canada 1864-1865. After 
the close of the war was in private 
life. Died March 24, 1885. A 
tablet has been placed to his mem- 
ory recently, in Memorial Hall. 

The second portrait was that of 
Joseph J. Daniel, of Halifax coun- 
ty. Judge Daniel was born in 
1783, came to the University in 
1801, but, like Wm. Rufus King, 
remained only a few months. Stu- 
died law under General William 
Richardson -Davie, U. S. Minister 
to France; was a member of the 
General Assembly in 1807 and 

42 o 


1812; in 1816 was elected Judge 
of the Superior Court, which po- 
sition he filled "acceptably, ably 
and faithfully" until 1832,. when 
he was made Associate Justice of 
the Supreme Court. Death found 
him in this exalted position in 
February, 1848. 

The Mischianza, so called from 
a Tory party held by the British 
in Philadelphia in 1776, was a great 
success. It was held in Gymnasium 
Hall, May 3d. The evening was 
pleasant; the cake, ice-cream and 
lemonade excellent ; the costumes 
varied and accurate ; the gentle- 
men polite and courteous; the 
ladies charming and lovely. 

The proceeds(about $[00) go to 
fitting up the hall of the Young 
Men's Christian Association. Spe- 
cial thanks are due Mrs. J. VV. 
Gore and Mrs. J. Lee Love, to 
Messrs. R. G. Grissom, Haywood 
Parker, W. S. Wilkerson, and oth- 
ers, for the taste and elegance with 
which the entertainment was got- 
ten up. 

The characters were introduced 
at the beginning of the grand 
promenade, by Mr. St. Clair Hes- 
ter, master of ceremonies for the 
evening, and refreshments were 
then served. Prof. Atkinson and 
Mrs. J. W. Gore (Mary Queen of 
Scotts) sang the " Honest Muske- 
teer." "Auld Lang Syne" was 
sung by a full chorus. 

At a late hour, all returned tc 
their homes well pleased with thij 
evening's entertainment, and long 
ing to see such pleasant scene 
renewed. The following is a lis 
of the characters represented : 

Mary Queen of Scotts and Ear! 
of Northumberland. 

Highland Lassie and Cow-Boyj 
Night and Sailor Boy. 

Bettie the Milk Maid and Plov\ 

Josephine and Rip Van Winkle 

Snow Flake and the Israelite. 

Pocahontas and Captain Joht 

Joan of Arc and Fortunatus. 

Austrian Peasant Girl and Unci 

Cleopatra and Hiawatha. 

Queen Elizabeth and Sailo 
Heindrick Vedder. 

Last Rose of Summerand High 

land Chief. 

Gypsy Queen and Cardinal Rich 


Dairy Maid and Turk. . 
Morning and Sir Philip Sydney 
Maud Muller and Coriolanus. I 
Marguerite and A Crank. 

Lady Washington and Gyps}' 


Puritan Girl and Indian Chief. 1 
Jay Green and Aunt Dinah. 
Little Bopeep and Modern Flirt 
Blind Flower Girl and Cour 


Red Riding Hood and Ho 

Cross Bun Man. 



; Fairies — Heathen Chinee and 
Falstaff — a soldier. 

Mother Hubbard and Satan. 

Butter Cup and the Spanish 

German Peasant Girl and Ger- 
man Peasant. 

Rebecca and Richard Cceur de 

Minnehaha and Alladin. 

Oscar Wilde and Miss Mont- 

Elisha Mitchell Scientific So- 
ciety. — Natural History Lecture 
Room, March 22. — Prof. Graves 
delivered the second lecture in the 
Historical series. Subject: "A 
iSketch of Mathematical and Phys- 
ical Sciences from Aristarchus to 

: April 12th — XXVII Regular 
meeting. — Prof. Holmes presided. 
iTwenty-one present. The first 
paper was one by Professor Atkin- 
[son on 


Prof. Atkinson described a mite, 
^probably a new species, which was 
found in the muscles of the ante- 
brachium and mamis of the red- 
bellied woodpecker (centuruscaro- 
linus) by a student in the labora- 
tory, G. W. Edwards. The mite 

is *V of an mcn l° n g by & °f an 
inch broad. It appears like mi- 
aute whitish spots under the sar- 
:olemma of the muscle. A mag- 
nified drawing and a microscopic 
preparation of the mite were ex- 

hibited. Attention was called to 
similar mites infesting man, the 
horse, ox, etc. 

Tarhipes riversi, which was de- 
scribed and exhibited at a meeting 
during the fall, was shown in its 
cell of earth in a glass jar, where 
it has remained, glowing, all win- 
ter. A younger specimen was 
collected April 8th, but died after 
a few days' confinement. 


Mr. Lynch reported the dates 
of flowering of upwards of fifty 
species of plants in this section of 
country, observed by him during 
the present season. The observa- 
tions will be continued. 


Dr. Phillips exhibited two draw- 
ings of certain phenomena met 
with in mining, and discussed the 
principles involved. He called 
attention to a kind of fault, first 
noticed and described by Kohler, 
of Clansthal, in 1880, as occurring 
in the Westphalian coal veins, and 
spoke of the difficulty of trans- 
lating the term " Verschiebung" 
into English. Kohler employed 
this term, and it has since been 
adopted into mining phraseology 
in Germany. 

Dr. Phillips showed a piece of 
this fire-clay from the Spout- 
Spring deposit, which had been 



tested in the retort of the Balti- 
more Fire-Brick and Retort Co., 
and pronounced by them to be of 
excellent quality. The clay is 
cream-colored and burns to a beau- 
tiful flesh-tint. 
Dr. Venable mentioned some 
recent experiments on this 
subject. It is shown that the 
amount of water in the atmos- 
phere is not increased appreciably 
and the purifying action of the 
aqueous vapor or small amounts 
of ozone formed is next to noth- 
ing. Such evaporation is, there- 
fore, useless. 


Dr. Venable discussed a recent 
lecture on this subject by Dr. 
Crookes, F. R. S., V. P. C. S. An 
outline of his argument was given, 
leading to the hypothesis of a 
primal nothingness named pro- 
tyle, from which the elements 

were formed. The cooling of the 
protyle and probable action of 
electricity causing the gradation 
of differences between these ele- 
ments. The suggestion as to lu- 
rniniferous ether and electricity 
being elements with negative 
atomic weights was also noticed. 


Prof. Holmes gave a number of 
of statistics as to the area and ele- 
vation of different sectious of the 
State. The approximate area is 
48,700 square miles; the average 
elevation is 727 feet ; average rain- 
fall, 50 inches; total rainfall, 176 
billion tons; loss by evaporation, 
132 billion tons; remainder, 44 
billion tons; generates 3,646,632 
horse power. These figures are 

The meeting then adjourned 
until May 10, after the reading by 
the Secretary of the list of ex- 
changes received by the Society, 
numbering 24. 


Qniversity Magazine, 

June, 1887. 

Old Series Vol. XIX. 
New Series Vol. VI. 


No. 10 



Jacob C. Johnson, 

Vernon W. Long, 

Stephen B. Weeks. 


Claudius Dockery, 

Eugene P. Withers, 

Richard N. Hackett. 

Literary Department. 

R. N. Hackett. 


[Condensed from Memorial Oration by Hon. John Kerr.] 

should likewise honor them, and 
thus aid them in their laudable 
aims, and incite others to imitate 
their high examples. 

But great men reflect as well as 
receive honor. States and King- 
doms are exalted, and rendered 

' Great men are the guide-posts and land- 
marks in the State. The credit of such men, 
at court and in the nation, is the sole cause 
of all the public measures." 

Such was the opinion of Burke, 
himself the greatest statesman of 
Europe, -at the brightest era of its 

It is sustained by the testimony illustrious, by the talents and vir- 
of history, and the reflections of tues of those whom they produce 

all well informed minds. 

We are forced to respect great 
men. Their influence for good or 
for evil is to a great extent irre- 
sistible. If they be virtuous we 

or whom they cherish. 

These reflections may lead us 
to appreciate properly the duties 
and proprieties of the present oc* 



We are assembled to render 
homage to the talents and virtues, 
and respect to the memory of one 
of the most gifted sons of North 

In the month of August, 1866, 
John Motley Morehead, hav- 
ing with eminent usefulness and 
fidelity served his generation, like 
the old monarch of Israel, "fell 
on sleep, and was laid unto his 
fathers." He was indeed a trite 
representative man of his State. 
His character was after the model 
of her own. He was great with- 
out ostentation. His talents were 
useful rather than shining. He 
was unambitious, save of honors 
which sought him, or were obtained 
without intrigue or base surrender 
to the immoral currents of popu- 
lar sentiment. In fine, though 
her son only by adoption and nur- 
ture, he bore her venerable image 
in a more striking development 
than any other one of her child- 
ren. He was very dear to her 
heart, and she was equally so to 

He was born, as is well known, 
in the county of Pittsylvania, 
State of Virginia, on the 4th day 
of July, 1796. At a very early 
stage of his infancy his parents 
moved to this county and settled 
upon the waters of the Dan. In 
this immediate vicinity, among 
the people of this county, he was 
brought up from the tender age 
of two years, and is therefore to 

be regarded to all intents as a son 
of Rockingham. 

He was the son of John More- 
head, Esquire, late of this county, 
who was well known to some of 
the older persons now present. 
His mother was Obedience Mot- 
ley, a native of Virginia, as was 
his father also. His parents were 
united in marriage in 1789, and 
he was their first-born son who 
lived to maturity — and was their 

The mother of my lamented 
friend was possessed of mental 
faculties of no ordinary cast, and 
of moral qualities which eminently! 
fitted her to train her offspring for 1 
the struggles of life. She was : 
tender and affectionate, and won 
the hearts of her children. She 
was frugal and industrious, and 
forced these habits on them. She 
was strict in discipline, without 
being capricious or tyrannical in 
humors. She recognized the fifth 
commandment as fundamental in 
household government, and would 
neither excuse nor wink at the 
slightest disregard of its sacred 
injunction. Her authority was 
maintained, not by operating on 
the servile fears of her children, 
but by the magic power of mater- 
nal love, in happy combination 
with maternal dignity. In the 
practical application of her system 
of government, a constant requi- 
sition of her children was that 
they should avoid bad company. 



And as they never went from 
home without her approbation, so 
;they remained their appointed 
time with cheerful self-approving 
hearts and returned to meet a 
smiling face and receive the ma- 
ternal kiss, and relate the inci- 
dents of their juvenile travels to 
the ever-willing ears of their be- 
loved parents. 

'Twas under such auspices that 
John M. Morehead's childhood 
and early youth were passed. 
Could any have been better fitted 
to impart high moral forces to his 

But he was to be educated, and 
schools, except such as were of 
very inferior grade, were unknown 
in the vicinity in which he was 
brought up. 

By whom he was fir.vt taught I 
know not. I have only been able 
to learn that he studied Latin for 
m. short time with the friend of his 
early and his latter days — the late 
Judge Settle; that leaving him he 
was placed at the school of Dr. 
David Caldwell, by whom he was 
prepared for college, and from 
Dr. Caldwell's school he went to 
the University of ourState, where 
he graduated in 1817 with distinc- 
tion. While at school in early 
boyhood he was diligent in his 
application to his books, to a de- 
gree that impaired his health, and 
forced his father to detain him at 
home frequently. "He submitted 
to these interruptions under strong 

protest, and returned always to 
his studies with redoubled vigor." 
At college the same industry and 
energy marked his course, and he 
there gave assurance of his future 
eminence by the laurels he won 
in competion with such classmates 
as John Y. Mason, of Virginia, 
and James K. Polk, of Tennessee. 
Leaving the University, he en- 
tered himself a student of law in 
the office of the late Judge Archi- 
bald D. Murphy, a man of rare 
attainments — of talents and ge- 
nius of the highest order. From 
this eminent preceptor he learned 
in addition to the principles of 
the common law, much that ena- 
bled him to display in his subse- 
quent career, his consummate art 
and address as an advocate. 

Finishing his studies, he was 
licensed and came to the bar at 
Rockingham in 18 19. 

For the first three years of his 
professional life this village was 
the place of his residence — and 
here he formed attachments which 
subsequent vicissitudes neither 
destroyed nor weakened. 

Governor MOREHEAD, on com- 
ing to the Bar, soon obtained a 
competent practice, became prom- 
inent, and rapidly rose to emi- 

While residing here he was 
elected, in 1822, to the Legisla- 
ture, and returned as one of the 
members of the House of Com- 
mons for this county. What role 



he played in that session I know 
not, but it is certain his talents 
and attainments were such as to 
secure him high position in such 
a body. In the same year another 
event in his life occurred, which 
was perhaps the most potential in 
its. influence on his subsequent 
career of any that could have 
taken place. He was united in 
marriage to Eliza, the eldest child 
of the late Col. Robert Lindsay, 
of Guilford. All the advantages 
and bliss of a most fortunate mar- 
riage were in the dispensations of 
Providence allotted to Governor 
MOREHEAD. The lady of his 
early — perhaps his first — love be- 
came the wife of his bosom, the 
mother of his children, the sharer 
of all his fortunes and feelings, 
his counsellor and his gentle guide 
for more than forty years. 

There is no situation in which 
he was placed where he shone 
with a more attractive lustre than 
in his family circle. His charac- 
teristic discretion and wisdom 
were displayed in his choice of a 
wife. Her qualities of heart and 
mind were exactly suited to his 
taste, and the congeniality be- 
tween her and himself was striking 
even to a casual visitor to their 
hospitable home. They lived in 
the state of blessedness, which 
springs alone from such conge- 
niality, — themselves happy in one 
another, they diffused happiness 
to all around them and guided 

their children more by the influ- 
ence of this heaven-descending 
harmony than by the exercise of 
parental authority. Their child- 
ren saw that they zvere happy, and 
were rendered so by mutual affec- 
tion and mutual respect. They 
thus learned to love and respect 
one another, and became happy 
themselves in the society of each 
other. Home, with all its sacred 
influences, was endeared to them, 
and they were preserved from the 
manifold undercurrents of vice 
which flow without, beyond the 
reach of the parental eye. 

Soon after his marriage Gov. 
MOREHDAI) left Rockingham and 
became a citizen of Guilford coun- 
ty, in which he resided for the 
residue of his life. As in this, so 
in that county, he soon became 
the "foremost man of all," and 
was elected in 1827 to represent 
Guilford in the Legislature. It ! 
was at this session that he came 
in conflict with John Stanley, in 
debate on a proposition, as I 
learn, having reference to a change 
in our judicial system. 

Mr. Stanley was Speaker of the 
House of Commons at the time, 
and left the chair to reply to Mr. 
MOREHEAD, and was in the act of 
doing so, when he was stricken 
down with paralysis. 

It may have been by some 
deemed fortunate, for one so 
young and unpractised in debate 
as Gov. MOREHEAD then was, to 



lave thus escaped as he did the 
jcathing wit and argument of an 
orator so eminent and a parlia- 
mentary debater so accomplished 
is was Mr. Stanley. 

Of the merits of the question in 
discussion between them I know 
nothing; but of this I feel assured : 
that whatever Gov. MOREHEAD 
undertook to maintain on that 
occasion, notwithstanding his 
youthfulness, he maintained with 
an ability that commanded the 
respect of his adversary, and was 
far beyond the reach of the ridi- 
cule with which Mr. Stanley was 
wont to assail those whom he op- 
posed in debate. 

How often Gov. MOREHEAD 
represented Guilford in the Legis- J 
lature I am not informed ; he was 
certainly, however, a representa- 
tive from that county several times 
prior to 1 840, as well as several 
times after. 

In 1840 he was placed in the 
lead of the Whig party of the 
State, as their candidate for Gov- 
ernor, and had for his competitor 
the Hon. Romulus M. Saunders, 
the able champion of the Demo- 
cratic party. 

This is the most memorable po- 
litical campaign in our annals, and 
the contest between the two gen- 
tlemen named was attended with 
many incidents of most exciting 
interest. It was the first time the 
State was ever canvassed by can- 
didates for Governor, and this 

novelty of itself was not without 
great influence in attracting the 
attention of the people. 

For five months the candidates 
were engaged in their laborious 
undertaking, traversing the State 
from the sea-coast to the Tennes- 
see and Georgia lines beyond the 
mountains. They frequently met, 
but did not always travel in the 
same direction at the same time. 
If either was absent, however, 
from a point where the other ad- 
dressed the people, his place in 
debate was supplied by some par- 
ty friend zealous in the cause. I 
witnessed several trials of skill 
and strength between them, and 
was bound to yield to both the 
homage of my admiration. 

Mr. MOREHEAD was elected by 
a majority of about eight thou- 
sand, which, considering the state 
of public opinion previously, and 
the adverse influence of the party 
in power at the time, was trium- 

He was inducted into office as 
Governor of the State on the first 
of January, 1841, and then com- 
menced a series of attacks upon 
him which, while they subjected 
his fortitude to severe trial, were 
yet the occasion of the develop- 
ment of the highest and most 
sterling traits of his character. In 
office he was, as is now conceded 
even by those who were once op- 
posed to him, eminently firm and 
patriotic in the discharge of his 



duties — wielded all his influence, 
personal and official, for the pub- 
lic good alone, unswa)^ed by party, 
unseduced by the suggestions of 
passion aroused by a sense of per- 
sonal injury, and unregardful of 
the motives of personal ambition. 
He was reelected Governor in 
1842, and served his second term 
under all the embarrassments in- 
cident to having a majority against 
him in the Legislature and an Ex- 
ecutive Council composed entirely 
of his political opponents. 

With his second term as Gov- 
ernor closed his connection with 
politics except as a private citi- 
zen, until the year 1858, when he 
was returned to the Legislature 
as a member of the House of Com- 
mons from Guilford. I served 
with him-in the session of 1858-9, 
being myself a member from Cas- 
well. Between the time of his 
retirement from the office of Gov- 
ernor and his return to the Legis- 
lature, many conflicting interests 
had arisen out of the various rail- 
road enterprises of the'State. He 
was the first President of the 
North Carolina Railroad Company, 
and under his auspices it was first 
put in operation, and was con- 
ducted successfully for a number 
of years. 

It was in the House of Com- 
mons, at the session of 1858-9, 
that he was made the 'objects of 
repeated attacks by several prom- 
inent and able members for his 

course generally in regard to oui 
railroad system. The manner ir 
which he met and repelled those 
attacks will be long rememberec 
by all who witnessed the scene 
His seat in the Hall and my owrj 
were nearly contiguous. Just be 
fore he rose to answer his assail- 
ants, seeing that he was deeply 
excited, I stepped across the aisle 
and whispered thus in his ear: 
"Governor, do your best. You are 
the most abused and most injured 
man in North Carolina." With! 
an eye flashing light through waterj 
at me, he promptly responded 
" How shall I deal with them, my 
friend — shall I treat them gently, 
or shall I make myself the Wel- 
lington of the occasion and van- 
quish them completely f " Play, 
Wellington" said I. "/ will" he! 
replied, with energetic action. In 
a few moments he rose, and com- 
menced his speech in tones of! 
voice betokening just the degree 
of excitement so useful to him- 
so necessary to rouse the lion in 
h i m . A nd he did play Wellington , 
if ever man did, on battle field or 
in parliament ! 

Never was there a more brilliant 
victory won, than he achieved that 
day. His assailants were driven 
from all their positions in confu- 
sion — -were pursued and routed, 
"horse, foot and dragoons." They 
were men of no mean abilities — 
they were strong men — and the 1 
House felt the shock of battle 



srhile the conflict lasted. But 
vhen he closed his defense, his 
assailants bore the air of deep 
iejection and discomfiture. 

The House was enraptured with 
he display of power on the part 
I Gov. MOREHEAD, and no fur- 
:her charges were heard against 
ira — no other attacks upon him 
Hade during the session, but all 
Other feelings and sentiments were 
merged in unbounded admiration 
of "the old man eloquent." 

He was a member of the suc- 
ceeding Legislature as Senator 
from Guilford, but I have no 
knowledge of his acts during the 
session. We were then upon the 
very verge of the conflict of arms, 
which has recently convulsed our 
great republic and laid us all in 

He was selected, with Judge 
Ruffln, Gov. Reid, George Davis 
and Daniel M. Barringer, to repre- 
sent North Carolina in what was 
designated the '' Peace Congress" 
which met in Washington in 
February. 1861. 

The object of this convocation 
of patriots and statesmen, was to 
avert, if possible, by some fair 
and just adjustment of our differ- 
ences, a dissolution of the' Union, 
and the consequent calamities of 
civil war. Their efforts Avere un- 
availing, and some who went to 
that Congress opposed to a sepa- 
ration of the Southern States from 
the Union, returned in favor of it, 

as a measure of unavoidable 

To this class Gov. Morehead 
belonged. He had ever been a 
union man in sentiment and feel- 
ing, and always denied the right 
of a State to secede. 

It was the anxious wish of his 
true heart, that the institutions of 
government established by our 
fathers should be preserved in 
their full integrity and strength, 
over all this imperial domain, and 
that their blessings might be 
diffused— not by force of arms — 
but by the force of truth through- 
out the earth. But the malign 
influences which are ever at work 
against the best interest of man, 
and the glory of God, had for 
years been " enfeebling the ties 
which linked together the various 
parts of our country, and finally 
brought us to the dire extremity 
of war." 

When the portentous issue be- 
came inevitable, Governor MORE- 
HEAD did not hesitate which side 
to take. With his whole soul he 
espoused the cause of his native 
land, and devoted all his resources 
of mind and estate to its defense. 
The war closed while he yet lived, 
closed by the most overwhelming 
defeat of the Southern States. 

His personal losses were im- 
mense. The casualties of battle 
had sent deep mourning into the 
bosom of his family. Yet he 
murmured not, nor apologized for 



any service he had rendered his 
stricken and blasted country, but 
owned himself a patriot still— in 
adversity, more than in prosperity. 
As a member of the Provisional 
Congress of the Confederate 
States, to which he was sent by 
our State Convention, he dis- 
played his accustomed diligence, 
sagacity and wisdom, and won the 
highest respect and confidence of 
President Davis, our then elevated 
Chief— since fallen, alas! from 
office, but still, thrice exalted- 
exalted by his talents, exalted by 
his virtues, yet more exalted by 
his martyr-sufferings for liberty's 
most holy cause/ 

After his service in the Provi- 
sional Congress closed, he applied 
himself with singular industry to 
the duties of the private citizen in 
times of national discord and 

He went to work, and worked 
hard, to aid in feeding and cloth- 
ing the soldiers who were suffer-